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-This morning at daybreak fourteen rebel | Third Assistants, Matthew O'Brien and Simeon scouts attacked three pickets of the Fourth W. Cumınings. She has a crew of sixty-five Pennsylvania Regiment, belonging to Company men and twenty marines.” E stationed on Shuter's Hill, Va., four miles

-The Charleston Mercury published the from Alexandria, wounding Lewellan Roemer, following on the Confederate Commissioners of Blue Bell, and killing Thomas Murray, of in Europe: It is now several months since Norristown. The pickets returned the fire, our commissioners were sent to Europe. Thus killing two rebels and wounding a third. One far it seems they have got no further than Engof the slain was a sergeant of the Letcher land. Mr. Rost, one of them, has gone over to Gaard. The rebels beat a hasty retreat. The France ; but as he can have no authority to act firing having been heard by the Union troops, alone, we presume that he goes rather to ascera detachment of Zouaves and another of the tain the views of the Emperor of the French Fourth Pennsylvania Regiment reinforced the than to make a treaty. We infer from Mr. pickets, and followed in the trail of the rebels Rost's departure from London to Paris that for some distance, finding four rifles and three nothing has been accomplished in England. revolvers, wbich the latter threw away in their

Indeed, from the order in Council forbidding hasty flight. One of the revolvers, very valu- Confederate privateers bringing their prizes able, was marked with the name of John John-into Britislı ports, we are only surprised that son, a farmer living in that vicinity, who is a any of the Commissioners should have renoted rebel. The Pennsylvanians behaved mained in London a day after this new order with great spirit and with the coolness of vet

was issued. This is an act of quasi hostility, erans, boldly holding their position, though which, it appears to us, ought to have arrested wounded, in the hope of being reinforced. -- a conference with the British authorities. It X. Y. Herald, July 1.

was well known that, whilst Great Britain has -Joux WILLIAMS, who behaved so bravely the greatest interest in the independence of the in the skirmish at Matthias Point, carrying Confederate States, there is an element of antithe American flag out of the fight in safety, slavery fanaticism which would, in all likelithough it was completely riddled with bullets hood, paralyze her counsels in our favor. as he went, was promoted to the post Why our commissioners have lingered so of Master's Mate for his gallant conduct.-N.Y. long in England, and have not gone directly to Times, July 1.

the greatest source of success, the government -YESTERDAY the armed steamer Sumter, of France, we are at a loss to determine. By " of the Confederate States Navy," ran the pretermitting the Emperor of the French, the blockade of New Orleans, and got safely to sea.

British ministry have had the opportunity of The New Orleans Picayune, in noting the fact, obtaining, perhaps, liis co-operation in the line said:-" The first vessel of our little navy, the of policy they design to pursue. By a direct C. S. steamer-of-war Sumter, sailed on Sat- communication with him, he would most proburday last, on a cruise, having ran the paper ably have controlled instead of supporting the blockade of the Lincoln Abolition war steam-policy of England. ers, off the mouth of the Mississippi. She lias We, of course, do not know the means used a picked crew, and her commander is known to by our government to conciliate the prompt acbe a most brave and chivalrous sailor, and he knowledgment of our independence by France has under him a most gallant set of officers: and England, but it is clear, if we expected Commander, Raphael Semmes; Lieutenants, then to depart from that policy which the Jolin M. Kells, R. F. Chapman, W. E. Evans, laws of nations strictly required, we must offer J. V. Stribling; Paymaster, Henry Myers; them inducements of industry. Our separation Paxed Assistant-Surgeon, Francis L. Galt; from the North, and our lower tariff, certainly Lieutenant of Marines, Becket E. Howell; Mid- gave them the prospect of great commercial shipmen, Richard F. Armstrong, W. A. Ilicks, advantages, from our independence; but the A. G. Hudgins, J. D. Wilson; Gunner, Thomas tariff might be changed-it might be made low C. Cuddy; Sail-maker, M. P. Beaufort; Engi- from motives of present policy, and we might, neers, First Assistant, acting as chief, Miles J. after that policy is accomplished, in our indeFreeman; Second Assistant, W. P. Brouks; pendence have renewed higher duties. To

VOL. II.-DIARY 4

present to these great States alluring assur- | he entered, from North Carolina, in 1823. He ances of present commercial advantages, it ap- graduated with honor and entered the United pears to us our commissioners ought to have States service, his first commission as second proposed a low maximum of duties, to extend lieutenant of artillery bearing date July 1, 1827. over many years yet to come.

