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Bern Convention

by THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS

of the

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE

All rights reserved

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by
The Encyclopædia Britannica Company.

INITIALS USED IN VOLUME XVII. TO IDENTIFY INDIVIDUAL

CONTRIBUTORS,1 WITH THE HEADINGS OF THE

ARTICLES IN THIS VOLUME SO SIGNED.

A. C. G.

A. C. S.

A. E. J.

A. F. P.

A. G. D.

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A. Ha.

A. H. F.

A. H. S.

A. H.-S.

A. J. G.*

ALBERT CHARLES LEWIS GOTTHILF GÜNTHER, M.A., M.D., Ph.D., F.R.S.
Keeper of Zoological Department, British Museum, 1875-1895. Gold Medallist, Mackerel (in part).

, Batrachia
and Fishes in the British Museum; &c.
ALGERNON CHARLES SWINBURNE.

Marlowe, Christopher;
See the biographical article: SWINBURNE, ALGERNON CHARLES.

Mary, Queen of Scots.
ARTHUR ERNEST JOLLIFFE, M.A.

Fellow, Tutor and Mathematical Lecturer, Corpus Christi College, Oxford. Senior Maxima; Minima.

Mathematical Scholar, 1892.
ALBERT FREDERICK POLLARD, M.A., F.R.Hist.Soc.

Professor of English History in University of London. Fellow of All Souls' College, Macalpine, John.

Oxford. Author of England under the Protector Somerset; Henry VIII.; &c.
ARTHUR GEORGE Doughty, C.M.G., M.A., Litt.D., F.R.HIST.S.

Dominion Archivist of Canada. Member of the Geographical Board of Canada.
Author of The Cradle of New France; &c. Joint-editor of Documents relating to

McGee, T. A.
the Constitutional History of Canada.
ADOLF HARNACK.

Manichaeism (in part);
See the biographical article: HARNACK, ADOLF.

Marcion.
REV. ANDREW HOLLINGSWORTH Frost, M.A.
Principal of Church Missionary College, Islington, 1870-1874.

Magic Square.
REV. ARCHIBALD HENRY SAYCE, LL.D., Litt.D.
See the biographical article: SAYCE, ARCHIBALD HENRY.

Lycia; Lydia.
SIR A. HOUTUM-SCHINDLER, C.I.E.

Mazandaran.
General in the Persian Army. Author of Eastern Persian Irak.
ARTHUR JAMES GRANT, M.A.

s Louis XIII., XIV. and XV. of King's College, Cambridge. Professor of History in the University of Leeds.

France.
ALFRED J. HIPKINS, F.S.A. (1826–1903).
Formerly Member of Council and Hon. Curator of the Royal College of Music,

Lute (in part);
London. Member of Committee of the Inventions and Music Exhibition, 1885;
of the Vienna Exhibition, 1892; and of the Paris Exhibition, 1900. Author of Lyre (in part).

Musical Instruments; &c.
AGNES MARY CLERKE.

Maskelyne;
See the biographical article: CLERKE, A. M.

Mayer, Johann Tobias.
AGNES MURIEL CLAY (Mrs Edward Wilde).

Formerly Resident Tutor of Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford. Joint-editor of Sources Magistrate.

of Roman History, 133-79 B.C.
REV. ANDREW MARTIN FAIRBAIRN, M.A., D.D., LL.D.
See the biographical article: FAIRBAIRN, A. M.

Lory; Love-Bird;
ALFRED NEWTON, F.R.S.

Lyre-Bird; Macaw; Magpie;
See the biographical article: NEWTON, ALFRED.

Mallemuck; Manakin;

Manucode; Martin.
ALFRED NORTH WHITEHEAD, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S.

Fellow and Senior Lecturer in Mathematics, Trinity College, Cambridge. Author { Mathematics.

of A Treatise on Universal Algebra. ALEXANDER Ross CLARKE, C.B., F.R.S.

Colonel R.E. Royal Medal of Royal Society, 1887. In charge of Trigonometrical Map: Projections (in part).

Operations of the Ordnance Survey, 1854–1881.
1 A complete list, showing all individual contributors, with the articles so signed, appears in the final volume.

A. J. H.

A. M. C.

A. M. CI.

A. M. F.

{ Martineau, James.

A. N.

A. N. 'W.

A. R. C.

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A. R. L.*

A. SI.

ARTHUR ROBERT LING, F.I.C.

Editor of the Journal of the Institute of Brewing. Lecturer on Brewing and Malting Malt.
at the Sir John Cass Institute, London. Vice-President of the Society of Chemical

Industry
ARTHUR SHADWELL, M.A., M.D., LL.D.

Malaria (in part);
Member of Council of Epidemiological Society. Author of The London Water-

Massage.
Supply; Industrial Efficiency; Drink, Temperance and Legislation.
ARTHUR SYMONS.

See the biographical article: SYMONS, ARTHUR.

A. Sy.

{Mallarmé, Stéphane.

.

