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my, and deprives the commander of our own in print, semi-editorially and semi-officially, furces of all the advantages which arise from withiout any suspicion of breach of confidence the secrecy of concentration and surprise-ad- in the relator. vantages which are constantly enjoyed by the These things are profitable to the newsparebels, whose press never appears to BETRAY pers that have embarked in it. It is enterprise ; them."
and enterprise always meets with reward. The General Rosecrans is an huinorist. Ho in- people want news more than they want victovites the tongue of rumor, the trumpet of com- ries. They can excuse, nay, reward, the newsmon faine, the very embodiment of gossip, the paper which betrays as a matter of business, thing which is nothing if not clamorous, to aid while they baro nothing but bottled up venhim in holding its peace--invites it. Why does geance for one that liappens to differ from them he not go forth into some of the valleys in the in matter of opinion. We confess that we have vicinity of his camp, and invito the echoes that sometimes lost all solicitude as to the fate or inhabit the neighboring hill-sides to be kind existence of petty spies and informers, retail enough to intermit their performances? We dealers in smuggled butter, revolvers, percuscan imagine them replying to his solicitations: sion, and quinine, while this huge system of If we cease to tattle, what are wo? Who will giving aid and comfort to the enemy has been know that we exist? How shall we know it going on, not only unrebuked, but encouraged ourselves? How can we? Are wo not vox pre- and applauded. terea nihil ? Take away the voice, and what General Rosecrans closes his order with a remains ?
pregnant fact. They do these things differertly General Rosecrans invites. It is time he did in secessiondom. The rebels know bettersomething more than invite. Ile and his supe- have more conscience—more love for the canse riors and predecessors should have command- in which they are engaged. Their press "nerer ed, and enforced obedience, from the day that appears to betray them.” BETRAY is the word. active operations began. Except the rebellion General Rosecrans puts it upon the right ground. itself, there has been no engine of mischief to Ile calls treason, treason. It is treason on the our cause, that will bear a comparison to the part of the Government in permitting it-on newspaper press. We have put ourselves to the part of every officer that tolerates it-on trouble about spies, arrested men that looked the part of every newspaper that embarks in suspicious, and let them go again; had visions it. Fifty millions of dollars would not compenof individuals seeking the rebel posts with let- sate for the loss that has accrued from this ters written in cipher in their pockets, or wo- practice, to-day. It has retarded the progress men with plans of camps hidden away in their of our arms, given daily encouragement to the stockings, while a thousand newspapers from insurrection, constantly served to inform the Boston to St. Louis have been each doing the rebel leaders where to strike and when to rework of an hundred spies-furnishing daily to treat, and has, in the siinple fact that it has the enemy the latest possible information of been permitted, done more to discourage friends every movement, the size and position of every of the Government, and throw a doubt upon its regiment and detachment, and the actual or ability to come up to the mighty task that lies probable policy and designs of its commanding before it, than any other circumstance that can officers. It could not but have been apparent be mentioned.
-Cincinnati Presa to every man of military capacity that the war could not be carried on in the face of this minute and persistent espionage; that it was the
Doc. 198. occasion of perpetual loss and danger; that, in fact, it was placing not only each coluinn, but
" CONFEDERATE” ACT, the cause of the Government in daily jeopardy. INCREASING TIE ARTILLERY CORPS. What have the rebels wanted of spies, when they could find daily in the columns of a New A bill entitled an Act to increase the Corps of York, Philadelphia, or Cincinnati newspaper
Artillery and for other
purposes. more reliable intelligence of the very things The Congress of the Confederate States of they wanted to know than hundreds of spies America do enact, That there be added to the could collect and transmit?
Corps of Artillery, Confederate States Army, Yet these things have been tolerated; nay, one lieutenant-colonel and two majors, with they have been encouraged. Every officer the pay and allowances authorized by existing from Commanding General to Corporal, has laws for their grades respectively. seemed to think it desirable to have the cor- Sec. 2. That the President be, and he is hererespondent of a newspaper at his elbow, to sing by authorized to appoint, in addition to the his praises, put liim right with the public, and storekeepers authorized by the fifth section of be the convenient vehicle to transmit to the the Act of May sixteen, eighteen hundred and world a knowledge of his exploits. The very sixty-one, " for the establishment and organizaCommander-in-Chief of the army invites the tion of the army of the Confederate States," as editor of a New York journal to dinner, and de- many military storekeepers of ordnance, with velops to him the entire plan of a campaign, the pay and allowances of a captain of infantry, which, on the next day, makes its appearance as the safe keeping of the public property may require, not to exceed, in all, four storekeepers, ity. Our brigade was encamped at Locust who shall, previous to entering on duty, give Lane, not less than five miles from the scene of bonds with good and sufficient security, in such action.
