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I long, till Edward fall by war's mischance, Would more have strengthen'd this our comFor mocking marriage with a dame of France.
[marriage. Exeunt all but WARWICK. 'Gainst foreign storms, than any home-bred War. I came from Edward as ambassador, Hast. Why, knows not Montague, that of But I return bis sworn and mortal foe:
itself Matter of marriage was the charge he gave me, England is safe, if true within itself? But dreadful war shall answer his demand. Mont. Yes; but the safer, when 'tis back'd Had he none else to make a stale,* but me?
with France. Then none but I shall turn his jest to sorrow. Hast. 'Tis better using France, than trusting I was the chief that rais'd him to the crown,
France: And I'll be chief to bring him down again: Let us be back'd with God, and with the seas, Not that I pity Henry's misery,
Which he hath given for sence impregnable, But seek revenge on Edward's mockery. And with their helps only defend ourselves;
[Exit. In them, and in ourselves, our safety lies. ACT IV.
Clur. For this one speech, lord Hastings well
deserves SCENE I.-London.mA Room in the Palace. To have the heir of the lord Hungerford. Enter GLOSTER, CLARENCE, SOMERSET, MON- K. Edw. Ay, what of that? it was my will, TAGUE, and others.
and grant; Glo. Now tell me, brother Clarence, what
And, for this once, my will shall stand for law.
To give the heir and daughter of lord Scales Clar. Alas, you know, 'tis far from hence to She better would have fitted me, or Clarence:
Unto the brother of your loving bride;
But in your bride you bury brotherhood.
Clar. Or else you would not have bestow'd the king.
of the lord Bonville on your new wife's son, Flourish. Enter King Edward, attended ; Lady And leave your brothers to go speed elseGREY, as Queen; PEMBROKE, STAFFORD,
where. HASTINGS, and others.
K. Edw. Alas, poor Clarence! is it for a wife, Glo. And his well-chosen bride.
That thou art malecontent? I will provide thee.
Clar. In choosing for yourself you show'd Clar. I mind to tell him plainly what I think. K. Edw. Now brother of Clarence, how like which being shallow, you shall give me leave
your judgement; you our choice,
To play the broker in mine own behalf'; That you stand pensive, as half malecontent? Clur. As well as Lewis of France, or the earl And, to that end, I shortly mind to leave you. of Warwick;
K. Edw. Leave me, or tarry, Edward will be
(ment, Which are so weak of courage, and in judge. And not be tied unto his brother's will.
king, That they'll take no offence at our abuse. K. Edw. Suppose, they take offence without To raise my state to title of a queen,
Q. Eliz. My lords, before it pleas'd his ma
(jesty a cause, They are but Lewis and Warwick; I am Ed: That I was not ignoble of descent,
[ward, Do me but right, and you must all confess Your king and Warwick’s, and must have my And meaner than myself have had like fortune.
will. Glo. And you shall have your will, because So your dislikes, to whom I would be pleasing,
But as this title honours me and nine, our king:
Do ctoud my joys with danger and with sorYet hasty marriage seldom proveth well. K. Edw. Yea, brother Richard, are you offended too?
K. Edw. My love, forbear to fawn upon their
frowns : Glo. Not I:
(ver’d | What danger, or what sorrow can befall thee, No; God forbid, that I should wish them se. Whom God hath join'd together: ay, and
So long as Edward is thy constant friend, 'twere pity,
And their true sovereign, whom they must To sunder them that yoke so well together.
obey ? K. Edw. Setting your scorns, and your mis- Nay, whom they shall obey, and love thee too,
Unless they seek for hatred at my hands : like aside,
Which if they do, yet will I keep thee safe, Tell me some reason, why the lady Grey
And they shall feel the vengeance of my wrath. Should not become my wife, and England's
Glo. I hear, yet say not much, but think the queen
Enter u Messenger.
K. Edw. Now, messenger, what letters, or Becomes your enemy, for mocking him
what news, About the marriage of the lady Bona.
From France ? Glo. Apd Warwick, doing what you gave in
Mess. My sovereign liege, no letters; and charge,
few words, Is now dishonoured by this new marriage. K. Edw. What, if both Lewis and Warwick Dare not relate.
But such as I, without your special pardon, be appeas'd, By such invention as I can devise? Mont. Yet to have join'd with France in
* This has been the advice of every man who in any age such alliance.
understood and favoured the interest of England.
+ The heiresses of great estates were in the wardship of • A stalking horse, a protence,
the king, who matched them to his favourites.
