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the First brigade, came up to a point at the foot | onel Miles' Fifth division, representing a force of a steep hill, some two and a half miles this of over forty thousand men, will all move over side of Fall's Church, one of his aids, who had different routes towards Fairfax Court House, been reconnoitring in advance, dashed up to and occupy such positions as to leave the rebels him and reported having seen two hundred of no other alternative than retreat or surrender. the enemy's cavalry a short distance ahead, to A similar plan of operations will be followed the right of the road. A halt was at once made, in regard to the rebel forces at the Junction. and six companies of the First and an equal number of the Second Connecticut Regiments deployed as skirmishers to the right and left of the road. Thus protected against surprise, the army again moved on, and after a march of two hours reached this point just before sunset, without coming in sight of the enemy.
JULY 17-5 A. M.
To-day's march of the First division will be slow, as many obstructions will have to be removed from the road. It is almost certain that the troops will have to fight a portion of their
-N. Y. Herald, July 18.
The entire division is now forming. All the Arrived here, the different regiments of the men are still full of metal, in spite of the untwo first brigades were at once marched into comfortable night they spent in the moist fields, the adjoining fields, stacked their arms, par- and show their gladness at the immediate prostook of their cold supper, and then prepared pect of an encounter with the rebels by continfor their night's rest. At about eight o'clocked cheering. The Ohio regiments seem parCol. Sherman's and Col. Richardson's brigades ticularly anxious to square up their Vienna came in, and at this hour of writing-nine P. M.-the whole division is encamped about the town, and strong pickets are stationed on all the roads leading towards the enemy, and the batteries accompanying the division are stationed so as to command all the approaches. The nearest picket of the enemy, one hundred strong, is only a mile from town, on the road to Fairfax Court House.
GERMANTOWN, July 17-1 P. M.
The second day's movements of the First division of the grand army, under General Tyler, from Vienna to this point, although more obstructed than yesterday's, have been entirely successful up to the time of writing. column commenced moving at half-past five Lieut. Tompkins, of the cavalry company, o'clock this morning, in the order observed went out reconnoitring this evening, and dis- yesterday, with a variation in the Third bricovered obstructions on the road a short dis-gade, which was to-day headed by the gallant tance from town. The half demolished train | New York Sixty-ninth. The road, immediately of platform cars that carried the Ohio troops after emerging from Vienna, enters heavy timon their unfortunate reconnoissance of this point, some weeks since, is still standing where it was fired upon from the masked battery. Leonard B. Perkins, a well-known Union man of Fairfax County, acts as guide to the division.
General Tyler's staff will spend the night at the house of Mr. J. B. Bowman, another enthusiastic Union man, who made himself so obnoxious to the rebels by transporting the dead and wounded Ohio men into Alexandria free of charge.
The wife of Colonel Richardson, commanding the Fourth brigade, is the only lady with the expedition.
Great relief is felt by all the Union men in this vicinity in consequence of the appearance of the Union troops, as rebel squads had for the last two days scoured the country for the purpose of forcibly impressing all male inhabitants into service.
The division is ordered to resume its march at five o'clock to-morrow morning. Its destination is Germantown, a village one mile west of Fairfax Court House. Gen. Tyler's orders are to take such a position as to cut off all communication between Fairfax Court House and Manassas Junction.
ber. About a mile from the village a heavy obstruction, consisting of about fifty large trees, was discovered in the road. Captain Alexander, of the Engineer corps, immediately put his pioneers to work with their axes, and in less than twenty minutes the whole of the barricade was cleared away and the column moved onward.
Having reached the edge of the timber, two companies of each of the Connecticut regiments were again deployed as skirmishers on the right and left of the column, under command of Colonel Spiedel. Captain Hawley's company of the First Regiment had been in motion but a few minutes when it came up with three mounted rebels, who allowed themselves to be captured without resistance. At about the same time some stragglers of the Sixty-ninth, while upon an excursion to an adjoining farm-house, during a halt, surprised a fourth mounted rebel. The prisoners were brought before General Tyler, to whom they gave free information as to the position of the enemy. According to their statements, a strong force was intrenched about two miles ahead of the column, in front of Fairfax Court House.
