Page images

and equally fitting and evanescent are the memories which come up from the chambers of the past, of golden sunsets and the 'pomp of morning in the East.' ... It is quite certain, we conceive, from whatever cause the fact may arise, that there is a better feeling springing up in Great-Britain toward the lower classes. The last London Quarterly, in a review of a book written by an imprisoned radical, speaking of the higher (we should rather say upper) ranks, observes: “Let them see and consider in what aspects they are regarded by thousands upon thousands of their fellow-countrymen; and, granting that these aspects are distorted, ask deliberately whether there is no remedy within their own power for what they must feel to be about the worst mischief that could befall a nation; the habitual misunderstanding and misappreciation of certain comparatively fortunate orders of society by those less fortunate but infinitely more numerous, and including a great and rapidly increasing proportion of not merely vigorous natural talent, but talent cultivated and directed in a degree and a manner of which former generations could scarcely have anticipated the possibility. This conviction will from time to time, and in a sort of geometrical progression, be forced upon the privileged classes in England; until at length it may come to pass (God speed the day!) when they will blush to

-- link their pleasure or their pride With suffering of the meanest thing that lives.'

Modern Translations' is under advisement. Some of the errors exposed (the two especially from Jean Paul) do not strike us as so“ laughable' as they are stupid. In a late French translation of Milton's · Paradise Lost,'* Hail! horrors, hail!' is rendered thus :

Comment vous porlez-vous, les horreurs ? comment vous portez-vous ?' That is, ' How d’ye do, horrors ? how d'ye do?' . . HERE is a pleasant story from WALPOLE's correspondence. It seduced us into a hearty laugh when we were very dull and far from cheerful. Perhaps it may have a similar effect upon some temporarily lugubrious reader:

[ocr errors]

“I must add a curious story, which I believe will surprise your Italian surgeons as much as it has amazed the faculty here. A sailor who had broken his leg was advised to communicate his case to the Royal Society. The account he gave was, that having fallen from the top of the mast and fractured his leg, he had dressed it with nothing but tar and oakum, and yet in three days was able to walk as well as before the accident. The story at first appeared quite incredible, as no such efficacious qualities were known in tar, and still less in oakum; vor was a poor sailor to be credited on his own bare assertion of so wonderful a cure. The society very reasonably demanded a fuller relation, and, I suppose the corroboration of evidence. Many doubted whether the leg had been really broken. That part of the story had been amply verified. Suill it was difficult to believe that the man bad made use of no other applications than tar and oakum; and how they should cure a broken leg in three days, even if they could cure it at all, was a matter of the utmost wonder. Several letters passed between the society and the patient, who persevered in the most solemo asseverations of having used no other remedies, and it does appear beyond a doubt that the man speaks truth. It is a little uncharitable, but I fear there are surgeons who might not like this abbreviation of attendance and expense ; but, on the other hand, you will be charmed with the plain, honest simplicity of the sailor. In a postscript to his last letter he added these words: 'I forgot to tell your honors that the leg was a wooden


The facts recorded in this passage from a notice of Judge HALIBURTON's last work, in a late English Review, are not iess creditable to the several countries named, than to the distinguished functionaries who represent them : 'In Europe, even the talent evinced in able journalism is often the first step to the highest niche in the temple of power and fame. If we turn our eyes to France, we see Guizot, CHATEAUBRIAND, THERS, Arago, BERANGER, ETIENNE, MAUGUIN, Odillon BARROT, and many more; in Germany, Hum. BOLDT, SCHLEGEL, GENTZ, SAVIGNY; in short, in every country the path to preferment opened by the cultivation of letters. Who is the ambassador from Russia ? A man who has isen by his pen. Who from Sweden? The historian of British India. Who from Prussia ? A professor. Who from Belgium? A man who has risen by literature. Who from France? An author and an historian. Who from America ?

An author and professor.' . WELL, reader, the first number of our Twenty-fifth Volume is before you. How does it strike you? Make your favorite contributors welcome; the admirable

* Grandfather,' the contemplative, thoughiful. St. LEGER,' “and the lave.' We shall not promise too much for the future; but “you shall see what you shall see :'

