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(Inclosure.)-List of Persons permitted to return to the Kingdom of
No. 59.-Mr. Elliot to Lord J. Russell.—(Received March 2.) (Extract.) Naples, February 20, 1860. THIS morning, M. Carafa entered freely and willingly into conversation upon the internal state of the country, and I then took the opportunity of conveying to him the substance of your Lordship's despatch of January 16th, which he listened to without impatience, saying he gave Her Majesty's Government fuli credit for desiring nothing but the prosperity of the Kingdom and the maintenance of the dynasty.
He said be would even go further, and admit that there was great truth in much of what your Lordship said, but that Her Majesty's Government were not aware of the difficulties in the way of the introduction of any changes in this country. Lord J. Russell.
No. 60.-Mr. Elliot to Lord J. Russell.-(Received March 8.) MY LORD, Naples, March 2, 1860.
A SHORT time ago I forwarded to your Lordship a copy of a circular from the Minister of Police directing the Intendants to arrest, without hesitation, the person against whom there might be even simple grounds for suspicion.
The Government have now shown themselves determined to go a step further, and yesterday proceeded to arrest men upon whom no suspicion of taking part in any conspiracy can fall.
Of the number of persons arrested I can give your Lordship no accurate information, though I am told they were numerous in the middle and lower classes, but among my own friends or acquaintances, and belonging to the highest families, I can count 5 who have either been actually arrested or else have found safety in concealment; these are: the Prince Torella; the Marquis de Bella, brother to Prince Torella; Prince Camporeale; Duke Proto; Marquis Vulcano.
Prince Torella received a letter desiring him to attend at the Prefecture of Police, which he did, nothing doubting, and was there told to consider himself under arrest, and to have his preparations made for leaving the Kingdom the following morning. He made no resistance, but asked leave to be allowed to return home to make his preparations, and to take leave of a very aged mother; but this indulgence was refused him, nor could he obtain any information with regard to the crime imputed to him.
The arrest, however, of the Prince, and the universal conviction that no justification could be given for it, produced so great an effect
upon all classes that the same night he was set at liberty and allowed to return home.
We are now told that it was all a mistake!
His brother, the Marquis Bella, eluded the pursuit of the police, but it has been conveyed to him that he must leave the country.
Prince Camporeale likewise succeeded in hiding himself, but he has since been allowed to return home; and, in bis case, like that of Prince Torella, the order for the arrest is now said to be a mistake.
Duke Proto and Marquis Vulcano have been arrested and ordered into exile without trial or examination.
There are likewise two Marquises Monte Rossi, and the MM. Vacca, De Simone, and two De Philippe, summarily ordered into exile. Of the two last named gentlemen, one is a lawyer, and the other an employé of the Government, and both leave behind. them families depending entirely upon them for their means of subsistence, and who will now be left penniless and dependent upon charity.
During the afternoon and night of yesterday the town was patrolled, and the troops kept under arms, but no sort of disturbance took place, though the Government affirm that they had positive proof that there was to be a dangerous demonstration, and that a seditious handbill had been posted up.
Whatever evidence may be sufficient to satisfy the Government of the existence of plots or conspiracies, it is certain that the proofs are not such as would bear the light; but the denunciations of spies are received as conclusive, and the accused are summarily ordered into banishment untried and unheard.
I will inform your Lordship, by the messenger on Tuesday, of the steps I have taken with the hitherto vain hope of inducing the Government to pause in a course which, if persisted in, must finally lead to the destruction of the King and of his dynasty.
Lord J. Russell.
I have, &c.
No. 61.-Mr. Elliot to Lord J. Russell.—(Received March 13.) MY LORD, Naples, March 3, 1860.
I TOOK the earliest opportunity of seeing M. Carafa to inquire the cause of the arrests mentioned in my despatch of yesterday's date, and to ask whether the country was in so eminently critical a state as to call for such extreme measures, directed against men who could scarcely be seriously suspected of conspiracy or treason.
M. Carafa repeated, as he has so often done before, that the Government felt no uneasiness, but that they had received undoubted information of the intention of the partizans of annexation.
to Sardinia of making a demonstration which it would have been necessary to suppress by force; and that to avoid bloodshed, the preventive measures which I had alluded to had been taken; and his Excellency triumphantly pointed to the tranquillity with which the day had passed as conclusive evidence in favour of the course adopted.
