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in some streets each house contains a number of dis- the fête of St Louis, and therefore sacred at once to affirmation by one knock, a negative by two, and its tinct establishments—the cellar laid out as tan-pits, devotion and merriment. The public highway lead- displeasure by a kind of scratching: The child was the next Hoor a workshop, the next two or three as ing to Basle, at the distance of about a mile, was then put into bed along with her sister, and the clerdwelling-houses, and the uppermost a drying loft for thronged very much, but not a single instance of in- gymen examined the bed and bed-clothes to satisfy tobacco. Statistical returns respecting the mode of toxication came under our notice ; and so, in the midst themselves that no trick was played, by knocking living in the walled towns of France, of which I think of hundreds of good-humoured excursionists, we were upon any substance concealed among the clothes. As Strasburg must be among the most vile, disclose a carried forward as in a flood towards the gates of this on the previous night, the bed was observed to shake state of things too painful to be entered upon. venerable member of the Helvetic republic. As the violently.

Besides the monument of Kleber, the town has Swiss confederation, to its honour be it spoken, has After some hours, during which they all waited recently been ornamented with a statue of Guttem no custom-house to torment travellers arriving within with exemplary patience, the mysterious knocking berg, the inventor of printing, who produced some of its territory, we were subjected to no sort of stoppage was leard in the wall, and the child declared that she his earliest works here. Nobody can object to these in entering Basle, and were driven at once to our saw the ghost of poor Fanny. The following questions memorials of respect from the inhabitants; but surely hotel, the excellent and well-known house, the Drei were then gravely put by the clergyman, through the the best monument of Guttemberg is a free press, Könige, or Three Kings, placed on the very brink of medium of one Mary Frazer, the servant of Parsons, which the French unfortunately have not ; and, in the green and rapidly flowing Rhine.

and to whom it was said the deceased lady had been the present state of matters with the Strasburgians,

much attached. The answers were in the usual it should, I imagine, be drains first, and public em

fashion, by a knock or knocks :bellisbinents afterwards.

HAUNTED HOUSES.

• Do you make this disturbance on account of the It was with no small gratification, that, at ten | We have found much amusement in a work recently ill usage you received from Mr Kent ?' *Yes.' o'clock, on a beautiful Sunday morning, we took our published under the title of “ Memoirs of Extraor

• Were

you brought to an untimely end by poison ! seats in the omnibus which was to convey us to the dinary Popular Delusions,” the author of which is ‘Yes.' station of the railway for Basle, situated a mile or two Mr Charles Mackay, known as a frequent contribu How was the poison administered-in beer or in from the gates of the town. The road was crowded tor to some of the metropolitan periodicals, and as the purl?' 'In purl.' with parties, bound for holiday excursions; and when writer of “The Thames and its Tributaries,” as well How long was that before your death ?' 'About we arrived at the terminus of the railway, we found as other productions of a light-literary kind.* It may three hours.' the place literally like a fair, with hundreds of men be said to consist of an extension of ideas slightly

* Can your former servant, Carrots, give any inforand women, in their best attire, waiting for the arrival touched upon in the article headed “Moral Epide- mation about the poison?'. Yes.' of the train. The chemin de fer had been opened only mics,” which appeared in the present Journal. The • Are you Kent's wife's sister?' 'Yes.' a week or two before, and was highly popular. Ex- Crusades, and various other cases of popular frenzy,

•Were you married to Rent after your sister's tending to a length of between eighty and ninety form the objects of Mr Mackay’s notice; and he writes death?" No. miles, it is, I believe, the largest work of the kind of them in a lively, spirited, and sensible manner. As Was any body else, besides Kent, concerned in yet accomplished by the French government; and for the “Witch Mania” and other common delusions have your murder?. 'No.? such a backward country as France, may be considered been recently discussed here at some length, we prefer * Can you, if you like, appear visibly to any one ?' a really wonderful undertaking. Whether it will ulti- to give, as a specimen of his work, a portion of the conmately answer as a pecuniary speculation, I have no cluding chapter on “Haunted Houses.” The first

Will you do so ?' “Yes.' means of judging ; but as it affords by far the readiest place, in a selection from cases of this nature, is justly 'Can you go out of this house ? "Yes.' mode of reaching Switzerland, cutting off a tedious due to the renowned Ghost of Cock Lane, which created

"Is it your intention to follow this child about every voyage in the steamer against the impetuous current a wonderful sensation in London at thé period of its where ? Yes.' of the Rhine, or the equally tiresome journey by voi- supposed appearance :-“At the commencement of Are you pleased in being asked these questions ?' ture, it is likely to meet with encouragement. As is the year 1760, there resided in Cock Lane, near West Yes.' the case with all the railways on the continent, the Smithfield, in the house of one Parsons, the parish

• Does it ease your troubled soul?' 'Yes.' fares are remarkably low. For three places in a first clerk of St Sepulchre's, a stockbroker named Kent. [Here there was heard a mysterious noise, which class carriage, we were

charged, for the whole distance The wife of this gentleman had died in childbed some wiseacre present compared to the fluttering of to Basle, no more than 41 francs 85 centimes, or about during the previous year, and his sister-in-law, Miss wings.] lis. 6d. for each person. Fanny, had arrived from Norfolk to keep his house How long before your death did you

tell

your serThe train, after a little delay, having arrived, it was for him. They soon conceived a mutual affection, and vant, Carrots, that you were poisoned-an hour ?' in a few minutes filled with passengers of all classes, each of them made a will in the other's favour. They · Yes.' and went off at a rapid and steady pace, the confidence lived some months in the house of Parsons, who, being

(Carrots, who was present, was appealed to; but of our party in the locomotive not being lessened by a needy man, borrowed money of his lodger. Some she stated positively that such was not the fact, as the perceiving the word Manchester engraved on a plate difference arose betwixt them, and Mr Kent left the deceased was quite speechless an hour before her on its side. The line of route proceeds through the house, and instituted legal proceedings against the death. This shook the faith of some of the spectaancient district of Alsace, the bulk of which is a broad parish clerk for the recovery of his money,

tors, but the examination was allowed to continue.] strip of land between the Vosges mountains on our While this matter was yet pending, Miss Fanny

How long did Carrots live with you? Three or right and the Rhine on the left. In the course of the was suddenly taken ill of the small-pox, and, not with four days.' journey, the train stopped frequently at villages to standing every care and attention, she died in a few (Carrots was again appealed to, and said that this take up and set down passengers, a number of whom days, and was buried in a vault under Clerkenwell was true.] were dressed in the peculiar costume once prevalent church. Parsons now began to hint that the poor

• If Mr Kent is arrested for this murder, will he in Alsace. The figures of the women were highly lady had come unfairly by her death, and that Mr confess ?.. Yes.' picturesque. The various parts of the attire were of Kent was accessory to it, from his too great eagerness

* Would your soul be at rest if he were hanged for different brilliant colours, and from the fancifully to enter into possession of the property she had be- it?' _.Yes.' decorated head there generally depended a stream of queathed him. Nothing further was said for nearly Will he be hanged for it?' 'Yes.' ribbons or beads. One young female, whose dress we two years ; but it would appear that Parsons was of

LE

'How long a time first !' "Three years.' scrutinised, was gaily set out in a scarlet petticoat and so revengeful a character that he had never forgotten How many clergymen are there in this room!" blue apron, surmounted by a green body ornamented or forgiven his differences with Mr Kent, and the in- | · Three." with gold flowers ; she had also a highly embroidered dignity of having been sued for the borrowed money. How many negroes ?' 'Two.' stomacher, a white linen jacket, laid in plaits down | The strong passions of pride and avarice were silently

• Is this watch (held up by one of the clergymen) the breast, a flashy silk handkerchief round the neck ; at work during all that interval, hatching schemes of white?' No.? and on her head was a black cap, embroidered with revenge, but dismissing them one after the other as

