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Mob of 6th of March, 1873, in
New Orleans, 564.

Moderation, author's plea for,
479.

Monitor, the, battle with the
Virginia (Merrimac), 170, 171.
Monroe, James, attitude toward
slavery, 41, 43.

Policy of his administration
in acquiring Florida, 44.
Monroe, John T., mayor of
New Orleans, 430.

His relation to the massacre
of July 30, 1866, 431.
Removed from mayoralty of
New Orleans by General
Sheridan, 544.

Cause of removal of, 544.
Montgomery, Wm., member of

Thirty-sixth Congress, 76.
Moore, Andrew B., governor of
Alabama, 1861, 294.
Moore, Sydenham, member
Thirty-sixth Congress, 97.
Killed in the Confederate mil-
itary service, 97.
Moore, Thomas H., statement
respecting affairs in Geor-
gia, 1865, 895.
Moore, Thomas O., governor of
Louisiana, 1861, 294.
Moore, Wm. G., private secre-
tary of President Johnson,
591.
Morrill, Justin S.,member Thir-
ty-sixth Congress, 75.
Skill in tariff calculations, 75,
90.

Senator from Vermont, 90.
Morris, Edward Joy, efforts in
Thirty-sixth Congress to
avert war, 64.
Morris, George M., command-
ing the Cumberland, 169.
Morris, Isaiah, at Bull Run, 157,
158.

Morse, Freeman H., member
Thirty-sixth Congress, 90.
Consul to London, 90.
Moses, Franklin J., adjutant
and inspector-general South
Carolina, 503.

Chief-justice, South Carolina,

504.

| Myers, Joseph, attorney-gen- | North Carolina, annulment of
eral Mississippi, 527.
Nash, Beverly, statement by, at
mass meeting at Charleston,
1867,501.

Nashville, battle of, 209.
National banks, act of July 12,
1870, for issuance of notes
to, 137.

Establishing acts, Feb, 25, 1863,
141.

June 3, 1864, 142.
Origin of system of, 143.
Report of Secretary Chase,
Dec., 1861, respecting, 143.
Letter of Orlando B. Potter
to Secretary Chase, Aug. 14,
1861, respecting system of,
143.

National Union Republican
party in Mississippi, 529.
Navy of the United States,

class disqualified for com-
mission in, 616.
Neagle, N. J., comptroller-gen-

eral South Carolina, 503.
Negro, competent juror in Mis-
sissippi, 528.

Nelson, Homer A., votes for

thirteenth amendment, 326.
Nelson, Thomas A. R., member
Thirty-sixth Congress, 73.
Personal sketch of, 73.
Member of committee
thirty-three, 77.

of

Counsel for President John-
son in impeachment trial,
587.
Nesmith, James W., senator

from Oregon, 356.
Newbern, capture of, 167.
New Grenada, its blockade, 273.
New Jersey, legislation respect-

ing fugitive slaves, 109.
New, John C., action in House

on electoral commission,
Louisiana decision, 657.
New Madrid, capture of, 176.
New Orleans, capture of, 193.
New-York, personal liberty
bill, 107.

Right of transit with slave
denied by the courts, 109.
Niagara, peace conference at,
317.

Niblack, William E., Seward's
tribute to, 1868, 274.
Nicholson, Alfred O. P., senator
Thirty-sixth Congress, 71,

Moses, Franklin J., Jr., elected
governor of South Carolina,
1872, 506.
Morton, Marcus, member of the
Massachusetts constitution-Nodine, John, whipped by Ku-

al convention of 1850, 586.
Morton, Oliver P., energy as
governor, 297.
Member of committee on the
electoral count, 637.
Remarks and aspect in com-
mittee, 642, 643.
Dissatisfied with the result,
648.

Opposes electoral commission
bill in the Senate, 649.
Member electoral commis-
sion, 656.

Mower, Joseph A., in command
of the fifth military district,
547.

Munfordville, surrender of, 191.
Murphy, Isaac, elected govern-
or of Arkansas, 1864, 436.
Vetoes pension bill, 438.
Murrah, Pendleton, governor
of Texas, 1864, 295.
Myers, Amos, urges persistent
prosecution of the war, 1865,
314.

89.

Klux, 461.

