Page images

any difference. It is simple truth to say that such over-estimates seem to have been quite common on both sides.

I shall be personally obliged to any one, no matter on what side he served, who will furnish me with trustworthy data for the correction of any misstatement embodied in this work. If such correction shall dictate a revision of any harsh judgment on friend or foe, it will be received and conformed to with profound gratitude. My convictions touching the origin, incitements, and character, of the War from which we have so happily emerged, are very positive, being the fruits of many years' almost exclusive devotion to National affairs; but my judgments as to occurrences and persons are held subject to modification upon further and clearer presentments of facts. It is my purpose to revise and correct the following pages from day to day as new light shall be afforded; and I ask those who may feel aggrieved by any statement I shall herein have given to the public, to favor me with the proofs of its inaccuracy. Unwilling to be drawn into controversy, I am most anxious to render exact justice to each and all.

The subject of Reconstruction (or Restoration) is not within the purview of this work, and I have taken pains to avoid it so far as possible. The time is not yet for treating it exhaustively, or even historically; its importance, as well as its immaturity, demand for its treatment thoughtful hesitation as well as fullness of knowledge. Should I be living when the work is at length complete, I may submit a survey of its nature, progress, and results meantime, I will only avow my undoubting faith that the same Divine Benignity which has guided our country through perils more palpable if not more formidable, will pilot her safely, even though slowly, through those which now yawn before her, and bring her at last into the haven of perfect Peace, genuine Fraternity, and everlasting Union-a Peace grounded on reciprocal esteem; a Fraternity based on sincere, fervent love of our common country; and a Union cemented by hearty and general recognition of the truth, that the only abiding security for the cherished rights of any is to be found in a full and hearty recognition of Human Brotherhood as well as State sisterhood-in the establishment and assured maintenance of All Rights for All.

New York, July 21, 1866.

H. G.

to have been

erved, who
t embodied in
ment on friend

My convictions

h we have so most exclusive sons are held

It is my par light shall be I herein have willing to be and all.

of this work,

or treating it , demand for

d I be living progress, and

ne Benignity nidable, will pre her, and

everlasting ere, fervent recognition

o be found rhood-in

H. G.



I. Texas and New Mexico in 1862...... 17

Twiggs's Treason-Texas State Convention passes
Ordinance of Secession-Surrender of the Regulars
-Their Loyalty and Sufferings-New Mexico re-
peals Act legalizing Slavery-Canby in command-
Prepares to held New Mexico-Sibley Brigade-
Fort Craig-Sibley declines to attack-Battle of
Valverde-Heroism and Death of McRae-Fight
at Apache Pass-Rebels occupy Santa Fé-They

abandon New Mexico.

IL Missouri and Arkansas in 1862...... 26 Price returns to Missouri-Guerrilla OperationsRains and Stein routed-Capture of Milford-Price retreats to Arkansas-Sigel's Retreat from Bentonville-Battle of Pea Ridge-Rebels defeated-The War among the Indians-Fight at the CacheGuerrilla operations-Fight at Newtonia-Hindman driven into Arkansas-Cooper routed at Maysville-Battle of Prairie Grove.

III. Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama in
1862-Forts Henry and Donelson
-Pittsburg Landing............

Battle of Mill Spring-Capture of Fort Henry—
Naval Bombardment of Fort Donelson-Gen. Pil-
low's Sortie-Countercharge of Lew Wallace and
C. F. Smith-Escape of Floyd and Pillow-Surren-
der by Buckner-Retreat of Sidney Johnston from
the Cumberland across the Tennessee-Nashville
recovered-Columbus, Ky.-New Madrid-Island
No. 10-Fort Pillow-Memphis-First Siege of
Vicksburg-Grant moves up the Tennessee to Pitts-


Corinth, Miss-Assails Grant's front near Shiloh
Church--Sherman and McClernand driven-Grant
barne back-Buell and Lew Wallace arrive-The
Rebels driven-Losses-Halleck takes Corinth-
Mitchel repossesses Huntsville and most of North
IV. Burnside's Expedition to N. Carolina. 73


Roanoke Island carried-Elizabeth city submits-
Defenses of Newbern stormed-Newbern surren-
dered-Fort Macon reduced-Fight at South Mills
Foster advances to Kinston-Fails to carry

V. Butler's Expedition to the Gulf-Cap

ture of New Orleans....

Gen. B. F. Butler concentrates 15,000 men on Ship
Island-Capt. Farragut at the mouths of the Mis-
sissippi-Assails and passes Forts Jackson and St.
Philip-Destroys the Rebel Flotilla-Pushes on to
New Orleans-The Forts surrender to Capt. Porter
Gasconade of Mayor Monroe-New Orleans suc-
Cumbs-Butier convinces the Rebels that he is
wanted there-General Order No. 28-Execution
of Mumford-Farragut and Gen, Williams ascend
the River to Vicksburg-Bathed there-Breckin-
ridge attacks Baton Rouge-Williams killed-
Rebels repulsed-Ram Arkansas destroyed-Weit-
ze reduces the Lafourche country-Flanders and
Hahn chosen to Congress-Butler superseded by
Banks-Butler's parting Address-Jeff. Davis dis-
satisfied with his policy.


