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full-grown servitor; dashing parties were given ; and Herbert, he can be kind, and just, and right-thinking case, and others he locked up in his escritoir. Then even a carriage was kept exclusively for the ladies. too; and on his
consent I rest all my hopes. And Matil
. placing the sovereigns in a canvass bag, and the canvass And all this was to be supported by the junior
part- da, I wish she
would choose one of her lovers. I think bag in his pocket, he took up his hat, stepped softly ner in the house of Altamont, Dobson, Smith, Jones, she would be much happier than she is at present." along the hall (just noticing the dial, which pointed to a and Dawkins, whose share of the profits averaged
“Or rather you wish,” returned Herbert, " that one of few minutes past four), and stealthily opening the street them would choose her.”
door, went out, closing it by means of a latch-key also, something less than five hundred a-year. When his
“ Choose her! why, she says there are three or four without noise. Neither Susan nor any of the servants partners asked questions, they were satisfied by the
had the slightest suspicion of his absence, though, by a rather unsatisfactory answers he gave, implying that anxiously and ardently awaiting her decision.”
“She says—but I fear we must not quite believe her— singular accident, Herbert Forster saw him a second his long head enabled him to make fifty per cent. of thongh I will grant that she is so blinded by vanity that time enter the house to which he had before alluded. his own money.
she is the victim of self-deception, and really does con- The life of Dawkins was a mystery which seemed to Meanwhile, three years had added many graces to sider herself the irresistible being she describes. It is a warp the fate of all about him, and his increasing disSusan, and had certainly not taken from the personal very common delusion, I assure you. Matilda is admired tresses delayed the marriage of the amiable Susan. Six attractions of her sister ; but the mind of each had for her beauty, but I fear little respected."
months after the explanations in the library, Mrs Dav. advanced, and their faint and child-like shades of cha- This was indeed too true. Neither was Matilda nor kins died; and shortly afterwards, a still greater blow racter had assumed a deeper and more decided hue. her mother surrounded by any adventitious circumstance overtook the family, in the elopement of the elegant and They were consequently more different than ever.
or connexion that could lend to either of them a bor-heartless Matilda with a personage, an occasional comAnd Herbert Foster | But he shall speak for rowed lustre. As for Susan Dawkins, she was like a panion of the father ; in short, no less dignified a being himself. sweet violet, not really the less to be prized because rank than the Count de Truccelini.
Alas! for the bereaved father. The wretch who had The scene was no longer the “small parlour,” but weeds, grew around; or like a pure gem, not the less prea handsome drawing-room in G-Street. The The rest of the family were deceived precisely as persons to be a gambler and swindler, besides more than suspect
cious because fate had cast it among a heap of rubbish. called himself the Count de Truccelini Mr Dawkins knew season the latter end of May, when the thermometer of so acting and so circumstanced almost always are. Now, ing him to be already a married man! And this was the London gaiety stands at the highest. The time was
in English society-even in what we may only call the associate to which vice had linked him—the man he had between three and four in the afternoon, the day Sun- upper grade of the middle classes--there are circles suffered to pollute his pure domestic hearth. With a day; Venetian blinds softened the bright sunshine within circles, each progressively more picked or sifted handsome person and specious address, there could be which would otherwise have streamed into the room than its predecessor." Talent with character, or wealth very little wonder at his gaining influence over the weak -a room altogether pervaded by an air of comfort, with character, may pierce to the very centre; and there minds of Matilda and her mother, to whose ears, also, the almost of luxury. Its only tenants were Susan and will be found a sweet and full reward for any exertion empty title he possessed or assumed had a strange fasciHerbert, and both had remained for some minutes the endeavour may have cost-a full and sweet reward nation. Oh! ye ignorant few, whose band, thank heaven, so silent, so motionless, that they looked more like which, once tasted, will always be recognised, though is every day decreasing; ye who dread enlightened minds statues than breathing, feeling, beings. Herbert's face perhaps it is not very easily to be described. Certainly in women, and would keep them in darkness akin to your was buried in his hands, while Susan, who sat at a
the outer circle is a very wide one. It consists of folks own, will ye not understand that the mind requires light ittle distance, gazed at him with an expression of which, taken literally, is an achievement at least as prowho are called “dashing," who accomplish that feat and nourishment, and that if ye will not give it whole
some food, it must grovel in the mire, or seek at best the fixed though tearless agony. At last she rose, and digious as would be the discovery of the philosopher's daunting weeds which have root there! The wretched timidly threw one arm across his shoulder; he drew stone ; namely, they spend twice their income. In this father felt that his child was lost, and yet was he fain to it round his neck, and pressed her yielding form in a circle may be included often people of talent, but with try by any desperate measure to save her. He thought long and passionate embrace.
soiled reputations, and the riff-raff of many grades and he had a faint clue by which to trace the fugitives ; and "Dearest, you are right,” he exclaimed, after a mo- descriptions of people ; and it is remarkable that the waiting only to write three or four letters on business, he ment's pause; “while we are true to one another, we members of this circle seldom or never advance to the started with post horses in pursuit. One of these letters cannot be quite wretched. But then-ay, that is the inner and more select ones, though they occasionally was addressed to Herbert ; but when opened, he found it thing that embarrasses me I am poor !" drop off into the immensity of space beyond. The next
had been misdirected, being evidently intended for some “ Herbert, I do not feel that you are poor. Your circle is less brilliant but more solid, for it is capable one else, though whom he could not make out. At all small but certain income would suffice for more than of being cemented by honesty and friendship; and alto- events, it seemed unimportant, though naturally he was my unambitious wants. Oh! if you knew how sick gether, between the two extremes
, there is about as much much
annoyed at thus missing some instructions on busi
ness matters which must have been intended for him ; at heart I feel of the false and hollow life we lead, soiling
shell. Surely there is no need to hint that the but he felt that the haste and excitement under which you would better understand how I yearn for quiet Dawkins family, neglecting the real respectability and
Mr Dawkins had written, easily accounted for the misand content. But you do know ; you must have seen quiet happiness which might have been within their take. the miseries which this struggling life has engendered ; reach, had stepped, instead, into the dangerous vortex of
It is not worth while to follow Mr Dawkins closely the tempers and caprice with which I have to bear, that meretricious circle to which I have alluded. So on his journey. Enough, that with unwearied steps he and which have shaken my nerves and undermined much for the slippery path of error; for perhaps it was pursued the pair, and it would seem did at last discover my health. And really, dear Herbert, you owe it to not among the least mournful results that * Matilda was
them in an obscure French town. His own movements me now to be my consolation, seeing that it must have but little respected.”
were so rapid and uncertain, that he was unable to rebeen your love and your instructions which have But the half-sweet half-bitter tête-à-tête of the lovers ceive any intelligence from home, and the letters he made me think differently from Matilda, and have was interrupted by the arrival of Mr Dawkins. Not that addressed to poor Susan only served to confirm their
worst fears. But at home, oh ! how serious were the rendered me incapable of loving any one less noble, he entered the drawing-room, but they knew he had less perfect, than yourself.” She tried to be gay,
come home, and that he had ensconced himself in his scenes enacted during the interval of that chase upon though she was earnest; for hers was real woman's
own sanctum, a room called, by courtesy, the library. To the continent.
their anxious hearts the present moment seemed a very It was a sharp frosty moonlight evening at the end of love, which cannot exist, in its depth and purity, with favourable one, the absence of Mrs Dawkins and Matilda December, within a day or so of the close of the year, out a large share of spiritual adoration to its object-being extremely propitious. To seek Mr Dawkins at once, the natural religion of a woman's heart. And per- and to rely on the force of truth and the eloquence of He called
a street coach immediately afterwards, and haps when Herbert answered, “ Foolish girl, you sincerity, was a plan so natural and simple, that they felt ordered the coachman to drive quickly to — street. make me angry,” he did not feel much displeased. it did not deserve to be called a scheme; and strong in | Mr Dawkins, for the traveller was our old acquaintance, “ And yet,” he continued, “what avails it that I de- their own deep feelings, and believing that the realisation soon reached the door of his home.
