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ing, ten thousand strong, and after a four hours' | same service, in his present command, which fight were repulsed by seven thousand Confed- will in future be called the Department of erates under Gen. Bonham, and retired toward Maryland, head-quarters at Baltimore. Upon Alexandria.

being relieved by Major-General Dix, MajorGeneral Barks will proceed to the Valley of

Virginia, and assume command of the army Doo. 105.

now under Major-General Patterson, when that WAR DEPARTMENT ORDER. Department will be called the Department of

the Shenandoah, head-quarters in the field. War DEPARTMENT, ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OFFICE, WASHINGTON, July 19, 1861.

3. The following-named general officers will 1. BREVET Second-LIEUTENANT CLARENCE

be honorably discharged upon the expiration of Derrick, Corps of Engineers, Brevet Second- their terms of service, as set hereinafter oppoLieutenant James P. Parker, Fourth Infantry, site their respective names, viz. : and Brevet Second-Lieutenant Frank A. Rey

New York State Militia-Major-General Sannolds, Second Dragoons, members of the class ford, August 18, 1861. just graduated at West Point, having tendered

New Jersey Volunteers-Brigadier-General their resignations in the face of the enemy, are Theo. Runyon, July 30, 1861. dismissed from the service of the United States, Cox, July 30, 1861. Brigadier-General N.

Ohio Volunteers-Brigadier-General J. D. to date from the 16th inst.

2. Military Storekeeper and Paymaster, Den-Schlesh, July 30, 1861. Brigadier-General J. nis Murphy, Ordnance Department, is hereby N. Bates, August 27, 1861. dismissed from the army.

Indiana Volunteers-Brigadier-General T. A. 3. Officers mustering in troops will be care- Morris, July 27, 1861. ful that men from one company or detachment

4. Surgeons of brigades rank &s surgeons are not borrowed for the occasion to swell the only. ranks of others about to be mustered. In fu 5. Officers mustering out volunteers will ture no volunteer will be mustered into the ser. charge upon the rolls the indebtedness of the vice who is unable to speak the English lan- troops to the State by what they were furguage. Mustering officers will at all times holdnished. theinselves in readiness to muster out of service

By order,


Adjutant-General. such regiments of volunteers as may be entitled to their

discharge. 4. Officers of the volunteer service tendering

Doo, 107. their resignations will forward them through the PROCLAMATION OF BRIG.-GEN. POPE. intermediate commanders to the officer commanding the department or corps d'armée in

St. Charles, Mo., July 19, 1861. which they may be serving, who is hereby To the People of North Missouri : authorized to grant them honorable discharges. By virtue of proper authority, I have assumed This commander will immediately report his ac- the command in North Missouri. I appear tion to the Adjutant-General of the Army, who among you with force strong enough to mainwill communicate the same to the Governor oftain the authority of the Government, and too the State to which the officer belongs. Vacan- strong to be resisted by any means in your poscies occurring among the commissioned officers session usual in warfare. "Upon your own asin volunteer regiments will be filled by the Gov surances that you would respect the laws of the ernors of the respective States by which the United States and preserve peace, no troops rest were furnished. Information of such ap- have hitherto been sent into your section of the pointments will in all cases be furnished to the country. The occurrences of the last ten days Adjutant-General of the Army. By order. have plainly exhibited that you lack either the L. Thomas, Adjutant-General. power or the inclination to fulfil your pledges,

and the Government, has, therefore, found it

necessary to occupy North Missouri with a Doc. 106.

force large enough to compel obedience to the GENERAL ORDER No. 46.

laws. So soon as it is made manifest that you

will respect its authority and put down unlaw. WAR DEPARTMENT, ADJUTANT-GENERAL'S OFFICE, ful combinations against it, you will be relieved

WASHINGTON, July 19, 1861. 1. MAJOR-General ROBERT PATTERSON of the mand, but not till then.