The division marched a short distance further on, when a reconnoissance by Colonel Keyes, I am now permitted to state, what has been commanding the First brigade, resulted in the known to me for several days, namely, that discovery of two evidently mounted earthGeneral Tyler's First, and Colonel Hunter's works, protected by bodies of infantry and cav Second, Colonel Heintzelman's Third, and Col-alry, to the left of the road, at the distance
stated by the prisoners. Colonel Keyes immediately pushed on the advance brigade along the road, with a view to getting in the rear of the enemy, while General Tyler ordered General Schenck's brigade to form in battle array in the fields, to the left of the road. The Third and Fourth brigades, under Colonel Sherman and Colonel Richardson, formed on the road. But the rebels abandoned their position as soon as General Schenck's column commenced moving on through the fields and the other brigades up the road.
With a spyglass the roads leading to Fairfax Court House could be seen covered with retreating rebels. The head of the First brigade came within a few hundred yards of a body of them, and Colonel Keyes ordered a section of Captain Varian's battery to throw a few shells among them, which was done with remarkable promptness. The enemy ran as soon as the first shot was fired.
Hent's Hill, some two and a half miles west of Vienna, being reached, and the enemy being evidently still retreating, General Schenck's brigade again fell into line and the column continued its march in the order of the morning. A thick piece of woods was entered, in an opening of which tangible evidence of the hurry in which the rebels had retreated was found, in the shape of a large number of blankets, pistols, guns, canteens, &c., &c., that had been indiscriminately thrown away, and were immediately appropriated by our soldiers. A short distance from the abandoned rebel camp two more abatis were discovered in the road, and removed by the pioneers in a few minutes. The column was about pushing on, when scouts came rushing in and reported a battery of several pieces less than half a mile ahead. Colonel Keyes immediately started an aid to General Tyler, requesting him to send some rifled pieces to his assistance. About half an hour elapsed, when Captain Ayres' battery of eight pieces came thundering along the road. Meantime other scouts had come in and reported that the rebels had precipitately abandoned the battery, and were retreating in hot haste with their pieces. So it turned out. But Colonel Keyes, nevertheless, ordered the skirmishers to push slowly on, and Captain Ayres' rifled pieces to throw some shells in the enemy's work. Three shells were in a few minutes afterwards lodged in the breast work. But the enemy had disappeared, and the intrenchments were quietly entered and taken possession of by the skirmishers. The position was a very strong one, and could have been easily defended. A large quantity of shovels, picks, bags of oats, buckets, &c., was found in the work, and camp fires were still burning in the rear
Half a mile further on, Germantown, a hamlet of half a dozen houses, was reached and found almost deserted. The only white person left stated that twenty-five hundred rebels, ineluding Colonel Cash's South Carolina Regi
ment, had occupied the breast works, and retreated only about fifteen minutes before the Union skirmishers appeared in sight of the town.
A short halt is now being made for dinner by the First division, in the woods adjoining Germantown. The division will move on this afternoon to the vicinity of Centreville, where the enemy is said to be in strong force. HALF-PAST ONE, P. M.
General McDowell and staff have just arrived, at the head of four companies of cavalry. He reports Fairfax Court House evacuated, and occupied by Colonel Hunter's division; Colonels Heintzelman and Miles's divisions are a short distance south of the Court House. All four divisions will move on towards the Junction to
The General decided not to move forward any further to-night, mainly because the troops had been so fatigued by their day's march as to render any further movement unadvisable. They are encamped accordingly in this vicinity, a large portion of the central column being in the village and its immediate neighborhood, though Col. Tyler's Division holds position about half way between Germantown and Centreville. Col. Heintzelman had not been heard from at three o'clock, and Gen. McDowell took an escort and proceeded to the point designated for him to occupy. I have not seen him since his return, but believe he found all right.
Every thing we see here shows that the rebels left the place in the greatest imaginable haste. Judging from the camps in the vicinity, as well as from the statements of the inhabitants, there must have been from 5,000 to 8,000 rebel troops here this morning. It is said that Gen. Beauregard was here in person last night, and left word for the troops, who were commanded by Col. Bonham, to retire if attacked by a superior force. They are said to have commenced the retreat at about nine o'clock, when our troops were about five miles off. Why they should have gone in such extreme haste, it is not easy to see. The intrenchments thrown up a mile in advance of the town were so hastily abandoned, that provisions of every kind, rice, bacon, flour, etc., with blankets and clothing of the officers, were left behind. It was not very apparent that any guns had ever been mounted here, though the engineers thought that some eight guns had been placed in position. I saw no evidence of this, except the marks of what might have been artillery wheels, though they seemed to me quite as likely to have been the wheels of wagons used to bring the sand bags with which the embrasures were lined. If any
were there, they were moved off with great prospect. These depredations were far too rapidity.