To his surprise, serve you? (She pressed his hand.) Not, dearest, for of their dreams was at stake, five minutes more found however, he found some difficulty in getting an answer partly leading out of darkness the blossom which natur- them, certainly with changing cheeks and quickened to his repeated summons for admittance. He began to ally struggled into light, but because my heart is so pulse, at the door of “the library.” Susan knocked tremble. Wayworn and depressed in spirits, he had exwholly, so unutterably yours, that it does deserve your lightly, but almost before she could listen to the antici- pected to find the arms of one kind child at least open own, yourself in return. But what avails it if they pated “come in," her hand had turned the lock. For to receive him, and to meet from her with those consowill not give you to me--if they have loftier views for à moment she was startled by the scene which met her lations which the conduct of Matilda had rendered only you? How frequently do I feel that we were all hap- view. A heap of sovereigns, seeming to her an unimagined too necessary. But in place of Susan, an old womanpier when you lived in the old house, and your father was sum of money, was only partially covered by open papers, the sole remnant, seemingly, of his lately well-served only a clerk !"
with which her father appeared in the act of concealing household-appeared at length in answer to her master's “Oh! how much happier! Even his countenance be- it. Writing materials were before him, and something summons. * Where is Susan ?" cried Dawkins, hastily; trays that he is wretched. He looks a dozen years older; like a check-book in his hand, while his countenance was “ where is my daughter?" The faithful old servant and in three years his hair has become perfectly white. so livid, and his eyes so glassy, that Susan involuntarily looked at him with anxiety, almost with fear, in her ayI am sure there is some mystery. Where does the started forward, believing he must be ill. In a few pect. “Oh! sir," said she," have you just newly arrived ? money come from which is spent, though we are so ha- minutes, however, he recovered his composure, and lis--have you heard nothing?”. “ Notliing-not a word,” rassed by debts?"
tened with even more patience and kindness than his answered the alarmed Dawkins ; " since my departure I “By debts?"
daughter had dared to hope for, to the intreaties and have scarcely been an hour in one place, and have, there" oh! yes; and by having everything on long credit arguments of Herbert Forster. Susan had seated herself fore, not heard a syllable from England. No letters we pay most dearly. Think, dear Herbert, of the delight on a low stool beside her father, as if thus placed, her could reach me!”. He had entered the parlour by this of feeling we did not owe a penny; and you know we agitation would be less perceptible ; while with one hand time, and sunk into a chair. Some moments elapsed ere should manage that even on your two hundred a-year.” she grasped that of his, and with the other pressed he could ask the question that most naturally formed
" I hope so, though not, I fear, without some self-sacri- against her brow, she in some measure shaded her face. itself in his mind. " Is Susan ill-dead?" fices from you."
It was Herbert who chiefly spoke, but a pressure of the sir," answered the woman; “ Heaven be praised, she is “None--none-nothing would be too great a sacrifice hand may be very eloquent! That was a strange and well in health; but she has gone for some time to live by which to escape the horror of debt. But where does ever-to-be-remembered interview, during which, in truth, with a friend. She has gone in order to be near the the money come from which, after all, is spent ?" though unprofessedly, the young were monitors of the prison."
“ If I tell you, Susan, what the world says, it is that old; for they talked of principle to him who had been “ The prison !" repeated Dawkins, growing pale as Mr Dawkins is a successful gambler."
found wanting, and of contentment and moderate de- death. “ A gambler! Why now, he seldom touches a card." sires and truth to a parent who for long years had “Yes, sir, continued the old woman. “Oh! Mr * Not at home, perhaps, and this may well be the case. scarcely recognised one of them.
Dawkins, have you not heard of the misfortune of poor If the report be true, it is not surprising that sixpenny That brief half hour was a golden one to Herbert and Mr Forster? He has been accused and found guilty of whist should have lost its interest, or that he refrains Susan, for in it they won a father's consent to their union. | forgery." “ Forgery !" muttered Dawkins faintly, as he from joining a card-table even at your parties."
And when shedding grateful happy tears, she threw lier- started to his feet. "Yes, sir, the firm your partners“Oh! what a dreadful life !-- and what a false and self into his arms, he strained her to his heart, more discovered that they had been defrauded, and they said, wretched family we are! But do you believe it, Her- fondly, more proudly, with more self-satisfaction, than he though he denies everything, that he had done it. But bert?"
had done for years. But he bade them leave him, and my dear young lady will not believe a word against Mr “ I fear I must. It is better, Susan, with your energy be happy, for he had writing to do, letters to transmit, Herbert, and she is always with him when they will and strength of mind, that you know the truth, at least and at six they would meet again at dinner. They left allow her.” as much as I can tell you. This very day, while loitering the room, and 'Herbert quitted the house, for he felt it Dawkins stood for a time as if stupified. Suddenly, till the hour I knew your mother and Matilda would be would be searcely delicate to meet Mrs Dawkins until however, le changed his manner, and, with a hasty hand, out riding, I saw Mr Dawkins enter a well-known gamb- she had been apprised of the hapry determination in his took out and examined some papers from bis bag. ling-house."
favour. For a short interval we must return to the Placing these in his pocket-book, he seized his hat, and, ** What! in the day-time-on a Sunday?"
library. The door was now locked; but no matter without a word to the servant, quitted his now desolate * Even so. And, trust me, I would be the last to tell through what crevice we peep. Again Mr Dawkins was house. When in the street, he again called a coach, and you such things are; for I deeply feel, that to the inno- seated at the table, again was his face livid and his eye ordered the conductor to drive to street, the site of cent and pure vice should still retain the veil with which glassy, though fixed intently on some strips of paper which the city mansion of the head partner of the firm of Altashame has covered it; but there are circumstances to lay before him. He then wrote slowly, with precision, mont, Dobson, Smith, Jones, and Dawkins. which ónice customs must courtesy,' and I think ours are carefully as ever schoolboy penned a copy; but the writ- On that evening, Sir John Altamont was called from of the number."
ing did not please him, for, after a moment's hesitation, it the presence of a party of his friends to witness a scene " It is all true--I feel it is all true,” exclaimed Susan, was torn into innumerable fragments and cast aside. which the dullest brain was not likely to forget during bursting into tears ; " and it accounts for so much misery Again and again the attempt, whatever it might be, was a lifetime. The man who burst in upon him was his -for the care-worn brow and irritable temper- for our made, and at last, we may presume, he was successful, own partner, but so changed, as scarcely to be recognisuncertain means and our wretched existence. And yet, 1 for some scraps of paper he put contentedly into a note-T able.“ “ You have prosecuted Herbert Forster for for
BY MISS PARDOR.
gery," said Dawkins, with agitated abruptness ; " for the object, which it was not his destiny to accomplish! And until that period, had been confined to the Low Countries. love of Heaven fly without delay and liberate him! ! how touching is the sentiment found in one of his jour. To these succeeded, in 1655, a Dutchman named Glucq, am the guilty mun. Here-here are the proofs !" And nals :- The day will come when some more powerful and one Jean Lianson, a workman, and a great proficient he took hurriedly from his pocket a mass of papers which man will get fame and riches from my invention; but in the art. Louis XIV., at the suggestion of his minister, the merchant, startled and confused as he was, soon nobody will believe that poor John Fitch can do anything Colbert, afterwards purchased the buildings and gardens recognised to be connected with the forgeries, and as worthy of attention.' In less than thirty years after his which were still the property of the Gobelin family, and supplying a missing link which had alone thrown doubt death his predictions were verified. He must have died established them as a royal manufactory. In a charter on Forster's criminality. In short, the papers were about the year 1799."
which was drawn up at that time, the building is called convincing. Dawkins, meanwhile, watched the face of
the “ Hôtel des Gobelins," from which circumstance the Altamont with eager anxiety; and when he saw that the
tapestry made there has ever since been known as “Goother seemed to be satisfied, he again cried_< Fly to
GOD IN THE STORM.
belin Tapestry.” Skilful artists, weavers, and dyers, were save him ! I have retained the coach for the purpose.
brought from Flanders, and attached to the establishThere should be no delay in clearing the innocent. The
“ Did you hear the storm last night, my child,
ment; and in 1667, the celebrated painter Le Brun was life of my child-now my only child-hangs on that of
As it burst o'er the midnight sky,
appointed chief director of the Gobelin manufactory, to the guiltless young man!" The alderman, who was
When the thunder rattled loud and wild,
which he communicated that beauty and grandeur his sheriff for the time, and was the very person to be of use
And the lightning flicker'd by ?"
admirable talents were so well calculated to produce.
