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and Ordnance; Major Cabell, Chief Quarter-prised burned to the ground. The only citizens master; Capt. W. H. Fowle, Chief of Subsist- visible were females, looking intensely woeence Department; Surgeon Thos. H. Williams, begone, as though crushed to earth by the preMedical Director, and Assistant Surgeon Bro- vious oppression of the secessionists, and the die, Medical Purveyor of the General Staff at- recent vandal acts of arson committed by our tached to the army of the Potomac, were ne- then uncontrolled troops. They said that all cessarily engaged, severally, with their respon- the able-bodied men of the village had been sible duties at my head-quarters at Camp Pick- pressed into the traitor service on the day beens, which they discharged with an energy and fore at the point of the bayonet, before which intelligence for which I have to tender my they were driven in the direction of Manassas. sincere thanks.
Leaving there for Centreville, I found our Messrs. McLean, Wilcoxen, Kincheloe, and troops strewed along on each side of the road, Brawner, citizens of this immediate vicinity, it resting at their noon halt. The whole road was is their due to say, have placed me and the lined with them thus. A portion of Col. Heintcountry under great obligation for the infor- zelman's division was in the rear, in and around mation relative to this region, which has ena- Germantown. Those seen on the road to Cen. bled me to avail myself of its defensive fea- treville were principally of Gen. Tyler's column tures and resources. They were found ever —the Maine, Connectiont, and other regiments. ready to give me their time, without stint or Two and a half miles east of Centreville I heard reward.
firing in the advance, and, on reaching there, Our casualties, in all 68 killed and wounded, learned that an engagement was evidently in were fifteen* killed and fifty-three wounded, progress before the enemy's intrenchments at several of whom have since died. The loss of Bull Run, half way from that village to Manasthe enemy can only be conjectured; it was sas Junction. unquestionably heavy. In tho cursory exami- I learned that the enemy had evacuated his nation which was made by details from Long- slight Centreville works as early as 1 A. M. this street's and Early's brigades, on the 18th July, morning. They were situated on the crest of of that part of the field immediately contested the ridge immediately east of the village, conand near Blackburn's Ford, some sixty-four sisting of thirty or forty poor and straggling corpses were found and buried, and at least houses, stretching down the west slope of the twenty prisoners were also picked up, beside ridge on either side of the Warrenton turnpike. 175 stand of arms, a large quantity of accou- No male citizens were visible in the village, trements and blankets, and quite one hundred and the few white females there wore brighter and fifty hats.
countenances than their sisters of Germantown. The effect of this day's conflict was to satisfy When the enemy evacuated the place, (its males the enemy he could not force a passage across having been impressed the day before,) the Bull Run in the face of our troops, and led him women fled to the woods with their children into the flank movement of the 21st July, and and movables, leaving one only there. They the battle of Manassas, the details of which had been told that it was the purpose of the will be related in another paper.
0-0 Yankees to burn the town and kill all the Herewith I have the honor to transmit the male white children. The women left, on reports of the several brigade commanders en realizing that no harm whatever was being done gaged, and of the artillery. Also, a map of to person or property by our advance on enterthe field of battle.
ing the village, and brought those who had fled The rendition of this report, it is proper to say back, by a negro messenger. in conclusion, has been unavoidably delayed by I found no detachment of our troops in the the constantly engrossing administrative duties abandoned works or the village, though Federal of the commander of an army corps composed stragglers were lounging about both. Gen. wholly of volunteers—duties vitally essential Tyler had ordered all the front doors to be left to its well-being and future efficiency, and open, (to prevent assassin shots from the which I could not set aside or postpone on any houses,) and the men were freely passing in account.
and out of them, for water, &c. Not a disreI have the honor to be, General,
spectful word even had been uttered in CentreYour obedient servant, ville, by a single Federal soldier, nor had any P. G. T, BEAUREGARD,
one there been robbed to the value of a penny
General Commanding. by them. The effect of their capital behavior To General L. COOPER,
there has been most happy, indeed, making up Adjutant and Inspector General, C. 9. A.
for it at Fairfax and Germantown. WASHINGTON "STAR" NARRATIVE. I proceeded as soon as possible on towards FAIRFAX COURT Horse, July 18, 6 P. M.
the direction of the firing, and 24 miles out of started after the main body of the army, via battle in progress at or near its west base. On According to your instructions, at 10 a. M. I Centreville saw on the crest of a ridge scattered
soldiers and civilians evidently watching the Germantown, where I found three of the fine buildings of which the village has been com
rising the hill it was in full view.
