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eoln, and was once a Democrat.

It was deemed judicious to pretend to patronize the Democratic element, and thus consolidate those who were calling the Convention an "old Whig concern. They need not have been afraid, however, of having it called an old Whig affair, for it was not eminently respectable," nor distinguished for its "dignity and decorum." On the other hand, the satanic element was very strongly developed.


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During this ballot the name of N. P. Banks was withdrawn. this was done, Gen. Nye of New York cried out, That's a good thing done-one of the conspirators gone to h―, thank God!"

The fact of the Convention, was the defeat of Seward rather than the nomination of Lincoln, It was the triumph of a presumption of availability over pre-eminence in intellect and unrivaled fame-a success of the ruder qualities of manhood and the more homely attributes of popularity, over the arts of a consummate politician, and the splendor of accomplished statesmanship.

Now that the business of the Convention was transacted, we had the usual stump speeches, and complimentary resolutions, and the valedictory from the chairman, and the "three times three" upon adjournment

for the candidate.

The city was wild with delight. The "Old Abe" men formed processions, and bore rails through the streets. Torrents of liquor were poured down the hoarse throats of the multitude. A hundred guns were fired from the top of the Tremont House. The Chicago Press and Tribune office was illuminated. That paper says:

"On each side of the counting-room door stood a rail—out of the




three thousand split by 'honest Old Abe' thirty years ago on the Sangamon River bottoms. On the inside were two more, brilliantly hung with tapers."

I left the city on the night train on the Fort Wayne and Chicago road. The train consisted of eleven cars, every seat full and people standing in the aisles and corners. I never before saw a company of persons so prostrated by continued excitement. The Lincoln men were not able to respond to the cheers which went up along the road for "old Abe." They had not only done their duty in that respect, but exhausted their capacity. At every station where there was a village, until after two o'clock, there were tar barrels burning, drums beating, boys carrying rails; and guns, great and small, banging away. The weary passengers were allowed no rest, but plagued by the thundering jar of cannon, the clamor of drums, the glare of bonfires, and the whooping of the boys, who were delighted with the idea of a candidate for the Presidency, who thirty years ago split rails on the Sangamon River-classic stream now and for evermore-and whose neighbors named him 'honest."



11 Jane

The address issued by distinguished Southern Congressmen, urging that the Richmond Convention should not transact any business, but adjourn to Baltimore and make there a final effort to preserve the harmony and unity of the Democratic party by the defeat of Mr. Douglas, had the effect of preventing a large representation of the Southern wing of the party at Richmond. Instead of attempting to make the Richmond Convention an affair of substantive importance, the aim of those who had it in charge, was to so manage the preliminaries that it should transact no business. The people of Richmond were not much interested in it, and no preparations whatever were made for it until the Saturday before the Convention assembled, when a hall was engaged.


The Convention assembled at Metropolitan Hall at noon on Monday, the 11th of June. Lieut. Gov. Lubbock of Texas was called to the chair, as temporary chairman. He acknowledged the compliment in becoming terms said they met in the same spirit in which they had met in Charleston. He said:


We have met here to-day, as we did there, to carry out our princi

ples, whatever may be the result. [Applause.] I trust we have come here for no compromises of the Constitution. [Applause.]



'If we cannot succeed in sustaining those principles, we must create -no, we will not create a new Democratic party, but we will simply declare ourselves the true Democratic party, and we will unfurl our banner, and go to the country upon true Democratic principles." [Applause.]

The States were called for delegates, and New York answering by a young man in a corner, produced a sensation. The following are the documents presented by the State of New York, and they are curiosities in their way:

NEW YORK, June 8, 1860.

This is to certify, that at a meeting of the Trustees of the National Democratic Hall of the State of New York, held in the city of New York, they recommended to the association the following names as delegates and alternates to represent them at the Richmond Convention, for the nomination of candidates for President and Vice-President of these United States, with power to add to their number, or fill vacancies :

Delegates--Col. Baldwin, Isaac Lawrence, Jas. B. Bensel, James Villiers. Alternates-Neare Drake Parson, James S. Selby, M. Dudley Bean, Alfred W.


NEW YORK, June 8th, 1860. This is to certify, that Hon. Gideon J. Tucker, and Dr. Charles Edward Lewis Stuart, were, at a meeting of the above association, made delegates at large from the association.

SAMUEL B. WILLIAMS, Chairman of Trustees.

WM. BEACH LAWRENCE, Jr., Chairman of Ex. Com.
THADDEUS P. Morr, Chairman of Association.

Secretary of Trustees, M. DUDLEY BEAN.

Secretary of Executive Committee, JAS. B. BENSEL.
Secretary of Association, J. LAWRENCE.

Mr. Fisher of Virginia responded for that State, producing loud applause. He was the only Virginian who seceded, and hence was a lion at that moment.