D. B. PHILLIPS, C. S. N., sums as the Secretary of War may direct, fully
Med. Dir, of forces under Gen, H. A. WISE, to account for all inoneys and public property which they inay receive. Seo. 3. That the President be, and he is here
Doo. 200. by authorized, whenever, in liis judgment, the GOV. ANDREW'S PROCLAMATION. interests of the service may require it, and when officers of the army cannot be assigned
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT, to these duties, to appoint one or more super: To the Citizen-Soldiers of Massachusetts :
Boston, Aug. 20, 1861. intendents of armories for the fabrication of small-arms, whose salary shall not exceed two
Again, in a moment of public danger, yonr thousand five hundred dollars per annum, with country calls you to the post where the heroic allowance for quarters and fuel, at the rate fixed soldiers of April hastened with generous alacfor a major in the army. And that the Presi
rity and sublime devotion. dent be also authorized to appoint two or more
Two regiments encamped at Lynnfield, two master armorers, with a salary not to exceed at Dedham, and one at Worcester, are yet infifteen hundred dollars per annum, with allow- completely recruited. ances of quarters and fuel at the rate tixed for
They will marclı immediately. Whether few a captain in the army.
or many, they will march, ---armed, uniformed, Seo. 4. That during the existing war, the and equipped, -on Thursday, Friday, and SatPresident may, as commander-in-chief of the
urday of the present week. forces, appoint, at his discretion, for his per: Ared men; the Eighteenth four hundred; tho
The Seventeenth regiment needs two hunsonal staff
, two aides-de-camp, with the rank, Nineteentủi three hundred and fifty; the Twenpay, and allowances of a colonel of cavalry.
Sec. 5. That hereafter there shall be allowed tieth five hundred; and the Twenty-first two one additional sergeant in each company in the hundred men, in order to fill their ranks to the Coufederate States, making in all five sergeants maximum number allowed by law. for each company, who shall receive the same
Citizen-Soldiers of Massachusetts ! Duty, pay and allowances as provided by existing honor, the dearest sentiments of patriotic love laws for that grade.
and devotion, call for your brave hearts and unconquerable arms! John A. ANDREW,
Governor and Commander-in-Chief.
GEN. MOOLELLAN'S STAFF.
HEAD-QUARTERS ARMY OF THE POTOMAC, states the following in reference to this affair :
WASHINGTON, Aug. 20, 1861. Gentlemen : In your issue of to-day I note In compliance with General Order No. 15, the subjoined Yankee telegraphic despatch : of August 17, 1861, from the head-quarters of
"CINCINNATI, August 22, 1861. the army, I hereby assume command of the “ A slårmish occurred at Hawk's Nest, in the Army of the Potomac, comprising the troops Kanawha Valley, eight miles beyond, on the serving in the former departinents of Washing20th. The Confederates, some four thousand ton and Northeastern Virginia, in the Valley strong, advanced to where the Eleventh Ohio of the Shenandoah, and in the States of Maryregiment had erected barricades, and were land and Delaware. The organization of the driven back with a loss of fifty killed and a command into divisions and brigades will be number wounded and taken prisoners. Our announced hereafter. The following-narned offiloss was only two slightly wounded and one cers are attached to the staff of the Army of missing. Our forces captured quite a number the Potomac: of horses and equipments."
Major S. Williams, assistant adjutant-general; I have just returned from General Wise's Captain Alex. V. Colburn, assistant adjutant. command, having left there on the night of the general; Col. R. B. Marcy, inspector-general; 20th, and after the skirmish was over. Our Col. T. M. Key, aide-de-camp; Capt. N. B. forces consisted of parts of three cavalry com- Swetzer, First Cavalry, aide-de-camp, Captain panies, amounting to about one hundred nien, Edward McK. Hudson, Fourteenth Infantry, and the enemy numbered at least six hundred. aide-de-camp; Captain L. A. Williams, Tenth Colonel Croghan, of our brigade, drove the en- infantry, aide-de-camp; Major A. J. Myers, sigemy back to Hawk's Nest, taking two prison- nal officer; Major Stewart Van Vleit, chief ers, and doing other damage not known at the quartermaster; Captain H. F. Clarke, chief time of my departure. Our loss was one killed commissary; Surgeon C. S. Tripler, medical and three wounded. General Wise was pres- director; Major J. G. Barnard, chief engineer; ent during the action, and as cool and self-pos- Major J. M. Macoinb, chief topographical ensessed as though no enemy were in the vicin- gineer; Captain Charles P. Kingsbury, chief
of Ordnance; Brig.-Gen. George Stoneham, 1 bazards to destroy the Government which, for Volunteer service, chief of Cavalry; Brig.-Gen. eighty years, bas defended our rights, and W. S. Barry, Volunteer service, chief of Artil- given us a name among the nations. Contrary lery.
