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Price 1d.

was to have taken place, dashed from her the cup of “ Pray do, for I only wish I knew how to do as THE HELPFUL AND HELPLESS.

happiness which had lately seemed so brimming. much good as yourself.” “Ou! if I had but the power—if I were but rich–I Among his papers, however, a will was found, dictated “ Well, then, I must tell you that you were wrong would do so much good, I would be so charitable !” by tenderness and affection, and rendered doubly pru- in surrounding Smith and his family all at once with is a phrase, if not exactly expressed, very often im- dent by the consciousness he felt that his constitution the comforts of which his own faults had deprived plied, in the conversation of well-meaning people ; had suffered from the wear and tear of a hot climate. him. It would have been wiser to have, in the first and undoubtedly wealth is a possession for the use His lately acquired three hundred 2-year thus passed place, ascertained whether he was willing to help himof which we are accountable in exact proportion to to Miss Bromley, and, in the bereavement of a really self properly, if put in the right track ; and at least the extended range of action it affords. Still, few widowed heart, she received an independence not only to have bestowed assistance by degrees, and made individuals are so unhappily placed as not to have as a consoling proof of his love, but, after long years him feel that continued aid depended on his own in some degree the power of benefiting their fellow- of suffering and dependence, as a talent for which she good conduct. Things too easily obtained are little creatures ; and as a long list of insignificant items must henceforth be accountable. She longed for lei- prized; and I think you were wrong in recommendwill make up a large sum, so is it astonishing how sure and retirement, and the opportunity of doing ing him to Wilson, until the certainty of his reformalarge an amount of happiness arises from the small good; and nowhere could she have found them more tion had been tried by exposure to temptation.” charities and trifling kindnesses of life. The sphere pleasantly than in the picturesque neighbourhood of “ That is what pains me. I feel that, in trying to may be limited ; but for those who really take plea- Sinton.

serve Smith, I have injured the honest farmer. And sure in doing “a good turn" to a fellow-creature, Her friend, Mrs Greville, was a widow lady, some yet, Miss Bromley, only last year you saved from the opportunities are innumerable ; and despite the few years her junior, who, reared in the lap of afflu destruction that poor Williams who had actually been dark colours in which some writers love to paint human ence, and surrounded for many years with the bless-confined in the penitentiary for some petty theft.” nature, we believe the proportion who do take such ings that affection scatters, had known no real trouble, “ True ; but though the offence seems greater, and pleasure to be a very large one. “Ah, but there is until deprived, by death, of her husband. She was the consequences were more dangerous, yet, in my so much ingratitude in the world !” exclaims some childless ; and by some of those accidents which often humble opinion, the cases bear no comparison.” reader ; “to be a philanthropist is one of the 'young befall the most estimable, she had, within a few years, “Why not ?” dreams' of early life, which we wake from at the touch gradually become separated from her dearest associates. “ In the first place, I ascertained that, before the of the rough teacher-experience. There is so much Bowed down by an affliction so similar to that of Miss offence for which he was punished, he had borne an ingratitude ; and even if you do not mind this, your Bromley, and choosing Sinton for a residence from mo- excellent character, and that the bread he stole was efforts are often in vain, for you cannot help people tives very like her own, there is little wonder that the literally to save a young wife and her infant from if they will not help themseltes.” Exactly so, and herein two ladies soon became intimate. At the time, how- starvation. It appeared to me precisely the case in lies the pith of our argument. Benevolent persons ever, to which this sketch refers, ten years had poured which a helping hand should be stretched forth to rewho, lacking judgment, indiscriminately bestow their their healing balm upon the two sorrowing hearts ; claim the offender. Yet I acted very cautiously. I money or time—the latter often the more generous and though they were allowed to be equally amiable first found him some trifling employment in the gargift—not only frequently meet with ingratitude, but and benevolent, ten years had presented many oppor- den, paying him but a very trifle for his services; yet find their kindest intentions prove abortive. There tunities of contrasting the schooling of adversity with I remarked that he was early and late at his work, is little wonder that such results sour the temper, and that of prosperity.

assiduous to please, and grateful even for the poor wither up the best feelings of the heart; and it is to “ If I were inclined to be superstitious, my dear earnings, which yet kept actual starvation from his avoid them, as well as to increase the amount of good friend, I should consider you a very lucky person,” door. I next admitted him occasionally into the that would be effected, that, on the one hand, we urge said Mrs Greville, as the two ladies were sauntering house, leaving little articles of plate or of small value, the expediency of helping those who are willing to help down one of the green lanes near Sinton, in the “in- unprotected by lock and key; and when this state of themselves, and, on the other, the desirableness, or rather cense breathing" month of May. “Every one you things had lasted for a few weeks, I chose him to be necessity, of the helpless becoming equally helpful. assist or advise,” she continued, “ seems from that day the bearer of my watch, the spring of which I had

In the little town of Sinton lived two ladies, almost forward to be successful ; while I am constantly dis- broken, to W—, where I had it repaired. I shall equally noted for their charitable and amiable dispo- covering that my humble attempts at assistance pro- never forget the morning I intrusted him with this sitions; and certainly there never beat two warmer duce, after all, no good result. Do counsel me, my commission. While I was giving him the message he hearts, or existed two better-intentioned persons; and dear Miss Bromley, how I had better act with regard was to deliver, the tears sprang to his eyes, though he yet were they in almost every other attribute very to the Smiths. I have promised that they shall not checked rather than made any parade of his emodifferent characters. As the perfect metals come un want; and though I do not wish it talked about, you tion ; and when he wiped them away with his rough defiled from the furnace, so are the nobler characters know, when I took them from the workhouse, I fur sleeve, and murmured in a husky voice, ‘God bless strengthened and purified by the fire of adversity; and nished the cottage for them, clad the mother and chil- you, ma'am,' I felt certain that he was not only thankso had Margaret Bromley been tried, and not found dren from head to foot, and recommended Smith ful for the confidence I placed in him, but that he wanting. To be sure many people would say that a himself to farmer Wilson, and so procured a regular understood the value of it the better from having little old maid who told the year she was born, and so employment for him. When I returned from my won it by degrees ; and that he had recovered in some allowed the inquisitive to calculate that she was far ad- trip to Brighton last month, I suspected, from the degree that proper feeling of self respect, which is no vanced on the shady side of forty—who retained, save appearance of the children, that there was something mean aid in keeping people from crime or error. In in a soft but lustrous eye, no traces of beauty, and yet wrong, but could get no direct answer to my questions; short, before I procured Williams the situation of called in neither rouge nor false hair to her assistance; and only yesterday did I find out that Smith lost his trust he now fills, I assured myself, as far as human and, moreover, had neither high connexions nor a

situation while I was away; and as nobody in the place reason could be assured, that he was worthy of confilarge fortune, must be a very uninteresting person ; would trust them for a loaf of bread, they have been dence, and willing to help himself; and by leading an but we know that there is yet in Sinton many a heart selling the furniture bit by bit, till they are just as honest and industrious life for the future, make the that thrills at the mention of her name, and many an destitute as when I found them in the workhouse." best atonement for the past. But here I am at home; eye that moistens at the recollection of her goodness. “Why did farmer Wilson discharge him ?” asked do walk in, dear Mrs Greville, and see some finery I Miss Bromley's own history may be told in few words. Miss Bromley.

received yesterday from London." She had been left a portionless orphan, or dowered “Why, I am sorry to say, I am almost afraid it was The "finery” consisted in dresses, bonnets, and other only with a good education, and on that was she from because he was found tipsy,” replied Mrs Gre- articles of ladies' attire, which, according to lier request, thrown, when under twenty, for her support ; and the ville, in a hesitating tone, almost as if the kind-hearted a friend of Miss Bromley's had selected for her; and next fifteen years of her life she passed as a governess lady were confessing some offence of her own. with kind thoughtfulness, several paper patterns of in different families. For the last seven years of that “ If I remember rightly,” said Miss Bromley, “it new-fashioned capes, sleeves, &c., which Miss Bromley period, however, she had given her affections to one was drunkenness that brought him to his former des- had not ordered, were packed up also. In a little outwho was in every respect worthy of her, but, unfor- titute condition !"

of-the-way country place, this was quite a valuable actunately, he, too, was poor; and when, after long years “ Yes ; but I really believed he was quite reformed, quisition; and the possessor, with her usual kind conof patience and toil in a foreign land, he came into or, of course, I would not have recommended him to sideration, had bethought her that the new patterns the possession of a few thousand pounds, bequeathed Wilson."

would be of great service to a certain Mary Allan, to him by a cousin, and hastened to England to claim " Dear Mrs Greville, will you let me tell you where who was endeavouring to establish herself, and suphis bride, his death, only one week before the marriage | I think you erred ?"

port her mother, as a humble village dress-maker.