Noell, John W., member Thirty-
sixth Congress, 96.
Norfolk, evacuation of, 181.
Notes, United States, redemp-
tion of, in coin, 671.
North, the, strength of, 214.
Response of the, to call for
troops, 1861, 152.
Mechanical skill of, 215.
North Carolina, free colored

persons voters in, 1776, 42.
Convention and ordinance of
secession, 120.

Loyalty in western, 153.
Operations on coast of, 1861,
164; 1862, 166.
Dissatisfaction with adminis-
tration of Confederacy near
end of war, 312.
Peace resolutions proposed in
legislature, 1864, 319.
Contest in, upon question of
secession, 1861, 383.
Provisional government, 384.

ordinance of secession, 385.
Slavery abolished, 385.
Act of the legislature, March,
1866, respecting the negro,
888.
Disorders in, 1868-1871, 455-463.
Part of second military dis-

trict under the reconstruc-
tion acts, 494.

Attempt to remove civil off-
cers in, by the military com-
mander, 495.

Interference of the military
commander with U. S. mar-
shal in execution of process
in, 495.

Colored persons admitted to
the jury box, 496.
Registration in, 496-497.
Constitutional convention in,

496.

Constitution formed under
the reconstruction acts in,
496.

Constitution ratified, 497.
State officers of, elected, 497.
Bribery and peculation in,
1867-1869, 497-499.

Bonds of, 499–500.
Restoration of, to full fed-
eral relations, 507.
Northrup, Milton H., clerk of
House committee upon the
electoral count, 639.
Nullification,distinguished from
secession, 53.

Advocated by Calhoun, 53.
In Ohio, 63.

Jackson's proclamation
against, 145.

Oath of allegiance, 338.
Iron-clad, its character as a
proscriptive measure, 256,
257.

Of loyalty, no utility in, 250.
Presented by the Missouri
constitutional convention
of January, 1865, 251.
Oaths, mode of administering,
609.

Self-nullifying, 609, 610.
Abolition desirable, 610.
What is an, 611.

Forms of, 611.
Political, 602-616.

(See iron-clad oath and test
oaths.)

Remarks on familiar and fre-
quent taking of, 604-612.
Ogbourne, William H., secre-

tary of Alabama conven-
tion, September, 1865, 404.
O'Gorman, Richard, effort in
behalf of Colonel Corcoran,
243.
"Ohio rebellion," 1857, 81.
Ohio, refusal to surrender fugi-
tives, 109.

Threatened invasion of, 1862,
190.
Olds, Edson B., his arrest, 226.
Olmstead, Charles H., Confeder

ate service defending Fort
Pulaski, 174.
Opposition party necessary to
free government, 28.
Osborne, Thomas W., senator
from Florida, 522.
Ord, Edward O. C., assigned to

the command of the fourth
district, 295.

Assumes command of the
fourth military district
under the reconstruction
acts, 525.

INDEX.

Ordinances of secession, solem- | Packard, S. B., contest with

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Georgia, 397.

Texas, 400.

Alabama, 406.

South Carolina, 412.

Florida, 420.

Arkansas, 436.

Action of Texas constitu-
tional convention respect-
ing, 574, 575.
"Oberlin" cases, 62, 93.
Ochsenbein, Ulrich, words in

the Swiss Diet respecting
threatened foreign recog-
nition of seceding cantons,
1847-260.
O'Conor, Charles, bondsman for
Jefferson Davis, 579.
Counsel representing Mr. Til-
den before the electoral
commission in the Florida
case, 655.

Odell, Moses F., speaks in favor
of thirteenth amendment,
Jan. 9, 1865, 321.
Votes for thirteenth amend-
ment, 326.

Oregon, electoral vote of, 1877,
664.

Orr, James L., personal sketch,
27.

Speaker of Thirty-sixth Con-
gress, 55.

One of the South Carolina
treaty commissioners, 1860,
110.

Effort of, in Confederate Con-

gress toward peace, Jan-
uary, 1865, 313.

Elected governor of South
Carolina, 1865, 413.
Address by him at Columbia,
S. C., 1867, 501.

Address at Charleston

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McEnery, 562-570.

Packard legislature, Louisiana,
1872, 562.

Paper money, continental bills,
128.

