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tions may be drawn in the new Era upon which our country is just entering.

Perhaps the criticism that in some quarters greeted the earlier volumes may salute this that herein is Mr. Seward proven to be an Agitator. But History vindicates the agitator, from Paul to Luther and from Luther to the century of Romilly, Wilberforce and Jefferson. That Mr. Seward has been an Agitator to no purpose will hardly, now, be contended, if the to-day at Washington be contrasted with the morning when the Atherton resolutions were introduced into the House, or with the hour when Mr. Seward, almost alone, confronted an unbroken column of pro-slavery senators.

Nevertheless, as Mr. Seward himself has said, the verdict is not to be looked for in the passing hour. "There is Yet in that word Hereafter."

Neither, is this the place for vindication or eulogy, if any were needed. The four volumes speak for themselves.

In those before published, appear Mr. Seward's Orations and Discourses; his Occasional Addresses and Speeches; his Notes on New York and Executive Messages; his Forensic Arguments and Political Writings; his Correspondence with the Virginia and Georgia Governors, and his Letters from Europe in 1833; his Speeches in the Senate of New York, and in the Senate of the United States.

The friendly zeal which has prepared these volumes, may have given place or prominence to some sentiments and speeches which a timid policy would have suppressed. In similar collections an Index Expurgatorius, it is charged, has been allowed to swallow up the living issues of the day.

But the Works of William H. Seward could not escape an injunction writ from their primary author, unless the boldness and frankness of his thoughts had faithfully manipulated the types.

Mr. Seward's sentences are all so full of the inspiration of Liberty and Justice, and so like aphorisms, that it is difficult to abbreviate

or to suppress a page without loss to the public or injustice to the author's fame. Therefore, what at first may appear to be an editor's purpose to swell the size of the volume, will, on a closer view, be found a necessity.'

In the State Library at Albany, within the past year, has been erected the marble bust of the Ex-Governor and Senator of New York. It is midway between the alcove of History and Philosophy, and its gaze is directed at that immense compilation of brain laborthe Edinburgh Review. A lady visitor, who was stranger to the place and face, pausing before it said, "Here beams in expression, thought, benevolence, earnestness and devotion to principle.'

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When the partisan rancor and political schisms of to-day shall have subsided, when prejudice shall have given place to candor, the Muse of History, we believe, will say the same of these volumes, and of those which time may add.

March 4, 1861.


Another volume like the present will be required for the speeches yet remaining in the editor's hands, unpublished. Several important speeches intended for this volume, and to which references are made in the Memoir, are unavoidably crowded out. AN APPENDIX to the present volume contains the eloquent speeches made at the Chicago Convention; the Platform; and also the addresses of welcome presented to Mr. Seward on his visit to the Western States.


A Retrospect, 13-The Struggle for Freedom in 1850, 15-Mr. Seward's Course,

16-Death of President Taylor, 19-The Compromisers Triumphant, 20-Nomina.

tions of General Scott and Frank Pierce, 21-Defeat of the Whigs and Supposed

Overthrow of Mr. Seward, 22-Oration at Columbus, and Address before the

American Institute, 23-The Repeal of the Missouri Compromise, 24-Mr. Seward's

Speeches, 27-The New England Clergymen, 29-The Pacific Railroad and the

Homestead Law, 31-The Fugitive Slave Act, 32-Mr. Seward's Reëlection, 33-

The Plymouth Oration, 36-Aggressive Acts of Slavery, 36-Kansas Affairs, 37-

The Assault on Charles Sumner, 40—Organization of the Republican Party, 41—

Presidential Election of 1856, 43-Fulfillment of Mr. Seward's Prophecy, 44-The

Atlantic Telegraph, 45-The Tariff Assailed, 46-The Dred Scott Decision, 47—

Reconstruction of the Supreme Court, 49-Duties on Railroad Iron, 50-The

Lecompton Matter, 50-The English Bill, 53-Oregon and Minnesota, 54-Mormons

and Fillibusters, 55-The Elections of 1858, 56-Mr. Seward's Irrepressible Conflict

Speech, 56-Cuba, Kansas and the Pacific Railroad, 57-The Homestead Bill, 58—

The Indiana Senators, 60-Acquisition of Cuba, 61-Overland Mails, 61-Mr.

Seward Visits Europe and the Holy Land-Departure and Return, 63—Captain

John Brown takes Harper's Ferry, 68-The Elections of 1859, 69-Death of

Broderick, 70-Election of Speaker-The Impending Crisis, 70-Mr. Seward's

Great Speech in the Senate, February 29, 1860, 71-The Spring Elections of 1860,

favorable, 73-Presidental Nominations and Platforms, 74-The Republican Con-

vention at Chicago, 76-The Ballot, 77-Mr. Seward's Cordial Approval of the

Candidates and Platform, 78-His Visit to New England, Reception Speeches, 81-

Enters the Canvass for Mr. Lincoln, 84-Remarkable Tour and Speeches through


CROSSE, 93-St. Paul, 94—DUBUQUE, 96—In Missouri-CHIllicothe, 97-ST.


102 ATCHISON, 103-In Missouri, again-ST. LOUIS, 106-In Illinois-SPRING-

field, Abraham Lincoln, 107-CHICAGO, 108-CLEVELAND, Ohio, 110-BUFFALO,

111-Auburn, 113-End of Campaign, 113-Result, 114-Celebration of Victory,

115—Admission of Kansas-Secretary of State-Speeches on Secession and the

State of the Union, 117.



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