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A D V ERTISEMENT.
The single end of this book is the presentation, in a compact and convenient form, of the more important facts, votes, resolves, letters, speeches, reports and other documents, which elucidate the political contest now agitating this country. It has been our aim to let every candidate and other important personage speak for himself, make his own platform, and vindicate (if he may) his own consistency and the soundness of his views on the great questions which underlie our current politics. Of course, such a work can have but a comparative merit.
Make it ever so large, and still many things must be omitted that the compiler would wish to insert; and every critic will plausibly ask, “Why insert this and omit that ? Why give so much of A. and so little of B.?” Beside, it is not always possible to remember, or, if remembered, to find, all that would be valued in a work like this. We can only say that we have done our best : let him do better who can.
Inaccuracy of citation is one of the chief vices of our political discussions. You can hardly listen to a set speech, even from a well-informed and truthful canvasser, which is not marred by some misapprehension or unconscious misstatement of the position and views of this or that prominent statesman. Documents, heedlessly read and long since lost or mislaid, are quoted from with fluency and confidence, as though with indubitable accuracy, when the citations so made do gross injustice to their author, and tend to mislead the hearer. We believe the documents collected in this work are so printed that their general accuracy may be safely relied on.
By canvassers of all parties, we trust or Text-Book will be found convenient, not to say indispensable. But those who only listen, and read, and reflect, will also find it a manifest help to a clear understanding of the issues and contentions of the day. They will be interested in comparing the actual positions taken by Mr. Lincoln, or Mr. Douglas, or Gen. Cass, or Mr. Everett, as faithfully set forth in this work, with those confidently attributed to that statesman in the fir.ont harangue of some political opponent, who is intent on blazoning his inconsistency or proving his insincerity. To verify and correct the citations of a frothy declaimer is sometimes the easiest and most convincing refutation of his speech.
If a trace of partisan bias is betrayed in the thread of narrative which par. tially unites the successive reports, bills, votes, etc., presented in this work, the error is unintentional and regretted. Our purpose was to compile a record acceptable and convenient to men of all parties, and which might be consulted and trusted by all. Whatever is original herein is regarded as of no use or merit, save as a necessary elucidation of the residue. Without apology, there fore, or further explanation, the Text-Book is commended to the favor of the American public.
New-YORK, August 1a, 1860.
ABOLITION Conv. at Warsaw, N. Y., 1839. 12 BELL, JOnn, of Tennessee, nominee of she ABOLITIONISTS (Garrisonians) for Disunion. 173
Union party for President, 1860....
29 His Compromise Proposition.
75 ACCEPTANCE of Presidential candidates.... 210 His letter accepting the nomination for Presi
dent. Adams, CHARLES FRANCIS, of Massachusetts,
218 President Buffalo Convention, 1848; Nominee of BENJAMIN, Jonau P., of Louisiana, on Popdo. for Vice-President.. 17 ular Sovereignty.
194 Adams, GOVERNOR, of South Carolina, re
His opinion of Douglas.
196 commends in a Message the reopening of the Afri- BIRNEY, JAMES G., of Michigan, Abolition can Slave-Trade... 208 candidate for President in 1840.
12 ADAMS, Johx, of Massachusetts, chosen
Liberty Party candidate for President in 1844.. 14 President 1796–7: Reëlection defeated 1800-1.... 9 BONHAM, MILLIDGE L., of South Carolina,
for Dissolution...... ADAMS, John Quincy, of Massachusetts,
172 elected President 1824 ; defeated candidate for Boyd, Linn, of Kentucky, defeated for do. 1828..
10 Vice-President by Democratic Convention, 1856.. 24 ALLEN, CHARLES, of Massachusetts, offers BRECKINRIDGE, JOHN C., of Kentucky, Resolve in Whig National Convention, 1848....... 15
nominated Vice-President by Democratic ConAMERICAN National CONVENTION, 1856.... 23 vention, 1856.
24 Elected Vice-President 1856.
22 AMERICAN NationAL COUNCIL, 1856...... 23 Speech on General Politics at Frankfort Ky.,
149 ANTI-MASONIC NATIONAL CONVENTIONS of
Gives casting vote against Free Homestead bill 187 1830 and 1831.....
211 Anti-SLAVERY ORDINANCE of 1784.
BRONSON, Judge GREENE C., on Slavery, ANTI-SLAVERY ORDINANCE of 1787..
52 letter affirming Slavery to exist only by positive law...
