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points indifferent; and it may truly be
said that never did Nature and fortune
combine more perfectly to make a man
great, and to place him in the same con-
stellation with whatever worthies have
merited from man an everlasting remem-
brance. For his was the singular destiny
and merit of leading the armies of his
country successfully through an arduous
war, for the estab-
lishment of its inde-
pendence; of con-
ducting its councils
through the birth
of a Government
new in its forms
and principles, un-
til it had settled
down into a quiet
and orderly train;

and of scrupulously
obeying the laws
through the whole
of his career,
civil and military,
of which the his-
tory of the world
furnishes no other
He has often de-
clared to me that
he considered our

There is no tongue to speak his eulogy; Too brightly burned his splendor for our

eyes; Far easier to condemn his injurers, Than for the tongue to reach his smallest worth.

E believe the government of the United States to be at this moment the best in the world; but then the Americans are the best people; and we have a theory that the government of every State is always-excepting during the periods of actual change that which is best adapted to the circumstances and wants of its inhabitants. But they who argue in favor of a republic, in lieu of a mixed monarchy, for Great Britain, are, we suspect, ignorant of the genius of their countrymen se Democracy the materials of the materials of English character. An Englishman is, from his mother's

forms no element in

womb, an aristo

crat. Whatever rank or birth, whatever fortune, trade, or profession may be his fate, he is, or wishes or hopes to be, an aristocrat. The insatiable love of caste that in England, as in Hindustan, devours all hearts, is confined to no walks of society, but pervades every degree, from the highest to the lowest. Of what conceivable use, then, would it be to strike down the lofty patricians that have descended to us from the days of the Normans and Plantagenets, if we of the middle classwho are more enslaved than any other to this passion-are prepared to lift up, from amongst ourselves, an aristocracy of mere wealth-not less austere, not less selfish-only less noble than that we had deposed. No! whatever changes in the course of time education may and will effect, we do not believe that England, at this moment, contains even the germs of genuine republicanism We do not, then, advocate the adoption of democratic institutions for such a people. But the examples held forth to

He to the realms of sinfulness came down,
To teach mankind; ascending then to God,
Heaven unbarred to him her lofty gates,
Ungrateful land! to its own injury,
To whom his country hers refused to ope.
Nurse of his fate! Well, too, does this

And, midst a thousand proofs, let this That greatest ills fall to the perfectest.


That, as his exile had no parallel, So never was there man more great than he.

"On Dante," by Michelangelo

new constitution as an experiment on the practicability of republican government, and with what dose of liberty man could be trusted for his own good; that he was determined the experiment should have a fair trial, and would lose the last drop of his blood in support of it. I do believe that General Washington had a firm confidence in the durability of our Government. I felt on his death, with my countrymen, that, "Verily a very great man hath fallen this day in Israel."-Thomas Jefferson.

Se se

The only hope of preserving what is best lies in the practice of an immense charity, a wide tolerance, a sincere respect for opinions that are not ours.

-P. G. Hamerton.


Books are the ever-burning lamps of accumulated wisdom.-G. W. Curtis.

us by the Americans, of strict economy, of peaceful non-interference, of universal education, and of other public improvements, may, and, indeed, must be emulated by the Government of this country, if the people are to be allowed even the chance of surviving a competition with that republican community. -Richard Cobden.

Freedom is the one purport, wisely aimed at, or unwisely, of all man's struggles, toilings and sufferings, in this earth.-Carlyle.

Je do

S to the position that "the people always mean well," that they always mean to say and do what they believe to be right and just-it may be popular, but it can not be true. The word people applies to all the individual inhabitants of a country. . . . That portion of them who individually mean well never was, nor until the millennium will be, considerable. Pure democracy, like pure rum, easily produces intoxication and with it a thousand pranks and fooleries

I do not expect mankind will, before the millennium, be what they ought to be; and therefore, in my opinion, every political theory which does not regard them as being what they are, will prove abortive de

Yet I wish to see all unjust and unnecessary discriminations everywhere abolished, and that the time may come when all our inhabitants of every color and discrimination shall be free and equal partakers of our political liberties.

-John Jay.

ET it never be forgotten that it is not by means of war that states are rendered fit for the enjoyment of constitutional freedom; on the contrary, whilst terror and bloodshed reign in the land, involving men's minds in the extremities of hopes and fears, there can be no process of thought, no education going on, by which alone can a people be prepared for the enjoyment of rational liberty. -Richard Cobden.

