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(i) Any person who makes application for payment under this section shall be held to have consented to all the provisions of this Act.

() The President is requested to enter into an agreement with the German Government by which the Mixed Claims Commission will be given jurisdiction of and authorized to decide claims of the same character as those of which the commission now has jurisdiction, notice of which is filed with the Department of State before July 1, 1928. If such agreement is entered into before January 1, 1929, awards in respect of such claims shall be certified under subsection (a) and shall be in all other respects subject to the provisions of this section.

CLAIMS OF GERMAN NATIONALS AGAINST UNITED STATES

Sec. 3. (a) There shall be a War Claims Arbiter (hereinafter referred to as the Arbiter), who shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, without regard to any provision of law prohibiting the holding of more than one office. The Arbiter, notwithstanding any other provision of law, shall receive a salary to be fixed by the President in an amount, if any, which if added to any other salary will make his total salary from the United States not in excess of $15,000 a year.

(6) It shall be the duty of the Arbiter, within the limitations hereinafter prescribed, to hear the claims of any German national (as hereinafter defined), and to determine the fair compensation to be paid by the United States, in respect of

(1) Any merchant vessel (including any equipment, appurtenances, and property contained therein), title to which was taken by or on behalf of the United States under the authority of the Joint Resolution of May 12. 1917 (Fortieth Statutes, page 75). Such compensation shall be the fair value, as nearly as may be determined, of such vessel to the owner immediately prior to the time exclusive possession was taken under the authority of such Joint Resolution, and in its condition at such time, taking into consideration the fact that such owner could not use or permit the use of such vessel, or charter or sell or otherwise dispose of such vessel for use or delivery, prior to the termination of the war, and that the war was not terminated until July 2, 1921, except that there shall be deducted from such value any consideration paid for such vessel by the United States. The findings of the Board of Survey appointed under the authority of such Joint Resolution shall be competent evidence in any proceeding before the Arbiter to determine the amount of such compensation.

(2) Any radio station (including any equipment, appurtenances, and property contained therein) which was sold to the United States by or under the direction of the Alien Property Custodian under authority of the Trading with the Enemy Act, or any amendment thereto. Such compensation shall be the fair value, as nearly as may be determined, which such radio station would have had on July 2, 1921, if returned to the owner on such date in the same condition as on the date on which it was seized by or on behalf of the United States, or on which it was conveyed or delivered to, or seized by, the Alien Property Custodian, whichever date is earlier, except that there shall be deducted from such value any consideration paid for such radio station by the United States.

(3) Any patent (or any right therein or claim thereto, and including an application therefor and any patent issued pursuant to any such

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application) which was licensed, assigned, or sold by the Alien Property Custodian to the United States. Such compensation shall be the amount, as nearly as may be determined, which would have been paid if such patent, right, claim, or application had been licensed, assigned, or sold to the United States by a citizen of the United States, except that there shall be deducted from such amount any consideration paid therefor by the United States (other than consideration which is returned to the United States under section 27 of the Trading with the Enemy Act, as amended)

(4) The use by or for the United States of any invention described in and covered by any patent (including an application therefor and any patent issued pursuant to any such application) which was conveyed, transferred, or assigned to, or seized by, the Alien Property Custodian, but not including any use during any period between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, both dates inclusive, or on or after the date on which such patent was licensed, assigned, or sold by the Alien Property Custodian. In determining such compensation, any defense, general or special, available to a defendant in an action for infringement or in any suit in equity for relief against an alleged infringement, shall be available to the United States.

(c) The proceedings of the Arbiter under this section shall be conducted in accordance with such rules of procedure as he may prescribe. The Arbiter, or any referee designated by him, is authorized to administer oaths, to hold hearings at such places within or without the United States as the Arbiter deems necessary, and to contract for the reporting of such hearings. Any witness appearing for the United States before thé Arbiter or any such referee at any place within or without the United States may be paid the same fees and mileage as witnesses in courts of the United States. Such payments shall be made out of any funds in the German special deposit account hereinafter provided for, and may be made in advance.

