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Continental Railways,
310 Garston on Greece,
206 Marionville,

109 Predisposition to Bleedings, 115
Continental Tour in 1756,
165 Geikie's Etchings,
333 Marriages and Education,

45 Press, Favourite Phrases of the, 237
Cornwall,” Redding's,
127 Geneva,
169 Martineau's Rioters,
405 Progress of Vaccination,

294
Cottage Farms,
87 Genevese Watches,
197 Map of Races,

5 Protection of Land from Storms,
Cotton Folk, Jokes on the, 341 Geology, Agricultural,

162 Masson on Affghanistan,

316 Provision against the Evil Day, 21
Crawford, John, Earl of,
321 Germany, Cheap Justice in, 411 May-Day,

119 Prussian Regularity,

375
Crichton Asylum for Lunatics,

223
104 Germany, First Impressions of, 410 Mechanics' Institution, Liverpool, 396 Puzzled Housewife,

271

410 Medical Profession, the,
Crime, Imitative,
276 Germany, Life in,

Quack, the,

216
179

411 Melbourne,
Cuba,
10 Germany, Public Gardens of,

Queer Case for the Law,

247
Curiosity, American,
413 Germany, Streets of,
411 Memory,
136 Quotations, Familiar,

395
Cycle of the Seasons,
212 | Goldsmith's Hall,

45 Merse, Old House in the,
390 Races, Map of,

5
Daguerreotype,
304 Good Friday,

76 | Mesmeric Sleep, Amputation in the, 415 Railway Directors, a Word to, 300
361
Daguerreotyping, Natural,
Great Britain Steam-Vessel, 342 Mesmerism, Experiments in, 332 Railways and Steam-boats,

287
Daughters of England,
71 Glaciers,

154 Meyringen,
251, 258 | Railways, Continental,

310
Destitution in Glasgow,
92 Glacier of the Rhone,
276 | Mint, the,

167 Recent Experiments in Manchester, 38
Dickens's Notes on America, 348, 356 Glasgow, Destitution in,

92 Missouri, Life in,
95 Recluse in the Country,

335
Dijon,
209 Glasgow Directories, Old,
400 Mock King of Munster,

86 Redding's “ Cornwall,”

127
Directories, Old,
400 Glasgow Water Works,
316 Moffat on South Africa,
270 | Riots of 1780,

158
Director, the,
183 Goldau,

221
Mont Blanc,

301 Ripple-Marks on Rock-Surfaces, 387
Disinterestedness of Opinions, 69 Golden Hair,

162 Mormonism,
330 | Rival, the,

235
Distinctions, Local,
296 Gordon Riots,
158 | Morat,
132 Roman Reckoning,

381
Dog Performances,
173 Gray's Poems,
16 Moravian Establishments, 142 Ronsard,

149
Domestic Evil,
268 Greece,
206 | Mortality in Factories,
244 Round Towers of Ireland,

406
Donegal, Improvements in, 350 Grimsel, Hospice of the,

258 Museum, British,
125 Russia, Captain Jesse on,

78
Drenching System,
368 Grindelwald,
251 Music,

204 Sabretash, Captain Orlando, Jot-
Early Days of Napoleon,
134 Imitative Crime,
276 Musical Education,

36 tings from,

278
Economics of the Manse,
140 Incident at Boulogne,
267 Napoleon, Early Days of,

134 Sanatory Condition of the Labour-
Economy of Families,
258 India, Education in,
368 Napoleon, Story of,

295 ing Population, 257, 266, 285, 293
Editorial Note,

112 India, Overland Routes to, 413 Natural History, Sketches in, 210, 220, Sanatory Reports, Jottings from
Education in India,
368 India, Upper, Vigne on,

234, 275, 338, 378, 394 the,

370
Electrical Progression,
352 Indian Anecdote,
197 Natural History, Year-Book of, 175 Satires of Juvenal,

170
Elizabethan Incident,
103 Indian Chief,
272 | Neapolitan Sketches,

375 School for Reclaiming Boys, 407
Emigrants in England,
379 Infant Schools, Jewish,
343 Neuchatel,
196 Scottish Farmers,

334
Emigration, American Newspapers Inns, English and Foreign,

327 Neuwied

142 Scottish Tutor's First Situation, 237
on,
84 | Insane, Treatment of the,
104 Newfoundland in 1842,
299 Seasons, Cycle of the,

212
Emigration of the Seminoles, 148 Insanity, Dr Combe on,
126 New Year's Eve in a Mad-house, 151 Seminoles, Emigration of,

148
Emigration to Canada,
159 | Insects, Structure of,
210, 220 New Zealand and Australia, 93 Simple Story,

187
England in the Nineteenth Century, 26 Insurrections at Lyons, 317, 322 | New Zealand, Fourth Colony, 303 | Shakers, the,

208
English and Foreign Inns,
327 Interesting Pamphlet,
364 New Zealand in 1841,
359 Shakspeare Hoax, the,

263
English Farmers' Clubs,
269 Interlaken,
85 Nicoli, Life of,
156 Sherwood Forester, Hall, the,

6
English Grammar,
408 Ireland, as a Field of Emigration Nitious Oxide,

106 Ships Lost by Burning,

189
English Surnames,
283 for Scotsmen,

364 Northern Collieries, 194, 202, 222, 250 Should Boys Learn Latin ? 239
Esquire, Use of the Term, 261 Ireland, Poor Law in,