VI. Virginia in '62-McClellan's Advance. 107

Obstinate Delays-The Routes to Richmond-Bat-
tle of Kernstowa-Raid of the Iron-clad Merrimac
or Virginia in Hampton Roads-McClellan on the
Peninsula-Siege of Yorktown-Battle of Williams-
burg-Fight at West Point- Advance to the Chicka-
hominy-Recovery of Norfolk-Strength of our
Armies-McClellan's Complainta-Fight at Mc-
Dowell-Jackson surprises Front Royal-Banks
driven through Winchester to the Potomac-Jack-
Bon retreats-Fremont strikes Ewell at Cross-Keys
Jackson crosses the South Fork at Port Repub-
lie, and beats Tyler-Heth routed by Crook at


VII. McClellan before Richmond.


Fitz John Porter worsts Branch at Mechanicsville
McClellan partially across the Chickahomity
Battle of Fair Oaks or Seven Pines-McClellan
reenforced, but still grumbles and hesitates-Stone-
wall Jackson joins Lee-A. P. Hill attacks our
right at Mechanicsville-Battle of Gaines's Mill-
Fitz John Porter worsted-McClellan retreats to
the James Fight at Glendale, or White Oak

Swamp Bridge-Rebels attack, and are repelled with loss at Malvern Hill-McClellan retreats to Harrison's Bar-Hooker returns to MalvernMcClellan withdraws to Fortress Monroe, and embarks his Army for Alexandria.


VIII. Gen. Pope's Virginia Campaign......172
Pope appointed to command the forces of Fremont,
Banks, and McDwell-Advances to the Rapidan-
Banks worsted by Jackson at Cedar Mountain-
Pope retreats across the Rappahannock-Jackson
flanks his right-Strikes the Railroad in his rear
at Bristow-Seizes Manassas Junction-Compelled
to retreat-Longstreet hurrying to his rescue-
Jackson worsts King-Two Days' Battle of Gaines-
ville and Groveton, or Second Bull Run Pope
driven back on Centerville-Jackson flanks his
right, and attacks Kearny at Chantilly-Pope re-
treats to the defenses of Washington, and gives
place to McClellan-His Losses-McClellan's fail-
ure to support Pope-His Correspondence with
Lincoln, Halleck & Co.

IX. Lee's Invasion of Maryland in 1862..193
McClellan crosses the Potomac, and advances to
Frederick-Address to Maryland-McClellan fol-
lows to Frederick-Lee's plans discovered-He is
intent on the capture of Harper's Ferry-McClellan
fights and beats his rear-guard at Turner's Gap-
Franklin drives Howell Cobb out of Crampton's
Gap-Miles surrenders Harper's Ferry, with 12,000
men, to Stonewall Jackson-McClellan follows
Lee to the Antietam-Battle of Antietam or Sharps-
burg-Losses-Lee retreats across the Potomac-
Porter follows-McClellan hesitates to pursue-
J. E. B. Stuart raids around his Army-McClellan
moves down to the Rappahannock-Is relieved by


X. Tennessee-Kentucky-Mississippi

Bragg's Invasion-Corinth.......212

Bragg crosses the Tennessee and Cumberland -
Kirby Smith routs M. D. Manson and Nelson at
Richmond, Ky. Bragg captures 4,000 men at
Munfordsville-Advances to Frankfort, and inau-
gurates Richard Hawea as Governor of Kentucky-
Buell follows him from the Tennessee to Bardstown
and Springfield-Battle of Perryville-Bragg re-
treats out of Kentucky by Cumberland Gap-Rose-
crans fights Price at luka-Price retreats to Ripley,
Misa-Van Dorn assails Rosecrans at Corinth-Is
beaten off with great slaughter-Van Dorn pursued
to Ripley-Loeses,

XI. Slavery in the War-Emancipation... 232
Patrick Henry on Federal Power over Slavery-
Edmund Randolph-John Quincy Adams-Joshua
R. Giddings Mr. Lincoln-Gov. Seward - Gen.
Butler-Gen, Fremont-Gen, T. W. Sherinan-Gen.
Wool-Gen. Dix-Gen. Halleck-Gen. Cameron-
His Report revised by President Lincoln-Seward
to McClellan-Gen. Burnside-Gen. Buell-Gen.
Hooker-Gen. Sickles-Gen, McCook-Gen. Double-
day-Gen. Williams-Col. Anthony-Gen. Hunter
-Overruled by the President-Gen. McClellan on
the Negro-Horace Greeley to Lincoln-The Re-
sponse-Do, to the Chicago Clergymen-Lincoln's
First Proclamation of Freedom-The Elections of
1862-Second Proclamation of Freedom-Edward
Everett on its Validity.

