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not one of the most pleasant for contemplation them. Lient. Tillotson, of the Naval Brigade, in the present state of affairs.
in charge of our 32-pounder upon one of the Capt. Louther's company were now put in launches, then sighted the piece accurately and command of a bridge near by, while Capt. White sent a concussion shell into their very midst. was sent across with his as skirmishers in the The rebels then scattered into the woods. Our adjacent woods and fields about. Scarcely had men upon the boats discharged their muskets the movement been made, when a negro woman into the woods, and the pickets having been came running down with the intelligence that taken on board, and several shots given from the rebel troops were advancing rapidly toward Tillotson's gun, Capt. Crosby again gave the them from Temperanceville, about five miles order to retreat and the expedition floated further inland. The alarm, she said, had spread, down the river. The Fanny Cadwallader was and all the country around was aroused. Not found some distance below run aground, and many minutes after the crack of rifles upon all efforts to get her off were for a time unCapt. White's pickets announced the presence availing. She was near the shore, and had the of the rebels. Our men quickly collected to-enemy known the circumstances, they could gether, and commenced firing in return. The not have found a more favorable opportunity enemy were scattered about firing with rifles for attacking the expedition, and would cerfrom behind the fences and haystacks, or under tainly have sunk the boat aground and scatcover of the woods around the open field where tered the fleet, had they come in season. our troops had formed. As soon as Capt. In a short time the order was given by Capt. White's men were in rank, he marched them Crosby to throw her coal overboard. Several out under the open fire and directly toward the of the men were detailed for the purpose, and locality whence the shots came thickest, load- commenced the speedy execution of the order. ing and firing as they went. Four of the ene- The Fanny was then attached to the Fanny my had been killed, when they were gathered Cadwallader, and had scarcely succeeded, after up by the rebels, who fled precipitately. One much effort, in getting her off, when Capt. squad, numbering about fifteen, was chased at White, who was again ashore with pickets, saw least half a mile, and our men were pressing on movements in the woods and a large white intending to pursue them to Temperanceville, wagon approaching, guarded by several solwhen Capt. Orosby overtook them with the diers. The picket fell back to the boats. A order, “Make the best of your way back to few moments afterward a shot from a rebel the fort as soon as possible!”. Not one of howitzer was sent whirling toward the launch our inen had been even wounded. The charge which bore Tillotson's gun, and a shower of that had been made by them was a splendid musket and rifle balls fell among the boats. one, and not a single soldier of ours showed Tillotson_answered the fire bravely and effecany thing but bravery. The credit of the affair tively. The action continued briskly for about belongs to Capt. White and his company, and fifteen minutes, the rebels firing from behind a to Lieut. Ryan, who rushed on bravely at the sand battery and the trees. Their aim, howhead of about fourteen of the Naval Brigade. ever, was much too high and none of their Lieut. Ryan had a Sharpe's rifle, and with it shots scarcely but fell beyond. Some of the shot one of the rebels down deliberately. The rifle balls struck the smoke-stacks of the steamFederal troops took a number of muskets, caps, ers, and quite a number of bullets marked the pieces of uniforms, &c., and had it not been for upper parts of the boats. Not one of our men, the order to retreat would have captured a so far as I am able to learn, was injured. The large number of prisoners. I may here say rebels had two howitzers playing mostly on that the uniform of Lieut. Crossly is made the launch, where Tillotson kept up a heavy of coarse Kentucky jeans, green facings, and fire, finally dismounting one piece, and, for a trimmed with the ' sic semper tyrannis" but-time, silencing the other. Capt. Crosby gave tons. In the afternoon, after the retreat down the order to retreat, and at the same instant Pocomoke River, they took a prize schooner, the rebels gave Tillotson a shell. He again and early the following morning the fleet start- fired, and the launch commenced the retreat ed for Cherrystone Creek. Arriving at the Again and again he fired in answer to the gun wharf at the mouth of the river, they found upon shore, as his boat moved off, until at last the schooner Passenger. Her captain is also she was silenced. Tillotson, after the action captain of the Cherrystone Guards, a company closed, received three loud, long, and hearty of rebel troops who rendezvous in the vicinity. cheers for his bravery, and the expedition then They removed a number of things from the moved off toward the fortress, where it arrived schooner, and then fired her and another lying early this morning. The last engagement ocnear. They then placed a picket line along the curred at about 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon shore. Scarcely ten minutes afterward a cloud and continued more than half an hour. of dust was seen up the road, and then a col The prize schooner taken at Pocomoke River umn of bayonets gleaming in the early sun- now lays in the harbor. She is a trim-rigged light. A moment afterward a ball from a little craft, and it is regretted by our men that heavy gun came whizzing down the road, and she was not as well stored as built. struck in the water a very little distance from
-N. Y. World, August 7.