208 ASAMUN, GEORGE, of Massachusetts, President Republican National Convention, 1860...... 26 BROWN, AARON V., of Tennessee, de
feated for Vice-President in Democratic Conveg. ATCHISOX, David R., of Missouri, beaten
23 for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1852 20 BANKS, NATHANIEL P., of Massachusetts,
BUCHANAN, JAMES, of Pennsylvania, beaten defeated for Vice-President in Rep. Conv., 1856...
for President in Democratic Convention, 1844.... 22
Beaten for President in Democratic Conven. Supported for Vice-President in Republican National Convention, 1860.....
Nominated for President by Democratic Con. Bates, EDWARD, of Missouri, President
24 Whig National Convention, 1830..
25 Elected President of the United States, 1856.. 22 Candidate for President before Republican Con
Message on Lecompton.
118 vention, 1860. 27 Special message on do.
117 Letter to the Missouri delegates to the Republi
Veto of Homestead bill.
191 can Convention.
199 His letter in support of Lincoln and Hamlin., 199
BORR, Aaron, chosen Vice-President, 1800-1..
9 BARBOUR, PAILIP P., of Virginia, beaten for Vice-President........
10 BUTLER, WILLIAM O., of Kentucky, Demo
cratic nominee and defeated candidate for ViceBARBOUR, JAMES, of Virginia, President
16 first National Republican Convention....
Defeated for President and Vice-President in President Whig National Convention, 1839..... 12
Democratic National Convention, 1852.
20 BARNBURNERS of New-York retire from Do.
CALAOUN, Jonn C., of South Carolina, mocratic National Convention..
elected Vice-President in 1824, and reelected in Nominate Van Buren and Dodge for President
10 and Vice-President.....
17 BARTLETT, G. B., of Kentucky, President
CAMBRELENG, C. C., of N. Y. on Slavery... 204 American National Council, 1856.
23 CAMERON, Gen. Simon, of Pennsylvania,
candidate for President before Republican Na. BAYARD, JAMES A., of Delaware, defeated
tional Convention, 1860
37 for Vice-President in Democratic Convention, 1856 24 Presides over Seceders' Convention at Charles- CAMPBELL, Lewis D., of Ohio, offers a re
solve in Whig National Convention, 1848.
PAQ CARROLL, Gov. William, of Tennessee, Fourth Democratic National Convention, 1844 .. 13 President of the third Democratic National Con.
Fifth Democratic National Convention, 1843 16 vention, 1840..... 19 Sixth Democratic National Convention, 1852.. 20
Seventh Democratic National Convention, 1856. Cass, Gen. Lewis, of Michigan, beaten for
Eighth Democratic National Convention, 1860
Mr. Avery's (N. C.) Majority Report, from Combeaten for President, 1848
mittee on Platform; Mr. H. B. Payne's Mi
16 Beaten for President in Democratic Conven
nority Report from Committee on Platform;
Senator Wm. Bigler's Compromise proposition 90 tion, 1852
20 Beated for President in Democratic Conven
Mr. Avery's amended Majority Report; Mr. tion, 1856
Avery's remarks in favor of same; Mr. H. B. 24
Payne of Ohio in reply Nicholson Letter on Popular Sovereignty.... 179
His extracts from Breckinridge, Orr, and SteCHAPMAN, Gen. JOHN G., of Maryland,
phens; Mr. Samuels's (of Iowa) Minority RePresident, Whig National Convention, 1852.....
18 CHASE, SALMON P., of Ohio, candidate for
Minority Report adopted, 165 to 188; Alabama
83 President before Republican National Conven
84 tion, 1860.
27 South Carolina, Florida, and Texas withdraws... 86 Proposes to Allow People of Kansas to prohibit
87 Slavery. 81 Georgia retires...
Louisiana withdraws; Speech of Wm. B. Gaulden
Fruitless ballots (57) for President; Adjournment
28 to Baltimore; The Seceders at Charleston; SeCLAY, HENRY, of Kentucky, beaten for
nator Bayard, of Delaware, Chairman; They
41 President, 1892.
adopt the Avery Platform Defeated for President in Whig Convention at
They adjourn to Richmond; They meet at RichHarrisburg, 1889. Defeated for President in
mond June 11; They finally adopt Breckin1844.
ridge and Lane; The adjourned Convention at Defeated for President in Whig Convention,
timore; Gen, Cushing's opening Speech 1848.