414 Notes of a Half-Pay,
78 Shrove Tuesday,

22
Experiments in Mesmerism, 332 Ireland, Round Towers of, 406 Notes of a Residence in the Bush, 173, Sketches in Natural History, 210, 220,
Eye, Turnbull on the, 207, 372 Ireland, Temperance in,

112
179, 188, 198, 204

234, 275, 338, 378, 394
Fabulous Animals,
226 Irish Pipers,
69 Notice to Emigrants,
23 Sketch of Pekin,

214
Factories, Taylor on the,
26 Irish Servants,
79 Occasional Notes, 5, 36, 69, 84, Slave Hunts in Egypt,

3
Factory Labour,
244 Jameson's New Zealand,

93
108, 189, 205, 212, 260, 276, 364 Small Cottage Farms,

87
Factory Proceedings,
163 | Jewish Generosity,
343 Oceola,
148 Small Country Newspapers,

47
Familiar Quotations,
395 Jewish Infant Schools,
343 Ohio, Fishing in,
294 Soldier, Story of,

347
Farmers' Clubs, Englislı,
269 Johnson's Pursuit of Health,

54 Omnibus Adventure,
331 Sophisms in Logic,

35
Favourite Phrases,
237 Jokes on the Cotton Folk,
341 Operatives, Hints to,
360 Spade Husbandry,

229
Fellenberg, M. de,
118 Jottings from Captain Orlando Opium-smoking,

15 Spa, Leamington,
Ferney,
181 Sabretash,
278 Original of King Lear,

53 Spanish Slaver,

271
Few Trivial Notes,
380 Jungfrau,
154, 251 | Orleans, Maid of,

411 Spenser, T. Hall,

6
Few Weeks on the Continent:-

Jury Room, Tales of,
230 Ornamental Grounds,
231 | Sporting Sketch Book,

62
Baden-Baden to Basle,
13 Justice, Athenian,
403 Osier-Weaving,
135 Stafford House,

20
Basle to Baden-en-Suisse, 30 Juvenal,

170 " Other People,”
261 State of London Streets,

69
Baden-en-Suisse to Zurich, 37 | Juvenile Labour,

175 Overland Routes to India,
413 Statistics of Marriages,

45
Zurich to Lucerne,
52 Knights of Malta,
31 | Painters, Subjects for,
325 Steam-boats and Railways,

287
Lucerne,
65 Kraken, the,
226 Palm Sunday,

62 Steam Navigation of Great Britain, 80
Lucerne to Berne,
85 Labourers in New South Wales, 48 Paper Money,

328 Steam, Wonders of,

368
Berne,
101 | Lake Leman,
169 Pardoe's “ Hungarian Castle,” 218 Strasburg,

13
Hofwyl,
118 Lancashire Wakes,
346 Parisian Incident,

300 Sturge on the United States, 116
Morat-Lausanne,
132 | Latin, Learning of,
239 Past, Voice from the,
389 Subjects for Painters,