It is not the thing for us, we know it,
To crack our own trunipet up, and blow it,
But — it's the best, and time will show it,'

if it has n't already. The following, among other communications, are received. We regret that some of them arrived too late for insertion in the present number: Papers from the Russian of Karamsin,' and from the German; “The Stage, considered as a Moral Institution ;' • The Twinkle Papers;' Protection to American Authorship ;' poetical articles by “G. H. H.;' • Necessity for a National Literature, etc. ·.Messrs. BURGESS, STRINGER AND COMPANY, to whose fourishing and enterprising establishment the public are indebted for numerous works, alike reasonable in price and valuable in kind, have commenced the publication of a fac-simile edition of the · London Lancet,' with all its engravings, wood-cuts, etc. This medical journal is known to be the very first of its class in England, and to contain a complete monthly compendium of the current medical experience and medical literature of the British metropolis, and indeed of Great-Britain at large. Its writers, in every department, are eminent practitioners in the particular branch to which each is devoted; and new departments are frequently made, and supplied, without regard to expense. The • Lancet' is deemed a ' Medical Vade Mecum,' and its sale in this country will be enormous. The same publishers have expanded upon their ample counters all the English and American annuals,' keepsakes,' “presents,' “gift-books,' every thing presentable,' in short, for man, woman, or child, in this gay season. 'It is a sight to see! The anecdote of Jarvis, the painter, recorded in our last number, has reminded a correspondent of another, which is equally felicitous, and somewhat kindred in character. Ile was one day engaged in painting the Bishop of Virginia; and during the progress of the sitting,' the venerable prelate began 10 remonstrate with him upon the dissipated courses into which he had fallen. Jarvis made no reply; but dropping his pencil from the forehead of his portrait to the lower part of the face, he said, with a slight motion to his reverend sitter, ‘Just shut your mouth, Bishop." By painting upon that feature, he averted the admonition of the divine, and presently changed the subject.” Apropos of Jarvis: is it generally known that he has a son in this city, an artist of great skill, a pupil of his pupil's, HIENRY Inman, who inherits his father's genius without its too common attendant? Mr. Jarvis, Jr. executes pictures of children, especially, that seem transfers of actual flesh and blood to the canvass. . . Boyd's City Express,' let us thankfully say, is one of the most complete accommodations of its class to be found in town. Its ramifications embrace the most distant parts of the metropolis, its deliveries are frequent and prompt, and every thing which enterprise and care can do to render the system perfect is cheerfully performed. Mr. Bord deserves all the success which has attended his experiment. Mr. S. N. DICKINSON, the eminent Boston printer, has issued the tenth volume of his · Boston Almanai' for the present year. It fully sustains the high reputation which it had previously acquired. The table of Loral and General Events for the Year is very full and well selected; there is a new and costly map of the city of Boston; a carefully-prepared Business Directory; and a complete list of the newspapers of New-England, of which, by the way, she may well be proud. The calendar is by Prof. Pierce, of Cambridge, who supplies the same department in the well-known 'American Almanac.' Altogether, the · Boston Almanac' leaves little to be desired, in a work of its kind. The two engraved business-cards of the worthy publish's, which line the insides of the cover, are beautifully designed and admirably executed. NOTICES of Mr. LYMAN COBB's Reader, Greeley's Address, DUNNIGAN's superb Douay Bible, SCHOOLCRAFT'S“

• Onéota,' American Works Abroad, Publications of Messte. APPLETON, and of the Messrs. HARPERS, were in type for the present, and are in type for our next issue.








1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, AND 1842.





Price Twenty-five Dollars to Subscribers, done up in beautiful

Extra Cloth Binding.

This great and truly national work will be issued in a style of superior magnificence and beauty, containing SIXTY-EIGHT large Steel Engravings; FORTY-SIX exquisite Steel Vignettes, worked among the letter-press ; over THREE HUNDRED finely-executed Wood Cuts ; THIRTEEN LARGE and small Maps and Charts; and about TWENTY. FIVE HUNDRED pages of letter-press. It has been delayed by the unusual time and expense requisite to the production of illustrations so numerous and so beautifully finished, but it is confidently expected to be ready for delivery in January.

No pains or expense have been spared to render these volumes worthy of the theme they are designed to illustrate, and to make them equal, if not superior, to any thing of the kind ever produced in any country. The whole work may be considered as a truly national one. Nothing has been used in its preparation that is not STRICTLY AMERICAN, and the design of the Author and Publishers has been to produce a book worthy of the country.

A specimen of the Plates, Cuts, and general execution of the work can be had, and the names of the persons wanting copies may be left with the Publishers, or any of the principal Booksellers throughout the Union. The names first handed in will have the advantage of early impressions.



As the history of the only Expedition yet commissioned by our Government to explore foreign countries, this work must present features of unusual interest to every American. Much curiosity has been excited respecting this enterprise, from the length of time during which it was in preparation, and from the various conflicting reports which were circulated during its protracted absence.

The Publishers, while presenting a specimen of the mechanical execution of this great work, would call the attention of the public to some of the important points of the Voyage, the results of which cannot fail to prove advantageous to the commerce and character of this country.