numerous for the credit of our troops, and I But the strongest evidence of haste was was glad to see, as I passed the General's headfound in the abandoned camps. In that of the quarters, half a dozen of the offenders under Palmetto Guards, lying nearest the side of the arrest and in a fair way of receiving the punvillage at which our troops entered, almost ishment which they deserve. every thing remained untouched. The uni- This matter of plunder, lowever, it is humilforms of the officers, plates, cans, dishes, and iating to confess, is more or less inseparable camp equipage of every kind, an immense from war. It is not possible when 30,000 or quantity of excellent bacon, blankets, over- 40,000 men aro marching through an enerny's coats, etc., etc., were left behind, and the country, to prevent them from supplying their tables of the officers, spread for breakfast, re- necessities and gratifying their lawless propenmained untouched. In the vest pocket of one sities by depredations upon the foe. The Èngof the officers was found a gold watch; in an- | lish understand this, and, as a matter of necesother was a roll of ten cent pieces, amounting sity, permit it. A good deal of this, in the case to ten dollars; letters, papers, books and every of our troops, is due to the spirit of frolic, which thing collected in a camp which had been occu- characterizes their progress thus far in this pied for some days, were abandoned without war. They act as if the whole expedition were the slightest attempt to take them away. In a gigantic picnic excursion. After we were another camp in a field at the extremity of the fairly in town to-day, two of the troops dressed town, occupied by another South Carolina regi- themselves in women's clothes and promenaded ment, the same evidences of extreme haste were the town amid the shouts and not over-delicate visible. Unopened bales of blankets were attentions of the surrounding troops. Others found; scarcely any of the utensils of the camp paraded the streets under the shade of the tathad been removed, and bags of flour and flitches tered umbrellas which they had found in camp; of bacon were scattered over the ground. and one, donning a gown and broad bands,
One discovery was made of some significance. marched solemnly down the principal street, Gen. McDowell has had the Topographical En- with an open book before him, reading the gineers under his charge employed for some funeral - service of "that secession scoundrel, weeks in preparing a very minute and accurate Jeff. Davis.” All these humors of the camp map of this portion of the State. It had been help to pass the time, and are pursued with brought to a very high state of perfection, and just as much reckless abandon now that they was particularly valuable from the fact that no are on the eve of a battle which may send half good maps of this county have ever before been of them into eternity, as if they were simply on made. A few photographic copies of this map a holiday excursion. Perhaps it is well that were made a few days since for the use of the they do not take the matter any more seriously War Department, and of the officers engaged in to heart, for it is one which will scarcely bear the movement. One of these maps was found very serious reflection. in the camp of the Palmetto Guards. Of course The men are in capital spirits, and are quite it could only have come there by the treachery ready for the approaching crisis. The best atof some person holding responsible position in tainable information leads us to believe that the our Government.
enemy is quite as strong as we are at Manassas, The discovery of these abandoned camps and that they have the advantage of intrenehafforded a splendid opportunity for our troops ments, constructed carefully and at leisure, to replenish their slender stock of camp furni- under the immediate supervision of Gen. Beauture. They rushed to the plunder with a de- regard, and the additional advantage of rapid gree of enthusiasm which I only hope will be railroad communication with Richmond and equalled when they come to fight. Men were their base of operations. It is said here that seen crossing the fields in every direction loaded Gen. B. informed the troops here last night with booty of every description-some with that, whether they contested the possession of tents, some with blankets, overcoats, tin pans, this place or not, the question of an independgridirons—every thing which the most fastidi- ent Southern Confederacy would be decided at ous soldier could desire. I am sorry to say that Manassas, and that he made each man of them they did not limit their predatory exploits to take an oath to fight to the last man. these camps, which might, perhaps, be consid. had not heard a good deal of this before, and ered fair objects of plunder. The appetite once seen these oathis followed by swift retreats, we excited became ungovernable, and from camps might attach more importance to them.
