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CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS, EDITORS OF “ CHAMBERS'S INFORMATION FOR THE PEOPLE,”

“ CHAMBERS'S EDUCATIONAL COURSE," &c.

NUMBER 522.

SATURDAY, JANUARY 29, 1842.

PRICE 1}d.

to be suppressed. All must have experienced satis the use of this consolation is that regard for consisCONSOLATIONS.

factions of this kind. Suppose one is not getting on tency which all men are required to have. The jilted The ills of life being so numerous and so besetting, well at the bar, how gratifying at least to know that gentleman, for instance, may have been pursuing the it is a matter of great consequence to have a ready a hundred other men, quite as good as we, are just as object with the greatest eagerness, in the eyes of all access to the magazine of consolations, and be able to much in lack of practice! Or, suppose a shopkeeper the world, up to the moment when, unexpectedly, apply these to our sores with dispatch and effect. I not getting above half the custom he would like to it has eluded his grasp. This is, of course, rather have long been a careful student of this branch of the have, how thoroughly it calms his mind to know that awkward. People may think that he would have economy of life, and therefore lieve that I may be not one person in the same line, in the whole street, gladly had the lady if he could. Yet such things can able to give some good hints upon the subject. It is, is getting any more than himself! Despondency in be got over. A little plausibility will go a great in the first place, above all things necessary to have such circumstances is entirely out of the question. way to make the notion appear feasible, and the courall the proper consolations at one's finger ends, so that There is not a more jocund set of men breathing than tesy of society, or their indifference to the minutiæ we may never be caught in a mischief that we cannot those very young barristers who get no business. And of your affairs, will do the rest. There is, however, be readily reconciled to. For this reason, in the pre- this just because no one of their set does any better a superior plan of passing off the affair favourably to sent paper, I adopt the plan of putting the various than the rest. This consolation is therefore to be one's self. It takes a form of words such as, either, available consolations into an arrangement of almost regarded in the additional character of a promoter of Oh, I changed my own mind, or, I saw how things were dictionary-like perspicuity.

good fellowship and good humour. It keeps men likely to turn out, and gare up in time. This, being a That others are as unfortunate as myself. This may sweet under circumstances which would otherwise be mere afterthought, designed to deceive others, is of be described as one of the cardinal consolations of hu trying to the temper. There would be no such thing course no consolation to one's self for the actual dismanity. It occurs with a facility which may almost as envy in the world, if this excellent species of con- appointment. But is it not a great matter at least entitle it to rank amongst those ideas which philoso solation were more generally applicable.

to make others think that we have not been disapphers call instinctive. And it has this remarkable The thing was not worth haring. This is another pointed ? quality as a consolation, that, where the circumstances consolation appropriate to cases of disappointment. There are various forms of consolation for failure are such as to make it tolerably applicable, it precludes History informs us that, in very remote times, a cer- in securing applause, being the subject of evil-speakthe necessity for all others. I well remember how tain fox one day made an attempt to get possession of ing, falling victim to popular delusions, unjust power, powerfully it acted at school, when, being myself well certain grapes hanging a little beyond his reach, when and so forth, which a judicious person will take care thrashed, I had the satisfaction of looking along a finding it all in vain, he sagely remarked, that, the to be constantly provided with. A poet with three whole row of companions, all of them under a perfect grapes being of an unusually acid kind, he was quite as readers knows that he is at least admired by the sage parity of cutaneous sensation. Whether it was that well without them. Though this is the first instance few (the wise have always been a small number), and the evil, by being participated, was diminished, or that on record of such an observation being made, we cannot that posterity will do him justice. A defeated candisome mysterious sympathy came to soothe us in our doubt that, long before the times of this celebrated fox, date on a parliamentary election may assure himself distresses, I cannot tell. But of the comfort of having men were accustomed to take their disappointments in that he had all the independent voters on his side, six or eight companions in misfortune there can be a similar philosophical spirit. It is to be remarked of and that it was only the overpowering force of corno doubt. Just so, when one has the misfortune, this consolation, that it naturally occurs only when ruption which carried the day against him. A gentlein mature life, to get into the Gazette, it is quite the preceding one fails. We first would like to see man, hearing he has been spoken of in very injurious restorative to see a good long list of other poor fel no one else get it any more than ourselves ; but, if and depreciatory terms by some person, probably herelows, beginning with the A's and ending with the destiny so wills that some other person does get it, tofore supposed a friend, has it in his power to jump Y's—or the Z's, if there are any-amidst which then we instinctively resort to the consideration that in a moment to a conviction that the ill-will of such one's name takes only its own modest place, according the thing was not worth having. Some writers might a fellow is rather an honour, and that it only would to the situation of its initial in the alphabet. It be of opinion that, coming thus as a dernier resort, it be painful to be the subject of his praise. A philois the same when one catches any unfortunate ail is rather a shabby kind of consolation ; but I, for one, sopher whose views go a great way ahead of his age, ment, and is laid up by it. Sickness is relieved, pain cannot see the thing in that light, it appearing to me and subject him to ridicule and calumny, the effect of assuaged, and languor inspirited, when we hear how to be quite as legitimate to take up with one conso which is to mar his fortune and make him univermany other people have taken the same complaint. lation after another fails, as it is for mariners in dis- sally shunned—what a glorious consolation he has in And, to do mankind justice, there is a great disposi- tress to leave their ship and take to the boat or a the reflection, that about five hundred years hence, tion in one's friends to help one to such consolations. raft. Men must be guided in these matters by consi mankind will be generally of his mind, and disposed At least I can say for my own part, that I never derations of expediency alone, and not be deterred to honour him as one of the greatest geniuses that took any ailment, even of the most out-of-the-way from using good and valid consolations by any absurdly ever lived ! So also when the indiscreet patriot is kind, not excepting some that I never had before piquish notions as to the relations in which they stand condemned to exile, the galleys, or death, how more heard of, but I was immediately informed by friends to each other. Let it at the same time be understood, than consolatory must it be for him to know, that in of numberless other people who were then lying ill of that the former consolation is the preferable one, if it the sentiments of a future generation, the decree will the very same malady. People know how agreeable can be had; but perhaps this is a point on which there be reversed, and probably a pen drawn through his it would be to themselves, were they unwell, to hear is no need for enlarging. The fox himself would have name in the record of the criminal court before which of others being similarly afflicted ; and they accord seen the gradation of the two ideas, and never would he now stands, without a single pitying eye around ingly proffer these consolations with a perfect assur have thought of calling the character of the grapes in him. As for the young soldier who dies in tho field ance of their being attended with a good effect. I question, if he could have believed that they grew of battle, am not sure but it might be worth the faculty's while beyond the reach of men as well as foxes.