George B. MCCLELLAN, to your interests and your wishes, they have
brought war upon your soil. Their tools and
the only means to insure peace; that unless Doc. 202.
you did so, hordes of abolitionists would overPROCLAMATION OF GOV. CURTIN. run you, plunder your property, steal your
slaves, seize upon your lands, and hang all Pennsylvania 88., A. G. Curtin, Gorernor : those who opposed them.
In the name and by the authority of the By these and other atrocious falsehoods they Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Andrew G. alarmed you, and led many honest and unsusCurtin, Governor of the said Commonwealth, pecting citizens to vote for secession. Neither A Proclamation to the freemen of the Common- threats, nor fabrications, nor intimidations sufwealth of Pennsylvania :
ficed to carry Western Virginia against the inWashington is again believed to be in dan- terest and wishes of its people, into the arms ger. The President has made an earnest appeal
of secession. for all the men that can be furnished to be sent Enraged that you dared to disobey their beforward without delay. If Pennsylvania now
hests, Eastern Virginians, who had been accusputs forth her strength, the hords of hungry tomed to rule you and count your votes, and rebels may be swept down to the latitudes ambitious recreants from among yourselves, where they belong. "If she falters, the seat of disappointed that you would not make good tumults, disorder, and rapine may be trans- their promises, have conspired to tie you to the ferred to her own soil. Let every man so act desperate fortunes of the Confederacy, or drive that he will not be ashamed to look at his you from your homes. mother, his wife, or sisters.
Between submission to them and subjugation In this emergency it devolves upon me to call or expulsion, they leave you no alternative. upon all commanders of companies to report You say you do not wish to destroy the old immediately to the head-quarters of the Com-Government, under which you liave lived so monwealth, at Harrisburg that means may be long and peacefully; they say you shall break provided for their immediate transportation, the United States, they reply you shall join the
You say you wish to remain citizens of with the men under their commands.
The three-months volunteers, whose dis- Southern Confederacy, to which the Richmond charge has so weakened the army, are urged by junta has transferred you, and to carry their every consideration of feeling, duty, and patri- will, their Jenkins, Wise, Jackson, and other otism, to resume their arms at the call of their conspirators proclaim upon your soil a relentcountry, and aid the other men of Pennsylva- less and neighborhood war; their misguided nia in quelling the traitors.
and unprincipled followers re-echo their cry, Given under my hand and the great seal of threatening fire and sword, hanging and espul. the State, at Harrisburg, this 20th day of Au. sion, to all who oppose their arbitrary designs. gust, in the year of our Lord 1861, and of the They have set neighbor against neighbor, and Commonwealth the eighty-sixth.
friend against friend; they have introduced Eu Slicer, Secretary of the Commonwealth.
among you warfare only known among savages. In violation of the laws of nations and human
ity, they have proclaimed that private citizens Doc. 203.
may and ought to make war.
Under this bloody code, peaceful citizens, ADDRESS OF GENERAL ROSECRANS.
unarmed travellers, and single soldiers bare been shot down, and even the wounded and
defenceless have been killed; scalping their In consequence of the perversions of the victims is all that is wanting to make their Disunionists in Western Virginia, and to satisfy warfare like that which, seventy or eighty constant application for information upon points years ago, was waged by the Indians against discussed in the premises, Gen. Rosecrans is the white race on thi very ground. You have sued the following proclamation :
no alternative left you but to unite as one man HEAD-QUARTERS ARMY OF OCCUPATION, WESTERN
} VIRGINIA, CLARKSBURG, Aug. 20, 1861.
in the defence of your honies, for the restora
tion of law and order, or be subjugated or exTo the Loyal Inhabitants of Western Virginia:- pelled from the soil.
You are the vast majority of the people. If I therefore earnestly exhort you to take the the principle of self-government is to be re- most prompt and vigorous measures to put a spected, you have a right to stand in the posi- stop to neighborhood and private wars; you tion you have assumed, faithful to the Constitu- must remember that the laws are suspended in tion and laws of Virginia, as they were before Eastern Virginia, which has transferred itself the ordinance of secession.
to the Southern Confederacy. The old ConstiThe Confederates have determined at all I tution and laws of Virginia are only in force in
TO THE PEOPLE OF WESTERN VIRGINIA.
