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in August, 1861, Governor Magoffin had urged the removal by the President of the Union troops which had been raised and were encamped within that State. To this request he received the following reply:
WASHINGTON, D. C., August 24, 1861. To His Excellency B. MAGOFFIN, Governor of the State of Kentucky:
SIR:-Your letter of the 19th inst., in which you “urge the removal from the limits of Kentucky of the military force now organized and in camp within that State,” is received.
I may not possess full and precisely accurate knowledge upon this subject, but I believe it is true that there is a military force in camp within Kentucky, acting by authority of the United States, which force is not very large, and is not now being augmented.
I also believe that some arms have been furnished to this force by the United States.
I also believo that this force consists exclusively of Kentuckians, having their camp in the immediate vicinity of their own homes, and not assailing or menacing any of the good people of Kentucky.
In all I have done in the premises, I have acted upon the urgent solicitation of many Kentuckians, and in accordance with what I believed, and still believe, to be the wish of a majority of all the Unionloving people of Kentucky.
While I have conversed on the subject with many eminent men of Kentucky, including a large majority of her members of Congress, I do not remember that any one of them, or any other person, except your Excellency and the bearers of your Excellency's letter, has urged me to remove the military force from Kentucky or to disband it. One other very worthy citizen of Kentucky did solicit me to have the augmenting of the force suspended for a time.
Taking all the means within my reach to form a judgment, I do not believe it is the popular wish of Kentucky that the force shall be removed beyond her limits; and, with this impression, I must respectfully decline to remove it.
I most cordially sympathize with your Excellency in the wish to preserve the peace of my own native State, Kentucky, but it is with regret I search for and cannot find, in your not very short letter, any declaration or intimation that you entertain any desire for the preservation of the Federal Union,
THE PRESIDENT TO GENERAL MOCLELLAN. President LINCOLN addressed the following letter to General McClellan after the latter had landed his forces on the Peninsula in the spring of 1862. It relates to several points in which the General's action had already excited a good deal of public uneasiness, and been made the subject of public comment, though the ietter itself has never before been made public:
FORTRESS MONROE, May 9, 1862. MY DEAR SIR :-I bave just assisted the Secretary of War in forming the part of a dispatch to you, relating to army corps, which dispatch, of course, will have reached you long before this will. I wish to say a few words to you privately on this subject. I ordered the army corps organization not only on the unanimous opinion of the twelve generals of division, but also on the unanimous opinion of every military man I could get an opinion from, and every modern military book, yourself only excepted. Of course, I did not on my own judgment pretend to understand the subject. I now think it indispensable for you to know how your struggle against it is received in quarters which we cannot entirely disregard. It is looked upon as merely an effort to pamper one or two pets, and to persecute and degrade their supposed rivals. I have had no word from Sumner, Heintzelman or Keyes. The commanders of these corps are of course the three highest officers with you, but I am constantly told that you have no consultation or communication with them, that you consult and communicate with nobody but Fitz John Porter, and perhaps General Franklin. I do not say these complaints are true or just; but, at all events, it is proper you should know of their existence. Do the commanders of corps disobey your orders in any thing?
When you relieved General Hamilton of his command the other day, you thereby lost the confidence of at least one of your best friends in the Senate. And here let me say, not as applicable to you personally, that Senators and Representatives speak of me in their places as they please without question; and that officers of the army must cease addressing insulting letters to them for taking no greater liberty with them. But to return, are you strong enough, even with my help, to set your foot upon the neck of Sumner, Heintzelman, and Keyes, all at ouçe? This is a practical and very serious question for you. Yours truly,
Arbitrary Arrests, action of Govern- | Confederacy-organization of the Rebel
ment, 339; debate in Congress, 327. Government, 59; objects of the Con-
Arkansas, President's letter to General federacy stated by Mr. Stephens, 62.
Steele, 455; President's letter about Confiscation Bill, 153; debate in Con-
Convention, 456; election and adop- gress on, 196; its provisions, 199;
tion of a Free State Constitution, 457. supplementary resolution, 200; mes-
sage approving, 201.