“ His king and his country to save," to consider how far such intelligence has a medicable I am rather glad I did not get it. This is a modifiproperty, and to administer it accordingly, in proper cation of the above consolation, so slight as scarcely

we have the authority of all the great lyrists from doses, as suited the necessities of the case. to be entitled to a separate place. Yet it is a very

Tyrtæus to Burns, that it is a positive advantage, If I don't get it nobody else gets it. This is a conso good and available consolation too. As the above

when compared with the natural close of the long dull lation very much akin to the former, and is calculated proceeds upon an assumption of the worthlessness

life of a common citizen : to be exceedingly efficacious in cases of disappoint of the thing sought for, so does this upon an assump

“When victory shines on life's last ebbing sands, ment. Like its amiable predecessor, it usually makes tion of its being positively disadvantageous. It

Oh, who would not die with the brave !" its first appearance in our early days. When the answers particularly well for a gentleman who has He is cut short, it is true, in his career, at a time when whole children of a family are clamouring for some been jilted, the act of jilting affording in itself a sort he rather enjoyed life ; but then his name—will not delicacy or treat, or the exclusive possession of some of presumption that the lady was of a character not it be inscribed in the proud rolls of fame, where it will toy or picture-book, decidedly the next thing to get calculated to make her lover happy as a husband. live for ever? Even the sad case of a flag-of-truce, ting it one's self is hearing mamma declare that she Gentlemen may also apply it with advantage, when seized by a barbarous enemy and hanged as a spy, in will give it to none. This looks fair ; it does not leave balked in their application for an office. They have contempt of all the rules of international law, he may any one a word to say. So, in mature life, when a only to satisfy themselves that the duties were irk- at least take comfort in the assurance that his death number of gentlemen are candidates for a particular some, paltry, or something else, and that the emolu will be amply revenged. This view was strongly post, it is really refreshing to the weary souls of those ments would have been under what they are realising put by the most noble Marquis of Montrose, in conwho have lost hope, when they learn that the office is by their profession. The only puzzling thing about | versation with Captain Dugald Dalgetty, when it was

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thought necessary that that gentleman should proceed | feelings to obliterate the old. Finally, there is the the scene of their future toils, the overseer or mayoral on a mission to the great Argyle. When other per- knowledge of a chastening and improving effect from finds it for the interest of his master to treat them sons in the royalist army declined the service, on ac- well-borne afflictions. In these considerations, and for several months with a considerable degree of lenity, count of the local situation of their estates with regard a few others less of a this-world kind, I respectfully of the whip, and breaking them in by slow degrees to to that of Argyle, Montrose, we are told,“ resolved to submit that the best, because the truest and least selfish, the hours and the weight of labour, which are destined

to break them down long before the period that nature impose the danger and dignity upon Captain Dalgetty, consolations are to be found.

has prescribed. The inmates of these sad receptacles, who had neither clan nor estate in the Highlands

from their age, demeanour, and appearance, convey upon which the wrath of Argyle could wreak itself.

CUBA.

to the visiter a lively idea of the well-organised system • But I have a neck though,' said Dalgetty, bluntly; Tuis great and opulent Spanish island is approaching of kidnapping to which the trade has been reduced, and what if he chooses to avenge himself upon that?

a crisis, from the following circumstances :-Notwith in order to make provision in the interior of Africa I have known a case where an honourable ambassa- standing the treaty agreed to between the British and the coast. The well understood difficulty of break

for the supply of the factories and slave-markets on dor bas been hanged as a spy before now. Neither Spanish governments for the suppression of the slave- ingin men and women of mature age to the labours did the Romans use ambassadors much more merci- trade, and notwithstanding the orders successively of the field, has produced a demand at the barracoons fully at the siege of Capua, although I read that they dispatched by the cabinet at Madrid to the captains for younger victims, so that it is not, as formerly, by only cut off their hands and noses, and suffered them general in Cuba, that colony continues to be the great and theft

, and the still baser relaxation of social ties to depart in peace.? . By my honour, Captain Dal- Shipping station of the West Indies for carrying on

and family relations, that these human bazaars are getty, returned Montrose, 'should the marquis, con- the infamous traffic with Africa ; the captain-general supplied. The range of years in the age of captives, trary to the rules of war, dare to practise any atrocity denying all knowledge of this state of things, and, as appears to extend from twelve to eighteen, and as the against you, you may depend upon my taking such signal every interested person in Portugal, Cuba, and Brazil demand for males is much greater than for females, vengeance that all Scotland shall ring of it!"" “ That is well aware, receiving all the while a capitation-pre- one I had almost said in furour of the masculine will do little for Dalgetty!" I grieve to say, was the sent of about L.20,000 a-year for not seeing that which

gender. In fact, this is very nearly the relative answer of the proposed ambassador-an answer which takes place right under his excellency's nose

. Urged proportion between the sexes in most of the estates can only be attributed to the corruption wrought in by the abolitionists on all sides, the British govern throughout the island. The facilities still left for the his nature by his long services as a mercenary soldier. ment is now insisting that the government of Spain practice of the slave-trade, and the consequent

cheapA true hero would have been at once satisfied with shall carry out the treaty of 1835, by the simple plan racoons, make it more for the interest of the planter the promise of such plenary vengeance as Montrose of preventing any ship prepared for the slave-trade to keep up the numbers of his gang by purchase than held out. Yet, we are bound to record, in honour of from quitting Cuba ; while the British cruisers would by encouraging marriages." the captain, that, after all, he did undertake the office, prevent any vessel from arriving with a slave cargo. We have next some extraordinary particulars of and only escaped the consequences which he appre- The government of Spain promises to do this : Cuba the mixed commission at the Havanna, of which hended by a very narrow chance.

threatens that if this be attempted, she will either the chief duty is to adjudicate on the claims of her There are various tastes in consolations, as in ally herself to the States of America, to which she Majesty's cruisers for the condemnation of the prizes most other things. Some take to one, some to an- would prove an invaluable accession, or that she will they have captured, in consequence of their infraction other, quite naturally, just as the bent of their declare herself an independent country, which it is Britain on the subject of the slave-trade. In the minds inclines them. Others as ill off as my apprehended the government of Madrid would not be whole framework of this commission, and in the prinself"_“ Nobody else gets it any more than I”—these strong enough to prevent. In the mean time, many ciples on which it is constituted, there is something have charms for a particular class of persons inspired sent infamous system broken up; and the slaves missary judge, and

an arbitrator for each nation. Those of the resident colonists are desirous to see the pre- exceedingly farcical. The tribunal consists of a comby a strong sense of justice, which makes it appear themselves

, who far outnumber all the rest of the representing Spain are the Conde de Fernandina and odious that good and bad fortune should be distri. inhabitants, are acquiring dark intelligence of what Don Juan de Montalvo y O'Farrel, both noblemen buted in a partial manner, to their disadvantage. “The has been done for their brethren in the neighbour- of high rank. The English commissary judge is Mr thing was not worth having”-and, “ I am rather glad ing English islands, and thereupon are interchanging Kennedy, a gentleman who will long be remembered I did not get it,” are favourites with a class who have determination, that, though yet unspoken, are already to the British House of Commons, who divided

with

as the only member sent by an English constituency a remarkable power of forgetting their own recent causing the white tyrants to tremble in their

sleep. Mr O'Connell in his celebrated motion for the repeal wishes, and a singular knack of practising happy deThus the entire society of Cuba is in a state of painful of the Union, “In the first instance, the two comceptions upon themselves. “ I have all the sensible agitation. Without attempting to predict what may missary judges hear the evidence adduced by the people on my side"_" Posterity will do me justice"

be the issue of this state of affairs, we think the pre-commander of the British cruiser in support of the “ I at least secure immortality”—and,“ The rascals actual state of the slave-trade and of slavery in Cuba, tory proof of the captain or owner of the prize ; but,

sent an opportune moment to inform the reader of the claim of condemnation, together with the exculpa. will smart for this yet,” these are suitable to persons principally availing ourselves of a very interesting as might be expected from the materials of which the possessed of a strong power of abstraction, which makes work, entitled “ Travels in the West, by David Turn- court is composed, the commissary judges are very the present seem nothing. There is another set of bull, Esq.,” recently published.

