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States; but no bounties shall be granted from the officers, and the authority of training the the treasury; nor shall any duties or taxes on militia according to the discipline prescribed importations from foreign nations be laid to by Congress. promote or foster any branch of industry; and 17. To exercise exclusive legislation, in all all duties, imposts, and excises shall be uniform cases whatsoever, over such district (not exthroughout the Confederate States.

ceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of 2. To borrow money on the credit of the one or more States, and the acceptance of ConConfederate States.

gress, become the seat of the Government of 3. To regulate commerce with foreign na- the Confederate States; and to exerciso a like tions, and among the several States, and with authority over all places purchased by the conthe Indian tribes; but neither this, nor any esnt of the Legislature of the State in which other clause contained in the Constitution shall the same shall be, for the erection of forts, be construed to delegate the power to Con- magazines, arsenals' dock-yards, and other needgress to appropriate money for any internal ful buildings, and improvement intended to facilitate commerce; 18. To make all laws which shall be necesexcept for the purpose of furnishing lights, sary and proper for carrying into execution tho beacons, and buoys, and other aids to naviga- foregoing powers, and all other powers vested tion upon the coasts, and the improvement of by this Constitution in the Government of the harbors, and the removing of obstructions in Confederate States, or in any department or river navigation, in all which cases, such duties officer thereof. shall be laid on the navigation facilitated there- Sec. 9.-The importation of negroes of the by, as may be necessary to pay the costs and African race, from any foreign country, other expenses thereof.

than the slaveholding States or Territories of 4. To establish uniform laws of naturaliza- the United States of America, is hereby fortion, and uniform laws on the subject of bank- bidden; and Congress is required to pass such ruptcies throughout the Confederate States, laws as shall effectually prevent the same. but no law of Congress shall discharge any 2. Congress shall also have power to prodebt contracted before the passage of the hibit the introduction of slaves from any State

not a member of, or Territory not belonging to, 5. To coin money, regulate the value there- this Confederacy. of, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of 3. The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus weights and measures.

shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of 6. To provide for the punishment of coun- rebellion or invasion the public safety may reterfeiting the securities and current coin of the quire it. Confederate States.

4. No bill of attainder, or ex post facto law, 7. To establish post offices and post-routes; or law denying or impairing tlie right of propbut the expenses of the Post-office Department, erty in negro slaves shall be passed. after the first day of March, in the year of our 5. No capitation or other direct tax shall be Lord eighteen hundred and sixty-three, shall laid unless in proportion to the census or enube paid out of its own revenues.

meration hereinbefore directed to be taken, 8. To promote the progress of science and 6. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles useful arts, by securing for limited times to exported from any State, except by a vote of authors and inventors the exclusive right to two-thirds of both Houses. their respective writings and discoveries. 7. No preference shall be given by any regu

9. To constitute tribunals inferior to the lation of commerce or revenue to the ports of Supreme Court.

one State over those of another. 10. To define and punish piracies and felonies 8. No money shall be drawn from the treascommitted on the high seas, and offences against ury but in consequence of appropriations made the law of nations.

by law; and a regular statement and account 11. To declare war, grant letters of marque of the receipts and expenditures of all public and reprisal, and make rules concerning cap- money shall be published from time to time. tures on land and water.

9. Congress shall appropriate no money from 12. To raise and support armies; but no ap- the treasury except by a vote of two-thirds of propriation of money to that use shall be for a both Houses, taken by yeas and nays, unless longer term than two years.

it be asked and estimated for by some one of 13. To provide and maintain a navy. the heads of departments, and submitted to

14. To make rules for government and regu- Congress by the President; or for the purpose lation of the land and naval forces.

of paying its own expenses and contingencies; 15. To provide for calling forth the militia or for the payment of claims ngainst the Con. to execute the laws of the Confederate States; federate States, the justice of which shali have suppress insurrections, and repel invasions. been judicially declared by a tribunal for the

16. To provide for organizing, arining, and investigation of claims against the Governdisciplining the militia, and for governing such ment, which it is hereby made the duty of part of them as may be employed in the ser-Congress to establish. vice of the Confederate States; reserving to 10. All bills appropriating money shall specithe States, respectively, the appointment of Ify in federal currency the exact amount of each

appropriation and the purposes for which it is | excessive fines imposed, nor cruel or unusual made; and Congress shall grant no extra com- punishment inflicted. pensation to any public contractor, officer, agent, or servant, after such contract shall have been made or such service rendered.

11. No title of nobility shall be granted by the Confederate States; and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emoluments, office, or title of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state.

12. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the Government for a redress of grievances.

13. A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.

14. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war, but in a manner prescribed by law.

15. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirination, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the person or things to be seized.

20. Every law, or resolution having the force of law, shall relate to but one subject, and that shall be expressed in the title.

SEC. 10. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisals; coin money; make any thing but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder, or ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts; or grant any title of nobility.

2. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the net produce of all duties and imposts, laid by any State on imports or exports, shall be for the use of the Treasury of the Confederate States; and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of Congress.

3. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of tonnage, except on sea-going vessels, for the improvement of its rivers and harbors navigated by the said vessels; but such duties shall not conflict with any treaties of the Confederate States with foreign nations; and any surplus of revenue, thus derived, shall, after making such improvement, be paid into the common treasury; nor shall any State keep troops or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another State, or with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will not admit of delay. But when any river divides or flows through two or more States, they may enter into compacts with each other to improve the navigation thereof.

16. No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service, in time of war, or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor be compelled in any criminal case to be a witnessed against himself; nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall any private property be taken for public use without just compensation.

17. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor; and to have the assistance of counsel for his defence.

18. In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved; and no fact so tried by a jury shall be otherwise reëxamined in any court of the Confederacy, than according to the rules of the common law.

19. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor


SEC. 1.-The Executive power shall be vestin a President of the Confederate States of America. He and the Vice-President shall hold their offices for the term of six years; but the President shall not be reëligible. The President and Vice-President shall be elected as follows:

2. Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in Congress; but no Senator or Representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit under the Confederate States, shall be appointed an elector.

3. The electors shall meet in their respective States and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of

votes for each; which list they shall sign, and then act as President, and such officer shall certify, and transmit, sealed, to the Govern- then act accordingly until the disability be rement of the Confederate States, directed to the moved or a President shall be elected. President of the Senate. The President of the 9. The President shall, at stated times, reSenate shall, in the presence of the Senate and ceive for his services a compensation, which House of Representatives, open all the certifi- shall neither be increased nor diminished during cates, and the votes shall then be counted; the the period for which he shall have been electperson having the greatest number of votes for ed; and he shall not receive within that period President shall be the President, if such num- any other emolument from the Confederate ber be a majority of the whole number of elec- States, or any of them. tors appointed ; and if no person shall have 10. Before he enters on the execution of the such a majority, then, from the persons having duties of liis office, he shall take the following the highest numbers, not exceeding three, on oath or affirmation: the list of those voted for as President, the “I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will House of Representatives shall choose imunedi faithfully execute the office of President of the ately, by ballot, the President. But, in choos- Confederate States, and will, to the best of my ing the President, the votes shall be taken by ability, preserve, protect, and defend the ConStates, the Representative from each State stitution thereof." having one vote; a quorum for this purpose SEO. 2.-The President shall be commandershall consist of a meinber or members from in-chief of the army and navy of the Confedtwo-thirds of the States, and a majority of all erate States, and of the militia of the several the States shall be necessary to a choice. And States, when called into the actual service of if the House of Representatives shall not choose the Confederate States; he may require the a President, whenever the right of choice shall opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in devolve upon them, before the fourth day of each of the Executive Departments, upon any March nest following, then the Vice-President subject relating to the duties of their respective shall act as President, as in case of the death, offices; and he shall have power to grant reor other constitutional disability of the Presi. prieves and pardons for offences against the dent.

Confederate States, except in cases of impeach4. The person having the greatest number of ment. votes as Vice-President shall be the Vice-Presi- | 2. He shall have power, by and with the addent, if such number be a majority of the whole vice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, number of electors appointed; and if no person provided two-thirds of the Senators present have a majority, then from the two highest concur; and he shall nominate, and, by and numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers, consist of two-thirds of the whole number of and consuls, Judges of the Supreme Court, and Senators, and a majority of the whole number all other officers of the Confederate States, shall be necessary for a choice.

whose appointments are not herein otherwise 5. But no person constitutionally ineligible provided for, and which shall be established by to the office of President shall be eligible to law; but the Congress may by law vest the that of Vice-President of the Confederate appointment of such inferior officers, as they States.

think proper, in the President alone, in the 6. The Congress may determine the time of courts of law, or in the heads of departments. choosing the electors, and the day on which 3. The principal officer in each of the Executhey shall give their votes; which day shall be tive Departments, and all persons connected the same throughout the Confederate States. with the diplomatic service, may be removed