K. Edw. Go to, we pardon thee: therefore, Hust. And Hastings, as he favours Edward's in brief,
cause! Tell me their words as near as thou canst K. Edw. Now, brother Richard, will you
stand by us? What answer makes king Lewis unto our Glo. Ay, in despite of all that shall withMess. At my depart, these were his very words;
K. Edw. Why so; then am I sure of victory. Go tell false Edward, thy supposed king,, Now therefore let us hence; and lose no hour, That Leuis of France is sending over maskers, Till we meet Warwick with his foreign power. To revel it with him and his new bride.
[Exeunt. K. Edw. ls Lewis so brave? belike, he thinks me Henry.
SCENE II.-A plain in Warwickshire. Bat what said lady Bona tó my marriage? Mess. These were her words, utter'd with Enter WARWICK and OXFORD, with French mild disdain;
and other Forces. Tell him, in hope he'll prove a widower shortly, I'll wear the willow garland for his sake.
War. Trust me, my lord, all hitherto goes K. Edw. I blame not her, she could say the common people by numbers swarm to us.
well; little less;
(queen; She had the wrong. But what said Henry's
Enter CLARENCE and Somerset. For I have heard, that she was there in place. But, see, where Somerset and Clarence Mess. Tell him, quoth she, my mourning
weeds are done,t And I am ready to put armour on.
Speak suddenly, my lords, are we all friends ?
Clur. Fear not that, my lord.
War. Then, gentle Clarence, welcome unto But what said Warwick to these injuries ?
And welcome, Somerset :- hold it cowardice, jesty
To rest mistrustful where a noble heart Than all the rest, discharg'd me with these Hath pawn'd an open hand in sign of love; Tell him from me, that he hath done me wrong,
Else inight I think, that Clarence, Edward's And therefore I'll uncrown him, ere't be long.
brother, K. Edw. Ha! durst the traitor breathe out Were but a feigned friend to our proceedings: so proud words?
But welcome, Clarence; my daughter shall be Well, I will arm me, being thus forewara'd:
thine. They’shall have wars, and pay for their pre- Thy brother being carelessly encamp’d,
And now what rests, but, in night's overture, sumption. But say, is Warwick friends with Margaret ?
His soldiers lurking in the towns about,
And but attended by a simple guard, (sure? link'd in friendship,
We may surprize and take him at our plea
Our scouts have found the adventure very That young prince Edward marries Warwick's daughter.
That as Ulysses, and stout Diomede, (easy: Clar. Belike, the elder; Clarence will have With sleight and manhood stole to Rhesus' the younger.
tents, For I will hence to Warwick's other daughter; So we, well cover'd with the night's black Now, brother king, farewell, and sit you fast, And brought from thence the Thracian fatal
(mantle, That, though I want a kingdom, yet in marI may not prove inferior to yourself.- [riage At unawares may beat down Edward's guard, You, that love me and Warwick, follow me.
And seize himself; I say not-slaughter him, [Exit CLARENCE, and Somerset follows. For I intend but only to surprize him.Glo. Not I:
You, that will follow me to this attempt, My thoughts aim at a further matter; I
Applaud the name of Henry, with your leader. Stay not for love of Edward, but the crown.
[They all cry, Henry!
[Aside. Why, then, let's on our way in silent sort: K. Edw. Clarence and Somerset both gone
For Warwick and his friends, God and Saint to Warwick!
(Exeunt. Yet am I arm'd against the worst can happen; And baste is needful in this desperate case.
SCENE III.-Edward's Camp, near Warwick. Pembroke, and Stafford, you in our behalf Go levy men, and make prepare for war;
Enter certain WATCHMEN, to guard the King's
Tent. They are already, or quickly will be landed: Myself in person will straight follow you. 1 Watch. Come on, my masters, each man (Exeunt PEMBROKE and STAFFORD.
take his stand; But, ere I go, Hastings,--and Montague,- The king, by this, is set him down to sleep. Resolve my doubt. You twain, of all the rest, 2 Watch. What, will he not to-bed? Are near to Warwick, by blood, and by al- 1 Watch. Why, no: for he hath made a soliance :
Till Warwick, or himself, be quite suppress'd.
If Warwick be so near as men report.
3 Watch. But say, I pray, wbat nobleman Mont. S. God help Montague, as he proves that with the king here resteth in bis tent? true!