rarely agreed in opinion as to the judgment which philosophers who delight in such as—“Well, I know

“ As if to throw ridicule on the grave denials of all ought to be pronounced ; so that it becomes necessary, it can't be helped”—“ It is just my unlucky des successive captains-general by the unwearied denun- settle the difference in the capacity of umpire. To

knowledge of the slave-trade, which are forced from almost invariably, to call in one of the arbitrators to tiny" —and, “ It will be all the same a hundred years ciations of the British authorities, two extensive depôts admit the intervention of both would lead to no prac. hence." This is a peculiarly happy school. So little for the reception and sale of newly imported Africans tical result, as it has been found that the Spanish are they affected by the turns of Dame Fortune, that have lately been crected at the end of the Paseo or arbitrator adopts the views of the Spanish commy only wonder is she continues to give herself the military road, constructed under the former governor- missary with the most edifying uniformity; and the trouble of trying to annoy them.

general Tacon, and just under the windows of bis English functionaries are compelled, in self-defence, There is, lastly, a form of consolation to which 1 | containing 1000, the other 1500 negroes : and I may often as the court is divided in opinion, since it is

present excellency's residence ; the one capable of to follow the example. In this state of things, as must own I have myself a great attachment, con- add, that these were constantly full during the greater by no means a matter of indifference on which of the ceiving that it rests upon somewhat larger views of part of the time (the close of 1838) that I remained arbitrators the powers of an umpire shall devolve, the man's position on earth than any of the rest. It at the Havanna. As the depôts serve the purpose of ingenious expedient has been resorted to, of appealing consists in a firm reliance on the general good arrange- less for the sake of readier access

, and to save the ancient mythology, bas one quality in common with ments of a wise and benevolent Providence, which expense of advertising in the journals, been placed at justice, that of being blind. The dice-box is produced ; makes evil only an exception from present and appa- the point of greatest attraction, where the Paseo ends, the learned judges draw for the short straw ; or Dame rent good, and often turns even evil to account for where the grounds of the

captain-general begin, and Fortune is appealed to, by some other form of lottery, what may be called a deferred benefit. Knowing this the carriages on which the passengers are horrified the Englishman-between their dissident chiefs ;, to be the character of the arrangement of mundane at the unearthly shouts of the thoughtless inmates

, that it may be fairly said at the Havanna, and perhaps affairs, and that life and all its blessings are held who, in their eagerness and astonishment at the pass- also at the other courts of Rio de Janeiro, Surinam, under an obligation to submit to that arrangement, 1 ing train, push their arms and legs through the bars and Sierra Leone, that the condemnation of a slaver humbly endeavour to meet the troubles that befall me gesticulation, which might be expected from a horde merits of the case, as on the doctrine of chancen," with composure and resignation. Evils I admit them of savages placed in circumstances to them so totally to be : I see no good in seeking to extenuate them, or new and extraordinary. Those barracoons, or depôts, Spanish flag are, when equipped for the slave-trade, in looking complacently to the equal or greater woes appear to be considered by the foreign residents as and proved to be so-which is not difficult, from the of others. But, while the Great Arrangement ob- the lions of the place. On the arrival of strangers, unique character of the fittings-up required for this viously does not exclude evil, it as evidently com

they are carried there as to a sight which could not purpose--as liable to capture by our cruisers as if they prises a gift to man of the power of bearing it in a first objects the Prince de Joinville was taken to see

be well seen elsewhere. A barracoon was one of the had slaves on board. Though Mr Buxton and other rational and proper manner, and also certain moral on his first visit to the Havanna. On entering one

warm abolitionists were not satisfied with this treaty,

Mr Turnbull assures us that, under its operation in medicaments of unfailing virtue. One of these is of of the barracoons, which are, of course, as accessible 1839, the Spanish flag, as the banner of slave-ships, a nature the very opposite to some of those above as any other market-place, you do not find so much had already disappeared from the ocean. The Portudescribed, for it consists in the sympathy of friendly immediate, misery as an unreflecting visiter

might guese flag was next resorted to ; but that protection and unselfish natures—those Good Samaritans of the expect. It is the policy of the importer to restore, is already beginning to be distrusted by slave specucommon world, who know not what it is to see suf- that has been wasted, and the health that has been under a recent act of Parliament, embodying the

as soon as possible, among the survivors, the strength lators and capı ains, as the power given to our cruisers fering without wishing to relieve it—who would at all lost, during the horrors of the middle passage. It is terms to which Portugal had acceded, on receiving an times pity rather than blame—and who, like surgeons his interest, also, to keep up the spirits of his victims, indemnity of L.6,000,000 from England, is almost as attending a duel, may almost be said to watch for the prevent their sinking under that fatal home-sickness, that nation as in the case of ships professing to belong occurrence of evil, that they may be instant in their which carries off so many during the first months of to Spain. The great shield of the slave-ships now is endeavours to remedy it. Another is to be found in a their captivity. With this view, during their stay the Hag of the Uniteit States. We are told that the firm unflinching spirit of submission—not the dogged in the barracoon, they are well fed, sufficiently clotlied, refusal

of the America 18 to sanction a mutual right teeth-clenched stubbornness of the Stoic, but the very tolerably lodged ; they are even allowed

the of search, will make it safer for a slaver to sail under patience and meekness of a better philosophy. There luxury of tobacco, and are encouraged to amuse them their flag than under that of any of the govern, is much, too, in the power of our old friend Time. cioas inner court of the building. I have been assured, implicated in the crime. Our authorities at Sierra A new day brings round new experiences and new also, that after leaving the barracoon, and arriving at Leone say, that in a short teie the American flag will

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A TALE OF REAL LIFE.

be the only one flying over the decks of the slave-ship. of Cuba as well as those of the Peninsula. American fully sealed, and altogether business-like. On its being A famous American ship, built in the very first style speculators have been calculating amongst the creoles, handed in, David slowly put his hand into his capacious of symmetry at Baltimore in 1838, of 460 tons burden, and already forty-five miles of railway stretch from waistcoat pocket in search of his spectacles. These sometimes called the Venus, sometimes the Duchess the metropolis into the interior. The Havanna was found and drawn forth, he deliberately opened them, of Brajanza, but known beyond all question as a slaver, taken by the English in 1762, after a hard siege ; but and with equal deliberation placed them on his nose. was višited on the coast of Africa by the officers of a at the subsequent peace it was given up. Its fortifi- All these preparatory proceedings gone through with British cruiser, who inquired what they were doing cations have been since much strengthened; but the due solemnity, David at length opened the mysterious there. She showed her American colours, and an Americans say that England is determined to have letter, and, surrounded by his wondering and auxious swered that they were Americans ; and that, as for the Cuba, by hook or by crook, on the first decent oppor- but profoundly silent family, read as follows:English, it was no business of theirs. It was matter tunity; "and, therefore," said a late orator in Con

