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according admitted adopted alter ambition amendment American argument asserts attempt authority called character common compact concurrent confederation Congress considered consolidated constitution construction contended convention create decide defeated delegated departments derived destroy distinct divided division of power doctrine effect election equally established exclusive executive exercise exist expressed extend fact federal court federal government form of government geographical given Hamilton idea independent individuals influence intended interest invested judges judgments judicial judicial power judiciary jurisdiction laws legislative legislatures liberty limited Madison majority means ment mode monarchical mutual national government nature necessary never objects opinion parties political portion possess president prevent principle produce prohibitions proposed prove question reason reference regulate rejected relation representation republican senate sovereign sovereignty spheres stato Suppose supremacy supreme court supreme power territorial tion tional true union United usurpation vernment whole
Page 110 - It ever has been and ever will be pursued until it be obtained or until liberty be lost in the pursuit. In a society, under the forms of which the stronger faction can readily unite and oppress the weaker, anarchy may as truly be said to reign, as in a state of nature, where the weaker individual is not secured against the violence of the stronger...
Page 109 - In the compound republic of America, the power surrendered by the people is first divided between two distinct governments, and then the portion allotted to each subdivided among distinct and separate departments. Hence a double security arises to the rights of the people. The different governments will control each other, at the same time that each will be controlled by itself.
Page 109 - The only answer that can be given is that as all these exterior provisions are found to be inadequate the defect must be supplied, by so contriving the interior structure of the government as that its several constituent parts may, by their mutual relations, be the means of keeping each other in their proper places.
Page 101 - All charges of war, and all other expenses that shall be incurred for the common defence or general welfare, and allowed by the United States in Congress assembled, shall be defrayed out of a common treasury, which shall be supplied by the several states, in proportion...
Page 105 - In the latter, the local or municipal authorities form distinct and independent portions of the supremacy, no more subject, within their respective spheres, to the general authority than the general authority is subject to them within its own sphere.
Page 2 - ... free and independent States; that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that all political connection between them and the state of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved ; and that, as free and independent States, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and do all other acts and things which independent States may of right do.
Page 20 - Resolved that it is the opinion of this Committee that a national government ought to be established consisting of a Supreme Legislative, Judiciary, and Executive.
Page 116 - The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce; with which last the power of taxation will, for the most part, be connected. The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs; concern the lives, liberties,...