Doo, 163. TEMPERANCE IN THE ARMY. CLAIBORNE JAOKSON'S DECLARATION RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED AT THE MEETING HELD IN OF THE INDEPENDENCE OF THE STATE OF MISNEW YORK, AUGUST 4.
SOURI. AUGUST 5, 1861. 1. Resolved, That, in the present solemn and In the exercise of the right reserved to the momentous condition of our country, our army people of Missouri by the treaty under which is our glory and defence, and that in this, es- the United States acquired the temporary dopecially in our noble volunteers, our sons and minion of the country west of the Mississippi brothers, habitually obedient to all the moral River, in trust for the several sovereign States and physical laws of their being, we have the afterward to be formed out of it, that people greatest confidence. Our prayer is that, amid did, on the twelfth day of June, one thousand all the temptations and trials of camp life, they eight hundred and twenty, "mutually agree to may be kept unharmed and uncorrupted, and form and establish a free and independent rethat, when their term of service is over, they public by the name of the State of Missouri.” may return like the army of Cromwell, to be a On the tenth day of August, eighteen hundred blessing and not a curse to their country. and twenty-one, the State was duly admitted
2. Resolved, That we rejoice in the recent into the Union of the United States of Ameract of Congress, imposing a heavy penalty upon ica, under the compact called the Constitution all in the District who sell to the soldiers in- of the United States, and "on equal footing with toxicating liquors; also in the prompt and the original States in all respects whatever." energetic regulations of our youthful com- The freedom, independence, and sovereignty mander, to preserve our troops from the snares of Missouri, and her equality with the other of the grog-shops. The nation will approve of States of the Union, were thus guaranteed not the severest action in every military district, only by that Constitution, but by the laws of toward such as for gain will debauch the army. nations requiring the sacred observance of
3. Resolved, That the secret transmission of treaties. liquors to the soldiers in camp, in packages of In repeated instances, the Government and home comforts, by misguided friends, is as mis- people of the States now remaining in that chievous and deadly as it is dishonorable and Union have grossly violated, in their conduct base, and should receive universal reprobation. toward the people and State of Missouri, both
4. Resolved, That in our intense anxiety for the Constitution of the United States and that friends and brothers, we can never be at ease of Missouri, as well as the general, great, and while they are liable to be led into battle by essential principles of liberty and free governdrunken officers; and we invoke Congress at ment. Their President, Abraham Lincoln, in once to pass a law which shall discharge every avowed defiance of law and the Constitution officer at the first conviction, whether in battle of the United States, and under the tyrant's or on any other occasion.
plea of necessity, has assumed to regulate com6. Resolved, That we most deeply sympathize merce with foreign nations and among the sevwith our patriotic soldiers in all their hard- eral States, stopping by violence our trade with ships and sufferings, and would do all in our our Southern neighbors, and depriving our citipower to alleviate them; yet as we know that zens of the right secured to them by a special, in war intemperance often slays more than the solemn compact with the United States, to the sword, as science and observation prove that free navigation of the Mississippi River. He the severest toils are borne better without than has usurped powers granted exclusively to with intoxicating drinks, and the severest Congress, in declaring war against the Conwounds are easier healed, and as we know federate States; to carry on this unholy atthat the drunkard, whether dying in battle or tempt to reduce a free people into slavish subcoming home a burden to his family, is ruined jection to him, he has, in violation of the Confor time and eternity, wo do most earnestly stitution, raised and supported arınies, and proexhort all our patriotic and self-denying troops, vided and maintained a navy. officers, and common soldiers, at once to abjure Regardless of the right reserved to the States all intoxicating drinks, often composed of the respectively, of training the militia and apmost destructive materials, and by one simul- pointing its officers, he has enlisted and armed, taneous effort banish intemperance forever contrary to law, under the name of Home from the national army; and we do rejoice in Guards, whole regiments of men, foreigners the effort now made to supply each regiment and others, in our State, to defy the constituwith a thousand appropriate tracts, exhorting tional authorities and plunder and murder our every soldier to beware of the bottle, to sign citizens. By armed force and actual bloodthe Ellsworth pledge, and become his own shed he has even attempted to deprive the master. This effort we will give not only our people of their right to keep and bear arms, in good wishes, but our substantial support. conformity to the State laws, and to form a
well-regulated militia necessary to the security of a free State. With his sanction his soldiers
have been quartered in houses without the Declaration, it was hoped that the rights consent of the owners_thereof, and without therein asserted would not be denied to her any authority of law. The right of the people people. to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, Her authorities also relied on the clause in and effects, against unreasonable searches and the very Constitution with which she was adseizures, has been habitually and grossly vio- mitted into the Union, asserting as one of the lated by his officers, acting under his orders. general, great, and essential principles of liberHe has utterly ignored the binding force of our ty and free government, " that the people of constitutional State laws, and carried his inso- this State have the inherent, sole, and exclusive lence to such an extent' as to introduce, from right of regulating the internal government and other States, free negroes into our midst, and police thereof, and of altering and abolishing place them in positions of authority over our their Constitution and form of Government white citizens.