United States notes, 133.
National bank notes, 141.
State bank notes, 142.
Pardon, conditions of, under
President Lincoln's am-
nesty proclamation, 337.
Under President Johnson's
proclamation, 347.
Pardoning power and the four-
teenth amendment, 601.
Parker, Niles G., treasurer
South Carolina, 503.
Parsons, Lewis E., statement
by, of condition of people
of Alabama, 1865, 402.
Appointed by President John-
son, provisional governor of
Alabama, June 21, 1865, 403.
Acts as governor, 403.
Superseded, Dec., 1865, 405.
His testimony respecting Ku-
Klux in Alabama, 469.
Parties, issues dividing Demo-

cratic and Republican, 35.
Attitude of, respecting per-

sonal liberty during the
war, 219-240.

Patton, Robert M., elected gov-
ernor of Alabama, 1865, 406.
Address by, upon assumption
of duties, 407.

Payne, Henry B., supporter of
Douglas at Charleston con-
vention, 60.

Chairman of select committee
House of Representatives on
the electoral count, 1876, 637.
Remarks by him therein, 641,
648, 644, 645.
Member electoral commis-
sion, 650.

Proposition in the electoral
commission, 656.
Peace conference of 1861, re-

sponsibility for its failure,80.
Commissioners from South
Carolina, December, 1860,
146.

Commissioners from the Con-
federate States, 1861, 146, 147.
The outlook for the era of,
217, 218.
Obstacles to, 239.

Efforts of Democrats in favor
of, 314.

Resolutions looking toward,
proposed in Congress, 315-
317.

Plank in Democratic national
platform, 1864, 317.
Propositions in the Confeder-
ate Congress, 318.
Resolutions favoring,

pro-

posed in the legislatures of
Virginia, Georgia and North
Carolina, and in the Confed-
erate Congress in 1864, 319.
Correspondence respecting
negotiations for, between
Jefferson Davis and Z. B.
Vance, 1864-'65, 320, 321.
Commissioners from the Con-
federate States, January,
1865, 327, 328.

The Blair negotiation for, 330-
332.

Negotiations for, denounced
by radicals in Congress, 332.
Conference at Hampton
Roads respecting, 333.

717.

Peace conference of 1861, effect
of failure of negotiations
for, 335.

Resolution offered by the au.
thor, Feb. 6, 1865, commend-
ing negotiation for, 335.
Debate in the House, Jan. 10,
1865, respecting the negotia-
tions for, 336.

Author answers speeches of
Brooks and Stevens respect-
ing negotiations for, Jan. 10,
1865, 336.
Gained, 336.

Pea Ridge, battle of, 174.
Pease, E. M., candidate for gov-
ernor of Texas, 1866, 401.
Appointed governor of Texas,
1867, 573.

Message to the constitutional
convention of Texas, 574.
Peck, E. W., presides at consti-

tutional convention, Ala-
bama, 1867, 513.
Pemberton, John C., surrender
of, 195.

Pendleton, George H., speech

opposing thirteenth amend-
ment, Jan. 12, 1865, 321.
Discusses the power to amend
the constitution, January,
1865, 323.

His civil service reform bill,
676.

Peninsular campaign, 179.
Penn, D. B., leads uprising

against Governor Kellogg,
of Louisiana, September,
1874, 567.
Pennington, William, speaker
of the House, Thirty-sixth
Congress. 75, 92.
Sketch of, 75, 92.
Pennsylvania, personal liberty
bill, 1847, 107.

Invasion of, 1862, 192.
Invasion of, 1863, 201.
Perry, Benjamin F., appointed
by President Johnson pro-
visional governor of South
Carolina, 412.

Course of, as governor of
South Carolina, 412, 413.
Perry, M. S., as governor of

Florida, recommends steps
toward secession, 115.
Personal liberty bills, 106-109.
Petersburg, attack in front of,
213.

Pettus, John J., governor of
Mississippi, 1861, 294.
Phelps, John S., chairman ways
and means committee, Thir-
ty-sixth Congress, 73.
Championed the Union senti-
ment of Missouri, 73.
Member committee of thirty-
three, 77.

Phelps, William Walter, mem-
ber of committee to investi-
gate election of 1874 in
Louisiana, 569.