325
Vevay--Chillon,
150 Lausanne,

133 Pauper Lunatic Asylum, 151 Subscription for Burns's Sister, 328
Geneva,
169 | Lauterbrunnen,

236
Pedestrian Tour in Switzerland, 221, Sully,

2
Coppet-Ferney-Friburg, 181 Law, Queer Case for the,

247
228, 236, 251, 258, 276, 286, 301 Sunrise amongst the Alps,

221
Neuchatel,
196 Lead, Action of Water on,
40 Pekin, Sketch of,
214 Surnames, English,

283
Enter France-Return Home, 209 Leamington Spa,
93 Pelisse-Maker, the Armenian, 412 Suspension Bridge of Friburg,

183
Findon and its Haddocks,
55 Lear, Original of,
53 Penny Postage, the,
189 Sutherland, Duchess of,

20
Fisheries, British,
279 Leeches, Foreign,
391 Performances of Dogs,
173 Swain's Poems,

8
Fishing in the Ohio,
294 Letter from a Canadian Emigrant, 63 Periodicals, the,

375 Swiss Watchmakers,

256
Floating Island in Derwent Lake, 352 Letters from a Lady in London:- Philosophical Showman,

117 Tales of the Jury Room,

230
Flower Girl of Madrid,
259 Madam Tussaud's Exhibition, 4 Picture Criticism,

292 Teachers, Screwing Down,

108
Forgotten Poet,
293 Stafford House,

20 Pictures and Painters,

336 Temperance Coffee-Houses, 351
France, Literature of,

383
Christ's Hospital,
44 Pirate, the,
96 | Temperance in Ireland,

112
French Custom-house Laws, 209 The Tower,
77 Pleasant Proceedings at a Factory, 163 Thames Tunnel,

256
Freswick Pilot,
159 British Museum,
125 Pleasure Seeker, the,
254 Theories, Antiquarian,

- 185
Friburg,
181 Liebig's Animal Chemistry, 253, 262 | Poets, Self Educated,

195 Thomson on America,

382
Friendship’s Offering for 1843, 379 Liebig on Health and Disease, 306 Poor-Law in Ireland,

414 | Thun,

85
Furry-day,
127 Life and Poetry of Coleridge, 67, 74 Popular English Festivals :-

Thurot,

261
Hair, Golden,
162 Life-Preserving Capes,
109 Candlemas Day,
12 | Time for Paying Wages,

36
Handeck, Cataract of,
258 Life Insurance,
21 Shrove Tuesday,
22 Tourist of the Woods,

28
Harrison and the Perrys,
255 “Life in the West,"

308
St Valentine's Day,

29

Trait of American Character, 51
Haunted Houses,
14 Literary Fund Dinner,

191
Mid-Lent Sunday,
61 | Traits of an Antiquary,

213
Health and Disease, Liebig on, 306 Liverpool Mechanics' Institution, 396

Palm Sunday,
62 | Traits, Strange,

94
Heat and Odour, Influence of Colour Lobster-Pots, the,

166
Good Friday,
76 Travelling Reminiscence,

340
on,
131 Local Distinctions,
296 May-Day,

119 Turnbull on the Eye,
Herrnhut,

207, 372
143 | London Life, Story of,

318
Midsummer-Day,
186 Tussaud, Madam,

4
Highland Chief of the Seventeenth London Streets, State of,

69
Michaelmas-Day,
315 Two Opinions,

47
Century,
373 Loss of Ships by Burning,

189

All-Hallow Even,
Hints for Picture Criticism,

358 | Two Worlds, Review of the, 383
292 Lucky Numbers,

380
Christmas,

398 Typography, Improvements in, 213
Hints to Operatives,
360 | Lucretius, Life of,

306 Popular Information on French Unterseen,
History in Language,

86, 236
381 | Lyceums, Manchester,

381 Literature :
Hofwyl,

Vaccination, Progress of,

294
118 Lyons Courier,
366 Eleventh article,

Valentine's Day,

29
Homely Scottish Pictures,
40 Lyons, Insurrections at,

317, 322
Twelfth Article,

91 | Ventriloquism,
Hood's Comic Annual,

290
24 Macbeth, True Story of,
303 Thirteenth article,

149 Versification,
Horace, Life of,

42
100, 114 | Madden on Slavery in Egypt, 3 Popular Information on Literature :
384 | Madras,

Vevay,
Horses, English and Arabian,

150
60 English versification,
Howitt on Germany,
410 | Madrid. Bull-Fight at,

42 Vigne on Upper India,

284
143 Popular Information on Science :
Howitt's Work from the Swedish, 363 Madrid, Flower-Girl of,

Voice from the Past,

389
259 Waterspouts,

51
Humble Class of Emigrants, 23 Magnetism, Animal, in Manchester, 38

“ Voice of Jacob,”

343

Laughing-Gas,
“Hungarian Castle,"
218 Maid of Orleans,

106 Vulgar Hallucinations,

86, 102
411

Influence of Colour on Heat
Hunt's New Poem,
246 Malta, Knights of,

Wages, Time for Paying,

36
31

and (dour,
Hutton Hall,
390 Manchester Lyceums,

131 Wakes of Lancashire,

346
381 Ripple-Marks and Tracks of
Hydromania,
54 | Manchester,

Watchmakers, Swiss,

256
277
Gaberlunzie's Wallet,
40, 204 | Manse, Economics of the,

Animals on Rock-Surfaces, 387 Water, Action of, on Lead, • 402
140 ) Practical Mathematics,
216 Waterspouts,

51

93

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Water Works, Glasgow,
316 Crime during Fair Week in Glas Horse, How to Fall from,