A portion of Sherman's battery, which had * Including two reported "missing."
been in the advance, had opened upon the ene
my from near the west base of the hill, a low ligence of the particulars of the engageinent just ground flat of some four hundred yards inter- as I was passing liim, and went ahead immedivening between its position and the creek, and ately with increased pace. between the barn on the right (on our side of After passing through Fairfax Court House, I the creek) in which they had learned secession was overtaken by a special messenger, who had cavalry were concealed.
remained on the ground after I left. Ere le The enemy's small armed forces were behind started, according to the message fent me, the intrenchments in the woods, on the west side enemy's infantry had essayed to cross the creek of the creek, so covered by their works and to advance upon ours, and had been driven thick undergrowth, that glimpses of them were back by the New York 691h and 791h, who rarely obtained.
charged on them with fixed bayonets. He reAs soon as our artillery opened on the barn presents, that as he was leaving, it was judged their cavalry rushed out of it and got out of the that the enemy had been fairly whipped by way, (behind timber, I believe.) When they that charge. It was then clear that in a short left it, a concealed battery near the barn opened time he would probably be forced to fall back on our forces, with very little effect, I fancy. through the woods towards Manassas Junction. Shortly afterwards, more of our artillery came I may mention that, after every volley fired up, and when that opened upon the enemy's by the enemy while I was at Bull Run, his men position in the woods along the creek border, a uttered a shout that made the welkin ring, and second masked battery of theirs, surrounded by his banners were waved and flaunted defiantly their infantry in the woods, replied. That did in our faces. Just before his second battery us considerable damage. I saw four or five of opened fire, clouds of dust in his rear betoour killed or wounded carried past me to the kened that he was being reinforced from Marear on litters.
nassas Junction. Dr. Pullston, of Pa., Mr. McCormick, of the N. Y. Evening Post, Mr. Hill, of the N. Y. Tri
NEW YORK "TIMES" NARRATIVE. bune, Mr. Raymond, of the N. Y. Times, my- Centreville, Va., Thursday evening, July 18, 1861. self, and a few other civilians, were at that This has been an eventful day for the army time standing, surrounded by a few straggling of advance, and the result will unquestionably soldiers, quietly looking on from the top of the be represented as a great victory on the part bill, immediately where Gen. Tyler had taken of the rebels. In a word, the affair was a rehis station. One of the first shells fired from connoissance in force of a wood at Bull Run, that second battery of the enemy passed be- whose contents were unknown. It proved to tween the shoulders of Dr. Pullston and Mr. ( be a masked battery, behind which some 5,000 McCormick, who were arm-in-arm, and burst of the rebels bad intrenched themselves, and against a small building three yards in the rear our five reginients, which were sent against it, of thein. It grazed Mr. McCormick's shoulder. were repulsed with considerable loss-a loss, Just then the enemy's infantry fired a volley of the extent of which I cannot state with any Minié balls, which took effect in our group, accuracy, but which probably amounted to not wounding half a dozen, all slightly, however. far from 150 killed and wounded. On our side, Lient. Lorain, of New York, was most hurt by Sherman's battery, under Capt. Ayres, was the a flesh wound. We non-combatants quickly only one engaged. It behaved with great galsought different and safer positions.
