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gratitude to the Venerable the Archdeacon. They were also much indebted, on the same occasion, to Mr. Jonathan Revel, on whom devolved the kind and active management of the affair, as also for former deeds of kindness and labour in the School.
In October the children were invited to a gratuitous exhibition of his Panorama of American Scenery, by Mr. Friend. Only the children and teachers were present, but Mr. Friend most kindly and patiently explained the whole, to the great delight of his auditors, young
and mature. He was pleased also, at the close of the entertainment, to express his great satisfaction with the beliaviour of the children.
It will be seen, in the Treasurer's Report, that a considerable sum was obtained for the funds of the School, by a Dramatic Reading, given most readily and generously by George Wightwick, Esq., and at which Charles Knight, Esq., kindly consented to preside. It would be superfluous to say that, independently of the pecuniary advantage to the School, the reading gave very great delight to those who had the happiness to be present, or that the most cordial thanks of the Committee were offered to Mr. Wightwick, for his, in every sense, successful exertions. Their gratitude to both gentlemen is recorded here, with much interest and a pleasing sense of duty.
The Treasurer's Report also records an enlarged grant to the School from the Cominittee of Council on Education. For this they feel that thanks are due not only to My Lords, and the Lord President of the Council, but also to Joseph Bowstead, Esq., Her Majesty's Inspector of Schools, by whose encouragement the Com. mittee were emboldened to ask for Pupil Teachers, and who kindly presented the Industrial Department of the School in its true and important light. This department has been enlarged during the past year, especially by the training in domestic occupations now given to some of the girls, so that there seems every reason to hope that it will, in the current year, at least, maintain its hold upon their Lordship’s approbation.
The dinner on Christmas Day was enjoyed as usual by the children of the Day School, 224 partaking of it; the Evening School of 170 children had a supper of beef and plum pudding on the next night. The daily supply of soup for the winter months is also continued ; this and the Christmas treat being provided by Miss Carpenter from donations specially given by friends."
The following table will show the income and expenditure of this most excellent institution which, although nominally only a Ragged School, is as fully and perfectly a Reformatory as many cases inserted in the Report prove. We particularly recommend this table to the notice, and careful attention of our Irish friends who are contemplating the establishment of Ragged Industrial Feeding Schools :
Treasurer's Account for 1853–M. D. Hill, Treasurer.
£ . d. To Subscriptions
157 0 6 Donations
84 16 7 Comınittee of Council on
5 0 0
20 00 Towards Rent
11 10 0-81 10 0 Balance duo to Treasurer 11 19 4
By Balance of last year's account 7 11
80 0 0
Council on Education to ditto 3 00
Evening Schools, 9 months 18 15 0
13 0 0
26 0 0 Ditto, Monitors
8 11 21 Ditto, Shoemaker
13 0 0
11 11 6
14 9 10 Books, Printing, and Stationary 6 18 4 Sundries
10 8 6 Rent
At page xlix of this Record, we referred to the enlightened and well-informed opinions held by our Irish Commissioners of Convict Prisons, Captains Crofton, Knight, and Mr. Lentaigne, upon the Reformatory Question. We feel very great pleasure in stating, that they have just appointed Mr. Edward M'Gauran, Master of the Andrean Free National School, Cumber. land-street, South, to the Mastership of the Mountjoy or Philipstown Depots.
We are gratified to find that the Commissioners have elected an Irishman, trained by the Irish Education Commissioners, for this, their first, and most important appointment. It reflects credit on the Board who appointed and on the Board who trained—and those who have read the Reports on the Andrean Sehool, drawn up by Mr. M'Gauran, and printed at length, in The IRSI QUARTERLY REVIEW, in the. paper on "Reformatory and Ragged Schools," Vol. IV., No. 14, p. 424, and in "The Record,” Vol. IV., No. 16, will fully understand that the appointment is one most worthy and creditable, the appointee being quite up to the mark of him whom Mr. Prentice* described, when he wrote of the teacher in Lady Carnegie's School—" He was able to teach, but what was more, he was apt to teach. It was his mission—such teachers are not made but born. No system can produce
* See ante p. lvii.
them.” Literary teaching is not the chief object here--the best teacher and the most perfect master of all those trained by the Irish National Board, and this implies the best trained in these Kingdoms,) could not take the place now held by this young man: such teachers should be encouraged, not as literary teachers, but as Reformatory trainers. We would impress upon those in authority that such men cannot be obtained, as Lieut. Col. Jebb has stated, for niggard pay; and certainly, unless chaplains of a class superior to those attached to our ordinary Irish gaols, are appointed to the prisons for Criminal Juvenile Convicts, half the efforts of the master must fail, even though he possessed, amalgamated, the devotion and energy of M. Demetz and of Mr. Nash. We are perfectly well aware that heretofore it has been the common rule to appoint as gaol chaplains, those clergymen considered most ill-adapted for other offices—we sincerely hope that in future, directly the opposite system will be adopted; and that as great discrimination, at least in the case of Juvenile Prisons, will be exercised in the selection of the Chaplain, as in the appointment of the Schoolmaster. Would that the Viceroy had imitated this selection, in appointing an Inspector-General of Prisons to succeed Mr. James Galway. Lad he done so, his English Equerry, ignorant of his new duties, would never have been nominated to hold this, now, most important office, the requirements of which even the energy and experieuce of Mr. Corry Connellan cannot fully meet, unless ably seconded by his fellow Inspector.