1 Watch. 'Tis the lord Hastings, the king's Thrown off.
3 Watch. O, is it so ? But why commands | It boots not to resist both wind and tide. the king,
[him, [Exit King EDWARD, led out; SOMERSA That his chief followers lodge in towns about
with him. While he himself keepeth in the cold field ? Oxf. What now remains, my lords, for us 2 Watch. 'Tis the more honour, because
to do, more dangerous.
But march to London with our soldiers ? 3 Watch. Ay; but give me worship and War. Ay, that's the first thing that we have quietness,
to do; I like it better than a dangerous honour. Ta free king Henry from imprisonment, If Warwick knew in what estate he stands, And see him seated in the regal throne. 'Tis to be doubted, he would waken him.
[Exeunt. 1 Watch. Unless our halberts did shut up
SCENE IV.--London.-A Room in the Palace. 2 Watch. Ay; wherefore else guard we his royal tent,
Enter Queen ELIZABETH and Rivers. But to defend his person from night-foes ?
Riv. Madam, what makes you in this sudEnter WARWICK, CLARENCE, OXFORD, SOMER
den change? ser, und Forces.
Q. Eliz. Why, brother Rivers, are you yet
to learn, War. This is his tent; and see, where stand what late misfortune is befall'n king Edward? his guard.
Riv. What, loss of some pitch'd battle Courage, my masters : honour now, or never! But follow me, and Edward shall be ours.
against Warwick ?
Q. Eliz. No, but the loss of his own royal 1 Watch. Who
person. 2 Watch. Stay, or thou diest.
Riv. Then is my sovereign slain ? [WARWICK, and the rest, cry all-Warwick !
Q. Eliz. Ay, almost slain, for he is taken Warwick! and set upon the Guard; who
prisoner; fly, crying-Arm! Arm!-WARWICK, and Either betray'd by falsehood of his guard, the rest following them. .
Or by his foe surpriz'd at unawares: The Drum beating, and Trumpets sounding, Re- | Is new committed to the bishop of York,
And, as I further have to understand, enter WARWICK, and the rest, bringing the Fell Warwick's brother, and by that our foe. KING out in a Gown, sitting in a Chair ; GLOSTER and Hastings fly.
Riv. These news, I must confess, are full of
grief: Som. What are they that fly there?
Yet, gracious madam, bear it as you may; War. Richard, and Hastings: let them go, Warwick may lose, that now hath won the here's the duke.
day. K. Edw. The duke! why, Warwick, when
Q. Eliz. Till then, fair hope must hinder we parted last,
life's decay. Thou call'dst me king?
And I the rather wean me from despair, War. Ay, but the case is alter'd :
For love of Edward's offspring in my womb: When you disgrac'd me in my embassade,
This is it that makes me bridle passion, Then I degraded you from being king,
And bear with mildness my misfortune's cross; And come now to create you duke of York.
Ay, ay, for this I draw in many a tear, Alas! how should you govern any kingdom,
And stop the rising of blood-sucking sighs, That know not how to use ambassadors;
Lest with my sighs or tears I blast or drown Nor how to be contented with one wife;
King Edward's fruit, true heir to the English Nor how to use your brothers brotherly,
crown. Nor how to study for the people's welfare;
Riv. But, madam, where is Warwick then Nor how to shroud yourself from enemies ?
become? K. Edw. Yea, brother of Clarence, art thou
Q. Eliz. I am informed, that he comes tohere too?
wards London, Nay, then I see, that Edward needs must
To set the crown once more on Henry's head : Yet, Warwick, in despite of all mischance,
Guess thou the rest; king Edward's friends Of thee thyself, and all thy complices,
must down. Edward will always bear himself as king:
But, to prevent the tyrant's violence, Though fortune's malice overthrow my state,
(For trust not him that hath once broken faith,) My mind exceeds the compass of her wheel.
I'll hence forthwith unto the sanctuary, War. Then, for his mind, be Edward Eng. There shall I rest secure from force, and fraud.
To save at least the heir of Edward's right; land's king : But Henry now shall wear the English crown, Come therefore, let us fly, while we may fly; And be true king indeed; thou but the sha- If Warwick take us, we are sure to die. dow.
(Excunt. My lord of Somerset, at my request, See that forthwith duke Edward be convey'd | SCENE V.-A Park near Middleham Castle in
STANLEY, and others,
Glo. Now, my lord Hastings, and Sir Wil. Now,' for a while, farewell, good duke of Leave off to wonder why I drew you hither,
liam Stanley, York. K. Edw. What fates impose, that men must Into this chiefest thicket of the park. needs abide;
Thus stands the case : You know, our king.
my brother, 1. e. In his mind; as far as his own mind goes. Is prisoner to the bishop here, at whose hands
He hath good usage and great liberty; And now may seem as wise as virtuous,
Clar. No, Warwick, thou art worthy of the He shall here find his friends, with horse and
To whom the heavens, in thy nativity, To set him free from his captivity.
