The Sectional Controversy: Or, Passages in the Political History of the United States
C. Scribner, 1863 - United States - 269 pages
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abolition ADAMS administration admit adopted agitation amendment authority believe bill called carry cause character citizens CLAY Colonies common compact compromise Congress consider Constitution Convention course danger delegates District duties effect election England equal established excluded exercise existence fact favor Federal Federal Government feeling force foreign formed fugitive give Government granted ground House imports increase independent influence institutions interests JOHN language latter laws legislation Legislature manufactures March Massachusetts means measure ment Missouri namely nature necessary never North Northern object opinion opposed opposition party passed peace persons petitions political portion present President principles proposed protection provision question reference regard relation Representatives resolutions respect Senate separate slavery slaves South Carolina Southern speech spirit tariff term territory thing tion Union United violation Virginia vote WEBSTER whole York
Page 204 - I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing, or all the other. Either the opponents of slavery will arrest the further spread of it, and place it where the public mind shall rest in the belief that it is in...
Page 246 - And the articles of this Confederation shall be inviolably observed by every State, and the union shall be perpetual ; nor shall any alteration at any time hereafter be made in any of them, unless such alteration be agreed to in a Congress of the United States, and be afterwards confirmed by the legislatures of every State.
Page 211 - The inhabitants of the ceded territory shall be incorporated in the Union of the United States, and admitted as soon as possible, according to the principles of the Federal constitution, to the enjoyment of all the rights, advantages, and immunities, of citizens of the United States ; and, in the mean time, they shall be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty, property, and the religion which they profess.
Page 45 - ... limited by the plain sense and intention of the instrument constituting that compact, as no further valid than they are authorized by the grants enumerated in that compact ; and that in case of a deliberate, palpable, and dangerous exercise of other powers, not granted by the said compact, the states, who are parties thereto, have the right, and are in duty bound, to interpose, for arresting the progress of the evil, and for maintaining within their respective limits, the authorities, rights,...
Page 26 - Virginia declare and make known that the powers granted under the Constitution being derived from the People of the United States may be resumed by them whensoever the same shall be perverted to their injury or oppression...
Page 60 - Union are virtually dissolved; that the States which compose it are free from their moral obligations, and that as it will be the right of all, so it will be the duty of some, to prepare definitely for a separation, amicably if they can, violently if they must.
Page 211 - That the new dogma, that the Constitution, of its own force, carries slavery into any or all of the Territories of the United States, is a dangerous political heresy, at variance with the explicit provisions of that instrument itself, with contemporaneous exposition, and with legislative and judicial precedent; is revolutionary in its tendency, and subversive of the peace and harmony of the country.
Page 223 - Britain: and finally we do assert and declare these colonies to be free and independent states,] and that as free and independent states, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent states may of right do.
Page 165 - I speak to-day for the preservation of the Union. "Hear me for my cause." I speak to-day, out of a solicitous and anxious heart, for the restoration to the country of that quiet and that harmony which make the blessings of this Union so rich, and so dear to us all.
Page 39 - An act respecting fugitives from justice, and persons escaping from the service of their masters...