Accordingly she had been sent for, and Mary was simple too; do look how lorely this sleeve is !" and | lazily before it. As Puss seemed to be well taken awaiting Miss Bromley's return home, when the two continuing with all the enthusiasm of a modiste to in care of, it is probable her mistresses were able to take ladies entered the house. Hier pretty face sparkled dulge in strong terms of panegyric, she removed from care of themselves ; in short, that they were prosverwith pleasure and animation as the all-important portant sleeves and capes ma

their imposing situation at the window the all-im ous, as the industrious deserve to be.

up in some cheap The pleasing consequences of well-directed inpapers were unrolled ; but just as, with much dex- inaterial. No wonder Miss Bromley had failed to dustry which bave been exemplified in the preterity, she was on the point of cutting their precise recognise the results of her gift, though these appen- ceding sketch, may be taken to heart by all who shapes, it occurred to Mrs Greville that she should dages, suspended by almost invisible twine within the are seeking the path to competence. It is clear very much like to have them herself, as she had a bright little window, which never before had been that success, though often promoted or retarded by workwoman at home making up some summer dresses, change in the exterior of the cottage which Miss dependent on circumstances under one's own control.

graced by anything but a wbite curtain, produced the adventitious circumstances, is, in the long run, chiefly and she thought she might just as well have them Bromley had noticed, without being able to define in How impossible it is to assist beneficially those who made in the fashion as not. Perhaps Mary Allan, in what it consisted.

take little pains to help themselves, is painfully eviher heart of hearts, was not quite pleased to think " You see, ma'am, the mistake was in thinking this dent to many who almost may be said to spend a that a rival should also have the advantage of the new was the front, though it really looked so in the flat fortune in the exercise of a boundless philanthropy. patterns; but her good sense reminded her that they paper pattern. Seren times did I put it together, The very assistance which we afford is often calcu. were given to herself only by an act of kind conde- making some alteration every time, but always tinding lated to make the helplessness more fixed and inera

something more like a bag than a sleeve, before I dicable. Either incoinpetent or unwilling to think scension, and she cut the paper double without any thought of twisting it round ; but then I had got the and act determinedly for themselves, they fondly visible signs of regret. When this was done, how- top wrong ; however, I persevered, for I was deter- cling to all sorts of aid held out to them, and, if left ever, a difficulty beset her, for two or three of the mined to try erery possible way. I think that it was but for a short period to their own resources, are full patterns were very complicated, and she could not the twelfth or thirteenth time that I made it as you of complaints that friends do so little when they understand how they were to be put together; a cer- see, and I am sure it is right, it is so beautiful. I wish could do so much for them. While, therefore, to tain sleeve, especially, on which was written “ very I could remember whether it was the twelfth or many, all that is done in a spirit of benevolence seems pretty”-as if to make the case more vexatious and thirteenth, for I am sure it was a lucky number.” to be little better than thrown away, the amount of tantalising — bastled her comprehension completely. founded," said the lady, with a smile. Mary blushed a slight but timely aid to those who are eager and

Merited success and luck, Mary, are sometimes con- good is quite incalculable which often results from Still, she was not daunted, but packed up her treasures, at the implied praise, and Miss Bromley continued ready to make stepping-stones of the opportunities with hearty and sincere thanks to Miss Bromley for

“ You must have worked very hard ; when did you which present themselves. These mount to fame, her acceptable gift. find out the right method ?"

honour, fortune, or competence, as the path or their The next day Miss Bromley paid Mrs Greville a “She has scarcely been in bed at all, ma'am,” said own powers may lead; while the former remain visit, and in her turn was shown some recent pur: Mary's mother, who had hitherto remained silent, at or near the starting-place. To the benevolent chases of the latter. "Miss Gibbons, dress-maker," but who had stood listening with a sort of tearful mind, it is the highest pleasure to do good to others; as she styled herself on the brass plate which orna- pleasure ; “it was late last night before she succeeded; but in the one case, the kind and charitable seem to mented her door, "not being,” as she said, “very and notwithstanding my intreaties that she would sink capital—in the other, to make a lucrative investbusy just then,” had condescended to come to Mrs take proper rest, she was up again at four o'clock this ment. We cannot wonder that the wise prefer helpGreville's house to make the dresses, instead of work- morning."

ing those who are willing to help themselves. ing at home. It was quite true that she was “Mother, I was afraid of forgetting,” interrupted busy,” for, somehow or other, she had latterly failed Mary, as if rather ashamed of her own perseverance; in giving her employers perfect satisfaction. It was “besides, I thought it would be a great thing to have

“ RURAL AND DOMESTIC LIFE IN not that they found any great and prominent faults the patterns in the window to-day, because, as Miss

GERMANY."* with her, but the truth was, she was more prone to Gibbons also”— and here the young sempstress | THE indefatigable William Howitt, husband of our be satisfied with, and adhere to her own notions of stopped abruptly, fearful that she had said something amiable and gifted friend Mrs Mary Howitt, has prethings, than follow out the wishes of her patronesses. which might offend. Miss Bromley, however, had too sented to the world a new and goodly specimen of his She referred everything to the “time wlien she was much sense to misconstrue her words, and good na literary industry, in the form of the elegant volume apprenticed,” and instead of cheerfully striving to turedly supplied their meaning, saying, with a smile, whose title heads the present article. Resident for keep up with those changes of fashion which she could “ The truth is, you were afraid Miss Gibbons should

some years at Heidelberg with his family, and occanot, in her humble sphere, control, either from indo-be beforehand with you—was it not so ?".

sionally making excursions into southern and northern lence, or a dogged self-sufficiency, she had fallen sadly “ Yes, Miss Bromley, that is the real truth ; not Germany, Mr Howitt has been afforded ample means behind in the race ; and dress-making is not by any that I wish to injure her, but I have nothing to look for investigating the national manners of the great means the humblest occupation — though, from its to but my own industry, and I must do the best I can

Teutonic family of central Europe, and of picking up peculiar subjection to change, it is well suited for the for myself ; indeed, ma'am, I think you wished to be characteristic sketches of its cities and its scenery. illustration of the fact-in which, in an age essentially of service to me when you sent for me yesterday.”

Germany has been so frequently written about, that progressive, constant watchfulness, and an active “ You are quite riglit, and I must coinmend you for to many the subject may seem hacknied; but innuspirit prepared to advance, are necessary to maintain your exertions. I am afraid, however, you are tempt. merable points of an exceedingly pleasing and ina fortunate position, even if it be once achieved. The ing me to a piece of extravagance, for I really must structive kind, as it is now seen, have remained to be portals to every arena are thronged with eager aspi- have another new dress, if only for the sake of wearing gathered, and we can conscientiously say, that a more rants, ready to rush in and take the place of the fal- your beautiful sleeve. I am going to spend Friday agreeable book of fire-side gossip than that of Mr tering ; and many there are who are made painfully evening with some friends ; if I purchase the material Howitt, has not appeared during the present season. conscious of this truth, althouglı they do not perhaps to-day, can you make me a dress by then ?"