Acthey proceeded to houses, and from plunder io cording to present appearances
, bowerer, I am wanton destruction. Five or six houses were inclined to think that the rebels will dispute set on fire, others were completely sacked—the Manassas with whatever of force and vigor they furniture stolen, the windows smashed, and possess; and it is not impossible that Gen. Mcbooks and papers scattered to the winds. Pres. Dowell may deem it advisable to await reenently in came soldiers bringing chickens, tur-forcements, if, after reconnoitring it, he finds keys, pigs, etc., swung upon their bayonets, the place as formidable as lie anticipates. proud of their exploits, and exultant over the The troops are bivouacked to-night in the luxurious and unwonted feast in immediate l fields and under the open sky. The General
, like the men, sleep on the ground, I apportioned among the several States which rolled in their blankets; and I found the Gen- may be included within this Confederacy, aceral at three o'clock taking his dinner of bread cording to their respective numbers, which and cheese, with a slice of ham, on the top of shall be determined by adding to the whole an overturned candle-box by the side of the number of free persons, including those bound main highway. When it comes to sleeping, I to service for a term of years, and excluding rejoice that I am a civilian, for I am much Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all slaves. better cared for to-night than the commander | The actual enumeration shall be made within of this, the largest force ever marshalled under three years after the first meeting of the Conone general on this continent. There are two gress of the Confederate States, and within hotels in this place, both evidently feeble at every subsequent term of ten years, in such their best estate, and just now, after a pro- manner as they shall by law direct. The numlonged visit of rapacious and boisterous rebels, ber of Representatives shall not exceed one for in a state of suspended animation.
every fifty thousand, but each State shall have Capt. Rawlings, of the New Hampshire Regi- at least one Representative; and until such ment, with that versatility which enables a enumeration shall be made, the State of South New Englander to turn from commanding Carolina shall be entitled to choose six; the armies to keeping a hotel with marvellous State of Georgia ten; the State of Alabama facility, has succeeded in infusing into the mind nine; the State of da two; the State of of the invalid widow who keeps one of them Mississippi seven; the State of Louisiana six; that the national troops have not come to sweep and the State of Texas six. her and hers from the face of the earth. She 4. When vacancies happen in the represenhas accordingly provided me with a bed, which, tation of any State, the Executive authority if not luxurious, is, to my untutored mind, de- thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such cidedly preferable to one on the ground, even vacancies. under the brilliant sky and softly superb moon 5. The House of Representatives shall choose of this July night.
H. J. R. their Speaker and other officers; and shall -N. Y. Times, July 20. have the sole power of impeachment; except
that any judicial or other federal otticer resident DO 971.
and acting solely within the limits of any State,
may be impeached by a vote of two-thirds of THE CONSTITUTION
both branches of the Legislature thereof.
Seo. 3.-The Senate of the Confederate CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA." States shall be composed of two Senators
from each Stato, chosen for six years by the We, the people of the Confederate States, Legislature thereof, at the regular session next each State acting in its sovereign and inde- immediately preceding the commencement of pendent character, in order to form a perma- the term of service; and each Senator shall hent federal government, establish justice, in- have one vote. sure domestic tranquillity, and secure the bless
2. Immediately after they shall be assemings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity – bled, in consequence of the first election, they invoking the favor and guidance of Almighty shall be divided as equally as may be into three God-do ordain and establish this Constitution classes. The seats of the Senators of the first for the Confederate States of America.
class shall be vacated at the expiration of the
second year ; of the second class at the expiraSeo. 1.-All legislative powers herein dele. lion of the fourth year; and of the third class gated shall be vested in a Congress of the Con- at the expiration of the sixth year; so that federate States, which shall consist of a Senate one-third may be chosen every second year; and House of Representatives.
and if vacancies happen by resignation or Sec. 2.-The House of Representatives shall otherwise during the recess of the Legislature be chosen every second year by the people of of any State, the Executive thereof may make the several States; and the electors in each temporary appointments until the next meeting State shall be citizens of the Confederate of the Legislature, which shall then fill such States, and have the qualifications requisite for vacancies. electors of the most numerous branch of the 3. No person shall be a Senator, who shall Stato Legislature; but no person of foreign not have attained the age of thirty years, and birth, not a citizen of the Confederate States, be a citizen of the Confederate States; and shall be allowed to vote for any officer, civil or who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant political, State or Federal.
of the State for which he shall be chosen. 2. No person shall be a Representative who 4. The Vice-President of the Confederate shall not have attained the age of twenty-five States shall be President of the Senate, but years, and be a citizen of the Confederate shall have no vote, unless they be equally diStates, and who shall not, when elected, be an vided. inhabitant of that State in which he shall be 5. The Senate shall choose their other offichosen.