Western Virginia. These laws you must main- | sides, and for the maintenance of the rights, tain.
dignity, and honor of Missouri. Let every citizen, without reference to past It is kept in the field for these purposes political opinions, unite with his neighbors to alone, and to aid in accomplishing them, our keep those laws in operation, and thus prevent gallant Southern brethren have come into our the country from being desolated by plunder State with these. We have just achieved a and violence, whether committed in the naine glorious victory over the foe, and scattered far of Secessionisın or Unionism.
and wide the well-appointed arnıy which the I conjure all those who have hitherto advo- usurper at Washington has been more than six cated the doctrine of secessionism, as a political months gathering for your subjugation and enopinion, to consider that now its advocacy slavement. means war against the peace and interests of This victory frees a large portion of the State Western Virginia; it is an invitation to the from the powers of the invaders, and restores Southern Confederates to come in and subdue it to the protection of its army. It consequentyou, and proclaims that there can be no law ly becomes my duty to assure you that it is my nor right until this is done.
firm determination to protect every peaceable My mission among you is that of a fellow- citizen in the full enjoyment of all his right, citizen, charged by the Government to expel whatever may have been his sympathies in the the arbitrary force which domineered over you, present unhappy struggle, if he has not taken an to restore that law and order of which you active part in the cruel warfare, which has been have been robbed, and to maintain your right waged against the good people of this State, by to govern yourselves under the Constitution the ruthless enemies whom we have just deand laws of the United States.
feated. To put an end to the savage war waged by I therefore invite all good citizens to return individuals, who, without warrant of military to their homes and the practice of their ordiauthority, lurk in the bushes and waylay mes- nary avocations, with the full assurance that sengers, or shoot sentries, I shall be obliged to they, their families, their homes, and their hold the neighborhood in which these outrages property shall be carefully protected. I, at are committed as responsible, and, unless they the same time, warn all evil-disposed persons, raise the hue and cry and pursue the offenders, who may support the usurpations of any one deal with them as accessories to the crime. claiming to be provisional or temporary Gov
Unarmed and peaceful citizens shall be pro- ernor of Missouri, or who shall in any other way tected, the rights of private property respected, give aid or comfort to the enemy, that they and only those who are found enemies of the will be held as enemies, and treated accordGovernment of the United States, and the peace ingly.
Sterling Price, of Western Virginia, will be disturbed. Of
Maj.-Gen. Commanding M. 8. G. these I shall require absolute certainty that they will do no mischief. Put a stop to needless arrests and the spread
Doc. 205. of malicious reports. Let each town and dis
CONFEDERATE THANKS trict choose five of its most reliable and energetic citizens a Committee of Public Safety, to
TO GEN. M'CULLOCH AND HIS COMMAND. act in concert with the civil and military au- The following resolution was introduced into thorities, and be responsible for the preservation the rebel Congress on the 21st of August by of peace and good order.
Mr. Ochiltree, of Texas, and was passed unaniOitizens of Western Virginia, your fate is mously : mainly in your own hands. If you allow your- Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God to selves to be trampled under foot by hordes of vouchsafe to the arms of the Confederate States disturbers, plunderers, and murderers, your another glorious and important victory in a land will become a desolation. If you stand portion of the country where a reverse would firm for law and order, and maintain your have been disastrous, by exposing the families rights, you may dwell together peacefully and of the good people of the State of Missouri to happily as in former days. W. S. RoSEORANS, the unbridled license of the brutal soldiery of Brig.-Gen. Commanding A. O. W. v.
an unscrupulous enemy; therefore, be it
Resolreid by the Congress of the Confederate
States, That the thanks of Congress are corDoc. 204.
dially tendered to Brig.-Gen. Ben. McCulloch, PROCLAMATION OF STERLING PRICE. and the officers and soldiers of his brave com
mand, for their gallant conduct in defeating, JEFFERSON CITY, August 20.
after a battle of six and a half hours, a force of The following proclamation has been re- the enemy equal in numbers, and greatly supeceived here:
rior in all their appointments, thus proving that To the People of Missouri :
a right cause nerves the hearts and strengthens Fellow.citizens : The army under my com- the arms of the Southern people, fighting, as mand has been organized under the laws of the they are, for their liberty, their homes, and State for the protection of your hones and fire- friends, against an unholy despotism.
