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piece, which is nominally a translation from the Latin She fails, and falling, grieves, and grieving, dies been found that many persons have not availed themof Strada, but in which the translator has far excelled

She dies, and leaves her life the victor's prize,

selves of the benefit thus provided by the legislature,

Falling upon his lute. Oh, fit to have his original, exhibiting, as an able critic says,

from an apprehension that the acceptance of it would,

(That lived so sweetly) dead, so sweet a grave !" derful power over the resources of our language," and

so far as respects the elective franchise, be tantamount producing an English poem of eminent beauty. It is “ Music's Duel” speaks itself to be the work of one, to the acceptance of relief or alms, and so operate to entitled “Music's Duel,” and the subject is the contest as our readers may now admit, whose very soul was disfranchise the party whose child might thus be vacof the nightingale with the lutist, so finely treated by steeped in music, and would alone entitle him to a cinated. Others of the guardians refused taking proFord in his “Lover's Melancholy.” Crashaw opens place among the poets of his nation.

ceedings because they have doubted whether the act the subject beautifully, and with the easy strength Richard Crashaw died in the situation of a canon of authorised the payment of the remuneration for vacof a master :Loretto, in the year 1650.

cination out of the poor-rates. Both these doubts,

however, have now been completely removed by a short “Now westward Sol had spent the richest beams

amending act (4th and 5th Vict., cap. 32) recently pasOf noon's high glory, when hard by the streams

PROGRESS OF VACCINATION.

sed, which expressly enables the guardians to defray Of Tiber, on the scene of a green plat, Under protection of an oak, there sate

IN No. 458 of this Journal, a statement was made with the expenses of vaccination out of the poor rates, and A sweet lute's master ; in whose gentle airs

the view of showing the excessive loss of human life, also declares that vaccination under the act shall not He lost the day's heat, and his own hot cares.

deprivation of sight, personal disfigurement and debi- be considered to be parochial relief, and that no person Close in the covert of the leaves there stood

lity, which had from time to time resulted from small shall be deprived of any right, or subject to any disA nightingale, come from the neighbouring wood; pox ; and some observations were given in support of ability, by reason of such vaccination. (The sweet inhabitant of each glad tree,

the indisputable superiority of vaccination to inocula The most serious obstacle which impedes the proTheir muse, their syren, harmless syren she),

tion with small-pox, both as a means of warding off gress of vaccination, and more particularly in Ireland, There stood she list'ning, and did entertain The music's soft report ; and mould the same

the attacks of that terrible disease, and as being, unlike is the difficulty which the vaccinator finds in inducing In her own murmurs; that whatever mood

the system which it has supplanted, wholly unattended persons who bring their children to the stations to be His curious fingers lent, her voice made good.

with the danger of contagion from a patient under the vaccinated, to return on his next visit and afford bim The man perceived his rival and her art. Disposed to give the light-foot lady sport,

operation of vaccination. Attention was likewise the opportunity of judging whether or not the vaccinaAwakes his lute, and 'gainst the fight to come

pointed to the circumstance, and a brief abstract given tion has been successful. Others of them evince the Informs it, in a sweet præludium

of the leading provisions of an act of the legislature greatest unwillingness to permit a supply of lymph Of closer strains, and e'er the war begin,

(3d and 4th Victoria, cap. 29), which had been passed to be taken from their children, which is necessary for He lightly skirmishes on every string,

with the humane object of encouraging the extension the vaccination of others, and not in the slightest deCharged with a flying touch; and straightway she Carves out her dainty voice as readily

of vaccination, and of suppressing the practice of ino-gree hurtful to those from whom it is taken. The Into a thousand sweet distinguish'd tones,

culation with small-pox, as in a high degree dangerous, failure to return at the proper time to enable the vacAnd reckons up in soft divisions

and comparatively inoperative besides, by placing the cinator to inspect the progress of the operation is atQuick volumes of wild notes, to let him know latter in the catalogue of penal offences.

tended with three bad consequences ; it prevents himn By that shrill taste she could do something too.

Since that time, the reports of the poor-law commis- from certifying the successful result of the vaccination, His nimble hand's instinct then taught each string sioners, to whom the duty of carrying this act into which is the most important point of all ; it has the A cap'ring cheerfulness; and made them sing

operation was confided, furnish some interesting in effect of limiting the necessary supply of lymph or To their own dance; now negligently rash He throws his arm, and with a long-drawn dash

formation relative to the progress of legalised vaccina-cow-pox virus; and it goes to deprive the vaccinator Blends all together; then distinctly trips

tion, both in England and Ireland. It may be worthy of his remuneration, which is sufficiently small as it From this to that, then quick returning skips

of remark, in passing, that Scotland was excluded is, by disabling him from furnishing the requisite cerAnd snatches this agnin, and pauses there.

from the operation of this act, for some reason which tificate of successful vaccination, upon which his reShe measures every measure, everywhere

we are wholly unable to understand or explain, unless muneration depends. In Ireland, efforts have been Meets art with art; sometimes as if in doubt Not perfect yet, and fearing to be out,

it was that there existed no machinery there similar made to obviate these difficulties, by compelling the Trails her plain ditty in one long-epun note

to the English poor-law commission for carrying it into parties to leave a deposit of sixpence or a shilling, Through the sleek passage of her open throat,

effect, and the greater difficulty and expense consequent which is to be returned on the successful issue of the A clear unwrinkled song; then doth she point it

on its introduction. With tender accents, and soverely joint it

case, and provided the child is brought on the preBy short diminutives, that being rear'd

For the purpose of carrying the Vaccination Ex- scribed days, and that liberty is given to take lymph In controverting warbles evenly shared,

tension Act into effect, the commissioners directed from the vesicle ; which have had the desired effect in With her sweet self she wrangles. He amazed.

each of the English poor-law unions to be divided into most cases of insuring the return of the parties. That from so small a channel should be raised

districts, and in each of such districts vaccination Some degree of prejudice, too, prevails, especially in The torrent of a voice, whose melody Could melt Into such sweet variety,

stations to be appointed, so numerous and so near to Ireland, against the use of cow-pox, but this is stated Strains higher yet, that tickled with rare art

each other, that few persons would have to travel more to be rapidly wearing away. It is likewise to be feared The tattling strings, each breathing in his part,

than two miles to the station to have their children that a great deal of ignorance still exists in all parts Most kindly do fall out: the grumbling bass,

vaccinated, and ordinarily the distance would be much of the kingdom as to the provision made by the legisIn surly groans disdains the treble's grace; The high-perch'd treble chirps at this, and chides,

less. The local boards of guardians were also required lature in respect to vaccination, and the arrangements Until his finger (moderator) hides

to enter into contracts with properly qualified medical made for carrying this provision into effect. We hope And closes the sweet quarrel, rousing all

practitioners for the attendance and performance of to be instrumental in some degree of conveying inforHoarse, shrill at once; as when the trumpets call vaccination at each of such stations periodically on a mation relative to this important subject into quarters Hot Mars to th' harvest of death's field, and woo

fixed day and hour. Where the population is suffi- which it may not yet have reached. Men's hearts into their hands: this lesson too She gives them back; her supple breast thrills out ciently numerous to admit of it, the commissioners We say to every parent in England and Ireland Sharp airs, and staggers in a warbling doubt

have preferred a weekly attendance by the vaccinators having children to vaccinate, “Go instantly to the Of dallying sweetness, hovers o'er her skill,

at each station, so that the persons vaccinated in one proper vaccinating station of your district, and get the And folds in waved notes, with a trembling bill, The pliant series of her slippery song:

week are inspected the next; and from the cases so operation performed according to the rules laid down Then starts she suddenly into a throng

inspected, vaccine matter can at once be taken so as to by the medical attendant. You cannot be too thankOf short thick sobs, whose thund'ring volley's float, vaccinate from arm to arm those who are then in atten- ful for the offer of so great a boon, free of either exAnd roll themselves over her lubrick throat

dance to be vaccinated. Where the population is less pense or trouble, and which is so likely to save the In panting murmurs, still'd out of her breast;

dense, they have recommended a series of weekly at- lives of your offspring.” We may add," How much That ever-bubbling spring, the sugar'd nest Of her delicious soul, that there does lie

tendances during part of the year only ; .and where better off are you than the people of Scotland, who Bathing in streams of liquid melody,

the population is scanty, and the stations numerous, are born and vaccinated, no one cares how, and of Music's best seed-plot; when in ripen'd airs

they have acquiesced in a very limited number of at- whose children great numbers perish for want of those A golden-beaded harvest fairly rears tendances in the year at each station.