But such books as these effect, beyond their pause to reason on cause and effect.

Of course a grateful promise was given, and the amusing qualities, higher objects. By affording an "After all, I have been obliged to have the old make," kind-hearted lady selected a dress on her road home. intimate insight into the domestic state of foreigners, said Mrs Greville, in a slight tone of regret ; “Miss We are afraid she had reason to plead guilty to the they furnish tests by which to compare our own social Gibbons could not understand the pattern at all.” charge of extravagance, inasmuch as she stood in no

condition. Every-day habit blinds us to the defects, “ But you have been in a sad hurry about it, my need of a new dress; but it occurred to her that she and causes us to undervalue the benefits, of our native friend,"exclaimed Miss Bromley, who saw, at a glance, could not more appropriately assist Mary Allan, and social manners. Such works are as mirrors in which that, from the advanced state in which the new dress reward her perseverance, than by giving her the op

we see our own features reflected by the side of those was, that very little time could have been spent in portunity of displaying her skill. The event proved of another people, with whose help we can perceive, trying to overcome the difficulty: “ perhaps Mary her judgment, and was even more fortunate for Mary by comparison, our own deformities or excellences. Allan could have assisted you, for she is very per- than her patroness could have expected. The com- Nor do books of this kind give—like some of higher severing, and if she should have succeeded in finding pany who composed the tea-party she graced with pretension--distorted views of what they pretend to out what seems such a riddle, I am sure she is good her presence, were quite astonished at the stylish reflect. The man who goes to a country, and places natured enough to tell you ; at least I think,” con- appearance of the usually plainly dressed little old himself for two or three years in continual intercourse tinued Miss Bromley, after a pause, and then broke maid ; for a decidedly new mode in a lady's dress, with its people-who eats, drinks, talks, lodges, baroff abruptly, for she did not feel quite sure that, under particularly if it be graceful and becoming, strikes gains, and enters into amusements with them; and all the circumstances, she had a right to demand, even the eye very forcibly, and often gives an air of then gives a faithful and plain account of what he has if Mary had the power to grant it, such a concession fashion, although the fabric may not be costly. The seen and heard, and will keep his own opinions as to her rival. Miss Gibbons, however, had no idea few strangers who were in the room admired in much as possible in the back-ground—is, of all others, that this could possibly be the case, for she replied in silence, but her intimate acquaintances ventured the person to write a useful and instructive book on a manner that, considering all things, might have openly to express their approbation, and to inquire of foreign countries. The present is essentially a work been a little more respectful. “ It is not very likely, Miss Bromley the name of her dress-maker. Briefly, of this class, and for faithful delineation, may be placed ma’am, that Mary Allan should understand those then, to shorten a long, and perhaps a trifling, story, alongside Lane's “Modern Egyptians,” Davis's “ ChiFrenchified patterns ; for you know she never regu. Mary Allan obtained two fresh enıployers from the nese," and Kohl's “ Russia,” all of which give a clear, larly served 'her time, and the little she has learnt admiration bestowed on Miss Bromley's dress, who, because plain and unsophisticated account, of what she has picked up nobody can tell how.”

on her part, felt quite repaid by such a result, for the authors saw and experienced. This it is which It was precisely because Mary had the habit of having submitted for a whole evening to be “the ob creates the charm of Mr Howitt's sketches of German picking up” information, and making good use of it served of all observers."

life. Upon every page truth is legibly stamped, and, hen acquired, that Miss Bromley had a strong hope A scene which might have been witnessed late in lest the reader or the writer himself may be led away le would overcome the present difficulty; and as, on the autumn of that year, will perhaps afford some clue from it, even unintentionally, the first chapter comor return home, she must pass the door of her pro- to Mary Allan's future fortunes. She and her mother mences with an essay on a principal source of error. gé, she determined to call and inquire. It was not had formerly occupied but two rooms (the cottage This should be perused not only by every writer, but li after she had entered the cottage, that Miss Bromley consisted of four); now, however, the whole was at by every reader of travels. It is entitled, scovered what it was that had made the exterior their disposal. One room was exclusively used as, ear a strange appearance, but she felt there was and called the work-room ; and on the present occa

FIRST IMPRESSIONS. mething to which her eye was unaccustomed. The sion, Mary being extremely busy, Miss Gibbons had

“ It is only in the first moments in which you witantily-furnished room in which the lady found her- been engaged to assist hier. Whatever feeling of ness something which is entirely new to you, that you

If was scrupulously clean, and perfectly neat, save rivalry had once existed, it was now apparently over; feel that novelty in all its vividness, and perceive in that sort of litter which more or less must accom for though it is probable that Miss Gibbons never for really how widely divided is the nature and aspect of pany the handicraft of the sempstress, though Mary got that Mary had once condescended to be her as what you then contemplate from the objects of your seemed recently to have finished some employment, sistant, she now quietly submitted to receive instruc- former knowledge. Every hour that you continue to instead of being at that moment occupied. She tions from her, and execute the work under her regard what strikes you with its newness, carries off looked rather paler than usual ; and her hair, which direction. Certainly she often felt astonished at the that newness, and your impressions fade and bedim commonly fell in two or three curls from under her daring manner in which the inexperienced Mary themselves in proportion. You are soon surprised to neat cap, was braided straight across her forehead ; slashed the rich silks and satins with which she was

find how little there is to surprise you; how familiar nevertheless, her face lighted up when she recognised now not unfrequently intrusted ; nay, she had even

all about you is become, as if you had conversed with Miss Bromley, and it did not seem to have been liad “ a wedding outtit,” a lucky hit, as Miss Gibbons it all your life. This is especially the case in regard either sickness or sorrow which had paled her cheek. remarked, which had never fallen to her own lot. “Oh, ma'am,” exclaimed Mary, “ I was just coming Altogether, the cottage was pervaded by an air of

* Rural and Domestic Life in Germany. By William Hovitt. to your house, to show you the beautiful patterns comfort which is more easily felt than described. The

1 vol. 8vo. Enıbellished with wood engravings. London: Louge they are so beautiful, now they are made up; and 50 tire burnt brightly, and a sleek well-fed cat purred | man and Co. 1842.

to the novel aspect and manners of a foreign country. people all summer flock out, and find refreshments at let's walk down some comfortable alley!" If all It is only by noting down on the spot, and at the cofree-houses, and bands of music, presided over by the classes in this country were to mix as freely as the moment, what strikes you, that you can secure the first masters in Germany. The cities being seldom above passage describes them to do in Germany, the force of these first impressions; and when you after- very large, the people thus enjoy a sort of half city tastes and manners of the lower orders would refine wards refer to these notes, you are often no little as- half rural life, but refined and beautified with social and improve. tonished to find amid what really curious people and and artistical influences, of which ours is too much

In a book of this kind, which touchos upon every things you are existing, and yet how completely all stripped. In England, every man takes care of himn- variety of topic, it is difficult to select passages for the strangeness has vanished from your consciousness.” self, and makes liis own nest snug ; besides lighting extract. We cannot resist, however, amusing our

First impressions will be, of course, most vividly and paving, little seems done for the public in our readers with the following incident which occurs in a made by those objects or manners which differ the towns. Here, on the contrary, the public enjoyment journey made by the author :widest from the national habits or customs of the tra seems to be the favourite and prevailing idea, and you