• Is it yellow?' 'No.' gold and white beads, tied at the top with an enor- impracticable, until at last a notable one suggested

"Is it blue?' 'No.' mous bow of black ribbons. The head-dress was itself. About the beginning of the year 1762, the

Is it black ? almost universally black, and in most cases thickly alarm was spread over all the neighbourhood of Cock

[The watch was in a black shagreen case.] sprinkled with golden flowers sewed in the material. Lane, that the house of Parsons was haunted by the

• At what time this morning will you take your The shape and appearance of the women by no means ghost of poor Fanny, and that the daughter of Par- departure ? corresponded with these gaieties of attire. Their sons, a girl about twelve years of age, had several

The answer to this question was four knocks, very figures were generally uncouth, probably from severe times seen and conversed with the spirit, who had, distinctly heard by every person present; and accordtoil in the fields, and the faces of some of the most moreover, informed her that she had not died of the ingly, at four o'clock precisely, the ghost took its deaged, ensconced in antique glittering hoods, were so small-pox, as was currently reported, but of poison parture to the Wheatsheaf public-house, close by, brown and puckered as scarcely to appear human. administered by Mr Kent. Parsons, who originated, where it frightened mine host and his lady almost

As we approached the termination of our excursion, took good care to countenance these reports ; and, in out of their wits, by knocking in the ceiling right above the signs of manufacturing industry became more and answer to numerous inquiries, said his house was

their bed. more apparent, in the form of factories with tall every night, and had been for two years, in fact ever

The rumour of these occurrences very soon spread chimneys; and Mulhausen, which we closely passed, since the death of Fanny, troubled by a loud knocking over London, and every day Cock Lane was rendered was to all appearance a manufacturing town in the at the doors and in the walls. Having thus prepared impassable by the crowds of people who assembled course of rapid extension. Twenty thousand work the ignorant and credulous neighbours to believe or

around the house of the parish clerk, in expectation men, I am told, are employed in this busy town and exaggerate for themselves what he had told them, he of either seeing the ghost or of hearing the mysteits vicinity, chiefly in the preparation of printed sent for a gentleman of a higher class in life to come

rious knocks. It was at last found necessary, so calicoes and silks. Mulhausen was at one time the and witness these extraordinary occurrences. The clamorous were they for admission within the haunted capital of a Swiss canton, but the district has been gentleman came accordingly, and found the daughter precincts, to admit those only who would pay a cerannexed to France since the year 1795 ; and thus the of Parsons, to whom the spirit alone appeared, and tain fee, an arrangement which was very convenient French are forturate in having secured a tract of whom alone it answered, in bed, trembling violently, to the needy and money-loving Mr Parsons. Indeed, country animated with the industry and common sense having just seen the ghost, and been again informed things had taken a turn greatly to his satisfaction ; he of a Swiss German population.

that she had died from poison. A loud knocking was not only had his revenge, but he made a profit out of At the distance of a few miles from Mulhausen, also heard from every part of the chamber, which so

it. The ghost, in consequence, played its antics every the hills of Switzerland, canton of Basle, begin to mystified the not very clear understanding of the night, to the great amusement of many hundreds of make their appearance before us, and we may be said visiter, that he departed, afraid to doubt and ashamed people, and the great perplexity of a still greater to have arrived at nearly the southern extremity of to believe, but with a promise to bring the clergyman

number. the great plain which commences in the neighbour of the parish and several other gentlemen on the fol

Unhappily, however, for the parish clerk, the ghost hood of Mayence, where the romantic scenery of the lowing day, to report upon the mystery

was induced to make some promises which were the Rhine has terminated in the vine-clad eminences of On the following night he returned, bringing with means of utterly destroying its reputation. It prothu Rheingau. The Swiss hills which now lie before him three clergymen, and about twenty other persons, mised, in answer to the questions of the Rev. Mr Aldux, it is, however, necessary to remember,

are con- including two negroes, when, upon a consultation with ritch of Clerkenwell, that it would not only follow the fined to the left or western bank of the Rhine, the Parsons, they resolved to sit up the whole night, and little Miss Parsons wherever she went, but would also opposite side being still flat, and belonging to the await the ghost's arrival. It was then explained by attend him, or any other gentleman, into the vault Dukedom of Baden for many miles farther. With Parsons, that although the ghost would never render under St John's Church, where the body of the murthis prospect of a speedy conclusion to our trip, the itself visible to any body but his daughter, it had no dered woman was deposited, and would there give norailway train, in the space of five and a half hours objection to answer the questions that might be put tice of its presence by a distinct knock upon the coffin. from starting, drove up to its terminus at St Louis, to it by any person present, and that it expressed an As a preliminary, the girl was conveyed to the house a village within the frontier of France, at which an

of Mr Aldritch near the church, where a large party immense concourse of people from Basle were in the

* Memoirs of Extraordinary Popular Delusions. London:

of ladies and gentlemen, eminent for their acquireheight of festivities, the day being the anniversary of Richard Bentley, 1841,

ments, their rank, or their wealth, bad assembled.

"Yes.'

About ten o'clock on the night of the 1st of February, persons can only be found to take the lead in any all the rest to one or other of two causes-first, that the girl having been brought from Cock Lane in a absurdity, however great, there is sure to be plenty of some gipsies, or strolling mendicants, hidden in the coach, was put to bed by several ladies in the house imitators. Like sheep in a field, if one clears the neighbouring plantation, were amusing themselves liy of Mr Aldritch; a strict examination having been stile, the rest will follow."

working on the credulity of the country people; or, sepreviously made that nothing was hidden in the bed Well may Mr Mackay express surprise that men condly, that the inmates of Baldarroch carried on this clothes. While the gentlemen, in an adjoining cham capable of a moment's sound reflection should not deception themselves, for some reason or other, which ber, were deliberating whether they should proceed have seen at once the utter absurdity of the supposi- was not very clear to anybody. The last opinion in a body to the vault, they were summoned into the tion, that a supernatural being, if such had really been gained but few believers, as the farmer and his family bedroom by the ladies, who affirmed, in great alarm, permitted to visit the living world, would have come were much respected ; and so many persons nad, in that the ghost was come, and that they heard the knocks to play the part of an invisible rat, to scratch upon the most open manner, expressed their belief in the and scratches. The gentlemen entered accordingly, bed-heads, pull down plates, and frighten poor old supernatural agency, that they did not like to stultify with a determination to suffer no deception. The little women, who had done nothing in the slightest degree themselves by confessing that they had been deceived. girl, on being asked whether she saw the ghost, replied, connected with the mission of annoyance. Mr Mackay At last, after a fortnight's continuance of the noises,

No; but she felt it on her back like a mouse.” She cites other instances of alarms scarcely less absurd, the whole trick was discovered. The two servant was then required to put her hands out of bed, and one of them of old date. A community of monks girls were strictly examined, and then committed to they being held by some of the ladies, the spirit was established near Paris by St Louis, having cast eyes prison. It appeared that they were alone at the summoned in the usual manner to answer, if it were of affection upon a handsome old palace in their neigh- bottom of the whole affair, and that the extraordiin the room. The question was several times put bourhood, named Vauvert, commenced playing such nary alarm and credulity of their master and miswith great solemnity, but the customary knock was pranks about it as caused it to be instantly reputed tress, in the first instance, and of the neighbours and not heard in reply in the walls, neither was there any as haunted. By these means they actually succeeded country people afterwards, made their task comparascratching. The ghost was then asked to render itself in their object. We have another instance of a house tively easy. A little common dexterity was all they had visible, but it did not choose to grant the request. It being deserted, shunned, and finally sold for an old used; and, being themselves unsuspected, they swelled was next solicited to give some token of its presence song, merely in consequence of an occasional noise the alarm by the wonderful stories they invented. It by a sound of any sort, or by touching the hand or ultimately traced to the clanking of a loose door in was they who loosened the bricks in the chimneys, cheek of any lady or gentleman in the room ; but even the lower storey. We recollect ourselves a house at and placed the dishes in such a manner on the with this request the ghost would not comply. Slateford, near Edinburgh, which for some weeks was shelves, that they fell on the slightest motion. They

