Best of Intentions: America's Campaign Against Strategic Weapons Proliferation

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001 - History - 160 pages


Although the United States efforts to prevent the spread of strategic weapons have varied significantly since 1945, they all presumed to be avoiding one or another type of strategic war. To the extent their military scenarios were sound, so too were the nonproliferation remedies these initiatives promoted. But, as Sokolski demonstrates, the obverse was also true--when these intiatives' military hopes and fears were mistaken, their nonproliferation recommendations also missed their mark.

What is the best hope for breaking out of this box and securing a higher rate of nonproliferation success? The United States must base nonproliferation policies less on insights concerning strategic military trends and more on the progressive economic and political trends that have increased the number of relatively peaceful, prosperous, liberal democracies. For the proliferating nations that are exceptions to this trend, the U.S. and its allies need to devise ways of competing that will encourage these governments to expend more energies shoring up their weaknesses and eventually giving way to less militant regimes. A major resource for students and military professionals interested in arms control and international relations.

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Contents

The First Half Century
xi
The Baruch Plan
7
Atoms for Peace
19
The Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty
33
Proliferation Technology Control Regimes
57
Counterproliferation
85
The Next Campaign
95
The Baruch Plan Presented to the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission June 14 1946
109
President Eisenhowers Address Before the General Assembly of the United Nations on the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy December 8 1953
117
Treaty on the NonProliferation of Nuclear Weapons
125
Multilateral Export Control Regimes Membership and Related Websites
131
Remarks by Honorable Les Aspin Secretary of Defense National Academy of Sciences Committee on International Security and Arms Control Decem...
135
Selected Bibliography
141
Index
153
Copyright

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Page 135 - Parties to the Treaty. Article XI This Treaty, the English, Russian, French, Spanish and Chinese texts of which are equally authentic, shall be deposited in the archives of the Depositary Governments. Duly certified copies of this Treaty shall be transmitted by the Depositary Governments to the Governments of the signatory and acceding States.
Page 135 - ... 2. This Treaty shall be subject to ratification by signatory States. Instruments of ratification and instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Governments of the United States of America, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, which are hereby designated the Depositary Governments.
Page 135 - Treaty if it decides that extraordinary events, related to the subject matter of this Treaty, have jeopardized the supreme interests of its country.
Page 135 - ... 5. The Depositary Governments shall promptly inform all signatory and acceding States of the date of each signature, the date of deposit of each instrument of ratification...
Page 122 - In giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free — honorable alike in what we give and what we preserve. We shall nobly save or meanly lose the last, best hope of earth.

About the author (2001)

HENRY D. SOKOLSKI is Executive Director of the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center./e From 1989 to early 1993 Mr. Sokolski served as Deputy for Nonproliferation Policy in the Office of the Secretary of Defense Cheney. In addition to his government service, Mr. Sokolski has lectured and written extensively on proliferation issues.

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