lantry, but the extent of damage irtiicted canJust then the New York Sixty-ninth and not be known, as it fired constantly into dense Seventy-ninth came up and took position near : woods. Our forces were all withdrawn to the our other infantry on the flat. Gen. Tyler, on rear, the most of them as far back as Centrefinding that the fire of the second of the ene- , ville, four miles from Bull Run, which is itmy's batteries was likely to prove destructive,' self about the same distance from Manassas manæuvred the infantry into a different posi. Junction. The attack will unquestionalily be tion, falling them back with wheeling them. renewed in the morning, not only upon this They were all as cool as cucumbers, and exe- masked battery, but upon the entire rebel force cuted his orders with as much precision as at Manassas-with what result I shall probably though engaged in a dress parade on Pennsyl. be able to tell you to-morrow. vania avenue.
So much for the general result; now for the I was compelled, by my engagement, to re- details of the affair, so far as they came under turn to Falls Church by nightfall, and then left my personal observation. to return. About six miles from the scene of I left Fairfax Court House at a later hour the engagement I met General McDowell in his than I intended, and reached Centreville at carriage, with his staff on horseback. Ere about 11 o'clock. The rebels here had thrown meeting him-indeed, immediately after the' up intrenchments on a high hill, orerlooking arrival of the Sixty-ninth and Seventy-ninth the road as it debouches from a fine wood, and on the field of action, and the change of posi- a large open field, admirably fitted for defence. tion of our infantry engaged—the firing on both They had abandoned them, however, and this sides ceased for the time being. It was re- confirmed the general impression that they did newed, however, before I reached where I met not mean to fight. The troops which lead been General McDowell. He received his first intel- | brought forward, comprising only a portion of Gen. Tyler's brigade, were here halted for rest, I they scarcely fired a single shot at them, but and remained three or four hours. My carriage were shattered by the deadly fire thus suddeniy had become entangled in the baggage train, and opened upon them. At intervals of perhaps a was some two miles in the rear. I began the minute this volley was repeated five or six tour of Centreville in search of food, as I had times—the rebels accompanying each fire with bad no breakfast, and was nearly famished. I tremendous shouts. Two howitzers, belonging While swallowing a cup of very poor coffee, to Sherman's battery, were sent past me which I persuaded the servants of a deserted through the field into the wood, and opened mansion to sell me, I heard the sound of can- fire, which was returned by the same volleys. non in the direction of Manassas. I imme- | After a few minutes, a rebel battery of cannon, diately pushed forward on foot, under a blazing planted upon a small cleared space in the woods, sun, and after a brisk walk of three miles, dur- which I could see very distinctly with my ing which the only refreshment I could procure glass, opened fire, first upon the howitzers in was a little vinegar and water, I came to a their vicinity, but after two or three shots, they wood through which the road leads over a high sent half-a-dozen balls into the field where I rise of ground, with an oat-field on the right, stood, and over my head into the group of offiand on the left a meadow, in which is placed a cers and soldiers gathered about the liouse to small house, with an adjoining shed. In the watch the firing. One shot struck some 20 feet oat field, on the right, were stationed two of from me, another went through the shanty adthe Parrott guns, under Lieut. Benjamin. As joining the house, and a shell exploded in the you pass the crest of the hill, your eye falls field some 20 rods from where I stood, without upon a gentle slope of meadow on the left of doing any damage. the road, bordered on the lower side by a thick At 2} o'clock, a company of cavalry, Texas growth of low trees, and rising, after passing a Rangers, belonging to the regular force, had ravine, to high ground on the other side. At crossed the field and taken possession, the men the right of the wood was an open plain, with dismounting, armed with carbines, immediately a house and barn some fifteen or twenty rods in front of the wood. While stationed on the from the wood. As I approached the first hill, lill during the first firing, one of the rebel shots I saw Sherman's battery drawn up on the left, had fallen in their midst and severely wounderl behind the crest, and the First Massachusetts one of them, who had been carried back into regiment, in line of battle, some twenty paces the wood. After the firing from cannon and behind, in a hollow, to be out of reach of the musketry which I have mentioned had been rebel batteries.