whenever it may be necessary to their safety He has enconraged the stealing of our slave and happiness." But this military commander property. In these and other proceedings the haughtily refused the consent of his GovernGovernment and people of the Northern States ment to the exercise by us of these rights, have unmistakably shown their intention to which our ancestors in the last century enoverturn the social institutions of Missouri, and dured an eight years' war to vindicate. He reduce her white citizens to an equality with but expressed, however, the deliberate purpose the blacks. In the execution of his despotic of his masters at Washington and the people wishes his agents, without even rebuke from over which they rule; for his predecessor at him, have exhibited a brutality scarcely cred- St. Louis had, a few weeks before, formally ible of a nation pretending to civilization. proclaimed to our people that our equality with Even women and children of tender age have the other States would be ignored; that we fallen victims to the unbridled license of his should be held in subjection to the North, even unfeeling soldiery. He has avowedly under though the independence of our Southern sister taken to make the civil power subordinate to States might be acknowledged ; that, to use the military; and with the despicable and his own words, “whatever may be the termicowardly design of thus protecting himself and nation of the unfortunate condition of things his accomplices, by binding the consciences of in respect to the so-called cotton States, Misthe unhappy victims of his tyranny, he lias ex- souri must share the destiny of the Union;" acted from peaceful citizens, guilty of no crime, that the free will of her people shall not decide an oath to support his detestable government. her future, but that “the whole power of the To crush out even peaceful and lawful opposi- Government of the United States, if necessary, tion to it, he has forcibly and unconstitution will be exerted to maintain Missouri in the ally suspended the privilege of the writ of Union," in subjection to the tyranny of the habeas corpus, and abridged the freedom of North. speech and of the press by subjecting innocent The acts of President Lincoln have been citizens to punishment for mere opinion's sake, endorsed by the Congress and people of the and by preventing the publication of news- Northern States, and the war thus commenced papers independent enough to expose his trea- by him has been made the act of the Governson to liberty.
ment and nation over which he rules. They These manifold and inhuman wrongs were have not only adopted this war, but they have long submitted to in patience, and almost in gone to the extreme of inciting portions of our humility, by the people of Missouri and their people to revolt against the State authorities; authorities. Even when the conduct of the by intimidation they have obtained control of Lincoln Government had culminated in an open the remnant left of a Convention deriving its war upon us, those authorities offered to its powers from those authorities, and using it as military commander in Missouri to refer to the a tool, they have through it set up an insurrecpeople of the State for decision of the question tionary government in open rebellion against of our separation from a government and na- the State. No alternative is left us; we must tion thus openly hostile to us. Those author- draw the sword and defend our sacred rights. ities relied on the principles consecrated in the By the recognized universal public law of all Declaration of Independence of the United the earth, war dissolves all political compacts. States, that, to secure the rights of citizens, Our forefathers gave as one of their grounds “governments are instituted among men, de- for asserting their independence, that the King riving their just powers from the consent of of Great Britain had * abdicated government the governed; that, whenever any form of here by declaring us out of his protection, and government becomes destructive of these ends, waging war upon us.” The people and Gorit is the right of the people to alter or abolish ernment of the Northern States of the late it, and to institute a new government, laying Union have acted in the same manner toward its foundation on such principles and organiz- Missouri, and have dissolved, by war, the coning its powers in such form as to them shall nection heretofore existing between her and seem most likely to effect their safety and hap- them. piness." Missouri having an admitted equality The General Assembly of Missouri, the rewith the original States which had made this cognized political department of her govern
ment, by an act approved May 10, 1861, enti- | the same county. They will all be taken before tled, “ An act to authorize the Governor of the General Banks this afternoon, and held. The State of Missouri to suppress rebellion and re- horses are of the finest Virginia stock, and are pel invasion,” has vested in the Governor, in considered quite a prize. The prisoners will all respect to the rebellion and invasion now car- be well treated, and profess to be good Union ried on in Missouri by the Government and men. This is reliable, and will relieve the dulpeople of the Northern States and their allies, ness of the war news for the last few days.-X. the authority to take such measures as in his
-Baltimore American, August 6. judgment he may deem necessary or proper to repel such invasion or put down such rebel
The following is a copy of the report of lion.