IR COUNT, I have made several designs in accordance with the ideas which you suggested, and if I believe my flatterers, I have satisfied them all. Yet I have not satisfied my own judgment, since I fear that I shall not have pleased yours. I send the designs and beg that you will make a selection, if you think any of them worthy of acceptance se de

Our Lord the Pope has done me great honor by throwing a considerable burden on my shoulders-that of attending to the building of St. Peter's. I hope I shall not sink under it; the more so as the model which I have made is approved by His Holiness, and praised by many intelligent persons. But I soar in thought to higher spheres-I should like to discover the beautiful forms of ancient edifices, and know not whether my flight may not be the flight of Icarus. I gather much light from Vetruvius, but not as much as I require.

With regard to " Galatea," I should consider myself a great master if it realized one half of the many things of which you write; but I gather from your words the love you bear me, and I should tell you that to paint a beauty one should see many, the sole condition being that you should be with me to make choice of the best. Good judgment being as scarce as handsome women, I make use of a certain idea which comes to my mind. But whether this, in itself, has any excellence of art, I know not; I shall do what I can to attain it.-Letter from Raphael to Count Castiglione.

E know that a statement proved to thoughts are constantly obtaining the floor. These two theories-that all is matter, or that all is Mind-will dispute the ground, until one is acknowledged to be the victor. Discussing his campaign, General Grant said: "I propose to fight it out on this line, if it takes all summer." Science says: All is Mind and Mind's idea. You must fight it out on this line. Matter can afford you no aid.

-Mary Baker Eddy.

HESE are the times that try men's souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of his country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the

harder the conflict,
the more glorious
the triumph. What
we may obtain too
cheap, we esteem
too lightly: 't is
dearness only that
gives everything
its value.
Heaven knows how
to put a proper
price upon its
goods s
It would be strange
indeed if so celestial
an article as free-
dom should not be highly rated. Britain,
with an army to enforce her tyranny,
has declared that she has a right (not
only to tax) but “to bind us in all cases
whatsoever," and if being bound in that
manner, is not slavery, then is there not
such a thing as slavery upon earth. Even
the expression is impious, for so unlimited
a power can belong only to God.


Where weary folk toil, black with university distinc


And hear but whistles scream,

tions; but it would be a grievous evil if the good of a man's reading for

I went, all fresh from dawn and dew, three years were all

To carry them a dream.

to depend on the result of a single examination, affected as that result must ever in some degree be by causes independent of a man's intellectual excellence. I am sayingnothing but what you know quite well already; still a momentary feeling of disappointment may tempt a man to do himself great injustice, and to think that his efforts have been attended by no proportionate fruit. I can only say, for one, that as far as the real honor of Rugby is concerned, it is the effort, a hundred times more than the issue of the effort, that is in my judgment a credit to the school: inasmuch as it shows that the men who go from here to the University do their duty there; and that is the real point which alone to my mind reflects honor either on individuals or on societies; and if such a fruit is in any way traceable to the influence of Rugby, then I am proud and thankful to have had such a man as my pupil.-Thomas Arnold. (Letter to a Student.)

HARDLY know whether you would like my writing to you; yet I feel strongly disposed so far to presume on the old relation which existed between us as to express my earnest hope that you will not attach too much importance to your disappointment, whatever it may have been, at the recent examination. I believe that I attach quite as much value as is reasonable to

I went to bitter lanes and dark,
Who once had known the sky,
To carry them a dream-and found
They had more dreams than I.
"The Dream-Bearer," by Mary Carolyn Davies

I have as little superstition in me as any man living, but my secret opinion has ever been, and still is, that God Almighty will not give up a people to military destruction, or leave them unsupportedly to perish, who have so earnestly and so repeatedly sought to avoid the calamities of war, by every decent method which wisdom could invent.

Neither have I so much of the infidel in me, as to suppose that He has relinquished the government of the world, and given us up to the care of devils. -Thomas Paine (From The Crisis)

30 30

Men and nations can only be reformed in their youth; they become incorrigible as they grow old.-Rousseau.

De 10

Do not keep the alabaster boxes of your love and tenderness sealed up until your friends are dead. Fill their lives with sweetness. Speak approving, cheering words while their ears can hear them and while their hearts can be thrilled by them.-Henry Ward Beecher.

T is well to bear in mind that whatever other sins the South may be called to bear, when it comes to business, pure and simple, it is in the South that the Negro is given a man's chance in the commercial world.



Our greatest danger is that in the great leap from slavery to freedom we may overlook the fact that the masses of us are to live by the productions of our hands, and fail to keep in mind that we shall prosper in proportion as we learn to dignify and glorify common labor and put brains and skill into the common occupations of life; shall prosper in proportion as we learn to draw the line between the superficial and the substantial, the ornamental gewgaws of life and the useful. No race can prosper till it learns that there is as much dignity in tilling a field as in writing a poem. It is at the bottom of life we must begin, and not at the top.