384

288 Pleasing Improvement,
407
Weavers in America,

Pleader, the,
264 Humble Origin of Eminent Law-

56
gow,

311
408 Criminals in America,
Weeds,

yers,
72 Poor John Fitch,

320
Wengern Alp,
236 Criminals, Exaltation of,
144 Hydrophobia,

24

352 Popular Delusions,
Wheat, History of,
69 Crops, Rotation of,
304 Ignorance and Error,
168 Popularity,

64
Willis, Dr Browne,
213 Cunning of a Lunatic,
248 Immense Concern Mania,
247 | Postage, Quick,

336
Wonders of Steam,
368 | Daguerreotype Portraits,
152 Indian Mode of Training Horses, 200 Potato, Uses of the,

240
134 Dannecker the Sculptor,
Wordsworth's New Poems,

88 | Industry,
96 | Public Health,

247
392 Deacons of the Old School,
Young Hero,

136 Inquiry,
184 | Public Schools,

168
Zoology,
176 Decision of Character,
296 Insanity cured,
120 Pudding, the Captain's,

416
Zug,
53 Dew,
240 Insolvent Negro,
296 Quackery,

112
Zurich,
37, 52 Dog, Sympathy in the,
280 Insolvent's Plea,

136

216 Quadrupeds, Effects of Food on,
Drunkards, Punishment of, 176 Intellectual Companions,

232 Quick Postage!

336
Duelling in Reign of George III., 40 Intemperance in Steamers, 128 Railways in 1841,

48
Dulcimer, the,
176 Irish Labourers in Paris,
224 Railway Accidents,

376
Dull Talkers,
23 “ It is Vulgar,"
376 Railway Traffic,

296
Dupes to Ourselves,
56 Jebb, Sir Richard,
352 Railway Transportation,

248
ANECDOTES AND PARAGRAPHS. Dutch Laundresses,

360 Job for Younger Sons,
224 | Reforming a Wife,

168
Editor, a Backwoods,
184 Jupiter, Taking Care of,
152 | Religion,

96
Absent Musician,
280 | Education in India,
288 King's Cock-Crower, the
416 Rising in the World,

88
Adherence to Old Customs, 120 | Education of Italian Boys,

288 Labour a Blessing,
216 Romance of Emigration,

72
Adventure at Chaud Fontaine, 328 Education, Modern,

160 Ladies, Advice to,
296 Romance of Life,

200
Affectation of Ease,
288 Elegant Young Lady,
120 Lard Oil,
208 Rotation of Crops,

304
Affectation of Suavity,
320 Emigrant Family,

56 Laundresses, Dutch,
360 Royal Etiquette in Spain,

224
American Manners,
144 Enjoyments,
264 Law of Wagers,
360 Royal Prerogative,

168
Ancient World,
311 Enlightened Enterprise,

24 Lawyers,

232 Ruthven's Plan for Propelling
Audubon, John James,
416 | English Abroad, -
304 Lawyers, Origin of,

72 Steam-vessels,

384
Bank Failures in Ireland,
160 English Aristocratic Education, 240 Length of Days,

192 Sailors, English,

264
Banking Genealogy,
152 English Sailors,
264 Literature in France,

96 Samaritans, Present State of the, 280
Barings, the,
280 English Society,
232 Lodging-house Servants,
416 Sauce Piquante,

208
Bee- Tamer, the,
184 English Sport, French Ideas of, 112 Lunatic, Cunning of,

248 Schools in Athens,

216
Beggars, English and Irish, 136 English Street Dialogue,
232 Making a Mystery of Nothing, 136 Scott, Sir Walter,

400
Benevolence,
400 Failure in Life, Cause of,
240 Manchester, Gambling in, 408 Self-Esteem Piqued,

248
Benevolent Saying,
384 Female Beauty,
272 Manners, American,
144 Servants, Lodging-house,

416
Boarding Schools,
264 Female Heroism,
288 | Mansions of Paris,
192 Skin, Cleansing the,

336
Book-Borrowers,
160 Figure Nine, Properties of the, 416 Manufacturing Old Pictures, 64 Slave Ships, New Use for,

391
Branding Deserters,
288 Fir Tops,
272 Manures,
160 Sleep Seekers,

400
Breakwater,
24 Fitch, Poor John,
320 | Maxims,

16 Society, English,

232
Brougham on Good Breeding, 184 Flowers, How to Preserve, 264 Mechanic, Extraordinary, 408 Spirit Drinking,

192
Burning as a Punishment,
48 Forgiveness,
96 Medicines, Patent,
344 Statistical Registers,

132
Burying Alive,
391 Fossil Plants,
192 Memory,

24 | Statistics of Muscular Power, 120
Butter, Improvement in Making, 207 France, Cropping System in, 392 Mistaken Generosity, -

128 Steam as a Blacksmith,

368
Carrier Pigeons,
272 France, Literature in,

96 Moors, the,
288 Steam as a Cow-Milker,

368
Cast-Iron Buildings,
304 Free Press, Benefit of a,

32 Mustard,
152 Steam as a Miner,

368
Castle Building,
384 French Inventions,
344 Napoleon's Compass,
392 Steamers on the Thames,

184
Chance Speculation,
88 French Ideas of English Sport, 112 Navy Captains,

264 Suavity, Affectation of,

320
Change of Times,
176 French Labourers,
392 Noble Bankers,
192 Summers from 1816 to 1841,

24
Chinese Painter,
103 Gas Lighting,
392 Noble Conduct,

320 Superstition in Nineteenth Century, 16
Chinese Tailor,
40 Gassendi,
400 Norway Deal,

360 Superstitious Observances in Russia, 88
Choked Cattle,
176 German Exiles, -
239 Nothing, Making a Mystery of, 136 Tapestry, Manufacture of,

320
Citizens Ennobled,
192 Generosity, Mistaken,
128 Object Worthy of Pursuit, 311 | Taylor's Breakwater,

24
Clay Maps,
240 Gentlemen, English and German, 160 Oil of Cod's Liver,

176 Temperance,

88
Clay's Plantation,
160 Glasgow Fair, Crime during, 264 Old Age, Extreme,

136 Time, Variations of,

416
Cleansing the Skin,
336 Glass Waistcoats,
112 Old Rabbi,
344 | Times, Change of,

176
Clock, Astronomical,
408 Good for Evil,
264 Omnibusses,
400 | Traits of England,

200
Cloth, New Manufacture of, 392 Gothic Patterns,

64 Other Irons in the Fire,
391 Tulipomania,

32
Coca of Bolivia, the,
232 | Grates, Construction of,
399 Over-Educating,

56 Ultimate Success of Good Schemes, 32
Cock-Crower, the King's,
416 Guano Manure,

32 Paper, Bad, Qualities of,

152 Vessels of the United Kingdom, 208
Commercial Struggles,
352 Habit,
232 Paris, Mansions of,
192 Wagers, Law of,

360
Copyright Act,
247 Health, Public,
247 Patent Medicines,

344 War,

32, 216
Conduct before Royalty,
112 Hint to Look Up,
288 Personation, Thorough,
168 Wealth of England,

248
Conduct Worthy of Imitation, 416 Hints for Students,

128 People of Colour at Belize,

16 What is a Gentleman?

136
Contemporaneous Applause, 160 Holkham, Recollections of, 303 Philanthropy of Medical Men, 144 Wildman, the Bee-Tamer,

184
Corn-stalk Molasses,
391 Honesty,
400 Pictures,
232 Wire Rope, Huge,

392
Country Gentlemen, Example to, 296 Horses, Indian Mode of Training, 200 Pleasant Story,

336 / Women of Forty and Fifty, 296

.

CD
DINBURG)

JOURNA

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CIIAMBERS, EDITORS OF “ CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”

" CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,” &c.

NUMBER 521.

SATURDAY, JANUARY 22, 1842.

PRICE 11d.