XII. Slavery and Emancipation in Congress. 256
F. R. Potter on Emancipation by War-Lincoln
for colonizing the Blacks-Congress forbids Mili-
tary Officers returning Fugitives from Slavery-
Abolishes Slavery in the District of Columbia-
Lincoln proposes, and Congress enacts, Compen-
sated Emancipation-Prohibits Slavery in the Ter-
ritories-Confiscates the Slaves of Rebels-Opens
Diplomatic Intercourse with Liberia and Hayti-
Requires Equality in Education and Punishment
between Whites and Blacks-Right of Search on
the African Coast conceded-Fugitive Slave Act
repealed-Confinement of suspected Slaves in Fed-
eral Jails forbidden-Coast wise Slave-Trade for-
bidden-Color no Impediment to giving Testimony.
XIII. Rosecrans's Winter Campaign, 1862-3.270

The Army of the Ohio at Bowling Green-Reorgan-
ized by Rosecrans-Morgan's Raids-Surprise of
Moore at Hartsville-Our Advance from Nash-
ville-Battle of Stone River, near Murfreesboro’---
Bragg retreats-Cavalry Raids on our rear-Innes's
Defense of Lavergne-Losaes-Forrest routed by

Sullivan at Parker's Cross-Roads-Morgan captures Elizabethtown-Gen. H. Carter's Raid into East Tennessee-Wheeler raids down the Tennessee to Fort Donelson-Beaten off by Col. Harding -Van Dorn captures 1,500 Unionists at Spring Hill -Col. A. S. Hall defeats Morgan at Vaught's Hill -Gordon Granger repulses Van Dorn at Franklin -Col. A. D. Streight raids into Northern Georgia -Is overpowered and captured near Rome.


XIV. Siege and Capture of Vicksburg....286 Position and Importance of Vicksburg-Grant moves against it from Lagrange-Advances to Oxford, Miss.-Van Dorn captures Holly SpringsMurphy's Cowardice-Grant compelled to fall back-Hovey and Washburn on the ColdwaterGen. Wm. T. Sherman embarks 30,000 men at Memphis-Debarks on the Yazoo, north of Memphis-Com, Porter's Gunboats-Sherman storms the Yazoo Bluffs-Repulsed at all points with heavy loss-Attempts to flank by Drumgould's Bluff Is baffled-Superseded by Gen.McClernand -Who invets and captures the Post of ArkansasGen. Grant assumes command-Debarks-Digging the Canal-Proves an Abortion-Yazoo Pass Expedition--Stopped at Greenwood-Compelled to return-Grant tries the Sunflower route-Baffled again-The Queen of the West raids np Red River -Disabled and abandoned-The Indianola captured by the Webb and Queen of the West--The Indianola blown up in a panic-The Webb flees up Red River-Grant moves down the MississippiCom. Porter runs the Vicksburg Batteries-Grierson's Raid to Baton Rouge-Porter attacks the Batteries at Grand Gulf-Grant crosses at Bruinsburg -Sherman feints on Haines's Bluff-Crosses the Mississippi at Hankinson's Ferry-Fight at Port Gibson-Fight at Raymond-Fight at and capture of Jackson-Battle of Champion Hills-Fight at the Big Black-Haines's Bluff abandoned-Vicksburg invested-General Assault repulsed-The Siege vigorously pressed-Pemberton calls a parley-Surrenders-Grant drives Jo. Johnston from Jackson-Fight at Milliken's Bend-Holmes assails Helena, and is routed.

XV. Texas and Louisiana in 1863-Capture of Port Hudson..


Galveston-Retaken by Com. Renshaw-Surprised by Magruder, and carried-Our Fleet disabled and beaten-Disaster at Sabine Pass-The Alabama captures the Hatterns-Gen. Banks in command at New Orleans-Clearing the Atchafalaya-Fight at Carney's Bridge-Farragut passes the Batteries at Port Hudson-Banks returns to Berwick's Bay-Advances to Opelousas and Alexandria, La-Moves thence to Bayou Sara, and crosses the Mississippi-Invests Port HudsonCombined Attack on its Defenses-Repulsed with a loss of 2,000-Panks presses the Siege-Second Attack-The Rebel supplies exhausted-Gardner Burrenders-Dick Taylor surprises Brashear City -Fighting at Donaldsonville-Franklin attacks Sabine Pass, and is beaten off-Dana surprised at Morganzia Burbridge surprised near Opelousas -Gen. Banks embarks for the Rio Grande-Debarks at Brazos Santiago, and takes Brownsville -Capture of Aransas Pass and Pass Cavallo Fort Esperanza abandoned-Indianola in our handsBanks returns to New Orleans,

XVI. Army of the Potomac under Burnside and Hooker-Fredericksburg -Chancellorsville.


Gen. Burnside in command in Virginia-Crosses the Rappahannock-Attacks Lee's Army, strongly posted on the Southern Heights--Is repulsed with heavy loss-Recrosses the River-A fresh Advance arrested by the Presiden:-The Mud March -Rebel Raids in Virginia-Burnside gives place to Hooker-Stoneman's Raid on Lee's rearHooker crosses the Rappahannock, and advances to Chancellorsville-His right wing turned and shattered by Jackson-Pleasanton checks the Enemy-Jackson mortally wounded-Desperate fighting around Chancellorsville-Hooker stunned Our Army recoils-Sedgwick storms Marye's Heights--Strikes Lee's Rear-Is driven across the River-Hooker récrosses also-Stoneman's Raid a Failure-Longstreet assails Peck at Suffolk-Is beaten off with loss.