Congress, appoints committee on Com-
Banks, takes Port Hudson, 382; proclam- promise, 63; adoption of Compromise
ation for an election in Louisiana, 454. resolution, 70; action on amendment
Battle of Bull Run, '61, 154; of Williams- of Constitution, 70; action on Critten-
burg, 235; of Seven Pines and Fair den resolution and Peace Conference,
Oaks, 244; of Fredericksburg, 376; of 76; meeting in extra Session, July 4,
Gettysburg, 379; of Vicksburg, 382; 1861, 138; adoption of resolution on
of Tullahoma, 388; of Chattanooga, the objects of the War, 152; bills on
389; defeat at Olustee, 458.
confiscation-employment of slaves,
Blair, F. P. Jr., reappointment as Major- 153; meeting in December, 1861, 162;
effect of Bull Run defeat on legislative
Border States, reply of the members to action of, 181; abolishes slavery in
President's address, 192; Hon. Mr. Territories, 183; abolishes slavery in
Maynard's reply, 194.
District Columbia, 183; approves com-
Buchanan, official action on Secession, pensated emancipation, 186; debate on
56; last message, 63; dissolution of Contiscation Bill, 196; the Currency
his Cabinet, 64; message on Secession, Bill, 195; meeting, December, 1862,
308; debate on arbitrary arrests, 327;
Burnside, General, succeeds McClellan admission of members from Louisiana,
in Army of Potomac, 281; battle of 336; meeting, December, 1863, 416;
Fredericksburg, 376; arrests Vallan- debates of, 1863, 434; action on slavery,
digham, 351 ; second attempt on Fred- 435,; passage of Conscription Bill, 331.
ericksburg, 377; relieved from com- Constitution, amendment forbidding in-
mand, 377; defence of Knoxville, 390. terference with slavery, 70; amend-
ment abolishing slavery, 435.
Crittenden Compromise, 66; resolution
Cabinet, dissolution of Buchanan's, 64; declaring the objects of the War, 152.
organization of Lincoln's, 121; resigna- Curtis, General, appointed to command
tion of Secretary Cameron, 205.
in Missouri, 398; his removal, 399.
Cameron, resignation of, as Secretary of
War, 205: President's message con-
Democratic Party, its position at time of
Colonization, President's views on, 184; election, 1860, 54; success in State elec-
President's interview with colored tions of 1862, defeat in 1863, 414.
men on, 468; attempts to colonize New
Grenada, 472; colony to Isle à Vache,
England, instructions to our Minister at
Colfax, elected Speaker of House of Rep- outbreak of the Rebellion, 133; protest
against her recognition of the Rebels
Compromise, Crittenden's, 66; special as belligerents, 135; the Trent affair,
committee of Congress on, 68; report 162 ; stoppage of rebel rams, 441.
of resolutions by committee, 68; adop- Emancipation. President's reply to Chi-
tion of the resolutions, 70.
cago Committee on, 212; Proclamation
of September, 1862, 215; Proclamation
of January, 1563, 218; in Missouri,
Election of President, 53; State elec-
tions of 1862, State elections of 1863,
Fremont, appointed to Department of
the West, order of emancipation, 393;
President's revocation of order, 161;
removal froin command of Western
Department, 394; agreement with
Price, 391; popular demonstrations in
favor of, 396; asks to be relieved, 263.
France, offer of mediation, 297; reply of
Mr. Seward, 298; our relations with,
Floricia, expedition of General Gillmore,
457; defeat at Olustee, 458.
Greeley, President Lincoln's letter to,
Gettysburg, battle of, 379; President's
proclamation of victory, 381; dedica-
tion of Cemetery, 331.
Grant, General, siege and capture of
Vicksburg, 382; appointment as Lieu-
Hunter, General, his order abolishing
slavery in South Carolina, 188; Lin-
coln's letter to, in Missouri, 394.
Halleck, letter to McClellan on the neces-
sity of aiding Pope, 260; letter about
his leaving the Peninsula, 260; orders
McClellan to advance after Aniietam,
280; letter about fugitive slaves, 292.
Habeas Corpus, first instance of suspen-
sion, 341; action of the Government,
339, proclamation suspending, 348;
proclamation on subject, 367.