of the presence of the forces under my comPennsylvania Volunteers, will be honorably discharged from the service of the United States, against the Federal authority, who attempt to

I, therefore, warn all persons taken in arms on the 27th instant, when his term of duty will commit depredation upon public or private prop; expire. Brevet Major-General Cadwalader, alerty, or who molest unoffending and peaceful 50 of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, will be hon- citizens, that they will be dealt with in the orably discharged upon the receipt of this order, most summary manner, without awaiting civil as his term of service expires to-day.

process. 2. Major-General Dix, of the United States

JNO. POPE, forces, will relieve Major-General Banks, of the

Brigadier-General U. 8. A., Commanding.








Doc. 108.

4. Roger A. Pryor.

5. Thomas S. Bocock. 1. Robert Toombs. GEN. MOCLELLAN TO HIS SOLDIERS.


7. Robert E. Scott. 3. Francis S. Bartow. VIRGINIA, BEVERLY, Va., July 19, 1861. 8. James M. Mason, 4. Martin J. Crawford. SOLDIERS OF THE ARMY OF THE WEST:

9. J. Brockenbrough. 5. Eugenius A. Nisbot. I am more than satisfied with you. You 10. Chas. W. Russell. 6. Benjamin H. Hill. have annihilated two armies, commanded by 11. Robert Johnston. 7. A. Ř. Wright. educated and experienced soldiers, intrenched 12. Walter Staples. 8. Thomas R. R. Cobb. in mountain fastnesses and fortified at their 13. Walter Preston. 9. Augustus H. Kenan. leisure. You have taken five guns, twelve

10. Alex. H. Stephens. colors, fifteen hundred stand of arıns, one thou

Geo. Davis. sand prisoners, including more than forty of

W. W. Avery. 1. John Perkins, Jr. ficers. One of the second commanders of the 1. W. N. H. Smith.

2. A. De Clouet. rebels is a prisoner, the other lost his life on the

2. Thomas Ruffin. 3. Charles H. Conrad. field of battle. You have killed more than two 3. T. D. McDowell. 4. D. F. Kenner. hundred and fifty of the enemy, who has lost all

4. A. W. Venable. 5. Edward Sparrow. his baggage and camp equipage. All this has

5. J. M. Morehead.

6. Henry Marshall. been accomplished with the loss of twenty brave

6. R. O. Puryer. men killed and sixty wounded on your part.

7. Burton Craige. 1. Wiley P. Harris. You have proved that Union men, fighting

8. E. A. Davidson. 2. Walter Brooke. for the preservation of our Government, are

3. W. S. Wilson. more than a match for our misguided and erring 1. R. W. Walker. 4. A. M. Clayton. brothers. More than this, you have shown 2. R. H. Smith. 5. W. S. Barry. mercy to the vanquished. You have made long 3. J. L. M. Curry. 6. James T. Harrison. and arduous marches, with insufficient food, 4. W. P. Chilton. 7. J. A. P. Campbell. frequently exposed to the inclemency of the 5. S. F. Hale. weather. I hare not hesitated to demand this 6. Collin S. McRae.

1. R. B. Rhett, Sr. of you, feeling that I could rely on your endur- 7. John Gill Shorter. 2. R. W. Barnwell. ance, patriotism, and courage. In the future I 8. David P. Lewis. 3. L. M. Keitt. may have still greater demands to make upon 9. Thomas Fearn. 4. James Chesnut, Jr. you, still greater sacrifices for you to offer. It

5. O. G. Memminger. shall be my care to provide for you to the ex- 1. Jackson Morton, 6. W. Porcher Miles, tent of my ability; but I know now that, by 2. J. P. Anderson. 7. Thomas J. Withers. your valor and endurance, you will accomplish 3. J. B. Owens. 8. W. W. Boyce. all that is asked. Soldiers ! I have confidence in you, and I