XVII Lee's Army on Free Soil-Gettysburg.


Lee silently flanks Hooker's right, and mores northward-Cavalry Fight near Fairfax-Miloy, at Winchester, surprised and driven over the Potomac, with heavy loss-Cavalry encounters along the Blue Ridge-Jenkins raids to Chambersburg-Lee crosses the Potomac-Hooker and Halleck at odds-Hooker relieved-Mende in command-Ewell at York-Collision of vanguards at Gettysburg-Reynolds killed--UnionIsts outnumbered and driven-Howard halts on Cemetery Hill-Sickles comes up-Hancock takes command-Meade arrives-Both Armies concen

trated-Sickles driven back with loss-Rebel Advance checked-Night falls-Rebel Grand Charge led by Pickett-Terribly repulsed-Lee retreatsHeavy losses-Feeble pursuit by Sedgwick-Lee halts at Williamsport-Meade hesitates-Lee gets across the Potomac-Kilpatrick routs the Rebel rear-guard-Meade crosses at Berlin, and moves down to the Rappahannock-Fight at Manassas Gap-Dix's Advance on Richmond-Pleasanton crosses the Rapidan-Lee flanks Meade, who retreats to Centerville-Warren worsts A. P. Hill -Lee retires across the Rappahannock-Imboden surprises Charlestown-Gen. D. A. Russell storms Rappahannock Station, capturing 1,500 prisoners -Meade crosses the Rapidan - Affair of Mine Run-Toland's raid to Wytheville-Averill's to Lewisburg-Fight at Droop Mountain.


XVIII. The Chattanooga Campaign........404 Morgan's Raid through Kentucky into Indiana and Ohio-He is surrounded, routed, and captured -His Imprisonment and Escape-Rosecrans advances from Murfreesboro' by Shelbyville and Tullahoma, to the Tennessee at Bridgeport →→→ Bragg flanked out of Chattanooga-Rosecrans eagerly pursues Bragg concentrates at Lafayette, and turns upon his purauers-Rosecrans concentrates on the Chickaniauga-Desperate battle there -Rosecrans, worsted, retreats to ChattanoogaLosses-Rosecrans superseded-Pegram's raid into Kentucky-Saunders's into East TennesseeBurnside crosses the Cumberland MountainsKnoxville liberated-Burnside retakes Cumberland Gap, with 2,000 prisoners-Longstreet impelled by Bragg against him--Wolford struck at Philadelphia, Tenn.-Fight at Campbell's StationBurnside withdraws into Knoxville-Longstreet besieges and assaults-Is repulsed with lossRaises the Siege and retreats-Grant relieves Rosecrans-Hooker and Slocum hurried to the TennesBee-Wheeler's and Roddy's raids-Grant reaches Chattanooga-Hooker crosses the Tennessee --Fight at Waubatchie-Sherman arrives from Vicksburg-Grant impels attacks on Bragg by Granger, Hooker, and Sherman-Hooker carries Lookout Mountain-Bragg, on Mission Ridge, attacked from all sides and routed-His BulletinHooker pursues to Ringgold-Cleburne checks him in a gap in White Oak Ridge-Sherman and Granger dispatched to Knoxville-Losses at Mission Ridge.

XIX. The War in Missouri and Arkansas, in 1863......


Marmaduke attacks Springfield, Mo.-Is repulsed
-Again at Hartsville-Waring routs him at Bates-
ville, Ark.-The Sam Gaty captured--Fayetteville
attacked by Cabell-Marmaduke assails Capa
Girardeau McNeil repels him-Coffey assails
Fort Blunt-Standwatie repulsed at Cabin Creek
-Coffey repulsed by Catherwood, at Pineville,
Mo.- Quantrell's Arson and Butchery at Law-
rence, Kansas-Gen. Steele moves on Little Rock
-Fight at Bayou Meten-Davidson defeats Mar-
maduke at Bayou Fonrche-Price abandons Little
Rock to Steele-Blunt's Escort destroyed by Quan-
trell-Col, Clayton defeats Marmaduke at Pine
Bluff-Gen, E. B. Brown defeats Cabell and Coffey
at Arrow Rock-McNeil chases them to Clarks-
ville-Standwatie and Quantrell repulsed by Col.
Phillips at Fort Gibson-Sioux Butcheries in Min-
nesota-Gen. Sibley routs Little Crow at Wood
Lake-500 Indians captured and tried for murder
-Gen. Pope in commiand-Sibley and Sully pur-
sue and drive the Savages-Gen. Conner in Utah
--Defeats Shoshonces on Bear River-Enemies