London, of notoriety at the Ilavanna, that the Venus had landed gress, “we shall begin the war with England by two cargoes of slaves on the coast of Cuba. Mr Trist, taking possession of Cuba!".. But there is no end to that you are named in the will of the late John Pitt,

Sir,–We have much pleasure in informing you the American consul at the Ilavanna, was informed of speculations on the fate of this valuable island ; so, in Esq. of Woodvale, Jamaica, for a legacy of L.5000. these facts, and reminded of the degree to which his winding up our paper, we refer the reader interested government was pledged, with the other Christian in the politics of the Carribean Sea to Mr Turnbulls cumstance; but shall in a day or two address you again,

We, in the mean time, merely advise you of the cir. powers, to suppress the slave trade. Mr Trist treated very entertaining work, and, in short, to those public with instructions as to proceedings necessary for putthe application of the English authorities as an insult cations which make colonies and slavery their chief ting you in possession of said legacy, also as to time on his government, and in a haughty tone declared, subjects. that "he would not recognise the right of any agent

and manner of payment. We are, sir, your obedient

servants, GRESSEY AND GREGson, Solicitors." of any foreign government to interfere in any possible

TIE LEGACY. mode or degree in the discharge of his duties, or for

It is presumed to be unnecessary to describe the bear repelling such interference if offered.” This

effect this extraordinary and most unexpected comhigh tone was very much praised at home. Mr Trist, it wonld not have been easy-we could almost say munication had upon David Hunter and his family. it must not, however, be forgotten, repudiated the in- impossible--to have found any where a more con The reader will himself form a sufficiently lively idea terference of the British authorities very much on tented or a happier family than that of David Hunter, of it, without our troubling him with a description. the ground that the part acting by our nation was at the period when we first take up their history. The legacy had been wholly unlooked for; the testator but cant and hypocrisy. He declared that British | Yet the Hunters were in but humble circumstances, being a very distant relation, and a person with whom fabrics were made expressly for the coast of Africa, the father and three sons being merely common work- David had never had any correspondence, indeed, of and that great numbers of casks of shackles, of British men in a large bleaching manufactory, at very mode. whose existence he was hardly aware. manufacture, which could easily be traced to the rate wages. But what of that? They were contented, The news of the Hunters' legacy, notwithstanding houses from which they came, were every year im- and that was enough.

the precautions taken by the family to keep the matported into Cuba. “ I have seen,” says Mr Trist, David Hunter, the head of the family, was a truly ter quiet for a little time, soon spread amongst the ** some of these casks passing through the customhouse respectable man for his station in life-quiet, sober, neighbours, who said that David's family, happy behere, without attracting any more notice from either honest, and intelligent. His sons were not behind fore, would surely now be ten times happier. It was officers or bystanders than so many boxes of Dutch him in any of these particulars. They, too, were quiet, reasonable to think so; for, if they were content cheese.” We are afraid there is much melancholy well-behaved lads. The family consisted, altogether, and happy with very limited means, they would certruth in this assertion. Soon after this event, it was of a wife, the three sons just alluded to, and two tainly be much more content and happy when these proved that the partners of the notorious Forcade, daughters—the latter, like all the rest of the family, means became abundant. It was reasonable that it of the Le Haere slaver, were Englishmen, and that being remarkable for their industrious habits and the should be so—that on becoming richer they should his house had been established by English capital ! general propriety of their conduct.

become happier. Did it? We shall see. In short, there is no doubt of the fact, that, amongst But it was the love that the several members of In the course of a few days, David heard again from the capitalists of London, there are at this moment this happy family bore to each other that formed the the London solicitors, who now wrote fully on the several English PIRATES.

most remarkable feature of their communion, and subject of the legacy, and gave him such instructions Our author, in the course of much valuable infor- which most particularly attracted the notice and as put him in possession of the money in less than mation, suggests, that while we are waiting to see excited the adiniration of all who bad an opportunity three months after. For some time subsequent to what can be done with America, another great step of marking it. And such opportunity had the whole this event, no change whatever was observable in the towards the suppression of the slave-trade at the parish in which they resided; for, in going to church, family. Neither pride nor ostentation followed their Havanna would be effected, if Spain could be prevailed they invariably all went together, brother and sister good fortune. On the third or fourth Sunday, howupon to agree to a clause declaring that every Bozal-linked arm in arın, and all talking so kindly, and look ever, the neighbours and others who knew of and had a newly imported African, whose appearance at once ing so fondly in each other's faces-it was delightful observed their affectionate manner towards each other, demonstrates the fact-should be declared free ; for, to see them.

were a good deal surprised at the unusual order in under the present treaty, if the slaves can be once In church, too, it was a pretty sight to see how at which they came to church. Formerly, as already landed, they may be seized by the consignees without tentive the brothers were to their mother and sisters noticed, they used to come in the most loving manner, farther interruption. In his opinion, also, the pre- in pointing out the text and the psalm. These were arm in arm together ; now they came in a string, all vention would be more effective if our cruisers were trifling matters, indeed, but people of discernment separate and wide asunder. There was observable, ordered to confine themselves especially to the west saw a great deal in them. At home, too, it was equally moreover, more or less of an angry and discontented coast of Africa, whence all the slaves must come ; and pleasant to see the Hunters of an evening, after the expression on the countenances of all of them, which, if our captains and crews were stimulated by the re father and the young men had returned from their contrasting so very strikingly as it did with their wards of head-money and tonnage-money, the work work--the house clean and neat; the daughters busily former cheerful looks, was very conspicuous, and atwould be more eagerly done. Mr Turnbull differs employed in sewing; the mother in discharging tracted the notice of the more shrewd observers. from the prevailing opinion, in stating that the ma her household duties; the father seated by the fire Coming to church in this manner, they of course jority of the native planters of Cuba are desirous that in his great wooden arm-chair, and the sons seated entered their pew in a straggling way, one after the the slave importation should cease, but that the mo around him, engaged in lively and cheerful conversa other, at considerable intervals, and not together as ther country wishes it to continue, as thereby, the tion. Great, indeed, though humble, was the happi- formerly-another circumstance, indicative of some fear of an insurrection of the slaves continually hang- ness of the 11unters.

change of feeling, which did not escape the notice ing over the masters, these would be more likely to Their employer, who had a great esteem for David of the congregation ; the report of their sudden acpreserve their reluctant allegiance to Spain. Amongst and his family, was in the babit of looking in upon quisition of wealth having rendered them objects of the motives actuating the former, are the admitted them sometimes, after work hours, when making his special attention for a time. Neither did a total nefacts that one freeman will do as much work as any usual rounds to see that all was right about the field. glect of those little acts of courtesy to each other in two slaves ; and that all the labours of the plantation On these occasions, he never could refrain from saying church, of which we formerly spoke, elude the obser. and of the manufactory might be as safely, and much something congratulatory to David, in reference to vation of those around them. more effectually, performed by white labourers, as has the quiet, cheerful, and affectionate conduct of his People were much surprised at this unusual deportlong been the case in the neighbouring island of Porto children.' He had witnessed the domestic felicity of ment on the part of the Hunters, and wondered if Rico. Cuba contains a large number of white pea- the family often ; but every time he saw it, it struck any disagreement had sprung up among them, and sants, robust and hardy; but it appears that as many as him as forcibly as the first time.