I said, that of course if the Government had the proof which he said they possessed, of a conspiracy to violate the law, they could not be blamed for arresting the persons implicated; but I trusted there was no truth in the report that those persous, instead of being openly brought to trial, where their guilt or innocence might be proved in the face of day, were to be summarily transported or exiled without trial or examination.
To my regret, however, M. Carafa replied that such was the decision of the Government; for that although they had proofs sufficient to satisfy themselves of the guilt of the persons arrested, the evidence was not such as would procure a conviction in a court of justice.
"In plainer words," I answered, "you have resolved to accept as conclusive the denunciations of spies whom you dare not bring face to face with the accused." And this, without apparent shame, M. Carafa frankly admitted to be the state of the case; repeating, that he was aware they could not procure a legal conviction, but that they had no doubt whatever of the guilt of the accused
I asked whether he or any one else could believe that a man like Prince Torella would be a leader in a seditious but childish demonstration; and he at once replied that he did not believe it, and that the Prince's arrest had been an "error," which was speedily remedied.
I begged M. Carafa not to talk of a man in Prince Torella's position being arrested by mistake; for that the only "error which was evident was a miscalculation of the effect upon the public which had been produced by the arrest.
I asked whether Prince Camporeale, who had concealed himself, was a dangerous character, and with regard to him I was told that I might convey to him the assurance that he might return home without being molested.
I then said that the Marquis de Bella had been told that if he gave himself up he should receive passports for the frontier, but that he dared not put himself in the hands of the police, as innocence no longer protected a man from punishment in a country where he is not allowed to disprove the charges brought against him; and M. Carafa empowered me to convey to him the promise that he would be allowed to leave the country.
I used all the arguments in my power to persuade the Govern
ment to pause in the fatal course in which they have embarked, and I especially pointed out that, at a moment when the administration is without a President or Head, the odium of these measures would fall direct upon the King himself, and I concluded by saying that as I felt convinced that the destruction both of His Majesty and of the dynasty is inevitable unless wiser counsels are listened to, I would beg him to request for me the honour of an audience in order that when the catastrophe arrives I may not have upon my conscience the reflection that I had not done all in my power to save an inexperienced Sovereign from impending ruin.
M. Carafa promised to convey my request to the King, but I have not yet received an answer.
The French and Spanish Ministers have held the same language as myself.
Lord J. Russell.
I have, &c.
No. 62.-Lord J. Russell to Mr. Elliot.
Foreign Office, March 19, 1860. HER Majesty's Government approve the step taken by you, as reported in your despatch of the 3rd of March, to ask an audience of the King with a view of doing all in your power to save au inexperienced Sovereign from impending ruin.
It is not probable, nor is it, indeed, to be desired that the Government of the Two Sicilies should continue for any long time to form a marked contrast to the Government of Northern and Central Italy.
It is, therefore, the obvious interest of the King of the Two Sicilies to endeavour to gain the affections of his people by attention to their welfare, and by respecting the principles of law and of justice in his treatment of suspected persons.
I am, &c.
ACTS OF PARLIAMENT. See GREAT BRITAIN.
ADDRESS (Yucatan). Constitution of 1841 ......Merida, 31st March, 1841. 1111
AGREEMENTS. See TREATIES.
Contract. Honduras and North American "Agricultural
Comayagua, 22nd February, 1859. 907
Decree (Honduras). Promulgation of Ditto.
Comayagua, 20th February, 1860. 907
ALBANIA. Notification. (British). Turkish Blockade.
London, 22nd April, 1861. 529
ALEXANDRIA AND MALTA TELEGRAPH. See TELEGRAPH.
ALICE MAUD MARY, PRINCESS. Act of Parliament. (Great Britain.)
ANHALT-BERNBURG. Treaty with China, &c.
Navigation.......Tien-Tsin, 2nd September, 1861. 1248
ARAPAHOE INDIANS. Treaty with United States. Cession.
ARGENTINE CONFEDERATION. Treaty with Buenos Ayres. Union.
Tien-Tsin, 2nd September, 1861. 1248
Fort Wise, 18th February, 1861. 500
Paraná, 6th June, 1860.
Dissolution of Union with the United States of
...6th May, 1861. 900
Contract. Nicaragua and American