Hooker, Gineral, succeeds General Burn-
side in Army of Potomac, 377; is re-
lieved froin command, 379.
85; at Cleveland, 88; at Buffalo, 89; at
Rochester, 91; at Utica, 92; at Albany,
92; at Troy, 94; at Hudsoni, 95; at
Poughkeepsie, 95; at Peekskill, 96; at
Astor House, New York, 96; to Re-
publican Association, 97; at City Hall,
99; at Jersey City, 100; at Newark,
100; at Trenton, 101; at Philadelphia,
103; at Independence Hall, 104; at
Lancaster, 106; at Harrisburg, 106;
ai Washington, 109; at Washington.
about McClellan, 286; at serenade in
Washington, Sept. 24, 1862, 306; at fair
in Washington, 465; at fair in Balti-
more, 466; to workingmen of New
York, 463; at Gettysburg. 381 ; at
Washington, on victories of Gettys-
burg and Vicksburg, 385; departure
for Washington, 108; inauguration, 111;
inaugural address, 112; message, extra
session, July, 1861, 138; First Annual
Message, Dec., 1861, 165; message rec-
ommending aid to States emancipating
slaves, 184; message approving bill
to abolish slavery in District of Co-
lumbia, 184; message approving confis-
cation bill, 201; message on blockade
of Southern ports, 208; second annual
message, 1862, 308; Inessage recom-
mending aid for emancipation, 319;
message on the currency, 332; third an-
nual message, 1863, 416; proclamation
for 75,000 troops, 123 ; of blockade, 128;
revoking Gen. Hunter's order, 188; of
emancipation, Septeinber, 1862, 215; of
emancipation, January, 1863, 218; for
Thanksgiving, April 10, 1862, 289; to
the rebels, 294; concerning the Sat-
bath, 306; suspending habeas corpus,
348, 367; about national forces bill,
369; of victory at Gettysburg, 381;
for Thanksgiving, July, 1863, 386;
Thanksgiving for victories in East
Tennessee, 390; Thanksgiving, Oct. 3,
1863, 390; proclamation of amnesty,
430; explanatory proclamation of am-
nesty, 433; for 300,000 volunteers, 436;
letter to Gov. Hicks, of Md., 125; to
Gov. Bradford, of Md., 126; to Gen.
Fremont revoking his order, 161; to
H. Greeley, 210; to McClellan concern-
ing an advance on Richmond, 224; to
McClellan about retaining Blenker,
229; to McClellan about strength of his
army, 232; to McClellan about McDow-
ell, 237; to McClellan about withhold-
ing McDowell, 240; to McClellan about
Jackson, 241; to McClellan about Han-
over Junction, 243; in reply to McClel-
lan, 250; about re-enforcements after
seven days' battles, 253; ou the strength
of McClellan's army, 257; 10 McClellan
after Antietam, 279; to McClellan about
horses, 233; to Fernando Wood, 305; to
coinmittee of Albany mecting, 354; to
committee of Ohio Convention, 362; 10
Invasion--proposed rebel invasion of the
North, 129; invasion of Pennsylvania
by General Lee, 378.
Kilpatrick-raid to Richmond, 459.
Knoxville, siege of, raised, 390.
Lincoln, Abraham, life and career, 13;
nomination at Chicago, 45; election to
the Presidency, 53; speech at Spring-
field, 78; at Tolono, 79; at Indiane-
polis, 79, before Legislature of Indi-
ana, 80; at Cincinnati, 81; at Columbus,
83; at Steubenville, 84; at Pittsburg, 84;
before Common Council of Pittsburg,
Gov. Seymour on the draft, 372; secund Meade, Gen., succeeds Hooker, 379; tights
letter on saine subject, 374; dispatches at Gettysburg, 380.
to Chicago, 375; letter of thanks to Mexico, the new empire, 444; Mr. Sew-
Gen. Grant, 386; to Gen. Hunter on ard's letter on, 445 ; President declines
taking command in Missouri, 394; to to recognize, 447; resolution of House
Gen. Schofield, 399; to committee from of Representatives, 448.