Colonel John O. Starkweather, of the First Now, therefore, by virtue of the authority regiment Wisconsin Volunteers, relative to in me vested by said act, I, Claiborne F. Jack the operations which preceded the affair opposon, Governor of the State of Missouri, appeal- site Point of Rocks to-day, August 5: ing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the
HEAD-QUARTERS FIRST REGIMENT W. V., rectitude of my intentions, and firmly believing
CAMP STARKWEATHER, August 3, 1861. that I am herein carrying into effect the will Major Robert Williams, A. A. G., Harper's of the people of Missouri, do hereby, in their Ferry: name, by their authority, and on their behalf, DEAR SIR: In compliance with my orders and subject at all times to their free and un- Messrs. Clark, Stone, Bennett, and Allen, of biased control, make and publish this pro- Companies E and F, Wisconsin Volunteers, visional declaration, that by the acts, and peo- crossed the Potomac, at Edwards' Ferry, with ple, and Government of the United States of a skiff, on the 1st instant, at about four o'clock, America, the political connection heretofore and concealed themselves until morning, in existing between said States and the people order to examine fully the ford and other surand government of Missouri is, and ought to roundings. Having secured the information be, totally dissolved ; and that the State of that the enemy's pickets remained there in Missouri, as a sovereign, free, and independent force only during the night, and upon making republic, has full power to levy war, conclude the examination necessary, they were fired into peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, by a large body of the enemy, whose fire they and to do all other acts and things which inde- returned, retreating slowly to their boat, and pendent States may of right do.
recrossing the stream without any casualty on Published and declared at New Madrid, Mis- our side. The firing was so close to the ferry souri, this fifth day of August, in the year of house that the same was by some chance set on our Lord eighteen hundred and sixty-one. fire, and, with the barn immediately adjoining,
CLAIBORNE F. JACKSON, burned to the ground. The same had been
and security by the enemy, and from which Doc. 164.
their skirmish firing was generally conducted.
On the following morning, at about eleven SKIRMISH NEAR POINT OF ROCKS, MD. o'clock, the enemy's pickets having been re
ported gone, W. H. Langworthy and J. J. BERLIN, Md., August 5, 1861. Smith, of Company E, Wisconsin regiment of Messrs. EDITORS : You will please announce Volunteers, and Wm. Moore, of Company C, in your morning paper that a sharp skirmish Wisconsin Volunteers
, again crossed, in order took place this morning opposite the Point of to complete the examinations, and when about Rocks, in Virginia. A detachment of sixty concluded, they were surrounded and attacked men of the Twenty-eighth regiment of New by twelve of the enemy's troops, in a most York Volunteers, stationed at our place, under daring and impetuous manner. My own, howthe command of Lieutenant-Colonel Brown, ever, fell back behind the trees, after first crossed the river at this place last night and clearing their way, where they remained skirmarched through the county, and came on a mishing with the enemy for some time, and party of cavalry of Captain Mead's company, finally by a preconcerted signal they made a of the Confederate army, opposite the Point of charge upon the enemy, routing them comRocks.
pletely, killing three and wounding one. They The Colonel, with his party, came on them then retreated to their boat, and recrossed, about sunrise, and ordered them to halt, which being protected by our troops, who had adwas not obeyed, and they fired on them and vanced to the water's edge on this side for such killed three, wounded two, and took twenty purpose. W. H. Langworthy was wounded by horses, with their equipments, and seven pris- a musket ball passing through his side. He is, oners. They brought them into camp this however, around to-day the same as usual. No morning about ten o'clock, without getting a other casualties. They are entitled to great man hurt. Among the killed is George Orri- praise for their daring and courage in making son, of Loudon County. Among the prisoners these reconnoissances, and for the good genare a son of Mrs. Dawson, one Mr. Drane, of l eralship displayed in attacking and routing an
VOL. II.--Doc. 38
enemy so superior in numbers. It is one of squall came up, and it continued with such those Spartan feats that I trust the department severity for a while we could not see the length will take notice of.
