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I heard you say," Is not my arm of length
"That reacheth from the restful English court,
"As far as Calais to my uncle's head ?"
Among much other talk, that very time
I heard you say, you rather had refuse
The offer of an hundred thousand crowns
Than Bolingbroke return to England:
Adding, withal, how blest this land would be,
In this your cousin's death.

If that thy valour stand on sympathies,
There is my gage, Aumerle, in gage to thine.
I heard thee say, and vauntingly thou spak'st it,
That thou wert cause of noble Glo'ster's death!
If thou deny's it, twenty times thou liest;
And I will turn thy falsehood to thy heart,
Where it was forged, with my rapier's point.


Denying what is affirmed is but an affirmation of the contrary, and is expressed like affirmation. De nying a favour-see REFUSING.

Denying an Accusation.

If I in act consent, or sin of thought,
Be guilty of the stealing that sweet breath,
Which was embounded in that beauteous clay,
Let hell want pains enough to torture me!
I left him well.

Differing about the conduct of a War.

Bru. Well, to our work alive. What do
Of marching to Philippi presently?

Cas. I do not think it good.

Bru. Your reason?

Rich. II.


Differing in sentiment may be expressed nearly as refusing. See REFUSING.

Cas. This it is:

'Tis better that the enemy seek us,

So shall he waste his means, weary his soldiers,

King John.

you think

Doing himself offence; whilst we, lying still,
Are full of rest, defence, and nimbleness.

Bru. Good reasons must of force give place to better.
The people 'twixt Philippi and this ground,
Do stand but in a forc'd affection:
For they have grudg'd us contribution.
The enemy marching along by them,
By them shall make a fuller number up,
Come on refresh'd, new added, and encouraged;
From which advantage shall we cut him off,
If at Philippi we do face him there,

These people at our backs.

Cas. Hear me, good brother

Bru. Under your pardon. You must note beside,
That we have tried the utmost of our friends,
Our legions are brimful, our cause is ripe ;
The enemy increaseth every day,
We, at the height, are ready to decline.
There is a tide in the affairs of men,

Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune;
Omitted, all the voyage of their life
Is bound in shallows and in miseries.
On such a full sea are we now afloat,
And we must take the current when it serves,
Or lose our ventures.

Shakesp. Jul. Cas.


Agreeing in opinion, or being convinced, is expressed nearly as granting. See GRANTING.

Agreeing in an Enterprize.

Post. I embrace these conditions; let us have articles

betwixt us; only thus far you shall answer, if you make your addesses to her, and give me directly to understand you have prevailed, I am no farther your enemy; she is not worth our debate. If she remain unseduced, you not making it appear otherwise; for your ill opinion, and the assault you have made to her chastity, you shall answer me with your sword.

Jac. Your hand, a covenant; we will have these things set down by lawful counsel, and straightway for Britain, lest the bargain should catch cold and starve. I will fetch my gold, and have our two wagers recorded. Ibid. Cymbeline.

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Judging, demands a grave steady look, with deep attention, the countenance altogether clear from any appearance, either of disgust or favour. The pronunciation slow, distinct, and emphatical, accompanied with little action, and that very grave.

Judging according to strict Law.

Her. I beseech your grace that I may know,
The worst that may befall me in this case,
If I refuse to wed Demetrius.

Thes. Either to die the death, or to abjure
For ever the society of men.
Therefore, fair Hermia, question your desires,
Know of your youth, examine well your blood,
Whether, not yielding to your father's choice,
You can endure the livery of a nun,
For aye to be in shady cloister mew'd,
To live a barren sister all your life,

Chanting faint hymns to the cold fruitless moon.
Thrice blessed they that master so their blood,
To undergo such maiden pilgrimage!
But earlier happy is the rose distill'd
Than that which, withering on the virgin thorn,
Grows, lives, and dies in single blessedness.

Her. So will I grow, so live, so die, my lord,
Ere I will yield up my virginity
Unto his lordship, to whose unwish'd yoke
My soul consents not to give sovereignty.

Thes. Take time to pause, and by the next new moon,
(The sealing day betwixt my love and me,
For everlasting bond of fellowship)
Upon that day either prepare to die
For disobedience to your father's will,
Or else to wed Demetrius, as he would,
Or on Diana's altar to protest
For aye austerity and single life.

Shakesp. Mids. Night's Dream.


Reproving puts on a stern aspect, roughens the voice, and is accompanied with gestures, not much

different from those of threatening, but not so lively. It is like Reproach, but without the sourness and ill-nature. See REPROACH.

Reproving with Authority.

How comes it, Cassio, you are thus forgot,
That you unlace your reputation thus,
And spend your rich opinion for the name
Of a night brawler? Give me answer to it.

Shakespeare's Othello.


Acquitting is performed with a benevolent, tranquil countenance, and mild tone of voice; the right hand is open, and waved gently towards the person acquitted, expressing dismission. See DISMISS



Condemning assumes a severe look, but sometimes mixed with pity. The sentence is expressed either with severity or pity, according to the guilt of the person condemned.

Passing sentence with Severity.

For this new-married man approaching here,
Whose salt imagination yet hath wrong'd
Your well-defended honour; you must pardon him
For Mariana's sake; but as a judge,
Being doubly criminal, in violation

Of sacred chastity, and in promise breach,
Thereon dependent for your brother's life,
The very mercy of the law cries out
Most audible, ev'n from his proper tongue,
An Angelo for Claudio; death for death.
Haste still pays haste, and leisure answers leisure;
Like doth quit like, and measure still for measure.
Then, Angelo, thy faults are manifest;

Which, tho' thou would'st deny 'em, deny thee 'vantage.

We do condemn thee to the very block

Where Claudio stoop'd to death, and with like haste.
Away with him.
Shakes. Meas. for Meas.

Passing sentence with Pity and Reluctance.

God quit you in his mercy! Hear your sentence:
You have conspir'd against our royal person,
Join'd with an enemy, and from his coffers
Receiv'd the golden earnest of our death;
Wherein you would have sold your king to slaughter,
His princes and his peers to servitude,
His subjects to oppression and contempt,
And his whole kingdom into desolation.
Touching our person, seek we no revenge;
But we our kingdom's safety must so tender,
Whose ruin you three sought, that to her laws
We do deliver you. Go, therefore, hence,
Poor miserable wretches, to your death,
The taste whereof, God of his mercy give
You patience to endure, and true repentance
Of all your dire offences. Bear them hence.

Ibid. Hen. V.


Pardoning differs from acquitting in this the latter means clearing a person after trial of guilt, whereas the former supposes guilt, and signifies merely delivering the guilty person from punishment. Pardoning requires some degree of severity of aspect and tone of voice, because the pardoned person is not an object of entire unmixed approbation.

Pardoning a cruel Prosecution.

That thou may'st see the difference of our spirits,
I pardon thee thy life before thou ask'st it:
For half thy wealth, it is Anthonio's ;
The other half comes to the general state
Which humbleness may drive into a fine.

Ibid. Merch. of Ven

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