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Kamtchatka described, 37. Conquered by MacDougal, Duncan, partner in the Pacific

the Cossacks, 128. Its position on the Company, 294. Sells the establishments
Pacific ascertained, 129.

to the North-West Company, 303. See
Kendrick, John, commands the first trading Astoria.

expedition from the United States to the MacKenzie, Alexander, explores the north-
North Pacific, 179. Arrives at Nooika, western parts of America ; reaches the
181. Sails in the sloop Washington through Arctic Sea, 263. Reaches the Pacific,
the Strait of Fuca, 200,217. The first who 264. MacKenzie River discovered by
engaged in the transportation of sandal- MacKenzie, 263.
wood from the Sandwich Islands to Canton, Magellan, Fernando, sails from the Atlantic
228. His purchases of lands from the through Magellan's Strait into the Pacific,
Indians at 'Nootka; accidentally killed, and across the latter ocean to India, 46.

Malaspina, Alexandro, explores the coasts
Kodiak Island, 35. Settlement on it by the near Mount St. Elias, in search of a
Russians, 161.

passage supposed to communicate with
Krenitzin and Levaschef, voyage of, 137. ihe Atlantic ; arrested and imprisoned
Krusenstern, A. J. von, commands a Rus- on bis return to Spain ; bis name not

sian exploring expedition to the Pacific, mentioned in the account of his voyage
272. His great merit as a navigator ; his officially published at Madrid, 222.
journal of ihe expedition ; efficient in the Maldonado, Lorenzo Ferrer de, account of
reform of abuses in Russian America, his pretended voyage from the Aulantic to

the Pacific, 78.
Maldonado, Pedro Nuñez de, makes the

first voyage along the west coast of Mexico,

by order of Cortes, 49.

Maquinna, chief of Nootka, 167. Grants

land to Meares for his temporary use,
Ladrillero, Juan, an old Spanish pilot, 174. Denies that the British had bought

who pretended to have made a norihern lands or erected buildings at Nootka, 242.
voyage from the Atlantic to the Pacific, Takes the ship Boston, of Boston, and

murders nearly all her crew, 268.
Ledyard, John, corporal of marines in Cook's Marchand, Etienne, commands the ship

expedition, 149. ` Escapes from a British Solide, from Marseilles, in her voyage
ship, off the coast of Connecticut, 162. En- around the world, 223. Sees the islands
deavors to obtain means to engage in the which had been previously discovered by
fur trade; attempts to go by land from Ingraham, of which he sent an acconnt to
Paris to Kamtchaika; arrested at Irkutsk, France, claiming the discovery. Ingra-
and forced to return; attempts to discover ham's claim admitted by Fleurieu, the
the source of the Nile, and dies at Cairo, editor of Marchand's Journal; Journal of

Marchand's voyage, edited by Fleurieu ;
Lewis, Meriwether, and John Clarke, com- general characier of the work, 223. See

missioned by President Jefferson to explore Fleurieu.
Missouri and Columbia countries, 284. Marcos de Niza, a Franciscan friar, pretends
Voyage up the Missouri to its sources; to have discovered a rich and populous
passage through the Rocky Mountains, country, called Cibola, north-west of
285. Descend the Columbia to the Mexico, 59.
Pacific ; winter at the mouth of the Co- Martinez, Estevan, pilot to Perez, in the
lumbia, 236. Return to the United States, Santiago; pretends to have rediscovered
287. General results of their expedition; the Strait of Fuca, 116. Commands in a
their Journal written by Lewis; melan- voyage of observation to the coasts occu-
choly death of Lewis, 288.

pied by the Russians, 185. Ordered by
Lewis, or Snake, or Sahaptin River, principal ihe viceroy of Mexico to occupy Nootka

southern branch of the Columbia, dis- Sound, 187. Arrives at Nooika, 191.
covered by Lewis and Clarke, 287. De- Seizes the Iphigenia, but afterwards re-
scribed, 24.

leases her, 192. Seizes the North-West
Linn, Lewis F., bis hill and speeches in the America, 194. Seizes the Argonaut, and
Senate of the United States on the occupa- imprisons her captain, 195. Seizes the
tion of Oregon, 379, 382.

Princess Royal, 198. Reflections on these
Louisiana, settled by the French; granted acts, 197. Returns to Mexico, 198.
by Louis XIV. to Crozat, 100; and after- Maurelle, Antonio, pilot, under Bodega, in
wards to Law, 102. Ceded by France to his voyages along the north-west coasts,
Spain, 102. Retroceded by Spain to France, 117 - 125. His Journal of the first of these
and sold by France to the United States, voyages, translated and printed at London,
278. Its extent at different times, 107, 277, 117. Importance of this work, 123. His
282. Comprehended no territory west of the Journal of the other voyage, 125.
Rocky Mountains, 282. Northern boundary Meares, Jobn, his first voyage to the north-
not determined by commissaries agreeably west coast, 166. His second voyage, under
to the treaty of Utrecht, as generally sup- the Portuguese flag, with the 'Felice and
posed, 281, 436.