“I heard no tempest, mother minein such a case, had risen to his feet, and Dawkins ob
Hand-Book of Needlework.
I was buried in slumber sweet ; served a confused glance cast on himself. He understood Dreaming I stood in the soft moonshine,
NOBLE CONDUCT. its meaning. * In the name of our common Father," he
With flowers about my feet." again cried, “ answer me--are you satisfied, from these
“Can it be, my child, that you did not hear
M. Dugar, provost of the merchants in the city of papers, of that guilt which I again solemnly avouch and
The roar of the tempest-breath,
Lyons, was a man remarkable for the strict and impartial admit with my tongue ?” Altamont replied gravely in
As it scatter'd the rent leaves far and near
administration of justice. The bakers flattered themthe afficmative. “ Then I know you to be a just and
In many an eddying wreath ?"
selves that they could prevail upon him to be their a merciful man ; I know that you will do your duty,”
“ No, mother; my happy sleep was full
friend, at the expense of the public. They waited upon said Dawkins. “For me-may God forgive me! Oh,
Of gentle and holy things
him in a body, and begged leave to raise the price of may God forgive me!" With the words, and ere the al
Shapes that were graceful and beautiful,
bread. He told them that he would examine their petiderman could interfere, the unhappy man drew out the
And the music of angels' wings."
tion, and give them an answer very soon : before they hand which he had for some time held in his breast-it
“ Yet the storm was loud, my darling child
left the room, they contrived slily to drop a purse of two grasped a pistol; and, in one instant, he lay dead on the
There was death on the hurrying blast ;
hundred louis d'ors on the table. They soon called upon floor, shot through the heart !
And vapours dark over-head were piled,
the magistrate for an answer, not in the least doubting We need not dwell on the consequences of this event.
As the hoarse wind bellow'd past."
money had effectually pleaded their cause. " GenSir Jolin Altamont-for, as sheriff, he had been knighted
“I thought not of clouds, my mother dear,
tlemen," said M. Dugar, “ I have weighed your reasons
When I rose from my nurse's knee: -drove immediately to the Home-Secretary, whom he You taught me that God is for ever near,
in the balance of justice, and I find them light. I do not made acquainted with the important discovery related.
So what danger could I see ?"
think the people ought to suffer under a pretence of the The ultimate consequence, of course, was the complete
dearness of corn, which I know to be ill-founded. As to
“I taught you well, my sinless one; exculpation and liberation of Herbert. The general pub
Yet my own weak spirit quail'd,
the purse of money which you left with me, I am certain lic rejoiced deeply in the escape of the innocent young
As the midnight blast roll'd madly on,
that I have made such a generous and noble use of it, as man, More deeply did they rejoice when the rumour
And the moon's calm lustre faila."
you yourselves intended; I have distributed it among afterwards went abroad that Herbert Forster had
“ Were you wrong, then, mother, when you said
the poor objects of charity in our hospitals : as you are nourished vague suspicions of the truly guilty party, but
That God's eye turn'd not away,
opulent enough to make such large donations, I cannot that, being uncertain of the truth, he could not and
But in darkness watch'd about my bed
possibly think you can incur any loss in your business, would not step forward to throw a shade on the name
As it did on my path by day?"
and I therefore shall continue the price of bread as it was of the father of her whom he loved.
“I am rebuk'a !" was the meek reply,
before I received your petition."-Flowers of Anecdote. Not long after the events related, Herbert Forster
As the mother bent her knee ; might have been found in the respectable situation of “ On the lip of babes may a lesson lie
AFFECTATION OF SUAVITY.
I have learnt one, child, from thee:
There are some who affect a want of affectation, and him was his wife, Susan Dawkins, or she who had borne
By a guilty conscience vex'd,
flatter themselves that they are above fiattery; they are that name. While Herbert had lain in prison, with a
Does but deepen the sinless infant's sleep,
proud of being thought extremely humble, and would go sudden and shameful death before his eyes, she had been
And rock it to gentler rest.
round the world to punish those who thought them his constant attendant, his sole consolation, and he re
And while thunders hoarsely peal around,
capable of revenge; they are so satisfied of the suarity paid her love by the after devotion of a lifetime. The
Speaking woe to the worldling's ear,
of their own temper that they would quarrel with their pair had the sad consolation of giving a refuge to the de
The Lord in his mercy stills their sound,
dearest benefactor only for doubting it. And yet so very serted Matilda, humbled by suffering into something
When innocence is near:
blind are all their acquaintance to these their numerous better than she had been in her earlier years.
And while his living fire appals
qualifications and merits, that the possessors of them inThe guilty here below,
variably discover, when it is too late, that they have lived The shadow of the Saviour falls On childhood's sleeping brow."
in the world without a single friend, and are about to POOR JOHN FITCH.
leave it without a single mourner.-Lacon. Judge Hall, in his “ Notes on the Western States of America,” thus speaks of this unfortunate projector :
MANUFACTURE OF TAPESTRY.
NEW WORK OF MESSRS CHAMBERS * In 1785, John Fitch, a watchmaker in Philadelphia, The first manufactories for weaving tapestry which conceived the design of propelling a boat by steam. He acquired reputation in Europe were those of Flanders, The "INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE," which was to consist was both poor and illiterate, and many difficulties oc and they appear to have been long established in that of 100 nunibers, being now on the eve of completion, Messrs curred to frustrate every attempt which he made to try country, principally at Arras, before they were introduced CHAMBERS respectfully announce that they design commencing the practicability of his invention. He applied to Con- either into England or France: the precise period when the publication of a new work on Saturday the 3d of December, gress for assistance, but was refused ; and then offered they were first manufactured by the Flemings is uncer- being the week following that in which the “* INFORMATION FOR his invention to the Spanish government, to be used in tain. Guicciardini, in his “ History of the Netherlands,"
The PEOPLE" terminates. The title of this new work will be the navigation of the Mississippi, but without any better published at Antwerp in 1582, ascribes to them the insuccess. At length, a company was formed, and funds vention of tapestries, but withont mentioning any parti
CHAMBERS'S subscribed, for the building of a steam-boat; and in the cular date. Whether the Flemings did or did not derive year 1788, his vessel was launched on the Delaware. their knowledge from the east, to them is certainly due CYCLOPÆDIA OF ENGLISH LITERATURE, Many crowded to see and ridicule the novel, and, as they the honour of having restored this curious art, which gives conSISTING OF A SERIES OF SPECIMENS OP BritiSH WRITERS, supposed, the chimerical experiment. a life to wools and silks, scarcely, if at all, inferior to the
IN PROSE AND VERSE, CONNECTED BY A HISTORICAL It seemed that the idea of wheels had not occurred to paintings of the best masters. The weaving of tapestry Mr Fitch; but instead of them, oars were used, which was first introduced into England in the time of Henry worked in frames. He was confident of success; and VIII. by William Sheldon ; but it was not until the reign In the “ INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE," the Editors aimed when the boat was ready for the trial, she started off in of James I. that it acquired any particular reputation. at presenting a body of scientific and general knowledge suitable good style for Burlington. Those who had sneered began This monarch greatly patronised the art, and gave the
to the wants of the middle and labouring classes. While that to stare, and they who had smiled in derision looked sum of L.2000 towards the advancement of a manufactory, work may serve to instruct, there is need for another which may grave Away went the boat, and the happy inventor which was established by Sir Francis Crane, at Mortlake, tend to refine. In the Literature addressed at the present time triumphed over the scepticism of an unbelieving public. in Surrey. The patterns first used for making these
to the People, there appears, generally, a lack of something to The boat performed her trip to Burlington, a distance of fabrics in England were obtained from pieces which had twenty miles, but unfortunately burst her boiler in already been worked by foreign artists ; but as the tapes- awaken the higher powers of thought—reflection, imagination, rounding to the wharf at that place, and the next tide tries produced in this country acquired greater celebrity and taste and to nourish at the same time the finer of the moral floated her back to the city. Fiteh persevered, and with and perfection, the designs were furnished by Francis feelings. These objects Messrs CHAMBERS believe will be in great difficulty procured another boiler. After some time, Cleyn, who was retained for that purpose. There is ex some measure accomplished by the work now announced; in the boat performed another trip to Burlington and Tren- tant in “ Rymer's Fædera," an acknowledgment from which will be concentrated the most exquisite productions of ton, and returned in the same day. She is said to have Charles I., that he owed Sir Francis Crane the sum of English intellect, from Anglo-Saxon to the present times, in the moved at the rate of eight miles an hour ; but something 1.6000 for tapestries, and that he grants him the annual various departments headed by Chaucer, Shakspeare, Miltonwas continually
breaking, and the unhappy projector only sum of L.2000 for ten years, to enable him to support his by More, Bacon, Locke— by Hooker, Taylor, Barrow-by Addiconquered one difficulty to encounter another. Perhaps establishment. To France, however, we are indebted for
son, Johnson, Goldsmith-by Hume, Robertson, Gibbon-set in this was not owing to any defect in luis plans, but to the the great perfection to which this curious and costly art low state of the arts at that time, and the difficulty of has been brought. Henri Quatre first established a
a biographical and critical history of the Literature itself. For getting such complex machinery made with proper exact-tapestry manufactory at Paris about the year 1606, which the self-educating everywhere, such a work will be as a whole ness. Fitch became embarrassed with debt, and was was conducted by several clever artists whom he had English Library fused down into one cheap book. For the more obliged to abandon the invention, after having satisfied invited from Flanders; but this, like many similar insti- fortunate youth who are undergoing a regular education, it will himself of its practicability.
