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thies, his purity of life, and his power of winning the love and trust of his countrymen, have contributed to deepen the earnestness of the popular wish for his continuance, during another term, in the high office he providentially fills.

It is hardly to be hoped that the present attempt to treat so wide a subject, within so small a compass, will satisfy all readers. Many minor details, of special interest to individuals, have necessarily been omitted. Some accounts of military and naval undertakings, which might, of themselves, have filled an entire volume, have been given with perhaps a disappointing brevity. It must suffice to say, here, that no pains have been spared—as no requisite facilities for obtaining correct data have been lacking—to make the work not only trustworthy and complete in regard to matters of salient interest, but also as acceptable as possible to all classes of loyal readers. WASHINGTON, D. C., May 14, 1864.

J. H. B.

CONTENTS.

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CHAPTER I.

Preliminary Remarks-Ancestry of Abraham Lincoln-Thuir Residence in Penn-

sylvania and Virginia-His Grandfather Crosses the Alleghanies to join Boone

and his Associates—-" The Dark and Bloody Ground”-His Violent Death-His

Widow Settles in Washington County-Thomas Lincoln, his Son, Marries and

Locates near Hodgenville-Birth of Abraham Lincoln-LaRue County-Early

Life and Training in Kentucky....

CHAPTER II.

Removal from Kentucky-An Emigrant Journey–The Forests of Southern Indi-

ana– New Home-Indiana in 1816_Slavery and Free Labor-Young Lincoln at

His Work-His Schools and Schoolmasters--Self-Education--A Characteristic

Incident-Acquaintance with River Life-His First Trip to New Orleans as a

Flatboatman-Death of His Mother-His Father's Second Marriage-Recollec-

tions of an Early Settler - Close of an Eventful Period in Young Lincoln's

llistory......

21

CHAPTER III.

The French Settlements—The North-West—The Advance of Emigration-Four

Great States Founded-North and South in Obio, Indiana, and Illinois-Senti-

ments of Southern Emigrants—The First Emigrations- A Coincidence of Dates--

Mordecai and Josiah Lincoln-Removal to Illinois-Settlement on the San-

gamon,
in Macon County-Locality Described Abraham Lincoln Splits

Three

Thousand Rails--Removal of His Father- They Separate-His Father Spends

the rest of his Days in Coles County-Abraham Lincoln makes another Trip as

a Flatboatman-Becomes Clerk in a Store on His Return-Leaves the Business, 30

CHAPTER IV.

Breaking Out of the Black Hawk War–The Invasion of 1831–The Rock-river

Country Threatened-Prompt Action of Gov. Reynolds-Retreat of Black

Hawk – Treaty of 1804-Bad Faith of the Indians—Invasion of 1832–Volun-

teers Called For-Abrabam Lincoln one of a company from Mepard County,

He is chosen Captain-Renrlezvous at Beardstown-Hard Marches across the

Country to Oquawka, Prophetstown, and Dixon-Expected Battle Avoided by

the Enemy-Discontent among Volunteers—They are Disbanded--Captain Lin-

coln Remains, Volunteering for Another Term of Service-Skirmishing Fights-

Arrival of New Levjes— Encounter at Kellogg's Grove-Black Hawk at Foar

Lakes He Retreats--Battle on the Wisconsin-Hastens Forward to the Mis-

sissippi-Battle of Bad-ax-End of Lincoln's First Campaign-Autobiographic

Note.

37

CHAPTER V.

A New Period in Mr. Lincoln's Life-His Political Opinions-Clay and Jackson-

First Run as a Candidate for Representative-Election in 1834—Illinois Strongly

Democratic--Mr. Lincoln as a Surveyor---Land Speculation Mania-Mr. Lin-

coln's First Appearance in the Legislature-Banks and Internal Improve.
ments—Whig Measures Democratically Botched-First Meeting of Lincoln

with Douglas-The Latter Seeks an Ofice of the Legislature, and Gets it--Mr.

Lincoln ke-elected in 1836~Mr. Douglas also a Member of the House-Distin-

guished Associates-Internal Improvements Again-Mr. Lincoln's Views on
Slavery- The Capital Removed to Springfield-The New Metropolis-Revulsion

of 1837--Mr. Lincoln Chosen for a Third Term-John Calhoun, of Lecompton

Memory-Lincoln tho Whig Leuder, and Candidate for Speaker-Close Vote-

5

CHAPTER VII.

