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10-Coles.- From Washburne's Sketch of Coles, by

Jansen, McClurg & Co., Chicago.



Formation of Parties-First Election of Washington without Political Significance-Election of John Adams as a Federalist-Jefferson Elected as a Republican-Madison as a Republican-Monroe as a Republican-John Quincy Adams as a Coalitionist-Jackson as a Democrat-Van Buren as a Democrat-Harrison as a Whig-Polk as a Democrat-Taylor as a Whig-Pierce as a Democrat-Buchanan as a Democrat-Only Presidents Elected by the House of Representatives-National ConventionsFederal Party-Democratic-National Republican-Whig-AbolitionFree Soil-Know-Nothing-Native American-Republican-Slavery Question-Election of Bissell-Dred Scott Decision-Repeal of the Missouri Compromise-Attempt to make Kansas a Slave State.

In order to intelligently lay the foundation of our history, POLITICS AND POLITICIANS OF ILLINOIS, which begins in 1856 with the campaign in which the Republican party was organized, a brief retrospect reference is made to National politics.

Historians are not agreed as to the exact time of the formation of political parties in the United States, but it is accepted that Washington, the first President, was elected in 1789 without political significance, and that at his second election, in 1792, he was denominated a Federalist. In 1796, John Adams, his successor, was elected as a Federalist. In 1800, Thomas Jefferson was elected as a Republican. There was a tie in the Electoral College between him and Aaron Burr, and the election was carried to the House of Representatives. Jefferson was elected President and Burr Vice-President. In 1804, Jefferson succeeded himself as a Republican. In 1808, James Madison was elected as a Republican. In 1812, he succeeded himself as a Republican.

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