Adjudg'd an olive branch, and laurel crown,
As likely to be blessed in peace, and war; Enter King EDWARD, and a HUNTSMAN.
And therefore I yield thee my free consent. Hunt. This way, my lord; for this way lies War. And I choose Clarence only for prothe game.
tector. K. Edw. Nay, this way, man; see, where K. Hen. Warwick and Clarence, give me the huntsmen stand.
both your hands; Now, brother of Gloster, lord Hastings, and Now join your hands, and, with your hands, the rest,
your hearts, Stand you thus close, to steal the bishop's deer? That no dissention hinder government: Glo. Brother, the time and case requireth I make you both protectors of this land; haste;
While I myself will lead a private life, Your horse stands ready at the park corner. And in devotion spend my fatter days, K.Edı. But whither shall we then?
To sin’s rebuke, and my Creator's praise. Hast. To Lyon, my lord; and ship from War. What answers Clarence to his sove. thence to Flanders.
reigo's will? Glo. Well guess’d, believe me; for that was Clar. That he consents, if Warwick yield my meaning.
consent; K. Edw. Stanley, I will requite thy forward. For op thy fortune I repose myself.
War. Why then, though loath, yet must I Glo. But wherefore stay we? 'tis no time to
be content: talk.
We'll yoke together, like a double shadow K. Edw. Huntsman, what say'st thou? wilt To Henry's body, and supply his place; thou go along?
I mean, in bearing weight of government, Hunt. Better do so, than tarry and be hang'd. While he enjoys the honour, and his ease. Glo. Come then, away; let's have no more And, Clarence, now then it is more than needado.
ful, K. Edw. Bishop, farewell : shield thee from Forthwith that Edward be pronounc'd a traitor, Warwick's frown;
And all his lands and goods be confiscate. And pray that I may repossess the crown. Clar. What else? and that succession be de
War. Ay, therein Clarence shall not want SCENE VI.-A Room in the Tower.
his part. Enter King HENRY, CLARENCE, WARWICK,
K. Hen. But, with the first of all your chief Somerset, young RICHMOND, OXFORD, MON- Let me entreat, (for I command no more,)
affairs, TAGUE, LIEUTENANT of the Tower, and AtThat Margaret your queen, and my son Edward: tendants.
Be sent for, to return from France with speed: K. Hen. Master lieutenant, now that God For, till I see them here, by doubtful fear and friends
My joy of liberty is halt eclips’d. Have shaken Edward from the regal seat;
Ciar. It shall be done, my sovereign, with And turn's my captive state to liberty,
all speed. My fear to hope, my sorrows upto joys;
K. Hen. My lord of Somerset, what youth is At our enlargement what are thy due fees ?
that, Lieu. Subjects may challenge nothing of their of whom you seem to have so tender care ? sovereigns;
Som. My liege, it is young Henry ; earl of But, if an humble prayer may prevail,
Richmond. I then crave pardon of your majesty.
K. Hen. Come hither, England's hope : If K Hen. For what, lieutenant? for well using
secret powers me?
(Lays his Hund on his Head. Nay, de thou sure, I'll well requite thy kind-Suggest but truth to my divining thoughts, For that it made my imprisonment a pleasure: This pretty ladt will prove our country's bliss. Ay, such a pleasure as incaged birds
His locks are full of peaceful majesty;
Enter u MESSENGER.
Mess. That Edward' is escaped from your May not be punish'd with my thwarting stars;
brother, Warwick, although my head still wear the And fled, as he hears since, to Burgundy, crown,
War. Unsavoury news: But how made be I here resign my government to thee,
escape? For thou art fortunate in all thy deeds. War. Your grace hath still been fam'd for * Few men conform their temper to their destiny. virtuous;
Afterward Henry VII
Mess. He was convey'd by Richard duke of He'll soon find means to make the body follow,
[ A side, And the lord Hastings, who attended* him Hast. Why, master mayor, why stand you in In secret ambush on the forest side,
a doubt ? And from the bishop's huntsmen rescued him; Open the gates, we are king Henry's friends. For hunting was his daily exercise.
