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to visit his family and friends in Vermont without molestation for real or pretended debts." Apparently the petition was not granted. During the greater part of the childhood of his children he had been absent from home. In a letter sent to New York before General Allen's trip to Europe Mrs. Allen writes that Ira says "his Papa has run away." She urges him to go to the "best tinner in New York" and have his miniature taken and "set in solid gold." A miniature of General Allen, the only known portrait of the distinguished Vermonter, is in the possession of the University of Vermont, and the large portrait which hangs in the Library of the University was copied by Thomas Waterman Wood from this miniature, which is considered by critics a remarkably fine portrait and a valuable work of art. A statue of Ira Allen, the work of Sherry Fry, a New York sculptor, was erected on the campus of the University of Vermont in 1921, being the gift of James B. Wilbur of Manchester.

General Allen died on January 15, 1814, of “retrocedent gout," aged sixty-three years, according to a letter written to his nephew, Heman Allen, by John P. Ripley of Philadelphia. Several biographical sketches give January 7 as the date of his death but the Ripley letter, a newspaper report, and the burial certificate coincide in the later date. He was buried in the Free Quaker burial ground of Philadelphia, but no stone marked his grave, and an attempt made in 1905 by former Vermonters residing in that city to find some trace of his remains, that they might be brought back to Vermont as an act of tardy justice, was unsuccessful.

After General Allen's death the family removed to Irasburg, which was Mrs. Allen's property, and here his widow lived for many years. She died in 1838, at the age of seventy-four years. The records do not show when Ira Allen and Jerusha, daughter of Gen. Roger Enos, were married, but Irasburg was given to the bride as a dowry in September, 1789, and the marriage probably took place about that time. The oldest son, Ira Hayden, was born July 19, 1790; Zimri Enos was born in 1792 and died in 1813, at the age of twenty-one years, just as he was ready to begin the practice of law. A daughter, Juliet, was born in 1794 and died at St. Albans in 1811, aged seventeen years. Heman, a nephew, a son of Heber Allen, lived in General Allen's family, was treated as a son, and managed his affairs to some extent during his absence. The widow of Heber Allen was General Allen's housekeeper before his marriage. Ira H. Allen became one of the prominent men of northeastern Vermont. He managed the Irasburg property prudently and it became valuable. He was a member of the Legislature eleven years, also a member of the Governor's Council, and the Council of Censors. died in 1866.


The end of the career of General Allen constitutes one of the tragedies of history. To Ira Allen and Thomas Chittenden, more than to any other men, belong the credit of founding the State of Vermont. Without Allen's resourcefulness and diplomacy it is a matter of grave doubt whether there would have existed, at least for any considerable period, a State of Vermont. He believed in Vermont, he appreciated her resources

and opportunities, and with the vision of a statesman he saw possibilities for commercial development which would result from linking the waters of Lake Champlain with those of the St. Lawrence River. He had built up large industries and had acquired a great landed estate. But his prolonged detention in Europe, where he was a victim of injustice and cruelty, gave the opportunity for stripping him of his great possessions. He returned to the State which he had founded and nourished, only to be driven from its borders to avoid a debtor's prison. Deprived of his possessions, compelled to spend his last years an exile from home, family and friends, he was buried in a nameless grave; and a later generation which would have been proud to do him honor, was unable to find any trace of his last resting place. The men who persecuted him are forgotten, in accordance with their deserts, but Ira Allen will be remembered and admired as long as Vermont remains a State of the American Union.

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