tutions founded by that monarch, was greatly neglected be that and something besides-an Introduction to the Pantheon This ingenious man, who was probably the first in- at his death, and would probably have been entirely so, of English Writers, serving, but in a more systematic way and ventor of the steam-boat, wrote three volumes, which he had not Colbert, the minister of Louis XIV., with a view
less exclusive taste, the purpose so long served by Dr Knox's deposited in manuscript, sealed up, in the Philadelphia of providing the costly and magnificent furniture for Ver
“ Elegant Extracts.” library, to be opened thirty years after his death. When sailles and the Tuilleries, again remodelled it upon a more or why he came to the west we have not learned, but secure foundation, and from that period the royal manu
The “CYCLOPÆDIA OF ENGLISH LITERATURE" is under the it is recorded of him that he died and was buried near factory of the “ Hôtel des Gobelins” dates its origin. The care of Mr Robert Chambers, assisted by several gentlemen of the Ohio. His three volumes were opened about five working of tapestry, although a species of weaving, is suitable qualifications, amongat whom may be mentioned Mr years ago, and were found to contain his speculations on nevertheless so closely allied to the achievements of the ROBERT CARRUTHERS of Inverness. It will be embellished with mechanics. He details his embarrassments and disap- needle, that a brief description of the “ Manufacture Wood Engravings of the heads of the principal authors, and pointments with a feeling which shows how ardently he Royale des Gobelins" may not be considered uninterest objects connected with their history. desired success, and which wins for him the sympatliy of ing or out of place in a treatise on the art of needlework.
The work will appear in weekly numbers, consisting of a single those who have heart enough to mourn over the blighted | As early as the fourteenth century, dyers of wool were prospects of genius. He confidently predicts the future settled in the Faubourg St Marcel, at Paris, on the banks sheet in royal 8vo., double columns, uniform with the “ INFOBsuccess of the plan, which, in his hands, failed only for of the Bièvre, the waters of which stream were considered MATION FOR THE PEOPLE," and costing three halfpence; and in the want of pecuniary means. He prophesies that in less as favourable to the process of dyeing. One of these, monthly parts at sevenpence. It will consist of not more than 100 than a century we shall see our western rivers swarming named Jean Gobelin, who lived in 1450, amassed con numbers, forming two massive and handsome volumes with steam-boats, and expresses a wish to be buried on siderable wealth, which his descendants increased, and EDINBURGH, September 20, 1842. the shores of the Ohio, where the song of the boatmen at length, renouncing the business of dyers, filled various inay enliven the stillness of his resting-place, and the offices in the state. The Gobelin family were succeeded music of the steam-engine soothe his spirit. What an by Messrs Canaye, who, however, did not confine their
LONDON: Published, with permission of the properietors, by idea! Yet how natural to the mind of an ardent pro- attention to the dyeing of wool; but under the patronage W. S. Orr, Paternoster Row. jector, whose whole life had been devoted to one darling of Henry IV. commenced the working of tapestry, wlich, Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars.
AND CRITICAL NARRATIVE.
CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF “ CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”
“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE," &c.
SATURDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1842.
A DAY IN THE EAST OF FIFE.
down to Dettingen and Fontenoy. We entered this fifth Lord Lindsay of the Byres, who commanded the
poor earth-floored shed-for it was nothing better- Scottish army at the battle of Ancrum Moor, and was IN one of the fine mornings of the by-past month, I and there found a few objects which I shall describe the father of that fierce reforming lord whom Scott left St Andrews on an excursion, which I designed in order. Beside the wall, on the left, lay a full-sized | describes in such lively terms in “the Abbot,” as forcing should comprehend three or four places with which stone figure of a gentleman in armour, supposed to be Queen Mary at Loch Leven to resign her kingdom by sundry historical and poetical associations were con- a distinguished member of the family who lived in sternly griping her arm. On the only other stone nected. The sun towered brightly above the German the fourteenth century. Excepting in being broken containing anything intelligible, I read the words Ocean as our little party drove out of the long and through at the waist, it was in good condition, and a
EUPHAM DUGLIS. It was the monument of the silent, but not unimposing street of the ancient city, faithful memorial, no doubt, of the accoutrements of wife of that savage lord, a daughter of the knight of and took their way along the open country to the a warrior of that period. It formerly lay in the church, Loch Leven, Queen Mary's jailor, and sister of the west, where stacked fields proclaimed the triumph of from which it was removed hither nearly forty years Regent Moray. Probably the other stone, as they a summer which has left even the querulous farmer ago. The only other objects of a conspicuous nature were all of a size and similar in style, was the monunot one word to say in its disparagement. As we went were two frames or cases raised above the ground on ment of Lord Patrick himself. These monumental along, our hearts “rejoiced in nature's joy;" but it skids, and which contained the remains of John Earl slabs had once formed part of the floor of the church, was not to indulge in fond musings over fine natural of Crawford, the famous general of George II., and his but had been removed when that edifice was renewed scenes that I, at least, had undertaken the excursion. wife. The lid of the larger case being raised, disclosed in 1806 ; to such contingencies are the memorials of My thoughts were with the days of other years, the the top of a coffin covered with crimson velvet, and greatness exposed when a few ages have passed away, desolate halls and mouldering sepulchres of men of presenting a brass plate with the following inscrip- The line of these Lords Lindsay terminated in the name, and places upon which the deeds of a former tion :-“ John Earl of Crawford, born 4th October great general above mentioned, who was fourth Earl age, whether good or bad, have stamped an imperish- | 1702, died 25th December 1749, in the 48th year of of Lindsay, and eighteenth Earl of Crawford. Now able interest. The first few miles of our drive pre- his age.” The lid of the coffin itself being raised, that great family has no acknowledged male represented us one of these places, which, however, we did we saw a close coffin of lead, in which it is believed sentatives, their lands are in the possession of others, not on this occasion stop to survey, namely, the scene the embalmed body remains entire. It was with feel and of their house of the Struthers, near Ceres, where of the assassination of Archbishop Sharpe. How ings which I should vainly attempt to describe that I they once lived in splendour, only a gable wall or two strange it now seems, twenty minutes after leaving a felt myself in the bodily presence of the gallant and remains. populous town, to pass a place where one of the first accomplished soldier, whose history I had so often
Having seen all which was to be seen at Ceres, we dignitaries of the country was mercilessly butchered read—who, in the service of Russia, astonished even
remounted our drosky, and proceeded in a westerly in open day! Magus Moor, famed as the scene of this the Cossacks by his horsemanship-who, command direction, for the purpose of visiting the old tower of deed, is now a mixture of corn-fields and thriving ing the life-guards at Dettingen, cried out, “My
Scotstarvet. Passing the modern house of Wemyss plantations; and almost the only feature of the loca- dear lads, trust to your swords, and never mind Hall, delightfully situated at the bottom of a southlity which existed at the time, and still survives, is a your pistols,” and charged to the time of Britons, sloping hill, forming a beautiful pleasure-ground, we solitary ash-tree beside the farm-house of Magus, the strike home—who kept the passes into the Lowlands quickly approached the ancient seat which we were same which figures in a sculptured representation of while poor Charles was staking all his hopes at Cullo- anxious to examine. Scotstarvet is a tall narrow the murder upon the archbishop's monument in the den; and on many other occasions acted a conspicuous tower, occupying the highest ground in an opening of church of St Andrews. Another memorial of the deed part in an age of which hardly any living specimen
the hills, through which we obtain a peep of the fine is a small upright slab, erected, by Presbyterian hands, can now exist. And his countess, the elegant Lady
rale of the Eden. It is evident that the situation has in honour of a Covenanter who, with five others, was Jean Murray, who left him after orly six months occasioned the name, for tarbet, or tarvet, is a Gaelic executed at this place as an offering to the manes of of wedded happiness, before she had completed her word for an isthmus, or passage between hills. The the slaughtered prelate. This is now surrounded by a twentieth year, and whom his affection caused to be tower is conspicuous from a great distance, relieved plantation, and is not easily reached. It is exactly one embalmed, and sent from Aix-la-Chapelle, where she
against the sky as it is approached, and its appearance of those tablets of the wilderness which persecuted died, to this place—what of her? A dusky, battered, is the more striking by reason of an ash-tree which Presbyterianism has made so numerous throughout metal cover, bearing the letters L. J. M., with a coro- springs out of the battlements, like a feather in a Scotland, and which, with all their heterography and net, being lifted up from the case beside his lordship’s soldier's cap. We found the tower, on a near view, to doggrel, tell so strikingly, by their pure earnestness, on coffin, we beheld beneath a quantity of mere rubbish, be one of those wonders, a building of the middle ages, every pilgrim beholder. The murder of Sharpe was a mixture of decayed wood and bones, constituting all
as straight, compact, and sharp, as the day it was perpetrated by nine persons, some of whom were of the that now remains of “ what once had beauty, honours, finished. It is merely a tower of three vaulted storeys, rank of gentlemen, between twelve and one o'clock, wealth, and fame," and was, besides, an object of the
the two upper of which have been inhabited by human on Saturday the 3d of May, 1679. Though they re- fondest solicitude to the best and bravest of men.
