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country now, and I expect my country to help me reclaim that part of my country in which I live.

Let us approach the work in the coming Congress in the spirit of a little resolution I have always kept, which I believe promotes right thoughts. It is this:

If you think you're beaten, you are;

If you think you daren't, you don't;
If you would like to rise, and think you can't;

It's almost a cinch that you won't.
If you think you'll lose, you're lost;

For out of the world we find,
Success begins with a fellow's will,

It's all in the state of his mind.
If you think you're outclassed, you are;

You have got to think high to rise ;
You have got to be sure of yourself

Before you can ever win a prize.
Life's battles do not always go

To the stronger or swifter man,
But sooner or later the man who wins

Is the man who thinks he can.
And that is just what I think. [Applause.]

I have followed Doctor Mead across the continent and in other countries; and it was my pleasure a few moments ago to glance over a report that he is making, with other colleagues, on the reclamation of Palestine; and I could not help but think that the path of progress across the world has been marked by little mounds of blackened soil where yesterday the martyr stood; and of the struggles and the heartaches of those who have made footprints on the sands of time. Therefore, the lesson of life, my friends, in a word, is "service," the noblest word in the English language; breathing the humblest, yet the loftiest sentiment, going into all good works and true living, inspiring the lives of the greatest men, and men of all times. It sweetens the toil of labor and justifies the accumulation of the wealthy. It constitutes the sole foundation to enduring greatness; for greatness implies service, and service implies usefulness.

It is wrong to think that greatness comes from making the world serve us, for greatness is based upon serving the world. This is the essence of the golden rule, and it is the law and the prophets. No doubt the future will correct many false impressions we may have of ourselves. It is our hope that when our children, and their children, in some far distant time, survey our life's work, they shall say of us as they say of Him, " They served mankind."

What is the further pleasure of the conference?

Mr. Fass. I want to put this in the record. At a meeting in Charleston to which we invited Doctor Long, he brought us a message from Doctor Mead stating that there was $5,000 appropriated

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to be matched by any State willing to go into this proposition and assured by the people of the State that they are anxious for reclamation. Immediately Doctor Long made the statement, the South Carolina National Association instructed Doctor Long to wire that the Coastal Association would match the $5,000 and that we were anxious to have them come to South Carolina. As a result he sent us not only Mr. Amory but Mr. Kreutzer, and from that it was developed to the present stage. So, just as South Carolina fired the first gun in the Civil War, it has fired it again.

Mr. SMITH. I want to say just this in conclusion. I have never attended a conference that had for its purpose such magnitude as this, where such unanimity of sentiment has prevailed throughout, where so much real manhood presented itself, as at this, and where the only purpose of service showed up in the meeting itself. There has not been a discordant note in the entire conference and we are of one accord in a great political country, governed by political parties. We stand as men of both parties, with one idea in view, one purpose to attain, the improvement of the standard of humanity in the South, which improves it in the Nation and throughout the Nation, in the world.

My friends, I have come to think on Americanism in a somewhat peculiar way. I don't wish to say that miracles are transpiring at the present time, but when I look over what America has accomplished, I can not help but believe that in some manner God Almighty has created a sixth race and called it America; and in the hands of that race he has placed the leadership of the world, from whose hands it will never fall. That is my thought.

We are now engaged in a great task with a great leader. We can not fail; and I want to say this, that the man who fails to do his duty to the South in this crisis, in this important event, is really not fit to call himself a citizen of the South.

The conference is adjourned. (8.30 p. m.)

As a result of the conference the following bill (H. R. 8221) to carry on the proposed development was introduced on December 21, 1927, by Hon. Charles R. Crisp, Member of Congress from Georgia :

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(H. R. 8221, Seventieth Congress, first session]

A BILL To authorize the creation of organized rural communities to demonstrate

methods of reclamation and benefits of planned rural development

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Interior, hereinafter styled the Secretary, is authorized to create in each of the States of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia one organized rural community in order to demonstrate the methods of reclamation and benefits of planned rural development.

