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ence of a real sense of the truth, reality, greatness and importance of eternal things, and therefore will not be likely to treat them fuitable to the nature and eternal consequences of them, surely they will not naturally do it. And how sad are like to be the consequences to those who are watching to see whether the preacher himself does really believe the things which he speaks.

In such a school their studies may be directed with a special view to the design of their mission. Several parts of learning, which have no great subserviency to it, and which will consume much time, may be less pursued, and others most neceffary made their chief study. And they may not only learn the pagan languages, but will naturally get an understanding of their tempers, and many of their customs, which must needs be useful to missionaries. And instead of a delicate manner of living, they may by degrees, as their health will bear, enure themselves to such a way of living as will be most convenient for them to come into when on their mission.

And if the one half of the Indian boys thus educated shall prove good and useful men, there will be no reason to regret our toil and expence for the whole. And if God shall deny his bleffing on our endeavours, as to the general design, it may be these particular youth may reap eternal advantage by what we do for them; and if but one in ten does so, we shall have no cause to think much of the expence. · And if a blessing be denied to all,

we shall notwithstanding be unto God a sweet savour of Christ in them that perish.”

After the trial I made of this nature some years ago, by the assistance of the Honourable London Commissioners, in the education of Mr. Samson Occom, one of the Mohegan tribe, who has several

years since been a useful school-master and successful preacher of the gospel to the Indians at Montauk on Long-Tand, where he took the place of the Rev. Mr. Horton, missionary; and was, under God, instrumental to cure them in a good measure, of the wildness they had been led into by some exhorters from New-England, and in a judgment of charity was the instrument of saving good to a number of them. He was several years ago ordained to the sacred ministry by the Reverend Presbytery of Suffolk County on said Illand; and has done well, so far as I have heard, as a missionary to the Oneida nation, for two years past. May God mercifully preserve him, amidst loud applauses, from falling into the snare and condemnation of the devil ! — I say, after seeing the success of this attempt, I was more encouraged to hope that such a method might be very successful.

With these views of the case, and from such motives as have been mentioned, above eight years ago I wrote to the Reverend


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John Brainerd, missionary in New-Jersey, desiring him to send me two likely boys for this purpose, of the Deleware tribe : He accordingly sent me John Pumshire in the 14th, and Jacob Woolley in the 11th years of their age; they arrived here December 18th. 1754. and behaved as well as could be reasonably expected; Pumshire made uncommon proficiency in writing. They continued with me till they had made confiderable progress in the Latin and Greek tongues; when Pumshire began to decline, and by the advice of physicians, I sent him back to his friends, with orders, if his health would allow it, to return with two more of that nation, whom Mr. Brainerd had at my desire provided for me. Pumshire set out on his journey, November 14th. 1756. and got home, but soon died. And on April 9th. 1757, Joseph Woolley and Hezekiah Calvin came on the horse which Pumshire rode.

The decline and death of this youth was an instructive scene to me, and convinced me more fully of the necessity of special care respecting their diet; and that more exercise was necessary for them, especially at their first coming to a full table, and with so keen an appetite, than was ordinarily necessary for English youth. And with the exercise of such care, as one who understands the case, and is willing to take the trouble of it, may use, I am persuaded there is no more danger of their studies being fatal to them, than to our own children. There have been several long fits of sickness of one and another in this school, with a nervous fever, pleurisies, dysenterys, &c. but perhaps not more than have been among so large a number of common labouring people in so long a. time,

Sometime after those boys came, the affair appearing with an agreeable aspect, it being then a time of profound peace in this country, I represented the affair to Colonel Elisa Williams, Esq; late rector of Yale-College, and to the Rev'd Melli’rs Samuel Moseley of Windham, and Benjamin Pomeroy of Hebron, and invited them to join me; they readily accepted the invitation ; and a gentleman learned in the law supposed there might be such an incorporation among ourselves as might fully answer our purpose. And Mr. Foshua Moor, late of Mansfield, deceased, appeared to give a small tenement in this place, for the foundation, use and support of a Charity-School, for the education of Indian youth, &c. But it pleased God to take the good Colonel from an unthankful world soon after the covenant was made and executed, and thus deprived us of the benefit of his fingular learning, piety and zeal in the affair. Notwithstanding, a subscription was foon made of near £.500 lawful money, towards a fund for the support of it at 6 per cent. But several gentlemen of the law, doubting of the validity and sufficiency of such an incorporation ; several steps were taken to obtain the royal favour of a charter, but none effectual. The war foon commenced, and the reports from day to day of the ravages made, and inhumanities and butcheries committed by the savages on all quarters, raised in the breasts of great numbers, a temper so warm, and so contrary to charity, that I feldom thought it prudent so much as to mention the affair. Many advised me to drop it, but it appeared to others so probable to be the very method which God would own, that I thought better to scrabble along with it, as well as I could, till divine Providence should change the scene.

The prospects, notwithstanding our outward troubles, seemed to be increasing: Such was the orderly and good behaviour of the boys, through the blessing of God on instruction and discipline, that enemies could find but little or nothing that was true wherewith they might reproach the design; and those whose sentiments were friendly, observed with pleasure the good effects of our endeavours : And the liberalities, especially of gentlemen of character, encouraged me more and more to believe it to be of God, and that he designed to succeed and prosper it, to the glory of his own great name; and that I ought in compliance with such intimations of Providence from time to time, proportionably to increase the number.