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COMICALITIES OF NATURE.

expressions, under the instruction of human masters curious, if not ludicrous, resemblances to other objects.

and mistresses. By timing their jokes, they often The natural order Orchidaceæ are remarkable for this THERE are some objects in animated creation which show that they enjoy them. This tribe, as well as property. The flower of the Oncidium papilio preirresistibly provoke a smile. It is different with in the monkeys and mocking-birds, are unquestionably sents an extraordinary resemblance to a tortoise-shell animate nature, which is variously beautiful, sublime, possessed of that same power of imitation which men butterfly, as that of the Phalænopsis amabilis does to tame, desolate, wild, or whatever else, but always re- employ to the excitement of mirth in mimicry and a white one. Peristeria pendula looks like a dove spectable. There is nothing frisky in the characters comic theatricals. The mocking-bird is the very crouching in its nest, and Coryanthes micrantha reof mountains or precipices, plains, lakes, rivers, or Monsieur Alexandre of American ornithology. It sembles a skeleton's head, with the vertebræ of tho seas--unless, indeed, we are to make an exception for can simulate the cry of almost all birds, and the name neck, finished off with a pair of bat’s wings !* The some little burns in our own northern land, which the we give it expresses the purposes for which it employs flower of the bee orchis is like a piece of honeycomb, imagination may very readily suppose to be of a tricksy, the gift. One of its favourite waggeries, as is well and, strange to say, the bees delight in it. Then there gambolsome humour, seeing with what deft antics known, is to gather other birds near it by imitating is the snap-dragon, the corolla of which is cleft and they tumble and trip along their pebbly way, as if to their cries, and then to disperse them, like a set of turned back so as to look like a rabbit's mouth, esamuse the gowans that ogle them as they pass, from schoolboys at the approach of the master, by uttering pecially if pinched on the sides, when the animal the fairy-bеfooted sward. But, upon the whole, inor the cry of the bird of which they stand most in fear. appears as if nibbling. If, in like manner, the two ganic creation is not at all funny. Animated nature, There are many whimsical things in the vegetable petals or nectaries of another well-known plant are on the contrary, presents to us an immense deal that world, though the British Flora is perhaps a more pinched, they peep from under the coloured calyx, we cannot help feeling to be so.

serious goddess than some of her foreign sisters. If like two great eyes looking out under the cowl of a To begin with the next creatures below ourselves we go abroad, we shall find many quaint things in monk-hence its name of monk’s-hood. The flower of there are the monkeys, whose whole appearance and this department of nature. The broussonetia papy, the cock’s-comb and seed-pod of the Mostynia proboscilea movements are grotesque. Who could ever look in rifera of Japan and India, from which the article called bear equally curious resemblances to the objects which the face of one of these animals without that same India paper is made, has leaves all different in form, have suggested their names. Some kinds of Medicago stirring of the risible faculties which we experience in and each of which seems as if it had had a piece rent have also curious seed-pods, some being like bee-hives, perusing a caricature or parody, or witnessing a pan- out of it, and as if it had been afterwards sewed up some like caterpillars, and some like hedgehogs the tomime? The wretch never laughs itself, but its again to repair the damage. Here there is as com- last being itself an essentially ludicrous natural object. every gesture is provocative of mirth in us. See it plete an appearance of a familiar human action being A certain grotesqueness of forın belongs to the whole taking care of one of its young, or allaying some tem- imitated in nature, as there is in the junction of the order of Cactacece. The Cactus senilis would arrest the porary irritability in one of its sides, or inspecting duck's bill to the water-rat’s body in the ornithorhyn- most unobservant eye in an exhibition of plants, by any suspicious-looking morsel which may have been There is exactly that disarrangement of the the ludicrous peculiarity from which it derives its given to it, and the perfect whimsicality of the crea

fibres of the leaf, and that appearance of puckering at name. Being simply a kind of stump, covered with ture must be acknowledged. So thoroughly is this the seam, which would be seen in a piece of checkered long white streaming hair, it exactly resembles the the case, that no one could ever speak of a monkey cloth, worn by a mendicant, which, having had a head of an old man ! In its native country, this cactus gravely : the name is never mentioned without a narrow section taken out of it, had been hastily based puts on considerably different, but not less ludicrous, smile or a laugh. The appearance of the sloth is together without any regard to the joining of the appearances. It there grows to the height of ten or ludicrous, but in a different way. “There,” remarks chequers or to smoothness of surface. The well-twelve, sometimes even to twenty or thirty, feet, and Cuvier, “nature seems to have amused herself with known fly-trap strikes the mind with all the effect of when it approaches a flowering state, a circlet of short producing something imperfect and grotesque.” The a joke. The leaf stands temptingly open ; a poor fly brown fur appears round the summit, which gradually mirth excited by this animal is of the derisive kind. pops in for shelter or food ; no sooner has it set its increases till it takes the very form and appearance of We smile to see a miserable-looking creature crawling foot on the bottom, than some sensitive fibres are a lady's fur muff! Mr Lambert, the President of the so abjectly, unable to use its fore-legs for support, and affected, and the cilia at the top close in upon the Linnæan Society, has preserved in glass-cases, in his only able to move when it can get something to lay | intruder, empounding him as effectually as if a boy drawing-room, two specimens taken from full plants ; hold of, whereby to pull itself along. The sloth may had taken him and closed him up in a box. The and a person who has seen them reports to us, that be, as later naturalists allege, fully accomplished for doings of a human economy are also curiously coin- one in particular, about eighteen inches high, precisely all the ends of its being ; yet it is not less true that, cident with those of the pitcher-plant of the east. looks like an old sable muff. The flowers of the cacconstituted as we are, we cannot help smiling at an To the footstalk of each leaf of this plant, near tus senilis are crimson, and are produced in a ring. object which strikes our minds as so uncouth. the base, is attached a kind of bag, shaped like a The reader may therefore judge what a curious figure