beings, while the lowest has been a kitchen. A winding mained to wreak their vengeful feelings on his body,
“How loved, how honour'd once, avails thee not,
stair, contained in a square projection at one of the and to rifle his papers, they all escaped unnoticed,
To whom related, or by whom begot ;
angles, gives access to the various rooms, and to the nor were any of them ever discovered or brought to
A heap of dust alone remains of thee
battlements, above and within which rises an additional justice ; but the deed was bitterly enough expiated
'Tis all thou art, and all the proud shall be."
room, in the form of a small slope-roofed house. Large otherwise, as such blunders generally are.
A singular looking object attracting our attention modern additions to the tower existed till about fifty A few miles brought us to the rural village of Ceres, amidst this wreck of humanity, the grave-digger took years since, but have since then been entirely removed. a pleasantly situated place, with a neatly-kept rivulet- it up, and showed us more nearly what proved to be I visited Scotstarvet as classic ground, though probably bordered green, such as every village ought to have, a portion of the skull, containing a piece of sponge few who now live have the faintest notion of the conthough in our northern land this is the good fortune which had been substituted for the brain by the em- nexion of the place with anything superior to the comof very few. I had often heard of the burial vault of balmer. Think of the head of this young, beautiful, monplace affairs of mortals. The owner of this house the noble family of Crawford Lindsay, as being a sight and many-titled lady, that head for which affection two hundred years ago was Sir John Scott, director worth seeing at this village, and to this object we lost could once scarcely get a smooth enough pillow, novo of the chancery, and a judge of the Court of Session, a no time in directing our steps. Close beside a large lifted and handled by the coarse hands of an unthink- man of remarkable talents and learning, and an emimodern church of homely appearance, situated on the ing rustic! The vault, so called by courtesy, pre- nent patron of literature, when most of his countrymen top of a high bank, is a small tile-covered building, sented no other objects but a small square case con- were absorbed in barbarous controversies. To his which the grave-digger tells you is the tomb of the taining the intestines of the earl, and a few fragments munificence we owe the publication of an elegant colLindsays ! It was once a wing of the church, with a of old tomb-stones, which had been taken from amidst lection of the Latin poetry produced in that age by gallery for the use of the living family above, but is the rubbish of the former church. Of all the other Scottish authors,* as well as the production of an now disjoined ; and it is accordingly to something like members of this ancient family buried here, no me- atlas of Scotland,+ which he himself helped to prepare a potato-house that the pilgrim is directed as the last morial remains, excepting three slab tomb-stones and to illustrate by historical matter. A man like home of a family of twenty descents, two earldoms, placed at the end of the vault on the outside, and this is as a light to a traveller in a dark night, or a and a viscountoy-a family which has filled Scottish which we found deeply covered with rubbish. Having history with its greatness and its deeds, from the time got them cleared, I easily read upon one,
« HIC JACET
* Entitled Delicia Poetarum Scotorum, published at Amster
dam, in two volumes, in 1637. when the “ Lindsays light and gay” fought at Otter- JOANNES LINDSAY DOMINUS DE Byres,” with the date
+ Theatrum Scotiæ, in 46 maps, published by Bleau of Amster. bourne, and two centuries before that time to boot, 1 of bis death, 1562. The person referred to was John, I dam, in 1654.
refreshing spring in the midst of a parched land. He Neberna should come out and challenge them for state that, where the baronial mansion of Sir David flourished in public life in Scotland, from a period not what they did, she would warrant and defend them. once stood, there now only exists a farm-house, having long after the accession of James VI. to the English Nic aderant Geordy Aikenhedius et little Johnus,
two sculptured stones of the old house built into it, throne, down to the reign of Charles II., steering his Here came Geordy Aikenhead and little John,
one of them presenting the initials of Sir David and way prudently through all the troubles of his time, Et Jamy Richæus, et stout Michael Hendersonus,
those of his wife, in this form and never wanting in the means to gratify his refined
And Jamy Ritchie, and stout Michael Henderson, tastes. Sir John's first wife was a sister of the poet of who was accustomed to dance jolly trips before all others,
Qui jolly tryppas ante alios dansare solebat, Hawthornden, who often lived here. Amongst Sir Et bobbare bene, et lassas kissare bonæas; John's other visiters at Scotstarvet, were Sir James And to bob well, and kiss the bonny lasses ; Balfour, the Lord Lyon and author of the “ Annals," Duncan Oliphantus, valde stalvartus, et ejus the two Johnstons the poets, and Sir Robert Kerr of Filius eldestus, jolly boyus, atque oldmoudus,
the other presenting the arms of one of his successors Ancrum, also a poet. Ascending to the bartizan, we
of his own family, with the date 1650. The ground Eldest son, a jolly boy, and an old-mouthed one, found over the door leading upon it from the stair, Qui pleugham longo gaddo dryvare solebat ;
has been alienated from the name of Lindsay for more a stone containing the sculptured arms of the learned Who was wont with a long gad to drive the plough;
than a century, and now belongs to General Sir Alexknight, together with his initials, “S. J. S.," and those Et Rob Gib, wantonus homo, et Oliver Hutchin,
ander Hope of Rankeillour. In 1806, a farmer of And Rob Gib, wanton man, and Oliver Hutchin, of Dame Anne Drummond, his wife, “ D. A.D.," with Et plouky-faced Watty Strang, atque in-kneed Elshender Aitken, spot, pointed out to a correspondent of Mr George
patriarchal age, who had dwelt seventy years on the the date 1627, being probably that of a repair of the And plouky.faced* Watty Strang, and in kneed Elshender Aitken, edifice. Here, besides the ash-tree, which is rooted Qui tulit in pileo magnum rubrumque favorem,
Chalmers “ a shaded walk on the top of the Mount, firmly in the building, we found a gooseberry bush Who dore in his bonnet a great red favour,
where Lindsay is said to have composed some of his Valde lothus pugnare, sed hunc Corngrevius heros springing from the wall below the battlements. The
poems. It was called, in the youth of this aged man, Very loth to fight, but him the Corngrieve hero people, it seems, have a notion that, when this bush
Sir David's Walk; and in 1801, when the woods of Noutheadum vocavit,atque illum forcit ad arma. dies, or is removed, something very sad will befall the Called Nolt-head, and forced to arms.
