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PART III.-EXECUTIVE ORDERS OF PRESIDENT UNDER CURRENT STATUTES.
Herein have been collected, by the direction of the Attorney General, those provisions of the so-called war legislation which deal with the taking and the control of private property for public use, benefit, or welfare. There have been excluded from this collection the statutory provisions dealing with the organization and government of our military and naval establishments, defining and punishing crimes incident to an effective providing for the common defense, and authorizing and providing for war-time financing.
Some statutes not strictly emergency have been also included, since they are intimately connected with certain phases of the conduct of the war.
These statutes have been annotated at appropriate places by references to the Presidential Proclamations and Executive Orders putting them into effective operation, to Acts and Resolves of the Continental Congress and of the States during the Revolutionary War, and to Federal legislation during the wars of 1812, of 1847, and of the Civil War [including also the Confederate Statutes), all of which are printed herein immediately following the emergency legislation. While some early statutes may have been overlooked, it is believed that the more important ones have been included.
As a casual examination will show, these annotation references are to the general subjects and principles covered by the statutes [both those annotated and those used for annotation), and not to their details.
An Index-Digest of the Emergency Statutes and the Presidential Proclamations and Executive Orders issued thereunder has been added at the end of the book.
Annotations covering broad general subjects or principles will be found as follows: Compulsory orders under Section 120 of the “National Defense Act” (p. 2]; requisition of transportation, the “ Council of National Defense Act” (p. 8]; control of exports, Title VII of the “ Espionage Act” (p. 30]; hoarding, and the licensing of dealers in foodstuffs etc., Sections 5 and 6, Food Control Act (pp. 52, 54]; requisition of supplies and storage facilities, Section 10, Food Control Act [p. 57); requisition of manufacturing establishments,