Iphigenia, 172. Instructed to take any

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vessels which may attempt to molest him, Proceedings of the Spaniards under Mar.
but not instructed to form any establishment tinez, 191. Claims of the British to the
or purchase lands, 173, Reasons for his possession of the country examined, 242,
sailing under the Portuguese flag, 174. 256. The Spaniards abandon it, 257.
Arrives in the Felice at Nootka, where he Capture of the ship Boston by the natives,
ohtains from Maquinna the use of a piece and murder of her crew, 268.
of ground, afterwards claimed by him as Nootka treaty, or convention of 1790, between
purchased, 174. Receives from Berkeley an Great Britain and Spain, 477. Discussions
account of the rediscovery of the Strait of which led to it, 202 – 209. (See Meares.)
Fuca, by the latter, 171. Yet claims the Review of its stipulations, 213, 319. Expired
merit of the rediscovery himself, 175. in 1796, 259, 318. Not to be regarded as a
Seeks in vain for the great River San definitive seulement of principles, 340.
Roque, (the Columbia,) as laid down on Its continual subsistence asserted by Great
Spanishcharts, 176. Déclares that no such Britain, 349.
river exists, 177. Yet the British govern- North-West Fur Trading Company of
ment claims the discovery of the Columbia Montreal founded; its system, 262. First
for him, 178, 440. His account of the posts established by it west of the Rocky
arrival of the sloop Washington at Nootka, Mountains, 291. Purchases the establish-
181. Returns to China, 180. Sent to Lon- ments of the Pacific Coinpany, 304. Dis-
don, to complain of the seizure of the vessels putes with the Hudson's Bay Company
at Nooika, by the Spaniards, 202. His 323. Union of the two companies, 325.
memorial to the British government, 203.
Its numerous falsehoods and inconsistencies,
172, 175, 178, 193, 211.

• 0
Mendocino, Cape, 19. Discovered, 63.
Mendoza, Antonio de, sent as 'viceroy to Oregon City at the Falls of the Willamet, 33.

supersede Cortes in the government of Oregon, river, so called by Carver, supposed
Mexico, 54. Attempts to discover new to flow from the central parts of North
countries in America, 55.

America to the Pacific, 142. (See Carver,
Mendoza, Diego Hurtado, commands the and Columbia river.)

ships sent by Cortes to explore the Pacific Oregon territory, the name applied to the
coasts of America, 51.

country drained by the Columbia, 359.
Metcalf, voyage of, fires on the natives at Description of Oregon, 21. Treaty between

Mowee, 224. Young Metcalf and his crew the United States and Great Britain seitling
murdered by the natives of Owyhee, 225. its northern boundary, 402, 482.
Missionaries, American, in the Sandwich Ossinobia, name given by Lord Selkirk to
Islands, 370.

the country purchased by him on the Red
Moncachtabe, an Indian, his account of a River, 324.

great river, flowing from the central parts Owyhee, or Hawaii, the largest of the Sand-

of North America to the Pacific, 145. wich Islands, discovered by Cook, 157.
Monroe, James, secretary of state of the Pretended cession to Great Britain, 251.

United States, declares to the British
minister the intention of his government
to secure the possession of the mouth of

the Columbia, agreeably to the treaty of
Ghent, 307. President of the United States; Pakenham, the Right Honorable Richard,
bis message, declaring the American con- minister of Great Britain at Washington,
tinents not subject to colonization by 386 ; negotiation with Mr. Buchanan, sec-
European nations, 335.

retary of state of the United States, 399,
Monterey discovered by Cabrillo, and so 400. Concludes Oregon treaty, 402.

named by Vizcaino, 90. Colony established Parliament, act of the British, respecting the
there by the Spaniards, 109. Taken by a Hudson's Bay territories, and Oregon, 325,
Buenos Ayrean privateer, 365. Taken by
an American squadron, under Captain Pearce, Lieutenant of British marines, his
Jones, 367.

letter respecting the surrender of Nootka,


Perez, Juan, voyage from Mexico along the

north-west coast to the 54th degree of lati-

tude, 114. Discovers Nootka Sound, called
Navarrete, Martin F. de, chief of the Hydro- by him Port San Lorenzo, 116, 153.

graphical Department at Madrid ; bis labors Perouse, Francois G. de la, voyage along a
with regard io the history of early voyages part

the north-west coast, 163.
of discovery in America, 82.