Mr. Lincoln's Devotion to Henry Clay-Presidential Nominations of 1844–The

Campaign in Illinois-Mr. Lincoln makes an Active Canvass for Clay-John

Calhoun the Leading Polk Elector-The Tariff Issue Thoroughly Discussed--

Method of Conducting the Canvass---Whigs of Illinois in a Hopeless Minority-

Mr. Lincoln's Reputation as a Wbig Champion-Renders Efficient Service in

Indiava-Mr. Clay's Defeat, and the Consequences--Mr. Lincoln a Candidate for

Congressman in 1816-President Polk's Administration-Condition of the Coun-

try-Texas Annexation, the Mexican War, and the Tariff-Political Character

of the Springfield District-Lincoln Elected by an Unprecedented Majority-
His Personal Popularity Demonstrated..........

CHAPTER VIII.

The Thirtieth Congress--Its Political Character–The Democracy in a Minority

in the House--Robert C. Winthrop Elected Speaker-Distinguished Members in

both Houses-Mr. Lincoln takes his Seat as a Member of the House, and Mr.

Douglas for the first time as a Member of the Senate, at the same Session-Mr.

Lincoln's Congressional Record that of a Clay and Webster Whig-The Mexi-

can War-Mr. Lincolu's Views on the Subject-Misrepresentations-- Not an

Available Issue for Mr. Lincoln's Opponents-His Resolutions of Inquiry in

Regard to the Origin of the War-Mr. Richardson's Resolutions Indorsing

the Administration) - Mr. Richardson's Resolutions for an Immediate Dis-

continuance of the War-Are Voted Against by Mr. Lincoln--Resolutions

of Thanks to Gen. Taylor-Mr. Henley's Amendment, and Mr. Ashmun's Addi-

tion thereto-Resolutions Adopted without Amendment-Mr. Lincoln's First

Speech in Congress, on the Mexican War--Mr. Lincoln on Internal Improve.

meuts-A Characteristic Campaign Speech-Mr. Lincoln on the Nomination of

Gen. Taylor; the Veto Power; National Issues ; President and People; Wil-

mot Proviso ; Platforms ; Democratic Sympathy for Clay ; Military Heroes and

Exploite; Cass a Progressive; Extra Pay; the Whigs and the Mexican War;

Democratic Divisions-Close of tho Session-Mr. Lincoln on the Stump-Gen.

Taylor's Election--Second Session of the Thirtieth Congress-Slavery in the

District of Columbia-The Public Lands—Mr. Lincoln as a Congressman--He

Retires to Private life......

CHAPTER XI.

The Lecompton Struggle-The Policy of Douglas Changed-He Breaks with the

Administration and Loses Caste at the South-Republican Sympathies-Douglas

Falters, but Opposes the English Bill-Passage of that Measure-Democratic

State Convention of Illinois-Douglas Indorsed, and Efforts for his Re-election

Commenced - The Democratic Bolt-Meeting of the Republican State Conven-

tion in June--Mr. Lincoln Named as the First and Only Choice of the Republi-

cans for Senator-His Great Speech Before the Convention at Springfield-Doug-

las and Lincoln at Chicago-Speeches at Bloomington and Springfield-Unfair

ness of the Apportionment Pointed Out by Mr. Lincoln-He Analyzes the

Douglas Programme Seven Joint Debates-Douglas Produces a Bogus Plat-

form, and Propounds Interrogatories – “Unfriendly Legislation "--Lincoln

Fully Defines his Position on the Slavery Question-Result of the Canvass-The

People for Lincoln; the Apportionment for Douglas-Public Opinion.............. 141

CHAPTER XII.

Mr. Lincoln in Ohio-His Speech at Columbus—Denial of the Negro Suffrage

Charge-Troubles of Douglas with his “Great Principle "--Territories not

States-Doctrines of the Fathers-His Cincinnati Speech --“Shooting Over the

Line"-What the Republicans Mean to Do—Plain Questions to the Democracy-

The People Above Courts and Congress-Uniting the Opposition-Eastern Tour-

The Cooper Institute Speech-Mr. Bryant's Introduction-What the Fathers

Held-What will Satisfy the Southern Democracy-Counsels to the Republi-

cans-Mr. Lincoln Among the Children....

182

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