The Documentary History of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1789-1800: The justices on circuit, 1790-1794

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Columbia University Press, 1985 - History - 582 pages

Volume 2 details the workings of the Court's experimental practice of sending Justices around the country to serve as judges at sessions of the various federal circuit courts. The documents in this volume reveal that the justices quickly voiced bitter complaints about the demands of their circuit duties. They also questioned the propriety--and perhaps constitutionality--of assigning the same individuals to act as superior and inferior court judges. The documents in this volume also touch upon topics that figured prominently in the law and politics of the era: neutrality, the boundary between state and federal crimes, the constitutional prohibition against impairing the obligations of contracts, and the relationship between law and morality.

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Contents

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
xxi
James Iredells Charge to the Grand Jury of the Circuit Court for
xxii
John Jays Charge to the Grand Jury of the Circuit Court for
xxiii
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
xxvii
INTRODUCTION
1
Circuit Court for the District of PennsylvaniaApril 12 1790 31
6
SPRING AND FALL CIRCUITS 1790
11
Archibald Maclaine to James IredellMarch 10 1790
14
James Iredell to Hannah IredellApril 26 1792
272
James Iredell to Hannah IredellMay 15 1792
278
Circuit Court for the District of North CarolinaJune 1 1792
280
Herald of VermontJuly 2 1792
286
Supreme Court of the United StatesAssignment of Circuits
292
Circuit Court for the District of ConnecticutSeptember 25 1792
298
Circuit Court for the District of New JerseyOctober 2 1792
304
James Iredell to Hannah IredellOctober 13 1792
316

Circuit Court for the District of New JerseyApril 2 1790
20
John Blair to James WilsonApril 15 1790
46
Circuit Court for the District of DelawareApril 27 1790
53
David Sewall to George ThatcherMay 20 1790
70
John Jay Diary EntriesMay 12 1790 55
71
Cyrus Griffin to George WashingtonMay 30 1790
76
James Iredell to Hannah IredellJuly 2 1790
82
John Jay to William CushingSeptember 13 1790
88
James Iredell to Hannah IredellSeptember 19 1790
95
James Iredell to Hannah IredellOctober 14 1790
101
John Hay to James IredellNovember 1 1790
104
Judges of the Superior Court of North Carolina to the General
110
John Jay to George Washington December 12 1790
117
Fisher Ames to Thomas DwightJanuary 6 1791
124
James Iredell to John Jay William Cushing and James Wilson
131
William Cushing to James IredellFebruary 13 1791
137
Reply of the Grand Jury of a Special Session of the Circuit Court
153
James Iredell to John HayApril 14 1791
159
Circuit Court for the District of MassachusettsMay 3 1790 58
162
Circuit Court for the District of VirginiaMay 23 1791
166
Circuit Court for the District of New HampshireMay 24 1791
192
James Iredell to Samuel TredwellAugust 17 1791
204
James Iredell to Hannah IredellSeptember 6 1791
205
James Iredell to Hannah IredellSeptember 25 1791
212
Presentment of the Grand Jury of the Circuit Court for the District
224
San Johnston to James IredellNovember 13 1791
231
James Iredell to John JayJanuary 17 1792
238
Thomas Johnson to James IredellMarch 9 1792
243
Nathaniel Pendleton to James IredellMarch 19 1792
249
John Jays Charge to the Grand Jury of the Circuit Court for
253
James Iredell to Hannah IredellApril 8 1792
258
Circuit Court for the District of South CarolinaOctober 25 1792
322
James Iredells List of Families in Boston to whom I owe great
329
James Iredell to Arthur IredellNovember 30 1792
335
Henry Marchant to Theodore FosterJanuary 1 1793
342
James Iredell to Hannah Iredell April 2 1793
348
William Paterson to Euphemia PatersonApril 3 1793
358
Circuit Court for the District of ConnecticutApril 25 1793
365
James Iredell to Hannah IredellMay 5 1793
372
James Iredell to Hannah IredellMay 16 1793
378
James Iredell to Hannah IredellMay 27 1793
393
Circuit Court for the District of MassachusettsJune 7 1793
396
Columbian CentinelJune 8 1793
406
Henry Jackson to Henry KnoxJune 23 1793 410 Henry Jackson to Henry KnoxJune 23 1793
412
Abstract of a Presentment of the Grand Jury of a Special Session
424
Circuit Court for the District of GeorgiaNovember 8 1793
430
SPRING AND FALL CIRCUITS 1794
436
James Iredell to Edmund RandolphFebruary 13 1794
442
Circuit Court for the District of Connecticut April 25 1794
449
Circuit Court for the District of South CarolinaMay 12 1790 66
454
Reply of the Grand Jury of the Circuit Court for the District
471
Joshua Loring to Jonathan PalfreyMay 13 1790 67
472
James Iredell to Hannah IredellAugust 8 1794
479
Circuit Court for the District of MarylandNovember 7 1794
491
Circuit Court for the District of VirginiaNovember 22 1794
497
APPENDIX A Constitution
501
APPENDIX B Judiciary Act of 1789
512
Crimes Act of 1790
528
Dates of and Attendance at Court
536
BIBLIOGRAPHY
543
INDEX
551
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