XX. The Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida
in 1862-3-Siege of Charleston..455
Siege and Capture of Fort Pulaski by Gillmore-
Sinking of Stone Fleet in Charleston Harbor-
Com. Dupont sweeps down the Coast to St. Au-
gustine-Union Movement at Jacksonville-Pen-
Bacola and Jacksonville abandoned-Edisto Island
relinquished-Gen. Hunter attacks Secessionville,
and is repulsed-Gen. Brannan threatens the Sa
vannah Railroad-Fight at Coosawhatchie-De-
struction of the Nashville-Dupont repulsed at
Fort McAllister-The Isaac Smith lost near Le-
garéville-Iron-clad Raid from Charleston-The
Mercedita and Keystone State disabled-Beau-
regard and Ingraham proclaim the Blockade of
Charleston raised-Dupont with his Iron-clads at-
tacks Fort Sumter, and is repulsed-Col. Montgom-
ery's Raid up the Combahee-The Atlanta comes
out from Savannah-Capt. Rogers, in the Wee-
hawken, disables and captures her-Gen. Gillmore
seizes half of Morris Island-Gen, Strong assaults
Fort Wagner, and is bloodily repulsed-Gillmore
opens Trenches-The 'Swamp Angel' talks to
Charleston-The Rebels driven out of Fort Wagner
-Com. Stephens assaults Fort Sumter-Charles-
ton bombarded from Wagner-Foundering of the
Weehawken-D. H. Hill repelled at Newbern-
Attacks Washington, N. C.- Is driven off by
Foster-Fight at Gum Swamp.

[blocks in formation]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small]

XXI. The Political History of 1863..



Lord Lyons on Democratic Peace'-Spring Elections of 1863 Conscription ordered, first by Rebel, next by Union Congress - Judge Woodward pronounces the latter unconstitutional-Suspension of Habeas Corpus-Military Arrest and Conviction of Vallandigham-Democrats of Albany thereon-President Lincoln's Response - Ohio Democratic Convention's Resolves-Vallandigham nominated for Governor--Convention demand his Release-President Lincoln's ReplyThe New York Journalists on the Freedom of the Press-Ex-President Pierce's Fourth of July Oration-Gov. Seymour's ditto-The Draft Riots in New York-Arson, Devastation, and MurderGov. Seymour's Speech-He demands a stoppage of the Draft-President Lincoln's Reply-The Autumn Elections-The Draft adjudged validThe Government sustained by the People.

XXII. Negro Soldiery....


Negroes in the Revolutionary Armies-Royal At-
tempts to win them to the British side-The War
of 112-Gen. Jackson at New Orleans-Negro
soldiering suppressed in 1861-Gen. Hunter "di-
rects a recruiting of Blacks-Gov. Wickliffe's In-
quiry-Gen. Hunter's Response-Saxton author-
fied to arm Negroes-Gen. Phelps's Black recruit-
ing in Louisians-Gen. Butler thereon - Jetf.
Davis on Butler and Phelps together-Congress
orders a general enrollment, regardless of Color-
Democratie Denunciation thereof-Gov. Andrew,
of Mass., raises two Black Regiments-New York,
by her Loyal League, follows the Example-Red-
el employment of Negroes in War-Beauregard
and Jeff. Davis on Federal arming of Blacks-The
Confederate Congress punishes it with Death-
President Lincoln threatens Retaliation-Garrett
Davis, S. S. Cox & Co. denounce the arming of
Blacks-Adjt.-Gen. Thomas engages in the work
-His Speech at Lake Providence-Gen. Banks's
Order-Negro recruiting goes ahead-Efficiency
of Black Soldiers.

XXIII. The War along the Coast in 1864..528

Organization of the XXXVIIIth Congress-
Lincoln's proffer of Amnesty-Gillmore and Sey-
mour in Florida-Finnegan defeats Seymour at
Olustee-Rebel Salt-Works in Florida destroyed
-Union Convention at Jacksonville-Union Re-
palse at Bloody Bridge, S. C. Pickett assails
Newbern, N. C.-Hoke besieges Wessells in
Plymouth-The Rebei ram Albemarle disables
our Vessels-Wessells surrenders-The Albemarle
fights our Fleet off the mouth of the Roanoke-
Is beaten off by them-Blown up by Lt. Cushing
-Plymouth retaken-Wild's Raid into Camden

XXIV. The War beyond the Mississippi in



Banks in New Orleans-Porter's Fleet in the Mississippi-Captures Fort De Russy-Our Ariny and Fleet advance to Alexandria-Both move up Red River Banks presses on toward Shreve port-Col. Gooding's Fight Our Advance routed by Kirby Smith at Sabine Cross-Roads-Emory checks the Rebel Pursuit at Pleasant GroveFierce and indecisive Battle at Pleasant HillBanks retreats to Grand Ecore-Porter works and fights his way down the River-Banks fights and drives Bes at Cane River-Return of Army and Fleet to Alexandria-Lt. Col. Bailey engineers our Vessels over the Rapids-Union Loss of three Vessels at Dunn's Bayou-Texas Const nearly abandoned-Banks retreats to Simmsport -Fight at Mansara-Cotton Operations on Red River-Steele's Advance from Little RockFight at Prairie d'Anne-Steele enters Camden -Union Disaster at Marks's Mills-Steele retreats-Attacked by Kirby Smith at Jenkins's Ferry Rebels repulsed-Steele, burning his Trains, escapes to Little Rock-Gen. Carr worsts Shelby at St. Charles-Col. Brooks fights Dobbins at Big Creek-Shelby captures the 54th Illnois-Union State Convention in Arkansas-Steele's Inefficiency-Rosecrans in command in Missouri-Arrests the Chiefs of the Sons of Liberty-Price's last Invasion-Hugh Ewing withstands him at Pilot Knob-Retreats to Rolla Rebel uprising-Price threatens St. Louis-Appears before Jefferson City-Gen, Mower follows in from Arkansas-Rebels capture GlasgowPrice at Lexington-Fights Blunt on the Little Blue-Fights Curtis on the Big Blue-Escapes southward, by Little Santa Fe--Pleasanton routs him on the Little Osage-- Blunt routs him at Newtonia-Curtis chases him to Fayetteville,