There was now a considerable pause, and one of the an object of dread to all the country round, for no were no sooner secured in the county jail than the clergymen went down stairs to interrogate the father other reason than a derangement of the water-pipes. noises ceased, and most people were convinced that of the girl, who was waiting the result of the experi The only other anecdote for which we can find human agency alone had worked all the wonder. ment. Ha positively denied that there was any de- room, is one relating to a remarkable case which also Some few of the most devoutly superstitious still held ception, and even went so far as to say that he him- occurred within our recollection, and for some time out in their first belief, and refused to listen to any self, upon one occasion, had seen and conversed with was a theme of far-spread wonder. Like the Cock explanation.” the awful ghost. This having been communicated to Lane affair, it takes a strong hue of the ridiculous. Though the materials of a great part of the volumes the company, it was unanimously resolved to give the “On the 5th of December (1828), the inmates of before us are by no means of a very novel character, ghost another trial ; and the clergyman called out in the farm-house of Baldarroch, in the district of the agreeable manner in which they are thrown to a loud voice to the supposed spirit, that the gentle- Banchory, Aberdeenshire, were alarmed by observ; gether will amply repay the trouble of perusing the man, to whom it had promised to appear in the vault, ing a great number of sticks, pebble-stones, and book, as, indeed, our citations will probably have was about to repair to that place, where he claimed clods of earth, flying about their yard and premises. satisfied the reader. the fulfilment of its promise. At one hour after mid- They endeavoured, but in vain, to discover who night they all proceeded to the church, and the gentle was the delinquent ; and the shower of stones conman in question, with another, entered the vault, tinuing for five days in succession, they came at

OPIUM-SMOKING IN CHINA. and took up their position alongside of the coffin of last to the conclusion that the devil and his imps The following is an extract from the private journal poor Fanny. The ghost was then summoned to appear, were alone the cause of it. The rumour soon spread of Dr Hill, late surgeon of the bark Sunda, which was but it appeared not; it was summoned to knock, over all that part of the country, and hundreds of per- lost on the island of Hainan, in October 1839, and whose but it knocked not; it was summoned to scratch, but sons came from far and near to witness the antics of crew were conducted to Canton under protection of the it scratched not; and the two retired from the vault, the devils of Baldarroch. After the fifth day, the Chinese government:with the firm belief that the whole business was a shower of clods and stones ceased on the outside of “On the evening of our arrival at the city of Hainan deception practised by Parsons and bis daughter. the premises, and the scene shifted to the interior. (which is about six miles from the northern extremity There were others, however, who did not wish to Spoons, knives, plates, mustard-pots, rolling-pins, and of the island of the same name), one of the soldiers who jump so hastily to a conclusion, and who suggested flat-irons, appeared suddenly endued with the power of formed our body-guard requested permission to smoke that they were perhaps trifling with this awful and self-motion, and were whirled from room to room, and his opium in the apartment allotted to the captain, chief supernatural being, which, being offended with them rattled down the chimneys, in a manner which nobody officer, and myself. To this, as we had not previously for their presumption, would not condescend to answer could account for. The lid of a mustard-pot was put had an opportunity of properly witnessing the whole them. Again, after a serious consultation, it was into a cupboard by the servant girl, in the presence of process, we cheerfully agreed. agreed on all hands that, if the ghost answered any scores of people, and in a few minutes afterwards came The apparatus, which was contained in a leather-bag, body at all, it would answer Mr Kent, the supposed bouncing down the chimney, to the consternation of consisted of a small box of opium, a pipe of a peculiar murderer; and he was accordingly requested to go every body. There was also a tremendous knocking construction, a lamp, and a steel bodkin about six inches down into the vault. He went with several others

, at the doors and on the roof

, and pieces of stick and in length. and summoned the ghost to answer whether he had pebble-stones rattled against the windows and broke The opium, which was contained in a wooden box not indeed poisoned her. There being no answer, the them. The whole neighbourhood was a scene of alarm; much larger than a lady's thimble, was a clear, dark, question was put by Mr Aldritch, who conjured it, if and not only the vulgar, but persons of education, re- semi-fluid

substance, resembling tar or treacle, though it were indeed & spirit, to end their doubts-make a spectable farmers, within a circle of twenty miles, of rather more consistence, and prepared, so far as I sign of its presence, and point out the guilty person. expressed their belief in the supernatural character of could understand, from the crude drug by boiling, There being still no answer for the space of half an these events, and offered up devout prayers to be pre- straining, and evaporating, hour, during which time all these boobies waited with served from the machinations of the Evil One. The The pipe, which was made of ebony, was about eighthe most praise worthy perseverance, they returned to note of fear being once sounded, the visiters, as is gene- teen inches in length, and three-quarters of an inch in the house of Mr Aldritch, and ordered the girl to get rally the case in all tales of wonder, strove with each diameter, and had a brass bowl near its further extreup and dress herself. She was strictly examined, but other who should witness the most extraordinary oc- mity, which was closed. In shape, the bowl resembled persisted in her statement that she used no deception, currences ; and within a week, it was generally believed a pear, having its upper surface smooth and flattened, and that the ghost had really appeared to her. in the parishes of Banchory-Ternan, Prumoak, Durris, with a small aperture in its centre, sufficient to admit a

So many persons bad, by their openly expressed Kincardine-O'Neil, and all the circumjacent districts needle of moderate size. The use of the lamp and bodbelief of the reality of the visitation, identified them- of Mearns and Aberdeenshire, that the devil had been kin, which need not be described, will be seen presently. selves with it, that Parsons and his family were far seen in the act of hammering upon the house-top of Drawing a table with his apparatus to the side of a from being the only persons interested in the con- Baldarroch. One old man asserted positively, that bamboo couch, upon which he seated himself crosstinuance of the delusion. The result of the experi- one night, after having been to see the strange gam-legged, after the manner of the Turks, our hero began ment convinced most people ; but these were not to bols of the knives and mustard pots, he met the phan. by lighting the lamp, over which he placed a glass shade, be convinced by any evidence, however positive, and tom of a great black man, who wheeled round his so as to render the Hame strong and steady, and prevent they therefore spread abroad the rumour that the head with a whizzing noise, making a wind about his its smoking. He then took a small quantity of the drug ghost had not appeared in the vault, because Mr Kent ears that almost blew his bonnet off, and that he was (of the size of a pea) on the point of the bodkin, and had taken care beforehand to have the coffin removed. haunted by him in this manner for three miles. It was held it for a few seconds in the flame of the lamp, when That gentleman, whose position was a very painful also affirmed and believed, that all horses and dogs it swelled and took fire, emitting smoke of a strong one, immediately procured competent witnesses, in that approached this enchanted ground, were imme- aromatic and not unpleasant odour. Instantly blowwhose presence the vault was entered and the coffin diately affected-that a gentleman, slow of faith, had ing it out, he rolled it for a short time on the bowl of of poor Fanny, opened. Their deposition was then been cured of his incredulity by meeting the butter- the pipe (by swiftly twirling round the bodkin between published ; and Mr Kent indicted Parsons and his churn jumping in at the door as he himself was going the forefinger and thumb), and again applied it to the wife, his daughter, Mary Frazer the servant, the Rev. out-that the roofs of houses had been torn off, and flame of the lamp to undergo the same process for two fr Moor, and a tradesman, two of the most promi- that several ricks in the corn-yard had danced a quad- or three successive times. After being sufficiently nent patrons of the deception, for a conspiracy. The rillo together, to the sound of the devil's bagpipes re- burned, he next introduced the bodkin into the apertrial came on in the Court of King's Bench, on the echoing from the mountain-tops. The women in the ture of the bowl, twisting it gently round, so as to de10th of July, before Lord Chief Justice Mansfield, family of the persecuted farmer of Baldarroch also kept tach from its point the opium which was left adhering when, after an investigation which lasted twelve their tongues in perpetual motion ; swelling with their to the edges. Lastly, having made a deep expiration, hours, the whole of the conspirators were found guilty. strange stories the tide of popular wonder. The good in order to expel the air as much as possible from his The Rev. Mr Moor and his friend were severely re wife herself, and all her servants, said, that whenever lungs, he put the pipe into his mouth, applied the bowl primanded in open court, and recommended to make they went to bed, they were attacked with stones and to the flame of the lamp, and took one long inspiration, some pecuniary compensation to the prosecutor for other missiles, some of which came below the blankets by which the opium was almost entirely dissipated and the aspersions they had been instrumental in throw- and gently tapped their toes. One evening, a shoe converted into a dense smoke, which, after retaining in ing upon his character. Parsons was sentenced to suddenly darted across a garret where some labourers the chest for a short time, he emitted through his mouse atand three times in the pillory, and to be imprisoned were sitting, and one of the men, who attempted to trils. The same process was repeated eight times in for two years; his wife to one year's, and his servant catch it, swore positively that it was so hot and heavy the course of twenty minutes, when he lay down on the to six month's impri. onment in the Bridewell. A he was unable to hold it.