continued some twenty minutes,-many of the At about 1 o'clock, as the head of our column musket shots reaching the point where I stood, rose over the crest of the hill, it was saluted by - I saw the Twelfth New York regiment rush a shot from the rebel battery quite across the pell-mell out of the wood, followed by the Musravine, which fired eight or ten rounds from sachusetts men, marching in good order. Their two guns, and was briskly answered by Capt. appearance was the signal for a general retreat Ayres. After about ten minutes, their firing of the forces in that neighborhood. The reguceased, and it was supposed that the rebels had lar cavalry wheeled and ran their horses up retreated. They had fired no ritled cannon, and the hill at the top of their speed-putting those it was believed they had none.
of us who were on the hill-side in greater peril Skirmishers were at once thrown out from of life and limb than we had been before during the whole brigade, which was commanded by the day. Two companies of the New York Col. Richardson, and consisted of five regi- Twelfth kept their ground well, and came off ments, into the woods on the left, while the , in good order. The rest made good time in First Massachusetts was drawn up in line of leaving a position which it could not be exbattle immediately in front of the woods, and pected for a moment that they could hold. the Twelfth New York, Col. Walrath, just at The Michigan regiments, on the right, kept their right. The Second and Third Michigan their position for a time, but soon drew off with regiments were sent to the extreme right, and the rest. marched in a right line from the road, towards It was clear that the rebels were intrenched the wood, and drew up in line of battle. The in great force in the wood, and that they had skirmishers pushed into the wood, and were a powerful battery there, some of the guns bepermitted to penetrate to some distance with ing clearly rifled cannon from the noise the out being fired on. Soon a few scattering shots balls made as they passed over our heads. were fired at them, and then the First Massa- Clouds of dnst, coming towards the front from chusetts regiment and the Twelfth New York the hills in the rear, indicated that they were were pushed in together. I had gone into the bringing up reinforcements. The withdrawal field bordering the wood, about one-third of the of our troops was in pursuance of a purpose way to the wood, and watched them enter. to change the plan of attack. Orders were They had beon gone perhaps five or ten minutes, sent back for reinforcements. Sherman's whole when a full, round volley was fired directly in battery was ordered into the garden on the left their faces from a breastwork in the ravine, be of the road, just in front of the house; two guns hind which the whole rebel force had been were planted in the oat-field on the opposite drawn up. They could not see their assailants, side, and at three and a half o'clock, a shot from the rebels flying over my head, followed | side of the intrenched camp, from this point, by two from the Parrott guns in the oat-field while other columns will approach it from rushing in the opposite direction, satisfied me other directions. The result will vindicate the that the safest place during an engagement was movement.
H. J. R. not between two hostile batteries. We fell
-N. Y. Times, July 20, 1861. back, therefore, behind the crest of the hill.
N. Y. “ TRIBUNE” NARRATIVE. The firing on both sides grew very brisk, and
ENCAMPMENT NEAR Brel Rox, the shot from the rebels nearly all passed over
Friday, July 19, 1861. head, crushing among the trees of the wood be- The skirmish of yesterday, ils I have before yond, and wounding several of the great num- intimated, was, after all, an affair of very slight ber of persons, troops and others, who had col- consequence. It is true that an attempt upon lected there for shelter. Just then the Sixty- the enemy's position was begun, and that it ninth New York regiment came up through failed; but it was not made in force, and it the wood—the ears of its men being constantly occasioned us no serious loss. It is difficult to saluted by these whistling balls—and was order- understand, even now, the precise intention ed to form in the field behind the house. It of our Generals in arranging the attack. The was soon followed by the Seventy-ninth, who preparations were too important for a skirmish did not, however, go out of the wood. The or reconnoissance, and not sufficiently so for firing, which had commenced at three and a an effective engagement. The fact bably is, half o'clock, ceased on both sides at five min- that our operations were conducted on no parutes before four, and our entire force was order- ticular plan, and that the successive dispositions ed to withdraw on Centreville.