CHEAP JUSTICE. veller. Mr Howitt, a wanderer from England, where see around you perpetual evidences of its working. the public ways are the best paved and best kept in The people have in the outskirts of their cities their “ We dined at the house of the forstmeister, near the world, is sorely perplexed by the

vineyards, and their summer-houses in them, where which is also an inn, and were waited on by his pretty STREETS OF GERMANY.

they can go with their families and friends. But and merry daughter; and on leaving, experienced a

they have, again, their great public gardens and wood- striking instance of good sense in a village bürger“ As you proceed through the streets, you find lands all round their large towns, to ten or a dozen meister. The man with the vorspan had contrived, around you gabled and picturesque white buildings, miles' distance. They have similar places of more while we were looking at the castle and dining, tó old squares and markets, with avenues of limes, or of rustic resort, often on the most beautiful mountain persuade our kutcher that we had another hill to dwarf acacias ; people, many of them in the garb of heights, and in mountain valleys, to which they pour ascend, and that it would be impossible for him to centuries ago; and dreadful pavements. Coleridge out on Sundays and leisure days, in carriages and by reach the next village without taking him farther.* has celebrated the six-and-thirty stenches of Cologne, railroads, by thousands. Here they have wine, and The forstmeister's daughter said, Nothing of the and the invention of Cologne water to cover them; but curds, and often dinners. Here they even come with kind; it was all descent, and most of it steep. Still a wide acquaintance with German towns leaves me the their families, taking whole troops of children with the kutcher was so much frightened, that he would conviction, that Cologne can boast no morequoer odours them; and there you find them in old orchards, amid not go on without the inan. I therefore told the man than any other of the towns of the nation ; for in most castle ruins, under the trees, and, in short, through all that he might go on at a fixed price, and if there of them, as we shall have to show, every street, almost the surrounding bills and valleys

. They dine in great proved to be up-uill

, I would pay him; if nothing but every house, and every hour, has its own appropriate, family groups, the men sitting often in their shirt down-hill

, I would not. Ile went on, and all was peculiar, and by no means enviable smell. The pave- sleeves ; the children rolling in the grass ; and the rapid down-hill

. When, therefore, he took off his ments

, with a few exceptions, are of the most hobbly and landlords hurrying about, dealing out plates and viands horses at the point where his homeward way diverged, exoruciating

kind. There appears no evidence of any to hungry people, in a broil of what seems hopeless I refused to pay him, and he became very violent and systematic attention to them, or management of them. hurry. They afterwards smoke their pipes, drink their menacing. I told him, that, if he insisted on the payTo pass through a German town or village in a car- coffee, and go home at an early hour as happy as this ment, he must come to the next village to the bürgerriage is one of the most rib-trying events in this life. earth can make them.

meister, and ordered the coachman to drive on. He But to walk through one is not much less hazardous. In every country town and village it is the same. attempted to stop the horses, the coachman appeared Russell, in his day, tells us, that to avoid being run You can go into few or none of the former, where you frightened, and it seemed likely in that wild spot to be over on the pavé by a barrow, you often step into the will not find public walks and gardens ; and will not a troublesome affair. My firmness, however, prevailed; peril of getting your head split with an axe, or your hear of charming places, some four, six, or ten miles' the coachman drove on, and the man followed. At arm torn off by a saw, from the people who are cut: distant, where all the world goes

in the summer, in the village inn I inquired for the bürgermeister, and ting up piles of firewood before the doors. This is parties, to walk about, to drink coffee, to pic-nic in the the wirth cried out to a servant, Hole den

schmied pretty much the case yet. The pavés, where there woods, and so on. There is not a country inn in a -fetch the blacksmith. I replied I did not want the are any, seem appropriated to every purpose but that pleasant place, but it has its orchard and its garden blacksmith, but the bürgermeister. It is the same of walking. There is a bit of pavement here, a bit fitted up with seats and tables for this simple rural man,' said he. Presently appeared the blacksmith in there, or rather not a bit there. It looks as if the festivity. There is not a ruin of a castle, or old his shirt-sleeves, and tolerably smutty, from the forge. causeway was left entirely to the care, or want of care, jäger-house, where you do not find walks and

seats, When he had heard the case, and the man was runof the householders. Here is a bit of good pavement; and every provision for popular enjoyment. Every- ning on very volubly in his Swabian dialect— Stop! in a few yards is a piece of the worst and most uneven

where the Germans have seized on all those picturesque said the worthy welder of iron. “There needs only pitching, evidently done ages ago. Ilere you go up a points and scenes of rural beauty which attord means one word. Did you put your horses before the carstep, and there you go down one. If an Englishman, of carrying out and cultivating this mingled love of riage or behind it?" Before, to be sure,' replied the accustomed to his well-paved and well-regulated towns, nature and of social pleasure. You come upon seats man, very confidently. Then,' answered honest was suddenly set down in a German town at night, in wild spots, where you would otherwise never have Vulcan, you can go about your business. Everybody he would speedily break his neck or his bones, put out dreamed of many besides yourself coming, and there knows that it's all down hill from Lichtenstein an eye, or tear off a cheek. The towns, and that only you are sure to find that before you lies a beautiful hither, and who wants a vorspan to pull lim down on dark and moonless nights, are badly lit by lamps, view.

hill? Had you put your horses behind to drag, I hung, as in France, from a rope across the street. Ilere

All royal gardens, too, are open, and the people would have awarded you your money.? A number of one twinkles, and at a vast and solitary distance; walk in them, and stream round the palaces, passing, people in the inn before which this primitive adminisglimmers another. Even Vienna is lighted up with in many instances, through their very courts and tration of justice took place, and aniongst them some oil; and Dresden, and one or two other towns, are gateways, just as if they were their own. Nay, the genteel-looking travellers, all applauded this judgment. the only ones where we have met with gas. All man- royal and ducal owners walk about amongst the people Not the highest minister of the realm could have given ner of trap-doors, leading down into cellars, are in the with as little ceremony as any of the rest. The em a more prompt and better one, and certainly not a pavés, and none of them very carefully levelled with peror of Austria, or the king of Prussia, does the very cheaper; for the good man refused to receive anything the flagging or pebbles. Their covers often cock up same. You may meet them anywhere ; and little for his trouble, even to partake of a bottle of wine ; their corners, faced with iron in such a way that you more ceremony is used towards them than is used but wiping his mouth on his shiirt-sleeve, drank a strike your toes most cruelly against them. All man- towards any other individual, simply that of lifting glass of beer at his own cost, expressed his satisfaction ner of flights of steps, from shops and houses, are set your hat in passing, which is done to all your acquaint- in being able to prevent imposition on a stranger, and upon the pavement, are pushed out one-third of the ance, and is returned as a mark of ordinary salutation. only begged, that if we saw a countryman of his in width across them, and sometimes wholly across them, You will see princes sitting in public places with their similar need, we would help him if we could.” so that a man, whom daylight and a few trips over friends, with a cup of coffee, as unassumingly and as them had not made aware of them, would blunder little stared at as any respectable citizen. You may headlong. As he fell, a strong iron bar, about a foot sometimes see a grand-duke come into a country inn,

THE MAID OF ORLEANS. long, sticking out of the wall of the house, would pro- call for his glass of ale, drink it, pay for it, and gó JOAN OF Arc, the Maid of Orleans, was a person of bably strike his face, and give him a desperate wound. away as unceremoniously as yourself. T'he consequence so much distinction in her own times, and has been These bars of iron are what the worthy shopkeepers of this easy familiarity is, that princes are everywhere so often named in song and story, that the details of rear their shutters upon in the day-time; and at night, popular, and the daily occurrence of their presence her career must possess interest for the majority of when the shutters are put up, they stand out naked amongst the people prevents that absurd crush and general readers. She was born about 1410 or 1412, from the wall about the height of your face or stare at them which prevails in more luxurious and at Domremy, a village situated in a smiling valley, shoulders, and give you the most horrid shocks as you exclusive countries.”