Phillips, Wendell, demands the

thirteenth amendment, 311.
Pickens, Francis W., governor
of South Carolina, 1861, 294.
Pickering, John, impeachment
of, 584.
Pierce, Franklin, proposed
member of peace commis-
sion, 1861, 315.

Policy respecting the Declara-
tion of Paris, 266, 267.
Pierce, Henry L., opinion of
the action of the electoral
commission, 660.

Pierpont, Francis H., recog-
nized governor of Virginia,
349.

His government, 423, 424.
Pillow, Gideon J., at Fort Don-
elson, 175.

Pinchback, P. B. S., assumes
the office of governor of
Louisiana, 562.
Platform, Democratic party, of
1884, characterized, 680.
Republican, 680.

Poland, Luke P., report respect-
ing affairs in Arkansas, 541.
Polk, James K., his campaign
of 1844, 47.

His cabinet, 47.
Polk, Trusten, senator Thirty-
sixth Congress, 71.
Governor of Missouri, 71.
His amiability, 89.
Poor-convict oath, the only
charitable statutory oath
since the war, 612.

Pope, John, takes New Madrid
and Island No. 10, 176.
At Corinth, 178.

Placed in command of the
army of Virginia, 187.

In command of third military
district, 508.

Popular sovereignty, doctrine
of, 119.

Population, statistics of, 687,
688, 690.

Relation to representation,
695, 696.

Porter, David, his cruise in the
Essex, 289.

Porter, David D., 31.

At New Orleans, 193.
At Vicksburg, 195.

At Arkansas Post, 195.
Red River expedition, 210.
His operations against Fort
Fisher, 211, 212.

Porter, Fitz John, at Malvern
Hill, 187.

Port Hudson, capture of, 196.
Port Royal, expedition against,
1861, 175.

Posse comitatus clause, 631.
Potter, Clarkson N., member of

committee to investigate
election of 1874 in Louis-
iana, 569.

Potter, John F., member of
Congress, 76.

Present at the Grow-Keitt al-
tercation, 76.
Potter. Orlando B., plan for
national paper currency,
148.
Powell, Lazarus W., senator
Thirty-sixth Congress, 72.
Opposed military interference
with elections, 88.
Vote in committee of thirteen
on Jefferson Davis' proposi-
tion, 115.

Efforts against use of army at
the polls, 629.
Prentiss, Benjamin M., at Shi-
loh, 177.

Press, freedom of, violated, 229.
Price, Sterling, Confederate ser-
vice in Missouri, 1861, 163.
Confederate service in Mis-
souri, 1862, 174.
Proceedings in rem, part of the

vindictive policy, 249.
Proclamation of emancipation,
123.

Of the President, Aug. 16,
1861, declaring state of in-
surrection, 242.

Proclamation of amnesty, Presi- |
dent Lincoln's, 337, 338.
Of amnesty, President John-
son's, 346.

Progress, material, in three dec-
ades, 685-699.
Of the nation, 125.
Proscriptions, object of, on the
part of
the Republican
party, 250.
(See test oaths.)

Of fourteenth amendment
obsolete, 601.

Protestant Episcopal Church,
military interference with,
in Alabama, 408.
Provisional governments, leg-
islation for, 339.
Operation of, 380.

Course of, in Tennessee, 381-
383.

North Carolina, 384-388.
Mississippi, 389–392.
Georgia, 397-398.
Texas, 399-401.
Alabama, 403-406.

South Carolina, 412, 413.
Florida, 419, 420.
Louisiana, 425–428.

Pryor, Roger A., member Thir-
ty-sixth Congress, 72.
Sketched, 72, 74, 94.

Speech at Charleston urging
attack on Sumter, 149.
Pugh, George E., personal
sketch, 59.

Senator Thirty-sixth Con-
gress, 72.

Pugh, James L., member Thir-
ty-sixth Congress, 74.
Member Confederate Con-
gress, 97.

Pulaski, Fort, bombardment
and surrender of, 174.
Quarles, James M., member
Thirty-sixth Congress, 95.
Confederate general, 95.
Quartermaster's department,
services of, during the war,
214-216.
Quincy, Josiah, opposes admis-
sion of Louisiana, 44.
Quitman, John A., attempts to

cut off debate on the Le-
compton constitution, 1857,
27, 57.