Missouri, 403; on church quarrels in McClellan, appointed commander-in-
Missouri, 409; to Union convention in chief, 222; report of rebel str at
Illinois, 411; on payment of bounties, Yorktown, 230; movement to the
33; to House of Representatives on Chickahominy, 236; reports of Wil-
Gen. Blair, 439; on aiding people of liamsburg, 235; wants McDowell to
East Tennessee. 440 ; to editor of N. A. join him by water, 238; letter of ad-
Review, 449; to Gov. Shepley on elect- vice to the President, 256; ordered to
ing members of Congress in La., 452; withdraw from the Peninsula, 259; or-
to Gen. Steele, of Arkansas, 455; about dered to superintend forwarding of re-
Arkansas Convention, 456; to Gen. enforcements to Pope, 263 ; his failure
Gillmore about Florida, 457; to work- to aid Pope, 264; suggests that Pope
ingmen of Manchester, 461; to work- be left to get out of his scrape," 271 •
ingmen of London, 462; to working- stops Franklin's advance, 272; failure
men of N. Y., 463; to Christian Com- to pursue Lee after Antietam, 279.
mission, 465; to Mr. Hodge, of Ken- ordered to advance, 250; letter to Pres.
tucky, 481; to Gov. Magotfin, of Ky. ident about Gen. Scott, 488; advises a
(App.). 492; to Gen. McClellan on the draft in 1861, 490.
formation of army corps (App.), 494; Missouri, condition of the State at out-
interview with authorities of Md., 127; break of the rebellion, 392; emancipa-
address to members of Congress from tion in, 397; appointment of Gen. Cur.
Border States, 190 ; reply to Commis- tis, 395; President's dispatch about,
sioners of Virginia, 181; remarks on ar- 398; Gen. Schofield's appointment, 399;
rest of Md. Legislature, 344; draft of a President's instructions to, 407 ; his
bill to aid emancipation, 194; reply to removal, 408; President's interview
Chicago committee on emancipation of with radicals of, 401; abolition of slave-
slaves, 212; interview with radicals of ry in, 401; mass convention, 402 ; Pres.
Missouri, 400; reappointment of Gen. ident's letter to Mo. committee, 403;
Blair, 439; declines to recognize Em- President's letter on church contests,
pire of Mexico, 447; theory of recon- 404; President's letter to Gen. Hunter,
struction, 419; reply to application of 394.
Louisiana planters, 454; interview with
colored men at Washington, 468; mem-
oranda concerning an advance of the National Militia-passage of the con-
armies in 1861, (App.) 491; order for scription bill, 331; its provisions, 368;
advance of U. S. armies, 223; for ad- President's proclamation concerning,
vance of Army of Potomac, 224; to 369; draft and riots in N. Y., 371; Gov.
leave Washington properly defended, Seymour's correspondence with the
226; authorized to issue letters of President, 372; President's dispatches
marque, 337; general estimate of his to Chicago, 375.
Louisiana, admission of members of Con-
gress, 336; movements for reorganiza- Ohio--nomination of Vallandigham for
tion, 452 ; President's letter to Gov. Governor, 362; his defeat, 414.
Shepley, 452; application for authority
to call a Convention, 453; application
of planters to the President, 453 ; Pres- Peace Conference, its action, 71; action
ident's reply, 454; Gen. Banks's pro- of Congress on it, 76.
clamation ordering an election, 454; Presidential Election, popular and elec-
election of Gov. Hahn, 455.
toral vote, 55.
Magruder, the rebel general's report of Reconstruction, President's movements
rebel strength at Yorktown, 233.
towards and message on, 416; letter
Maryland, passage of troops through Bal- to N. A. Review, 449; proclamation
timore, 125; President's correspond- for,451; movements towards, in Louisi-
ence with Gov. Hicks, 125; President's ana, 452; movements in Arkansas, 457.
interview with authorities, 127; arrest Riots in N. Y., 371.
of members of the Legislature, 844.
Maynard, Hon. Horace, reply to Presi.
dent's address on emancipation, 194. Scott, retirement of General, 156; letter to