watered by the Meuse, on the border-lines of Chaminadvertently strike against them. Then, every hun

Though the subject of appropriating open spaces pagne and Lorraine. The father of Joan was a dred yards, you are stopped by a great wood-heap, and for promenades has long occupied public attention in humble peasant, named James d'Arc, and her mother its busy sawers and cleavers, or by a wagon, or a car- this country, yet the plan has not been carried out so was Isabel Romé, which latter designation applied to riage, which is set on the trottoir to be out of the way. successfully or extensively as it might have been. The the daughter in youth, according to the custom of the These nuisances, which would not be tolerated in the causes to which this might be traced present a strong country. The education of Joan corresponded with worst-regulated country towns of England for a single and unfavourable contrast in the English character the scanty resources of her family and the unenlightweek, here remain for ages. The Germans, accus

to that of the German. This arises in a great mea- ened habits of the time. She was taught neither to tomed to them, avoid them as we should avoid walking sure from the horror erinced by the wealthier classes read nor to write. Sewing and knitting, the care of into a fire or a horse-pond ; and when you point them of mixing with the so-called “ vulgar”-an evidence of cattle, and the labours of the field, formed the occuout, are not at all surprised that such things should real vulgarity, which goes by the name of “ exclusive- pations of her youth. She was trained up in virtuous be, but that you should think them anything extra- ness." It is this unworthy selfishness which keeps principles, and showed a marked tendency to devotion ordinary."

out the English commonalty from many places to from her earliest years, shrinking from the sports of Though the Germans might take a lesson from us which they would otherwise be admitted. It is her equals in age, and preferring to spend her hours in the management of their streets, we may derive at the same time to be acknowledged, that when in solitary prayers and meditations. another from them in providing wholesome and neces- parks and suburban plots hare been thrown open, they Such were the habits which nursed in the mind of sary recreation for the people. This they do by were made but little use of. We are all creatures of Joan d'Arc the flame of religious enthusiasm ; and means of

habit, and English artisans are especially so. It is the miserable condition of her native country at the

not till they have become accustomed to a recreation time of her rising into youthful womanhood, was suf“There is one advantage that their towns univer- that they will indulge in it; yet if opportunities were ficient to mingle with it the fire of patriotic zeal, in sally possess over ours; and that is, in the abundance given more generally for healthful exercise, the cus a mind so ardent and susceptible. The English held a of public walks, and public gardens and promenades, tom would gradually increase. Again, a poor person, great part of France, retaining the conquests of their where every citizen can wander, or can sit and rejoice used all his life to the humblest scenes, often feels recently deceased king, Henry V. Charles VII., comwith his family and his friends. All round their towns, bimself uncomfortable and out of place in an elegantly monly called the Dauphin, from being yet uncrowned, in general, you find these ample public walks and pro- laid out park or an aristocratic promenade. So that in vain strove against the English ; he could scarcely menades planted with trees and furnished with seats. the repellant principle which keeps the high from the maintain a footing anywhere with his party; and at The old walls and ramparts, which formerly gave low is not all on one side : it is in many cases mutual. length his main stronghold of Orleans was besieged, security to the inhabitants, are now converted into The masses feel equally uncomfortable in the presence and hard pressed by the Earl of Salisbury. Joan d'Arc sources of their highest pleasures, being thus planted of the higher grades as the latter do in theirs, because was at this period about eighteen years of age. For and seated, and made scenes of the gayest resort, and neither have been accustomed to mix even in public. some time previously, she had been haunted by dreams whence the finest views are obtained over the sur. Hazlitt relates, in one of his essays, having overheard and visions, which in that age it was not unnatural rounding country. The suburbs and neighbourhood a London working-man say to his wife, as they were of all large cities, again, are full of public gardens; walking amidst a host of well-dressed passengers in * It may be necessary to observe, that the lorspan means addi with alleys and extensive woodland walks, where the Regent Street, "Oh, this place is too fine for me; I tional horses attached to a carriage to draw it up steep hills



for herself and others to regard, with perfect sin- at length left them masters of but one tower, that the head of a force, to defend Compiegne against the cerity, as direct revelations from heaven. And here a of the “ Tourelles," the strongest around the place. English and Burgundians. Not contented with throwremark may be made, once for all, on this point, The French captains wished to wait for succours ing herself into the town, the heroine of Domremy “ That Joan believed herself inspired, few will deny; ere they attacked this stronghold, but Joan of Arc attempted, by a sortie, to cut off her adversaries. She that she was inspired, no one will venture to assert.” pressed an immediate assault, and her assurances was intercepted in her return, and fell into the hands Such are the words of Mr Southey, who also points of victory inspired the French soldiery with similar of the English. Before she was made captive, howout the strong improbability that she was, as she has confidence. When the attack of the Tourelles oc ever, though left alone by her party, she performed been called, the tool or puppet of a party.

curred, the English fought with desperation, and prodigies of valour. Clothed in armour, and holdAfter in vain attempting for some time to repress their opponents were again and again repulsed. Joan ing her white standard, she was well-known to the the promptings of her visionary farcy, the friends of seized a ladder, and in person attempted to scale the enemy; but several of those who sought to seize her Joan at length carried her to Baudricourt, governor walls ; but she was struck down, seriously wounded. fell beneath her hand ere she was ultimately made of the neighbouring town of Vaucouleur ; and that A gloom spread over her party, and the leader Dunois, a prisoner. personage, impressed by her manner, consented to send commonly called the Bastard of Orleans, ordered a The unfortunate end of the Maid of Orleans is well her to the dauphin himself, in order that the latter retreat. But when Joan heard of this, she summoned known in history, and the affair reflects no credit on might hear from her own lips the revelation which up her strength, and again mounted her horse. The the English name. The regent, Duke of Bedford, she professed to have to make to him. We may well sight of her, with her standard waving in her hands, brought her to trial, before an ecclesiastical commissuppose that the proffered aid of a poor peasant girl, reassured her friends, and they renewed the siege of sion, for the crimes of sorcery and impiety, and obwithout power, friends, or influence, would seem no the fort with degree of spirit which overwhelmed tained the countenance of the clergy and university of great matter to Charles, apart from that supernatural all resistance. In an hour, Orleans, and all its fortifi- Paris to the prosecution. She was also charged with aid which men would naturally hear of, in the first cations, were in the possession of the French, and the death of Franquet d'Arras, and other secular acts instance, with doubt and discredit. The prince, ac- Joan entered the streets of the city amid the trium- of presumed criminality. For four months, she withcordingly, when he assented to her being brought phant shouts of the inhabitants, having fulfilled her stood all that the malice of her enemies could inflict before him at Chinon, which Joan reached through promise of the morning, that Orleans should, ere night, upon her. But at length human nature gave way the midst of enemies, resolved to test her penetration be free.