The Squadron - six vessels — sailed from Norfolk in August, 1838, and after making important observations on the voyage, via. Madeira, arrived at Rio, when their investigations were successfully prosecuted. Sailing thence for Cape Horn, they examined the commercial capabilities of Rio Negro. Arriving at Cape Horn, two of the vessels were despatched to investigate Palmer's Land, and other Antarctic Regions; whence, after encountering great danger, they returned safely, and sailed with the whole Squadron for Valparaiso and Callao. After making important observations on the West Coast of South America, regarding the commerce, political history, &c., of that portion of America, they sailed for Sydney, cruising among the numerous groups of islands of the Pacific Archipelago, where the results were peculiarly important, as connected with the commerce and Whale Fishery of our country, as well as the aid they were able to bring to the various missionary establishments engaged in the introduction of Christianity and civilization. After remaining some time at Sydney, pursuing important investigations, they sailed for the Antarctic Regions, leaving behind them the Corps of Naturalists to explore that singular country, the observations on which will be found of great interest. The Squadron then proceeding South, made the brilliant discovery of the ANTARCTIC CONTINENT, on the 19th January, 1840, in 160° east longitude, along which they coasted, in a westerly direction, to 95° east, a distance of 1500 miles. On the return of the vessels, they touched at New Zealand, when the Naturalists were again taken on board. They next proceeded to the Friendly Islands of Cook, the Feejee Group, and reached the Sandwich Islands late in the fall, which precluded them from going to the North-West Coast that season. The Paumotu, Samoan, and King's Mills group of islands were visited, and a particular examination made of the Island of Hawaii, its interesting craters and volcanic eruptions. In the spring, the Squadron proceeded to the Oregon Territory, now exciting so much interest in a political point of view; it was thoroughly examined in regard to its commercial and agricultural prospects, &c. Here the Peacock was lost on the dangerous bar of the Columbia river. After the Oregon, Upper California was examined. The Expedition now returned to the Sandwich Islands, and thence sailed for Manilla and Singapore, touching at the Phillipine Islands, and passing through the Sooloo Sea, the channels of which being correctly ascertained, will greatly benefit the important navigation to China.

Touching at the Cape of Good Hope and Rio, this important and successful Exploring Expedition finally, on the 10th of June, 1842, arrived at New York, after an absence of three years and ten months.

During the whole Voyage, every opportunity was taken to procure information, investigate unknown or little frequented parts of those seas now reached by our commerce, and thoroughly to institute scientific investigations of all kinds. To illustrate these, a vast number of drawings and maps have been executed; but the chief objects in view were of a practical nature. Numerous regulations have been made with the rulers of various islands, to secure the safety of our commerce, now daily increasing in those seas. In short, every thing has been done which lay in the power of officers or men to make the Expedition redound to the interest and honour of the Country; and in the volumes to be issued will be found its history and embodiment.













TO THE AMERICAN PUBLIC.. The subscribers having engaged to promote, and, if the design be favourably received by the public, to superintend, an American edition of the History of the United States, by the late James Grahame, with his last revisions, corrections, and additions, deem it proper, in soliciting the patronage of the public for their undertaking, to state the circumstances, motives, and views, which have induced them to engage in it.

James Grahame, a Briton, born in Scotland, highly educated, --for several years a successful advocate at the Scottish bat,-was led in early life, by taste and the liberal tendencies of his mind, to take a deep interest in the character and fortunes of the people of the United States. His standard of morals being elevated, and his religious views coinciding with those of the early Pựritans, he was irresistibly drawn to the study of the principles which induced their emigration to North America, and of the institutions of which they here laid the foundations. He was, it is believed, the first person who, in either country, engaged systematically in the task of combining in one general work all the elements which belong to a complete history of the United States, from the first settlement of the British colonies, to their assumption of national independence.

He commenced writing his History in 1824, and, having brought it down to the British Revolution of 1688, he published two volumes of it in 1827, and finally issued his work entire in 1836, from the British press, in four octavo volumes, in a style at once costly and elegant.

In his researches after materials he spared neither labour nor expense. He not only con. sulted the original documents in the public and private libraries of England and Scotland, to which he had free access, but, at different periods, took up his residence in France and Ger. many, for the sole purpose of availing himself of whatever treasures, illustrative of American history, those countries possessed. Though a foreignér, his feelings were intensely American. The undisguised affection for our country and its institutions, which the work manifests, rendered it little acceptable to the literary arbiters of public opinion in Great Britain. On its first publication, it was received with coldness and silence. The success of Puritanism found

« PreviousContinue »