Reconstruction, not of states
but of the Union, 30.
Championship of slavery a
principal obstacle to, 36.
President Lincoln's mode of,
338.

Proposed legislation for, 233,
340.

House bill for, passed, 340.
Comparison between House
bill for, and President Lin-
coln's policy, 340, 341.
President Lincoln's signature
withheld from House bill
for, 341.

Measure for, reported by
James M. Ashley, Dee. 10,
1864, 342.

Speech of President Lincoln,
April 11, 1885, respecting,
342, 344.

Republican party dissatisfied
with President Johnson's
measures of, 349.

Party positions on, 357.
Principles of, according to
Thaddeus Stevens, 367.

Acts of March 2 and March
23, 1867, 376.

Acts of March, 1867, author's
views upon question of con-
stitutionality of, 378, 379.
Provisions of, 480-483, 497.
Question of construction of,
in Louisiana, 546.

Of March 21, 1867, operation
of section 5 of, in Alabama,
514.

In Virginia, 484-493.

In North Carolina, 495-500, 507.
In South Carolina, 500-506, 307.
In Georgia, 509-512.
In Alabama, 512-516.
In Florida, 517-524.
In Mississippi, 525-534.
In Arkansas, 534-542.
In Louisiana, 544–570.
In Texas, 572-577.
Rector, Henry M., 1861, 294.
Red Cross Flag of Geneva, 614.
Red River expedition, 210.
Reed, Harrison, elected gov-

ernor of Florida, 1868, 517.
Impeachment of, 518.
Second attempt to remove,
by impeachment, 521.
Third attempt to remove, by
impeachment, 522.

Radford, Wm., votes for thir-
teenth amendment, 326.
Railways, employment of, dur-Registration of voters under the
ing the war, 215.
acts, Vir-

Raleigh, N. C., capture of, 212.
Randall, S. J., opposes force
bill, 257.

Course as speaker during the
electoral count, 1877, 664.
Randolph, John, his part in im-
peachment of Samuel Chase,
584.

Attitude respecting slavery,
41.

Opposes war of 1812, 53.
Ransom, Matt W., member of

committee on the electoral
count, 637.
Rebellion, the Ohio, 1857, 81.
Reagan John H., estimate of

duration of secession, 65.
At battle of Seven Pines, 92.
Sketch of, 98.
Recognition of Confederacy,
proclaimed by Great Brit-
ain, 258.

Secretary Black's effort to
prevent, 258, 259.
Secretary Seward's effort to
prevent, 259, 260.

reconstruction

ginia, 487, 488.
North Carolina, 496, 497.
South Carolina, 502.
Georgia, 509.

Alabama, 513.
Florida, 517.
Mississippi, 526.
Arkansas, 534.
Texas, 574.

Louisiana, 544-546.

General Sheridan's dispatch
to General Grant respecting
same, 544.

Period of same ordered ex-
tended, 545.

Classes excluded from, 546.
Texas, 574.

Relay House, occupation of, by
General Butler, 153.
Religious teachers, persecution
of, in Missouri, 613, 614.
Representation, basis of. 695.
Our system of, vindicated,
696-698.

In Congress, causes of delay
in admitting the South to, 30.

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resolution in the House,
1864, 317.

Republican movement in Eu-Resolution, declaring the Demo- | Rogers, Andrew J., offers peace
rope, 1848, effect of, upon
tendency toward foreign in-
tervention, 1861, 260.
Republican party, methods of
constitutional construction,
35, 36.

Rise of, 50.

Attitude of, toward Critten-
den compromise, 80.

Its theory of status of seced-
ing states, 123.

The destruction of slavery
the main object of, during
the war, 221, 222.

Its theory of status of the
Southern States, 246.

Object of, in proscriptions,
250.

Its theory of constitutional
construction, 356, 357.

In Virginia, division in, 1867,
488.

In Mississippi, platform and
ticket of, 1869, 529.

In Louisiana, quarrels in,
554, 558.

Cause of quarrel of, with
President Johnson, 581.
Its course in the South, 624.
Stand of, 1876, 629.

Attitude of, Dec., 1876, 636.
Convention at Chicago, 1880,
673.

Platform and nominations,
1880, 673, 674.

Dissensions in, during the ad-
ministration of President
Garfield, 675.