So, also, the peculiar feature of the marsupial tribes pitcher, of the same consistence and colour as the leaf our old gentleman plant cuts in his native woods, with is no doubt appropriate to the circumstances in which in the early state of its growth, but changing with his body all covered with long white hair, surmounted they live. Yet is it in the power of any human being age to a reddish purple. It is girt round with an by a black muff, and above all a wreath of crimson to think of that feature with the same feelings as oblique band or hoop, and covered with a lid neatly flowers. those with which, for instance, he would regard the fitted, and moveable on a kind of hinge or strong Our minds naturally recognise the tall straight stems gracile limb of the antelope, or the shaggy mane of fibre, which, passing over the handle, connects the of the beech and elm as elegant objects. The trunk the lion ? To think of a creature having a pouch in vessel with the leaf. By the shrinking or contracting of of the oak is thick, but it conveys the idea of manly which to carry her young family, and from which this fibre, the lid is drawn open whenever the weather robustness and vigour. Most flowering plants in this they may occasionally be seen peeping like so many is showery, or dews fall, which would appear to be country have elegant stalks, to which the flower parts juvenile bipeds from a huckster's panniers, is surely a just the contrary of what usually happens in nature, are in general neatly and fittingly joined. We never most whimsical idea. Think of what a monstrous though the contraction is probably occasioned by the think of smiling mirthfully at any of these objects, crime pocket-picking must appear to a female kan- hot and dry atmosphere, and the expansion does not but, on the contrary, are disposed to regard them with garoo with a charge of children. Australia presents take place till the moisture has fallen and saturated a musing and serious admiration. How different are another good living joke in her celebrated ornithor- the pitcher. When this is the case, the cover falls these cactuses, with their incomprehensible lumpy anhyncus, where we see a creature like a rat, but a down, and it closes so firmly as to prevent any evapo-gular stems, masses of green vegetable matter, decogood deal larger, furnished with a duck's bill and web- ration taking place. The water having gradually rated quaintly along the edges with prickles, while feetman association exactly of the same character absorbed through the handle in the footstalk of the here and there a flower sticks out, looking as oddly with those which human conceit has occasionally leaf, gives vigour to the leaf itself, and sustenance to placed as would a man's head if it projected from formed for emblematical devices, or in the way of the plant. As soon as the pitchers are exhausted, his side or stuck upon his knee. It is the Cactus buffoonery.

the lids again open, to admit whatever moisture may speciosissimus which is so particularly liable to this Amongst the feathered tribes there are also nume- fall; and when the plant has produced its seed, and description. To the dark crimson flowers which rous traces of comicality. The choler of the turkey- the dry season fairly sets in, it withers with all the ornament its stem, succeeds the fruit, a thing which cock never fails to excite mirth. Domesticated ravens covers of the pitchers standing open.*

one would at first suppose to be an egg, till tasting it come to enter into the humours of the families they There are some plants, the flowers of which bear he would imagine it a gooseberry! In their native live with, and sometimes prove amazingly funny. The whole race of parrots is amusing. Not altogether

* There is a figure of this flower in the Botanical Register, mechanical is that power they have of repeating droll

* This description of the pitcher-plant is from Barrow's Cochin vol. xxii., but it gives no idea of the horrible grotesque of the VOL. XI No I.

living plant.

China.

ELEVENTII ARTICLE. SULLY.

country, they rise thirty or forty feet high, without a whimsical in their forms, since long before there was increased to upwards of three thousand, which obliged single branch or a single leaf, and it is generally upon such a thing as the human mind to regard them either the French to fly for an asylum into the house of the the tops of mountains that they grow. Pæping, a

in one light or another. We see jocularities and ambassador. I at last imagined something extraor

merriments in animals which existed long before man, dinary had happened, and having questioned Terrail German botanical traveller in Brazil, says that, in and to which no moral error can be imputed. Finally, and Gadancourt, they informed me of the particulars. that country, a hill top bristling with the cactus

we see man himself organised so thoroughly for mirth, The honour of my nation, my own in particular, speciosissimus, resembles nothing so much as a hog's that his very health is liable to be improved by it.* and the interest of my negotiation, were the first obback!

Well, indeed, might Grecian imagination include jects that presented themselves to my mind. I was Then we have the creeping cereus (cereus flugellifor- | Thalia amongst the children of Jove.

also most sensibly grieved that my entry into London mis), which looks like a number of cats' tails tied to

should be marked at the beginning by so fatal an acci

dent; and at that moment, I am persuaded, my coungether, and hung over a flower-pot, with a few crimson POPULAR INFORMATION ON FRENCH

tenance plainly expressed the sentiments with which flowers stuck into them irregularly. The spines with

LITERATURE.