couch and fell into a profound sleep, which lasted nearly printer, who had been employed by them to publish Among the persons drawn to Baldarroch by these three hours. On awaking, which he did of his own an account of the proceedings for their profit, was occurrences were the heritor, the minister, and all the accord, he appeared stupid and confused, and seemingly also fined fifty pounds, and discharged.

elders of the kirk, under whose superintendence an not a little surprised at finding himself in the company The precise manner in which the deception was investigation was immediately commenced. Their of foreigners, when, recollecting himself, he burst into carried on has never been explained. The

knocking proceedings were not promulgated for some days; and, an immoderate fit of laughter. in the wall appears to have been the work of Parsons in the mean time, rumour continued to travel through In the present instance, that of a young man about wife, while the scratching part of the business was all the Highlands, magnifying each mysterious incident twenty-four years of age, after the second inhalation of left to the little girl. That a contrivance so clumsy the farther it got from home. There were, of course, the drug, the eyes became full and sparkling, the face! could have deceived any body, caunot fail to excite some sensible and educated people, who, after stripping began to flusli, and the pulse to increase in quick ress: pur wonder. But thus it always is. If two or three the stories circulated of their exaggeration, attributed and fullness ; the breathing likewise becarue mure tre

M

ARIDDER.HEAD REVERIE.

quent, and the whole system seemed considerably ex- is an important application of steam-power, likely to The pig on which I thought to dine,

Lies grunting with his fellow swine! cited. These symptoms continued to increase until the produce very beneficial results in public works, in the

And greens uncut adorn the plainseventh application to the opium pot (which took place formation of sea-banks, and in all operations on a large

-r may green for them in vain. about a quarter of an hour from the commencement), scale where rapidity of execution and precision are re

For such “ good cheer" we may not lookat which time the pulse was full and bounding, and quired. The machine was used in America for driving

We all must dine with Humphrey's Duke ; piles for railroads, and travelled by its own power up- Our Christmas gambols we have played ill, beating at the rate of 120 in the minute.

And danced to " Sandy lick the ladle!" After t!e next two applications, which were completed wards of two hundred miles, driving piles and making its

To bear with this is not in nature, own road through swamps and districts heretofore imwithin five minutes more, though much less dexterously pervious. The machine has, moreover, the power of

I therefore vote we cob the cat'er. than the previous ones, he appeared quite stupified by drawing piles out of the earth as quickly as it drives the drug, and lying down on the couch, instantly fell them in, and can be applied to the raising of blocks of

MAXIMS. asleep.

stone and all heavy weights that require an extraordiBeing desirous of ascertaining how long he would nary power.- Standard.

Never, unless you are an expert horseman, attempt continue in this state, we did not disturb him, although

to show off a spirited animal before your friends, else he snored most profoundly, but allowed him to awake

CAPTAIN CHARLES GRAY'S POEMS.

you may be made to kiss the dust ; for the horse is a of his own accord, which he did in about three hours

sagacious brute, and soon discovers the incapacity of afterwards,

CAPTAIN GRAY informs us, in the preface to an elegant his rider. Never sign an accommodation bill, for when Considerable depression seemed now to have followed volume entitled “Lays and Lyrics,"* that he has just once “ on the ice,” it is impossible to predict the result. the previous excitement; the eyes, though still full and retired from the marine corps, after a service of thirty- Never laugh at your own jokes, at least until the risiprojecting, being dull and heavy, and the whole coun- six years. A more cheerful soul or a gentler nature bility of the company has been excited, when etiquette tenance having a languid and stupid expression. The never went upon the half-pay list. He has thought may perhaps permit you to give a gentle guffaw by way breathing was likewise heavy, and the pulse consider- proper to employ some of the first of his leisure in pre- of accompaniment. Never, in talking to your next ably below the natural standard, being full and labour- paring a selection of the occasional rhymes of a life- neighbour, vociferate as if you were “hailing a ship at ing, and scarcely beating sixty in the minute.

time, and pleasant lively verses they generally are- sea ;" it is the custom of uneducated boors, with whom The immediate effect, therefore, of the drug in the perhaps, in some instances, a little too Anacreontic for you stand a chance of being identified. Never conpresent instance, and likewise in any other which after these sober times. Some of them are agreeable adap- demn your neighbour unheard, however many the acwards came under my observation, was that of a strong tations to the old melodies of Scotland; others are cusations which may be preferred against him : every stimulant. This, however, was soon succeeded by a designed for new tunes. Another large portion of the story has two ways of being told, and justice requires still more powerfully sedative effect, which takes place Lays and Lyrics are of the character of vers de societié. that you should hear the defence as well as the accusasooner or later, according to the habits of the individual. We extract a specimen of both departments :

tion; and remember that the malignity of enemies may An old hand will frequently smoke for hours before

WHEN AUTUMN HAS LAID HER SICKLE BY.+

place you in a similar predicament. Never, if you are being completely under its influence; while a beginner,

in the habit of giving recitations, allow yourself

, from as we observed in the case of our cook, will sometimes When Autunın has laid her sickle by,

the indiscreet and hyperbolical encomiums of friends, be stupified by two or three whiffs.

