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PICTORIAL HISTORY

OF

THE CIVIL WAR

IN THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

BY BENSON J. LOSSING.

ILLUSTRATED BY NEARLY TWELVE HUNDRED ENGRAVINGS ON WOOD, BY LOSSING AND

BARRITT, FROM SKETCHES BY THE AUTHOR AND OTHERS.

VOLUME III.

PHILADELPHIA:

DAVID MCKAY, PUBLISHER,

1022 MARKET STREET.

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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1866,

BY BENSON J. LOSSING,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the Southern

District of New York,

973.7 289 1900

v.3

PREFACE.

HIS volume completes the Chronicle of the Civil War. It comprises a record of the events of the conflict from midsummer of 1863, until the close of the struggle, in the field, in the spring of 1865.

The second volume was ended with the

record of the capture of Vicksburg and Port Hudson by the National armies, in July. This volume opens with an account of the movements of the Army of the Potomac in the winter and spring of 1863, which led to the Battle of Chancellorsville, and Lee's second invasion of Maryland that ended with the Battle of Gettysburg. It contains the story of the military and naval operations in the region of the Mississippi and the Gulf of Mexico, and all along the Atlantic coast, from Florida to the lower borders of Virginia, including the long siege of Charleston. Also, an account of the doings of the AngloConfederate pirate-ships, including those of the Alabama, and an account of her destruction. It also contains a record of the important movements in Eastern and Southeastern Tennessee. which were followed by Sherman's great march and series of con, flicts from Chattanooga, by way of Atlanta, to the sea, and thence through the Carolinas; and the expulsion of the Confederates from Tennessee, by Thomas.

It bears a record of the stirring events in the Red River region ; in Texas; all along the Mississippi, and in the States whose borders are washed by its waters; at Mobile, and in the interior of the States of Mississippi and Alabama, and the final triumph of the National arms in all the vast region of the Republic southward of the Roanoke River and westward of the mountain ranges of Virginia, Tennessee, and North and South Carolina.

It contains a history of the great campaigns of the armies of the Potomac and the James, which ended in the capture of Rich

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mond, the flight of the Conspirators, and the surrender of Lee; also of the assassination of the President; the surrender of the forces under Johnston and other leaders; the flight and capture of the head of the Confederacy of traitors; the closing scenes of the war; the exchange and treatment of prisoners; and the freewill offerings of the people in support of the Government. Also an outline sketch of the efforts of the loyal citizens to reorganize the Governments of States which had been disorganized by the Rebellion, and to restore the Union and re-establish it upon the sure foundations of Justice.

With a consciousness of fidelity to the laws of truth and righteousness, in the preparation of this work, the author offers it as his contribution to the historic records of his country.

B. J. L.

THE RIDGE, DOVER PLAINS, N. Y.

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