“He did not remain long in the army, howIt is absurd to suppose that either France or ever, but resigned in December of the same Great Britain will run the risk of disagreeable, year, and embarked in another and different if not hostile complications with the United field of usefuluess. General Polk will bring to States, without the security of clear advantages the discharge of the duties of his position, a to be obtained. When we have fairly fought mature judgment, ripe scholarship, unusual out our independence, of course all foreign na- activity of mind and body, great firmness and tions will acknowledge us; but to take us by decision of character, a chivalric bearing, and the hand when we are weak and want their the presence and mien of a thorough soldier. aid, and when our position is surrounded with Though not a stickler for mere etiquette of the doubts—in their opinion, at least—as to our camp, he is a rigid disciplinarian, and, withial, future success, we must offer such inducements, the very man to win the confidence, and comstrongly appealing to their interests, as will mand the respect of his soldiers.” indemnify them for all risk in taking us in their

-A CORRESPONDENT of the Charleston (S. C.) embraces by friendly commercial treaties.

Courier, writing from Richmond, Va., says: Have our commissioners been empowered to “There are few points of a war character which, offer to France and England a treaty guarantee- just at this time, can appropriately form the ing for a number of years low duties on their subject of a letter. All eyes, however, are dimanufactured commodities imported into the rected towards Manassas, and it is not improbConfederate States? We fear not; for if they able that by the time these lines reach your had been empowered to make such treaties, we readers, the telegraph will have preceded me are satisfied that they might have returned with the details of a great battle. The northhome with their mission completely successful, ern despatches all indicate the gradual approach and the war on our frontier, on the part of the of the two armies, the strengthening of outUnited States, reduced to a weak absurdity. posts and various other movements which fore

-LEONIDAS Polk, better known as Bishop run hostilities. The southern press, on the Polk, of Louisiana, having received the appoint- contrary, are discreetly silent, and all we know ment of Major-General in the rebel service, as is what we see ourselves, or hear from those sumed the command of his division. His head who have seen for us; but the two sources of quarters were at Memphis, Tenn., in the neigh-intelligence concur in the fact that unless the borhood of which the troops comprising his com- good Lord creates a modern Babel at Muinasmand had their rendezvous. “This is the first in- sas and Alexandria, or drops down between stance," says the Memphis Appeal,“ in the coun- the armies a veil of Cimmerian darkness, nature, try's history of the appointment of a high-church personal gravitation, and animal magnetism will dignitary to a position of so much responsibility as certainly conspire to produce a collision as in the military service, and will, therefore, as a the multiplication table tells the truth. matter of course, evoke criticism among the old “There are some yet, however, who affect to fogies of the red-tape school. But apart from believe that we shall have a peace before we the fact that the acceptance of this appointment have a fight. The reaction so long predicted at was urged upon Gen. Polk with great earnest- the North having begun, the circulating petiness by the President, the general-in-chief of tions of merchants, bankers, clergymen, and the army, and other military officers of distinc-other citizens of New York, which are presstion who are well acqnainted with his qualifi- ing their peaceful influences upon Abraham Lincations, there is much in the character and his coln, are also operating here. The qnestion is tory of the appointee which inclines to the already being discussed in its various bearings, opinion that the selection is highly judicious, and the auspicious event has even been assigned and one which will give great satisfaction. a place this side of Christmas. General Polk received a thorongh military “We have no idea, however, of giving np the education at the West Point Academy, which contest without, at least, one grand exhibition

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