And the stacks are theekit to haud them dry;
And the sapless leaves come down frae the trees,

to suppose that you are a Roscius ; and keep in mind Amongst the Chinese, the use of opium is almost

And dance about in the filfu' breeze;

that you may be flattered to be laughed at. Never get universal, at least among the male portion of the com- And the robin agnin sits burd-alane,

into a passion because others will not agree with you munity, and is far from being confined to the higher or And sings his sang on the auld peat stane;

in opinion ; you are not infallible, and moreover, diverwealthier classes, being equally prevalent amongst the

When come is the hour o'gloanin grey,

sity of opinion is the very life and soul of conversation ;

Oh, sweet is to me the minstrel's lay! very lowest, many of whom would rather want their

at the same time, we confess there are some dogmadinner than be deprived of the intoxicating drug. Not

When Winter is driving his cloud on the gale,

tists who never speak “ rhyme nor reason," and who withstanding the severe penalties incurred by those

And spairgin about his snaw and his hail,
And the door is steekit against the blast,

sadly try the temper. Never trouble others with the found making use of it, it scarcely ever appeared to be

And the winnocks wi' wedges are firm and fast,

recital of your misfortunes : communications of this inade a secret of, smoking shops abounding in every And the ribs are ryppet, the cannel a-light,

description are never pleasing; and, at all events, symtown and village through which we passed. In addi- And the fire on the hearth is bleezin bright,

pathy cannot counteract the decrees of fate; and, tion to a tobacco-pipe, which each carried along with

And the bicker is reamin wi' pithy brown ale;

moreover, if you are given to such disclosures, you him, amongst our guard of honour (consisting of a head

Oh, doar is to me a sang or a tale!

will be dubbed “knight of the rueful countenance"-a policeman, as he was called, half a dozen soldiers, four

Then I tove awa' by the ingle-side, palanquin bearers, and three wheelbarrow men), there

And tell o' the blasts I was wont to bide,

personage who is no favourite at convivial meetings, or, When the nichts were lang, and the sea ran high,

indeed, any where. Never refuse, if it be in your were generally to be found several opium pipes, which And the moon hid her face in the depths of the sky,

power, to aid the unfortunate; a generous act is always were made use of occasionally in the course of the day's And the mast was strain'd, and the canvass rent,

followed with a glow of happiness, far surpassing any march. Tobacco, however, was principally made use of By some demon on message of mischief sent; during the day, the opium being reserved till the even

oh, I bless my stars that at hame I can bide,

mere animal gratification. Never harbour animosity. For dear, dear to me is my ain ingle side!

towards a friend for a mere hasty expression; forgiveing, when they would commence after supper, and

ness is a godlike quality, and a true friend is so scarce smoke until they could no longer put the pipe into their

CHRISTMAS.

a commodity, that he should not be repudiated on mouths. As can easily be imagined, the habitual use

slight grounds; but those who injure you from "malice of opium, at least as made use of by the Chinese, produces the most injurious effects upon the constitution

In that famed place no longer cruising,

prepense,” should be shunned as you would avoid a Where William kissed his "black-eyed Susan,"

tiger.-Edinburgh Observer. --still more, probably, than that of ardent spirit. The

Driven by the tide, toss'd by the breeze, peculiar languid and vacant expression, the sallow Rides our good ship, the Ramilies.

PEOPLE OF COLOUR AT BELIZE. and shrivelled countenance, the dim and sunken eye, Others may • slunuber on the ocean,"

By this time I had twice passed the whole length of and the general emaciated and withered appearance

But we've found out “perpetual motion;"

the principal street, and the town seemed in the entire

And things shall go a little hard, of the body, easily distinguish the confirmed opium

If some one claims not the reward.

possession of blacks. The bridge, the market-place, smoker. The mind likewise soon participates in the Some stomachs are so very nice,

the streets and stores, were thronged with them; and general wreck of the body; and the unhappy individual, Rolling upsets them in a trice;

I might have fancied myself in the capital of a Negro losing all relish for society, remains in a state of sottish And pitching gives them such a fit,

republic. They are a fine-looking race, tall, straight, indifference to every thing around him but the deadly

Poor souls ! they cannot pick a bit!
Let winds pipe loud, let billows roar,

and athletic, with skins black, smooth, and glossy as drug, now his only solace, which sooner or later hurries

We eat and drink like folks on shore.

velvet, and well dressed; the men in white cotton shirts its victim to an untimely grave.

But what is this? As I'm a sinner

and trousers, with straw hats, and the women in white The most inveterate opium-smoker that came under "Tis Christmas, and we've nought for dinner!

frocks with short sleeves and broad red borders, and • our observation, during a journey of two months through

Already lour the distant skies;
The angry white-topp'd billows rise ;

adorned with large red ear-rings and necklaces; and I the interior of the country, was the head policeman,

O'er head the rack is scudding fast,

could not help remarking that the frock was their only under whose charge we were from the island of Hainan And heavy moups the coming blast;

article of dress, and that it was the fashion of these to the mainland of China. This individual was evidently On flagging wing sails slowly by

sable ladies to drop this considerably from off the right an old stager, and went through the operation with great

The sea-mew, with a wailing cry.

shoulder, and to carry the skirt in the left hand, and neatness and dexterity. Commencing soon after he

What sad portentous signs are these?
How quick they turn our swans to geese!

raise it to any height necessary for crossing puddles. came on board (about five o'clock in the afternoon), he

On my way back, I stopped at the house of a merchant, continued without intermission until midnight, when,

Four jolly Mids have we invited,

whom I found at what is called a second breakfast. The

Whose stomachs, no doubt, are delighted ; tired with observing him,'I fell asleep.

And shall their fondest wishes go out

gentleman sat on one side of the table, and his lady on The refuse of the pipe likewise is much prized, espe- Like candle snuff ? Shall then no blow-out

the other. At the head was a British officer, and opcially where a superior specimen of the drug has been Delight the maws of hungry fellows?

posite him a mulatto ; on his left was another officer, made use of, and is generally the perquisite of one of Must salt junk fill our empty bellies ?

and opposite him also a mulatto. By chance a place the servants, who forms it into pills by mixing it with

Shall we have nought but beef and biscuit,
Instead of sol lack, fowl, and brisket ?

was made for me between the two coloured gentlemen. a little oil, to which he treats himself while his master

Forbid it! Neptune's watery train,

Some of my countrymen, perhaps, would have hesitated is in a state of oblivion."

That live below, or skim the main.

about taking it, but I did not; both were well-dressed, Alas! what will not patience teach ;

well-educated, and polite. They talked of their mahogany The surf is rolling on the bench;

works, of England, hunting, horses, ladies, and wine ; PILE-DRIVING MACHINE. And down comes Lapslie, bat in hand

and, before I had been an hour in Belize, I learned that A very simple yet very admirable machine for driving “At Deal, to-day, no boat can land!"

the great work of practical amalgamation, the subject a double row of piles, has recently been imported from

And all our hopes of Christmas fare

of so much angry controversy at home, had been going the United States. It was built at Utica, and has

Vanish, like witches, in the air ! the national name “ Brother Jonathan" inscribed on it.

The rich sirloin, all sinoking hot,

on quietly for generations; that colour was considered Like baser shin, has gone to pot:

mere matter of taste; and that sime of the most respectIt is now in operation at Smith's Timber Wharf, Pedlar's

The goose-ol, name it not !--the goose

able inhabitants had black wives, and mongrel children, Acre, where it can be seen driving the piles for the cause- Is killed and stuffed for others' use;

whom they educated with as much care, and made way and abutment on the Surrey side of the New Hun- Or borne away, on ample pinions, gerford Market Bridge, now in progress. The hammers, Regardless of our sage and onions.

money for with as much zeal, as if their skins were per, or weights, or, as they are more usually called by pile- 'Tis clear our evil stars prevail

fectly white.--Stephens's Incidents of Travel in Central drivers, the “ monkeys,” are elevated to a height of

We'll ne'er lay salt upon her tail.

America. thirty-five feet or thereabouts, along grooves in perpen

The fowls have all been “ bought and sold;"
The curry is too hot to hold !