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SECTION 1. That the Secretary, acting through the Bureau of Reclamation, is authorized to acquire through donation, purchase, or by eminent domain an area of swamp, cut-over, neglected, abandoned, or poorly farmed land in each of the above-mentioned States, sufficient to create therefrom at least two hundred farms and farm workers allotments, each of such area as the Secretary may find necessary, and to provide for the reclamation, development, and settlement of such land in accordance with the provisions of this act: Provided, That the purchase price of the land shall not exceed an amount arrived at by a board of three independent appraisers composed of one appointed by the Secretary, one appointed by the Federal Farm Loan Board, and one appointed by the head of the college of agriculture in the State within which the land is located.

SEC. 2. The Secretary, through plans provided by the Bureau of Reclamation, shall carry out all reclamation development and settlement work necessary for profitable cultivation of such farms and farm workers' allotments, and shall subdivide the land and shall cause said farms and farm workers' allotments to be offered for sale and sold to actual settlers and cultivators under regulations approved by him regarding qualifications of settlers and repayment terms and conditions for the purchase of said farm and farm workers' allotments: Provided, That the term for repayment of the purchase price shall not exceed forty years from the date of sale with interest at the rate of 4 per centum per annum, payable annually or semiannually.

SEC. 3. Farms and farm workers' allotments shall be sold at an aggregate price sufficient to repay the cost of surveys, reclamation, development, and administration, and service charges with a sum equal to 10 per centum of all of such cost added to provide for unforseen contingencies. The Secretary is authorized to impose and collect such additional incidental charges as may be required.

Sec. 4. The Secretary is authorized, in his discretion, to advance for perma. nent improvements not exceeding the sum of $3,000 on account of any one farm allotment and not exceeding the sum of $1,000 on account of any one farm worker's allotment. No such advances shall exceed 60 per centum of the value of permanent improvements in connection with which made, nor until the purchaser shall have provided the remaining 40 per centum in cash or shall have theretofore provided its equivalent in value in improvements made at his sole cost. Advances for permanent improvements shall be repaid in fifty-six semiannual installments, each of which shall amount to 3 per centum of the sum advanced; of each such installment, 2 per centum shall apply as interest and 1 per centum as principal. The Secretary shall provide such supervision by the Bureau of Reclamation as, in his opinion, may be necessary to insure the use of all advances for the purpose for which the same are made. Each purchaser shall, if required, insure and keep insured against fire all buildings on his farm or farm workers' allotment, the policies therefor to be made in favor of the Secretary or such other official as he may prescribe. The Bureau of Reclamation, by regulation or otherwise, shall provide that the purchaser shall live on and cultivate the land in a manner to be approved by the head of that bureau, and shall keep in good order and repair all buildings, fences, and other permanent improvements situated on the farm or farm workers' allotment, reasonable wear and tear, and damage by fire excepted.

Sec. 5. In case of failure on the part of the purchaser to comply with any of the terms of his contract, or any regulation promulgated by the Secretary under this act, the Secretary shall have the right, at his discretion, to cancel said contract, and thereupon shall be released from all obligation in law or in

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equity to convey the property, and the purchaser shall forfeit all rights thereto, and all payments theretofore made shall be deemed to be rental paid for occupancy. The Secretary shall thereupon be entitled to the possession of said property. The failure of the Secretary to exercise any option to cancel contract for default shall not be deemed a waiver of the right to exercise the option to cancel said contract for any default thereafter on the purchaser's part. No forfeiture so occasioned by default on the part of the purchaser shall be deemed in any way or to any extent to impair any lien or security on improvements or other property which may be obtained as provided in this act.

SEC. 6. All amounts collected with respect to repayment contracts for purchase of farms or farm workers' allotments, and all amounts collected from repayments for collection of advances, shall be returned to the United States Treasury as a credit to the funds provided for carrying out this act,

SEC. 7. For the purpose of giving effect to this act, there is authorized to be appropriated the sum of $10,000,000 from any funds in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated : Provided, That not to exceed $2,000,000 of such sum shall be expended in any of the States herein mentioned.

SEC. 8. That the Secretary is authorized to perform any and all acts and to make all needful rules and regulations for effectuating the purposes of this act.

A similar bill was introduced in the Senate on January 4, 1928, by Hon. Kenneth McKellar, Senator from Tennessee.

[S. 2015, Seventieth Congress, first session)

A BILL To authorize the creation of organized rural communities to demonstrate

methods of reclamation and benefits of planned rural development

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Secretary of the Interior, hereinafter styled the Secretary, is authorized to create in each of the States of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia one organized rural community in order to demonstrate the methods of reclamation and benefits of planned rural development.