XXV. Gen. Grant's Advance on Richmond. 562

Grant made Lieutenant-General-His Concep-
tion of the War-Assumes command-Army of
the Potomac reorganized-Kilpatrick's Raid to
Richmond-Col. Dahlgren killed-Grant crosses
the Rapidan-Battle of the Wilderness-Grant

pushes on to Spottsylvania C. H.-Heavy, indecisive fighting-Hancock storins the Enemy's Lines, capturing Maj.-Gen. Ed. Johnson and 3,000 Men-Sheridan's Raid to Richmond--Death of J. E. B. Stuart-Butler moves against Richmond by the James--W. F. Smith fights D. H. Hil at Port Walthall Junction--Beauregard arrives from Charleston-Attacks Butler on the James-More Fighting there-Kautz's first Raid -Three Union Gunboats blown up-Grant moves by his Left to the North Anna-Hancock and Wright across-Burnside repulsed-Fighting on both Wings-Lee's Position impregnable -Grant moves by his Left to the Chickahominy --Reenforced by W. F. Smith from Butler's Position-Bloody Repulse at Cold Harbor-Sheri. dan's Raid to Louisa C. H.-Grant moves by his Left across the James, below Richmond-Recrosses for his Overland Advance--Butler impels Gillem and Kautz against Petersburg-W. F. Smith's Corps follows-Failures to carry itGeneral Assault repulsed-Meade's costly Ad vance to the Weldon Railroad-Wilson's and Kautz's expensive Raid to Burkesville-Butler pontoons the James--Sheridan fights on the Peninsula--Miles carries an Outpost at Deep Bottom-Burnside's Mine - Hancock on our Left, Gregg on our Right, advance, and are both worsted-Warren seizes and holds the Weldon Railroad-Hill defeats Hancock at Reams's Station-Warren advances to and over the Squirrel Level Road-Butler assaults and carries Fort Harrison-Field fails to retake it--Meade advances to Hateber's Run-Egan routs HethHancock repels Wade Hampton-Hancock retires-Losses of the Campaign---Criticisma.


XXVI. West Virginia and North of the
Rapidan in 1864..

Sam Jones captures Beers at Jonesville-Rosser
takes Petersburg--Averill hits him at Spring-
field-Sigel's defeat at Newmarket-Averill
worsted at Wytheville-Crook's Fight near
Dublin Station--Hunter's victory at Piedmont-
He takes Staunton, and advances to Lynchburg
-Retreats across the Alleghanies-Early chases
Sigel out of Virginia-Wallace beaten on the
Monocacy-Early threatens Washington --
Wright repulsed by Eary- Avery worsted
near Winchester-Early defents Crook-Cham-
bersburg burned by McCausland-Col. Stough
routed at Oldtown-Sheridan appointed to
command-Beats Early et Opequan- Routs
him at Fisher's Hill--Devastates the Valley-
The Richmond Whig on Retaliation Early
surprises Crook at Cedar Creek - Sheridan
transforms defeat into victory-Losses

XXVII. Between Virginia and the Missis-
sippi, 1863-4......

.....615 Phillips's Raid to Grenada-McPherson advances from Vicksburg-Forrest's Raid to JackBon-W. T. Sherman's Advance to MeridianSevy Smith's Failure-Osband's Fight at Yazoo City-Palmer's Advance to Dalton-Forrest takes Union City-Repulsed by Hicks at Paducab-Assaults and carries Fort Pillow-Butchery after Surrender-Sturgis routed by Forrest at Guntown A. J. Smith worsts Forrest at Tupelo-Forrest's Raid into Memphis Fights at Bean's Station, Charleston, Mossy Creek, Dandridge, and Maryville, East TennesseeMorgan's last Raid into Kentucky-Hobson's Sarrender-Burbridge strikes Morgan at Mt. Sterling, and routs him near Cynthians-Morgan killed-Burbridge beaten at Saltville, Va. -Attempt on Johuson's Island.