if so, whether the legacy could have any thing to might be wanted could be obtained from the Canaries. “ It would be no small matter, David," he said on one do with it. They said it would be strange if good The out-of-door part of the question is already ad- of these occasions, smiling as he spoke, “that would fortune could do that which bad fortune had been mitted to be in favour of the endurance and power of cause a difference in your family. I hardly think any unable to do-namely, destroy the happiness of the the white man. Respecting the other part, Mr Turn- thing could interrupt the harmony that reigns amongst family, in this remark, alluding to a period when bull says—“ It is a very natural mistake that a Negro you.'

the Hunters had been in great distress from want of can support better than a white man a high artificial “ Well, I believe," replied David, with a very ex-employment and illness together-trials which seemed as well as a high natural temperature. T'he reverse cusable look of complacency, " that hardly any thing only to increase their attachment to each other; while has been completely demonstrated on board the Bri possibly could. There has never been the slightest now it appeared to be precisely the reverse. But tish government steamers on duty within the tropics, difference amongst us yet, and I trust there never had any change really taken place in their feelings where it has been proved that an African constitution will.” The sons and daughters replied to their em towards each other? By retrograding a little in their is not so well suited as that of an European to with ployer's remark by raising their heads, and glancing history we may ascertain this. stand the heat of the furnace, or rather the frequent at šim with a smile which said as plainly as smile can On the third day after the receipt of the legacy, alternations of heat and cold, to which the stoker of a say any thing—“A difference between us ! No, no ; David Hunter called his family around him, and told steam-boat, and the fireman and boilerman of a sugar- such a thing can never be. We love each other too them that he wished to inform them of certain arhouse, are equally exposed.". Thus, it appears, the well and too sincerely for that.”.

rangements regarding the distribution of the legacy suppression of the slave-trade and slavery at this Thus stood matters, then, with David Hunter and amongst them (including a provision for himself and great emporium, is a question of a very mingled cha his family, and thus they remained for several years, wife), on which be had determined. He then proracter, but which time will soon decide one way or with little or no change; only that David and his ceeded to name to his sons the respective sums which another. At present, Cuba is a most prosperous wife were getting a little older, and their sons and he intended giving them to begin business with, and colony: the population is nearly 1,000,000, more than daughters farther on in life. But in their happiness to his daugliters the sum he intended giving them as half of which are coloured ; but the island has surface and attachment to each other there was no change, dowry in the event of their marriage. Having conenough to maintain several millions in plenty. Ha- unless an increase of such happiness and attachment cluded, David looked around for the approbation vanna is one of the finest harbpurs in the world. In a can be so called.

which he felt conscious he deserved. But what was church in the town rest the bones of the great Chris David Hunter and his family were surprised one his surprise and mortification when he perceived in topher Columbus ; his memory is held in solemn evening by a visit from the letter-carrier. He had every countenance the most unequivocal signs of dishonour, the building being closed the whole year, ex not been at their house for two years before ; and then appointment and discontent! There was not one of cept on his anniversary. There are valuable coal and it was with a very primitive-looking epistle, most his children, sons or daughters, pleased with their copper mines in the island, but the want of roads is abominably folded, sealed with a bit of resin instead allotted portions. so great, that much of the worth of the minerals is of wax, and superscribed with a vile hieroglyphical Poor David endeavoured to meet their views by lost in the expense and difficulty of a few miles' car- sort of direction. It was from a very honest, decent altering, modifying, and even by offering to increase riage. The citizens of the Havanna have found it man, however, a brother of David Gunter, who was the different sums by reducing the moderate procheaper to import coal from Liverpool, across 4000 a weaver in Bridgeton near Glasgow. No letter had portion he intended retaining for himself; but to no miles of ocean, than to fetch it on horseback from they received from any quarter since then till now. purpose. No arrangement or distribution he could their own excellent mine, only ten miles off! How. But the letter that made its appearance now was of a propose or suggest would satisfy the expectations or wer, the spirit of enterprise is arousing the Spaniards | very different description, being properly folded, care- I wishes of his children. They did not, indeed, complaiu

Let box now domineer,

Your houses to renew,

To re-adorn the house.

" This done, ea

Where chiefest seemeth he,

customary in some places to light up churches with Roman people used to carry in the Supercalia. An- 1 any piece of furze which might exist in their neigh

openly, much less by either lond or angry expressions; hand of the priest who delivers it ; the choir mean time of Charles II., that when lights were brought in but there was gloom on every brow-sullenness and while singing -“A light to lighten the Gentiles, and at nightfall, people would say—“God sends us the discontent on every countenance.

the glory of thy people Israel !" After the distribu- light of heaven !" The amiable Herbert, who notices From this moment there was no longer any happi- tion, a solemn procession is made, in which one carries the custom, defends it as not superstitious. Someness in David Hunter's family. A feeling of jealousy the censor, another a crucifix, and the rest burning what before this time, we find Herrick alluding to the and dislike was now engendered, which could never candles in their hands.*

customs of Candlemas eve : it appears that the plants. again be eradicated. Poor David saw and bitterly At Rome, the Pope every year officiates at this put up in houses at Christmas were now removed. felt the change, and wished a thousand times that the festival in the beautiful chapel of the Quirinal. When

" Down with the rosemary and bays, legacy had gone to the bottom of the sea instead of he has blessed the candles, he distributes them with

Down with the mistletoo; coming to him, as he deemed it but a poor substitute his own hand amongst those in the church, each of

Instead of holly now upraise for the domestic felicity he had lost. Here will be whom, going singly up to him, kneels to receive it.

The greener box for show. found a sufficient explanation of that difference of The cardinals go first ; then follow the bishops, canons,

The holly hitherto did sway, deportment which had attracted the notice of their priors, abbots, priests, &c., down to the sacristans and neighbours. meanest officers of the church. According to Lady

Until the dancing Easter day

Or Easter's eve appear. David Hunter, seeing that there was no hope of Morgan, who witnessed the ceremony in 1820_“When restoring harmony amongst his children, who were the last of these has gotten his candle, the poor con

The youthful box, which now hath graco now snapping and snarling at each other, morning, sercatori, the representatives of the Roman senate and

Grown old, surrender must his place noon, and night, determined, however painful to his people, receive theirs. This ceremony over, the candles

Unto the crisped yew. feelings it might be, to break up his family. In pur are lighted, the Pope is mounted in his chair and car

When yew is out, then birch comes in, suance of this resolution, he recommended to each of ried in procession, with hymns chanting, round the

And many flowers beside, his sons to betake himself to lodgings of his own, and ante-chapel ; the throne is stripped of its splendid

Both of a fresh and fragrant kin', to start in the world on his own account. To enable hangings; the Pope and cardinals take off their gold

To honour Whitsuntide. them to do so, he said, he would instantly pay them and crimson dresses, put on their usual robes, and

Green rushes then, and sweetest beats,

With cooler oaken boughs, down the different sums he had determined on giving the usual mass of the morning is sung.” Lady Mor

Come in for comely ornaments, them respectively. His sons, though far from satisfied, gan mentions that similar ceremonies take place in sulkily acquiesced in the proposed arrangement; and, all the parish churches of Rome on this day.