institutions with which you have been blessed !” His honey.dropping tops, plough'd by her breath,

On the 1st of May 1841, the date of the seventh
Which there reciprocally laboureth.
In that sweet soil it seems a holy choir,

report, such arrangements as have been described, or
Bounded to th'name of great Apollo's lyre ;
similar, had been entered into in 533 out of 583 of the

FISHING IN THE OHIO. Whose silver roof rings with the sprightly notes

unions, for giving effect to the act ; and between that Mr AUDUBON, the ingenious American naturalist, in one Of sweet-lip'd angel imps, that swill their throats

time and the 1st of May of the present year, thirty- of his volumes of ornithology, presents the following In crenm of morning Helicon, and then Prefer soft anthems to the ears of men,

eight unions in which the provisions of the act are simple sketch of the mode of fishing in the Ohio, many To woo them from their beds, still murmuring

now in force had been added, besides twenty-two years ago, or at least previous to the introduction of That men can sleep while they their matins sing; unions and parishes under local acts. Similar arrange

steam navigation on the western waters :(Most divine service) whose so early lay ments for vaccination under the act, differing only so

" It is with mingled feelings of pleasure and regret that Prevents the eyelids of the blushing day. There might you hear her kindle her soft voice,

far as to suit certain local peculiarities, have also been I recall to my mind the many pleasant days I have spent In the close murmur of a sparkling noise ; made in the unions in Ireland, as these have from time

on the shores of Ohio. The visions of former years crowd And lay the ground-work of her hopeful song, to time been formed. Up to the 25th of March last, genial atmosphere of our great western garden, Kentucky,

on my view, as I picture to myself the fertile soil and Still keeping in the forward stream, so long

vaccination contracts had been entered into throughout and view the placid waters of the fair stream that flows Till a sweet whirlwind (striving to get out)

the whole of eighty-eight unions in Ireland, and par- along its western boundary. Methinks I am now on the Heaves her soft bosom, wanders round about, And makes a pretty earthquake in her breast,

tially in twelve others, embracing a population of banks of the noble river. Twenty years of my life have reTill the fledged notes at length forsake their nest,

nearly five millions and a half; and the total number turned to me; my sinews are strong, and the bowstring Fluttering in wanton shouls, and to the sky,

of persons returned as successfully vaccinated up to of my spirit is not slack ;' bright visions of the future float Wing'd with their own wild echoes, prattling fly. the last-mentioned date was 104,713. The commis- before me, as I sit on a grassy bank gazing on the glitterShe opes the floodgate, and lets looso a tide Of streaming sweetness, which in state doth ride sioners have been desirous of obtaining information ing waters. Around me are dense forests of lofty trees On the waved back of every swelling strain, from the tables published by the registrar-general, as

and thickly-tangled undergrowth, amid which are heard Rising and falling in a pompous train : to the mortality arising from small-pox, which has

the songs of feathered choristers, and from whose bonghs And while she thus discharges a shrill peal

taken place since the passing of the vaccination act, hang clusters of glowing fruits and beautiful flowers. Of flashing airs, she qualifies their zeal as compared with the mortality, from the same cause, vanished, and here I am in the British Athens, penning

But now the dream has With the cool epode of a graver note : Thus high, thus low, as if her silver throat

known to have taken place in former years; but from Would reach the brazen voice of war's hoarse bird ;

an episode for my Ornithological Biography, and having the very recent introduction of the machinery for before me sundry well-thumbed and weather-beaten Her little soul is ravish'd, and so pour'd

vaccination throughout the kingdom, the returns pub- folios, from which I expect to be able to extract some Into loose ecstacies, that she is placed

lished do not as yet embrace any part of the time since interesting particulars respecting the methods employed Above herself, music's enthusiast.

the passing of the act, though they ultimately will. Shame, now, and anger mix'd a double stain

in those days in catching cat-fish. In the musician's face; yet, once again,

There have been many obstacles opposed to the in But before entering on my subject, I will present you Mistress, I come: now, reach a strain, my lute,

troduction and progress of the vaccination act, which with a brief description of the place of my residence on Above her mock, or be for ever mute."

have been only partially removed. Although it was the banks of the Ohio. When I first landed at Hender

perhaps more especially passed with the view of ex son in Kentucky, my family, like the village, was quite The poet goes on to describe most vividly the succeed. tending the practice of vaccination among the poor, small. The latter consisted of six or eight houses ; the ing effort of the lutist. It was beyond the powers of still

, in point of fact, no distinction of that kind is former of my wife, myself, and a young child. Few as the bird, and the issue is thus told :

made in the act, which provides for the vaccination of the houses were, we fortunately found one empty: It " And she, althouglı her breath's late exercise the whole community alike, without reference as to

was a log-cabin, not a log-house ; but as better could not Had dealt too roughly with her tender throat, whether the applicants for vaccination are paupers or

be had, we were pleased. Well, then, we were located. Yet summons all her sweet powers for a note : not. We fear this has never been generally under-able provisions rather scarce; but our neighbours were

The country around was thinly peopled, and all purchasAlas! in vain! for while (sweet soul) she tries

stood, and that the misapprehension which prevails on friendly, and we had brought with us flour and baconTo measure all those wild diversities Of chatt'ring stringe, by the small size of one

this point originated in the introduction of the act hams. "Our pleasures were those of young people not Poor simple voice, raised in a natural tone,

being intrusted to the poor-law commissioners. It has long married, and full of life and merriment; a single

smile from our infant was, I assure you, more valued by | ferable to the last, but not so common; and the yellow | truth,” said she, “ I believe we shall one of these days us than all the treasures of a modern Cræsus would have mud cat is the best and rarest, of the blue kind, some see you a colonel.” “Colonel !” replied he, in a tone of been. The woods were amply stocked with game, the have been caught that weighed a hundred pounds. Such indignation, “ I shall be a general, and perhaps" but river with fish ; and now and then the hoarded sweets of fishes, however, are looked upon as monsters.

he interrupted bimself, as if alarmed at what he was the industrious bees were brought from some hollow tree When the waters are rising fast, and have become about to say, and perhaps even internally rebuking himto our little table. Our child's cradle was our richest muddy, a single line is used for eatching cat-fish. It is self for what he had said. “Until now," said Mademoipiece of furniture, our guns and fishing-lines our most fastened to the elastic branch of some willow several feet selle Agiee, “ I have never asked you a single question, serviceable implements; for although we began to culti- above the water, and must be twenty or thirty feet in either with regard to your family or country. By your vate a garden, the rankness of the soil kept the seeds we length. The entrails of a wild turkey, or a piece of fresh accent I conceive you to be a foreigner, although you planted far beneath the tall weeds that sprung up the venison, furnish good bait; and if, when you visit your belong to a French regiment.” “I an a Corsican, and first year. I had then a partner, a “man of business,' and line the next morning after you have set it, the water has my name is Napoleon Bonaparte. there was also with me a Kentucky youth, who much not risen too much, the swinging of the willow indicates Mademoiselle Agiee every day became more and more preferred the sports of the forest and river to either day; that a fish has been hooked, and you have only to haul interested in Napoleon; and when he was entirely rebook or ledger. He was naturally, as I may say, a good the prize ashore.

covered, she equipped him, and supplied him with woodsman, hunter, and angler, and, like me, thought One evening I saw that the river was rising at a great money necessary to enable him to rejoin the regiment. chiefly of procuring supplies of fish and fowl. To the rate, although it was still within its banks. I know that On taking leave of his benefactress, the young man was task, accordingly, we directed all our energies.