SUPERSTITION IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY. dicular leaders, by means of a locomotive steam-engine The mince, so nicely baked in pies, of ten horse power, fixed on a platform, on which the

A lad, about eighteen years of age, on Wednesday night, a

Is fruitless as a sailor's sighs, whole of the machinery is placed. The power of the

few weeks ago, disappeared under strong excitement; and

When fast he scuds before the wind, blow given by each of these hammers exceeds 600 tons, And leaves his lass and heart behind.

it is supposed threw himself off the bridge at Melksham, and drives a pile of twenty-seven feet long, and as thick The ham, well dried a month before,

into the Avon, and was drowned. To recover the body, as the thickest piles used in embankments and for coffer

We only smoke it from the shore;

his friends on Saturday were firing a gun along the banks

And, were we Jews of Abram's line, dams, nearly its whole length into the earth in about

of the river, believing that the report would burst the On it might be allowed to dine;

caul and raise the corpse to the surface. On Monday, eiga: minutes, or perhaps less. It drives two piles at the

But no-ut distance bere we stand, same time. A circular horizontal saw is worked by the

they beat a drum along the bank, believing that the drum

And only view the promised land. engine, wi:sh in a few seconds cuts the tops of the piles

would cease sounding when opposite the corpse! of

The veal-pray, messmates, do not frown even, and enables the trucks, or small wheels on which Not it, but we, are quite done broon:

course, both methods failed.-- Newspaper paragraph. the platform is supported, to come forward as fast as the The tongue that tickles every palate, piles are driven, and cut them even at the top; the plat- Is mute within some butcher's wallet;

LONDON: Published, with permission of the proprietors, by form is propelled by a one-horse power by the engine.

W. S. ORR, Paternoster Row. The power of this machine is absolutely astounding. It • Menzies, Edinburgh. T Music by P. M.Leod, Esq.

Printed by Bradbury and Evans, Whitefriars.

[graphic]

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF " CHAMBERS’S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”

“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE,” &c.

NUMBER 523

SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1842.

PRICE 1}d.

mock his anguish, and (what perhaps he also observed) drawing-room, but he passed by the picture without THE STORY OF A PICTURE.

to throw a very unbecoming degree of light upon noticing it again, and after giving rather an indifferent In the year eighteen hundred and something, Henry faded damask, cracked china, and tarnished gilding. glance to some other objects, seated himself within a Cummins awoke one morning and discovered-what It is possible that he might have given a rough guess few paces of the auctioneer's desk. Henry Cummins very much surprised “the world” when they heard it, at the different prices which might have been expected wondered if he meant to bid for the picture, and felt and almost astonished himself, namely—that he was had a cloudy sky veiled such imperfections, yet it was almost decided to buy it in himself; but he did not wish penniless! In three years he had run through the not that which made his cravat feel something too to make himself known to the auctioneer, and so detersavings of a life ; for his father, a plodding man of tight, or produced the nervous twitches which might mined to bid as a stranger. The sale began, and the business, had bequeathed above thirty thousand pounds have been remarked about his mouth ; for though china monster, which was in the first page of the catato his only child, having previously given him what tears—those exhalations of intense agony, a man's logue, was knocked down to the little old gentleman. is called “a good education"-a term which is, alas ! tears—did rise to his eyes, pride drove them back. It had been run up to a sum far beyond its value, for too often a sad misnomer. What is commonly called It was very strange that his father's arm-chair, or the purchaser had shown he was determined to have a “good” education, sometimes turns out to have been his mother's work-table, should produce such emo

it. Perhaps he took a hint from this circumstance, a very " bad” one. Although a tradesman, old Mr tions, and yet they oppressed his heart most strongly or, perhaps, he was in reality an experienced bidder, Cummins had an amiable weakness (if weakness it when he observed a stranger pause, with all the assur- and had only from some accident been off his guard must be called), yclept family pride, and his anxious ance in the world, to examine a certain old picture. in a trifling matter ; however this might be, when hope was, that Henry would resuscitate the honour Now, it chanced that this was about the only thing the picture was put up for sale the old gentleman's of the family. Yes, he belonged to a family which to which the sunshine was favourable, for, without voice was not heard at all. It is true the auctioneer had been renowned through several generations ; but streaming upon it, a flood of light nevertheless illu must have received, from time to time, telegraphic as virtue and honour do not always fill the purse, and mined the apartment, and, coming from the right dispatches from somebody, as, without the bidders as in this unromantic age it is found absolutely neces direction, brought out beauties that might otherwise being always heard, "going-going”—was followed by sary to pay butchers and bakers, it was thought ad- have remained unobserved.

higher and higher offers. At last, as if himself out visable for a younger branch of the genealogical tree It was, indeed, an exquisite painting—no matter by of patience, the auctioneer sharply let fall his mystical to strike fresh root in the plebeian but extremely in which of the old masters ; and it had belonged to the

symbol, even before Henry Cummins could determine rigorating soil of trade. Mr Cummins had been the Cummins' family for several generations. It was a on an advance, and a nod of the head proclaimed that younger branch destined for this healthful process, landscape scene with figures ; the season bright gor the picture belonged to the little old gentleman. He and Henry had been intended for the bar, the father's geous summer ; and the picture was among Henry looked remarkably happy, for he would willingly have dreams of course picturing him on the woolsack. Cummins' earliest recollections and associations. In given hundreds for that which he had purchased for But a lavish allowance for his pocket, and the grati- the days of frocks and pinafores he had played before thirty-five pounds. Once more he approached the fication of every wish not absolutely vicious, while yet it, looking up sometimes, and almost wondering if the painting, gazing now with a sort of parental admirain his teens, were not precisely the means to render shadows would ever grow longer, or the knot of har. tion; but this time Henry Cummins was at his elbow. him a steady or a studious man. He was twenty vest people ever finish the day's labour. And in years A quick beating of the heart had superseded the when his father died, and he came into uncontrolled later than those of frockhood, he had tried his daring

thickness in his throat as the latter exclaimed—“Sir, possession of his property a year afterwards ; 80, con hand in copying the great original, only, it must be I will give you twenty pounds for your bargain !" sidering that he found it quite impossible the first confessed, to throw palette and brushes away in dis

"Sir, I would not take fifty," returned the other. year to live on four times the sum that his trustee gust; and in recent times he had pointed out its

“ What will you take ?” rejoined Henry. allowed him, and that he did contrive, and not very beauties to admiring visiters, while it had been the “Nothing you can offer. Sir, I mean to keep the mysteriously, to borrow some thousands during that silent witness of his follies-silent, surely, because he picture ;" and the old gentleman clasped his arms period, it is not surprising that at the end of three would not listen, for now to the mind's ear it spoke behind his back, in his favourite attitude of determiyears, as we have said before, he awoke one morning trumpet-tongued reproaches. There it hung, in its nation. and found himself without a penny. He made other old-fashioned frame, ticketed No. 27. Had that ticket “I was deputed by Mr Cummins," exclaimed Henry, discoveries, too, at the same moment. He found that, supernatural powers ?—for, verily, to the vision of after a moment's pause, “to buy in this painting ; it paying the price of his whole fortune, he had not, Henry Cummins, the figures seemed starting to life, is much prized by him, having many old family assoafter all, purchased happiness; and when the first as they looked down sorrowfully and reproachfully at ciations, and at the last moment he repented having stunning sensation of extreme unhappiness and afflic- him. The stranger, whose glance the picture had offered it for sale. You would not have had it, sir, tion which his different discoveries occasioned had a

arrested, was a little old gentleman, dressed in brown, had the auctioneer been a second less quick in his little abated, there sprung up in his mind a wonderful who held by the hand a beautiful girl of about twelve decision.” growth of good resolutions for the future, and some years old. The fairy-like child was soon satisfied with “Lucky for me, lucky for me, that he was so sharp ; sort of in ward assurance, which was better than all, looking at the picture

, and slipped her hand from that and I have nothing to do with the repentance of such that told him he had energy enough to carry them of her grandfather, the better to observe a China mon a young scapegrace as Mr Henry Cummins." out.