THE STANDING COMMITTEES. trust you have learned to confide in me. Re- On Foreign Affairs.-Messrs. Rhett, Nisbet, member that discipline and subordination are Perkins, Walker, Keitt. qualities of equal value with courage. I am On Finance.—Messrs. Toombs, Barnwell, proud to say that you have gained the highest Kenner, Barry, McRae. reward that American troops can receive-the

On Commercial Affairs.-Messrs. Memmin. thanks of Congress and the applause of your ger, Crawford, De Clouet, Morton, Curry. fellow-citizens. Geo. B. MOCLELLAN, On the Judiciary.-Messrs. Clayton, With


ers, Hale, Cobb, Harris.

On Naval Affairs.—Messrs. Conrad, Chesnut, Doc. 109,

Smith, Wright, Owens.

On Military Affairs.-Messrs. Bartow, Miles, THE “CONFEDERATE” GOVERNMENT. Sparrow, Kenan, Anderson.

On Postal Affairs.-Messrs. Chilton, Boyce,

Hill, Harrison, Ourry. President,

Jefferson Davis, of Miss, On Patents.—Messrs. Brooke, Wilson, Lewis, Vice-President, Alex. H. Stephens, of Ga. Hill, Kenner.

On Territories.-Messrs. Chesnut, Campbell,

Marshall, Nisbet, Fearn. Secretary of State, Robert Toombs, Ga. On Public Lands. -Messrs. Marshall, Harris, Secretary of Treasury, C. L, Memminger, S. C. Fearn, Anderson, Wright. Secretary of War, Leroy P. Walker, Ala.

On Indian Affairs.--Messrs. Morton, Hale, Secretary of the Navy, Stephen R. Mallory, Fla. Lewis, Keitt, Sparrow. Postmaster-General, John H. Reagan, Texas.

On Printing.–Messrs. T. R. R. Cobb, HarAttorney-General, Judah P, Benjamin, La. rison, Miles, Chilton, Perkins.

On Accounts.—Messrs. Owens, DeClouet, MEMBERS OF CONGRESS.

Campbell, Smith, Crawford. 1. R. M. T. Hunter,

On Engrossments.—Messrs. Shorter, Wilson, James A. Seddon. 2. John Tyler.

Kenan, McRae, Bartow W. Ballard Preston, 3. W. H, Macfarland.




MESSAGE OF JEFFERSON DAVIS. the President of the United States and his ad

visers succeeded in deceiving the people of DELIVERED AT RICHMOND JULY 20.

these States into the belief that the purpose of Gentlemen of the Congress of the Confederate this Government was not peace at home, but States of America :

conquest abroad; not defence of its own líberMy message addressed to you at the com- ties, but subversion of those of the people of mencement of the last session contained such the United States. The series of maneuvres full information of the state of the Confederacy by which this impression was created; the art as to render it unnecessary that I should now with which they were devised, and the perfidy do more than call your attention to such im- with which they were executed, were already portant facts as have occurred during the re- known to you, but you could scarcely have supcess, and the matters connected with the public posed that they would be openly avowed, and defence.

their success made the subject of boast and I have again to congratulate you on the ac- self-laudation in an executive message. Fortucession of new members to our Confederation nately for truth and history, however, the of free and equally sovereign States. Our loved President of the United States details, with and honored brethren of North Carolina and minuteness, the attempt to reinforce Fort PicTennessee have consummated the action fore- kens, in violation of an armistice of which he seen and provided for at your last session, and confessed to have been informed, but only by I have had the gratification of announcing, by rumors, too vague and uncertain to fix the atproclamation, in conformity with law, that these tention of the hostile expedition despatched to States were adınitted into the Confederacy. supply Fort Sumter, admitted to have been unThe people of Virginia, also, by a majority dertaken with the knowledge that its success previously unknown in our history, have rati- was impossible. The sending of a notice to the fied the action of her Convention uniting her Governor of South Carolina of his intention to fortunes with ours. The States of Arkansas, use force to accomplish his object, and then North Carolina, and Virginia have likewise quoting from his inaugural address the assuradopted the permanent Constitution of the ance that “there could be no conflict unless Confederate States, and no doubt is entertained these States were the aggressors,” he proceeds of its adoption by Tennessee, at the election to to declare his conduct, as just related by himbe held early in next month.