under the trial, and, deserted apparently by her friends, by a simple expedient. He put on a comparatively The Maid of Orleans, as she may now be rightly she endeavoured to avert the cruel fate with which humble dress, and made some of his courtiers attire termed, continued her career of victory. She had she was menaced, by confessing her revelations to be themselves in splendid robes. Before the circle thus announced that Charles should be crowned at Rheims ; fanciful. Her sentence was then mitigated to per prepared Joan was led. She wore a warlike mas- but ere that could be done, it was necessary to free petual imprisonment; but this issue of the affair did culine garb, assumed by her for secrecy and security Champagne from the presence of the enemy, the city not satisfy her adversaries. They insidiously placed on her journey. In looks, to use the words of Holin- of Rheims being the capital of that province. Aided in her apartment the suit of masculine armour in shed, “she was counted likesome, and of person strongly by the French generals, Joan accordingly attacked which she had gained so much glory. Tempted by made;" and the glow of excitement and devotional various places of strength, and took all of them in the force of inspiring recollections, Joan put on the fervour gave an additional interest to her appearance. succession, defeating and capturing the renowned suit laid in her way. Her jailors were on the watch. A courtier was indicated to her as Charles, but Joan warrior Talbot, and other distinguished soldiers of They seized her in the attire of manhood, and her disregarded him, and kneeled before the true prince. England. Finally, Charles entered Rheims in triumph, assumption of it was interpreted as a relapse into her “ I am not the king,” said Charles. “Gentle prince,” the English garrison disappearing at his approach; former errors. She was condemned to die ; and in said she, “thou art he, and none other.” She then ad- and he was anointed with the holy oil of Clovis in the June 1431, suffered at the stake in the market-place dressed him in a lofty tone, announcing herself as famous cathedral of Rheims, Joan of Arc standing by of Rouen. All her courage revived in the last hour; divinely commissioned for the relief of France, and his side the while, clothed in complete armour, and and she died with a noble constancy, which drew tears assuring him that he should be crowned and conse- holding aloft ber victorious banner.

from the eyes of her persecutors. crated its independent sovereign in the city of Jean was now rendered famous over all Europe by Joan of Arc has been honoured by statues and Rheims. To test her still further, Charles took her the part which she had thus played in the struggle monuments in her native country; and to this day, apart, and put some questions to her. The result was, between its two most powerful nations. The discom- the people of Orleans hold an annual fête in her rethat he declared her to have communicated things fited English accused her of deri her aid from de membrance. If patriotism be a virtue in man or known but to himself and to heaven.

mons, and ascribed to her all manner of personal vices. woman, the memory of Joan of Arc is not undeservAll this made a deep impression on the adherents Their most impartial historians, though not sanction- ing of such testimonials of respect and admiration. of Charles, and the high tone of Joan's general speech ing, of course, the first charge, have spoken with little and conduct strengthened them in the belief that a respect of the character of the Maid of Orleans; and

THE ARMENIAN PELISSE-MAKER. divine communication had been accorded for the re even Shakspeare, a century and a half later than her lief of the suffering land of France. Yet Charles era, seems to have found it necessary to flatter the predared not to accept her proffered aid without consult- judices of his countrymen by a similar course of dispa- AssurEDLY the Arabian Tales are much nearer to the ing the church, since the idea that Joan was inspired, ragement. In reality, however, Joan of Arc, if we may truth in their details, and their authors have less imanot by good but by evil spirits, might have been spread trust to the best informed annalists, merits a high place ginative merit, than we, in our sober English judgabroad, to the ruin of his general interests. He there among the pure and patriotic heroines of the human ments, have been accustomed to cede to them. Refore caused her to be examined by an ecclesiastical race. Though foremost in the attack, and continuing move the superstitions, the peri, geni, and enchanters conclave, and the issue was, that they pronounced her to take that position in spite of bodily wounds, which of the “ Thousand and one Nights”-and they are mission to be a true and heavenly one. Hler main should have quenched the ardour of any woman of faithful and lively pictures of every-day life among professions were, that if a body of soldiers were put common mould, she ever retired with humility from the orientals. The wonderful mutability of fortune, under her charge, she would relieve the city of Orleans, the public gaze, when the time of service had ended. the precarious tenure of life, the incongruous mingling then reduced to the last extremity, and would accom- Much of her leisure was spent in prayer and other of the mean and the magnificent, all the distinctive plish the coronation of Charles at Rheims, as the full pious exercises ; and she was often observed to rise features which stand out in broad contrast from our and lawful sovereign of France. So, she said, her from her couch by night, and address herself to these own more methodical usages, rather prove the won"voices” or visions had assured her.' The doubters tasks. She sought the company of those of her own derful accuracy of the artist's perception, than the demanded a sign or miracle from Joan ; she told them sex wherever it was procurable, and shared her couch power of his fancy-a fact which substantially inthat the relief of Orleans would be sign and miracle with them. When such companions were not beside creases the value of that most extraordinary prosufficient. However, she did give something which her, she lay down to sleep without undressing. She duction. Nothing, perhaps, can more fully act as a the people believed to be a direct proof of her super- greatly improved the morals and the manners of the demonstration of this assurance on my part, to such natural prompting: A small forco was granted to French army, discouraging all license, and prohibiting as may be inclined to doubt its exactness, than the her, with a white banner, made and consecrated ac- pillage. Of the blood both of friends and foes, she was

narration of an incident which took place during my cording to her own instructions, and she arrayed her to the last degree sparing.

own residence in Constantinople, and which created self in complete armour for the enterprise; but a Joan showed the purity of her motives at the close much mirth among the Franks at the time. sword for her use was still wanting. She desired those of the coronation ceremony of Rheims. She there The pelisse-maker to the palace had completed a

round her to go and bring her the sword which lay fell on her knees before the king, and, with tearful garment for one of the court-buffoons, which he sent Juried behind the altar of the church of St Catherine eyes, begged permission to retire to her humble home

to the individual for whom it was designed by an of Fierbois ; and she described certain marks upon and occupations, since her mission had been accom

Armenian apprentice-a simple-hearted, timid young it, which were found to exist when the sword was plished. ** If it please heaven,” she said, “I would man, of two or three and twenty-to whom the dwellsearched for and discovered.* Armed with this wea now abandon arms, and, returning to my father and ing of the Grand Seignior was an object of trembling pon, she set out for Orleans, and was received with mother, serve them by tending their flocks, as I did admiration, a species of gilded bastile. On his arrival, enthusiasm by the besieged citizens. A proof of the before.” But Charles and his captains had felt the the facetious followers of the eastern emperor proreality of her enthusiasm is found in the fact, that her advantage of her aid too strikingly to assent to this ceeded to exercise their wit upon the unlucky mesfirst step, in accordance (as she said) with the revela- lowly request, and Joan was prevailed upon to con senger ; and oriental wit is about as practical, as tions made to hier, was to summon the Englislı peace- tinue with the army, until the English should be com- uncompromising, and as inconvenient, as anything ably to give up their conquests, and quit the land of pletely expelled from France. At the same time, the intended for pastime can well be. One plucked him France. It may well be supposed that men, triumph- | king granted the only other request made by her. by the hair, another seized him by the throat, a third ant over their adversaries in every quarter, scorned This was, that the villages of Domremy and Greux, lifted him from his feet by a strong grasp of his ample such a summons. But they, and the world at large, her native scenes, should be exempted from taxes in trousers, a fourth thrust his fingers into his ears, and were destined to see how vast an influence imagina- time to come ; and the privilege remained

in force till then wrung them so violently, that they appeared likely tion may exercise over human doings. On the 29th the subversive days of the Revolution. Charles also to remain in his hand as trophies of his prowess ; and, of April, 1429, Joan of Arc, mounted on a white ennobled Joan and her whole family, men and wo in short, their mirth became at length so vehement and horse, armed at all points, and preceded by her snow

