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INSTITUTE HALL ("SECEDERS") CONVENTION.
After the retirement of Mr. Cushing from the Presidency of the Convention in the theatre, the public lost interest in that body. There were several sensation scenes in the morning, the most remarkable of which was Mr. Cushing dropping the gavel and leaving the chair, and Mr. Todd taking his place, with the Convention cheering heartily. But when it was evident to all that the Convention would nominate Douglas, as soon as the remaining delegates should exhaust themselves in speechmaking, the public turned toward the Maryland Institute (or Market) Hall. The Hall is three hundred and twenty feet long, and seventy broad, with galleries running entirely around, and contains, when full in every part, eight thousand persons. The galleries, and the space on the floor set apart for outsiders, were quite full when the Convention was called to order.
The Baltimore Sun says of the feeling of the Seceding delegates, in coming together: "The members of the respective delegations entered freely into conversation. All restraint of feeling had disappeared, and a spirit of the most cordial unanimity and harmony characterized every man and every feature. The change of manner, expression and sentiment was complete, and would have been striking and remarkable, but that it was consistent with general experience, in a Democratic Convention undisturbed by factitious influences. None could possibly fail to realize the perfect restoration of that geniality of intercourse which is alone the earnest of a harmonious result."
Mr. Ewing of Tennessee called the Convention to order, and announced Mr. Russell of Virginia as temporary chairman of the Convention. Messrs. Featherson of Mississippi and Stevens of Oregon were appointed a committee to escort Mr. Russell to his seat. Russell made a speech, in which he said :
The Convention assembled elsewhere, and from which you have withdrawn, has lost all title to the designation of national. [Applause.] It cannot longer continue to perform the functions of a National Democratic Convention, and every one believes that all true Democrats will unite to declare it unsound in national relations. You and those who you represent are a majority of the people of the Democracy and of the Democratic States. [Applause.] They will look to you to perform the functions of a National Democratic Convention, and you will be so recognized alike by the North and the South, the East and the West. [Cheers.]
On motion of Mr. Ewing, Messrs. Crosby of Oregon and Johnson of Maryland were selected as temporary Secretaries.
Mr. Walker of Alabama moved the appointment of a committee of 15 on Permanent Organization. Carried unanimously.
Senator Bayard of Delaware moved reconsideration, as the number (15) looked sectional. At his suggestion, the committee was made 5 instead of 15.
There was some talk about filling up the delegates' seats, there being a good many more chairs than delegates. This was quieted, however. The following was reported as the committee on Organization :
Walker of Alabama, McHenry of Pennsylvania, Stevens of Oregon, Williams of Massachusetts, and John Dishman of Kentucky.
The Convention took a recess, and there were cries among the spectators for a speech from Yancey.
The chairman of each delegation was requested to hand to the Secretary a list of the delegates from his State.
The Secretary proceeded to call the roll of the States, when the following responses were made:
Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Ohio, Indiana,
Massachusetts-S xteen delegates. [Immense cheering.]
Pennsylvania-Please pass Pennsylvania for the present-she is here. [Cheers ]
New Jersey-No representative.
Delaware is here-pass her for the present.
Virginia-She is here with twenty-three delegates.
North Carolina-She is here with sixteen delegates. [Applause.] Alabama is here with a full delegation-thirty-six delegates.
Mississippi-A full delegation of fourteen.
Louisiana-A full delegation; fourteen.
Arkansas-A full delegation, nine in number.
Tennessee-We have nineteen delegates here.
Iowa-Mr. H. H. Heath presented a document with relation to a representation of that State on the floor of this Convention. [Cheers.] California-The entire delegation of that State is here as a unit. Oregon-She is here as a unit. Maryland-Maryland is here with nine of her delegation. South Carolina-No representatives. Florida-Six delegates. [Applause.]
Mr. Johnson stated he was authorized to state in behalf of the Hon. Senator Bayard of Delaware, who was called to Washington on pressing business, that he was with this Convention in sentiment and heart, and would cordially sustain its nominee. [Applause.]