the Mount were cutting, the same venerable enthuowner of the mansion. Insuper hic aderant Tom Taylor et Hen. Watsonus,
siast interceded with Sir Alexander Hope for three The Scotts of Scotstarvet were considered the first Here also came Tom Taylor and Henry Watson,
ancient trees, which stood near the castle, and were Et Tomy Gilchristus, et fool Jocky Robinsonus, cadets of Buccleugh, and for several generations were
known by the name of Sir David's Trees. The liberal And Tommy Gilchrist, and fool Jocky Robinson, remarkable for ability. A grand-daughter of Sir John, Andrew Elshenderus, et Jamy Tomsonus, et unus
spirit of that gentleman probably needed no such marrying Viscount Stormont, is believed to have been Andrew Elshender, and Jamy Thomson, and one
monitor; but the trees were spared. It is likely they the means of inoculating that family with talent, of Norland bornus homo, valde valde anti-covenanter,
still remain, and the literary pilgrim may, yet stand which one remarkable example is to be found in one A Norland born man, a dreadful anti-covenanter,
beneath their shade, indulging in the pleasing dream Nomine Gordonus, valde black-moudus, et alter, of her sons, the first Earl of Mansfield. The family Gordon by name, very black-mouthed, and another,
that he is sheltered by the same branches under which terminated in General Scott, father of Viscountess (Deil stick it! ignoro nomen) slav'ry beardius homo,
the Lord Lion was wont to ruminate, when he poured Canning and of the Duchess of Portland; and the (Deil stick it! I've forgot his name), a slavery-bearded man,
forth the lays which gave dignity to the lessons of property is now in other hands.* Here, also, there was Qui pottas dichtavit, et assas jacerat extra,
experience, and accelerated the progress of the Reforroom for a fond imagination to indulge in musings The unsavoury procession sets out amidst great, din, Who cleaned pols, and threw out ashes.
mation."* over days and things gone by. I lingered in the dis- with Piper Law playing “ the Battle of Harlaw” be- proceeded, we went to see the castle-hill, on whose
In the thriving town of Cupar, to which we now ing to realise the clever old knight and his friends, fore it, and the insult to Lady Newbarns is accom- esplanade Sir David's extraordinary Satire of the Three and reviving all I could remember of their intellectual plished – which lady, however, comes out in great Estates was acted in the open air during his life-time. labours. Could it be in this deep recessed window, rage, and calls forth her barrowmen and lads, and her The spot is now occupied by school-rooms, but it is where two fixed ris-a-vis seats still exist, that Sir jack-man, hire-men, plough-drivers, and ploughmen, still possible to form some notion of this open-air John would employ his last days in chronicling all tumbling-boys from the reeky kitchen, wide-breeked theatre and its assembled audience, grinning at the the disasters of the public men of his time, in that fishermen, and coalmen and salters as black and ugly jests directed by pardoners, paupers, and sutors, by strange little book which did not till long after see the
as a certain personage, and also the servant-women- Dissait, Flattrie, and Wantonnes, against the vices of light, the “Staggering State of Scots Statesmen !” from for instance,
the contemporary clergy. In English literary history, which it was made to appear that scarcely a single man Maggaam magis doctam milkare cowas,
the satire is a piece of some distinction, as the last had held public employment in Scotland between 1550 Masay better skilled in milking cores,
specimen of the class of plays called Moralities, in Et doctam sweepare flooras, et sternere beddas, and 1650, who had not, though for a time flourish
which the chief characters were abstract qualities And sweeping floors, and making beds, ing, come to wreck and ruin, or whose children at Quæque novit spinnare, et longas ducere threddas ;
personified. Its clever raillery is mingled with grossleast had not done so. The tone of this book is sharp who knew also to spin, and draw out the long threads ;
nesses of speech and act, the repeated witnessing of and biting ; the venerable knight had himself sufNansæam, claves bene quæ keepaverat omnes;
which by a king, queen, and court, cannot but excite fered sorely under Cromwell, and was not too well Nanse, who carefully kept all the keys ;
the greatest surprise in the present age. When our Yellantem Elpen, longo bardamque Anapellam, treated at the Restoration ; it is not cery uncharitable Yelling Elspeth, and long-beardeil Annaple,
horses had rested a due time at M Nab's, we reto suppose that he might feel a slight consolation for Egregie indutam blacko caput sooty clooto;
commenced our journey, which was now almost dihis own misfortunes in contemplating those of his Whose head was signaty clothed in a black sooly clout ;
rectly homeward. In the course of the drive we saw neighbours—a source of comfort oftener experienced Quæque lanam cardare solet greasy fingria Betty;
a few more sights, not unworthy to be told to the And greasy-fingered Betty, accustomed to card wool. than acknowledged amongst the children of men.
gentle reader ; but, like the sultaness Schecherazade, However this may be, the Staggering State is a curi- Neberna feeds her troops well, and sends them to the I am clear for not telling too much at once, and so, ous record of the personal characters and familiar combat, which rages intensely on a field neither dry for the present, I make my bow actions of the men of that age, and conveys a strong in the style of the Iliad and Æneid, until, as in the
nor clean, and during which many incidents take place impression to the reader, that its author, as he sat and talked in the flesh at his own table, or by his own
Homeric and Virgilian battles, attention is concentred INSURRECTIONS AT LYONS. fireside, must have been one of the most entertaining of Neberna's styled Gilly, and a carter of Vitarva's, CIRCUMSTANCES soon occurred to prove that the workupon one pair of combatants, namely, a savage maid
SECOND ARTICLE. of companions. Drummond, too, in whose classic shade in Lothian Jonson had sat, must have often sat
whose name is not given, and who had offered a par- ing-men of Lyons had derived no effective warning
ticular insult to her mistress :in the scarcely less classic shade of Scotstarvet, per
from their futile and blood-spilling outbreak in Nohaps detailing to the greedy ears of his sister and Extemplo Gillæa ferox invasit, et ejus
vember 1831. The miserable tariff for which they brother-in-law the last visit he made to the wits of Quickly fierce Gilly attacked him, and In faciem girnavit atrox, at tigrida facta,
had held out having been given up at the time with the south, and all the racketings he had with them at Savanely grinning in his face, and, tiger-like,
perfect indifference, a new plan was tried, with full the Angel and the Mitre, or regaling them with some Boublentem grippans beardam, sic dixit ad illum :
consent of both masters and men. This consisted in of the latest productions of the muse of Massinger, Gripping his trickly beard, thus said to him :“ Vade domum, filthæe nequam, aut te interficiabo!"
the establishment of a tribunal, called L'Institution Ford, or Webster. Here, without doubt, he must
"Gang hame, ye filthy gude for-naething, or I'll be the death o' ye !" des Prud 'hommes, and composed of an equal number have composed his whimsical poem entitled “ PolemoTunc cum gerculen magnum fecit Gilly whippum
of manufacturers and delegated workmen, whose busiMiddinia," for it relates to a familiar occurrence at Then with a jerk Gily gave him a good idhip,
ness it was to arrange the scale of wages for regular Scotstarvet, and looks entirely as if written the even Ingentemque manu sherdam levavit, et omnem
periods. It was hoped that this council would prove ing after to amuse the particular circle there assembled.
And taking up a large shard,
one of amity and concord; but it speedily proved to Grotesque as the subject is, I could not survey the Besmeared all the gash beard of the gallant man ;
be a very pandemonium of confusion and anarchy. fields around this now desolate tower, without invest “Sume tibi hoc," inquit, sneezing valde operativum
The representatives of the working-men carried their ing them with a lively feeling of interest, as I con “ Take that till thee !" she said, sneezing violently,
prejudices and passions with them, and acted not as sidered that they had once been animated by the rustic
“ Pro premio, swingere, tuo;" tum denique fleido
the colleagues, but as the constant and bitter rivals bustle which the slip-shod muse of Drummond has Ingentem Gilly wamphra dedit, validamque nevellam,
of the master-deputes, interrupting debates, and anthere described. This poem is what is called macaGilly-wamphry gave a good heavy knevel, t
nulling decisions at will. A mob was, moreover, adronic, that is, a mixture of two languages, the most Ingeminatque iterum, donec bis fecerat ignem
mitted to the place of meeting, and there hooted and of the words being Scottish, but wrought up with And repeated it till twice she made the fire
threatened all who displeased them. Harmony was Latin, and put into an appearance of Latin hexameter Ambobus fugere ex oculis ; sic Gylla triumphat.
farther distant than ever. verse. It relates to a quarrel which the author's sister, Obstupuit bumbaizdus homo; backumque repente Fly from both his eyes; and so Gilly triumphs.
