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[Sect. XIII.

leans), Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia (except the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkely, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth City, York, Princess Anne, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth), and which excepted parts are for the present left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued.

“And by virtue of the power and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said desig. nated states and parts of states are, and henceforth shall be, free; The armed force of

and that the executive government of the United the nation will main- States, including the military and naval authorities

thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of

said persons.

to the slaves,


“And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free to Recommendations

abstain from all violence unless in necessary self

defense; and I recommend to them that, in all cases when allowed, they labor faithfully for reasonable wages.

" And I further declare and make known that such persons of They may serve in

suitable condition will be received into the armed the army and navy. service of the United States, to garrison forts, positions, stations, and other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service.

“And upon this act, sincerely believed to be an act of justice, Invocation of the

warranted by the Constitution upon military necesfavor of God.

sity, I invoke the considerate judgment of mankind, and the gracious favor of Almighty God.

“In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

“Done at the City of Washington, this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, and of the Independence of the United States of America the eighty-seventh.

ABRAHAM LINCOLN. "By the President: “William H. SEWARD, Secretary of State."


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