QUARTERLY LIST OF PUBLICATIONS, The following Books and Pamphlets will give much information on the principles and working of Reformatory Institutions, and of Prison Discipline, and they will be found to contain references to all other works of any great value on the saine subject. Reports of Two Conferences held at Birmingham on Juvenile
Delinquency, 1851-1853. Longman and Co. Price Is. each. House of Commons Blue Books on Criminal Juveniles, 1852, Price
6s.; 1853, Price 5s. 6d. Hamilton's Translation of Cochin's Account of Mettray. Whittaker
and Co. Price ls.
Hall's Lecture on Mettray. Cash, 5, Bishopsgate-street. Price ls.
linquents. Cash. Price 6s. each.
Cash. Price ls.
Letter from the Recorder of Birmingham to Lord Brougham,
with his Lordship's Answer. Cash. Price 6d.
Clonmel : Hackett. Price 6d.
Carpenter. No. 12, “ Edinburgh Series of Temperance Tracts."
By Archibald Prentice, Esq., Manchester. No 11 of the “Edinburgh
Series of Temperance Tracts.” Price Id.
Bowyer Adderley, Esq., M. P. Cash. Price 3d.
Back, for the vear 1851. Bristol: 1855.
of the Charitable Institutions. Published twice every month.
Published at 4 Wine-Office Court, Fleet-st., London—6d. per No.
Disposal of Convicts_1853. By Lieut. Col. Jebb, C. B. Her
Tickets of Leave. With Remarks, in an Appendix, on the more
and Co. 1855 , Price Is. The Law Review, for February, 1855. A Charge Delivered By The Recorder, at the Quarter Sessions for
Birmingham, January 5th, 1855, To the Grand Jury of that Borough. Published at their Request. Cash. Price 6d. The Journal of the Albert National Agricultural Training Institution,
and Record of Industrial Progress—Nos. II, VII. Dublin. 1854,
To MARCH, 1855.
Charges in favour of Reformatory Schools of the Right Hon. M. T. Baines, at Lancaster, of Mr. Warren at Hull, of Baron Alderson. Speeches of Mr. T. D. Anderson and of Mr. Bramly Moore in Liverpool Corporation. Resolutions of the Justices at Leicestershire January Sessions. Report of Lieut.-Col. Jebb, on Convict Prisons and disposal of Convicts, for 1853. Circular of Industrial Home for Out cast Boys, Lambeth. Rev. Mr. Field's pamphlet on the discipline and management of Convicts, and on tickets of leave, &c. Reports of Chaplain and Governor of Parkhurst. Observations on Rev. Mr. Field's pamphlet. State of opinion in Ireland on Reformatory subjects; Essays read before the Clonmel Literary Society. Lecture of W. L. Hackett, Esq. Letter of Mr. Recorder Hill, on Mettray, to Mr. Adderly, M.P. to “ The Philanthropist.” Tracts by Miss Carpenter and Mr. Archibald Prentice. Letter from Mr. Prentice. Report of Ragged School, St. James's Back, Bristol.
NOTE ON THE RECORD. As we were putting the foregoing to Press, we received, through the attention of the Editor of The Exeter Gazette, a copy of that Journal for February 10th, containing the following particulars of the further most important proceedings of the Committee whose Report, read at the Exeter meeting, we have inserted in the Record :
"DEVONSHIRE REFORMATORY FARM SCHOOL. We have much pleasure in announcing that the arrangements in conDexion with this philanthropic Institution, have so nearly approached completion, that the executive Committee look forward with confidence to an early commencement of operations. It was at first proposed to commence a trial of the experiment at Hodge's Farm, on Stoke Hill, but as an unexpected difficulty arose in this quarter, Sir STAFFORD NORTHCOTE very kindly and promptly placed at the disposal of the Committee, two Cottages most conveniently situated on his own estate; and with a degree of public spirit-which none but those in similar circumstances can properly understand or estimate—he has undertaken to give up such portions of his home-farm immediately adjoining as may be from time to time required for the purposes of the Institution. One of the great anxieties of the Committee has been the selection of a competent master, and their choice has fallen on a person named HARRIS, at present having the superintendence of a National School, at Frome, and considered by those who are best acquainted with his character, to possess that moral and religious influence so essential to the success of the Reformatory system. His engagement, we understand, commences at Lady-Day, by which time it is not improbable that the School itself will commence operations, As everything depends on a good beginning, Şir STAFFORD NORTHCOTE has invited and obtained the co-operation of Mr. BENGOUGH, whose name is so honourably associated with the Hardwicke School ; and that Gentleman has kindly undertaken to assist the Executive Committee at the commencement of their work. With reference to the limited scale on which the Institution is proposed to be started, it may be desirable to state that this view is recommended not less by practical experience than the necessity of economy.
Until the reformatory process has actually commenced its beneficial influence, any large company or colony