(d) The Arbiter may, from time to time, and shall, upon the determination by him of the fair compensation in respect of all such vessels, radio stations, and patents, make a tentative award to each claimant of the fair compensation to be paid in respect of his claim, including simple interest, at the rate of 5 per centum per annum, on the amount of such compensation from July 2, 1921, to December 31, 1928, both dates inclusive. If a German national filing a claim in respect of any such vessel fails to establish to the satisfaction of the Arbiter that neither the German Government nor any member of the former ruling family had, at the time of the taking, any interest in such vessel, either directly or indirectly, through stock ownership or control or otherwise, then (whether or not claim has been filed by or on behalf of such Government or individual) no award shall be made to such German national unless and until the extent of such interest of the German Government and of the members of the former ruling family has been determined by the Arbiter. Upon such determination the Arbiter shall make a tentative award in favor of such Government or individual in such amount as the Arbiter determines to be in justice and equity representative of such interest, and reduce accordingly the amount available for tentative awards to German nationals filing claims in respect of the vessel so that the aggregate of the tentative awards (including awards on behalf of the German Government and members of the former ruling family) in respect of the vessel will be within the amount of fair compensation determined under subsection (b) of this section.

(e) The total amount to be awarded under this section shall not exceed $100,000,000, minus the sum of (1) the expenditures in carrying out the provisions of this section (including a reasonable estimate for such expenditures to be incurred prior to the expiration of the term of office of the Arbiter) and (2) the aggregate consideration paid by the United States in respect of the acquisition of such vessels and radio stations, and the use, license, assignment, and sale of such patents (other than consideration which is returned to the United States under section 27 of the Trading with the Enemy Act, as amended).

(f) If the aggregate amount of the tentative awards erceeds the amount which may be awarded under subsection (e), the Arbiter shall reduce pro rata the amount of each tentative award. The Arbiter shall enter an award of the amount to be paid each claimant, and thereupon shall certify such awards to the Secretary of the Treasury.

(9) The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to pay the amount of the awards certified under subsection (f).

(h) The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to pay annually (as nearly as may be) simple interest, at the rate of 5 per centum per annum, upon the amount of any such award remaining un paid, beginning January 1, 1929, until paid.

(i) The payments in respect of awards under this section shall be made in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe, but only out of the German special deposit account created by section 4, within the limitations hereinafter prescribed, and in the order of priority provided in subsections (c) and (d) of section 4.

(j) The Secretary of the Treasury shall not pay any amount in respect of any award made to or on behalf of the German Government or any member of the former ruling family, but the amount of any such award shall be credited upon the final payment due the United States from the German Government for the purpose of satisfying the awards of the Mired Claims Commission.

(k) No payment shall be made under this section unless application therefor is made, within two years after the date the award is certified, in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe. Payment of any amount in respect of any award may. be made, in the discretion of the Secretary of the Treasury, either in the United States or in Germany, and either in money of the United States or in lawful German money, and shall be made only to the person on behalf of whom the award was made, except that

(1) If such person is deceased or is under a legal disability, payment shall be made to his legal representative, except that if the payment is not over $500 it may be made to the persons found by the Secretary of the Treasury to be entitled thereto, without the necessity of compliance with the requirements of law in respect of the administration of estates;

(2) In the case of a partnership, association, or corporation, the existence of which has been terminated, payment shall be made, except as provided in paragraphs (3) and (4), to the persons found by the Secretary of the Treasury to be entitled thereto;

(3) If a receiver or trustee for the person on behalf of whom the award was made has been duly appointed by a court of competent jurisdiction and has not been discharged prior to the date of payment, payment shall be made to the receiver or trustee or in accordance with the order of the court; and

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(4) In the case of an assignment of an award, or of an assignment (prior to the making of the award) of the claim in respect of which such award was made, by a receiver or trustee for any such person, duly appointed by a court of competent jurisdiction, payment shall be made to the assignee.

(1) The head of any executive department, independent establishment, or agency in the executive branch of the Government, including the Alien Property Custodian and the Comptroller General, shall, upon request of the Arbiter, furnish such records, documents, papers, correspondence, and information in the possession of such department, independent establishment, or agency as may assist the Arbiter, furnish them statements and assistance of the same character as is described in section 188 of the Revised Statutes, and may temporarily detail any officers or employees of such department, independent establishment, or agency to assist the Arbiter, or to act as a referee, in carrying out the provisions of this section. The Attorney General shall assign such officers and employees of the Department of Justice as may be necessary to represent the United States in the proceedings under this section.