Indictment of, 681.
Resolution, joint, of Congress,

Jan. 17, 1863, authorizing
the issue of legal tenders to
pay the army, 135.
In Congress proposed by the
author with purpose of
peace, July 29, 1861, 314, 315.
Proposed by Garrett Davis
with the purpose of peace,
Dec. 3, 1862, 315.
Favoring peace, proposed by
C. B. Calvert of Maryland,
Aug. 5, 1861, 315.

In the interest of peace, pro-
posed by C. H. Vallandig-
ham, 315.

For appointment of peace
commissioners and for an
armistice, proposed by
Henry May, 1861, 315.
Proposed by Senator Sauls-
bury, Dec. 4, 1861, favoring
peace, 315.

Concurrent, of Dec. 13, 1865,

with respect to representa-
tion of the seceded states,
349, 350.

Of July 24, 1866, restoring
Tennessee to her relations
to the Union, 382.
Of Senate, July 3, 1867, calling
for information respecting
execution of reconstruction
acts, 483.
President's answer to, 483, 484.
Of United States Senate, Jan.

14, 1873, inquiring into af-
fairs in Louisiana, 564.
Of March 7, 1867, directing for-
mal inquiry into grounds
for impeachment of Presi-
dent Johnson, 581.
Reports under, 581, 582.
Declarative of our republican
system proposed by the au-
thor, 600.

cratic candidates elected,
March 3, 1877, 668.
Restoration of the states to
complete federal relations,
importance of, 570–572.

Of seceded states to full fed-
eral relations, Tennessee,382.
Virginia, 493.

North Carolina, 507.
South Carolina, 507.
Georgia, 510.
Alabama, 514.
Florida, 517.
Mississippi, 531.
Arkansas, 535.
Louisiana, 550.
Texas, 577.

Resumption act, January, 1875,
671.

Of specie payment accom-
plished Jan. 1, 1879, 672.
Of constitutional state gov-
ernment in the South dur-
ing the Hayes administra-
tion, 672.

Returning board of Louisiana,
660.
Revels, Hiram R., elected sena-

tor from Mississippi, 1870, 530.
Revolutionary war, efforts to

defray expenses of, 128, 129.
Revenue, the surplus, 141.
Reynolds, Dean, beaten by Ku-
Klux, 471.

Reynolds, J. J., in command of

fifth military district, 549.
Course of, as commander of

fifth military district, 576.
Senator from Texas, 1871, 577.
Rice, Alexander H., member

Thirty-sixth Congress, 90.
Governor of Massachusetts.90.
Rice, Americus V., debates in

the House the electoral com-
mission Louisiana action,
657.

Rice, Henry M., senator Thirty-
sixth Congress, 72, 90.
Votes in committee of thir-
teen on Jefferson Davis'
proposition, 115.

Rice, John H., urges prosecu-
tion of the war, 1865, 314.
Richardson, William A., dele-
gate to Charleston conven-
tion, 60.

Member Thirty-sixth Con-
gress, 63.

At Bull Run, 157, 158.
Richmond, evacuation of, 213.

Times, censured by General
Schofield, 485.

Riddle, Albert G., at Bull Run,
157, 158.

Account of the flight from
Bull Run, 158.
Right of search, not an Ameri-
can doctrine, 283.
England an advocate of, 283.
American position as to doc-
trine of, stated, 289, 290.
Rights of the negro, their se-
curity, 679.

Risley, Miss Olive, at dinner

given by Secretary Seward
after Trent affair, 291.
Roanoke Island occupied, Feb-
ruary, 1862, 166.
Robertson, Thomas J., elected

senator from South Caro-
lina, 504.

Robinson, James F., governor
of Kentucky, issues procla-
mation to repel E. Kirby
Smith's raid, 190.

Commanding gun-boats at
Fort Pulaski, 173.
Rollins, James Sidney, votes for
thirteenth amendment, 326.
Roman, Andre B., peace com-
missioner of the Confed-
eracy, 1861, 146.

Rosecrans, William S., at Iuka
and Stone River, 191.
Holds Chattanooga, 201.
Rowan, Stephen C., command-
ing Pawnee in expedition
against Hatteras, 1861, 164.
Commanding naval forces in
operation against Newbern,
1862, 167.

