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SKETCH OF THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE COUNTRY,
CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES,
AND A CHRONOLOGICAL INDEX.
ILLUSTRATED WITH SEVERAL HUNDRED ENGRAVINGS.
NEW YORK: PUBLISHED BY ROBERT SEARS, 128 NASSAU STREET.
BURGESS, STRINGER, & CO.; W. H. GRAHAM; JUDD & TAYLOR-BOSTON: REDDING, & co.--PHILADEL
PHIA: ZEIBER, & co.; COLON & ADRIANCE.--BALTIMORE: SHURTZ & TAYLOR.-CINCINNATI: ROBIN SON & JONES. -LOUISVILLE: J. H. BAGBY-NEW ORLEANS: J. B. STEEL, & co.-MOBILE: T. P. MILLER, & Co.-CHARLESTON, S. C.: SILAS HOWE.-PENFIELD, GA: WM. RICHARDS.--ATHENS, GA: J.J. RICH ARDS. --AND SOLD BY BOOKSELLERS AND PERIODICAL AGENTS GENERALLY, THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES.
Entered, according to Act al Congress, in the year 1845,
in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the Southern District of New York
No portion of the would's history can be more interesting to the present generation, than that recorded in this volume; and although of comparatively recent occurrence, it has acquired by neglect much of the freshness and fascination of novelty. The A DERICAN REVOLUTION is an event calculated to exercise a great influence on the present and future destinies of other nations.
To write an authentic “ HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION," is no light, irresponsible lask. We have endeavored to be impartial, and to be careful that no fact should be distorted, or receive a false coloring. Where, as is frequently the case, a considerable difference exists be. tween various authorities, we have endeavored to exercise an unbiased judgment, and to adopt that statement which appeared on the whole, most consistent with TRUTH. The greai principles of civil and religious freedom, the contest for which, in America, aroused the slumbering nations of Europe, can not fail engaging our ardent admiration ; and every Friend of Human Rights, at the present day, can have no hesitation in adopting the words of the immortal CHATHAM,“ I rejoice that they have resisted.” At this moment, the whole English nation, which then, with a few hon. orable exceptions, was willing to aid her rulers in trampling on the necks of her transatlantic sons, is now sealing her approval of the principles which actuated American Patriots, by her own efforts to establish the truth, that“ Taxation, WITHOUT REPRESENTATION, IS TYRANNY."
In the preparation of a volume like the present, however, it is impossible to give universal satisfaction. Is it not enough that our fathers suffered, without the strife being bequeathed, as an heirloom, to their children? Wisdom suffers antipathies to die with the generation which has fostered them; and we believe that, were it not for the noxious influence of a portion of the periodi. cal press, both in America and England, the only rivalry between the two greatest countries op the face of the globe would be, in the knowledge and practice of those principles of moral and political science, which are adapted to promote the happiness and welfare of mankind at large. HISTORY requires a distant eminence, from which to take an impartial view of the character and transactions of the recording pen : but little more than half a century has now elapsed since the Colonists first asserted their independence ; and the generation, whose arduous struggles achieved so important a result, has passed away to the silent tomb. To give a just and impartial view of the rise, progress, and establishment of the American Republic, has been the design of the work. The editor has aimed to do justice without asperity ; to applaud patriotism, but not to justify its excesses ; to condemn tyranny, but not to overlook the virtues of many of its instruments; and to exhibit the kindly prospect of the FUTURE, more strongly than the irritating aspect of the PAST.
The study of History can not be appreciated too highly; it tells to the youth of our country a story full of wisdom, and replete with many a moral—it shows the influence and success of honor and virtue—that vice and dishonor go hand in hand together; and it excites them to noble deeds of patriotism, and calls upon them to do all, and suffer all, for their country.
To the Youth OF AMERICA, especially, the present Narrative is invaluable. It tells the price at which all their present rights were purchased-it teaches them their incomparable value ; and thus renders those in whose hands the destinies of America are hereafter to be intrusted, alive to every encroachment upon them. It relates to a country of greater extent, resources, and beauty, than is possessed by any other single nation under heaven ; and to a people, of recent origin in. deed, but developing immense powers, and making gigantic progress; to a people above all others interesting to the nations of Europe-presenting a refuge for their distressed children-exhibiting a noble example for their imitation; and as exercising no feeble influence on their destiny.
It is not, however, for Youth, alone, that this volume has been prepared. It has been written for All--for every age. To mankind at large the subject can not fail to be interesting; and if the preparation of these pages has been executed with a competent measure of industry, candor, and carefulness, they can scarcely fail of being valuable. These the editor has endeavored to ex. ercise, and he hopes not altogether without success.
R, s New York, May 1, 1846.
Voyage of Freydísa, Helge, and Finnebaye 14 1757. Vigorous Measures of William Pitt
1763. Progress of the Colonies in Population,
1493. Columbus' second Voyage
HISTORY OF THE REVOLUTION.
1508. Death of Columbus, May 15th
1525-1542. Career or Hernando de Soto in Amer-
1765. Stamp Act passed.
1766. Meeting of the first Congress
Tumults in the Colonies .
Their Adventures with the Natives
1769. Intemperance of the British Parliament. 123
1566. Colony breaks up and returns to England
1615. Sir Walter Raleigh beheaded
tried and acquitted
1606. Colony sent to America by James I. .
1772. (9th of June). The Gaspar Schooner burned 128
1607. Settlement of Jamestown.
(January). Assembly at Boston ; Indiscretion
1609. Voyages of Henry Hudson
78 Proceedings of Congress
1646. Peter Stuyvesant appointed Governor of
Petition from Congress to the King
1664. Dutch Possessions surrendered to the Eng: Meeting of the Provincial Congress at Con-
cord ; they adjourn to Cambridge
.693. Constitution annulled
96 1775. General Agitation.