7. No person except a natural born citizen from office at the pleasure of the President. of the Confederate States, or a citizen thereof, All other civil officers of the Executive Departat the time of the adoption of this Constitution, ment may be removed at any time by the Presior a citizen thereof born in the United States dent, or other appointing power, when their prior to the 20th December, 1860, shall be services are unnecessary, or for dishonesty, ineligible to the office of President; neither shall capacity, inefficiency, misconduct, or neglect any person be eligible to that office who shall of duty; and when so removed, the removal not have attained the age of thirty-five years, shall be reported to the Senate, together with and been fourteen years a resident within the the reasons therefor. limits of the Confederate States, as they may 4. The President shall have power to fill all exist at the time of his election.

vacancies that may happen during the recess 8. In case of the removal of the President of the Senate, by granting commissions which from office, or of his death, resignation, or in- shall expire at the end of the next session ; but ability to discharge the powers and duties of no person rejected by the Senate shall be rethe said office, the same shall devolve on the appointed to the same office during their ensuVice-President; and the Congress may, by law, ing recess. provide for the case of the removal, death, resig- Sec. 3.-The President shall, from time to nation, or inability both of the President and time, give to the Congress information of the the Vice-President, declaring what officer shall I state of the Confederacy, and recommend to



their consideration such measures as he shall | the punishment of treason, but no attainder judge necessary and expedient; he may, on of treason shall work corruption of blood, or extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, forfeiture, except during the life of the peror either of them; and, in case of disagreement son attainted. between them, with respect to the time of adjournment he may adjourn them to such time

Sec. 1.-Full faith and credit shall be given as he shall think proper; he shall receive am- in each State to the public acts, records, and bassadors and other public ministers; he shall judicial proceedings of every other State. And take care that the laws be faithfully executed, the Congress way, by general laws, prescribe and shall commission all the officers of the the manner in which such acts, records, and Confederate States.

proceedings shall be proved, and the effect Sec. 4.-The President and Vice-President, thereof. and all civil officers of the Confederate States,

Sec. 2.-The citizens of each State shall be shall be removed from office on impeachment entitled to all the privileges and immunities of för, or conviction of, treason, bribery, or other citizens of the several States, and shall have high crimes and misdemeanors.

the right of transit and sojourn in any State of

this Confederacy, with their slaves and other Sec. 1.-The judicial power of the Confederate property; and the right of property in said States shall be vested in one Superior Court, slaves hall not be thereby impaired. and in such inferior courts as the Congress may 2. A person charged in any State with treafrom time to time ordain and establish. The son, felony, or other crime against the laws of judges, both of the Supreme and inferior courts, such State, who shall flee from justice, and be shall liold their offices during good behavior, found in another State, shall, on demand of the and shall, at stated times, receive for their ser- executive authority of the State from which he vices a compensation, which shall not be dimin- Ned, be delivered up to be removed to the State ished during their continuance in office. having jurisdiction of the crime.

Sec. 2.—The judicial power shall extend to 3. No slave or other person held to service all cases arising under the Constitution, the or labor in any State or Territory of the Conlaws of the Confederate States, or treaties made federate States, under the laws thereof, escapor which shall be made under their authority; ing or unlawfully carried into another, shall, in to all cases affecting ambassadors, other public consequence of any law or regulation therein, ministers, and consuls; to all cases of adiniralty be discharged from such service or labor; but or maritime jurisdiction; to controversies to shall be delivered up on claim of the party to which the Confederate States shall be a party; whom such slave belongs, or to whom such to controversies between two or more States; service or labor may be due. between a State and citizens of another State, Seo. 3.--Other States may be admitted into where the State is plaintiff'; between citizens this Confederacy by a vote of two-thirds of the claiming lands under grants of different States, whole House of Representatives, and twoand between a State or the citizens thereof, thirds of the Senate, the Senate voting by and foreign States, citizens, or subjects; but no States; but no new State shall be formed or State shall be sued by a citizen or subject of erected within the jurisdiction of any other any foreign State.

State; nor any State be formed by the junction 2. In all cases affecting ambassadors, other of two or more States, or parts of States, withpublic ininisters, and consuls, and those in out the consent of the Legislatures of the States which a State shall be a party, the Supreme concerned as well as of the Congress. Court shall have original jurisdiction. In all 2. The Congress shall have power to dispose the other cases before mentioned, the Supreme of and make all needful rules and regulations Court shall have appellate jurisdiction, both as concerning the property of the Confederate to law and fact, with such exceptions, and States, including the lands thereof. under such regulations as the Congress shall 3. The Confederate States may acquire new make.

territory; and Congress shall have power to 3. The trial of all crimes, except in cases of legislate and provide governments for the inimpeachment, shall be by jury, and such trial habitants of all territory belonging to the Conshell be held in the State where the said crimes federate States, lying without the limits of the shall have been committed; but when not several States, and may permit them, at such committed within any State, the trial shall be times, and in such manner as it may by law at such place or places as the Congress may by provide, to forin States to be adınitted into the law have directed.