A despatch was received, saying Florida delegates were coming. The following is the list of delegates made out this day by the Secretaries :

ALABAMA.-A. B. Meek, W. L. Yancey, D. W. Baine, F. S. Lyon, R. G. Scott, J. W. Portis, N. H. R. Dawson, T. J. Burnett, Eli S. Shorter, D. W. Williams, J. C. B. Mitchell, Wm. C. Penick, A. S. Van Degraaf, John Erwin, John E. Moore, E. W. Kennedy, Robt. T. Scott, R. Chapman, Winfield Mason, W. P. Browne, D. W. Bozeman.

MISSISSIPPI. Geo. H. Gordon, E. Barksdale, W. F. Barry, H. C. Chambers, Jos. R. Davis, Beverly Matthews.

LOUISIANA.--A. Martin, John Tarleton, Richard Taylor, Emile LaSere, F. H. Hatch, E. Lawrence, A. Talbot, B. W. Pearce, R. A. Hunter, D. D. Withers, Charles Jones, J. A. McHutton.

SOUTH CAROLINA.--Principals: Hon. R. B. Rhett, Hon. A. C. Garlington, Hon. J. J. Middleton, A. Bush, J. A. Dargan, Col. W. S. Mullins, Gen. W. E. Martin, C. M. Furman, Gen. D. F. Jamison, Col. A. P. Aldrich, W. D. Simpson, D. B. Waldo, Hon. Á. P. Calhoun, William Choice, Col. E. Jones, Maj. A. H. Boykin. Alternates: Hon. W. D. Porter, Col. John S. Sloan, Col. Allen McFarlan, Hon. G. A. Trenholm, Henry McIvor, J. G. Pressly, Hon. J. E. Carew, S. W. Barker,

Hon. J. Townsend, Hon. E. Martin, J. D. Nance, D. W. Aiken, W. K. Easely, Gen. S. R. Gist, R. A. Springs, Maj. N. R. Eames.

GEORGIA. Henry L. Benning, Nelson Fift, E. J. McGeehee, John A. Jones, John C. Nichols.

TEXAS.-G. M. Bryan, F. S. Stockdale, H. R. Runnels, J. F. Crosby, F. R. Lubbock.

Mr. Mott of New York undertook to explain to the Convention the position of the delegation from that State. He said the National Democratic Association of New York had held a meeting, and appointed them delegates and alternates, and that fifteen out of sixteen members of the State Central Committee were in favor of a representation of the Democracy at Richmond. He closed, according to the custom of the country, with something about the Union His remarks were received respectfully, but incredulously. It was singular that a delegation should arrive from New York, when such a thing as a movement in that State regarding the Richmond Convention had not been heard of. Motions were carried to form committees on Organization and Credentials. Those committees were organized as follows:

COMMITTEE ON PERMANENT ORGANIZATION-Mississippi, W. L. Barry; Louisiana, R. A. Hunter; Alabama, Robt. G. Scott; Tennessee, W. T. Helms; Texas, J. F. Crosby; Georgia, John A. Jones; Virginia, M. W. Fisher; South Carolina, A. P. Calhoun; Arkansas, Van H. Manning; New York, Thaddeus P. Mott.

COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS-South Carolina, John J. Middleton ; Tennessee, George W. Brodfield; Alabama, D. W. Bain; Georgia, Dr. Edmund J. McGeehee; Louisiana, F. H Hatch; Texas, T. S. Stockdell; Mississippi, Beverly Matthews; Arkansas, Van H. Manning.



Mr. Smith of Alabama desired to have his name recorded. Agreed The Florida delegates had now arrived. Mr. Calhoun of South Carolina-son of John C. Calhoun-chairman of the committee on Organization, submitted the following report:

Your committee respectfully report the name of the Hon. John Erwin of Alabama as permanent President of your Convention, and the following named persons as Vice-Presidents:

H. R. Runnels of Texas, W. S. Featherston of Mississippi, M. W. Fisher of Virginia, Hon. R. G. Scott of Alabama, N. B. Burrows of Arkansas, B. F. Wardlaw of Florida, Gen. A. C. Garlington of South Carolina, D. H. Cummings of Tennessee, P. Tracy of Georgia, E. LaSere of Louisiana.

And the following as Secretaries :

H. H. Tyson of Mississippi. Dr. A. C. Smith of Virginia, G. W. Bradfield of Tennessee, A. S. Vandergraff of Alabama, Chas. Dyke of Florida, John Cobb of Georgia, Henry McIver of South Carolina, D. D. Withers of Louisiana, Van H. Manning of Arkansas.

The committee would further recommend the rules adopted at Cincinnati in 1856, as the rules for the government of this Convention.

Your committee beg leave to report, as a basis of representation, that where a State is represented as a whole, the delegation present shall cast the entire

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