Nor did the evil rest here. The disturbances of Lady Scotstarvet (Vitarva), had with a neighbour Astonished stood the bumbaized man, and suddenly
1831 had drawn upon Lyons the attention of all the styled Lady Newbarns (Neberna), and describes a con Turnavit veluti nasus bloodasset ; et, “ O fy!"
wild speculators in politics, morals, and religion, whom flict which took place between the servants of these two
Turned back as if his nose hall been bleeding, and, “O fy!"
Paris or France contained ; and preachers and lecgentlewomen, in consequence of the former endeavour
He three or four times cried, and 0 how dreadfully he sneezed ! turers of all denominations accordingly flocked to the ing to put a resentful indignity upon the latter. Let not the gentle reader be unduly startled, when I Enough, perhaps, of this homely stuff
, which, however, unfortunate city. Before the outbreak of 1831, the mention that this indignity consisted in causing all the I may say in my own defence, a bishop was the first weavers of Lyons had been remarkably indifferent to Scotstarvet dung-carts to be led past the windows of to give to the world. And so turn we the back of our all sorts of politics and political discussions. A few
months sufficed to change their feelings. As was to be Lady Newbarns. The transaction is described by drosky to the old tower of Scotstarvet. Drummond in a breadth of style suitable to the nature
Descending the slope towards Cupar, we had full in expected in a place where so much ignorance prevailed, of the incidents, and it is not difficult to conceive the front the rich vale of the Eden, thickly bedecked with the adventurers who preached republican opinions roars of laughter with which it must have been re- elegant modern mansions, amongst which the Priory, found most converts in the workshops of Lyons, outceived in the hall of Scotstarvet, where the characters the seat of the late Lady Mary Lindsay Crawford (the stripping all their competitors, from Carlists to Saintwhich it so ludicrously reflected were all of course in last of the Crawford Lindsays), shone conspicuous. Simonians. Ere long, the workmen chose to have a
newspaper purposely for themselves; and this journal, timately known. I am tempted to make an endeavour Right opposite rose a beautiful wooded hill, having an to convey some notion of this poem
to the unlearned obelisk on the top, to the memory of John Earl of called the Echo de la Fabrique, had for its auxiliaries reader, by means of a few passages with an interlined Hopetoun, a distinguished soldier of the Peninsula. other papers, which openly advocated a revolution
By such combined causes were the translation. Vitarva first calls her forces about her, This is the Mount, once the property and residence of and a republic. and gives them their commission, telling them that if the poet of the Scottish reformation, Sir David Lind- uninstructed weavers of Lyons worked up to, and kept
say. We designed to climb its sides, and visit the continuously in, a state of frenzy. “The great wea
spot where the worthy Lord Lion, King at Arms, had pons of the publications described were, of course, * Excepting the patronage of the chair of Roman literature at lived; but, on reaching Cupar, finding the distance calumny and personal defamation. Any manufacwith the Duchess of Portland. It is interesting to find the only greater than we had calculated upon, we were obliged turer or merchant who did, or even said, anything connexion between the descendants of this elegant person and
to give up the intention. I may here, nevertheless, considered unfavourable to the cause of the people the county where he once had so much property, is by a link of
* Mr Tytler's Scottish Worthies, Family Library
such a nature.
was at once accused of every vice and crime, and how and when a revolt, political and commercial, nothing but a heap of smoking ruins. At another held up as a monster to popular execration.”
might be best effected. The actual determination to point near the hospital, the troops kept up a tremenM. Monfalcon, the writer now quoted, states that, revolt was taken, and the workmen were confident of dous fire of musketry against a party of working-men during the thirty months intervening between No success, though the troops in the city amounted to who lay there in ambush behind a barricade. The vember 1831 and April 1834, “ Lyons never at any 10,500 men. The rioters deemed the troops friendly, balls rebounding (par ricochet), entered in at the wintime enjoyed fifteen days of tranquillity.” The nu however, and there committed a great and fatal mis dows of the houses, and wounded many females. At merous and sometimes conflicting sources of agitation take. The 9th of April, the day fixed for resuming noon, the black flag floated over the church of St tended, for a part of that period, to prevent any great the trial of the six Mutuellistes, was looked on by the Polycarpe, at L'Antiquaille, at Fourvières, at St Nizier, or combined movement towards a new insurrection. authorities as the perilous moment, and justly, as it and at the Cordeliers. The stunning tocsin resounded But at length certain gentlemen, calling themselves proved. “On Wednesday, the 9th of April,” says M. on all sides. Colonel Mounier, at the head of some Propagandists of the Society of the Rights of Men of Alonfalcon, " at seven o'clock in the morning, the sol- grenadiers, ordered the destruction of a barricade in Paris, came to the city of Lyons to lend their gene- diers were at their posts with loaded muskets, car the street of St Marcel. The colonel directed the rous assistance in throwing the confused mass of mis- tridge-boxes filled, their knapsacks on their shoulders, attack in person. He wanted to show his men how chief into a proper shape, and in giving it an impulse and with rations for two days. They were disposed easy it was to carry such a defence; he jumped upon toward its destined end. Under their auspices, unions in four separate divisions. General Fleury was at the barricade, and was shot dead by a musket fired were formed, and laws and bye-laws concocted. The La Croix Rousse ; Colonel Diettman at the Hotel de point-blank. The death of that brave officer infuriated two great unions were, that of the Mutuellistes, or Ville ; General Buchet at the archbishop's palace; the grenadiers ; they threw themselves upon the barweavers who had looms of their own; and that of the Lieutenant-General Aymard, the commander-in-chief, ricade, scaled it, beat it to the ground, and pursued Ferrandiniers, or weavers who had no looms. The at the square of Bellecour. At eight o'clock, M. B the insurgents, who fled in all directions. A few of constitution of these unions was nearly the same. The informed M. Gasparin, the prefect, that the chiefs of the soldiers saw some of the republicans seek refuge Mutuellistes had one hundred and twenty-two lodges, the section of the Society of the Rights of Man were in a corner house ; it was from that direction that of twenty members each, and with a president in each. assembled at a house close by. He, moreover, brought the fatal shot which killed poor Mounier was fired. From the united body of presidents were formed a heap of republican proclamations wet from the press. With blind fury the grenadiers rushed into the house, twelve central lodges, each of which named three A member of the municipality proposed the imme ran up the stairs, forced open the room doors, and members to form an executive commission, which thus diate arrest of men whose intentions were no longer discharging their pieces, killed, among others, one of consisted of thirty-six members. This commission doubtful to any one ; but another member of the same the most honourable and esteemed citizens of Lyons, again resolved itself into a permanent directory of body showed the disadvantage there would be in ex M. Joseph Rémond. Thus, the death of the brave three members. Each member of the union paid five ercising such an act of authority before the com Colonel Mounier was followed by a not less deplorable francs on admission, and one franc per month regu- mencement of hostilities by the insurgents in the accident! Mournful results of civil wars are these, larly. The money here was the important matter, public streets. It was therefore agreed that the re where the lives of so many innocent persons expiate fine though the lodge-scheme looked. The money publicans should be left to act.
the offences of the factious, who themselves often was the thing which sustained such men as struck or At half-past nine o'clock, the mob began to fill the escape unpunished ! During this day, the buildings wanted work; and the money kept up the Echo de la streets and squares. The authorities were again asked of the College were set on fire three times, and three Fabrique, as well as the Echo des Travailleurs, a rival to order the arrest of some of the chiefs of the asso- times the fire was extinguished ; the library was which sprang up in due time.