Confederacy. In all such territory, the instituSec. 3.-Treason against the Confederate tion of negro slavery, as it now exists in the States shall consist only in levying war against Confederate States, shall be recognized and them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving protected by Congress and by the territorial them aid and comfort. No person shall be government; and the inhabitants of the several convicted of treason unless on the testimony of Confederate States and Territories shall have two witnesses to the samo overt act, or on con- the right to take to such territory any slaves fession in open court.

lawfully held by them in any of the States or 2. The Congress shall have power to declare Territories of the Confederate States.



any three


4. The Confederate States shall guarantee to by it to the States, are reserved to the States, every State that now is or hereafter may be- respectively, or to the people thereof. come a member of this Confederacy, a Republican form of Government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on appli- Seo, 1.–The ratitication of the conventions of cation of the Legislature, (or of the Executive five States shall be sutticient for the establishwhen the Legislature is not in session,) against ment of this Constitution between the States so domestic violence.

ratifying the same.

When five States shall have ratified this Con

stitution in the manner before specified, the Sec. 1.-Upon the demand of States, legally assembled in their several Con- shall prescribe the time for holding the election

Congress, under the provisional Constitution, ventions, the Congress shall summon a Convention of all the States, to take into consider- of President and Vice-President, and for the ation such amendinents to the Constitution as

meeting of the electoral college, and for countthe said States shall concur in suggesting at the They shall also prescribe the time for holding

ing the votes and inaugurating the President. time when the said demand is made; and the first election of members of Congress under should any of the proposed amendments to the this Constitution, and the time for assembling Constitution be agreed on by the said Conven

the same.

Until the assembling of such Contion-voting by States—and the same be ratified by the Legislatures of two-thirds of the gress, the Congress under the provisional Conseveral States, or by conventions in two-thirds tive powers granted them; not extending be:

stitution shall continue to exercise the legislathereof, as the one or the other mode of ratifi- yond the time limited by the Constitution of cation may be proposed by the general conven- the Provisional Government. tion—they shall thenceforward form a part of this Constitution. But no State shall, without

Adopted, unanimously, Marel 11, 1861.

-Memphis Avalanche, July 31. its consent, be deprived of its equal representation in the Senate.

Doo. 98.
Sec. 1.–The Government established by this
Constitution is the successor of the Provisional

OCCUPATION OF FAIRFAX COURT Government of the Confederate States of Amer

HOUSE, VA. ica, and all the laws passed by the latter shall GENERAL MCDOWELL'S DESPATCI. continne in force until the same shall be re

FAIRFAX Court IIoosz, July 17, 1861. pealed or modified; and all the officers appoint- Colonel E. D. Townsend, Ilead-quarters of the ed by the same shall remain in office until their

Army at Washington :sucoessors are appointed and qualified, or the offices abolished.

We have occupied Fairfax Court Ilouse, and 2. All debts contracted and engagements en.

driven the enemy towards Centreville and Ma

nassas. We have an officer and three men tered into before the adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the Confederate slightly wounded. The enemy's tlight was so States under this Constitution as under the precipitate that he left in our hands a quantity

of flour, fresh beef, intrenching tools, hospital Provisional Government.

3. This Constitution, and the laws of the furniture, and baggage. I endeavored to purConfederate States, made in pursuance thereof,

sue beyond Centreville, but the men were too and all treaties made, or which shall be made, much exhausted to do so. Most respectfully under the authority of the Confederate States,



Brigadier-General. shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be bound thereby, NEW YORK "TIMES" NARRATIVES. any thing in the Constitution or laws of any

Fairfax Corrt House, Va., State to the contrary notwithstanding.

Wednesday, July 17, 1861.

} 4. The Senators and Representatives before Here we are—in peaceable possession of Fairmentioned, and the members of the several fax Court House, without a fight and in hot State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial pursuit of a flying foe. The column will move offices, both of the Confederate States and of on as soon as the others come up, and probably the several States, shall be bound, by oath or encamp at Centreville to-night, within eight affirmation, to support this Constitution; but miles of Manassas Junction, at which point the no religious test shall ever be required as a rebels can be accommodated with a light toqnalification to any office of public trust under morrow, if they feel inclined. the Confederate States.

I came on with the centre column, under 5. The enumeration, in the Constitution, of Col. Hunter-Gon. McDowell commanding in certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or person. I drove over last night to the General's disparage others retained by the people of the head-quarters at Arlington House, and although several States.

he was absent, the whole appearance of things 6. The powers not delegated to the Confed-was exceedingly symptomatic of a forward erate States by the Constitution, nor prohibited I move. The servants were mysterious. The

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