I was agitated. Guided by my first impulse, I arose, which these hanging stems are completely covered are

took a flambeau, and ordering all that were in the what give them the cats' tail appearance : they have Having described the early warlike portion of Sully's selves round the walls, hoped by this means to dis

house (amounting to about a hundred) to range themno leaves, but the tails are sometimes forked. The

career, we now take him up as a grave and calculating cover the murderer, which I did without any difficulty leaf cactus (Epiphyllum phyllanthoides) is of totally dif- minister of state. The section of his Memoirs devoted by his agitation and fear. He was for denying it at ferent but equally quaint form, the stems appearing to this part of his history presents a picture of politi- first, but I soon obliged him to confess the truth. He to consist of a series of leaves stuck into each other, cal sagacity remarkable for that age, leaving us scarcely was a young man, and the son of the Sieur de Com, and having notches in the sides from which spring the senior, was often checked, when about to do a foolish room to wonder that his royal master, though his baut, principal examiner in Chancery, very rich, and

a kinsman likewise of Beaumont, who entering at flowers. The porcupine cactus (echinocactus) has a thing, by the consideration, “What will Sully say to that moment, desired me to give young Combaut into round ball-like stem, often with projecting angles like all this?" He commenced his career as a minister in his hands, that he might endeavour to save him. 'I a lady's reticule, covered with hard sharp spines. The 1594, in the capacity of secretary of state. Four years do not wonder,' replied I to Beaumont, with an air of flowers of this genus appear thrown carelessly on the after, he was appointed superintendant of finances, authority and indignation, that the English and you stem, and not to belong to it. We might expatiate having displayed as much ability in that department are at variance, if you are capable of preferring the

as he had previously shown military fire and skill in interest of yourself and your relations to that of the upon the eccentricities of this order of plants for half the time of war. Many important negotiations were king and the public ; but the service of the king my a day, but shall content ourselves with adverting to conducted by him. One is very remarkable, as show- master, and the safety of so many gentlemen of good that crowning conceit manifested by one of the family, ing the liberties which Sully took with the king, and the families, shall not suffer for such an imprudent stripof blowing in the middle of the night-emblem apt state

of feeling existing between the two. The king, ling as this. I told Beaumont, in plain terms, that and true of a certain class of whimsical mortals.

his master, had given a rash and unworthy promise Combaut should be beheaded in a few minutes. How,

of marriage in one of his tits of passion. Sully was sir,' cried Beaumont, 'behead a kinsman of mine, posEvery one has heard of lusus naturce-sports of na

in confidence consulted by Henry. On reading the sessed of two hundred thousand crowns, an only son ! ture-things which she was supposed to produce in document, he slowly and gravely tore it in pieces. -it is but an ill recompense for the trouble he has the way of freak, and as exceptions from her ordinary Are you mad ?" cried the infuriated monarch. given himself, and the expense he has been at to aclaws. Fossil shells, for example, were considered as

“ Yes,” answered Sully, “ I am mad, sire, and I wish company you. I again replied, in as positive a tone, lusus naturæ, no one being able to understand how, if I were the only madman in France !" Sully's firm- I had no occasion for such company; and, to be

ness had the result of making Henry enter into a short, I desired Beaumont to quit my apartment, for they had been originally real shells of marine molluscs, marriage with the person whose alliance in those times I thought it would be improper to have him present they could ever have got into those deep-seated rocks was best suited to the exigencies of the state. As in the council, which I intended to hold immediately, where they were found embedded. It is now believed regards mutual liking and individual feelings, these in order to pronounce sentence of death upon Comthat there are no such things as lusus naturæ, every are seldom held of consequence in such affairs.

baut. one of her organic creations being formed after a dis

The many important negotiations in which Sully In this council I made choice only of the oldest and

was engaged at home, exclusively of mere financial the wisest of my retinue ; and the affair being pretinct type, and designed for a particular purpose in affairs, had reference chiefly to the maintenance of sently determined, I sent Arnaud to inform the mayor creation, just as there is no character used in a printed the Protestant interests, and to the suppression of of London of it, and to desire him to have his officers book but what there is a type for in the compositor's the petty feudal sovereigns yet existing in France, ready the next day, to conduct the culprit to the placo case, and is liable to appear accordingly in other printed and possessing sufficient power to brave and embarrass of execution, and to have the executioner there ready books of the same language. The true sports of na

their liege lord. It was through the able management to receive him.”

of matters in Henry's days, that this anomalous and The mayor, however, to whose justice Sully finally ture are to be seen in the many grotesque forms of perilous state of things was brought to an end, and delivered the culprit, let him escape at the instance of her legitimate and recognised children, animals and the real authority lodged in the hands of a single the relative, and, satisfied with Sully, the people seem plants, and in the whimsical powers and properties monarch. Besides aiding his master powerfully in to have done nothing further in the matter. "Justice, which she has assigned to many of at least the former such domestic concerns, Sully was employed in many it would seem, had not then come to the state in class. With regard to grotesque forms in plants and foreign missions and negotiations. As ambassador which Oliver Cromwell placed it, when Don Pontoanimals, it may be said that these things are perhaps from Henry, he had a confidential interview with leon Sa, the very brother of the Portuguese ambassanot absolutely grotesque, and that it is only in conse

Queen Elizabeth at Dover in 1601; and two years dor, was sent to the scaffold by the stern Protector, quence of some law of our minds that we think them afterwards, he went to London on a mission to her in spite of all entreaties, individual and national? so. This, we conceive, may be the case without in successor, James I. Of the account given of the latter Sully is induced by what passed on this occasion to

visit, we shall present some incidental snatches. give the following picture of our nation-not a very the least detracting from the force of what has been