Thus times do shift ; each thing in turn does hold; in a few days after, left their father's house, but in It appears that in England, in Catholic times, a New things succeed, as former things grow old." such sullen mood, that they would not tell him either meaning was attached to the size of the candles, and The same poet elsewhere recommends very particular where they were going or what they intended doing. the manner in which they burned during the proces

care in the thorough removal of the Christmas garThey never held any correspondence again. Each sion; that, moreover, the reserved parts of the candles nishings on this eve : brother, thinking the others had got more than they were deemed to possess a strong supernatural virtue :

That so the superstitious find ought to have done, and, of course, he himself less,

man his candle lights,

No one least branch left there behind; never went near each other, but, on the contrary,

For look, how many leaves there be, continued to the end of their lives to entertain a feel

Whose taper greatest may be seen;

Neglected there, maids, trust to me, ing of the most bitter hostility to one another.

And fortunate to be,

So many goblins you shall see."

Whose candle burneth clear and bright: Neither did any of them ever again visit their father,

A wondrous force and might

He also alludes to the reservation of part of the whom they all agreed in accusing of unjust dealing

Doth in these candles lie, which if

candles or torches, as calculated to have the effect of towards them.

At any time they light,

protecting from mischief : Such was the consequence of the legacy; and it may

They sure believe that neither storm

“ Kindle the Christmas brand, and then be taken as another evidence of the well-known truth,

Nor tempest doth abide,
Nor thunder in the skies be heard,

Till sunset let it burn, that an accession of wealth is not necessarily, by any

Nor any devil's spide,

Which quench'd, then lay it up again,

Till Christmas next return. means, an accession of happiness.

Nor fearful sprites that walk by night,
Nor hurts of frost or hail," &c.

Part must be kept, wherewith to teend

The Christmas log next year;
ENGLISH POPULAR FESTIVALS.
The great antiquity of the festival of Candlemas is

And where 'tis safely kept, the fiend

Can do mischief there." We propose giving in the present volume of the unquestionable. Its origin is almost lost in the mists

of the middle ages. St Bernard, if we rightly underJournal notices of the principal festivals or holidays stand Mr Hone's quotation of Butler, speaks of the land, in connexion with Candlemas day.

There is a curious custom of old standing in Scot

On that observed generally by the English people, each notice procession as being introduced into the number published most and Anna, as an example to be followed by all the day it is; or lately was, an universal practice in our nearly to the time of the particular holiday in that earth, walking two and two, holding in their

hands part of the island, for the children attending school candles, lighted from fire, first blessed by the priests, The master sits at his desk or table, exchanging for

to make small presents of money to their teachers. case referred to. We shall thus have an opportunity and singing.” The festival is undoubtedly designed the moment his usual authoritative look for one of of adverting to many curious old customs of the to commemorate the churching or purification of bland civility, and each child goes up in turn and people, and many not less curious old notions of the Mary; and the candle-bearing is understood to refer lays his offering down before him, the sum being popular mind, now alike rapidly fading and going into to what Simeon said when he took the infant Jesus generally proportioned to the abilities of the parents.

in his arms, and declared that he was a light to lighten Sixpence and a shilling are the most common sums in oblivion. We start with

the Gentiles. Thus literally to adopt and build upon most schools ; but some give half and whole crowns,

metaphorical expressions, was a characteristic proces and even more. The boy and girl who give most are Candlemas day, a holiday of the Church of Eng. the festival is to be traced to ancient Roman times. An being then dismissed for a holiday, proceed along the

dure of the middle ages. It is alleged, however, that respectively styled King and Queen. T'he children, land, and the festival of the Purification of the Virgin old English writer upon festivals says, that Candlemas in the Church of Rome, occurs on the 2d of February.

streets in a confused procession, carrying the King It is observed with great pomp throughout the Catho- Romansin lionour of Februa, the mother of Mars, which crossed hands which, probably from this circumstance,

was a Christian engraftment upon the festival of the and Queen in state, exalted upon that seat formed of lic world. The name is derived from the ceremony

was celebrated by women carrying torches and candles. is called the King's Chair. In some schools, it used which the Church of Rome dictates to be observed on this day, namely, a blessing of candles by the clergy, century) who, seeing the Christian people persevering the offerings, to make a bowl of punch and regale It was, he says, Pope Sergius (a pontiff of the seventh

to be customary for the teacher, on the conclusion of and a distribution of them amongst the people, by in the old Pagan custom, ordered that that custom each urchin with a glass to drink the King and whom they are afterwards carried lighted in solemn should be continued for a Christian object-namely, Queen's health, and a biscuit. The latter part of the procession. The more important observances were of

as a celebration of the churching of the Virgin. Du day was usually devoted to what was called the Cancourse given up in England at the Reformation ; but it was still , about the close of the eighteenth century, Cange, again, says that Candlemas was substituted by Alemas bleeze, or blaze, namely, the confiagration of

the this .

CANDLEMAS DAY.

.1

, or, were that , of an artificial In an ancient English book of monastic rules, it is other explanation has been quoted from a sermon of fire. Here we probably have the relic of a different directed that, on the Purification of the Virgin Mary, the month of February to the infernal gods ; and, as February, the after

part of Candlemas day is of the monks “ shall go in surplices to church for candles, at the beginning of it Pluto stole Proserpine, and her which shall be consecrated, sprinkled with holy water, mother Ceres sought her in the night with lighted Bishop of Sebasta, in Armenia, and his name alone

course his ere. St Blaze, or Blasius, was an early and censed by the abbot. Let every monk take a candle froin the sacrist, and light it. Let a procession about the city with lighted candles. Because the holy connected with his festival in England. In the latter candles, so they, at the beginning of this month, walked

seems to have suggested the observances anciently be made, thirds and mass be celebrated, and the fathers could not utterly extirpate this custom, they part of the last century, it was still customary ta candles, after the offering, be offered to the priest."'* Old English Catholic prayer-books give the service in honour of the blessed Virgin Mary; and thus, writer says, that on that day, country women go

ordained that Christians should carry about candles light fires on the hills upon St Blaze's eve. used on this occasion. The candles being brought to

what was once done in honour of Ceres, is now done about and make good cheer ; and if they find any of the altar, the priest says over them several prayers, one of which commences thus :-“O Lord Jesu Christ, who of the celebration of Mary's purification by candle- make a blaze of fire of the distaffe.” The wool

in honour of the Virgin.” Apparently, in consequence their neighbour women a-spinning, they burn and pour out thy benediction upon these candles, and bearing, it became customary for women

to carry combers of Yorkshire have their great festival on this sanctifie them with the light of thy grace," &c.