XXVIII. Sherman's Atlanta Campaign.....625

Strength of Sherman's and Ja Johnston's Ar-
mies--Sherman flanks Johnston out of Dalton
-Hooker takes Resaca-Jeff. C. Davis takes
Rome-Fight at Pumpkin-vine Creek-At
New Hope Church-At Dallas Allatoona
Pass won--Gen. Polk kiiled-Rebel Repulse at
Kulp House-Sherman assaults Kenesaw, and
is repulsed with a loss of 3,000--Flanks John-
ston out of it-Passes the Chattahoochee-
Hood relieves Johnston-Roussena defeats Clan-
ton-Hood strikes our left heavily, and is
repulsed-Strikes more heavily, and is badly
worsted-Stoneman's wretched Raid to Macon
-He surrenders-Hood strikes our right at
Proctor's Creek-Is badly heaten by Howard
and Logan-Kilpatrick's Raid around Atlanta
Sherman moves by his right bebind Atlanta
-Howard beats Hardee at Jonesboro'-J. C.
Davis repeats the lesson-Hood abandons At-
lanta-Sherman enters-Orders it cleared of
Inhabitants Pillow raids to Lafayette-
Wheeler to Dalton and through Southern Ten-
nessee-Jeff. Davis at Macon-Hood flanks
Sherman French attacks Allatoona-Corse
beats him off-Hood crosses Sand Mountain-
Thomas intrusted with the defense of Tennes-
ace-Sherman turns southward.

[blocks in formation]

The Confederate Navy-Their Torpedoes-
British-built Privateers-The Sumter - The
Aabama-The Florida-Seizure of the Chesa-
peake--The Tallahassee - The Olustee-The
Chickamauga-Capt. Collins seizes the Florida
in Babin Harbor-Gov. Sewani on Rebel bel-
ligerency The Georgia-Fight of the Kearsarge
and Alabama-Criticisms thereon-Farragut
before Mobile-Bombards and passes Fort Mor-
gan-The Reb-1 ram Tennessee fights our
fleet-Is captured-Fort Powell blown up-
Fort Gaines surrenders-Fort Morgan succumbs
-Mobile sealed up.

XXX. Political Mutations and Results-
Presidential Canvass of 1864..654

State Elections reflect the varying phases of
the War-Kentucky Union sm-Lincoln to
Hodges Lincoln at Gettysburg - Fremont
nominated for President-Radical Platform-
Union National Convention-Its Platform-Lin-
coln and Johnson nominated-Johnson's Letter
--A Season of Gloom-The National Finances
during the War-National Debt-Currency De
preciation-Peace Overtures at Niagara and at
Richmond-Davis inflexible-Chicago Demo-
cratic Convention Pence' Utterances-The
Platform-McClellan and Pendleton nominated
-National victories stimulate popular dissent
-Gen. McClelian tries to hedge-Seward's
Criticisms-Fremont declines-The Autumu
Elections Maryland free-Death of Roger B.
Taney-Lincoln elected-The Soldiers' Vote-
The XXXVIIIth Congress Lincoln's last
Message Slavery prohibited by Constitutional
Amendment Pence Overtures at Richmond,
and Negotiations in Hampton Roads-Lincoln's
Seconi luaugural.

XXXI. Hood's Tennessee Campaign.....677

Forrest's last Raid-Captures Athens, Ala-
Is chased out of Tennessee by Rousseau-Hood
presses Gordon Granger at Decator-Crusses
the Tennessee at Frence-Thomas retires on
Nashville Hood follows-Fighting at Duck
River and at Spring Hill-Schofield makes a
stand at Franklin Bloody drawn battle-
Heavy Rebel loss-Pat. Cleburne killed-
Thomas strong in Nashville-Fights around
Murreesboro'-A Cold Week-Thomas assumes
the Offensive-Steedman str kes on our left-
A. J Smith, Johnson, and Wilson on our right
-Col. Post storms Montgomery Hill-T. J.
Wood and A. J Smith carry first line of
Rebel defenses-Overton's Hill stormed and
taken-Rebels routed and pursued to Franklin
-Their losses-Hood chased across the Ten-
nessee-Lyon's feeble Raid-Stoneman in East
Tennessee-Gillem youts Duke, and then Vaughn
-Breckinridge driven into North Caroli
Saltville captured-Thomas's Captures-Hood


XXXII. Sherman's Great March.........689

His Army in Northern Georgia-Concentrated
at Atlanta-He moves southward-Fight at
Lovejoy's Kilpatrick before Macon-Slocum
At Milledgeville-Howard at Sandersville -
Kilpatrick at Waynesboro'--Fights Wheeler-
Blair at Millen-Hazen at Statesboro'-Fight at
the Ogeechee-Blair crosses at Fort Argyle-
Slocuni crosses at Louisville-She ma ap-
proaches Savannah-Hazen storms Fort McAl-
lister-Sherman hears from Foster and Dahl-
gren-Starts for Hilton Head-Hardee evacuates
Savannah-Sherman's losses and captures in
Georgia-Correspondence with Lincoln-Dana's,
Davidson's, and Grierson's Raida-Grierson`s
Victory at Egypt-Hatch worsted at Honey
Hill-Foster occupies Pocotaligo-Sherman en-
ters South Carolina-Pushes for the Edisto-
Horrible Roals-Fight near Branchville-Kil-
patrick at Aiken-Blair fights and wins near
Orangeburg-Fight at the Congaree-Hood's
remnant, under Chea ham, pass our left-Co-
lumbia surrendered-Great Conflagration →
Sherman's and Wade Hamton's accounts of it-
Hardee evacuates Charleston and its defenses
-Pollard's account of its devastation -Our
Flag raised on Forts Sumter, Ripley, and Pinck-
ney-Sherman's Fo aging-His Bummers '-
Fight at Williston's Station--Atkins's repulse
-Sherman at Winnsboro'-Blair at Chernw-
Occupies Fayetteville, N. C.-Hampton sur-
prises Kilpatrick is beaten off-Slocum at-
tacked by Hardee at Averysboro'--Rebels recoil
-Jo. Johnston strikes Slocum at Bentonville-
Indecisive Fighting-Johnston decamps--Sher-
man enters Goldsboro'- Butler and Weitzel's
Expedition to Fort Fisher-The Powder Ship-
Porter's Bombardment-Butler returns to the
Janies-Grant dissatisfied Expedition sent
back under Terry-Fort Fisher invested-Bom-