ster, which had caught her attention; and then the “Do you know him, sir ?" But the question was, what first should be done ? | little old man drew out his spectacles, stepped some “Enough to know that the picture is much safer in After a little while, all visionary plans and specula- | what nearer to the painting, and putting his arms my possession than in his. I suppose he is going to tions melted into the one strong sense of the necessity behind his back, and clasping with one hand the wrist turn shoe-black, or something of that sort; he can't of selling at once horses and carriages, house, fur- of the other, stood for full five minutes in a dream of be fit for any thing better, I should think.” niture, and every species of available property, with delight. He was aroused from it by a joyous laugh of “They say he is going to India—a friendless, moneythe proceeds of which he hoped to discharge debts the child, for the grotesque image had been irresis less adventurer." still outstanding, and have perhaps a trifle to begin tible. The child's laugh grated on the heart of Henry “ Eh! what !-well, it is never too late to reform ; the world with. Now, abstractedly, a chair is but a Cummins almost as much as the bright sunshine had but I can't let him have the picture for all that. Good chair, a table but a table, yet every one will allow the done ; and though he gazed at her full in the face, as morning, sir; my carriage is waiting" power that even inanimate objects possess of twining she shook back the thick curls which shaded it, and There are mysterious chords in our nature, which themselves around the heart, until a final separation besought "grandpapa” to buy the green and purple trifles may sometimes awaken to the holiest purposes ; is absolutely painful. Henry Cummins was perfectly monster, he certainly did not perceive she was the

and the feelings which this incident drew forth formed aware of this fact, as on the morning of the sale he most beautiful object in the room—if the truth must the key-stone to the strong arch of Henry Cummins' walked through every room of his house, for the last be told, he thought her a noisy troublesome child. good resolutions—an arch which spanned his future time, among his household gods. There they were, The little old gentleman promised to buy the mon

life. He had hitherto, like thousands of young men every one ticketed, and standing uncomfortably for- ster, and telling Julia that the sale would commence in similar circumstances, lived a life of pure heedlessward, as if they had already taken leave of their in half an hour, he led her down stairs, and put her ness-taking no thought of the morrow-ignorant of master, and were inviting themselves to the notice of into a carriage which was waiting, and which quickly the value of money—and concerned only in the paltry the strangers who walked through the rooms. Had drove off. All this Henry Cummins beheld from a and fleeting enjoyments of the senses ; but while his the weather been dull and cloudy, nature would have window, though he could not hear what directions | long, and fond, and earnest farewell gaze rested upon seemned in unison with the spendthrift's feelings ; but were given to the coachman. However, in another that picture, he understood, for the first time, that the sun streamed in most unsympathisingly, as if to minute the little old gentleman had returned to the we have duties in this world to perform, beyond mere

enjoyment or the maintenance of one's own existence, and in all my exertions in that distant field of enter-Julia Howard engraven, but he recollected she might and he turned away calmer, more collected, almost prise, I was not less animated by repentant feeling marry, and so the blank space remained. In another happier, than he had felt for many a day.

than by the hope and belief of regaining the picture week some other thought caused the black chest

which fortune had made yours ; in short, that picture to be again inspected; but when he came to close it, Ten years passed away, bringing about their has been the soul of my reformation. I am now the contents had been so much disturbed, that without strange revolutions ; ripening youth to manhood, and blessed with the means of independence ; and here, removing an embroidered cashmere, the lid would tainting the pride and vigour of maturity with decay then, I appear with the wish to gain back the object remain obstinately gaping. He took out the cashsweeping many a loved one from our hearth, but of my long-cherished desires.”

mere, paused for a moment, smiled, as if some agreeweaving fresh ties around the heart, as a ruin that Sir James was not unmoved by the ingenuous able thought occurred for the first time-and-and is supported by the sweet young flowers which twine appeal ; but he was inexorable. Henry, in some Decca muslins, cashmeres, boxes, fans, card-cases, there ; and yet the older we grow, the more stub- respect, felt himself to be ill-used; yet of what should attar, chains, rings, unset diamonds, &c. &c., found but born are such tendrils, though, if they do enwreath he complain? Surely, a man has a right to retain one mistress. In less than three months from that themselves, it is with ties that can scarcely be the purchase he has lawfully made. Although con- day, more pretty things than one were engravedsevered. Ten years, then, working their wondrous tinuing obdurate to all offers, Sir James had the Julia Cummins. Thus were two of the ardent wishes changes, had passed away, when, on a bright sun condescension to ask his visiter to walk into the of Henry Cummins accomplished, and the third was shine morning, a stranger arrived at one of Lon- drawing-room to look at the picture. Henry fol- in his own power to fulfil. Although the career in don's regal-looking hotels. He was a passenger from lowed, trembling; for while it was unredeemed, he felt India, which had blessed him with an ample fortune, India, by the good ship Ariel, and there came in his the painting would gaze upon him like a reproving had unfitted him to pursue the study of the law, he train a due proportion of those ponderous packages spirit. There it was, in the centre of one side of the understood that conduct sheds as much lustre on a and chests with which the Anglo-Indians very pro room, and provided with a new and gorgeous frame; family as the display of talents : that was in his power ; perly encumber themselves-perhaps as containing a the light, too, was most favourable. What memories and if vanity is sometimes pained by the recollection sort of ransom money with which to buy back the re did it bring back to the spendthrift's mind! His of the name he might have won, he owns that the gard and affection of which absence may have robbed mother's gentle touch, her loving kiss—his father's punishment is just, though, while he regrets the pasty them. The stranger at the -, however, had few counsel—the voices of early friends—and the forms of he feels gratefully bappy that he has redeemed it. friends in England, although he brought home several all--and scenes of long, long ago_seemed vividly to So true is it that “there is a future to all who have chests ; one especially the cognoscenti would have se pass before him. Like the buried cities which lay for the virtue to repent and the energy to atone." lected at a venture, as containing the most precious centuries at the volcano's foot, so there are thoughts deposits, though its solid black leather exterior might and feelings which rest entombed beneath, not dehave seemed unpretending to the inexperienced. Now, stroyed by, the lava ashes of time and circumstances.

CATACOMBS OF PARIS. if the truth must be told, the stranger had returned to To his heart and fancy the figures did not look at him The origin of the great catacombs, or receptacles for England for three especial reasons ; two will be told reproachfully

as he had expected them to do, but seemed the dead, attached to the French capital, is in every presently, the other was to find a wife. Whether he to wear an expression more of sorrow than of anger, point of view curious and interesting. Previously to was of opinion that, as second-rate goods are manu and he felt that he would have given much to be he latter end of last century, the burial-places of the factured for exportation, so, speaking generally, they alone with the picture for an hour, for Sir James stood city were in a condition at once disgusting and deare not first-rate parties which find their way to the by him, with his arms clasped behind as formerly, structive to human health. One of the early French Indian market of matrimony, the chronicle of his muttering audibly, “No, I will never sell this picture." kings had bestowed a piece of the royal suburban life declareth not, though the fact of his not having Poor Ilenry was summoning his courage for the grounds on the inhabitants as a place of interment; suited himself” while abroad, would suggest the leave-taking, and gazing like a lover at a mistress who and this spot, the site subsequently of the church of idea that he might be a little fastidious, and that, could never be his, when a joyous laugh, evidently pro- the Innocents, continued for nine or ten centuries to although a successful man of business, and a thorough ceeding from the adjoining room, fell upon his ear; serve as the sole or principal receptacle for the dead man of the world, there might still exist in his mind it jarred upon his spirits, and seemed almost as dis- in Paris. Not only was this the case, but the cea belief in the divinity of love-call it, if you will, a cordant as that he well remembered ten years before. metery was also applied to its purposes in a manvein of romance, but in some natures it can never be The voice and laugh were peculiar, and he felt certain ner unusually dangerous. Large pits were formed, worked out, and does almost erer exist with the loftiest the tiresome child was near. Of course, a moment's each about thirty feet deep and twenty feet square, order of minds. Well, then, the “ black chest” con- thought convinced him that the child must be now a

and into these coffins were lowered, one tier above tained gifts for this imaginary being-for, of course, woman; but he felt almost sure she had red hair, another, without any intervening earth, until the pits she would be worthy to be robed with the delicate had a strong impression that she squinted, and asso were filled. Each was then covered with a thin layer filmy muslins of Dacca (fit for Titania and her court), ciated her as well, in some incongruous manner, with of soil