the white perch were running, that is, ascending the river much affected. “Believe me,” said he,** I shall never Quantity as well as quality was an object with us, and from the sea, and anxious to have a tasting of that fine forget what you have done for me! you will hear of me." although we well knew that three species of cat-fish ex fish, I baited a line with a cray-fish, and fastened it to He departed, and Mademoiselle Agiee returned with her isted in the Ohio, and that all were sufficiently good, we the bough of a tree. Next morning, as I pulled in the mother to Geneva. Very soon the name of Napoleon bewere not sure as to the best method of securing them. line, it felt as if fast to the bottom, yet, on drawing it came celebrated ; and Mademoiselle Agiee, in reading We determined, however, to work on a large scale, and slowly, I found that it came. Presently I felt a strong the gazettes, exulted in the success of her protégé, who, immediately commenced making a famous trot-line.' pull, the line slipped through my fingers, and next instant meanwhile, seemed to have entirely forgotten her. Years Now, reader, as you may probably know nothing about a large cat-fish leaped out of the water. I played it for passed thus away, when, some time before the battle

of this engine, I shall describe it to you.

a while, until it became exhausted, when I drew it ashore. Marengo, Bonaparte passed through Nyon, a little town A trot-line is one of considerable length and thickness, It had swallowed the hook, and I cut off the line close to of the Canton de Vaud, twelve miles from Geneva, on both qualities, however, varying according to the extent its head. Then passing a stick through one of the gills, his way to Italy; he could only stop a few hours ; he sent of water, and the size of the fish you expect to catch. a servant and I tugged the fish home. On cutting it open, an aide-de-camp to Geneva, with orders to inquire for a As the Ohio, at Henderson, is rather more than half a to our surprise we found in its stomaeh a fine white lady, named Ayiee, very ugly and old, and to bring her to mile in breadth, and as cat-fishes weigh from one to a perch, dead, but not in the least injured. The peroh had him: such were his directions. The aide-de-camp soon hundred pounds, we manufactured a line which measured been lightly hooked, and the cat-fish, after swallowing it, succeeded in finding Mademoiselle Agice. She had beabout two hundred yards in length, as thick as the little had been hooked in the stomach, so that, although the come nearly blind, and very seldom quitted her own finger of some fair one yet in her teens, and as white as instrument was small, the torture caused by it no doubt house, but the name of her hero seemed to inspire her the damsel's finger well could be, for it was wholly of tended to disable the cat-fish. The perch we ate, and with new strength, and she hesitated not to follow his Kentucky cotton, just, let me tell you, because that sub- the cat, which was fine, wo divided into four parts, and messenger. Bonaparte was impatient, and came to meet stance stands the water better than either hemp or flax. distributed among our neighbours. My most worthy friend his friend on horseback, attended by his staff, at Versoix ; The main line finished, we made a hundred smaller ones, and relative, Nicholas Berthoud, Esq., who formerly re as soon as he perceived her carriage, he spurred on to about five feet in length, to each of which we fastened a sided at Shippingport in Kentucky, but now in New receive her, and the feelings of Mademoiselle Agiee, on capital hook of Kirby and Co.'s manufacture. Now for York (a better fisher than whom I never knew), once this rencontre, may better be imagined than expressed. the bait.

placed a trot-line in the basin' below . Tarascon's Mills, * Gentlemen,” said Bonaparte, turning towards his suite, It was the month of May. Nature had brought abroad at the foot of the rapids of the Ohio. I cannot recollect you see my benefactress, she to whom I am indebted myriads of living beings; they covered the earth, glided the bait which was used; but on taking up the line, we for life; I was destitute of everything when she sucthrough the water, and swarmed in the air. The cat-fish obtained a remarkably fine cat-fish, in which was found coured me. I am happy and proud to be obliged to her is a voracious creature, not at all nice in feeding, but one the greater part of a sucking pig.

and I shall never forget it." Mademoiselle Agiee passed who, like the vulture, contents himself with carrion when

two hours at Nyon with Bonaparte, at the hotel of the nothing better can be had. A few experiments proved

A STORY OF NAPOLEON.

Croix Blanche, where he detailed to her all his plans ; to us that, of the dainties with which we tried to allure

and on taking leave of her, repeated the same words he them to our hooks, they gave a decided preference, at

[From a Newspaper.]

had uttered at Lyons, “ You will hear of me.” From that season, to live toads. These animals were very abun- A young man was passing with his regiment through that hour to the epoch of Napoleon's coronation, she redant about Henderson. They ramble or feed, whether Lyons in 176, where he fell sick, and was obliged to ceived from him no token of his existence; but fifteen by instinct or reason, during early or late twilight more remain at an hotel. He found himself very ill supplied days before the coronation, General Hullin was anthan at any other time, especially after a shower, and are with money, and his purse was speedily exhausted by nounced to Mademoiselle Agiee. He desired her to preunable to bear the heat of the sun's rays for several hours the expenses his malady occasioned him. The hostess, pare to aecompany him, as Bonaparte was resolved that before and after noon. We have a good number of these untouched by his destitute situation, had him carried she should witness his glory; he was furnished with the crawling things in America, particularly in the western into a granary, where all the furniture she allowed him strictest and most minute orders. Mademoiselle Agiee and southern parts of the Union, and are very well sup was a paillasse and a chair, and all the sustenance a little

was permitted to carry nothing with her beyond what plied with frogs, snakes, lizards, and even crocodiles, barley water, refusing to call in the aid of a physician, was indispensable during the journey, and in spite of which we call alligators; but there is enough of food for to avoid the responsibility in which she apprehended her age and infirmities, the day after the general's arrival them all, and we generally suffer them to creep about, to such an additional charge might involve her. It happened she set out. On arriving at Paris, she alighted at a house leap or to flounder as they please, or in accordance with that the first floor of this furnished hotel was occupied in the Place du Carousal, opposite to the Palace of the the habits which have been given them by the great Con- by two Genevese ladies, Madam and Mademoiselle Agiee, Tuilleries ; there she found domestics in the livery of ductor of all.

who had visited Lyons for the benetit of change of air ; Bonaparte; and, in short, a completely furnished manDuring the month of May, and indeed until autumn, they were both advanced in years, Mademoiselle Agice sion and a well-stocked wardrobe had been prepared for we found an abundant supply of toads. Many fine being nearly fifty. These two ladies were clever and her. Bonaparte had recollected even her favourite coladies," no doubt, would have swooned, or at least well-informed ; but, according to an unfortunate habit, lours, and had omitted nothing he imagined would give screamed and gone into hysterics, had they seen one of they did injustice to their real merit by a pretension to pleasure. She had a long audienoe with Napoleon ; and our baskets filled with these animals, all alive and plump. something beyond it, and a pedantry completely national. he assigned her, besides a house, carriage, and domestics, Fortunately we had no tragedy queen or sentimental The fate of the young soldier interested all the domestics maintained at his expense, an annual income of six spinster at Henderson. Our Kentucky ladies mind their of the hotel, and the particulars of his friendless condi- thousand francs. Ho continued to preserve towards own affairs, and seldom meddle with those of others, tion reached the ear of Mademoiselle Agice through her Mademoiselle Agiee the most marked regard, often confarther than to do all they can for their comfort. The maid, who acquainted her at the same time with the sulting her even on the most important affairs. toads, colleeted one by one, and brought home in baskets, cruelty of the landlady, who threatened to send him to On the fall of Bonaparte, Mademoiselle Agiee lost the were deposited in a barrel for use. And now that night the hospital. The maid succeeded in awakening the house and the advantages he had conferred upon her; is over, and as it is the first trial we are going to give our sympathy of her mistress, who immediately sent for a

but I believe her pension was always regularly paid by trot-line, just watch our movements from that high bank physician, informing the hostess that she would answer the agents of Napoleon till her death, which happened beside the stream. There sit down under the large cotton all expenses, and that it was her pleasure that the sick in 18:22. It was from herself that I received the details I wood tree. You are in no danger of catching cold at this man should be removed, without delay, to a comfortable have given. It is easy to imagine with what animation chamber.