Philippine Islands conquered by the Span-
Nooika Sound, described, 29. Discovered iards, 65.

by the Spaniards under Perez, and called Poletica, Chevalier de, Russian minister in
Port San Lorenzo, 113. Cook enters it the United States; correspondence with
with his ships, and calls it King George's the American government respecting the
Sound, 153. The principal rendezvous of ukase of 1821, 332.
the fur trader for some time, 167. Pro- Promuschleniks, general name for the Rus-
ceedings of Meares at Nootka, 174. The sians employed in the service of the Russian
Spaniards determine to occupy it, 187. American Trading Company, 270.



tended cession of Owyhee to Great Britain

by Tamahamaha, 251. Tamahamaha sofer-
Quadra and Vancouver's Island, 29, 240. eign of the whole group, 268. Death of
Quadra. See Bodega.

Tamahamaha, 329. Christianity introduced
Queen Charlotte's or Washington's Island, into the islands, 330. Proceedings of the
discovered by Perez, 115. Not seen by American missionaries ; language of the
Cook, 153, 170. Seen by La Perouse, 164; islands, 330. Expulsion of the Catholic
and by Dixon, who gave it its present name, missionaries, and their reinstatement, 371.
164. Its west coast first explored by Gray, The British occupy the islands temporarily,
who names it Washington's Island, 199. 373. Diminution of the native population,
Described, 29.

374. See Cook, Tamahamaha, Metcalf,

Vancouver, Ingraham.

Santa Barbara Islands, 17. Discovered by

Cabrillo, 62.

Schelikof, Gregory, establishes Russian colo-
Red river Settlements, made by Lord Selkirk, nies on the coasts and islands of America,

161. The founder of the Russian American
Rocky Mountains described, 5. First called Company, 269.

the Shining Mountains, or Mountains of Sitka, or New Archangel, capital of Russian
Bright Stones, 143, 262.

America, 35. Founded by Baranof, 270.
Rush, Richard,' minister plenipotentiary of Snake river. See Lewis river.

the United States at London ; discussion South Pass in the Roeky Mountains, 6. Dis-
with Lord Castlereagh respecting the covered by Ashley, 357.
restoration of Astofia, 308. - His first Sutil and Mexicana, voyage of, 239, 241, Sce
negotiation respecting ihe claims of the Galiano and Valdes.
United States, 314. Concludes a conven-
tion on the subject in 1818,315. His second
negotiation on the subject, 336. Talent

and industry displayed by him, 340.
Russia, government proposes an arrangement Tamahamaha, a chief of note in Owyhee,

with the United States respecting the 168. King of Owyhee, 249. Pretended
trade of American vessels in the North cession of the sovereignty of his island to
Pacific, 275. Forbids foreign vessels from the British, 251. Acquires the dominion
trading in the North Pacific, 332. (See over all the islands, 268. His acuteness in
Ukase.) Convention with the United trade, 269, 296. His death and character,
States, 342. Treaty with Great Britain, 329.
343. Convention with the United States Tchirikof, Alexei, voyages of, 129, 130, 133.
virtually abrogated by that treaty, 343. Texas annexed to the United States, 396.
Refuses to renew the fourth article of the See Bering.

convention with the United States, 362. Treaties, all, abrogated by war between the
Russian American Company established by parties, 259. This principle maintained by

charter, 269. Its territories, 34. Its system, Great Britain, 318.
270. Abuses in the administration of its Treaty of partition between Spain and Portu-
possessions, 271. Many abuses removed, gal in 1494, 44. Of Saragossa, between
274. Renewal of its charter; great im- the same powers, in 1529,47. The American
provement in its system, 364. Leases a treaty between Spain and England, in
part of its territories to the Hudson's Bay 1670, 99, 102. Treaty of Utrecht, between
Company, 364.

Great Britain and France, in 1713, 99, 140.
Russians conquer Northern Asia, 127. Their No line of boundary between the possessions
discoveries in the North Pacific, 131, et seq. of those powers settled by that treaty, 140,

281, 436. Family Compact, in 1762, be-

tween France and Spain, 102 ; dissolved,

207. Treaty of Paris, in 1763, between

England, France, Spain, and Portugal,
Sacramento river, 18.

102, 278. Nootka treaty, of 1790, between
San Diego, 17. Discovered by Vizcaino, 90. Great Britain and Spain, 209, 258, 318, 476.

The first Spanish colony on the west coast Treaty of 1800, by which Spain ceded
of California planted there, 109.

Louisiana to France, 276, 279. Treaty of
San Francisco Bay, 17. The northernmost 1803, by which France ceded Louisiana to

spot on the west coast of America occupied the United States, 276, 279. Treaty of
by the Spaniards previous to May, 1789, Ghent, in 1814, between the United States

and Great Britain, 306. Florida treaty
San Lucas, Cape, the southern extremity of between the United States and Spain, in

California, 15. Discovered by Ulloa, 56. 1819, 316, 478. Treaty between Great
San Roque river, so called by the Spaniards, Britain and Russia, in 1825, 342, 479.

the same now called the Columbia, dis- Treaty between the United States and
covered, 120, 430. (See Heceta.).