ciations, who were abroad with the crowd. The an- threatened with destruction, but fortunately that rich Though dissensions soon occurred among these swer was, “No! as yet they have committed no disorder, literary treasure did not sustain the least injury. At unions, yet they so far worked out their unhappy and the authorities ought to avoid even the appearance the end of this day, if the garrison had obtained no ends as to give a stronger aim to the mischievous ele- of aggression--they must not be struck before they decisive success, it had at least lost none of its adments existing in Lyons. From the middle of 1832, strike. A man placed himself in the midst of the vantages. The insurgents had nowhere gained ground, the city not only never enjoyed fifteen days of peace, square of St Jean, and read a republican proclama- though they had fought with more obstinacy than but a month never passed without an open attempt tion addressed to the soldiers and the working-classes. had been expected.” at insurrection. These would have been much more The colonel of the gens-d'armes, passing at the mo It would be painful to follow this insurrection quickly and decisively destructive than they really ment, tore the proclamation from his hands, and ar- through all its details. The plan of action pursued were, but for the wise measures taken by the French rested the reader. Shortly after, the crowded square by the military, consisting chiefly in discharges of government immediately after November 1831. They of St Jean was suddenly and completely evacuated; artillery, was prudent as regarded themselves, but then commenced to fortify the city, and in less than not a republican, not a single weaver was to be seen. awfully destructive as respected life and property in the two years a number of forts, connected partly by The most absolute solitude and perfect silence reigned insurgent streets. The soldiers took care not to enter entrenchments, had arisen around Lyons, while a there.
the long narrow streets, where escape with life was strong barrack was built in the square of the Ber But the insurgents had begun to raise their barri- almost impossible. Four days the warfare continued nardines, commanding the always turbulent quarter cades in the street St Jean, and in all the streets and unabated. On the evening of the fourth day (12th of of Croix Rousse. The erection and completion of lanes that opened upon the square. The scaffolding April), however, the troops were in possession of these works, with the number of forces in the city, and materials of some houses that were building nearly the whole city, and peaceful citizens began to doubtless kept down the insurrectionary spirit to a beams, planks, stones, carts, and overturned carriages breathe freely. Physicians for the first time dared certain extent. But it grew in strength and audacity —served to form these lines of defence, and the pave to visit the sick and wounded. Still there was a little till it became ungovernable. At the close of 1833, ment was taken from the streets to be thrown at the fighting on Sunday the 13th, but on the 14th the scarcely a day passed without a riot, more or less soldiers. When informed that a second, a third, and contest ended. On that day, the last lanes in La serious. Minglicg political with commercial matters, a fourth barricade was thus rising, General Buchet Croix Rousse were taken, and nearly every insurgent the weavers publicly sang republican hymns at the ordered half a battalion of infantry and a platoon of in them was shot or bayonetted by the troops. It same time with psalms about the tariff, the cry for gens-d'armes to clear the public way, but to refrain was only then that the true authors of the evil were which revived in double force ; and “ Down with from firing until an act of open hostility was com- exposed to and met the fate which they had provoked. Louis Philippe !” “ Long live the guillotine !” “ Down mitted. A few soldiers and some policemen rushed By these six days of commotion, Lyons was left with the aristocrats !” were also common cries on the against the first barricade, and attempted to overturn nearly in ruins. The destruction of property was streets of Lyons.
it; they were instantly assailed by heavy stones, enormous, and the loss of life also very great, though In consequence of these mad dissensions, the silk thrown by the insurgents from the gates, windows, not proportionate. The results of the whole was an trade was in a languishing state in February 1834. house-tops, &c. Here, then, was not only a resistance almost total stoppage of the silk trade in Lyons. The natural result was, an inability on the part of the but an aggression—a carbine was discharged from the Capital was taken from it to an immense amount, and manufacturers to pay the wages given before. Blind detachment of troops — the gens-d'armes commenced its owners settled in more tranquil scenes. For years to the fact, that their own previous insane conduct the tire.
to come, the effects of these riots must be felt in the had the inevitable tendency to cause this fall, the During this time, the trial of the six Mutuellistes trading concerns of the city. Mutuellistes, by a majority of 2341 over 1290, resolved had begun. At the report of the first shot, the advoon a strike. Next day not a loom in Lyons was at cate for the accused, M. Jules Favre, stopped short ; work, the minority remaining idle under compulsion. he could not, he said, continue to plead whilst the
BIOGRAPHIC SKETCHES. From the 12th to the 22d, the weavers held out, citizens were slaughtered in the streets. The whole making senseless and vain demands ; but after the audience was violently excited. M. Pic, the president, AFTER Copernicus and Galileo, the history of astroeight days had elapsed, they returned to their work, broke up the court. The next moment judges, ma- nomy does not present a more illustrious name than having gained nothing. But it was calculated one mil- gistrates, advocates, officers, and all, rushed pell-mell that of John Kepler, the “Legislator of the Heavens," lion of francs (L.40,000 sterling) were lost to Lyons during out of court, and endeavoured to gain their different as he has been somewhat rashly called, from the splenthese eight days. And, moreover, a “great number of homes before the scene of warfare should have time did discoveries which he made respecting the movefamilies left the town, and terror became general among to extend itself.”
ments of the planets. He was born in 1571, near Weil, the manufacturers. Most of them concealed their goods A fearful combat now began. Barricades rose in in Wirtemberg, of which place his paternal grandfather or packed them up and exported them, and then get- all directions, and the soldiers fought hand to hand, was burgomaster. The father of the great astronomer ting their own passports, hurried from Lyons as fast with shot and steel, against the insurgents. The was an improvident man, who left sober pursuits to as they could. Considerable amounts of capital thus latter enjoyed, as formerly, great advantage from the be a soldier under the infamous Duke of Alva in the left the city. Some first houses were shut up and shelter of the houses, till the soldiers began to blow Netherlands : his mother was illiterate and of disaabandoned."
up the doors with petards. The city was soon set greeable temper. Being born in the seventh month, It seemed, however, as if nothing but bloodshed on fire in various places in consequence. Hundreds he was at all periods of his life small and of a weakly bloodshed once more—could quell the mad spirit of of peaceable citizens perished in consequence, and, frame of body. His early education was repeatedly insurgency in these ignorant and misguided men. when artillery began to play on the strong positions interrupted by his being put to humble rustic occupaOn Saturday the 5th April, six men belonging to the of the workmen, then the aged and the young fell tions ; but his abilities, nevertheless, became so conMutuelliste Society were to be brought to trial for alike. The insurgents were driven, on the first day, spicuous, that it was resolved, more particularly convarious acts of riot. An enormous multitude of the into the long narrow streets of the interior of the sidering his want of personal strength, to bring him weavers assembled in and around the court, and the city, the soldiers, by whose side the authorities fought up to the church. The education necessary for this result was an attack upon the assembled officials, on foot, having carried every position attacked by purpose was begun in' a school at Maulbronn, at the from which the judges, the attorney-general, and the them.
expense of the Duke of Wirtemberg, and completed commissaries of police, only escaped by making their But the spirit of the misguided workmen was un at the college of Tubingen, an eminent Lutheran seexit through a concealed door and a hayloft. Å body | broken. “On the second day, they challenged a re- minary, remarkable for its advocacy of the doctrine of sixty foot soldiers marched out to check the riot, newal of the combat at six A.M., by ringing the tocsin of the omnipresence of the body of Christ. There but though the weavers parted without further mis- from St Bonaventure and other churches. The firing, he took his degree of Master of Arts in 1591, on chief, the discovery that the muskets of the soldiers however, did not begin till eight o'clock. The street which occasion only one person stood above him in were unloaded did much barm, leading the people to warfare presented much the same character as the the list. believe that the soldiery would not act against them. preceding day ; but at La Guillotière the battle be The professional prospects of Kepler were blighted
Next day eight thousand weavers turned out to came still more furious. A multitude of working-men, by the freedom which he assumed in judging of reliattend a workman's funeral, and in the evening the placed on the roof-tops and behind chimneys, fired gious doctrines, and particularly that which was so streets were crowded with men singing the Marseil- incessantly on the troops ; consequently whole bat- inuch a favourite with his college. Finding himself, loise hymn, and shouting republican and seditious teries of artillery thundered on that populous suburb, for this freedom, abused as “ a self-seeker, a hypocrite, cries. This state of things led to the instantaneous and soon wrapped many houses in flames. The main a heretic, and an atheist," he was glad to accept an departure of many other capitalists and manufacturers street was literally swept by the cannon. A large invitation from the States of Styria, to take the astrofrom the city. It was now evident that Lyons was and beautiful house, situated at one corner, was set nomical lectureship in the gymnasium at Gratz. He clearing, to become once more a field of battle. In on fire-the flames rapidly spread from house to house, was now in his twenty-second year, and had not as the weaving lodges, the question was openly debated, and in a short time all that part of La Guillotière was yet turned his mind particularly to astronomy, al