Sully, whose instructions chiefly related to the con- Hattering one, but tinged to some extent with truth. said ; for how can we judge of any thing but by virtue junction of France and England against the Spanish It is certain that the English hate us, and this of and in accordance with the habits of our minds ? interests, found at Calais the vice-admirals of France, hatred is so general and inveterate, that one would Undoubtedly, if the cheek of the fair young maiden Holland, and England, all of them anxious for the almost be tempted to number it among their natural affects us with the sense of beauty, as truly does the honour of conveying him across the channel. By way dispositions : it is undoubtedly an effect of their arrofigure of the Barbary ape affect us with the sense of of a compliment, he accepted the seemingly courteous gance and pride, for no nation in Europe is more comicality. So, also, of the powers and properties of offer of the English, and his going on board led to re- haughty and insolent, nor more conceited of its supemany animals. The chatter of the parrot, the strut sults which prove that the English sailors of that day rior excellence. Were they to be believed, underand crow of the cock, the wretched bray of the ass, the were just the English sailors of the present. The standing and common sense are to be found only capers of the young goat, and the pranks of the kitten, French admiral, “ De Vic, who only sought an oppor- among them : they are obstinately wedded to all their all affect us with the same risibility as the humour of a tunity of showing the English his resentment of the own opinions, and despise those of every other nation; Mathews or the wit of a Sheridan. To come finally violences committed by their pirates, advancing, bear- and to hear others, or suspect themselves, is what to man, he has been endowed with both the power ing the French flag on his maintop-gallant mast, 1 never enters into their thoughts. Their self-love renof creating mirth and the power of enjoying it. found these complaisant English were enraged at an ders them slaves to all their capricious humours. What He has a faculty of the ludicrous in his mental offence which, according to them, was equally injuri- they at one time believe to have wisely performed, or organisation, and muscles in the face whereby to ex ous to the King of England, and the King of France, firmly resolved, is at another time destroyed without press the sensation in its well-known form of laughter. whom I represented ; and I had reason to think them their knowing, or being able to give a reason : they are Some are born with such a predominance of the still more rude and impolite, when, without deigning accordingly so undetermined in themselves, that freludicrous in their nature, and such wonderful powers to consult mo, fifty shot were immediately fired into quently one would not take them for the same perof awakening risibility in their fellow-creatures, as to De Vic's ship." Sully thought it wise to explain that sons, and from hence they themselves sometimes seem to have been mainly designed, as far as the the flag was raised in honour of Henry's ambassador; appear surprised on perceiving their own continued worldly utility of their existence is concerned, for this and he also deemed it prudent to make a signal for its irresolution. If we examine what are called their purpose. This is a class of men particularly apt at being lowered, which was done just in time, as appears maxims of state, we shall discover in them only the perceiving the comicalities of the lower animal and from another broadside having been prepared by the laws of pride itself, adopted by arrogance or indovegetable worlds. While others see only what is English, which they fired at “ random.” Sully and his lence." Admitting the correctness of the charge of painful and melancholy in the scene around them, extensive suite, notwithstanding this untoward open national vanity, we must observe that Sully's national they are conscious only of what is merry and ridi- ing incident, were received with great honours at prejudice has prevented him from seeing that it is culous, and spend the part of their lives that is devoted Dover, whence they went by land to Gravesend, and, probably in a great measure to this belief in our supeto common sensation in a constant flow of self-gene- entering a rich royal barge, sailed up the Thames. riority that we owe our actual greatness in arms and rated humour.

The Tower gave him a salute of three thousand guns, We would fain, from all that has been said, esta- the finest thing of the kind (he says) that he had ever Sully's account of accidental particulars connected blish the importance of the comical in the mundane heard. He had scarcely reached London, and taken with his embassy, is much more interesting than his economy. It seems to us that it cannot be neces- up a temporary residence in a house there, when an description of his interviews with James I., of whose sarily à reprehensible frivolity-to however absurd other untoward business occurred, of which he gives personal demeanour he says little. Their first meetpurposes it may be occasionally perverted—when we an account.

ing, however, must have been striking. Sully, atsee traces of it springing directly from the common His people went out to houses of entertainment, tended by one hundred and twenty selected gentleOrigin of all things. l'ime and place may be necessary and“ at the same place they met with some English, men of his large suite, and a party of the royal guards, for its proper development amongst assembled human with whom they quarrelled, fought, and one of the went to see the king at Greenwich. “His majesty beings, but this is no more than what may be said of all English was killed. The populace, who were before having sent to desire my appearance in his presence, I things. There is a time to laugh and a time to weep. prejudiced against us, being excited by the family of was above a quarter of an hour before I could get to Man, it is true, in his blind zeal for what his higher the deceased, who was a substantial citizen, assembled, the foot of his throne, occasioned both by the great sentiments dictate, has sometimes acted as if to smile and began loudly to threaten revenge upon all the numbers that were already there, and because I made were a sin. He has, strange to say, thought that an French, even in their lodgings. The affair soon be all my retinue walk before me. The prince no sooner invariable gloom and sadness was the proper habit of gan to appear of great consequence, for the number perceived me than he descended two steps, and would mind in which to live, as being more agreeable to the of people assembled upon the occasion was presently have descended them all, so very desirous he appeared Deity. But when we look into the book of nature,

to receive and embrace me, had not one of his miniswe see these ideas completely contradicted. We there find types of being which must have been grotesque and merriment is good for digestion.

* Dr Hufeland of Berlin has expressed his opinion that light ters, who stood next him, whispered softly in his ear

that he ought to go no farther. If,' said he aloud, 'I

arts,

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