I have had two upon my hands since December 18th. 1754, and four since April, 1757, and five since April 1759, and feven since November, 1760. and eleven since August ift. 1761, and after this manner they have encreased as I could obtain those who appeared promising. And for some time I have had twenty-five devoted to school as constantly as their health will allow, and they have all along been so, excepting that in an extraordinary croud of business, I have sometimes required their assistance. But there is no great advantage, excepting to themselves, to be expected from their labour, nor enough to compensate the trouble of instructing them in it, and the repair of the mischiefs they will do, while they are ignorant of all the affairs of husbandry, and the use of tools. The principal advantage I have ever had in this respect has been by David Fowler and Foseph Woolley, and more by David than all the rest: These lads will likely make good farmers, if they should ever have the advantage of experience in it.

Three of this number are English youth, one of which is gone for a time to New-Fersey College, for the sake of better advantage for some parts of learning: He has made some proficiency in the Mohawk tongue: The other two are fitting for the business of missionaries. One of the Indian lads is Jacob Woolley, who is now in his last year at New-Fersey College, and is a good scholar; he is here by the leave and order of the President, designing to get some acquaintance with the Mohawk tongue. Two others are sent here by the Rev. Mr. Brainerd, and are designed for trades; the one for a blacksmith (a trade much wanted among the Indians) and is to go to his apprenticeship as soon as a good place is ready for him; the other is designed for a carpenter and joiner, and is to go to an apprenticeship as soon as he has learned to read and write. Another of the Indians is fon to the fachem at Mohegan, and is heir-aparent; he is somewhat infirm as to his bodily health: For his support last year I have charged nothing more than rol. lawful money, granted by the Hon. London Commissioners. Several of my scholars are considerably well accomplished for schoolmasters, and 7 or 8 will likely be well fitted for interpreters in a few years more. And four of this number are girls, whom I have hired women in this neighbourhood to instruct in all the arts of good housewifery, they attending the fchool one day in a week to be instructed in writing, &c. till they shall be fit for an apprenticefhip, to be taught to make men's and women's apparel, &c. in order to accompany these boys, when they shall have occasion for such assistance in the business of their mission.* And six of them are Mohawks, obtained pursuant and according to the direction of the Honorable General Assembly of the Province of the Massachufetts-Bay, and are learning to speak, write, and read English : And the most of them make good proficiency therein.

I have, by the good Providence of God, been favoured with religious, faithful and learned masters, in general, from the first setting up of this school, at the expence of about £.56 lawful money per annum, i. e. £.3 per month, with their board, and all accommo


* This part of my plan seems to be abundantly justified by that which the Rev. Dr. Colman of Boston, and the Rev. Mr. Sergeant of Stockbridge, have wrote upon this head. See Mr. Sergeant's letter to the Doctor, printed at Boston 1743, Page 15. The Doctor writes thus : “Another thing suggested by Mr. Sergeant and a most wife and neceffary one in the present case is “his taking in girls as well as boys, if Providence succeed the design, and a “fund sufficient to carry it on can be procured : I must needs add on this “head, that this proposal is a matter of absolute necessity, wherein we are not “left at liberty, either as men or Christians; for there cannot be a propagation of religion among any people, without an equal regard to both sexes; not "only because females are alike precious souls, form’d for God and religion as “much as the males; but also because the care for the souls of children in "families, and more especially in those of low degree, lies chiefly upon the "mothers for the first 7 or 8 years: Which is an observation or remark which "I had the honour to make unto my dear and honoured ancient friend, Henry "Newman, Esq; Secretary to the Hon. and Rev. Society for promoting "Christian Knowledge; which when he had communicated to them they put “into print, and sent it to the Directors of the 1764 schools; (if I have not

miscounted) that so a greater proportion of girls might be taken into them to “receive a religious education for the sake of their posterity, and therein for the more effectual answering the very end of their charity schools.”



dations, and a horse kept or provided when needed; which I suppose can't be esteemed less than the sum which I mention : and if this feems to any to be large, I have only this to say, that I could not have the choice of masters at less expence. But the expence for tuition will likely be saved for some time, by the generosity of a young gentleman, who proposes to keep it gratis a few months.

The method of conducting this school has been, and is designed to be after this manner, viz. they are obliged to be clean, and decently dressed, and be ready to attend prayers, before funrise in the fall and winter, and at 6 o'clock in the fummer. A portion of Scripture is read by several of the seniors of them: And those who are able answer a question in the Assembly's Catechism, and have some questions asked them upon it, and an answer expounded to them. After prayers, and a short time for their diverfion, the school begins with prayer about 9, and ends at 12, and again at 2, and ends at 5 o'clock with prayer. Evening prayer is attended before the day-light is gone. Afterwards they apply to their studies, &c. They attend the publick worship, and have a pew devoted to their use, in the houfe of God. On Lord's-Day morning, between and after the meetings, the master, or some one whom they will submit to, is with them, inspects their behaviour, hears them read, catechises them, discourses to them, &c. And once or twice a week they hear a discourse calculated to their capacities upon the most important and interesting subjects. And in general they are orderly and governable: They appear to be as perfectly easy and contented with their situation and employment as any at a father's house. I scarcely hear a word of their going home, so much as for a visit, for years together, except it be when they first come.

And the success of endeavours hitherto, the general approbation of great and good men, and the testimonies many have given of it, by their seasonable liberality towards it's fupport, have seemed to me such evident tokens of a Divine Hand in favour of it, and so plain intimations of the Divine Will concerning it, that I have, as I said before, thought it duty, notwithstanding all discouragements, to pursue the design, and endeavour to keep pace with the providences of God in favour of it as to their number, and trust in Him, “whose the earth is, and the fulness thereof,” for further supplies. And I have hoped this would be esteemed sufficient to clear me of the imputation of presumption and rashness in risquing my own private interest, as I have done.

The Honourable London Commissioners hearing of the design, enquired into it, and encouraged it by an allowance of 121. lawful money, by their vote Nor'ember 12. 1756. And again in the year 1758 they allowed me zol. --- and in November 4th, 1760, granted

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