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that the agitation of questions of social equality is the extremest folly, and that progress in the enjoyment of all the privileges that will come to us must be the result of severe and constant struggle rather than of artificial forcing. No race that has anything to contribute to the markets of the world is long in any degree ostracized.

-Booker T. Washington.

Four course of life be pure, and our actions good and right, there is no need for a reward in another world even though in this one everything to which the mere worldling attaches a value should be wanting. It indicates a trivial knowledge of the true nature, and a trivial respect for the true worth and dignity of man, if the stimulus of a reward in another world must be held out in order to rouse him to action worthy of his nature and high calling.

The feeling, the consciousness of having lived and worked in unswerving faithfulness to his true nature and dignity ought, without the need or demand of any other external satisfaction, to be at all times his highest reward We weaken and degrade the human nature we should strengthen and raise, when we dangle before it a bait to good action, even though this bait be hung out from another world In using an external stimulus, however seemingly spiritual, to call forth a better life, we leave undeveloped that active and independent inward force which is implanted within every man for the manifestation of ideal humanity.-Friedrich Froebel.


ARMONY is produced by its Principle, is controlled by it and abides with it. Divine Principle is the Life of man. Man's happiness is not, therefore, at the disposal of physical sense. Truth is not contaminated by error. Harmony in man is as beautiful as in music, and discord is unnatural, unreal.

-Mary Baker Eddy.

10 10

The ladder of life is full of splinters, but they always prick the hardest when we 're sliding down.-William L. Brownell,

MERSON'S was an Asiatic mind, drawing its sustenance partly from the hard soil of our New England, partly, too, from the air that has known Himalaya and the Ganges. So impressed with this character of his mind was Mr. Burlingame, as I saw him, after his return from his mission, that he said to me, in a freshet of hyperbole, which was the overflow of a channel with a thread of truth running in it, "There are twenty thousand Ralph Waldo Emersons in China."

ministers denounced his heresies, and handled his writings as if they were packages of dynamite, and the grandmothers were as much afraid of his new teachings as old Mrs. Piozzi was of geology. We had had revolutionary orators, reformers, martyrs; it was but a few years since Abner Kneeland had been sent to jail for expressing an opinion

about the great First Cause; but we had had nothing like this man, with his seraphic voice and countenance, his choice vocabulary, his refined ut

terance, his gentle courage, which, with a different manner, might have been called audacity, his temperate statement of opinions which threatened to shake the existing order of thought like an earthquakes je His peculiarities of ing became fertile style and of thinkparents of mannerisms, which were fair game for ridicule as they appeared in his imi

tators. For one who

talks like Emerson

Tears, idle tears, I know not what they


Tears from the depth of some divine despair

Rise in the heart, and gather to the eyes, In looking on the happy autumn fields, And thinking of the days that are no more.

What could we do with this unexpected, unprovided for, unclassified, half-unwelcome newcomer, who had been for a while potted, as it were, in our Unitarian cold green-house, but had taken to growing so fast that he was lifting oft its glass roof and letting in the hailstorms? Here was a protest that outflanked the extreme left of liberalism, yet so calm and serene that its radicalism had the accents of the gos pel of peace. Here was an iconoclast without a hammer, who took down our idols from their pedestals so tenderly that it seemed like an act of worship. The scribes and pharisees made light of his oracular sayings. The lawyers could not find the witnesses to subpoena and the documents to refer to when his case came before them, and turned him over to their wives and daughters The

Fresh as the first beam glittering on a sail,

That brings our friends up from the underworld,

Sad as the last which reddens over one That sinks with all we love below the


So sad, so fresh, the days that are no more.

Ah, sad and strange as in dark summer dawns

The earliest pipe of half-awaken'd birds To dying ears, when unto dying eyes The casement slowly grows a glimmering square;

So sad, so strange, the days that are no


Dear as remember'd kisses after death, And sweet as those by hopeless fancy feign'd

On lips that are for others: deep as love, Deep as first love, and wild with all regret; Oh, death in life! the days that are no


"Tears, Idle Tears," by Alfred Tennyson

or like Carlyle soon finds himself sur

rounded by a crowd

of walking phonographs, who mechanically reproduce his mental

and vocal accents. Emerson was before long talking in the midst of a babbling Simonetta of echoes, and not unnaturally was now and then himself a mark for the small-shot of criticism. He had soon reached that height in the "cold thin atmosphere" of thought where "Vainly the fowler's eye might mark his distant

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