she descanted upon her hero ; even without partaking My assistant follows me with a gaff-hook, while I carry The humane waiting-maid, meanwhile, never quitted her enthusiasm, it was impossible not to listen to her the paddle of our canoe ; a boy bears on his back a hun. the chamber of the invalid whom she had taken so with interest. Besides, noble and generous sentiments dred toads as good as ever hopped. [Arriving at the sta- happily under her protection. Weakened by his illness, belong to our intellectual existence; no matter what tion, and the hooks being baited with toads, the line is which had been so aggravated by neglect, the young sol- country they belong to, or what are our opinions, the left in the river, and there it may patiently wait, until I dier was in a frightful state of delirium when the physi- emotions of the heart will not wait to consult our previsit it towards night. Now I take up my gun and note- cian visited him, and during the process of changing his judices. Mademoiselle Agiee died in the Hotel de la book, and, accompanied by my dog, intend to ramble apartment, so that, when he recovered his senses, he was Rouchefoucault, Faubourg du Roule, at Paris, of which through the

woods until breakfast. Who knows but I greatly astonished to find himself in a well-furnished she inhabited a small wing, after having quitted her may shoot a turkey or a deer? It is barely four o'clock; chamber, and believed himself dreaming. Near his bed house in the Place du Carousal. and see what delightful mornings we have at this season was his faithful nurse, whom he began to question, but in Kentucky! who contented herself with replying, that a friend, who

CONSUMPTION IN MAN AND THE LOWER Evening has returned. The heavens have already took an interest in him, had given orders that he should opened their twinkling eyes, although the orb of day has be properly attended. Days and even weeks passed

ANIMALS. yet scarcely withdrawn itself from our view. How calm thus, till at length the young soldier, recovering his The greater part of the sitting of the Parisian Academy is the air! The nocturnal insects and quadrupeds are strength, insisted on being informed to whom he was in of Science of July 25, was occupied with the reading of a abroad ; the bear is moving through the dark canebrake ; debted for so many benefits. There was, in the expres- paper by M. Rayer, on consumption in man and the the land-crows are flying towards their roosts; their aqua sion of his countenance, something that commanded re lower animals. M. Rayer remarks, that animals in a state tic brethren towards the interior of the forests; the squir- spect- which, perhaps, even excited fear: the good wo of nature are particularly subject to the development of rel is barking his adieu, and the barred owl glides silently man named her mistress, and with all possible delicacy | parasitical insects, but that, with few exceptions, they and swiftly from his retreat, to seize upon the gay and related to him the miserable circumstances in which she are not subject to tubercles in the lungs, or in any of the noisy animal. The boat is pushed off from the shore ; had found him. He intreated to see Mademoiselle Agiee, other organs. The case, however, is very different in the the main-line is in my hands; now it shakes ; surely some that he might lighten his heart of some of its gratitude. vertebrated classes in a state of domesticity and captivity, fish have been hooked. Hand over hand I proceed to the He was not yet able to rise, nor was he permitted to particularly in the former. In the monkey, when removed first hook. Nothing there. But now I feel several jerks read; but he was, nevertheless, sufficiently reinstated to from its native climate, phthisis is, he says, a very comstronger and more frequent than before. Several hooks feel the weight and weariness of an idle life. Mademoi- mon disease. M. Wolfthigel relates a case of a tiger I pass; but see! what a fine cat-fish is twisting round and selle Agiee consented to the demand of the young sol- affected with phthisis ; Perrault mentions a lion ; Youatt round the little line to which he is fast. Nat, look to dier, and paid him her first visit. She remained with and Martin speak of a tiger and a lion thus affected. your gaff'; hook him close to the tail. Keep it up, my him only a few moments, but promised to return and Owen found the same disease in a kinkajou. M. Rayer dear fellow. There now, we have him ! More are on, and bring him books, desiring him to make his choice, and states that he found tubercles and their excavations in we proceed. When we have reached the end, many goodly offering to read for him till he should no longer be for- the lungs of a jaguar. In the domestic dog consumption fishes are lying in the bottom of our skiff. New bait has bidden to occupy himself. He accepted her proposal is of rare occurrence, but inflammation of the lungs is been put on, and, as we return, I congratulate myself and with joy, and selected the “Life of Turenne," and a book very common. Of two hundred and forty-two dogs exmy companions on the success of our efforts, for there on geometry. Every day Mademoiselle Agiee passed amined, two were phthisical, and thirty-one had general lies fish enough for ourselves and our neighbours. some hours with the convalescent soldier, who listened symptoms of inflammation of the lungs. In the division

Several species or varieties of cat-fish are found in the eagerly as she read, often interrupting her to make ob of the animals called rongens, consumption is rare ; ex Ohio, namely, the blue, the white, and the mud cats, servations, which were always just, and sometimes very amples, however, have been found of this disease in which differ considerably in their fort and colour, as well striking. 'He did not seem easily inclined to confidence; rabbits, squirrels, and guinea-pigs, particularly when in as in their habits. The mud cat is the best, alt iogh it and it was not till some time had thus elapsed, that one a state of domesticity. M. Rayer could never discover seldom attains so great a size as the rest. The blue cat day, as if led on by a military ardour beyond his power tubercles in rats. M. Morand states that the prevailing is the coarsest, but when not exceeding from four to six to restrain, he began to speak of his projects to Made disease with the latter is stone in the kidneys. In the pounds, it affords tolerable eating. The white cat is pre- 1 moiselle Agiee : she smiled as she listened to him. “ In domestic and captive ruminating animals, for instance, in

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genital. M. Rayer also further adds, that ulcer of the have paid especial attention to those labourers who others, is the most likely to make our fortunes if comIrish famine, such were the unhappy circumstances of the and cows feed on it, so that it is no great loss to me. | doubly difficult to grow old with a good grace, especially

the stag and chamois, consumption is common. M. Rayer Irish press, entertained no expectation that they would

ADVICE TO LADIES. found hydatids and tubercles in the lungs of the camel. be read, or excite any interest whatever, in either England Sporner found several vormicæ and hydatids in the lungs or Scotland. He was not, however, without a strong con Captain Sabretash, in his lately published work, of the dromedary. Milch cows, particularly those in and fidence that, notwithstanding the wild and uncleared “The Art of Conversation,” gives the foilowing good near Paris, are frequently attacked with this disease. state of his own country at the time, so far as native lite-advice to ladies :—“My fair friends, never scold serThis is not, however, the case with milch goats ; but the rature was concerned, his two little pioneers would work vants. Instruct, reprove, admonish, as inuch as may she-ass is not entirely exempt. Hence, M. Rayer con their way with at least moderate success.

He felt con

be necessary ; give warning, or, if need be, turn the cludes that it would be more reasonable to prescribe to scious that everything depicted in them was true, and worthless out of the house, but never descend to scoldconsumptive patients the use of goats' milk than that of that, by those who were acquainted with the manners, ing or to the use of rude or harsh language ; for the ass, and the milk of the ass in preference to the milk and language, and feelings of the people, they would there is, in truth, something very undiguitied in served consumption, particularly in the female elephant. Irish life. In this confidence the event justified him; for the practice. There are no doubt plenty of bad Consumption,

attended with the ordinary symptoms not only were his volumes stamped with an immediate servants, but there are more bad masters and misobservable in man, has also been found in the pig, and in popularity at home, where they could be best appreciated, tresses in proportion, and for this very evident reason, the porpoise or sea-pig, aud in a variety of other animals. but awarded a very gratifying position in the literature that it is the object and interest of servants to please The relative frequency of consumption in man, in the dit- of the day by the unanimous and not less generous ver

their masters ; whereas the latter are independent of ferent races scattered over the world, is, says M. Rayer, dict of the English and Scotch critics.

the former, and need take no trouble about the matbut little known. It is, however, certain that negroes are Thus it was that the publication of two unpretending ter: and as there is effort on one side and none on the little subject to it in their native climes, although they volumes, written by a peasant's son, established an im- other, the result will naturally be on the side of those frequently fall victims to this dreadful disease in passing portant and gratifying fact-that our native country, if who make at least a fair attempt. Besides, bad masfrom one climate to another, especially when they remove without a literature at the time, was at least capable of ters often make bad servants, when the servants caninto northern latitudes ; on the contrary, certain animals, appreciating, and willing to foster, the humble exertions not well influence the conduct of the masters. And such as the reindeer, when conveyed from north to south, of such as endeavoured to create one. Nor was this all :

even the humble individual who writes these lines can die of tubercles in the lungs and other inflammatory for so far as resident authors were concerned, it was now symptoms. This has been particularly noticed in lamas. clearly established that an Irish writer could

be successful sorrow, and affliction fall upon poor servants, particu

assure the reader that he has known grief, shame, In the mammiferous animals, the pus' which is found in at home without the necessity of appearing under the larly female servants, owing to the undeserved harshtheir system is composed of granulated globules, but in name and sanction of the great London or Edinburgh their tubercles no such appearance has been observed. booksellers.”