of our troops were guided by vague impulses, This is the whole of it,--and I have no time rather than by sound judgment. Unfortunate to add comments, as this hasty letter must be errors certainly were committed, both at the sent at once by a special messenger, who may commencement and during the progress of the reach Washington in time for the four and a skirmish, but to what extent they may have half o'clock mail to-morrow morning. General affected the result can now only be conjecMcDowell, who had been to visit the other col- | tured. After the position shall hare been umn, came up just as the engagement was over. taken, and the ground examined, we can judge I believe he says the existence of this battery more surely. was well known, and that the men ought not I last night sent an extremely hasty acto have been sent against it. Gen. Tyler, for- count of the affair, to which some details may merly of the U. S. Army, is an officer of merit be added to-day, at the risk of occasional repeand experience. He displayed great coolness titions. throughout the whole affair. I met a son of When the head of our division left the en. Gen. Leavenworth coming off the field, a lad campment near Centreville on Thursday mornof seventeen, who had stayed in the wood to ing, it was supposed that the four brigades bathe lis feet, after the Twelftlı, to which he would follow regularly, and that the movemert belonged, was driven out, and who says he was was, as it had been the previous day, one of mas. surprised to find he was not half as much scared nitude and force. Under this impression, we as he had expected to be. While on the side- passed through Centreville. (where, by the way, hill, being half famished with thirst, I asked a we learned that five or six thousand rebel troops, swallow from the canteen of a portly gentle with artillery and cavalry, had marched frum man who was passing. He gave it to me, and Fairfax toward Manassas the night before, and I found it was Hon. Mr. Lovejoy, of Illinois. there we might hare intercepted them had we There were half-a-dozen private gentlemen advanced instead of halting for the night bepresent as spectators.
tween Germantown and Centreville, and this The criticism which will be made on this prevented their joining the rebel force at Buil mishap will be that men should not have been Run, or elsewhere,) and made gradual progress thus thrust upon a masked battery—that it is a south ward. The skirmishers were somewhat repetition of the old Big Bethel and Vienna less cantiously posted, and, indeed, the entire affairs. Gen. Tyler, however, says that it was line of march seemed to be less carefully preonly a reconnoissance in force—that the object served than during the day before. The second he had in view was to determine what force brigade, as it afterward appeared. was tipward and batteries the enemy had at that point-and of a mile behind the first, and the remaining that he now understands this perfectly. Un- two were left at such a distance as to forbid doubtedly, this is so; the only question is, any hope of prompt reinforcement from them, whether the knowledge was not purchased at in case of an engagement. The day was exrestoo dear a cost. Upon one thing you may rely: sively warm, and the troops, excepting those This misfortune will not delay the attack on of the advance, marched languidly. They were Manassas. On the contrary, it will hasten it. halted at about a mile from Bull Run, to avait But I think that, instead of leading troops di- the result of a reconnoissance by Gen. Tyler, rectly against batteries, whether masked or not, who preceded by the skirmishers, and attended Gen. McDowell will turn their entire position. by a squadron of cavalry, under Capt. Brackett, The movement of troops, to-night, indicates a rode forward to the position which was subsepurpose to throw the troops upon the north quently taken up by our forces.
