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KILPATRICK'S RAID ON RICIONI).

gratis fons by bribery, of a en prit from prison, who wave the Colle mai 2002 of the approaching danger. Wistar tounil Button's i blive of the Chick:hominy too strongly garded, and there

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Isadi in marehed eighty miles within fifty-six hours and is pod food, ironel fitty miles in fifty hours. Fille 10 Hrid a little later by a more formidable one from the

Pol.. lo by General Kilpatrick Its object was to eff: song it t'ie lnion captives at Richmond, then suttering trily in

a trvalon in the filthy Libby Prison, and more burrilily "'! borlice N., in the James River, in front of Richmond-cire il tungen hi we shall concler hereafter. Kilpatrick left camp at three veink (

Sunday Porning, with five thousand cavalry, picka frym hins 21.1 nosivions of Merritt and Grere, and crossius tie la

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on the first day of Marchi, halted within three miles lindi na of Richmond, and within its outer line of fortifications, at which thi felerate had thrown down their arms and then fled into the city.

At Spotsylvania Court-list, about five hund of Kilpatrili 1:1), led by Colonel Ulrie Dahlgren, a dashing young orticer, ani m! Iahlgren, then before Charleston, liver al from the main...!

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betrh man by the author immo after the evacuation of Richra, 1975 of the James River, near the Trulegar Works looking across the streets out and

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FORTIFICATIONS AROUND RICHMOND.

289

from the north, release the prisoners on Belle Isle. Kilpatrick listened eagerly for the sound of Dahlgren's guns, but hearing nothing from his force, and being stoutly opposed when attempting to push through the

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second line of the Richmond fortifications, he thought it prudent to withdraw. He did so, after a severe fight, and moving along the road toward Mechanicsville, bivouacked within six miles of Richmond. Late in the even

VOL. III.-97

290

REPULSE OF THE NATIONALS AT RICIIMOND.

ing, and just as the wearied troopers were falling into needed slumber, they were called to action by the summons of a two-gun battery that opened upon them, followed by a sharp charge. The assailants were quickly repulsed, but it being evident that little repose could be obtained there, Kilpatrick's column moved on, crossed the Chickahominy, and pushed for the Pamunkey. There were no means at hand for passing over that stream, so the raiders moved across the Richmond and York River railway, not far from White House, where they met a force coming up from New Kent Court-IIouse, which General Butler had sent to the aid of Kilpatrick.' Thus far Kilpatrick had been pretty hotly pursued by the Confederates, with whom he skirmished frequently, but now the chase was at an end. He had lost about one hundred and fifty men during the raid, and gained five hundred prisoners and many horses. Although he failed to accomplish his main object, he had inflicted a serious blow upon the Confederates in the destruction of railway property and stores.

Let us note the fortunes of the less-favored Dahlgren and his men meanwhile. After destroying the railway station at Frederickshall, about an hour after General Lee had passed over the road, he moved southward, led by a. negro guide, who, ignorantly or treacherously, took the column to the James River, near Goochland Court-House, instead of to a fording place nearer Richmond. The exasperated men, believing the negro to have betrayed them, hung him on a tree, and then passed on down the north side of the James, somewhat injuring the canal on the way, and destroying the outbuildings of the farm of James A. Seddon, then Confederate “Secretary of War.” They reached the outer line of fortifications around Richmond, on the northwest side of the city, at dark on the 2d' of March, while rain was falling copiously, and carried them, but were met by such an overwhelming force when they approached the second line, that they were speedily repulsed, with loss. With the remnant of his force Dahlgren retreated toward the Chickahominy, annoyed at every step, for Kilpatrick's swoop had aroused the Confederates into intense action, and they swarmed around the pathway of the weaker invader. Dahlgren and about a hundred of his horsemen

became separated from the rest, and on the evening of the 3d, * March, 1864.

just as they had crossed the Mattapony at Dabney's Ferry, into King-and-Queen County, they were attacked by a body of local Confederate militia, when the gallant young leader of the troopers was shot dead, five bullets having entered his body. Several others were killed, and nearly all of the remainder of the one hundred were made prisoners. The rest of Dahlgren’s command were scattered, and made their way to the Union lines. as best they might.

The slayers of Dahlgren acted like savages in the treatment of his dead body, and the alarmed, mortified, and exasperated Conspirators, whose haughty pride had been deeply wounded by this invasion of their Capital by a handful of “cowardly Yankees,” were disposed to make the ninety unfortunate prisoners captured when Dahlgren was killed, to feel the weight of their hatred and vengeance, by executing the whole of them. It was con

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1 These consisted of a brigade of colored infantry, 2,000 strong, under Colonel Dunkin, 800 cavalry, under Colonel Spear, and Belger's Rhode Island Battery.

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