ness with which they had been treated by ladies, who This distinction does not exist in birds, as was ascer We are glad of the success of Mr Carleton through the could be all smiles and blandness to persons of high tained by examining their morbid structure by means of agency of Dublin publishers; we are also glad that Irish degree. You do not know, my pretty dears, how the microscope. A chronic disease, with progressive booksellers have the spirit to compete with London and much a foolish fit of passion may ultimately give you wasting away, and the existence of small brown masses, Edinburgh houses ; but we take leave to say that, as a to answer for. easy of separation, similar to the small yellow grains in general principle, it ought to be a matter of indiffe If people could only see the undignified figure they the liver or other organs, are the only character of con rence whether Irish writers stay at home or remove to make when in a towering rage, the chances are that sumption in the various tribes of birds. The removal of England. Mr Carleton, like many persons, apparently they would contrive to keep their temper rather more animals from one climate to another, and from liberty to wishes to keep up distinctions of country, which it were within bounds. We may excuse anger, and even pascaptivity, is, as already observed, according to M. Rayer, well if completely obliterated. The three kingdoms of sion perhaps, where the name, fame, or character of the grand cause of consumption. He mentions, among England, Scotland, and Ireland, are now all one

; and of friends and relatives are assailed ; but to fly into a other animals thus affected, owls, parrots, fowls, pigeons, what consequence is it to the public at large where a per- fury about broken plates or overdone mutton, is to pheasants, the heron, the stork, bullfinch, the blackbird, son resides, or where his book is published—whether in the jay, and the magpie. M. Gruby declares that he has the county of Dublin, Mid-Lothian, or Middlesex ? Native show a want of mental composure, that few would found tubercles in the lungs of the frog, but M. Rayer literature! Native talent! It is with such terms that like to have described in its proper light and called states that he has never been able to ascertain the exist- mankind vex themselves, and keep alive feelings of strife by its proper name.

Recollect that servants are ence of any such lesion in this animal. Mr Harrison pre- and rivalry that ought for ever to be buried in oblivion. made of the same clay, and may possess feelings-kind, tends also to have found tuberculous matter in reptiles;

generous, and just feelings too-as well as their supeand M. Rayer mentions that he did find in a boa certain

riors ; and is it not casting a stain upon ourselves to deposits of matter analogous to the tuberculous secretion

AN EXAMPLE TO COUNTRY GENTLEMEN.

rail, with ignoble language, at those who are made in of other animals. He has great doubts, however, whether Amongst the instances of practical attention to the the same high image of which it is our best boast on any similar morbid changes are to be found in the organs improvement of the physical condition of labouring earth to bear the faintest impress ? Let us hear no of fishes and insects, contrary to the statement made by classes in the agricultural districts, I may notice the more of scolding servants, therefore: if you will scold, Messrs Harrison and Newport. In concluding this part following statement made to me by the late Mr Monck my dear lady fair, scold your husband ; and if he is a of his paper, M. Rayer says that tuberculous affections of Coley House, Reading, who had bestowed much sensible man, he will pat your cheek, give you a kiss, are the most common of the chronic diseases of animal life in the classes which he has named. Proceeding to

care upon the cottages on his own estate. It compre- and laugh at you for your pains.” some general considerations on the nature of consumption, these cottages and gardens,” said he, “affords an excelhends the provision adverted to :-" The care taken of

DECISION OF CHARACTER. he asserts that it is hereditary, but scarcely ever conlent criterion of the character of the labourers. I

There is a certain constitution of mind, which, of all larynx, of the windpipe, and of the bronchia, are not be found alike in man and in the

lower animals. In the have displayed cleanliness and order ; and I pay the bined with talent, or to mar them without it; for the human race these ulcers almost always indicate pul most respect to those who have achieved a situation characters who have a kind of mathematical decision monary consumption, and occasionally syphilis. As in of the greatest comfort, and keep themselves and their about them, which dictates that a straight line is the animals captivity and domesticity are the great causes of houses cleanly, and their children tidy. Formerly, the shortest distance between any two points, and that small consumption, so in man are misery and fatigue. He is cottages were in bad order, their pavements and win bodies with velocity have a greater momentum than decidedly of opinion that the proximate cause of tuber:dows were broken ; I had them all paved, and their large masses without it. Thus, they would rather use a culous consumption arises from changes in nutrition; and windows glazed. I told the cottagers that I did not cannon ball than a battering ram. With such minds, to hence he concludes that, in relation to tubercles, science, like to see shabby broken windows with patches of resolve and to act is instantaneous; they seem to preexcepting in rere.cases, is not only absolutely powerless paper and things stuffed in, or broken pavements which cede the march of time-to foresee events in the chiryas regards cure, but also as regards prevention. In wind- they could not

clean ; and that I disliked Irish filth, salis of their causes--and to seize that moment for exeing up his memoir, M. Rayer, in illustration of the excep- and all Irish habits' of living. I engaged, after the cution which others waste in deliberation.—Lacon. tions to the general principles which he has laid down as to these pathological changes, cites the case of a fox in a cottages were thoroughly repaired, to pay L.l a-year

THE INSOLVENT NEGRO. wild state, and the lungs of which were quite covered for repairing them. I undertook to make the repairs

A negro of one of the kingdoms on the African coast, with tubercles; and also that of a woman in savage life, myself, and deduct the expense from this L.l ; but if who had become insolvent, surrendered himself to his who died with all the symptoms of phthisical destrub

no repairs were wanted, they were to have the whole creditor ; who, according to the established custom of tion.- From a Newspaper.

L.l themselves. This course has, I find, formed habits the country, sold him to the Danes. This affected his

of care ; and their cottages are now so well taken care son so much, that he came and reproached his father for LOCAL DISTINCTIONS.

of, that very little deduction is made annually from not rather selling his children to pay his debts; and after In Mr Carleton's introduction to the new series of his

the L.l. Formerly, they used to chop wood carelessly much intreaty, he prevailed on the captain to accept "Traits and Stories of the Irish Peasantry;" he utters, in from the practice, or do it in a careful manner, to avoid and on the point of sailing to the West Indies when the

on their pavements, and break them ; now they abstain hiin, and liberate his father. The son was put in chains, settlement of Irish writers in England, thus, as he alleges, losing the money. In the winter, I give them two depriving their native country of the direct benefit of score of faggots towards their fuel. I have found that through the means of Mr Isert, he sent for the owner of their labours. by this means I save my hedges and fences, and am

the slaves, paid the money that he had given for the old

man, and restored the son to his father.-Perey Anec“A nation," he observes, “may produce one man or ten pecuniarily no loser, whilst pilfering habits are re

dotes, men of eminence, but if they cannot succeed in impressing pressed. Since the enclosures have been made, I their mind upon the spirit and intellect of their own ihink some place should be provided for the exercise

WOMEN OF FORTY AND FIFTY. country, so as to create in her a taste for literature or and recreation of the working-classes, and especially The man who is ashamed of his poverty would be proud science, no matter how highly they may be appreciated for their children. I have set out four acres at Old of his riches ; but though many a hobble-de-hoy blushes by strangers, they have not reached the exalted purposes worth as a play-ground for the children, or whoever at looking so young, he makes no boast of his years when of genius. To make this more plain, I shall extend the

likes to play. They have now their cricket-matches, he comes to be a grey-beard. To women, whose youth country, that she was exporting provisions of every description in the most prodigal abundance, which the gene

as they approach that semi-centenarian bourne, beyond I let it for L.4 a-year to a man, on condition that he which, unless they possess the Medean secret of Ninon rosity of England was sending back again for our support.

cuts the hedges and keeps it neat. I have surrounded de l'Enclos, they cannot hope to extend the preservation So was it with literature. Our men and women of genius it with a double avenue of trees. The sheep and cows of their good looks. None of them can expect to rival a uniformly carried their talents to the English market, do good to the ground, as they keep the grass under, living, I might say an undying, contemporary, who will whilst we laboured at home under all the dark privations which allows the ball to run. I give prizes to the be known as middle-age Hallam, even when he shall have of a literary famine.