A. Wa.

A. W. H.*

A. W. Hu.

{
{

A. W. M.

A. W. R.

B. W.

C. A. M. F.

Magic Square (in part).

C. B. P.

C. Ch.

ARTHUR Waugh, M.A.

Managing Director of Chapman & Hall, Ltd., Publishers. Formerly Literary
Adviser to Kegan Paul & Co. Author of Alfred Lord Tennyson; Legends of the Lytton, 1st Baron.
Wheel; Robert Browning in “Westminster Biographies." Editor of Johnson's
Lives of the Poets.

Louis I., II., III. and IV.:

Roman Emperors;

Louis the German;
ARTHUR WILLIAM HOLLAND.

Louis II. and III. of France;
Formerly Scholar of St John's College, Oxford. Bacon Scholar of Gray's Inn, 1900.

Louis the Child;
Magna Carta;
Maximilian I.:

Roman Emperor.
Rev. ARTHUR WOLLASTON HUTTON, M.A.
Rector of Bow Church, London. Formerly Librarian of the National Liberal Club.

Manning, Cardinal.
Author of Life of Cardinal Manning; &c.
ARTHUR WILLIAM MOORE, C.V.O., M.A. (1853-1909).

Trinity College, Cambridge. Formerly Speaker of the House of Keys, and J.P. for Man, Isle of.

the Isle of Man. Author of A History of the Isle of Man; &c. ALEXANDER Wood RENTON, M.A., LL.B.

Puisne Judge of the Supreme Court of Ceylon. Editor of Encyclopaedia of the Laws Maxims, Legal.

of England.
BENJAMIN WILLIAMSON, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S.

Professor of Natural Philosophy, and Vice-Provost of Trinity College, Dublin. Maclaurin, Colin.

Author of Differential Calculus; &c.
CHARLES AUGUSTUS MAUDE FENNELL, M.A., LITT.D.

Formerly Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge. Editor of Pindar's Odes and Frag

ments, and of the Stanford Dictionary of Anglicized Words and Phrases.
CATHERINE BEATRICE PHILLIPS, B.A. (Mrs W. Alison Phillips).

S Louis XVIII. of France;
Associate of Bedford College, London.

Marie Antoinette.
CHARLES CAREE, M.A., LL.D., D.Sc., F.R.S.

Superintendent, Kew Observatory: Formerly Fellow of King's College, Cambridge.
President of Physical Society of London. Watt Medallist, Institute of Civil En-

Magnetism, Terrestrial.
gineers, 1905.
CHARLES FRANCIS ATKINSON.

Formerly Scholar of Queen's College, Oxford. Captain, ist City of London (Royal Machine-Gun.

Fusiliers). Author of The Wilderness and Cold Harbour.
CHARLES FREDERICK CLOSE, C.M.G.
Lieutenant-Colonel, R.E.' Head of the Geographical Section, British General Staff.

Map: Projections (in part).
Formerly British Representative on the Nyasa-Tanganyika Boundary Commission.

Author of Text-Book of Topographical Surveying; &c.
CHARLES GEORGE CRUMP, M.A.

Balliol College, Oxford. Clerk in H.M. Public Record Office, London. Editor of Manor: in England.

Landor's Works; &c.
CARLTON HUNTLEY HAYES, A.M., Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of History in Columbia University, New York City. Member

Matilda, Countess of Tuscany;
of the American Historical Association.

Lucius.
CHARLES LETHBRIDGE KINGSFORD, M.A., F.R.Hist.S., F.S.A.

Lovell, Viscount;
Assistant Secretary to the Board of Education. Author of Life of Henry V. Editor
of Chronicles of London and Stow's Survey of London.

Margaret of Anjou.
CARL THEODOR MIRBT, D.Th.
Professor of Church History in the University of Marburg. Author of Publizistik

Lyons, Councils of;
im Zeitalter Gregor VII.; Quellen zur Geschichte des Papstthums; &c.

Marburg, Colloquy of.
CHRISTIAN PFISTER, D. Ès L.

Professor at the Sorbonne, Paris. Chevalier of the Legion of Honour. Author of Mayor of the Palace.

Études sur le règne de Robert le Pieux.
CHARLES RAYMOND BEAZLEY, M.A., D.LITT.
Professor of Modern History in the University of Birmingham. Formerly Fellow

Magellan;
of Merton College, Oxford University Lecturer in the History of Geography. Marignolli (in part).

Author of Henry the Navigator; The Dawn of Modern Geography; &c.
Duncan BLACK MACDONALD, M.A., D.D.

Mahommedan Institutions;
Professor of Semitic Languages, Hartford Theological Seminary, U.S.A. Author of

Mahommedan Law;
Development of Muslim Theology, Jurisprudence and Constitutional Theory; Religious
Attitude and Life in Islam; &c.

Malik Ibn Anas.

C. F. A.

C. F. Cl.

C. G. Cr.

C. H. Ha.

C. L. K.

C. M.

C. Pf.

C. R. B.

D. B. Ma.

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