« PreviousContinue »
cially now while the door is so widely opened for it? And what a pity is it that any time should be lost ? And how exceeding mean, and infinitely beneath those noble sentiments, and that generous love to the souls of men, and to our king and country, which true religion inspires, will it be to fall into parties; and on account of differing opinions respecting the most probable methods for accomplishing the end, to obstruct and hinder one another therein ? There is enough for all to do; and the affair is of so great importance, that it calls for the trial of every method that has the least probability of success; and different methods may greatly fubferve and assist one another.
And I would take this opportunity to express my gratitude for those generous benefactions whereby this infant institution has been hitherto supported; and I hope through the blessing of God upon our endeavours, those pious benefactors will have occasion for the most easy and comfortable reflections, as having made an offering acceptable to God, and bestowed it well for the advancement of the kingdom, and glory of the great Redeemer : And that the blessing of many of our American heathens, who shall in the present and succeeding generations, reap the benefit thereof, may come upon them: And that others understanding that this school still lives, under God, upon the charity of good men, will be moved to open their hands to minister further, and necessary fupplies for it.
Eleazar Wheelock, the noble teacher of the Indians in the last century and the founder of Dartmouth College, was born in Windham, Conn., in 1711, graduated at Yale College in 1733, and was ordained over the Second church in Lebanon, Conn., in 1735. He worked for a time with such zeal that he preached in one year “a hundred more sermons than there are days in the year.” He took pupils into his house to educate, and in 1743 received Samson Occom, a Mohican
He now conceived the plan of an Indian missionary school, and by 1762 he had nearly twenty Indian youths under his charge, supported by the contributions of benevolent people. Joshua Moor, a Mansfield farmer, gave the school a house and two acres of land in Lebanon, in 1754, and the school took the name of Moor's Indian Charity-school. In 1766, Occom and Rev., Nathaniel Whitaker went to England, and by their exertions an endowment of about £ 10,000 was obtained. A list is still preserved of subscriptions made from two hundred places in Great Britain. The Earl of Dartmouth became the president of the board of trustees. In 1770 the school was removed to Dresden (now Hanover), N. H., that place being chosen for its healthfulness and also on account of the large landed endowment proffered by Governor Wentworth ; and a college for general higher education was added, named for Lord Dartmouth, although he and the other trustees of the Indian school were opposed to its establishment, and the two institutions remained nominally separate until 1849. Wheelock became president of the college, with the privilege of naming his successor. He died in 1779, during the Revolution, which blighted the prospects of the Indian school, as many tribes adhered to England, although the Oneidas were probably kept from doing so by the influence of the school. Dr. Wheelock published several “continuations narrative of the Indian school, those of 1771 and 1772, describing the removal to Hanover and the hardships attending the opening of the school in the wilderness, -- for Hanover was then a wilderness, and the motto on the seal of Dartmouth College is Vox clamantis in Deserto, - being espe, cially interesting. Wheelock's work for the education of the Indians is conspicuous in our colonial history. But the student should read of the effort at Henrico, in Virginia, in 1619, of the early efforts at Harvard, - the first brick building on the grounds at Harvard was 'the Indian College, for the education of Indian youth, and in this building Eliot's Indian Bible was printed, - the plans of Robert Boyle and Bishop Berkeley, etc.
Published by the Directors of the Old South Studies in History and Politics, Old South Meeting House, Boston. Schools and the trade supplied by D. C. HEATH & Co., Boston.