boys at the school, which is maintained by the cot- accomplished his three-score years and ten. Women In truth, until within the last ten or twelve years, an tagers themselves, and to which I contribute nothing aspire not to any such mediæval celebrity, for to them Irish author never thought of publishing in his own but the prizes for reading, writing, and knitting. the middle ages are the dark ages. It was said of a lady, country, and the consequence was, that our literary men Many persons accuse the poor of ingratitude, but I who had just completed her fourth decade, and wlio followed the example of our great landlords ; they became find them the most grateful people alive for these played very loudly on the piano, while she never alluded absentees, and drained the country of its intellectual little attentions. And what do they all cost me? Why, to her age except in a whisper, that she was forte upon wealth precisely as the others exhausted it of its rents. Thus did Ireland stand in the singular anomaly of not more altogether than the keep of one fat coach- her piano, but piano upon her forty. But the trial of

trials comes ten years later. To that female, therefore, adding some of her most distinguished names to the lite horse.” —Chadwick's Sanatory Report.

be awarded the palm of fortitudinis fortitudo fortissima, rature of Great Britain, whilst she herself remained in

who has shown that she knows how to bear her fifty-tudo capable of presenting anything to the world beyond a The following calculation of a late weekly return of with fortitude.- New Manthly Magazine. school-book or a pamphlet; and even of the latter, it is 38 railways, 1387 miles in length, will be of interest :well known that if the subject of it were considered im- Number of passengers on 25 railways 315,986), conseportant, and its author a man of any talent or station in quently the total for the week must be about 400,000. W. 8. Ora, Paternoster Row.

LONDON: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by society, it was certain to be published in London. The receipts for passengers on 37 railways L.68,087, 16s.

Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars. first volumes of the Traits and Stories of the Irish Peas- total 1.84,217, 1s. 6d. This is an average of 1.63 per publishers or their agents ; also, any

odd numbers to complete Precisely in this state was the country when the two 3d. ; ditto for goods on 31 railways L.16,129, 5s. 3d. ;

Complete sets of the Journal are always to be had from the a: try' were given to the public by the house of Messrs , mile per week. The traffic, therefore, is certainly at the Curry and Co. of Sackville Street. Before they appeared, rate of about L.4,000,000 a-year, and carrying 15,000,000 of pages and contents, have only to give them into the hands of any

Persons requiring their volumes bound along with titletheir author, in consequence of their originating from an passengers.-- Railway Magazine,

bookseller, with orders to that effect.

RAILWAY TRAFFIC.

sets.

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF “ CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”

“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,” &c.

NUMBER 558.

SATURDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1842.

Price 13d.

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the other, the striking outline of pinnacled St AnGOSSIP ABOUT GOLF.

as his partner ; and as one of the expert gentlemen is drews behind, and in front the distant hills of a little more expert than the other, a small odds is It is curious to observe how even such a matter as Perth and Forfar shires, extending from the central allowed to make up the inequality. The first thing to sport is determined by local circumstances. Cricket Grampians down to the Red Head near Arbroath, the be done is to put on the light scarlet coat of the Club, may be said to be a natural result of the existence of whole scene is something more than beautiful ; the a cap, and a pair of strongly nailed shoes, the last being the village greens of England. In like manner, Golf very spaciousness of a view commanding objects much necessary to give a firm footing on the green while exists in Scotland by virtue of the previous existence more than a hundred miles distant from each other, playing the long strokes. Each man has his cady of a certain peculiar kind of waste ground called links. affects the beholder in an uncommon manner. At behind him carrying his clubs and balls. We take Links are chiefly found along the shores of the l'irth one end is what may be called the Golf Settlement, our station at the starting hole, and the first thing to of Forth and the neighbouring coasts, being low un comprehending the Club-house with its flag-staff, be done is to tee the balls, of which each party or side dulating tracts composed of sand which has been houses for the makers of clubs and balls, and lodgings has one. The cady of the gentleman who is to play blown up from the sea, and covered with a slight occupied by the more unfailing of the members. At the first stroke, takes the ball and puts it upon the herbage, varied here and there by patches of broom that spot begins the series of holes, which extends top of a small lump of sand, merely to give it that proand furze. They are generally common to the in- curvingly outwards to the amount of nine from the minence above the ground which will make it a fair habitants of the nearest town, by whom they are starting one, along a tract which may be easily dis- object for the stroke. This is teeing. He then gives devoted statedly to the feeding of a few sheep or tinguished from the rest of the ground by its being his master the play-club, which is the implement geese, and occasionally to purposes of recreation and comparatively feet-worn. Day after day, from a to be used when the ball lies unusually fair for a amusement. Thus there are links at Leith, Mussel time beyond record, between the hours of eleven and stroke. The club-part of this instrument is a piece burgh, and Gullane, on the south side of the Firth, five, have groups of golfers been seen pacing that of wood about four inches long, lined with horn and at Kirkaldy, Dunbarnie, Crail, and St Andrews, course, in pursuit of their half-meditative game, equally below, and loaded with lead behind, having a straight on the north side—all of them, but especially the last, regardless of summer's heat and winter's cold, of the face slightly sloping backwards. Its handle is a slender being fine open cheerful expanses of ground, albeit of scorching sunshine and the rain, if, indeed, it be not shaft of hard elastic wood (generally hiccory), thickenlittle more than nominal value in the eye of the rural a fact which is usually spoken as a jest at St Andrews, ing upwards to the part where it is grasped by the economist. On these prairies of the north, the game that it never rains on the links.” Certainly, if it hands of the player, and where it is lined with strips of golf, which is said to be of Dutch extraction, has does ever rain there, the wet instantly disappears of thin leather. The handle is of such a length, and it been naturalised for hundreds of years, without spread through the sandy ground, leaving the sward as firm is attached to the club part at such an angle, that the ing to other places, and this simply because in no and dry as before. I may here as well mention that player, having the ball about two feet in front of him, other places is there ground adapted for the sport. the present Club-called Royal in consequence of the can easily strike it off, having first made the club A links (there is no distinct singular for the word) patronage of the late king, William IV., who bestowed swing back to his left side, so as to gain a purchase. and golf go, it may be said, hand in hand together. a gold medal upon it-dates from 1754, and has at The first stroke is generally one which tells well in Where there is no links there can properly be no all times included the names of the most considerable respect of distance, as the ball lies unusually fair, golf; and where there is a links, there golf is as sure men of the district, as also those of many of the best and the club used is that which strikes most powerto be as a public-house by the side of a stable-lane, or players of other places. Four times a-year, the mem fully. Some are so great in driving, or swiping, as the dandelion and groundsil where there is nothing bers meet to contend for the various medals connected this feat is variously called, as to make the ball go to else.

with the institution ; after which there is always a a distance not easily credited. I have heard that, on But what sort of game is this said golf? Why, to festive meeting. The Club-house is used as a recep- one occasion, in frosty weather, a good player made speak of it with a regard merely to its materialities, tacle for the implements and dresses of the members, his ball go two hundred and eighty yards. One of my it is a game played with clubs of a peculiar form, and and connected with it there is a reading-room for such own acquaintance assures me that he has played one balls. Holes of a size fit to admit an ordinary-sized of these gentlemen as choose to subscribe to it. to two hundred and sixty yards. Much of this effect tumbler are made in the ground in a series, at the It is about two o'clock of a fine August day, when, is of course due to the nature of the ball, which, felt distance of from three to four hundred yards from after a forenoon of useful avocations, I pop into the in the hand, seems as hard as a stone, but rebounds each other. The player is furnished with a ball of club-house to glance at the papers, and be in the way tremendously under a powerful appulsion. about an inch and a half in diameter, formed of of any agreeable temptation that may arise. All is Our game is for a trifle, as is the general practice leather stuffed as hard as possible with feathers; and emptiness and silence within and without, for there at St Andrews. For reasons good, the two inexperithis he plays from hole to hole with his club, he and are no visiting members, and many of even the resi- enced players, who may be called Messrs Rawson and his opponent contending which shall get it holed by dent ones are gone, some to grouse-shooting, some to Greene, are appointed to strike off. Mr Greene the smallest number of strokes. This is all that a man watering-places, some here and some there. Most of makes a happy-looking stroke, and thinks he has of no soul and not a golfer would see in the game, and the cadies, as the servants who carry clubs are called, been doing worthy service to his side ; but lo! his all that he would say in description of it ; but it would have gone to work at the harvest, in pure despair of ball lights upon a cart-track some hundred yards not be a more correct definition than that celebrated so much as one job per day, leaving only one or two onwards, where a second stroke will probably be found one of the sport of angling, “a stick and a string,” to attend to the business of the green—who are to be no easy matter. This, you must understand, good &c. To appreciate golf fully, it must be studied in seen leaning listlessly against the corners of distant reader, is one of the hazards of the game. A very some such school as that of St Andrews, where its houses, as if they thought employment a thing more expert player would fall short or go beyond ; but Mr whole character is fully developed, in consequence at to be wished for than expected. John Ness, porter to Greene is upon the road—“to ruin,” as the St Andrews once of the admirably adapted ground, and the enthu- the club-house, and who is also a cady, seated on the joke goeth. Well, but what is Mr Rawson about ? Mr siasm of the votaries.