SEC. 1. That the Secretary, acting through the Bureau of Reclamation, is authorized to acquire through donation, purchase, or by eminent domain an area of swamp, cut-over, neglected, abandoned, or poorly-farmed land in each of the above-mentioned States, sufficient to create therefrom at least 200 farms and farm workers' allotments, each of such area as the Secretary may find necessary, and to provide for the reclamation, development, and settlement of such land in accordance with the provisions of this act: Provided, That the purchase price of the land shall not exceed an amount arrived at by a board of three independent appraisers composed of one appointed by the Secretary, one appointed by the Federal Farm Loan Board, and one appointed by the head of the college of Agriculture in the State within which the land is located.

SEC. 2. The Secretary, through plans provided by the Bureau of Reclamation, shall carry out all reclamation development and settlement work necessary for profitable cultivation of such farms and farm workers' allotments, and shall subdivide the lands, and shall cause said farms and farm workers' allotments to be offered for sale, and sold to actual settlers and cultivators under regulations approved by him regarding qualifications of settlers and repayment terms and conditions for the purchase of said farm and farm workers' allotments: Provided, That the term for repayment of the purchase price shall not exceed forty years from the date of sale with

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interest at the rate of 4 per centum per annum payable annually or semiannually.

SEC. 3. Farms and farm workers' allotments shall be sold at an aggregate price sufficient to repay the cost of surveys, reclamation, development, and administration and service charges, with a sum equal to 10 per centum of all of such cost added to provide for unforeseen contingencies. The Secretary is authorized to impose and collect such additional incidental charges as may be required.

SEC. 4. The Secretary is authorized in his discretion to advance for permanent improvements not exceeding the sum of $3,000 on account of any one farm allotment and not exceeding the sum of $1,000 on account of any one farm worker's allotment. No such advances shall exceed 60 per centum of the value of permanent improvements in connection with which made, nor until the purchaser shall have provided the remaining 40 per centum in cash or shall have theretofore provided its equivalent in value in improvements made at his sole cost. Advances for permanent improvements shall be repaid in 56 semiannual installments, each of which shall amount to 3 per centum of the sum advanced; of each such installment 2 per centum shall apply as interest and 1 per centum as principal. The Secretary shall provide such supervision by the Bureau of Reclamation as in his opinion may be necessary to insure the use of all advances for the purpose for which the same are made. Each purchaser shall, if required, insure and keep insured against fire all buildings on his farm or farm worker's allotment, the policies therefor to bemade in favor of the Secretary, or such other official as he may prescribe. The Bureau of Reclamation by regulation or otherwise shall provide that the purchaser shall live on and cultivate the land in a manner to be approved by the head of that bureau, and shall keep in good order and repair all buildings, fences, and other permanent improvements situated on the farm or farm worker's allotment, reasonable wear and tear and damage by fire excepted.

Sec. 5. In case of failure on the part of the purchaser to comply with any of the terms of his contract, or any regulation promulgated by the Secretary under this act, the Secretary shall have the right, at his discretion, to cancel said contract, and thereupon shall be released from all obligation in law or in equity to convey the property, and the purchaser shall forfeit all rights. thereto, and all payments theretofore made shall be deemed to be rental paid for occupancy, The Secretary shall thereupon be entitled to the possession of said property. The failure of the Secretary to exercise any option to cancel contract for default shall not be deemed a waiver of the right to exercise the option to cancel said contract for any default thereafter on the purchaser's part. No forfeiture so occasioned by default on the part of the purchaser shall be deemed in any way or to any extent to impair any lien or security on improvements or other property which may be obtained as provided in this act.

SEC. 6. All amounts collected with respect to repayment contracts for purchase of farms or farm workers' allotments and all amounts collected from repay. ments for collection of advances shall be returned to the United States Treasury as a credit to the funds provided for carrying out this act.

SEC. 7. For the purpose of giving effect to this act there is authorized to be appropriated the sum of $10,000,000 from any funds in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated : Provided, That not to exceed $2,000,000 of such sum shall be expended in any of the States herein mentioned.

SEC. 8. That the Secretary is authorized to perform any and all acts and to make all needful rules and regulations for effectuating the purposes of this act.

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