so agonising, that the poor fellow threw himself on his white standard, had entered Orleans, and soon after New enterprises were set on foot after the corona knees before his tormentors, and begged them, for the wards she commenced a series of attacks upon the tion at Rheims, and were for the most part eminently love of their prophet, to have mercy upon him ; but enemy. The confidence exhibited on the part of the successful. The towns of Laon, Neufchatel, Soissons, when was mischief ever merciful? His humility and French produced a corresponding depression among Crespi, and others, were wrested from the English, but terror only afforded fresh food for sport ; and in the the English. The superstition of the times came into an attack made on Paris proved fruitless. On this intensity of his suffering, he at last found energy to play; and the spectacle of Joan, mounted on her occasion, the Maid of Orleans would not fly with her declare, that, should he ever have the good fortune to white charger, with her standard in hand, struck her repulsed friends. Wounded severely, she preferred encounter the sultan, either in the streets of the city, foes with mysterious affright. Several direct attempts to lie down and meet her death rather than retreat or in any of the avenues of the palace, he would throw were made to cut off the enthusiast on her first en before the enemy; but the Duke of Alençon persuaded himself at his sublime feet, and ask for justice on his trance into the field, but it was noticed that, with a her to depart from that resolution. Again, however, persecutors. His threat was received with shouts of small battle-axe, she warded off with seeming ease the she in vain sought leave to return to her home. It is laughter ; and the victim only escaped when the imstrokes of her opponents. Though foremost in the remarkable, that after Charles was crowned, she no perial idlers became wearied by their own follies. ranks of her party, she showed also an anxious desire longer made herself responsible, as she had done, for On the entrance of the sultan (Mahmoud)—to whom to save lives and check the effusion of blood. From the events of the war. She showed no diminution of the absurdities of the official buffoons afforded so much the moment of her entrance into Orleans, the English courage, but she conducted herself like a common ad amusement, that he occasionally spent several consebegan to lose ground. They had been in possession herent of the army. After consenting to remain in cutive hours in their company--they detailed to him, of the greater number of the forts and outposts of the the field, she took the town of St Pierre-le-Moutier, with much unction, the diversions of the morning; city; but, one by one, Joan took these from them, and and engaged a noted partisan leader, Franquet d'Arras, enlarging on the terror-stricken agony of the poor

who, being defeated and taken, was executed against tailor, and his pain-wrung threat, with such exquisite * Such is the tale, scarcely credible, told by historians. her most earnest solicitations. Joan was then sent, at humour, that his sublime highness became infatuated



by the narratire, and anxious to share, in his turn, I beg your pardon, but I see a friend below,” and I left necessary to be in Naples by the fifth, fifteenth, or in so delightful a diversion. An excuse was accord him completely bothered.

twenty-fifth of the month, as the steamers continue ingly found to bring the laughter-moving apprentice Forth with a crowd of Americans fell upon the un- their voyage thence on those days. Nor do the charms once more to the palace; the pelisse, of which he happy inquisitor.

of the voyage end here. After passing through the had been the bearer, did not fit, and it was the will “What's the gentleman's name ?"

Strait of Messina, a panoramic view is obtained of the of its wearer that it should be reclaimed by the “Who is he?"

eastern coast of Sicily, including Mount Ætna. The same individual by whom it had been delivered. The « Where is he going ?”

next place of rest is Malta, where the packets remain palace messenger once despatched, the sultan, con “ He wears mustachios. Is he a colonel ?" &c. &c. twenty-four hours. This island, though rendered cealed by the tapestry which veiled the entrance to The American, No. 1, recovering from the astonish- historically celebrated by the frequency with which an inner apartment, was enabled, on the arrival of ment occasioned by my escape, replied, “ I know no- it has changed hands, contains little to interest the the victim, to enjoy at his ease the right regal spec- thing about him, but I soon shall."

stranger, except what he will see passing before tacle that he had been promised ; and long did he Act 11.-I

am seated in the saloon of the cabin, read him in the streets. Situated in the centre of the stand behind the screen, admiring the dexterity of the ing. My American friend, No. 1, descends, escorting a Mediterranean, Malta has either permanent inhabitormentors, and making merry over the groans, and friend. "They place themselves opposite me, and unrol | tants, or occasional visitors from almost every nation expostulations, and terror, of the tormented ; until at on the table a map of Europe. Silence for a quarter of the eastern hemisphere, and a motley assemblage of length the intreaties of the poor youth once more of an hour, during which time they are apparently oc- costumes is to be seen in its public places, unequalled changed, in his despair, as on the former occasion, into cupied in examining the map, but in reality looking at for variety in any other part of the globe. From a threat of appeal to his imperial master. The words me. At length they took courage, and the American, Malta, the traveller is conveyed direct to Alexandria. were no sooner uttered than the sultan emerged from No. 1, exclaimed, “ Shocking state of things in Italy." Should, however, time press, it is possible to go direct his concealment, and presenting himself in all the The friend—“ Yes, shocking indeed.” They both stare from Marseilles to Alexandria by a British steamer, awfulness of frowning majesty, declared his identity at me. I read. They examine the map again. Ameri- which leaves the former port on the fourth of every to the trembling tailor, affected extreme indignation at can, No. 1, breaks silence again—“Queer matters in month. A new line of French packets is also estahis temerity in threatening the officers of his household, Hanover.” The friend—“ Yes, very queer.” Another blished, to perform the same voyage three times during and desired him to proffer his petition upon the spot, scrutinising examination from two pair of eyes. I every month. and without the delay of a moment. The panic-struck turn over a leaf. Five minutes elapse. The Ameri The traveller is now in one of the ancient capiArmenian, to whom the Padishah had ever hitherto can, No. 1, again raises his voice. “Dreadful war in tals of the “Land of Egypt,” and though he have been a fearful idea rather than a palpable reality, in Poland.” “ Yes, dreadful indeed,” replies his echo. but little time to inspect its curiosities, yet some of stantly fell prostrate ; and when his tormentors sought Then, turning to me with dignity—“ Have you been in them will force themselves upon his notice in his pasto raise him from the earth, it was discovered that he this war, sir ?" I raised my head from my book. Their sage from the harbour, where he lands, to the great was senseless. Nothing flatters the great so much as eyes are fixed upon me with ludicrous anxiety. I square. Here" he will have ample opportunity," says an unequivocal demonstration of this description ; and cough. They exchange glances. I open my mouth. Mr Parbury,“ to admire its spacious area, the beauty accordingly the terror of the tailor served him well in Their eyes gleam with pleasure. I answer slowly, in and great size of the buildings in it, and the pictuhis emergency ; every care was taken to restore him a deep base, “ No-o!" I rise-I shut my book. They resqueness of the inhabitants and their costume. It to animation, the sultan himself standing by, in order remained with their mouths half open, lost in amaze is the situation, also, of the residences of the various to mark his emotion on awakening from the faint. ment at the utter discomfiture of all their manœuvres. consuls, many of which have elegant spiral staircases Joyful was the greeting which accompanied his

rising far above the roofs, whence fine views of the convalescence, for it was an assurance from the “ Lord

surrounding country can be obtained, and ressels be of the Three Seas," that his physiognomy pleased him OVERLAND ROUTES TO INDIA.*

descried very far off at sea. By proceeding, also, but (a common expression among the Turks), and that, As the British empire in the east increases in extent, a very short distance from the square, he will find moreover, he was indebted to him for a hearty laugh -always a weighty obligation to an Osmanli-a fact

80 the subject of transit thither increases in import himself amidst the hillocks and ruins of Old Alex

Hence we find that extraordinary efforts have andria, where excavations are constantly going on, which must not pass unrewarded; and thus lie de recently been made to lessen the time and inconve- and fresh discoveries of interesting objects of anticlared him to be from that moment his pelisse-maker- nience of the journey. So well have these efforts quity as frequently being made. A few steps farther in-chief, a post of high honour and infinite profit. lle succeeded, that, instead of a tedious, sometimes dan- onward, and he is at the foot of Cleopatra’s needle was, with all celerity, sent to the bath, invested with gerous voyage of from six to ten months, the English (two granite obelisks, the one standing, the other prosan official costume, and his head covered by a cap traveller may now reach Bombay, the nearest station trate), after inspecting which, he may return to his bearing the insignia of his office, consisting of a needle in India, in from forty to fifty days; seeing in his way hotel with the consciousness that he has seen almost threaded with coloured silk, and a small fur-brush, some of the most interesting objects in the civilised everything of interest that Alexandria can furnish.” neatly wrought on the right side. world.

