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OF THE

FIFTY-NINTH REGIMENT

ILLINOIS VOLUNTEERS, ,

OR A THREE YEARS' CAMPAIGN THROUGH MISSOURI, ARKANSAS, MISSIS.
SIPPI, TENNESSEE AND KENTUCKY, WITH A DESCRIPTION OF THE
COUNTRY, TOWNS, SKIRMISHES AND BATTLES - INCIDENTS,
CASUALTIES AND ANECDOTES MET WITH ON THE
WAY; AND EMBELLISHED WITH TWENTY-FOUR
LITHOGRAPHED PORTRAITS OF THE OF.

FICERS OF THE REGIMENT.

BY DR. D. LATHROP.

HALL & HUTCHINSON,
PRINTERS AND BINDERS, INDIANAPOLIS, IND.

E505 .5 5916

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year one thousand eight hundred and

sixty-five,

BY DR. DAVID LATHROP,
In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States, for the District of

Indiana.

HALL & HUTCHINSON, STEREOTYPERS, PRINTERS AND BINDERS.

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INTRODUCTION.

Early in the month of May, 1861, C. H. Frederick and David McGibbon, two prominent citizens of St. Louis, Mo., called on General Lyon, and proffered to raise a regiment of infantry, to serve for three years, or during the war. C. H. Frederick, having previously served his country in a military capacity, and being familiar with military tactics, was deemed by General Lyon, a very suitable person to engage in the undertaking, and immediately authorized to recruit and organize a regiment, and to have command of the same.

Colonel Frederick, at the breaking out of the rebellion, was engaged in a lucrative business in St. Louis, but at the call of his country he sacrificed his profitable interets, and gave his energies to the preservation of the Union. After an immense amount of difficulty, Colonel Frederick and his co-worker, Major McGibbon, working night and day, succeeded in enlisting enough loyal friends in and around St. Louis, to enable them to accomplish their purpose. By the middle of June three companies, and a nucleus of the fourth, was collected and rendezvoused at the St. Louis arsenal. Captains Hale, Renfrew, Veatch, and Elliott commanding.

About this time Captain S. W. Kelly was induced to become a recruiting officer, to assist in filling up the regiment. By the 24th of June he had recruited seventy men in his own neighborhood, and on that day an election was held, and S. W. Kelly was unanimously elected Captain, John Kelly First Lieutenant, and H., J. Maynard Second Lieutenant. On the 6th day of August, 1861, Captain Kelly numbered on the muster roll of his company, (F) at the St. Louis Arsenal, seventyone men; and through his influence three other companies had joined in the organization of the regiment. Captain Stookey, of Belleville, Ill., had recruited a large company of men for the service, and was now induced to join this regiment, thus making nine companies in rendezvous at the Arsenal on the 6th day of August.

As soon as the first three companies were formed, and before they were uniformed, they were sent down to Cape Girardeau, Mo., that place being threatened by the enemy, to assist in building fortifications, As soon as the next three companies were mustered in, and before they were uniformed, they were ordered to Pilot Knob, Mo. Here they underwent great hardship, not having uniforms or blankets, and scarcely anything to make them comfortable. The other three companies on their arrival at St. Louis, were sent with Colonel Frederick up the South-west branch of the Pacific railroad, to protect the bridges, etc., in order to keep that road open for the retreat of General Lyon's army after their defeat at Wilson's Creek, Mo. This work being accom

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