Ruffin, Thomas, member Thir-
ty-sixth Congress, 74.
Died of wounds, 93.
Runnymede, 235.

Rusk, Thomas J., senator from
Texas, 1845, 302.
Russell, Earl, course in nego-
tiations with the United
States, respecting the Paris
declaration, 270, 271.
Respecting our blockade, 1861,
273.

In correspondence on the
Trent affair, 281, 286.
Urged by Liverpool merchants
to break the blockade, 282.
Dispatch on Trent affair, 286,
287.
Rust, Albert, member Thirty-
sixth Congress from Arkan-
sas, distrustful of secession
as a remedy, 74.
Member committee of thirty-
three, 77.

Confederate general, 96.
Sketch of, 96.

Sanders, George N., his part in
the Niagara peace negotia-
tions, 317.

Sketch of, 317.
San Jacinto, the battle of, 302.

U. S. Steamship, Capt. Charles
Wilkes in command of, 276.
Santa Anna, defeated by Hous-
ton at San Jacinto, 302.
Saulsbury, Willard, senator
Thirty-sixth Congress, 71.
Sawyer, Frederick A., elected
senator from South Caro-
lina, 504.
Schenck, Robert C., urges pros-

ecution of the war, 1865, 314.
Extract from speech of, 314.
Schofield, John M., command-
ing army of the Ohio, 206.
Services in Tennessee, 1864,
209.

Appointed secretary of war,
296.

Military commander first re-
construction district, 484.
Schurz, Carl, at Chancellors-
ville, 198.

Member of the Hayes cabinet,
670.

Schofield, Glenni W., member
of House committee, 1872,
respecting difficulties in
Louisiana, 557.
Scott, Charles L., member Thir-
ty-sixth Congress, 99.
Scott, Richard K., elected gov-
ernor of South Carolina,
1868, 503.

Re-elected, 1870, 505.
Search, right of, the doctrine
advocated by England, 283.

Search, right of, denied by the
United States, 25, 261.
Sebastian, William K., senator
Thirty-sixth Congress, 71.
Expelled from Senate, 71.
Expulsion revoked, 71.
Secession, denounced by the
author in 1861, 31-34.
Theory of. 24.

Design of the movement, 51.
Distinguished from nullifica-,
tion, 53.

Doctrine of repudiated by
Calhoun, 53, 101.
Doctrine of, not in the Ken-

tucky resolutions of 179.102.
Southern views in 1861, as to
seriousness and permanen-
cy of, 65.
Doctrine of, not in the Vir-

ginia resolutions of 1798, 103.
The South Carolina declara-
tion of causes of, discussed,
109.
Protests in the Southern

States against, 121.
Question of validity of, 123.
Theories of effect of, upon sta-
tus of states. 123.

Is it war or insurrection, 145,
304.

Sympathy with, in Kentucky,

Maryland, and Missouri, 153.
In the Swiss republic, 1847,
280, 261.

From the Confederacy, right
of, mooted in the Southern
States, 313.

From the Confederacy, posi-
tion of Jefferson Davis re-
specting right of, 319.
Question of actuality of, de-
bated, 357-361.

Author's views on question of
validity of acts of, 361-364.
Invalidity of, recognized by
Congress and the supreme
court, 361.

Ordinances of, adopted and
annulled. (See ordinances
of secession.)
Ordinances of, state conven-

tions adopting. (See con-
ventions.)

Opposition to, in the South,

622.
Secret societies, 453.

In foreign countries, 476-478.
Sectional hostility, causes of,
1856, 51.

Sectionalism, consequences of,
27.
Sectional strife, stand of Re-
publican party on memories
of, 1876, 629.
Seddon, James A., Confederate
secretary of war, his rejoin-
der to Governor Brown, 305.
Sedition act of 1798, 105.
Sedgwick, Charles B., member
Thirty-sixth Congress, 91.
Honored his profession, 91.
Sedgwick, John, at Chancellors-
ville, 197.

Sedgwick, Theodore, held that

slavery was abolished by the
Massachusetts constitution
of 1780, 38.
Seizure, right of, upon the high
seas, 205-272.
Senate of worthies, 26.
Seelye, Julius H., speech in

House on counting Florida
electoral vote, 1877, 657.
Opinion of the action of elec-
toral commission, 660,

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gress, 72.