self, was the performance of a promise, so free I deemed it advisable to direct the removal from the power of ingenious sophistry as that of the several executive departments, with their the world should not be able to misunderstand archives, to this city, to which you have re-it; and in defiance of his own statement that moved the seat of Government. Iminediately he gave notice of the approach of a hostile after your adjournment, the aggressive move- fleet, he charges these States with becoming ments of the enemy required prompt, energetic the assailants of the United States, without a aetion. The accumulation of his forces on the gun in sight, or in expectancy, to return their Potomac sufficiently demonstrated that his fire, save only a few in the fort. He is, indeed, efforts were to be directed against Virginia, fully justified in saying that the case is so free and from no point could necessary measures for from the power of ingenious sophistry that the her defence and protection be so effectively de- world will not be able to misunderstand it. Uncided, as from her own capital. The rapid prog- der cover of this unfounded pretence, that the ress of events, for the last few weeks, has fully Confederate States are the assailants, that high suficed to lift the veil, behind which the true functionary, after expressing his concern that policy and purposes of the Government of the some foreign nations had so shaped their action United States had been previously concealed. as if they supposed the early destruction of the Their odious features now stand fully revealed. national Union probable, abandons all further The message of their President, and the action disguise, and proposes to make this contest a of their Congress during the present month, short and decisive one, by placing at the conconfess their intention of the subjugation of trol of the Government for the work at least these States, by a war, by which it is impossible four hundred thousand men, and four hundred to attain the proposed result, while its dire millions of dollars. The Congress, concurring calamities, not to be avoided by us, will fall in the doubt thus intimated as to the sufficiency with double severity on themselves.

of the force demanded, has increased it to half Commencing in March last, with the affecta- a million of men. tion of ignoring the secession of seven States, These enormous preparations in men and which first organized this Government; perse- money, for the conduct of the war, on a scale vering in April in the idle and absurd assumption more grand than any which the new world ever of the existence of a riot, which was to be dis- witnessed, is a distinct avowal, in the eyes of persed by a posse comitatus ; continuing in suc- civilized man, that the United States are encessive months the false representation that gaged in a conflict with a great and powerful these States intended an offensive war, in spite nation. They are at last compelled to abandon of conclusive evidence to the contrary, fur- the pretence of being engaged in dispersing rinished as well by official action as by the very oters and suppressing insurrections, and are basis on which this Government is constituted, driven to the acknowledgment that the ancient

Union has been dissolved. They recognize the i priated to criminals of the worst dye, and separate existence of these Confederate States, threatened with punishment as such. I had by an interdictive embargo and blockade of all made application for the exchange of these commerce between them and the United States, prisoners to the commanding officer of the enenot only by sea, but by land; not only in my's squadron off Charleston, but that offships, but in cars; not only with those who cer had already sent the prisoners to New bear arms, but with the entire population of York when application was made. I therefore the Confederate States. Finally, they have re- deemed it my duty to renew the proposal for pudiated the foolish conceit that the inhabitants the exchange to the constitutional commanderof this Confederacy are still citizens of the in-chief of the army and navy of the United United States; for they are waging an indis- States, the only officer having control of the criminate war upon them all, with savage fe- prisoners. To this end, I despatched an officer rocity, unknown in modern civilization. to him under a flag of truce, and, in making the

