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XI.-1. The Slave Power; its Character, Career, and
probable Designs; being an Attempt to explain the
real Issues involved in the American Contest. By
J. E. Cairnes, M.A., Professor of Jurisprudence and
Political Economy in Queen's College, Galway.
London: 1862.


2. The American Union; its Effect on National
Character and Policy, with an Inquiry into Secession
as a Constitutional Right, and the Causes of the
Disruption. By James Spence. London: 1861.
3. An Oration delivered on the 4th of July, 1862,
before the Municipal Authorities of the City of
Boston. By George Ticknor Curtis. Boston: 1862 549



JULY, 1862.


ART. I.-1. Narrative of an Expedition into Central Australia, performed under the Authority of Her Majesty's Government, during the years 1844-45-46. By Captain CHARLES STURT. 2 vols. London: 1849.

2. Three Expeditions into the Interior of Eastern Australia, with Descriptions of the recently-explored Region of Australia Felix, and of the present Colony of New South Wales. By Major T. L. MITCHELL, F.G.S. and M.R.G.S., SurveyorGeneral. 2 vols. London: 1838.

3. Physical Description of New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land, accompanied by a Geological Map, Sections, Diagrams, and Figures of Organic Remains. By P. E. DE STRZELECKI. London: 1845.

4. Journals of two Expeditions of Discovery in North-West and Western Australia, during the years 1837-38-39, under the Authority of Her Majesty's Government, describing many newly-discovered, important, and fertile Districts, with Observations on the Moral and Physical Condition of the Aboriginal Inhabitants. By GEORGE GREY, Esq., Governor of South Australia, late Captain of the 83rd Regiment. 2 vols. London: 1841.

5. Journals of Expeditions of Discovery into Central Australia, and overland from Adelaide to King George's Sound, in the years 1840-41, sent by the Colonists of Australia, with the sanction and support of the Government; including an Account of the Manners and Customs of the Aborigines, and the state VOL. CXVI. NO. CCXXXV.


of their relations with Europeans. By E. J. EYRE, Resident Magistrate, Murray River. 2 vols. London: 1845. 6. Discoveries in Australia of the Victoria, Adelaide, Albert, and Fitzroy Rivers, and Expeditions into the Interior, with an Account of the hitherto unknown Coast surveyed during the Voyage of H.M.S. 'Beagle, between the years 1837-1843. By J. LORT STOKES, Commander R.N. 2 vols. London: 1846.

7. Journal of an Overland Expedition in Australia, from Moreton Bay to Port Essington, a distance of upwards of 3000 miles, during the years 1844-1845. By Dr. LUDWIG LEICHHARDT. 1 vol. London: 1847.

8. Diaries of J. M. Stuart. Adelaide: 1860-1861.

9. Australian Exploring Expedition of Burke and Wills. Papers presented to Parliament, 28th March, 1862.


Tow that the centre of Australia has at length been reached, and the continent itself crossed from shore to shore, it may not be without interest if we review the several labours of our explorers in this field. We propose, therefore, to trace the progress of Australian discovery from its first small beginnings. We propose to follow the white man from his small village on Port Jackson to his rich settlements along the borders of the great Interior. We shall accompany the adventurous pioneer into that great Interior itself. With the materials which he has given us, we shall endeavour to draw the chief outlines of the continent as it now stands disclosed to us. Here we shall be able to place a flourishing colony, mapped, surveyed, and portioned out into its several districts and townships; there the mere fragments of a river or mountain range; often we shall be obliged to leave an absolute blank. Nor shall we have to revert to any very distant period. It is not quite fifty years since the inhabitants of one small village discovered a rift in the mountain range which confined them to the shores of Port Jackson. Thence we shall trace the tide of settlement and the explorers who led it. We shall find them again and again repulsed, but again and again returning to the charge. We shall behold them now retreating from their lines, and now breaking through to rich territories which lie beyond. Now we shall abandon the search as worthless, and anon we shall be led through waving pastures and by the banks of deep and clear waters. We shall turn aside from the hot blast of the desert, and find the cool breezes of the south sighing around us. For a moment, too, we shall behold the curtain raised on the awful Interior, and then dropped for

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