Con-

Vote in committee of thir-
teen on Jefferson Davis'
proposition, 115.
Secretary of state, 147.
Correspondence with peace
commissioners of the Con-
federacy, 147, 148.

His administration of state
department criticised, 227.
Circular of March 9, 1861,
respecting recognition of
the Southern States as a
belligerent power, 259.
Instructions of March 28,
1861, respecting foreign in-
terference, 262.

Letter, April 6, 1861, to Mr.
Corwin, minister to Mexico,
respecting foreign inter-
ference, 262, 263.

Circular of April 24, 1861, re-
specting the Declaration of
Paris, 279.
Letter to

Minister Adams,
Sept. 7, 1861, respecting the
Declaration of Paris, 271,
272.

Letter to Minister Adams,
July 21. 1861, respecting the
blockade, 273.

Speech at Auburn, Oct. 31,
1868, 274.
Tribute to, 274.

Reply to Lord Lyons, on de-
tention of British subjects
in Fort Lafayette, 282.
Could Wilkes' act in the Trent
affair be disavowed by? 283.
Author's confidence in, 285.
Vindicated the freedom of
the seas, 286.

Reply to British dispatch on
Trent affair, 287, 289.
Agrees to surrender the con-
federate commissioners, 289.
House occupied by, during
time of Trent affair, 290.
Table-talk at dinner given by,
after Trent affair, 291, 292.
Points out Captain Wilkes'
mistake in the Trent affair,
281, 288, 289.

His policy and course in the
affair of the Trent, 281, 284,
293.

The victory won by him in
the Trent affair, 292, 293.
Merits of his course in Trent
affair considered by Mr.
Sumner, 293.

Thought an amendment to
the Constitution abolishing
slavery absolutely neces-
sary, 310.

At the Hampton Roads con-
ference, 333.

Seward, William H. letter to
Minister Adams, Fet. 9. 1965.
respecting the Hampton
Roads conference, 335.
Heid states indestructible, 2
Deciares allegiance due to
states as well as to the
Union, 353.

Correspondence with Gor.
Perry respecting ratifica-

tion of thirteenth amend-
ment, 414.

Attempted murder of, 578.
Shaftesbury. Lord, action on
Trent affair, 23.
Sharkey, William L., 31.
Provisional governor of Mis-
sissippi. 389.

Biographical sketch of 329,320.
Sharpsburg, battle of, 158.
Shaw, Lemuel, member of the
Massachusetts constitution-
al convention of 1850, 586.
Shellabarger, Samuel, political
campaign, 1862, 190.
Counsel for Mr. Hayes before
electoral commission, 655
Shepley, George F., appointed
governor of Louisiana, 182,
425.

Sheridan, Philip H., 31.

Assumes command of the
fifth military district under
the reconstruction acts, 543.
Dissents from attorney-gen-
eral's interpretation of re-
construction acts, 546.
Statement of, respecting his
course as military com-
mander of the fifth district,
573.

Sherman, John, member Thir-
ty-sixth Congress, 75.
Influence upon our financial
policies, 75.

His manner, 356.

Opposes electoral commission
bill in the Senate, 649.
Member of the Hayes cabinet,
669.
Sherman, Thomas W., service
in expedition against Port
Royal, 1861, 165.
Sherman, Roger, statue of, 28.
Sherman, William T., 31.
At Vicksburg, 195.

At Arkansas Post, 195.
At Shiloh, 177.

In command army of the Ten-
nessee, 202.

Services in Mississippi, 1864,
203.

Georgia campaign, 206.
Capture of Atlanta, 207.
March to the sea, 208, 209.
March through the Carolinas,
212.

Fights Gen. J. E. Johnston at
Bentonville, 212.

Maxim on which he acted, 207.
Effect of his successes, 310.
Clemency of, in his agreement
with Johnston, 597.
Shields, James, services in Vir-
ginia, 184.

Shiloh, battle of, 177.
Sidney, Algernon, a prototype
of Jefferson, 680.
Influence of his teachings
upon our institutions, 652.
Sickles, Daniel E., member
Thirty-sixth Congress, 76.
Organizer of the Excelsior
brigade, 91.

His military and diplomatic
services, 91.

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