of our ship ahead of us. For fear of grounding I am, with respect, yours to command, we lessened our speed, and eventually stopped
JOHN O. STARKWEATHER, altogether, remaining so until the squall had Colonel First Regiment Wisconsin Volunteers. passed. Much to our chagrin we then saw the
Sumter a very great distance ahead of us, and
going through the water like a witch; we conDoo. 165.
tinued the chase, but she slowly increased the THE ESCAPE OF THE SUMTER. distance between us, it being a dead calm after
the squall, and we could not use our sails. Had UNITED STATES STEAM-SLOOP BROOKLYN, OFF MOUTH OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER,
our vessel been in as good a condition as she Wednesday, July 10, 1861. was at the commencement of this cruise, instead SUNDAY last, the 7th inst., as the following of the miserable state she is now in, we could will vividly show, was a day pregnant with have caught her easily under steam alone. misfortune for us. It was then the pirate Sum- Still we kept on, and at four P. M. we were ter escaped us, and that, too, by our own in- gladdened by the wind coming around fair, and judicious management. Now, as there is the freshening every moment. greatest probability that this steamer, manned, We made all sail, until the masts cracked and as she is, by a band of cutthroats, will capture, groaned under their burden, and we were rerob, and sink, or burn some of our merchant warded by the fact that we were rapidly gainvessels, laden with valuable cargoes, I imagine ing upon the Sumter, which caused us to feel it will be nothing more than fair if the manner elated, as we argued it would be a "nice job" of her escape is put upon record in your jour- if we could succeed in trapping the pirate. nal; so here goes: At daybreak on the morning Suddenly, at this juncture of affairs and the of Sunday, the lookout discovered a vessel in very turning point in our favor, Captain Poor the offing, acting very suspiciously, and leading ordered the ship to put about, to abandon the us to believe that she would run the blockade chase, and return to our anchorage. Amazeif an opportunity was given her. We duly got ment was depicted upon the countenance of under way and went in pursuit of her. She every man on board, and as a matter of course kept standing off, and led us a merry chase of the greatest and most bitter indignation presome fifteen miles from our anchorage; but vailed because of this action. It was so unfinally overhauling her, we found her to be an called for, so inexplicable, that wonder and English bark in ballast from some port in Spain, scorn were the predominant feelings maniand bound for New Orleans. We warned her fested. Again, it was the opinion of every man not to attempt to enter.
on board our ship that it was our imperative During this chase it was reported to our duty to follow this pirate to the lower regions, Captain that, taking advantage of our absence if necessary for her capture, and let the block from Pass l'Outre, a steamer was making its ade go, for the damage this one piratical vessel way down the river with terrific speed. Instead will do to our commerce, if let alone, will be of continuing to follow the confounded old incalculable. bark, upon the reception of such important in The Sumter, it is reported, carries nine guns telligence, we should have ignored her pres- of large calibre, some two hundred men, and is ence, and, instantly putting about, hastened very fast. She is the propeller Habana, her back to the river with all possible speed, for it name afterwards changed to Alfonzo, built in had been universally known for a long time 1857 by Messrs. C. H. & W. M. Crump, of that the secession man-of-war steamer Sumter Philadelphia. Her dimensions are as follows: was lying at the head of the Pass, awaiting an Length, on deck, one hundred and eighty feet; opportunity to pass us and escape, that she breadth of beam, thirty feet; depth of hold, ten might be at large upon the high seas, to plunder feet; draught of water, pine feet six inches; and murder indiscriminately. But no! our five hundred tons burthen. Thus it will be obCaptain did not seem to discern the necessity served that with the large crew and heavy guns of such an action, but kept our vessel steaming she is reported to have, she will prove a most on until
, overtaking the bark, he simply ordered formidable privateer. her off, as stated above. 'Tis true in doing this Our very discreet Captain (that is, he thinks we were performing our duty to the very let himself such, but a great many others do not) ter; but it was of minor importance when disregarded all advice from his officers, and, incompared to the interception of a vessel noto- trenching himself behind his official position, riously a pirate.
would not venture an explanation or an excuse When we returned, it was reported to us that for his action, but deliberately returns to the the Sumter had already succeeded in crossing blockade, and lets the pirate run, to destroy the bar, and at this moment our Captain, as if millions of dollars' worth of property; whereas awakening from sleep, ordered us to carry all the raising of the blockade for a few days would the steam possible and crowd on all sail, and have amounted, comparatively, to nothing. start in pursuit of the fugitive. This order had And further, it was only after the repeated rehardly been carried into effect when a terrible I quests and urgings of all the officers that Capt.