Great Britain, settling boundaries east of
Sandwich Islands described, 37. Discovered the Lake of the Woods, 377. Oregon treaty

by Cook, 157. Frequented by the Fur between the United States and Great Bri-
Traders, '168. Capture of the schooner tain, settling boundaries west of the Rocky
Fair American by the natives, 225. Pre- Mountains, 402, 482. See Conventions.

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Tyler, John, president of the United States ; Negotiations with the Spanish commis-

message respecting the Sandwich Islands, sioner Quadra, 242. Claims the whole
372. Messages respecting Oregon, 378. territory around Nootka for Great Britain,

243. His unfair synopsis of the letter of

Gray and Ingraham, 244, 417. Receives

accounts and charts of Gray's discoveries

from Quadra ; sends Broughton to examine
Ukase of the Russian government, prohibiting Columbia River, 247. Unworthy attempt

vessels of other nations from frequenting to take to himself the merit of discovering
the North Pacific coasts, 322. Corres- the Columbia, 248. At the Sandwich
pondence respecting it, between the secre- Islands, executes persons falsely charged
tary of state of the United States and the with the murder of his officers, 249. Ex-
Russian plenipotentiary, at Washington, amines a large portion of the north-west
333. Protest of the British government coasts, and returns to the Sandwich Islands,
against it, 335.

250. Pretended cession of Owyhee to him
Ulloa, Francisco, voyage through the Gulf of for his sovereign, 251. Circumstances con-

California and along the west coast, 56. nected with that affair, 252. Returns to
Ulloa, Antonio, secret information afforded the north-west coast, of which he completes

by him to the panish government, respect- the survey, 254. Names given by him to
ing the state of the Spanish provinces in places, 255. Returns to England; his
South America, in 1740, 105.

death; great value of his journal ; his
Unalashka Island, 36. Visited by Cook, 156, hatred of Americans, and constant injustice

who there first meets with Russians, 155, towards them, 256.
United States, first voyages of their citizens Vizcaino, Sebastian, exploring voyage along

to the Pacific and to China, 179. First the north-west coast, 91. Desires to found
voyages to the north-west coast of America, colonies on those coasts, but dies before his
180. Obtain possession of Louisiana, 276. plans could be executed, 92.
War with Great Britain, 301. Ended by
treaty of Ghent, 306. Their citizens alone
can occupy Oregon, 403.

Urdaneta, Andres de, discovers the mode of

crossing the Pacific from west to east, 65. Washington's Island, so called by Gray, who
Supposed to have discovered a northern first explored its east coast, 199. See
passage between the Atlantic and Pacific, Queen Charlotte's Island.

Washington or North Marquesas Islands,
Utah Salt Lake, 20.

discovered by Ingraham, 226. Discovery
claimed by Marchand, who, however,

admits the priority of Ingraham's claim,

228. Discovery claimed by Vancouver for

Hergest, 242. ' Occupied by the French,
Vancouver, George, sails from England on an 374. Medal granted by the King of France

exploring voyage to the Pacific, and as to the crew of Marchand's ship for dis-
commissioner on the part of Great Britain covering the island, 228.
to receive the lands and buildings to be Webster, Daniel, secretary of state of the
restored by Spain, agreeably to the Nootka United States, concludes a treaty with Lord
convention, 217. Reaches the north-west Ashburton, settling the boundaries east of
coast of America, 232. Declares that no river the Lake of the Woods, 378.
or harbor of consequence is to be found be- Whidbey surveys Bulfinch's Harbor, 246.
tween the 40th and the 48th degree of lati- Wiccanish, king of Nittinat, 167.
tude, 233. Meets Gray, and receives from Wilkes, Charles, his voyage of exploration
him an account of the discovery of a great in the Pacific, 375.
river, 232, which he dishelieves, 233. Enters Willamet, river and valley, 26. First settle-
the Strait of Fuca ; explores Admiralty Inlet, ments of citizens of the United States
and takes possession of the whole surround- there, 361.
ing territory, 238. Remarks on this act; Wrangel, Admiral Von, Governor of Russian
meets Galiano and Valdes, and continues America, prevents the British from occupy-
the survey of the strait, 239. Passes ing the mouth of the Stikine river, 363.
through the strait, and arrives at Noorka, His work on Russian America, 329. His
240. Claims the discovery of the Wash- explanation of the north coast of Asia, 328.
ington or North Marquesas Islands for Wyeth, Nathaniel, endeavors to establish
Hergest, though he knew them to have trading posts on the Columbia, 359. Great
been first seen by the Americans, 242. value of his accounts of Oregon, 360.


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