Bull Run is an insignificant creek, the banks / sufficiently near to find that it communicated of which are sufficiently high and steep at this by sentinels with a force somewhere behind spot to suit it for service as a ditch to artificial the trees. This intelligence assured us that at embankments. It is concealed from view, ex- last the rebels had found the strony position cepting upon a near approach, by thickets and they had been retreating to, and that now the underbrush. The peculiar chasm through which chances of a contlict were nearer than ever beit runs was perhaps the cause of its selection fore. as a part of Beauregard's long line of fortifica- Our cavalry was withdrawn from the brow tions. In other ways, the position is naturally of the hill, and dispersed among the woods at strong. Long ranges of hills rise behind it, with the rear, where they were secluded from the frequent level platforms, like terraces, which enemy. Gen. Tyler returned to meet the artilappear excellently suited for batteries of any lery, which was rapidly coming up. For a few dimensions. The woods reach almost to the minutes Capt. Brackett, with two or three top of the eminence, and, excepting in one or others, remained to keep watch of movements two openings, completely hide all operations on the opposite side. Nothing, however, was that may be carried on. The principal road, changed during the General's brief absence. that upon which we were advancing-takes a The tew bayonets flitted at the sides of the sudden turn just at the edge of these woods, barn, and the open ground on the hill-side was and is thereafter almost indistinguishable. On still filled with picketed cavalry. These last the side where we now found ourselves, the were the most prominent objects to be seen. elevation, though considerable, is inferior, and The battery arrived in good time, but alone, is wholly unsheltered. The hill descends smooth-having distanced the infantry by the rapidity ly, without an undulation or a single tree for of its advance. As it entered the wheat-field, some hundreds of rods at each side of the road. at the right of the road, the cavalry followed, Upon its summit, to the left, a small country- offering the rather unusual spectacle of horsehouse, barn, and other buildings stand, sur- men supporting artillery. Orders were given rounded by a few trees. To the right is an for immediate cannonading. The first rifle canopen wheat-field, with trees at its rear. By non was sighted by Lieut. Upton, Gen. Tyler's this house Gen. Tyler advanced and made his aid, and the shell fell plump amid the principal observations. The skirmishers had rested half group of rebel cavalry, scattering them in an way down the hill, having detected pickets instant, so that not a man of them was to be near them, which were suddenly withdrawn seen when the smoke cleared away. Succesat their approach. For a short time it was sive shots were directed toward the barn, and hard to discover indications of the enemy's among the most suspicious-looking parts of the presence, but preseatly in the open spaces woods behind it. Some produced much comamong the woods, bodies of cavalry were dis- motion, others seemed wholly disregarded. cerned, some in motion, and some at rest and After silently receiving twelve or fifteen shot evidently encamped. IIigher up, there were and shell, the enemy suddenly burst out with lines of infantry in motion, and toward the four or five rounds from rifled cannon. Their summit tents were visible. No batteries of first shot dug the ground a rod or two below any kind were in sight. It did not appear, the gunners. The second flew higher, and went while the examination was going on, that any through our cavalry, who dispersed in a great of our party knew we had arrived at Bull hurry, and took up their proper position, a little Ron, although it had long been understood that in the rear. Two men of Lieut. Drummond's the rebels had at that place established some company were wounded, but not seriously. of their strongest intrenchiments.
The brief fire of the enemy was admirably diA house and barn a little beyond the centre rected, and seemed to prove that the range had of the valley suddenly swarmed with soldiers. been studied before. The fire did not cease Their appearance was probably an inalvert- until a hundred rounds or so had been disence, for they withdrew themselves immedi-charged. Just after the enemy had spoken, ately, and were afterward only imperfectly | Capt. Ayres' battery came up, and entered the seen. This was the nearest point at which we inclosure to the left. Taking position near the had observed the enemy. It was barely half a deserted dwelling-house, it also opened fire, and mile distant upon the main road, and was ap- blazed vigorously until the arrival of the infanparently unsupported. Gen. Tyler said: "What try brigade, under Col. Richardson, of Michican you do with them, Capt. Brackett?" and gan. But after the first four guns no sound of Capt. Brackett answered: “If they have bat- response came from the enemy. Their intenteries, they'll pick a good many of my men off tion probably was, since they found their posi. while we go down; but if yon say the word, tion was undoubtedly discovered, to offer what I'll take them.”. Gen. Tyler then sent orders ! should appear a feeble opposition—a sort of back for the advance of the artillery and the ! peevish, powilery remonstrance—in order to leading brigade. Capt. Brackett showed that ; lead us rapidly on in the belief that their his concern respecting the batteries was not a resources were few, and their preparations personal one by riding down entirely alone insufficient. As soon as the brigade arrived, some distance beyond where the enemy's pick- skirmishers were sent forward to explore the ets had first been seen, and approaching the barn I woods, which, apart from the warlike indica