Mr. Howard, of Tennessee, moves admission of
original Delegates; Mr. Kavanagh, of MinneCLINGMAN, Thomas L., of North Carolina,
Bota, moves to lay on table ; Previous question for Dissolution.
43 CLINTON, DE WITT, defeated for President
Proposition of Mr. 8. E. Church, of New-York;
Report of Committee on Credentials CLINTON, GEORGE, choseu Vice-President,
Minority Report of do.; Admission of Douglas 1804..
Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Maryland
and California withdraw.
4€ Anti-Slavery Resolves to Mass Meetings..
207 Delaware, and part of Kentucky, and Missouri CONSTITUTIONAL UNION CONVENTION, 1860 29
withdraw; Gen. Cushing resigns the Chair;
Gen. Butler, of Massachusetts, offers a proCRAWFORD, MARTIN J., for Dissolution 172
test.... CRAWFORD, WILLIAM H., of Georgia, beaten DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM (Davis's Resoluin Democratic Caurus for President in 1816;
tions), adopted by the United States Senate, affirmDemocratic Caucus candidate for President, 1824 9 ing the duty of Congress to establish a Slave Code Beaten for President 1824... 10 in the Territories
194 CURRY, J. L. M., of Alabama, for Dissolu
DICKINSON, DANIEL S., of New-York, suption....
ported for President in Democratic National ConCOSAING, Gen. CALEB, of Massachusetts, vention, 1860
41 President of Democratic National Convention, 1860...
Dix, Gen. JOHN A., advocates Freedom
20 Retires from the chair at Baltimore...
for the Territories in the United States............ 47
207 Presides over the Seceders' Convention at Bal
DISUNION AVOWED by Southern Statesmen 48
in the event of the election of a Republican PresiDALLAS, GEORGE M., of Pennsylvania, nomi.
170 nated for and elected Vice-President, 1844..
DOBBIN, JAMES C., of North Carolina, beaten DAVIS, GARRETT, of Kentucky, defeated for
for Vice-President in Democratic National ConvenPresident in the American National Convention... 28
24 Davis JEFFERSON, of Mississippi, supported, DODGE, Gen. Henry, of Wisconsin, nomi. 1860, for President in National Democratic Con
nated for Vice-President by New-York Radicals in vention
DONELSON, ANDREW J., of Tennessee, nomi-
Indorsed by Whig National Convention, 1856 ... 25
20 DOUGLAS, STEPHEN A., of Illinois, beaten
for President in Democratic Convention, 1852... 20 Dayton, WILLIAM L., of New-Jersey, Re
Beaten for President in Democratic Convenpublican nominee for Vice-President, 1856; de
tion, 1856. feated therefor....
43 DEJARNETTE, DANIEL C., of Virginia, for Dis- Proposes to extend the Missouri Compromise to solution
Mr. Douglas' reply to Lincoln xt Freeport... 180 DELAWARE Declares for Free Territories
Mr. Douglas' “ Harper" Essay on Popular 80through Legislative resolves in 1820.. 62 vereignty in the Territories..
182 Also in 1849 201 Speech at Springfield, Ill., June 12, 1857.
154 DEMOCRACY OF MAINE for the Wilmot Pro
Speech on the John Brown raid, July 16, 1860,
proposing a Sedition Law.. 201
He tells what Popular Sovereignty has done for DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTIONS.-First
159 st Baltimore in 1892. 10 Accepts Nomination for Presidency.
212 Becond at Baltimore in 1885
11 Extract from Speech in favor of Missouri OumThird Democratic National Convention, 1848 12 promisa
PAGR Downs, Solomon U., of Louisiana, beaten
Whig nomicee for Vice-President, 1848
15 for Vice-President in Democratic Convention,
Elected Vice-President, 1848.
Defeated for President in Whig National Con-
18 EVERETT, EDWARD, of Massachusetts, Union
American nominee for President in 1856.
23 eandidate for Vice-President in 1860..
Indorsed by Whig National Convention in 1856. 25 His views on Slavery–His “Knapsack" Speech
His views on Slavery--Buffalo Letter of 1888, in Congress-Replies of Messrs. Mitchell, Ran.
and Albany Speech of 1856...
202 dolph and Cambreleng-Mr. Everett on Geo
His Letter to New York Union Meeting, 1860.. 208 graphical Parties—Later Views on Slavery, in Letters of 1837 and '89..
FITZPATRICK, BENJAMIN, of Alabama, beaten
204 His Acceptance of the Nomination for Vice
for Vice-President in Democratic Convention of President of the United States.....