Resolted, That in the opinion of Congress, i Danville Artillery, Colonel William B. TaliaGeneral McCulloch and his gailant troops are ferro's Twenty-third regiment, Colonel Jackentitled to, and will receive the grateful thanks son's regiment, Colonel Fulkerson's Thirty-sevof our people.
enth regiment, and the Georgia regiment, Col. Resolred, That the foregoing resolutions be Ramsey, and a small battalion under Colonel communicated to that cominand by the proper Hansborough, all under the immediate charge department.
of General Garnett, was forced to take the only route left us. We had proceeded on the road
mentioned above for thirty-six miles, without Doc. 206.
eating or sleeping, except a short halt about U.S. EXECUTIVE GOVERNMENT, 1861–65. mid-day, until Saturday morning, when our ABRAHAM LINCOLN, of III., President.
cavalry came rapidly to the rear division, and HANNIBAL HAMlin, of Me., Vice-President.
informed us of the rapid approach of the eneSecretary of State.-William H. Seward, of my. Not being in a condition to stand an enN. Y.
gagement, our little army moved on, but had Secretary of Treasury.-Salmon P. Chase, of not gone far before a halt was ordered, and the Ohio.
Georgia regiment, which had hitherto been in Secretary of Interior.—Caleb B. Smith, of the advance, was directed to make a stand Indiana.
against the advance guard of the enemy, which
they did, taking a position in a low meadow, Secretary of Nary.-Gideon Welles, of Conn.
just across Cheat River, a portion of the comSecretary of War.-Simon Cameron, of Penn.
mand taking to the woods for the purpose of Attorney-General.-Edward Bates, of Mo. P. 1. General.-Montgomery Blair, of Mo.
an ambuscade. The enemy advanced on them and gave them battle, without, however, killing any one; but they succeeded in cutting off
from the main body six companies, who have Doc. 207.
since made their way through the mountain BATTLE OF CARRICK'S FORD. and joined their coinmand.
The retreat was then continued, and now RICHMOND “DISPATCH NARRATIVE.
our sufferings commenced in earnest. Col. MCDOWELL, HIGHLAND COUNTY, July 23d, 1861. Taliaferro liad command of the rear division I have no doubt you have received various nearly the whole retreat, and had to sustain the and numerous reports of the movements of the hardest part of the work, the balance of the troops of General Garnett's command since I force being far in adrance. last wrote you, and I now merely write to give We kept on in this way until we had come to a true and accurate statement of the retreat and Carrick's Ford of the Cheat River, where we death of General Garnett-a statement which I found that our wagons had become stalled and defy any one to question, and to which those overturned in the river, and where they had to high in authority will willingly subscribe. I be left at the mercy of the enemy. would have given you tho particulars before, Lieut. Lanier's Washington Artillery and but having board and severe duty to perform, I Colonel Taliaferro's Twenty-third regiment had was not able to do so.
no sooner crossed than they were ordered to We had been skirmishing with the enemy a give the enemy battle, and our forces were week at Laurel Hill, when, on Thursday even- marched in double-quick tim, to meet the Yaning, 11th July, we received an order from Gen. kees. We soon took our position, and had Garnett to prepare provisions for a two days' hardly taken it, when the advance of the enemarch, shortly after which we were directed my came upon us. Col. Taliaferro gave the to strike our tents, and took up our line of command orders to fire, when Lieut. Lanier march for Beverly, a distance of sixteen miles, and the Twenty-third opened on them, and for which place we came within three miles of, ah hour raked them down like chaff, and twice when we found that a very formidable blockade they were forced to retreat; but having so had been crected, which we could not pass, many troops, they were soon reinforced, not, and, therefore, had to march back on the routo however, until they had lost over three hunwe had previously come, to a road that led to dred and fifty killed, and how many wounded the northeast, towards St. George, in Tucker we are unable to say. Our loss in tliis engageCounty, which we entered early in the morn- ment was fourteen killed and about twenty ing. (Here I would state, in the way of pa- wounded. So anxions were our troops to keep renthesis, that it was the object of General G. up the fire, that Col. T. had to give the comto form a connection with Colonels Pegram and mand orders to retire several times before he Heck, who were stationed at Rich Mountain, could get the troops to leave the field. and move on Cheat Mountain, via Huttonsville; After this engagement, we had to doublebut the enemy, it seems, cut us off, and got be- quick it for four miles before we came up with tween the two commands, and had our small the remainder of the army. Immediately after force almost completely surrounded.) Thus, this battle, and in a half mile of it, General you will see, our command, coinposed of four Garnett in person was on the river bank, and companies of cavalry, Captain Shoemaker's halted the regiment, and detached the sharp