Pompey's pillar--the pedestal and shaft of which are Only a few days elapsed, ere the fortunate Armenian

Putting the old sea voyage out of the question, there composed of single masses of granite to the height of found himself not merely the possessor of a spacious are several other routes by which British India may 117 feet-may also be viewed, for it is in the outskirts shop filled with merchandise, but also so thoroughly be reached. Of these we purpose, with the help of the of the old town, through which it is necessary to pass the fashion as to be overwhelmed with business, and works now before us, giving some account. The first to get to the canal station, whence the journey is to placed in a position to secure great profit and honour, route takes the traveller through the heart of France, be resumed. Being ouly three miles from Alexandria, and to supply the exigencies of his parents and for he enters that country at Calais or Boulogne, on

this forms a most interesting walk, though, if prebrethren. In another fortnight, he had laid in a handsome stock of pipes for the accommodation of his seilles on the Mediterranean. He is thus afforded an the shores of the British channel, and leaves it at Mar- ferred, carriages are provided. The baggage is con

veyed on the backs of camels. The Alexandria canal customers, and, through the energetic agency of his opportunity of visiting Paris

, which, if he have started affords communication between that city and the mother, provided himself with a wife, young, pretty, from England in good time, he may allow himself Canoptic, or western branch of the Nile. It was oriand obedient ; who, with her two female slaves, com- leisure to explore. He can then travel direct thence ginally dug under Alexander the Great, but was subposed his modest harem. In short, long before we to Marseilles, but as that is by far the most fatiguing sequently closed up. Mehemet Ali

, the present ruler left the city, the cidevant-butt of the imperial buffoons and

least interesting plan, shorter stages are generally of Egypt, determined to re-open it; and, with a despowas a prosperous and busy merchant, to whom many preferred ; and it is better to proceed to Chalons, where tism peculiar to him in carrying on public works, a head was bent as he threaded his way, gravely and he can catch a glimpse of the Alps, although they are

ordered 20,000 men, from all parts of the country, to silently, as became the importance of his calling, one hundred miles distant. He is now on the banks meet at Atfé on the Nile by a particular day. Not through the thoroughfares of Stamboul.

of an important French river, the Soane, and embarks daring to disobey, the multitude assembled, were set

on board a small steam-boat for Lyons, at which to work, and in six weeks this canal, though 48 miles AMERICAN CURIOSITY.

place the Soane flows into the Rhone. The short rest long, was completed. All then returned to their

allowed here (from two in the afternoon till five in homes. The passenger to India derives great benefit [From M. Lowenstern's "Les Etats Unis et Le Ilavane.")

the morning) may be usefully employed in seeing as from this act of tyranny; for he is towed, or tracked When ascending the Delaware in a steam-boat, I had much of this great manufacturing town as possible. by horses in an iron boat, down to the Nile in eiglıt the honour to excite the attention of one of these in. He will be struck with the ancient and gloomy look or ten hours. Here a steamer is boarded, which com. quisitive gentlemen. As soon as he had discovered of the houses, which are in many streets six and pletes the distance (164 miles) to Boulac, the port of that I was a stranger, he began

by standing in front seven storeys high; but the quays enclosing the town Cairo, in about twenty hours. It is, during this voy; of me, and examining me from head to foot. (for they face both rivers) will be seen to present a

age, that the active observer may obtain, by a careful “ A foreigner, no doubt,” he began ; “ but from what fine appearance. Though the cathedral is well worth scrutiny of the canal and river banks, a notion of the country ?”

a visit, the town hall is considered the finest building condition of the Fellah or Egyptian peasant mode of This was the grand question, but I left him to pon- in the place. It is in Lyons that nearly all the silk existence. Miserable huts, and agricultural operations der on it. He continued his survey ; I changed my produced in France is woven. He next embarks on of a most contracted and primitive nature, may be place ; ho followed me; I looked hard at him to ex- the Rhone, whose rapid current takes the steamer to continually observed. He will also perceive at Babnpress my dissatisfaction at his staring. Far from Avignon, à distance of 150 miles, in eleven hours. el-Bakarah the fork or point where the Nile diverges understanding me, he avails himself of this to come This is one of the most ancient and picturesque towns into two great arms by which it is emptied into the up and address me. Putting on as agreeable an ex- in France, and if the traveller be of a poetical tem sea, having flowed from Ilak in Nubia, a distance of pression as his pinched-up features would allow, he perament, he may visit the tomb of Laura de Sade, 1350 miles, in solitary grandeur, unaided by a single abruptly began in a snuffling drawling tone the lady to whom Petrarch addressed his celebrated tributary stream during its course--" an unexampled

“Sir!"—then, after a pause—“Where do you come sonnets'; which will be found in the church of the instance,” exclaims de Humboldt, “in the hydrografrom !"

Cordeliers. Instead of proceeding down the Rhone to phic history of the globe.” He will also have caught I replied, as sternly as possible, "From Europe.” its mouth in the Gulf of Lyons, and so round to Mar- a first glimpse of the mighty pyramids, which, although “ Yes, I know ; but from what part ?"

seilles, the journey is continued to that place from at a great distance, will, from the extreme clearness “ Pray, sir,” said I, in my turn, " where do you come Avignon by coach. It is necessary to be here on the of the air in these latitudes, appear to be within a from ?"

first, eleventh, or twenty-first of the month; for on mile or two of him. "I! oh, I am from Connecticut ; I am an Ameri- those days the French steamers take their departure

Landed at Boulac, and having threaded its busy can." for Alexandria.

wharfs and narrow streets, the stranger proceeds “I have not the least doubt of it."

Should the voyager have time to deviate from his through Fostat, or Old Cairo, to New Cairo, the mo“ Yes, sir; but what country in Europe do you come direct route, he should here make arrangements for dern capital of Egypt, which, by the aid of one of the from !--that is what I wanted to know."

one of the finest tours in the world. These steamers extraordinarily swift donkeys that this country is "Exactly, sir; but allow me to inquire, are you in call in their way at Leghorn and Civita Vecchia, in famed for, may be explored in a short period. The trade ?”

Italy, and by landing at the latter place, the traveller great pyramids of Gizeh are only ten miles south“Yes, sir, I am a merchant; but I was asking” will be within forty-five miles of Rome. Having re west of Cairo, and may also, under ordinary circun

" Ali, you are a merchant; business pretty good in ceived from this visit the greatest gratification it is stances, be easily visited. Connecticut, eh ?"

possible for the lover of antiquity and history to enjoy, The passenger will next have to prepare for his “ Pretty well, sir; but may I ?"

he can return to the coast at Naples, taking in his journey-across the eastern desert of Egypt-to Suez, “ Ilow many miles from here to Philadelphia ?" way Mount Vesuvius, Stromboli, with the half-exca- situated at the northern extremity of the Red Sea.

The American scratched his head vigorously with vated ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum. It will be This, though a tedious and monotonous journey in his right hand, raising the left side of his hat a little.

itself, is, from the associations connected with it, one “ Twelve miles, sir. But, sir, you were forgetting. * 1. Hand-Book for India and Egypt, &o. By George Parbury, of absorbing interest. The road lies, for a considerable I asked you”

Esq., M. R. A.S. Second Edition. London: W. H. Allen and Co., distance, upon the track taken by the Israelites in ", I am delighted to have made your acquaintance, 7. Leadenhall Street,

their flight from Egypt. Birket-el-Hadj (Pilgrim's sir.”

II. Messrs Waghorn and Co.'s Overland Guide to India, by Then politely turning from him, I exclaimed, “I | Street. Four Routes to Egypt. London: J. Madden and Co., Leadenhail Pool), which is passed about twelve miles from Cairo.

is conjectured to be the Succoth of Scripture, where

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