There was so much confusion in the hall, that the process of calling delegations was tedious. There were many prominent Southern men in the hall, among them Senator Toombs, whose dark, lowering face seemed
for once lit up with good cheer. The leading Southerners of the delegations smiled radiantly. I had not seen them look so happy during the sixteen weary days of the Convention, and the two days' episode at Richmond. Yancey, who always wears a surface smile, twisted about in his seat with the unrest of intolerable felicity, laid his head first upon one shoulder and then upon the other, and glowed with satisfaction. Garnett, of Virginia, whose countenance is usually grave as Don Quixote's, seemed pleased as a school-boy with new boots. The great body of those collected as spectators were manifestly favorable to the movement. The same public feeling apparent at Charleston in favor of the Seceders, came out in less degree here. It was a feeling of sectional pride, and a loyalty to the Southern leaders, that is superior to convictions of either principle or expediency.
Mr. Walker of Alabama, from the committee on Organization, was authorized to report the following as the permanent officers of this Convention :
Hon. CALEB CUSHING, of Massachusetts.
V. L. Bradford, Pennsylvania.
A. P. Denison, Oregon.
J. E. Dresbit, California.
H. E. Stoughton, Vermont.
SECRETARIES-W. H. Crosley, Oregon; W. P. Cooper, Virginia; E. S. F. Hardcastle, Maryland; N. H. R. Dawson, Alabama; Thos. P. Ochiltree, Texas; J. J. Williams, Florida; F. West, Georgia; F. W. Hoadley, Arkansas; W. G. Whiteley, Delaware; David Fist, Pennsylvania; C. J. Armistead, Mississippi; S. W. Humphrey, North Carolina; D. D. Withers, Tennessee.
The name of Caleb Cushing was received with applause that reminded me of Chicago Hats and handkerchiefs were waved all around the great circle of the galleries, and over the heads of the crowds upon the floor. A committee was appointed to wait upon Mr. Cushing The committee did not have far to proceed to find that gentleman, and in a few minutes were seen escorting him down the long passage, fenced from the multitude with settees leading from the door to the seats reserved for the delegates and the platform. Cushing's person has, during his Presidency over the deliberations of the Convention, become very well known. He was therefore instantly recognized by hundreds, and his familiar blue coat and brass buttons, his Websterian garments and Cæsarian head, were hailed with extraordinary acclamation. He marched through a lane of yelling Southerners, hats whirling, and bandkerchiefs waving over his head, while the occupants of the galleries leaned forward, and shouted and clapped their hands, swung their hats, fluttered handkercheifs, and as he mounted the platform, Mr. Russell of Virginia took him by the hand, the Convention and crowd gave him
three cheers, and Mr. R. mentioned that he resumed" his seat as chairman of the National Democratic Convention.
Mr. Cushing, after anxiously inquiring of the Secretaries how many States were represented, said:
Gentlemen of the Convention-we assemble here, delegates to the National Democratic Convention [applause], duly accredited thereto from more than twenty States of the Union [applause], for the purpose of nominating candidates of the Democratic party for the offices of President and Vice-President of the United States-for the purpose of announcing the principles of the party, and for the purpose of continuing and re-establishing that party upon the firm foundation of the Constitution, the Union and the co-equal rights of the several States. [Applause.] Gentlemen, the Convention is in order for business.
Every word rung through the immense hall, and the familiar sound of his voice certainly gave the Convention the tone of regularity.
Mr. Loring of Massachusetts moved that a committee of one from each State be appointed as a committee on Credentials to decide the qualification of members to seats on this floor.
Mr. Johnson of Maryland moved as an amendment, that the credentials be referred to the committee on Credentials as that committee stood at the last meeting of this Convention. [Applause.]
Mr. Loring I accept the amendment. I had forgotten. I move, therefore, that the committee on Credentials be requested to examine and report on the credentials of members.
A communication was received from H. H. Heath of Dubuque, Iowa, and John Johns of Davenport, Iowa. These gentlemen were desirous that the National Democracy of Iowa should have a representation on that floor. They did not claim to be regular delegates, but asked seats on the floor with "the right of mutual conference and consultation." The document was referred to the committee on Credentials.
Mr. Atkins of Tennessee wanted business despatched. There was no reason why all the business could not be accomplished before adjourning.
Mr. Butler of Massachusetts moved that the members of the committee on Resolutions be requested to report a platform forthwith. He resigned his place on the committee, and Hon. B. F. Hallett (“ Author Cincinnati Platform") was substituted.
