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Dismissing, with approbation, is done with a kind aspect and tone of voice: the right hand open, the palm upwards, gently waved towards the person. Dismissing, with displeasure, besides the look and tone of voice which suits displeasure, the hand is hastily thrown out towards the person dismissed, the back part of the hand towards him, and the countenance at the same time turned away from him.
Dismissing with Complaisance.
Chat. Then take my king's defiance from my mouth,
K. John. Bear mine to him, and so depart in peace:
Shakes. King John.
Refusing, when accompanied with displeasure, is done nearly in the same way as dismissing with displeasure. Without displeasure, it is done with a visible reluctance, which occasions bringing out the words slowly, with such a shake of the head and shrug of the shoulders, and hesitation in the speech, as implies perplexity between granting and refusing, as in the following example:
Refusing to lend Money.
They answer in a joint and corporate voice,
Something hath been amiss-a noble nature
May catch a wrench-would all were well-'tis pity;
Refusing with Displeasure.
Met. Most high, most mighty, and most puissant Cæsar,
Cas. I must prevent thee, Cimber;
With that which melteth fools; I mean, sweet words,
Thy brother by decree is banished;
If thou dost bend, and pray, and fawn for him,
Ibid. Jul. Cas.
When done with unreserved good-will, is accompanied with a benevolent aspect, and tone of voice; the right hand open, with the palm upwards, extending towards the person we favour, as if delivering to him what he asks; the head at the same time inclining forwards, as indicating a benevolent disposition and entire consent.
Giving a Daughter in Marriage.
Pros. If I have too severely punished you,
Were but my trials of thy love, and thou
Fer. I do believe it
Here, afore heav'n,
Against an oracle.
Pros. Then as my gift, and thine own acquisition,
Gratitude puts on an aspect full of complacency. If the object of it be a character greatly superiour, it expresses much submission. The right hand open with the fingers spread, and pressed upon the breast just over the heart, expresses very properly a sincere and hearty sensibility of obligation.
Gratitude for great Benefits.
O great Sciolto! O my more than father!
Rowe's Fair Penitent
Curiosity opens the eyes and mouth, lengthens the neck, bends the body forwards, and fixes it in one posture, nearly as in Admiration. When it speaks, the voice, tone, and gesture, nearly as Inquiry. See INQUIRY.
Curiosity at first seeing a fine Object.
Pros. The fringed curtains of thine eye advance,
And say what thou seest yond.
Mir. What! is't a spirit?
Lo, how it looks about! believe me, Sir,
It carries a brave form.
But 'tis a spirit.
Pros. No, wench, it eats and sleeps, and hath such senses As we have, such.
Mir. I might call him
A thing divine, for nothing natural,
Promise of prosperous Events.
Promising is expressed by benevolent looks, a soft but earnest voice, and sometimes by inclining the head, and hands open, with the palms upwards, towards the person to whom the promise is made. Sincerity in promising is expressed by laying the right hand gently on the left breast.
I'll deliver all,
And promise you calm seas, auspicious gales,
To parents, superiours, or persons of eminent virtue, is an humble and respectful acknowledgment of their excellence, and our own inferiority. The head and body is inclined a little forward, and the hand, with the palm downward, just raised so as to meet the inclination of the body, and then let fall again with apparent timidity and diffidence; the eye is sometimes lifted up, and then immediately cast downward, as if unworthy to behold the object before it; the eye-brows are drawn down; the features, and the whole body and limbs, are all
composed to the most profound gravity. When this rises to adoration of the Almighty Creator and Director of all things, it is too sacred to be imitated, and seems to demand that humble annihilation of ourselves, which must ever be the consequence of a just sense of the Divine Majesty, and our own unworthiness.
Is but a less degree of veneration, and is nearly allied to modesty.
Expresses itself by bending the body forwards, and stretching the arms towards the object, as to grasp it. The countenance smiling, but eager and wishful; the eyes wide open, and eye-brows raised; the mouth open; the tone of voice suppliant, but lively and cheerful, unless there be distress as well as desire; the expressions fluent and copious; if no words are used, sighs instead of them; but this is chiefly in distress.
Commendation is the expression of the approbation we have for any object in which we find any congruity to our ideas of excellence, natural, or moral, so as to communicate pleasure. As commendation generally supposes superiority in the person commending, it assumes the aspect of love, (but without desire and respect,) and expresses itself in a mild tone of voice, with a small degree of confidence the arms are gently spread, the hands open, with the palms upwards, directed towards the person approved, and sometimes gently lifted up and down, as if pronouncing his praise.