cers, and also a President pro tempore, in the 3. Repres atives and direct taxes shall be I absence of the Vice-President, or when he
shall exercise the office of President of the 2. No Senator or Representative shall, durConfederate States.
ing the time for which he was elected, be ap6. The Senate shall have sole power to try pointed to any civil office under the authority all impeachments. When sitting for that pur- of the Confederate States, which shall Lare pose they shall be on oath or affirmation. been created, or the emoluments whereof shall When the President of the Confederate States have been increased during such time; and no is tried, the Chief-Justice shall preside ; and no person holding any office under the Confedperson shall be convicted without the concur- erate States shall be a member of either House rence of two-thirds of the members present. during his continuance in office. But Congress
7. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall may, by law, grant to the principal officer in not extend further than removal from office, each of the Executive Departments a seat upon and disqualification to hold and enjoy any ottice the floor of either House, with the privilege of of honor, trust, or profit, under the Confederate discussing any measure appertaining to his deStates; but the party convicted shall, never-partment. theless, be liable to and subject to indictment, Sec. 7.—All bills for raising revenue shall trial, judgment, and punishment according to originate in the House of Representatives; but law.
the Senate may propose or concur with amendSeo. 4.—The times, places, and manner of ments as on other bills. holding elections for Senators and Representa- 2. Every bill which shall have passed both
shall be prescribed in each State by the Ilouses shall, before it becomes a law, be preLegislature thereof, subject to the provisions of sented to the President of the Confederate this Constitution; but the Congress may, at States; if he approve he shall sign it; but if any time, by law, make or alter such regula- not, he shall return it with his objections to tions, except as to the times and places of that House in which it shall have originated, choosing Senators.
who shall enter the objections at large on their 2. The Congress shall assemble at least once journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after in every year; and such meeting shall be on such reconsideration, two-thirds of that blouse the first Monday in December, unless they shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, toshall, by law, appoint a different day.
gether with the objections, to the other House, Seo. 5.- Each House shall be the judge of by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and the elections, returns, and qualifications of its if approved by two-thirds of that llouse, it own members, and a majority of each shall shall become a law. But in all such cases, the constitute a quorum to do business ; but a votes of both Houses shall be determined by smaller number may adjourn from day to day, yeas and nays, and the names of the persons and may be authorized to compel the attend- voting for and against the bill shall be entered ance of absent members, in such manner and on the journal of each liouse respectively. under such penalties as each House may pro- If any bill shall not be returned by the Presivide.
dent within ten days (Sundays excepted) after 2. Each House may determine the rules of it shall have been presented to him, the same its proceedings, punish its members for disor- shall be a law, in like manner as if he had derly behavior, and, with the concurrence of signed it, unless the Congress, by their adtwo-thirds of the whole number, expel a mem- journment, prevent its return; in which case ber.
it sball not be a law. The President may ap3. Each House shall keep a journal of its prove any appropriation and disapprove any proceedings, and from time to time publish the other appropriation in the same bill. In such same, excepting such part as may in its judg- case he shall, in signing the bill, designate the ment require secrecy, and the ayes and pays appropriations disapproved; and shall return a of the members of either IIouse, on any ques- copy of such appropriations, with his objection, shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those tions, to the House in which the bill shall hare present, be entered on the journal.
originated; and the same proceedings shall 4. Neither House, during the session of then be had as in case of other bills disapCongress, shall, without the consent of the proved by the President. other, adjourn for more than three days, nor 3. Every order, resolution, or vote, to which to any other place than that in which the two the concurrence of both Houses may be necesHouses shall be sitting.
sary (except on questions of adjournment) Seo. 6.—The Senators and Representatives shall be presented to the President of the Conshall receive a compensation for their services, federate States; and before the same shall take to be ascertained by law, and paid ont of the effect shall be approved by him; or being disTreasury of the Confederate States. They approved by him, may be repassed by tiroshall, in all cases except treason and breach of thirds of both Houses, according to the rules the peace, be privileged from arrest during and limitations prescribed in case of a bill. their attendance at the session of their respec- Sec. 8.—The Congress shall have powertive Houses, and in going to and returning 1. To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, from the same; and for any speech or debate and excises, for revenue necessary to pay tbe in either House, they shall not be questioned debts, provide for the common defence, and in any other place.
carry on the Government of the Confederate