. The common number of bodies cast into or to more beneath the graceful folds of the soft and a laughing hyæna. One more appeal before he de- every excavation amounted to from twelve to fifteen peerless Cashmere.

parted ; it was this :-"Sir James, if I survive you, hundred ; and, in the thirty years preceding 1780, But we must return to the little old gentleman, will you direct your executors to sell me the picture nearly ninety thousand bodies had been thus depomentioned long ago. Ten years seemed to have passed or will you give me the power, in case I should die sited in the charnel-holes of the Innocents. Once in him by with a very slight and friendly greeting. first, of willing it into my family, by any pecuniary every thirty or forty years, it had been customary to There sat Sir James Howard, so very like his former arrangement with my heirs and yours which you may execute the frightful task of opening and emptying self that one might have fancied the suit of brown he like to make ?"

these pits; but, in the case of great numbers of the wore was the identical apparel alluded to before ; per “ Well, perhaps, it may be yours

death." older ones, this task had long ceased to be fulfilled, haps a very keen observer might have remembered And so they parted.

and they accordingly remained unmoved, though so that, ten years ago, there were a few dark hairs amid Poor Henry Cummins returned to his hotel vexed choked up with the matter of corruption as to rise the snow-drifts of time, whereas now all were white ; and disappointed. He had taken the precaution of above the level of the adjoining streets, and seriously perhaps, too, his habitual stoop was a little more re- leaving his address with Sir James, in case the latter to affect the air in the ground-Hats of the houses. It markable, and his hand (that great test of age) a little should change his mind, which did not, however, was supposed that, from the time of Philip Augustus, more wrinkled ; but the bright, intelligent, good coun appear a very probable event. Out of spirits, and more than 1,200,000 bodies in all, had been interred tenance, seemed just the same as ever. His house was perhaps a little out of humour, the day dragged in the cemetery of the Innocents; and as the moula short distance from London, and he sat in a favourite wearily on. In the evening he strolled out for an dering bones, even when the pits were cleaned out, morning room, the walls of which were decorated with hour, and bethought himself of walking down the were merely conveyed to an arched gallery surround gems of art; books, also, were there, not too formally street in which was his former home. The old house, ing the burial-ground, it might be said that some porarranged ; and the French windows opened into a which he had left bare and tenantless, was now lit up tion of all that had ever lain there still remained. flower-garden, admitting the summer breeze laden for a party; it seemed as if every thing that day were

When all men of science and sense were beginning with sweets. A servant entered with the card of destined to assume an uncongenial unsympathising to recognise the necessity of remedying this evil, an5 Mr Henry Cummins," and Sir James desiring him air; and he bent his steps homeward more desponding other cause of peril and alarm chanced to agitate to be admitted, the stranger entered the room. Si- than ever.

On his arrival he found a huge packing the city of Paris ; but, fortunately, the one was found multaneously with offering his apologies for intrud. case in his apartment, and a note from Sir James capable of serving as a remedy for the other. Quarries ing, the latter glanced round the apartment, while an Howard. The eccentric old gentleman kept his word of stone had been opened in the immediate vicinity of anxious expression gathered upon his countenance. -he did not sell the picture, he gave it to a reformed Paris at an early period of its history, and had been

“I fear, Sir James, I am scarcely remembered," spendthrift! Yes, there it was, and in the old frame wrought to a large extent in the course of successive exclaimed 'Henry: And Sir James put his finger to too. To be sure, some people might have hinted that ages, to supply materials for the increasing city. In his brow as if to invoke recollection, before he replied, the handsome one was reserved for another favourite, consequence, a vague notion existed among the inhaThe name is familiar to me, though I cannot exactly but they would have done Sir James injustice. He bitants, that the city was considerably undermined. tell how."

knew human nature well, and he knew that the kindly Little attention was paid to the matter till 1774, when “ You-you—Sir James, you purchased a picture feeling displayed in the preservation and recollection some alarming shocks and falls of houses aroused that once belonged to me."

even of an old picture-frame would not be lost on the the fears of the government. A regular survey took “ You! Are you that Mr Cummins ?" rejoined Sir heart of Henry Cummins.

place, and the result was the frightful discovery, that James, eyeing his visiter from top to toe, with a look Our space forbids us to describe minutely Henry the churches, palaces, and almost all the southern parts that plainly indicated he remembered Henry's early Cummins' second visit to Sir James Hloward; how of the city of Paris, rested upon immense irregular excareer, and the circumstances which had led him to the cheerful aspect of the different apartments failed cavations, and stood the greatest risk of ere long sinkpredicate that the “scapegrace” must turn shoe-black. now to oppress or deject him ; or how even a certain ing into them. A special commission was immediThat could not have been the occupation of the gen. laugh seemed musical. But the second visit was not ately appointed to take the proper steps for averting tlemanly, indeed distinguished-looking, person now the last, for the reformed spendthrift had won an

such a catastrophe ; and the necessity of such a combefore him ; and Sir James recollecting, with the eccentric but sincere and lasting friend. He was in mission was made strikingly apparent on the first day lightning flash of thought, every particular connected troduced to Julia, and assuredly there was nothing of its operations, by an accident in the Rue d'Enfer. with the sale, gave a shrewd guess at the object of about her to recall his former unfavourable impression. A house in that street sunk down in an instant, eightHenry Cummins' visit, and - grew a little out of Her eyes were as straight as his own (and they were and-twenty metres below the level of its court-yard. temper. Yes, as faithful historians, we must confess rather handsome ones), but of the deep blue of a When all the labyrinths of the quarries were inhe felt cross ; for, as the sun has spots, so the dear, violet, and her hair of that sunny brown that even spected, and plans taken of them, the alarm of the good, little, old gentleman had one fault-he was, on “ an enemy” would call auburn. They became in Parisians was far from being abated. Every quarrier particular subjects, of an irritable temper. The pic- timate, and Henry grew to delight in the rich voice bad habitually worked, it appeared, where he chose ture he still retained, and prized highly. Inclination and joyous laugh; and Julia had a heart, and could or where he could ; and, in many cases, excavation was at war with the promptings of his own kind, weep sometimes :

was found below excavation, the whole running to warm, fresh, evergreen heart, and the more the former “ For the heart which is soonest alive to the flowers, almost interminable lengths, while the pillars that had succumbed, the more peevish in manner did he grow.

Is always the first to be touched by the thorns."

been left were found in almost all cases to be totally It is almost needless to hint that the object of Henry One day he sat beside her at the piano, and remark- insufficient to bear permanently the enormous weight Cummins' visit was to regain it at any pecuniary sac- ing (not for the first time) that her hands were whiter above. In various instances, the roof had sunk conrifice. IIe was a proud young man, and yet he bore than the ivory, he bethought him of a certain diamond siderably, and in others, large masses had actually the reproaches with meekness which Sir James could which was in the “black chest” among other unset fallen, rendering it almost marvellous that the city not help insinuating, and owned his errors frankly gems, and he was sure it could never find so fit a should not long before have become a mass of ruins. “I can assure you, Sir James,” he said, “ when I home as on one of those snowy fingers. It was pre- The great aqueduct of Arcueil, which passed over this sought for and accepted a situation in India from an sented-accepted ; and as the chest was opened, he scene of hidden peril, had in reality suffered some old friend of my father, it was with the most anxious found, among other half-forgotten treasures, an ivory shocks, and if the risk had not been timeously discodesire to redeem past errors->errors which, I may work-box, looking as if it belonged to her ; there was vered, it can scarcely be doubted that the ultimate take leave to say, were of the heart not of the head"; 1 room for her name on it, and he thought of having issue would have been the charging of the quarries

after my

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