candles with them, when, after recovery from child-day in honour of St Blaze. An

There seems no better other begins : "Holy Lord, Father Almighty, Ever- birth, they went to be, as it was called, churched. A

reason for the observances peculiar to his day or eve, lasting God, who hast created all things out of nothing, history. William the Conqueror, become, in his elder Ulaze. A sound was a reason in the days of our

remarkable allusion to this custom occurs in English than the jingling resemblance of his name to the word to the perfection of a wax candle ; we humbly beseech days, fat and unwieldy, was confined a considerable

simple fathers. thee that, by the invocation of thy most holy name, King of France, “the King of England lies long in day for so many ages, it is scarcely surprising that

Methinks,” said his enemy the

Considering the importance attached to Candlemas and by the intercession of the blessed Virgin, ever a virgin, whose festivals are this day devoutly celebrated: “When I am churched, there shall be a thousand tendom, that good weather on this day indicates a

childbed.” This being reported to William, he said, there is an universal 'superstition throughout Chrisvouchsafe to bless and sanctifie these candles," &c. lights in France.” And he was as good as his word; long continuance of winter and a bad crop, and that water, saying " Sprinkle me with,” &c., and perfumes the French territory, which he wasted wherever he Thomas Browne, in his Vulgar Eros, quctes a Latin

went with fire and sword. them thrice with incense. Some consecratory prayers

distich expressive of this idea : are then said, as_“ 1 bless thee, O wax, in the name

At the Reformation, the ceremonials of Candlemas

Henry VIII. "Si sol splendescnt Maria purificante, of the Iloly Trinity, that thou mayest be in every day were not reduced all at once.

Major erit glacies post festum quam fuit ante;" place the ejection of Satan and the subversion of all proclaimed in 1939. On Candlemas day it shall be which may be considered as well translated in the prayers, there are various bowings and crossings; and mory of Christ, the spiritual light, whom Simeon did popular Scottish rhyme

“ If Candlemas day be dry and fair, when the consecration is over, the candles are distri. prophesy, as it is read in the cliurch that day.” It is curious to find it noticed as a custoni down to the

The half of winter's to come and mair buted by the pricst to the people, each kneeling, and

If Candlemas day be wet and fou), each kissing the candle as he receives it, and then the * Hone's Every-Day Book, i. 201.

The half u' winter's gane at Yule."
| Barnaby Googe's Translation of Naogeorgus, in the "Popish

A German friend at our elbow informs us that in his
Kingdom.” Ellis's Edition of Brand's Popular Antiquities. country there are two proverbial expressions on this

.

* Posbroke's British Monachista.

BADEN-BADEN TO BASLE.

they do, they reckon it a true presage of a good crop gloomy, and badly paved streets, and are finally hurled directions, the beadle, a person in a uniform, with a

subject : 1. The shepherd would rather see the wolf side, we were brought to a halt, while the carriage and This lofty spire, as is well known, is reckoned one enter his stable on Candlemas day than the sun ; baggage were subjected to the search of a douanier. of the most beautiful specimens of the light Gothic. day, and when he finds snow, walks abroad ; but if Nothing, of course, was found to justify this official Seen from the ground, it appears a tall open frame

work of sculptured stone, with an equally light shaft he sees the sun shining, he draws back into his hole. scrutiny ; but it would be unfair to complain of what

or buttress at each of its four angles, containing inIt is not improbable that these notions, like the festi- every one must encounter on landing in any part of dividually a stair, which to our eye appears like a val of Candlemas itself, are derived from Pagan times, Great Britain. The French and English custom-cork-screw of stone winding aloft to the pointed and have existed since the very infancy of our race. So house functionaries can claim equal honour in the pinnacle. That this elegant object of art has withat least we may conjecture, from a curious passage in

stood the blasts of four centuries, is a sufficient proof Martin's Description of the Western Islands. "On Can- dexterity with which they turn out the contents of a

of the skill of its ingenious architect. dlemas day, according to this author, the Hebrideans lady’s sac-de-nuit.

Having satisfied ourselves with the exterior of the observe the following curious custom :-" The mistress Strasburg, which is reached at the distance of a cathedral, we entered the edifice, and found the inner and servants of each family take a sheaf of oats and mile from the Rhine, occupies a low swampy situation part equally interesting. The plan is the same as that of dress it up in women's apparel, put it in a large bas: on the river 111, which, divided into numerous channels, the minster at Canterbury, the choir being raised four ket, and lay a wooden club by it, and this they call intersects the town in different directions, and forms or five feet above the level of the nare, which adds to three times,' Brüd is come ; Briid is welcome! This wet ditches around it. Nothing is to be seen on ap- is about 350 feet. Like most churches in France, the they do just before going to bed, and when they rise proaching but heavy bastioned walls, emerging from wide expanse of floor, and other parts, are not rein the morning they look among the ashes, expecting dead pools of water and moist green meadows. Pass-markable for cleanliness ; and though in the midst of to see the impression of Brid's club there ; which, if ports are demanded at the gates ; we enter winding, vespers, when some hundreds were kneeling in all

, as ill omen.” into the Grand Place-an open square, in which our lish, and piloted us through clusters of worshippers to

long staff, at once stuck to us on seeing we were Eng. hotel is situated, and which possesses only one object every place worthy our observation. Lighting a candle

of attraction, placed in the centre-a bronze statue of at one of the shrines, he opened a wicket leading to A FEW WEEKS ON THE CONTINENT.

General Kleber, who was a native of the town. Al certain vaults beneath the choir, which he described by though politically belonging to France, since it was

the very appropriate name of the Chapelle de Saint

Sepulchre. At the bottom of a flight of steps, we A MORNING and forenoon's ride in a south-westerly taken by Louis XIV. in 1681, Strasburg is still essen- found it as dark as midnight ; but by a free use of the direction bronght us to Strasburg. Our carriage, on tially German. The greater number of signboards, candle, the outlines of the horrid dungeon were peremerging from the valley of the Oes, entered the broad and also the language of the inhabitants, are German ; ceived to embrace a stone altar, which is used in

certain gloomy offices of religion in Iloly Week, toexpanse of country through which winds the current and we had the pleasure of hearing a German sermon of the Rhine, and which accordingly takes the name in one of the churches, to a congregation composed, large as life, representing Jesus

and his disciples in the

gether with a group of poorly sculptured figures as of the Rheinstrasse. Far on the righit, in a westerly as usual, of women. The cathedral is the main, if not garden, at the moment when Judas, accompanied by direction, the rugged outline of the Vosges mountains the only, object of interest in the town; and it was Jews and Roman soldiers, enters on the scene. The bounded the horizon, while on our left was the similar only to see it that we stayed a night in so abominable loquacious official, who explained all these matters, line of hills which terminate in the dark range called a place. The first sight of this remarkable edifice is pointed to a stair leading to a still lower depth, where the Schwartz-wald, or Black Forest, of which there rather disappointing; but it improves considerably but declining the invitation to descend to these nether absolutely seems to be no end ; for you may travel up on a closer inspection. Of two tall towers, which regions, we made the best of our way to the daylight the country for days, and there are the same dark were designed to form its western extremity, only above. masses fringing the great flat vale of the Rheinstrasse. one is finished, and the other is docked off half way The grand altar in the choir, a splendid erection of With a range of hills on the eastern and western up- a number of Gothic cathedrals on the conti- marble, constructed in 1763, is reckoned one of the