In this war, rapine is the rule; private proposal, I informed President Lincoln of my houses, in beautiful rural retreats, are bom- resolute purpose to check all barbarities on barded and burnt; grain crops in the field are prisoners of war by such severity of retaliaconsumed by the torch, and, when the torch is tion on prisoners held by us as should secure not convenient, careful sabor is bestowed to ren- the abandonment of the practice. This comder complete the destruction of every article of munication was received and read by an officer use or ornament remaining in private dwellings in command of the United States forces, and a after their inhabitants have fled from the out. message was brought from him by the bearer rages of brute soldiery. In 1781 Great Britain, of my communication, that a reply would be when invading the revolted colonies, took pos- returned by President Lincoln as soon as possession of every district and county near For- sible. I earnestly hope this promised reply tress Monroe, now occupied by the troops of (which has not yet been received) will convey the United States. The houses then inhabited the assurance that prisoners of war will be by the people, after being respected and pro- treated, in this unhappy contest, with that retected by avowed invaders, are now pillaged gard for humanity, which has made such conand destroyed by men who pretend that Vir- spicuous progress in the conduct of modern ginians are their fellow-citizens. Mankind will warfare. As measures of precaution, however, shudder at the tales of the outrages committed and until this promised reply is received, I still on defenceless families by soldiers of the United retain in close custody some officers captured States, now invading our homes; yet these from the enemy, whom it had been my pleasoutrages are prompted by inflamed passions ure previously to set at large on parole, and and the madness of intoxication. But who whose fate must necessarily depend on that of shall depict the horror they entertain for the prisoners held by the enemy. I append a copy cool and deliberate malignancy which, under of iny communication to the President and comthe pretext of suppressing insurrection, (said by mander-in-chief of the army and navy of the themselves to be upheld by a minority only of United States, and of the report of the officer our people,) makes special war on the sick, in-charged to deliver my communication. There cluding children and women, by carefully-de- are some other passages in the remarkable pavised measures to prevent them from obtaining per to which I have directed your attention, the medicines necessary for their cure. The having reference to the peculiar relations which sacred claims of humanity, respected even dur- exist between this Government and the States ing the fury of actual battle, by careful diver- usually termed Border Slave States, which cansion of attack from hospitals containing wound- not properly be withheld from notice. The ed enemies, are outraged in cold blood by a hearts of our people are animated by sentiments Government and people that pretend to desire toward the inhabitants of these States, which & continuance of fraternal connections. All found expression in your enactment refusing to these outrages must remain unavenged by the consider them enemies, or authorize hostilities universal reprehension of mankind. In all against them. That a very large portion of the cases where the actual perpetrators of the people of these States regard us as brethren; wrongs escape capture, they admit of no retali- that, if unrestrained by the actual presence of ation. The humanity of our people would large armies, subversion of civil authority, and shrink instinctively from the bare idea of urg- declaration of martial law, some of them, at ing a like war upon the sick, the women, and least, would joyfully unite with us; that they the children of an enemy. But there are other are, with almost entire unanimity, opposed to savage practices which have been resorted to the prosecution of the war waged against us, by the Government of the United States, which are facts of which daily-recurring events fully do admit of repression by retaliation, and I have warrant the assertion that the President of the been driven to the necessity of enforcing the United States refuses to recognize in these, our repression. The prisoners of war taken by the late sister States, the right of refraining from enemy on board the armed schooner Savannah, attack upon us, and justifies his refusal by the sailing under our commission, were, as I was assertion that the States have no other power credibly advised, treated like common felons, than that reserved to them in the Union by the put in irons, confined in a jail usually appro- T Constitution. Now, one of them having ever

