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Gov. Coles on Titles, 447. Gen. Lafayette's visit to Illinois, 447.

Shawneetown in 1817, 448.

CHAPTER IX-Tenth General Assembly-1824-26...


Retirement of Gov. Coles, 450.

CHAPTER X-Slavery in Illinois...

When and how Slaves were held in Illinois. 450. Gallatin County

made an Exception in the Constitution, 451. An attempt in 1822 to

make Illinois a Slave State, 452. Vote of the House of Represent-

atives on the Question, 453. A hot Campaign before the People,

454. Vote of the State against Slavery, 455.


How a Challenge was Avoided, 479. Twelfth General Assembly-

1840-42, 480, Chicago, 481. First Newspaper in Chicago, 481. Chi-

cago a part of Pike county, 481. First Railroad, 482. First Mayor,

482. State Government-1842-46, 483.

CHAPTER XIX-Murder of Rev. Elijah P. Lovejoy

Establishment of his Press in St. Louis, 484. Its Removal to Al-

ton, 484. Its Destruction by a Mob, 484. Re-establishment of the

Paper, 484. An Attempt to Tar and Feather Lovejoy, 485. Meet-

ing of the Citizens of Alton to Compel him to Abandon the Publi-

cation of his Paper, 485. A Brave Speech in Self-Defense, 486.

Murder of Lovejoy and Destruction of his Fourth and Last Press,

490. His Funeral, 492. Monument to his Memory, 493.

CHAPTER XX-Fourteenth General Assembly-1844-46.....

McDougall, 494. Administration of Gov. Ford, 494. Mexican War,

State Government-1846-49, 496. Constitutional Conven-

tion, 1847, 496. Peculiar Features of the Constitution, 498. Salaries

of State officers, 498. Article Relating to Negroes and Mulattoes,

498. State Government-1849-53, 499.





CHAPTER XXI-Internal Improvement System of 1837...


Appointment of Fund Commissioners, 501. Illinois and Michigan

Canal, 500. Board of Public Works, 501. System of Railroads,

502. Mail Routes, 502. Improvement of the Rivers, 502. $10,607,000

Appropriated by the General Assembly for Public Improvements,

502. Who Voted for the Bill, 502. Who Voted against the Bill, 502.

Bankruptcy, 503. General Assembly 1850–52, 504. Gov. French,


CHAPTER XXII-Our First Railroads........


Gov. Duncan's Opposition to Railroads, 505. Senator Gatewood's

Opposition, 507. Report of Committee favor Canals in Preference

to Railroads, 507. Number of Miles of Railway, 511. Number of

Miles of Canal, 511. Amount of Taxes Paid by Illinois Central

Railway, 511. Amount Paid by other Railways in 1883, 511. Gov.

Duncan's Problem Solved, 511. State Government 1853–57, 511.

Passage of the Black Laws, 512.

CHAPTER XXIII-Printing......


First Newspapers in Illinois, 512. First Books Printed, 513. Print-

ing Presses Then and Now, 514. First Daily Papers, 515, Chicago

Papers, 514. Papers at the Capital, 516. Weekly Journals, 516.

Interior Dailies, 516. Eminent Journalists, 518.

CHAPTER XXIV-Nineteenth General Assembly 1854-56........


Election of Lyman Trumbull to the United States Senate, 519.

Why Lincoln was not Elected, 520. Railroads, 520, Illinois had

but one Railroad in 1841, 520. Now she has 56, 520. More miles of

Railway than any State in the Union. 522. Manufacturing and

Mining, 522. Physical Resources, 523. Primitive Mode of Farm-

ing, 53. Public Charities, 524. Judiciary, 525.










10-Coles.- From Washburne's Sketch of Coles, by

Jansen, McClurg & Co., Chicago.



Formation of Parties-First Election of Washington without Political Sig

nificance-Election of John Adams as a Federalist-Jefferson Elected as a Republican-Madison as a Republican-Monroe as a Republican-John Quincy Adams as a Coalitionist-Jackson as a Democrat-Van Buren as & Democrat-Harrison as a Whig-Polk as a Democrat-Taylor as a Whig-Pierce as a Democrat-Buchanan as a Democrat-Only Presidents Elected by the flouse of Representatives-National ConventionsFederal Party-Democratic -National Republican-Whig-AbolitionFree Soil-Know-Nothing-Native American-Republican-Slavery Question-Election of Bissell-Dred Scott Decision-Repeal of the Missouri Compromise-Attempt to make Kansas a Slave State.

In order to intelligently lay the foundation of our history, POLITICS AND POLITICIANS OF ILLINOIS, which begins in 1856 with the campaign in which the Republican party was organized, a brief retrospect reference is made to National politics.

Historians are not agreed as to the exact time of the formation of political parties in the United States, but it is accepted that Washington, the first President, was elected in 1789 without political significance, and that at his second election, in 1792, he was denominated a Federalist. In 1796, John Adams, his successor, was elected as a Federalist. In 1800, Thomas Jefferson was elected as a Republican. There was a tie in the Electoral College between him and Aaron Burr, and the election was carried to the House of Representatives. Jefferson was elected President and Burr Vice-President. In 1804, Jefferson succeeded himself as a Republican. In 1808, James Madison was elected as a Republican. In 1812, he succeeded himself as a Republican.

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