(m) The Arbiter, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, is authorized to (1) appoint and fix the salaries of such officers, referees, and employees, without regard to the civil service laws and regulations or to the Classification Act of 1923, and (2) make such expenditures (including expenditures for the salary of the Arbiter, rent and personal services at the seat of government and elsewhere, law books, periodicals, books of reference, and printing and binding) as may be necessary for carrying out the provisions of this section and within the funds available therefor. Any officer or employee detailed or assigned under subsection () shall be entitled to receive (notwithstanding any provision of law to the contrary) such additional compensation as the Arbiter, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, may prescribe. The Arbiter and officers and employees appointed, detailed, or assigned shall be entitled to receive their necessary traveling expenses and actual expenses incurred for subsistence (without regard to any limitations imposed by law) while away from the District of Columbia on business required by this section.

(n) On the date on which the awards are certified to the Secretary of the Treasury under subsection (1) or the date on which the awards are certified to the Secretary of the Treasury under subsection (e) of section 6 (patent claims of Austrian and Hungarian nationals), whichever date is the later, the terms of office of the Arbiter, and of the officers and employees appointed by the Arbiter, shall expire, and the books, papers, records, correspondence, property, and equipment of the office shall be transferred to the Department of the Treasury.

(0) No award or tentative award shall be made by the Arbiter in respect of any claim if (1) such claim is filed after the expiration of four months from the date on which the Arbiter takes office, or (2) any judgment or decree awarding compensation or damages in respect thereof has been rendered against the United States, and if such judgment or decree has become final (whether before or after the enactment of this Act), or (3) any suit or proceeding against the United States, or any agency thereof, is commenced or is pending in respect thereof and is not dismissed upon motion of the person by or on behalf of whom it was commenced, made before the expiration of six months from the date on which the Arbiter takes office and before any judgment or decree awarding compensation or damages becomes final.

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(2) There is hereby authorized to be appropriated, to be immediately available and to remain available until expended, the sum of $50,000,000, and, after the date on which the awards of the Arbiter under this section are certified to the Secretary of the Treasury, such additional amounts as, when added to the amounts previously appropriated, will be equivalent to the aggregate amount of such awards plus the amounts necessary for the expenditures authorized by subsections (c) and (m) of this section (expenses of administration), except that the aggregate of such appropriations shall not exceed $100,000,000.

(9) The provisions of this section shall constitute the exclusive method for the presentation and payment of claims arising out of any of the acts by or on behalf of the United States for which this section provides a remedy. Any person who files any claim or makes application for any payment under this section shall be held to have consented to all the provisions of this Act. This subsection shall not bar the presentation of a claim under section 21 (relating to the claims of certain former German nationals in respect of the taking of the vessels "Carl Diederichsenand "Johanne"); but no award shall be made under section 21 in respect of either of such vessels to or on behalf of any person to whom or on whose behalf an award is made under this section in respect of such vessel.

(r) If the aggregate amount to be awarded in respect of any vessel, radio station, or patent is awarded in respect of two or more claims, such amount shall be apportioned among such claims by the Arbiter as he determines to be just and equitable and as the interests of the claimants may appear.

(s) The Secretary of the Treasury, upon the certification of any of the tentative awards made under subsection (d) of this section and the recommendation of the Arbitar, may make such pro rata payments in respect of such tentative awards as he deems advisable, but the aggregate of such payments shall not exceed $25,000,000.

GERMAN SPECIAL DEPOSIT ACCOUNT

Sec. 4. (a) There is hereby created in the Treasury a German special deposit account, into which shall be deposited all funds hereinafter specified and from which shall be disbursed all payments authorized by section 2 or 3, including the expenses of administration authorized under subsections (c) and (m) of section 3 and subsection (e) of this section.

(6) The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized and directed to deposit in such special deposit account -

(1) All sums invested or transferred by the Alien Property Custodian, under the provisions of section 25 of the Trading with the Enemy Act, as amended;

(2) The amounts appropriated under the authority of section 3 (relating to claims of German nationals); and

(3) Al money (including the proceeds of any property, rights, or benefits which may be sold or otherwise disposed of, upon such terms as he may prescribe) received, whether before or after the enactment of this Act, by the United States in respect of claims of the United States against Germany on account of the awards of the Mixed Claims Commission.

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