been a State of the Union, this view of the con- mulated in this Confederacy of agriculturists, stitutional relations between the States and the could not be more strongly displayed than in General Government is a fitting introduction to the large revenues which, with eagerness, they another assertion of the message, that the ex- have contributed at the call of their country. ecutive possesses power of suspending the writ In the single article of cotton, the subscriptions of habeas corpns, and of delegating that power to the loan proposed by the Government, canto military commanders at their discretion. not fall short of fifty millions of dollars, and And both these propositions claim a respect will probably exceed that sum; and scarcely equal to that which is felt for the additional an article required for the consumption of our statement of opinion in the same paper, that it army is provided otherwise than by subscripis proper, in order to execute the laws, that tion to the produce loan, so happily devised by some single law, made in such extreme tender- your wisdom. The Secretary of the Treasury, ness of citizens' liberty that practically it re- in his report submitted to you, will give you lieves more of the guilty than the innocent, the amplest details connected with that branch should to a very limited extent be violated of the public service; but it is not alone in their We may well rejoice that we have forever prompt pecuniary contributions that the noble severed our connection with a Government race of freemen who inhabit these States evithat thus trampled on all principles of consti- dence how worthy they are of those liberties tational liberty, and with a people in whose which they so well know how to defend. In presence such avowals could be hazarded. The numbers far exceeding those authorized by operations in the field will be greatly extended your laws, they bave pressed the tender of by reason of the policy which heretofore has their services against the enemy. Their attibeen secretly entertained, and is now avowed tude of calm and sublime devotion to their and acted on by us. The forces hitherto raised country, the cool and confidant courage with provide amply for the defence of seven States which they are already preparing to meet the which originally organized in the Confederacy, invasion, in whatever proportions it may asas is evidently the fact, since, with the excep- sume; the assurance that their sacrifices and tion of three fortified islands, whose defence is their services will be renewed from year to efficiently aided by a preponderating naval year with unfailing purpose, until they have force, the enemy has been driven completely made good to the uttermost their rights to selfout of these stations; and now, at the expira- government; the generous and almost unequivtion of five months from the formation of the local confidence which they display in their Government, not a single hostile foot presses Government during the pending struggle, all their soil. These forces, however, must neces- combine to present a spectacle, such as the sarily prove inadequate to repel invasion by the world has rarely, if ever, seen. To speak of half million of men now proposed by the ene- subjugating such a people, so united and determy, and a corresponding increase of our forces mined, is to speak in a language incomprehenwill become necessary. The recommendations sible to them; to resist attack on their rights for the raising of this additional force will be or their liberties is with them an instinct. contained in the communication of the Secre- Whether this war shall last one, or three, or tary of War, to which I need scarcely invite five years, is a problem they leave to be solved your earnest attention.

by the enemy alone. It will last till the enemy In my message delivered in April last, I re- shall have withdrawn from their borders; till ferred to the promise of the abundant crops their political rights, their altars, and their with which we were cheered. The grain crops, homes are freed from invasion. Then, and then generally, have since been harvested, and the only, will they rest from this struggle, to enjoy, yield has proven to be the most abundant ever in peace, the blessings which, with the favor known in our history. Many believe the sup- of Providence, they have secured by the aid of ply adequate to two years' consumption of our their own strong hearts and steady arms. population. Cotton, sugar, tobacco, forming a

JEFFERSON Davis. surplus of the production of our agriculture, and furnishing the basis of our commercial interchange, present the most cheering promises

Doo. 110. ever known. Providence has smiled on the A PROTEST FROM SOUTII CAROLINA. labor which extracts the teeming wealth of our

A LETTER FROM L. W. SPRATT. soil in all parts of our Confederacy.

It is the more gratifying to be able to give Hon. John Perkins, Delegate from Louisiana : you this, because, in need of large and increased From the abstract of the Constitution for the expenditure, in support of our army, elevated Provisional Government, published in the paand purified by a sacred cause, they maintain pers of this morning, it appears that the slave that our fellow-citizens, of every condition of trade, except with the Slave States of North life, exhibit most self-sacrificing devotion. America, shall be prohibited. The Congress, They manifest a laudable pride of upholding therefore, not content with the laws of the late their independence, unaided by any resources United States against it, which, it is to be preother than their own, and the immense wealth sumed, were re-adopted, have unalterably fixed which a fertilized and genial climate has accu-I the subject by a provision of the Constitution.

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