[blocks in formation]

XXXIII. The Repossession of Alabama...716 Wilson at Eastport, Miss.-Crosses the Tennessee, and moves southward-Routs Roddy at Montevallo Hurries Forrest from Boyle's Creek --Charges ove the defenses of Selma, and takes 2,700 Prisoners-Montgomery surrenders-Lagrange routs Buford-Wilson takes Columbus, Ga., by Assault-Lagrange charges and captures Fort Tyler-Wilson in Macon-Cuxton captures Tuskaloosa-Zi-zags to Macon-Canby in New Orleans-Advances on Mobile-Stee: moves up from Pensacola-Routs Clanton at Mitchell's Creek-Sanish Fort besieged-Its garrison driven out-Desperate assault Blakely-The Works carried, with 3,000 prisoners Mobile evacuated-Fate of the rain W. H. Webb.

[ocr errors]


XXXIV. Fall of Richmond End of the War..


Grant passive-Rebel attempt to arm Negroes
-Warren's advance to the Meherrin-Raid of
the Rebel gunboats-Fight at Dabney's Mill-
Our left on Hatcher's Run-Rosser's Raid to
Beverly-Capture of Kelly and Crook-Sheri-
dan up the Valley Annihilates Early 212
Waynesboro-Captures Charlottesville-Fa is
to cross the James above Richmond-Crosses
below, and reaches Grant-Gordon surprises
Fort Steedman-Is repulsed at Fort Haskell-
Surrender of 2,000 Rebels-Meade counter-s-
sauita-Grant directs a General Advance by our
left-Griffin's Fight at the White Oak Road-
Sheridan advances to Five Forks-Falls back
to Dinwiddie C. H.-Lee strikes Warren heavi-
ly-Is successful, but finally stopped-Sheridan
again pushed back to Dinwiddie C. H.-Repels
his assailants-Warien hurried to his support
-Rebels recoil-She idan again advances to
Five Forks, and attacks-Warren's corps or-
dered to srike Enemy's left flank-Combined
Attack completely successful- Pickett routed
and driven westward-Warren superseded by
Sheridan-Our gans reopen on Petersburg-
General assault al ng our front-Fors Gregg
and Alexander carried Miles dislodges the
enemy at Sutherland's Depot-Longs reet joins
Lee-Heth repulsed-A. P. Hill killed-Lee
notifies Davis that Richmond must be evacuated
-The Confederacy fires and quits that City-
Weitzel enters it unopposed-Captures of pris-
oners and arms The news flashed over the
loyal States-Universal rejoicings-Connecti
cut Election-Petersburg abandoned-Lee con-
centrates at Chesterfield C. H.-Retreats west-
ward by Amelia C. H.-Sheridan heads him off
from Danville, at Jetersville-Davies strikes
his tran at Pane's Cross-Roads--Lee hasten-
ing westward-Crook strikes him in flank-Is
repulsed-Custer strikes his train at Sailor's
Creek, and destroys 400 wagons- Ewell cut
off, and, after a fight, compelled to surrender
-Ord strikes Lee's van near Farmville-Is re-
pulsed, and Gen. Read killed-Lee crosses the
Appomattox at Farmville-His Desperate
Condition Grant proposes a surrender -
Humphreys attacks Lee, and is bloodily re-
pulsed Lee resumes bis flight-Sheridan
heads him at Appomattox C. H.-Last Charge
of the Army of Virginia-Correspondence be-
tween Lee and Grant-Lee Surrenders-Parting
with his Soldiers-His Army dissolved.

XXXV. Death of President Lincoln-Peace.746
The President at City Point-He enters Rich-
mond--Letter to Welzel-Recruit ng stopped
-Celebration at Fort Sumter-The President
assassinated by J. Wilkes Booth-Gov. Seward
murderously assaulted by Payne Powell-Ac-
cession of Andrew Johnson to the Presidency-
Offers rewards for arrest of Jefferson Davis
and others-Stoneman's Raid into North Caro-
lina-Sherman's Arrangement with Jo. John-
ston-Repudiated by the Governinent-Reasons
therefor Johnston surrenders Dick Tayler
ditto-Dissolution of the Confederacy-Flight
and Capture of Davis-Kirby Smith's voice
still for War-Sheridan's Expedition-The Re-
bellion's final collapse-Career of the Shenan.
doah-Grant's Parting Address to his Soldiers
-Dissolution of our Arinies.

[blocks in formation]
« PreviousContinue »