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CH. XXI.)

ANDREW JOHNSON'S ACCESSION.

543

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bed, and reduced to great debility. felt that the government was enveloped One of the band of murderers, named in the meshes of a conspiracy, whose Payne, made his way into Mr. Seward's agents were unknown, and which was house, at ten o'clock in the evening, all the more terrible for the darkness and under pretence of bringing medicines mystery in which it moved. from the physician, and though hin. All these feelings, however, gradually dered in his progress by Mr. Seward's subsided, and gave way to a feeling of son, who forbad his entering the room, intense anxiety for the life of the presihe succeeded in getting to the third dent. Crowds of people assembled in story and forcing his way into the pre- the neighborhood of the house where sence of the utterly helpless invalid. the dying martyr lay, eager for tidings Throwing himself upon the bed, Payne of his condition, throughout the night; made three powerful stabs at Mr. and when early in the morning it was Seward's throat, gashing him badly, but announced that he was dead, a feeling not fatally. An invalid soldier, named of solemn awe filled every heart, and Robinson, acting as nurse, seized Payne sat, a brooding grief, upon every face. "* about the body and tried to drag him We need not enlarge upon the feel away; and Mr. Seward crept quickly ing produced by what has just been off the bed at the further side. The narrated. The news, as carried by the murderer, having broken away from telegraph over the country, on the Robinson, rushed to the door, and de- morning of April 15th, excited every. spite all obstacles, escaped into the where profound astonishment and street, mounted a horse he had there, horror; and as the crime of assassinaand rode quickly away.

tion was one unknown in our annals, “ When the news of this appalling and utterly abhorrent to the spirit and tragedy,” says Mr. Raymond, “ spread genius of our people, it stirred to their through the city, it carried consterna- very depths the indignation of Amerition to every heart. Treading close on cans, and the sense of wrong and insult the heels of the president's murder— received at the hands of the shameless perpetrated indeed at the same instant wretches who had taken this course in -it was instinctively felt to be the order to gratify the malignity and bitwork of a conspiracy, secret, remorse. terness of their depraved souls. Quite less, and terrible. The secretary of possibly, Booth and his fellow con war, Mr. Stanton, had left Mr. Seward's spirators and employers had some in. bedside not twenty minutes before the sane notion that Mr. Lincoln's death assault, and was in his private chamber, would involve dire confusion, perhaps preparing to retire, when a messenger revolution, in the government; and brought tidings of the tragedy, and under such a state of things, they may summoned his instant attendance. On ** Life of Abraham Lincoln," p. 700. Of the funehis way to Mr. Seward's house, Mr. ral honors paid to Mr. Lincoln, in the several portions Stanton heard of the simultaneous their way to Illinois, Mr. Raymond gives a full and inmurder of the president, and instantly teresting account, pp. 702-712.

of the country through which his remains passed on strife and discord in the Republic. * For a brief sketch of Andrew Johnson's life, see

have thought that the rebels would and regularly as if the deplorable gain some advantage to themselves or murder of Abraham Lincoln had never their cause; but they little knew or been committed. appreciated the strength of the Constitution, and the spirit of willing obedi- Here we bring our present labors to ence which the people always render to a close. We do not attempt to give its provisions. There was no political expression to sentiments which might agitation or danger, no disturbance of naturally be uttered on such an occathe finances, no outbreaks, no doubt sion. We indulge in no words of anywhere as to the stability of the eulogy; we venture upon no criticism; government. The attorney-general, the day has not arrived for either. The James Speed, in behalf of the cabinet narrative of the progress of affairs, subof Mr. Lincoln, immediately and of sequently to Andrew Johnson's accesficially informed Andrew Johnson, vice- sion to the presidency, must be deferpresident, of the facts of the case, and red to a later occasion. Then, probathat he was now, by the Constitution, bly, it will be seen and understood, president of the United States.* That what peculiar trials, and testings of its same morning, April 15th, 1865, at ten strength and adaptedness to the needs o'clock, the chief-justice, Salmon P. of a free people, the Constitution was Chase, administered the oath of office called upon to endure; and how the to Andrew Johnson, who made some nation advanced in those onward steps appropriate remarks on the occasion, towards its high destiny, and its rightbut declined to indicate any line of ful place among the controlling powers policy at present. The country was of the world. In due time, we believe, duly informed, by Secretary Stanton, it will become evident, far more so than of what had been done, and Mr. John- it is now, what are the permanent re son, retaining the same gentlemen in sults of the fearful struggle of four years the cabinet, the regular routine of of civil war, and the succeeding years, government affairs went on as quietly hardly less fearful, of political, sectional

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Declaration of Independence. Fac-simile) of the original document in the hand-writing of Thomas Jefferson,

[Copied by permission from the MS. in the Department of State, at Washington.] A Diclaration by the Peymesentaties g the UMTED STATES

a OF AMERICA, in General Congress assemblea

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A dissolve the political bands which have connected them with

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before life liberty, & the pursuit of happiness, that to secure these rine, governments are moliheted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed; that whenever

any form of government Lage becomes des tective of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, & to institute new

government, laying

its foundation on such, principles & organising it's powers in such form, as to them shell

most likely to effect their safety & happiness. preden indled will dictate that governmente long established whould not be changed for light 8 transient causes: and accordingly all expenence hath shewn that are more disproud to suffer while wils are wafferable than to

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apeared the history of his present majesty present and a history glenmemitting injuries and

novolitary fact usurpations, [among which are to contra

are dict the uniform tenor of the rest, ait of which havelin direct object the cohablishment of an absolute tyranny

over these states to prove this, let facto be submitted to a candid world. Ifor the truth of which we pledge a faith yet unsullied by falschood he has refused his advent to laws the most wholesome and necessary for the prob. he has forbidden his governors to paslawe duinmediate & pressing importance

of , unless vus pended in their operation till his assent should be obtained, and when wo suspended, he haut en beglected att ly to attend to them.

, he has refused to pass

ther laws for the accomodation of large districts of people unless those people would relinquish the right of representation, a right

inestimable to them, & formidable to tyrants only: he has called together legiilahic bodies at placeó unusual, uncomfortable & distant from the depository of

their public records, for the vole purpose of fatiguing them into compliana he has dissolved Representative houses repeatedly & continually] for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people:

time after such "Sipoolestimit mand, he has refused for a long wance for men to cause others to be clect?

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wherely the legeslstise power, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people, at large for their exercise, the shole remaining in the mean timer

exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without #comeriksins within: e has endeavored to powent the population of these states; for that purpose

distructing the low for naturalization of foreigners, refusing to pass thens to encourage their migrations hither, &raising the conditions of new ap.

-propriationer og lands he has red the administration justin terally to cease in some of these

estate refusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers. ie has made Loren] judges dependant on his will alone, for the tenure of their offices,

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&'payment and amount of their salaries: he has erected a multitude of new offices[ly a self-assumed power]/vent - ther swarms of officers to harrass officers to harrass our people beat out their substance:

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without the consent of ou is has kept among us in times of peacemutanding armies whepo dwanj he has affected to render the military

, independent de superior to the civil prower; e has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreignto

tions and unacknoleged by our laws; giving his asuint to their pretended costo Alegislation, for quartering large bodice farmed troops among we;. for protecting them by a mock-trial from punishment for any muring

they should commit on the inhabitants of these states; for cutting offous trade with all parts of the world, for imposing teces on us without

without our convent; for depssiving us of the benefits of trial by jury; for hane posting us beyond veas to be tried for preseneled Hences: for abolishing the line system do trochu hlavery in a muighiamy porno

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