finest things of its kind ; but decidedly the most horizon, the traveller finds not a hillock before him, nent, however, being equally incomplete. The Stras-elegant object is the pulpit, resting against one of the as he penetrates towards Switzerland. The land is a

burg cathedral is likewise by no means singular in lofty pillars in the open nave. We have nothing at dead level, partitioned into ill-cultivated fields, and being stuck nearly round with parasitical buildings, all to compare with this work of art in England. It bearing principally crops of hemp. We are, in fact, occupied either as shops of small traders or as a is of stone, richly sculptured in every part, resting on in one of the great hemp-growing districts of Europe. paltry order of dwelling-houses. That part which six small columns, with one in the centre, all niched It grows in tall green stalks, not unlike bunches of is free to the eye of the spectator, from the ground hanging roof is of the same exquisite workmanship. hemlock, and apparently requires less assistance from upwards, is the most magnificent and vast portion The whole is by the architect, J. Hammerer, who skill or capital than most other crops. This is fortu- of the structure--the western termination, in which constructed it in 1487. In one part of the building nate, as the peasantry who raise it are seemingly is the chief portal, between the elevations of the two is the clock, or horloge astronomique, which once ren. of a poor and toil-worn order. It being the time towers. Although time-worn, dingy, and injured dered the cathedral famous. It is now in disuse, and

of no sort of moment. of hemp harvest, all were busy in their vocation. In by revolutionary mobs, the exterior of the west end is

Leaving the nave, into which streamed the manyevery village, women and children sat before the doors excessively fine-certainly the finest and most gigantic coloured rays of the evening sun through the gorgeous stripping the fibres from the husky stalks ; while the piece of Gothic architecture which I had ever seen ; rosace, we, by permission, ascended the winding stair

in the truncated tower to the platform at which it men were leading home from the fields waggons loaded and as we stood in the confined square in front, scru

abruptly terminates. The ascent was quite safe, but with materials for their industry. The appearance of tinising its elaborate carvings and great height, we

80 toilsome, that we had no wish to penetrate to the these vehicles bespoke the poverty of the people. They could not but alike admire the taste of the architects summit of the complete tower, which rises to a height were of rude construction, on low wheels, and drawn and the patient enthusiasm of the people who raised of 474 English feet, or 24 feet higher than the highest by cows. Horses, as beasts of husbandry, we had such a noble fabric. The building is not all of one era. Egyptian pyramid, and is therefore the most lofty some days ago seen for the last time, and cows had a church which had existed from an early period on work of art in the world. The height of the platform every where been pressed into the service. Wo see the spot, having been destroyed, partly by military of the adjoining tower, yet at this altitude, or nearly

which we attained appears to be less than two-thirds cows ploughing, cows harrowing, and cows drawing violence and partly by an accidental fire, at the be- 300 fcet from the ground, the whole country for fifty waggons in all quarters. I was told that the exercise ginning of the eleventh century, the present edifice miles around lay spread out like a garden before us, is beneficial, but still have an opinion that there is was begun on the ancient foundations in the year with the branching Rhine winding through it like something like shabbiness in making cows both give 1016, and, after various stoppages, was completed as

threads of silver. The town immediately beneath milk and draw carts at the same time, and that, after we now see it in 1439. The first masons in Europe brown flat tiles, and we gazed down upon the people

seemed a pent-up group of houses, with dingy roofs of all, a cow never looks so respectable as when grazing, were employed in the great work, and crowds of in

as they moved to and fro in the market-place as one or chewing its cud in a dreamy contented humour, inferior workmen came from all quarters to assist in the may be supposed to look upon the diminutive bustle a rich green paddock. At all events, much as there undertaking. The architect who planned and partly of an ant-hill. A tolerably strong set of nerves is is to improve among us, I trust it will be long ere our executed the grand portal and towers, and the two required to lean upon the stone balustrade which statisticians, in summing up the amount of animate lateral portals

, was the celebrated Erwin de Steinbach, bold curé, who, in 1522, had the temerity to run round

environs the turret ; yet a story is told of a certain forces in England, will include the item of so many who, dying in 1318, before the completion of his task, it, without falling. A gentleman, with more courage thousand “cow power.”

was succeeded by his son John and his daughter than discretion, at the beginning of last century, Shortly after the hour of noon, the spires of Stras- Sabine, whose genius was of the same high order. wished to imitate or excel the curé, and declared lie burg came prominently into view, at the distance of Many of the finest sculptures on the portals are the would run three times round the top of the balcony.

lle performed two courses safely, but at the third his about two miles ; and immediately approaching the device of this accomplished female architect.

foot slipped, and he was instantly precipitated to the Rhine, we crossed by a wooden bridge to the left bank.

The western extremity, on which has been lavished ground and killed. A faithful dog which accompanied Here the country is so low and level as to be liable such immense labour, has the grand portal in the him, wishing to follow its master, immediately plunged to flooding from the river, which, though hemmed in centre, with two lesser doorways on each side. Each from the platform, and met with the same sad fate. by artificial banks, has broken into various channels of these three main entrances is deeply vaulted, and To commemorate the event, the figure of a dog was and creeks, making two or three swampy islands, par- altogether covered with

figures in relief, representing edifice

. ""A female, a number of ycars ago, committed tially covered with bushes and reeds. Passing through scripture scenes or characters. Above the central and suicide by throwing herself from the platíorm to the a poor-looking small town on the first island, we are

lofty doorway is the rosace, or rose window, resembling ground. In her descent, one of her shoes came off, again brought to the bank of the second main branch

a richly carved wheel, filled with variously coloured and was caught on the point of one of the small proof the Rhinc, forming the boundary of Germany. The glass, and measuring upwards of fifty feet in diameter. jecting pinnacles; and there, as an architectural contwo sides are connected by a long bridge of boats, other storey occupied by a row of tall windows in Above the storey in which is the rosace, there is an

ceit, the figure of a shoe in stone was afterwards

placed. anchored in the impetuous stream, the end which we

The view over the town from this lofty station, as are just leaving being honoured with the attendance florid Gothic ; while the numerous flying buttresses well as a ramble through its streets, conveys a forcibic of a sentinel in the uniform of Baden, and the other

are also highly ornamented and full of historic figures, impression of the miseries produced by hemming a being similarly in charge of a French soldier-of whom among which are pointed out Clovis, Dagobert, the populous city within fortified walls. Over the exthere can be no mistake : his small stature, shambling Emperor Rodolphe of Hapsburg, and Louis XIV.-a panse of the town, I did not see a single inch of figure, and dirty red trousers, at once mark the paratively recent period, after the capture of the town. personage who must have been stuck up at a com- garden or any patch of green behind the houses ; and

the only little spot devoted to the culture of flowers country to which he belongs. Another circumstance The turret or spire which is completed is that on our had been carried, doubtless by some lover of nature

was the flat roof of a house, to which earth and plants immediately reminded us we were now within the left, in lɔoking towards the entrance, and is therefore dwelling beneath. The buildings are generally very confines of France. At a custom-house by the way. I over one of the lateral portals.

tall, and such is the apparent scarcity of room, that

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