low wall near the door, is heard through the open Rawson is a gentleman excessively anxious to do great This quiet venerable university town, where lite- window remarking to a passing acquaintance, that things. He plays as an insane steam-engine would do. rary and philosophical society is agreeably mixed with things are most uncommon dull just now. An old See how he musters strength, how he straddles for miscellaneous persons in independent circumstances, gentleman is poring over the Standard ; but he has a posture, with what frenzied anxiety he eyes his happens to be skirted by a links of more than two for some years retired from sport, so that nothing is ball! Gemini ! what a swipe he takes—there he is miles in extent, a fine rolling field, as the Americans to be looked for from him. However, Colonel Elder down upon it-and, behold .... the ball runs some would describe it, bearing herbage and furze, and, as has been practising for an hour or two on the green ten yards, and stops ! The undisguisable fact is, that usual, open for the recreation of the inhabitants. St near the house, playing his balls to short distances, Mr Rawson has topped his ball ; that is, he has hit it Andrews is confessedly the Melton of golf, for no unable to get a partner, and, seeing me approach, on the crown of its head, and his force has been mostly other place presents ground nearly so well adapted he sends in to ask if I will come and play with him. squandered in vain. Captain Strong, his partner, is for the amusement, or which is the haunt of so many This makes two, but a foursome is considered the too much a gentleman to make a single remark. He players. The links is entirely composed of sand preferable game, and we wait a few minutes longer asks for his long spoon, which the cady hands to

up from the sea, upon a spot where the waves in the hope of two more gentlemen appearing. As him. This is a club in all respects resembling the must have once held sway, for the ancient sea-cliff our good stars will have it, Captain Strong and another driver, excepting in its face being slightly curved, is still distinctly traceable along the inland verge, gentleman heave in sight, and the match is then and more angular, so as to catch up a ball lying although now softened down by time, and reduced made up. There are two skilful and experienced in grass. The captain is unerring and powerful, to tillage, pasture, and pleasure-ground. With this players, and two tyros, I being of the latter descrip- and his stroke almost repairs the disaster of his

on one side, and the German Ocean on tion. Each good player takes one of the other kind partner. He is said to have played the odds; that

blown

fine slope

is, one stroke more than the stroke on the other side. | Club has a lithographed plan of the course, in which forehand, and very difficult to be effected after it has The ball of this side being propelled farther than the all the bunkers, as well as other features of the ground, been calculated. Sometimes, as we have seen, he

are laid down by name with all the care exercised in tops his ball, which is not favourable to its progress ; point where the other is lying, it is now Colonel indicating sand-banks and sunk rocks in a mariner's sometimes, hitting too low, he strikes what the wit of Elder's turn to play: he is said to play the like ; that chart. llere, too, of course, the holes are all duly the links calls the greater ball (namely, the earth) is, the stroke which makes the one side equal with the noted, each having its appropriate name, as the Bridge without touching the lesser (namely, the golf-ball), or, other. The ball being found deep in the loose earth Hole, the Heathery Hole, the Hole o' Cross, and the at the best, raises the latter high in the air, without of the cart-track, he calls for the iron ; that is, a club Hole o' Shell, while one, where an old woman some sending it on any considerable way. Then he may

times waits to sell refreshments for bethirsted players, stand unfair, or he may drar his stroke, and thereby with a comparatively short handle and a heavy spoon is called the Ginger Beer Ilole. An exact knowledge send the ball off the course, which is one of the most like termination of iron, designed for exercising great of the topography of the links may well be supposed fatal of misfortunes. There is a space between holes force upon a ball lying in a difficult situation. The

to be of the greatest consequence, where the ground containing ground of an unusually rough character, colonel uses the tool so dexterously, that the ball is is so various and in general so difficult.

which bears a name not to be freely mentioned to ears sent a good way onward, and laid in a good place for

Mr Rawson now plays, and makes so good a stroke, polite. Some powerful players there are who can, in Mr Greene's next effort. But ah ! see a little in front, that the colonel remarks, in his dry way, that he pro- the words of a clever local poem, send a ball “smack

mises ere long to be quite an artist. Mr Greene strikes over — at one immortal go ;" lighting upon a finc good reader, a treacherous trench zig-zagging across

next, and, eager to avoid a bunker right in the centre, expanse boyond called the Elysian Fields. But the the green, the channel, to wit, of the Swilkin burn, or sends his ball into the long deer's grass which skirts penalty of failure is so great, in consequence of the rivulet, which has chosen to make its exit into the the course. The colonel plays it out with his iron at vast sand-pits lying below, that most players, even of sea in this most improper situation. The law of the the odds, when, being still behind the position of the gocd skill, are content to take a somewhat less rough links is, that when a ball is sent into the channel of opposite party's ball, Mr Greene has to play it again, by-course, which they generally pass over at tivo

tlus counting tro more, or an excess of two over the strokes, or three at most. There is another hole, this burn, it must be lifted out and laid on the rear

strokes of the adversary. Captain Strong now, play- from which the first stroke sends the ball over a hilbank, with the loss of a stroke in the reckoning. Mring one off tro, gives his ball one of those vigorous and lock in front, with numerous pitfalls beyond, which Greene is most anxious to carry his ball over this dif- well-managed strokes which distinguish him so much, are only to be escaped by mere favour of fortune. ficulty, and for that purpose uses the long spoon, and causes it, clear flying over all dangers, to alight Then there are furzy places, where, when a man which is calculated to raise it well off the ground. It about ten yards from the hole. Following up this ad sends his ball, his antagonist asks if he designs to

vantage with good putting, the captain and Mr Raw- go a-bare-hunting . and, in fact, there is a tradigoes over . . . he breathes again ... but who can

son are triumphant.“ Dat is one hole in my side, as tion amongst the cadies, of an errant player having calculate at golf ? See ! as it rolls onward along tlie the Pole said,” remarks Captain Strong, referring to a one day killed a hare with his ball. Too often, when grass, it meets a back-sweeping angle of the deceitful foreigner who was a player at St Andrews some years a ball falls in such a place, it is never more seen. Swilkin, into which it disappears. Mr Greeno is in ago. This is one of the established jokes of the links. There are also rusly places most easy to be got into, despair, and the colonel looks grave. But there is no

On inquiry, I learned that, when his opponent jocu- but most consumedly difficult to get out of the stalks

larly asked him “ which side ?" the countryman of of that herbage blunting the strokes of the heaviest avoiding accidents, and one beautiful moral feature of Kosciusko very smartly replied, “ De right side, to be clubs : here an antagonist, if too polite to fall a-laughgolf is, that you never come by any misfortune without sure.”