May. Ay, say you so? the gates shall then be War. My brother was too careless of his
(Exeunt from abore. charge.
Glo. A wise stout captain, and persuaded But let us hence, my sovereign, to provide
soon! A salve for any sore that may betide.
Hast. The good old man would fain that all [ Exeunt King Henry, WÁR. CLAR. LIEUT.
were well, and Attendants.
So 'twere not 'long‘of him:* but, being enter'd, Som. My lord, I like not of this flight of I doubt not, I, but we shall soon persuade Edward's:
Both him, and all his brothers, unto reason. For, doubtless, Burgundy will yield him help; And we shall have more wars, before't be Re-enter the Mayor and two ALDERMEN, below. long.
K. Edw. So, master mayor: these gates must As Henry's late presaging prophecy,
not be shut, Did glad my heart, with hope of this young But in the night, or in the time of war. Richmond;
What! fear not, man, but yield me up the keys; So doth my heart misgive me, in these conflicts
[Takes his keys. What may befall him, to his harm, and ours: For Edward will defend the town, and thee, Therefore, lord Oxford, to prevent the worst, And all those friends that deign to follow me. Forthwith we'll send him hence to Britany, Till storms be past of civil enmity.
Drum.—Enter MONTGOMERY, and Forces, Oxf. Ay; for, if Edward repossess the crown,
marching. 'Tis like, that Richmond with the rest shall down.
Glo. Brother, this is Sir John Montgomery, Som. It shall be so; he shall to Britany.
Our trusty friend, unless I be deceiv'd. Come therefore, let's about it speedily.
K. Edw. Welcome, Sir Joho! But why come (Exeunt.
you in arms?
Mont. To help king Edward in his time of SCENE VII.-Before York.
storm, Enter King EDWARD, GLOSTER, HASTINGS,
As every loyal subject ought to do.
K. Edw. Thanks, good Montgomery: But we and Forces.
now forget K. Edw. Now, brother Richard, lord Hast. Our title to the crown; and only claim ings, and the rest;
Our dukedom, till God please to send the rest. Yet thus far fortune maketh us amends,
Mont. Then fare you well, for I will bence And says-that once more I shall interchange again; My waned state for Henry's regal crown. I came to serve a king, and not a duke,Well have we pass’d, and now repass'd the Drummer, strike up, and let us march away. seas,
(A Murch begun. And brought desired belp from Burgundy: K. Edw. Nay, stay, Sir Jolin, a while; and What then remains, we being thus arriva
we'll debatę, From Ravenspurg haven before the gates of By what safe means the crown may be recover'd. York,
Mont. What talk you of debating? in few But that we enter, as into our dukedom?
words, Glo. The gates made fast!-Brother, I like If you'll not here proclaim yourself our king, not this;
I'll leave you to your fortune; and be gone, For many men, that stumble at the threshold, To keep them back that come to succour you: Are well foretold-that danger lurks within. Why should we fight, if you pretend no title? K. Edw. Tush, man! abodements must not Glo. Why, brother, wherefore stand you on now affright us:
nice points ? By fair or foul means we must enter in,
K. Edw. When we grow stronger, then we'll For hither will our friends repair to us.
make our claim: Hast. My liege, I'll knock once more, to Till then, 'tis wisdom to conceal our meaning. summon them.
Hast. Away with scrupulous wit! now arms
must rule. Enter, on the Walls, the MAYOR of York, and Glo. And fearless minds climb soonest unto his Brethren.
crowns. May. My lords, we were forewarned of your The bruitt thereof will bring you many friends.
Brother, we will proclaim you out of hand; coming, And shut the gates for safety of ourselves;
K. Edw. Then be it as you will; for 'tis my For now we owe allegiance unto Henry.
And Henry but usurps the diadem. (right, K. Edw. But, master mayor, if Henry be
Mont. Ay, now my sovereigo speaketh like
himself; your king, Yet Edward, at the least, is duke of York.
And now will I be Edward's champion. May. True, my good lord; I know you for
Hast. Sound, trumpet; Edward shall be here no less.
proclaim'd :K. Edw. Why, and I challenge nothing but Come, fellow-soldier, make thou proclamation. my dukedom;
(Gives him a Paper. Flourish. As being well content with that alone.
Sold. (Reads.] Edward the fourth, by the Glo. But, when the fox hath once got in his grace of God, king of England and France, and
lord of Ireland, &c. nose,
* The mayor is willing we should enter, so he may not I. e. Waited for him.
† Noise, report,