24 His views on the Sumner Outrage....
Nominated by Democratic Convention, 1860... 43 216 Declines the Nomination...
218 ELLMAKER, Amos, of Pennsylvania, Anti. FLOURXOY, FRANCIS B., of Arkansas, temMasonic candidate for Vice-President, 1882..... 10
porary Chairman of Democratic National Con. ELECTION RETURNS IN DETAIL, of all the
29 Presidential Elections since 1886..
FLOYD, JOAN, of Virginia, supported by Aggregate vote by States, for President, from
South Carolina for President, 1882.
11 1824 to 1856....
239 FREE HOMESTEADS-Action of Congress on Alabama vote for President.
228 Governor, Congress, etc. 1859 248
granting free Homesteads to actual settlers.. 182 Arkansas vote for President.
Mr. Grow's Ten-Year proposition defeated in 284
184 California vote for President.
Mr. Grow introduces another bill which is
185 Connecticut vote for President..
The Senate refused to act upon it.. 228
187 Governor, 1560.
Mr. Grow introduces another in 1860, which Delaware vote for President.
188 Governor, 1858.
Rejected by the Senate.. 240
189 Florida vote for President.
A compromise bill agreed upon. 288
190 Congress, 1858.
Vetoed by the President.. 248
Veto sustained by the Senate. Georgia vote for President. 225
198 Congress, 1859.
243 FRELINGHUYSEN, THEODORE, of New-Jersey, Illinois vote for President
220 Nominated and defeated for Vice-President in Congress, 1858 246
18 Legislature, 1858.
247 Indiana vote for President.
222 FREMONT, Col. John C., of California, Re-
22 Iowa vote for President..
287 Defeated for President, 1856..
28 Kentucky vote for President. Congress, 1859
288 GARTRELL, LUCIUS J., of Georgia, for disLouisiana vote for President,...
172 Congress, 1859.
243 GEORGIA LEGISLATURE censures Senator Maine vote for President.
Berrien for voting to confirm Mr. Everett as Min-
215 Maryland vote for President..
224 Congress, 1858.
241 Graham, WILLIAM A., of North Carolina, Massachusetts vote for President, 217 Whig nominee for Vice-President, 1852..
18 Governor, 1859. 240 Defeated for Vice-President, 1852...
22 Michigan vote for President..
GRANGER, Francis, of New York, Presi.
246 Minnesota vote for Governor, 1859.
10 Missouri vote for President..
12 Congress, 1858.
245 GUTHRIE, JAMES, of Kentucky, supported Mississippi vote for President..
for President in National Democratic Conven. Governor, Congress, etc., 1859 248 tion... New Hampshire vote for President.
216 Governor, 1859.. 240 HALE, JOAN P., of New Hampshire, Free New-Jersey vote for President.. 217 Democratic nominee for President, 1852.
21 Governor, 1859..
241 New-York vote for President..
HAMLIN, HANNIBAL, of Maine, nominated
219 Sec. State, Controller, etc.,
for Vice-President by Republican National Con1859.. 240 vention, 1860..
23 North Carolina vote for President.
Renounces the Democratic party in the U. S.
209 Ohio vote for President..
Accepts nomination for Vice-President...... 211 * Governor, 1859.
245 HARRISON, Gen. WILLIAM H., of Ohio, nom. Oregon vote for Congress, 1859.
12 Pennsylvania vote for President.
Nominated for President at Harrisburg, Decem-
19 Rhode Island vote for President.
216 Governor, 1860.... 240 HICKMAN, John, of Pennsylvania, supportSouth Carolina chooses Electors and Governor ed for Vice-President in Republican Convention, by Legislature...... 248 1860...
23 Tennessee vote for Presidente ......
281 Congress, 1859.
Houston, Gen. Sam, of Texas, supported
244 Texas vote for President.
29 “ Congress, 1859.
248 HUNTER, ROBERT M. T., of Virginia, supVermoxt vote for President.
217 Governor, 1869
ported for President by Democratic National Con
240 Virginia vote for President.
226 Governor, 1859,
241 ILLINOIS DECLARES FOR FREE TERRITORIES Wisconsin vote for President.. 237 through Legislative Resolves....
208 Governor, 1869.
Jackson, Gen. ANDREW, of Tennessee, FILLMORE, MILLARD, of New-York, defeated beaten for President in 1824 and elected in 1828... 10 ke Tice-President in Whig Convention, 1844..... 13 Reëlected President in 1832.