Mr. Johnson of Maryland moved the adoption at once, without reference to a committee, of that which was known as the majority platform reported at Charleston.
Mr. Lubbock of Texas deprecated these hasty proceedings. The committee on Credentials had not reported Care should be taken to do the work well. He conscientiously believed the nominees of that Convention would be elected President and Vice-President of the United States.
Mr. Hunter of Louisiana presented the following resolution:
Resolved, That the delegates to the Richmond Convention be requested to unite with their brethren of the National Democratic Convention, now assembled at the Maryland Institute Hall, on the same platform of principles with themselves, if they feel authorized to do so.
Mr. Loring of Massachusetts moved that the resolution be amended
so as to read the delegates from South Carolina and Florida accredited ́ to Richmond," and he did so at the request of those delegates. [Applause.]
Mr. Russell suggested a committee of one from each State, to name candidates for President and Vice-President, to be voted for by the Convention.
Mr. Howard of Tennessee objected-and Mr. Russell withdrew his motion.
Mr. Fisher of Virginia offered the following resolution :
Resolved, That a committee be appointed by the President of the Convention, consisting of five members, to address the Democracy of the Union upon the principles which have governed this body in making the nomination of President and Vice-President, and in vindication of the principles of the party.
Mr. Howard of Tennessee moved that the President of this Convention be chairman of that committee. Mr. Howard put the question, and declared it carried unanimously. [Applause.]
The President-I will appoint the committee at my earliest conveni
It was suggested, that while the report of the committee on Credentials was being prepared a little business might be done. So it was decreed that a National Executive Committee of the Democratic party" should be appointed, and that the next Convention should be held in the city of Philadelphia.
Mr. Stevens of Oregon, chairman of the committee on Credentials, reported the following duly accredited members as in attendance :
Charles W. Russell, Arthur R. Smith, John J. Kindred, M. W. Fisher, George Booker, James Barbour, John Seddon, Lewis E. Harvie, William F. Thompson, Henry P. Garnett, Wm A. Buckner, John Blair Hoge, O. R. Funston, Walter D. Leake, Wm. P. Cecil, Robert Crockett, John Brannon, Henry Fitzhugh, Robert A. Coghill, P. B Jones, E. W. Hubard, Walter Coles, Wm. H. Clark, R. H. Glass.
Henry R. Jackson, J. T. Irwin, Henry L. Benning, Solomon Cohen, John W. H. Underwood, Frederick H. West, T. Butler King, Julian Hartridge, Hugh M. Moore, John A. Jones, James M. Clark, Nelson Tift, T. J. McGehee, J. C. Gibson, P. Tracey, E. L. Strohecker, Thomas W. O. Hill, Wm. Phillips, James M. Barnwell, G. J. Fain, Lewis Tumlin, James Hoge, Mark Johnston, H. B. Thomas, James Jackson, James A. Sledge, Osborn T. Rogers, John A. Cobb, David C. Barrow, M. C. Fulton.
Bartlett. [NOTE. *Several of the delegates from the State of New York are in attendance, in cordial sympathy with the objects and course of this Convention; but as many of their
colleagues have left the city, and as they feel themselves precluded by the unity rule of their State Convention, they do not feel authorized to participate as delegates in the proceedings of this body.]
Austin E. Smith, D. S. Gregory, John A. Dreibilbis; Chas L. Scott, proxy for G. W. Patrick; R. F. Langdon, proxy for L. R. Bradley; G. L. Dudley, proxy for John Rains; Calhoun Benham, proxy for John S. Dudley. John Bidwell appointed S. J. Hensley his proxy, but neither of them are here.
William T. Hamilton, John Contee, Levin Woolford, John R. Emory, E. L. F. Hardcastle, Daniel Fields, Bradley T. Johnson, William D. Bowie, Harville Stansbury.
W. M. Reilly, V. L. Bradford, Geo. M. Henry, E. C. Evans, Geo. H. Martin, H. A. Guensey, H. Laner, H. H. Dent, A. J Glossbrenner, Arnold Plummer, H. B. Swarr, David Fister.
R. A. Hunter, Richard Taylor, E. Lusen, John Tarleton, F. H Hatch, D. D. Withers, R. C. Downs, J. G. Pratt, F. H. Knapp, J. H. New, B. Milliken.
*This is the note of the Reporter of the Baltimore American.