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"The whole Freedom of man consists either in spiritual or civil liberty. The enjoyment of those never more certain, than in a free commonwealth. Both which, in my opinion, may be best and soonest obtained, if every county in the land were made a kind of subordinate commonalty or commonwealth.” Milton.

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"The Reformation made another enormous stride, when at the American Revolution the State and the Church were solemnly and openly dissevered from one another."-Draper, Intellectual Development of Europe.

"Not Democracy in America, but free Christianity in America, is the real key to the study of the People and their Institutions."--Goldwin Smith.







"Cette vieille Europe m'ennui."-Napoleon.

"Soon after the Reformation a few people came over for
conscience sake. This apparently trivial incident may transfer
the great seat of empire into America."-John Adams.

"America is therefore the land of the future where, in the
ages that lie before us, the burden of the world's history shall
reveal itself. It is a land of desire for all those who are weary
of the historical lumber-room of old Europe."-Hegel.

"As interesting mankind the question was, shall the Refor-
mation developed to the fulness of free inquiry, succeed in its
protest against the middle ages.”—Bancroft.

"The more a man is versed in business the more he finds
the hand of Providence everywhere."-Chatham.

"You will think me transported with enthusiasm, but I am
not. I am well aware of the toil, and blood, and treasure, that
it will cost us to maintain this DECLARATION. Yet through
all the gloom, I can see that the end is more than worth all
the means; and that posterity will triumph in that day's
transaction."-John Adams, 3rd July, 1776.

"The Declaration of Independence constituted a sacred
pledge in the name of God, solemnly given by each State, to
abolish slavery soon as practicable, and to substitute Freedom
in its place." John Quincy Adams, 1844.

"It is therefore very probable that mankind would have been at length obliged to live constantly under the Government of a single person, had they not contrived a kind of Constitution that had all the internal advantages of a Republican, together with the external force of a monarchical Government. I mean a Confederate Republic. "A Republic of this kind *** may support itself without any internal corruption. *** It possesseth all the advantages of large monarchies.”

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"Should a popular insurrection happen in one of the States, the others are able to quell it. Should abuses creep into one part, they are reformed by those that remain sound.”—Montesquieu. Vol. I. pp. 165-7. Edition of 1777.

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"I regret to say, that I only see, at the present time, two Governments which well fulfil their providential mission; these are the two Colossi at either end of the world—one at the extremity of the new, the other at the extremity of the old world. Whilst our old European centre is like a volcano, consuming itself in its own crater, the two nations, Oriental and Occidental, proceed unhesitatingly, towards perfection, the one at the will of one man, the other by liberty. Providence has confided to the United States of America the care of peopling and of gaining over to civilization all that immense territory which extends from the Atlantic to the South Sea, and from the North Pole to the Equator. The Government, which is but a simple administration, has only, up to the present time put in practice the old adage, laissez faire, laisser passer, to favour that irresistible instinct which impels towards the West the peoples of America."

"In Russia, it is to the imperial dynasty that we owe all the progress which, for a century and a half past, has been rescuing that vast empire from barbarism. The imperial power has to struggle against the old prejudices of our old Europe; it must centralize, as closely as possible, in the hands of an individual, the force of the state, in order to destroy all the abuses which would perpetuate themselves under the shelter of communal and feudal franchises. It is only from him that the East can receive the amelioration which it is awaiting."-Louis Napoleon Bonaparte—Life and Works, Vol. I., pp. 253, 254,

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