ing, is sure at least to whistle up the first bar or two having tolerable hopes that an equally great one will Tee again, and now it is Messrs Rawson and Greene's of “Green grow the rashes 01" for a gentle joke is befall your neighbour next minute. Mr Rawson, turn to strike off. Let them take care, for there are dearly loved at golf. There is one hole placed only at however, has been more fortunate this time, for he off to receive a ball at the end of a moderate flight. with tremendous bunkers between, into which inex

two small but dangerous bunkers exactly far enough the distance of one full stroke from the other, but gets over the burn splendidly, and has laid his ball Mr Greene escapes the peril for this time ; his ball is perienced players can scarcely avoid falling. It is near the hole. When balls have advanced to this seen lying clear on the sward at a very fair distance. amongst the marvellous stories of the links that a situation, a new kind of play, called putting (u being Mr Rawson does his best. As there is a breeze at the deceased professor of the aniversity once holed his sounded as in bull), comes into requisition. It is per- time, he drives straight for the bunker, expecting that ball here at one stroke, an event against which the formed with a short light club, with a straight and

the wind will carry him the necessary distance aside. chances must have been very great indeed ; yet

But the breeze lulls for a moment, and the ball takes he, after all, lost the hole, as he could not find his vertical face, and consists in slight careful strokes,

a low course, where wind does not much affect it, and ball till it was too late. A tolerably good player designed to bring the ball close to the hole, or into it. accordingly he proceeds in the line of danger. Some would be glad to do it at three, and a tyro, if unforSome men are good putters without being good driv- think he has gone in, some not, but we shall soon see. tunate in the sand pits, would perhaps take so many ers, while others are good drivers, but fail in putting, He is in--snug at the base of the little sand-cliff, as half a dozen. It may here be observed, that the

whole round of the course-eighteen holes in all-is having perhaps more strength than nicety. It is a of the opposite party is the first to ascertain the fact, generally done by good players at from 100 to 105 feat requiring great calculation of forces, and of the and the gentlemen of that party give an “Ah, in- strokes, though there are instances of its being done amount of friction which the nature of the ground to deed!" with an air of concern as seeming sincere as at so few as 90, and even, if cadies speak truth, at 87. be passed over will occasion ; and no man without good could reasonably be expected. Strong takes his iron, I must, by the way, remark of cadies, that they are mechanical faculties can possibly excel in it. It is and, making the best of a bad case, brings the ball generally a faithful and zealous class of servants. They often amusing to see how a good player is disconcerted what more fair. Rawson plays it out at two more, and rary master, carefully directing him if unskilful, gently

spinning into the bottom of the pit, where it lies some take the keenest interest in the play of their tempoby a false step in putting, and how eager he is to find at three more Strong gives it one of his famous strokes

. counselling him if otherwise, and always feeling deeply palliations for his failure. “ That blade of grass The colonel now plays one of three, and even excels both his successes and his failures. I have heard a turned me aside !" “ I was disturbed by your mov the last stroke. Things look rather bad for Strong cady sigh with genuine grief at a false stroke of his ing.” “ Your shadow on the green put me out.” and Rawson; but nil desperandum. And truly may employer, and often observed that those against whose Such are the excuses daily heard wrung from men

this be said; for observe Mr Greene, in endeavouring masters the game is going, walk along in as dispirited

with his short spoon to cant the ball over a bunker, a condition as if the loss were their own. Some of who putt amiss. In fact, the exigency of the moment so as to make it fall fair on the green beside the hole, them are extremely good players, having perhaps had is, like oppression, sufficient to make a wise man mad. has-oh! ye stars-gone in. Elder eyes the ball rue- the advantage of learning the game in their earliest Well, the colonel and Mr Greene have as yet rather fully, but thinks he may repair the calamity. He boyhood. There is a ball-maker, Allan Robertson by the worst of the hole. But the colonel is a capital takes his iron, and, striking deeply into the sand be name, who, besides having the highest character for putter, and a surprising hand at a stcal; that is, a

his wares, is reputed to be the best player at St Anneath, not only gets it out, but places it within a

yard of the hole. I'hat stroke was one off two. Captain drews, and consequently in Scotland - I may as well holing of the ball from a considerable distance. By | Strong has now to play two more from a grassy place add, in the world! This is an eminence which golfers one of these feats he makes up for the misadventure about ten yards off. For this he takes a short club not must needs admire ; and in the little world of the of the burn, and leaves the hole even with the anta- yet adverted to, called the clcek, the striking part of links, men of estate and title will be heard speaking gonist party.

which consists of a thick slip of smooth iron, with its of worthy Allan as if he were a kind of king amongst We tee again, and the colonel and captain play ward. It is useful for tilting a ball out of a rough face inclined at an angle of forty-five degrees back them.

I have here chanced to advert to a day when only off for the next hole. There are no more cart- place near the hole. He plays like an adept, and one match is out; but often there may be seen five tracks, no more burns, but no want of difficulties places his ball right between the other and the hole- or six playing along after one another-occasion. for all that. All along the golfing course there is in the language of the links, a stymie. It is now Mr ing such a pell-mell of balls, that quiot promonaders every here and there to be seen a yawning sand- reach the hole

, with a rival's ball directly in the way of leisure are out every day, and never make less than

are fain to give the course a wide berth. Some men pit, called in the technology of the links a bunker, The cadies stand round with suspended breath. Úr two rounds before dinner, often three, each round which a stranger would suppose it a piece of gross Greene scans the ground even to its slightest inclina- being a walk of four miles, to say nothing of the exernegligence in the club to leave un-filled-up for a tions, and seems to mark every blade of grass. He cise of playing, so that it may well be supposed the single day, but which is in reality valued as amongst goes behind, and, shutting one eye, carefully notes on golfers are a healthy people. Generally, they are the most important features of the ground, bunkers which side of the interposed ball there is most room quiet country gentlemen, or retired officers of the being hazards from which only skilful players may modically in his hands, he stands in a rigid pause

of To judge from the perseverance of its votaries, the

army or navy; but several of the professors also play. have any hope of escaping. Right in front of the about a minute, and plays. His ball just grazes the game is a most fascinating one :-only, perhaps, too teeing-place in this case, there is one gaping in the other, and takes its place about six inches from the much so, if it be true, which the non-golfing world hither side of a knoll, which is sure to catch a ball hole.' Mr Rawson now putts at the like, and seems allege, that genuine denizens of the links can connot well raised, at once stopping short its career, and to have an easy task, as his ball is only eighteen inches verse during the evenings upon no other subject; placing it in a situation from which it is difficult to from the hole. But the least over-exertion of strength but this I am inclined to think something of a strike it out. Our two players are over this ; but baulks the simplest movements in golf; and, this calumny. They usually continue to enjoy it to an Messrs Rawson and Greene, who have to play the next being the case at present, behold his ball just wheels advanced age, the healthiness of the exercise being strokes, see others at convenient distances before them round the rim of the hole, and lies without. Colonel itself favourable to longevity; and there is at least along the course. The bunkers are in fact a sad an

Elder is in at the odds, and so that hole is divided one authentic instance of a gentleman playing till after all.

considerably past eighty. When unable any longer noyance to the novice. The holes in some cases are "Twere long to tell of every hole in the round; but to play in the usual manner, they resort to what plantod in the midst of a set of them, calling for very yet, if this were done, there would be novel circum- are called the short holes a series placed in a small peculiar skill in bringing up the balls. But to a true stances in each, for there is no space between any two circle near the golf-house, where, of course, the player they are the principal charm of the game. As a holes exactly or even nearly like another, and conse- play consists of putting alone. This breaks the fall proof of this, it was lately mentioned in the Fife news- quently every step in the player's progress gives occa- from the high estate of the long-hole play; and one papers that a set of natives of the district, resident at something new in his fortune. Sometimes he has to something like the same mixture of melancholy

sion to something peculiar in his play, and probably regards a couple of seniors at the short holes with Bombay, had begun to golf on the government espla- allow for the wind, sometimes for the dryness or wet- and satisfaction with which he sees a set of good old pade, and enjoyed their sport greatly, altlıough, it

ness, as well as for the roughness or bareness, of the hunters turned out into a comfortable park. They must be confessed, they found the ground very defi- sward. Sometimes he must, in putting, allow for can also pop along the green for a hole or two after cient in the proper irregularitios-meaning, chiefly, swelling or sloping ground, and approach the hole by their juniors, and make remarks on the play of mobunkers. I may here mention that the Royal Golf a sort of sweep or curve, difficult to be calculated be- dern times in comparison with that of the great hands

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